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tv   BBC News  BBC News  November 14, 2021 8:00pm-8:31pm GMT

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this is bbc news. the headlines at 8:00. prime minister borisjohnson says the cop26 climate deal is a "game—changing agreement" — despite concerns over the watered down commitments on phasing out fossil fuels like coal. glasgow has sounded the deathknell for coal power. it's a fantastic achievement and it's just one of many to emerge from cop26. three men in their 20s have been arrested under the terrorism act after a car explosion outside the liverpool women's hospital this morning. the passenger of the car — a man — died at the scene. the male driver was injured and is in hospital in a stable condition. the queen misses the remembrance day
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service at the cenotaph because of a sprained back. but other members of the royal familyjoin the nation, in falling silent around the country to remember those who died in past conflicts. unvaccinated people in austria are to be banned from leaving home for non—essential purposes, under a covid lockdown that'll come into force at midnight local time. £50 million worth of government funding has been promised over the next five years, to help find a cure for motor neurone disease. the president of the cop26 climate conference, alok sharma, says india and china will have to "justify" themselves
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to the world's most vulnerable countries — after the two nations demanded last—minute changes to the climate deal, softening commitments to reduce the use of coal. an agreement was finally reached last night. it says limiting average global temperatures to 1.5 celsius above pre—industrial levels, by the year 2100 is still attainable. scientists have said that amount, by then, would avoid the worst impacts of climate change. but there's controversy over the pledge about coal — which now says its use should be phased down, rather than phased out. the deal pledges more money for poorer countries to help them adapt, and nations will have to re—publish their climate plans next year — to keep what's agreed on track. the conference also agreed to reductions in methane emissions, and to curb deforestation across the planet. here's our science editor david shukman. it was billed as a landmark moment
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in our relations with the planet but did the glasgow conference do anything to limit the rise in temperatures? the man at the centre of the talks, alok sharma, had to shuttle between delegations. china and india refusing to allow coal to be phased out. the pressure really showed at one point. the final wording about coal has left disappointment. china and india will have to explain themselves to the most climate vulnerable countries in the world. this is a fragile win, because at the end of the day what we need is to ensure that all these commitments are delivered upon. so what happens now? by the end of next year, countries should update their climate pledges. a faster pace than before. and they are now expected to do this more often. by 2024, a package of long—term financial aid for the poorest nations should be agreed. then, by 2030, to avoid the worst of global warming, carbon emissions should be halved, but we're still a long way
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from achieving that. as things stand, the polar ice will melt faster than ever, raising sea levels and together with heavier rain, threatening millions of people with flooding. the implications of failing to act soon have never been clearer. we've already warmed by 1.1 celsius since preindustrial times and the hope is that 1.5 will be the limit of the rise. but we are heading for at least 1.8 and that's only if every promise is kept. more realistically, we're on course for about 2.4, a really dangerous level. the difference between 1.5 and 2.4 is really survival of millions and millions of people and species in the planet. this is what is particularly true for the islands. but according to camilla born, a government adviser at the heart of the talks,
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the worst outcomes can be averted. we have kept 1.5 alive but on the basis of delivering on those commitments, and that will be our next task, for us as the presidency, but for all the countries and it's on us to make sure this is real in action. the key to that is what's happening far beyond the conference. the spectacular fall in the price of renewable forms of energy. they now make good business sense, whatever gets agreed in talks about climate change. the arguments here over the last fortnight were about words on a page and in the end they may or may not prove important. what matters more is the signal sent by this gathering and others to come, to businesses, investors, banks, all of us. that with the right pace and scale of change, it should still be possible to get the world onto a safer course. david shukman, bbc news, glasgow. speaking at a downing street press
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conference, borisjohnson said the deal sounded the death knell for coal power and addressed criticism that india and china had watered down the proposals. this summit, cop26, was never going to be able to halt climate change. as you rightly said, we were never going to be able to stop it now in its tracks at glasgow. that was never on the cards. but what people thought we could conceivably do was slow the rate of increase and equip ourselves with the tools to turn it around. and the reason i'm so optimistic is that i think for the first time, humanity is genuinely equipping ourselves with the equipment we need to halt anthropogenic climate change altogether. and so when you look at some of the things we are doing on coal, cars, cash and trees, you can see the individual commitments that we're making, i think alok will speak about coal, but it is an immense thing to get
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a commitment from 190 countries to phase down or phase out coal. i don't know whether the language phase down or phase—out, doesn't seem to me as a speaker of english to make that much difference. the direction of travel is pretty much the same, and that's never been said before. borisjohnson boris johnson speaking earlier this evening. shadow business secretary and labour's cop spokesperson, ed miliband, says the government has fallen short in is climate promises. i'm afraid the prime minister is over spinning and over claiming what this sonnet achieved, and that serves nobody. there was modest progress but the truth is we are miles of where we need to be to properly keep 1.5 degrees a lie. it is in intensive care. now the government needs to lead by example
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and stop facing both ways on climate change. it needs to cancel the cumbria coalmine and oilfield and crucially it needs to make the investment we need to help families and businesses have a fair and just climb a transition. as we've been hearing india and china have faced heavy criticism after demanding last—minute changes to the climate deal, on the issue of coal. india heavily relies on coal for its economic development. 0ur south asia correspondent rajini vaidanathan reports on the challenges the country faces in tackling climate change. india's sacred river, a symbol of purity. turned toxic. what looks like harmless bubbles is poisonous foam, much of it caused by industrial waste and sewage. this man is a fisherman who lives and works here. all the chemicals are thrown in the river,
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he tells me. it's disgusting but it's not a natural disaster but humans who have done this. what we're seeing here in many ways represents india's overall challenges when it comes to climate change. one of the country's holiest rivers, now horribly polluted. the cause, waste from nearby factories that create jobs and help to drive economic growth. coal was centre stage at the cop summit, in a tussle over economic and environmental needs. dirty but dependable, it powers this nation, providing some 70% of india's energy and millions ofjobs. which is why the country refused to agree to a deal to phase it out completely. prime minister narendra modi did make a bold pledge to hit net zero emissions by 2070, and asked for more help from western countries for renewable projects. the aim is to move quickly towards
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alternative sources like solar. and the goal of generating 50% of power that way by the next decade. this man has just returned from the cop summit and was advising india's government. coal is going to grow, but solar is going to grow faster. it is not that one technology will grow and the other will not. both will have to grow, to meet the energy demand for the fastest—growing economy. the average indian consumes far less power than the average brit or american. many here say they don't want to be told what to do by western nations who have a long way to go before phasing out fossil fuels themselves. and we'll find out how this story — and many others — are covered in tomorrow's front pages. that's at 10:30 and 11:30 this evening. our guests joining me tonight are broadcaster & psychotherapist lucy beresford and joe twyman, the director of deltapoll. three men have been arrested as part of an investigation
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into an explosion at a hospital in liverpool. one person died and another person was injured in the incident outside the liverpool women's hospitaljust before 11 o'clock this morning. 0ur correspondent phil mccann reports from outside the the prime minister has said on twitter. 0ur correspondent phil mccann is at the scene. but even in. i'm standing just in but even in. i'm standing 'ust in front of the i but even in. i'm standing 'ust in front of the entrance h but even in. i'm standing 'ust in front of the entrance to h but even in. i'm standing just in front of the entrance to the - front of the entrance to the hospital where this happened. just slightly to the left out of our shot, a taxi drove up to the entrance just before 11am and at 10:59am, people in this part of liverpool heard an explosion. we spoke to a woman who is a patient here and said she was heading
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outside, she heard this really loud bang and the security team sealed the exits and stop people going out. the police later confirmed that that explosion occurred at 10:59am and tonight they've revealed that three men have been arrested, three men in their 20s. 21, 26 and 29 years old. they were detained in kensington in liverpool, just to the north. we know of at least two streets cordoned off by armed police and on one of those streets neighbours said they saw two men being taken away in police cars. we don't know if that's linked but clearly a lot of police activity in this part of liverpool. those three men have been arrested under the terrorism act. merseyside police said the counterterror units are leading this investigation out of caution and are keeping an open mind about the cause. as for the two people who were involved, it was the
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passenger of the car who has died, a man who is yet to be formally identified. it was the driver of the car, the taxi driver, who was injured at the scene and he is still injured at the scene and he is still in hospital where he remains in a stable condition. in hospitalwhere he remains in a stable condition.— stable condition. thank you. it's aood to stable condition. thank you. it's good to hear— stable condition. thank you. it's good to hear that _ stable condition. thank you. it's good to hear that things - stable condition. thank you. it's good to hear that things are - good to hear that things are developing, but the investigation is getting into its next phase. thank you very much. the queen has missed the annual remembrance day service at the cenotaph in london — for the first time in 22 years — after spraining her back. buckingham palace said she was disappointed not to be able to attend what would have been her first public engagement for more than three weeks. the prince of wales laid a wreath on the queen's behalf — at one of the many events around the uk to honour those fallen in conflict. 0ur royal correspondent nicholas witchell reports. it was the customary
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cenotaph commemoration, after the limitations last year caused by the pandemic. there was, though, one notable absentee. the queen did not, as had been expected, take her place on a balcony overlooking the cenotaph. according to buckingham palace, she had sprained her back. she continues to rest at windsor. the prince of wales led other senior members of the royal family to their places at the cenotaph, in readiness for the two—minute silence observed in whitehall and at ceremonies around the country. big ben chimes the hour.
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music: last post. after the two—minute silence, and the sounding of the last post in whitehall by royal marine buglers, the prince of wales placed the queen's wreath of red poppies against the cenotaph�*s northern face, in tribute to those from britain and the commonwealth who lost their lives in the world wars and more recent conflicts.
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then, after the official wreath—laying, it was the return of the veterans�* march—past. the former servicemen and women, denied the chance to be at the cenotaph last year, paying their own tributes to former colleagues. the head of state had been absent — a matter of great regret, we are told, to her and to those who were on parade. the headlines on bbc news... the prime minister borisjohnson says the cop26 climate deal is a "game—changing agreement" — despite concerns over the watered down commitments on phasing out fossil fuels like coal. three men in their 20s have been arrested under the terrorism act after a car explosion outside the liverpool women's hospital this morning. the passenger of the car —
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a man — died at the scene. the male driver was injured and is in hospital in a stable condition. the queen misses the annual remembrance day service at the cenotaph, after spraining her back, but other members of the royal familyjoin the nation to remember those who died in past conflicts. the prime minister has admitted he could have handled the 0wen paterson row and subsequent fallout "better". borisjohnson has seen his party and his own personal ratings plummet in opinion polls since the government's controversial attempt to tear up the commons standards system in a bid to delay mr paterson's punishment for breaking lobbying rules. in recent days, the prime minister has refused to apologise, but for the first time, borisjohnson said he should have acted differently. of course, you know, i think that things could certainly have been handled better, let me put it that way,
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by me. that extract from the speech. the government's latest coronavirus figures for the uk, show there were 36,517 new infections recorded, in the latest 24—hour period, which means on average, there were 37,488 new cases reported per day in the last week. 63 deaths were recorded, that's of people who died within 28 days of a positive test. on average in the past week, 156 related deaths were recorded, every day. and 12.6 million people have received their boosterjab. across europe, many countries are facing tougher covid restrictions in coming weeks. let's just take you through some of the measures being introduced across the continent. norway is set to reintroduce vaccine passports to access big events and venues
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to avoid future restrictions. dutch prime minister mark rutte announced a partial lockdown for the netherlands. bars, cafes and restaurants must close their doors at 8pm and customers will need covid passes. and austria will place 2 million unvaccinated people into a covid lockdown. the country has one of the lowest covid vaccination rates in western europe. 0ur vienna correspondent, bethany bell, has more. these are the biggest daily infection rates that austria has had since the pandemic began. the government has said it is very worried about the strain on hospitals, intensive care units are coming increasingly under pressure. so now it's really upped the pressure on the unvaccinated. the chancellorjust now said that it's clear that infection rates among the unvaccinated are much higher than among the vaccinated and it should be said that this lockdown for the unvaccinated comes
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on what are already quite tough measures for people who haven't been vaccinated — already in austria you cannot go to a restaurant or to the cinema, you cannot have your hair cut if you cannot show a vaccination certificate or a certificate of recovery. now this new step means that people will be asked to stay at home except for certain essential reasons like going to work, going to buy food or going for exercise. poland's border guard has accused neighbouring belarus of preparing a large group of migrants to make an attempt to cross into its territory by force. thousands of people, most from iraq, syria and yemen, are at a makeshift camp on belarus' border with poland, enduring freezing conditions in the hope of crossing into the eu. belarus denies it's engineering a border surge in retaliation for eu sanctions, which it described today
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as "counter—productive". 0ur correspondent, jenny hill, has been to the polish side of the border, near the town of hajnowka. her report contains images you will find distressing, from the start. in the freezing darkness of a polish forest, the human cost of the political deadlock. woman groans. this woman is severely hypothermic and, we are told, pregnant. she groans. she had come across the borderfrom belarus. volunteers, then border guards, found her here with her husband and five children. she is now in hospital, the others in police custody. two other men who were with them were, we were told, driven back to the border. this man was there and gave us the footage. he is from an informal network of people who try to help those who make it across the border. whether you are pro
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refugees or against them, i think we all deeply agree that people need some basic humanitarian help if they are in need. at the border, desperation. people trapped in the cold of a makeshift camp on the belarusian side. poland refuses to let them in, and today accused belarus of preparing the people here to storm the border. a show of force on the edge of the eu. poland sent in 15,000 troops. there are patrols, checkpoints. police pulled us over to inspect the car as we neared an exclusion zone they've imposed along the border. they don't want us to see what this man sees. micha, who wanted to remain anonymous for fear of reprisals, lives inside that zone. recently i met a group of 25 people from iraq and before 15 from syria, some guys from somalia, some people from turkey. so, i don't know, but it's probably around 100 or something.
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some people have made it across the border. they are hiding in the forests along its length. behind them, a hostile belarusian border force. ahead of them, a europe where they are not really wanted. we went back to the woods where the young family was found. the geopolitical stand—off continues. belarus and russia against poland and the west. these scattered possessions are a reminder of those caught in the middle. jenny hill, bbc news, the bialowieza forest, poland. the home secretary, priti patel, is to meet her french counterpart this week to try to increase pressure on france to stop migrants crossing the channel in small boats. more than 1,000 people made the journey on thursday — a record numberfor a single day. the nobel laureate, malala yousafzai, has told the andrew marr show that she fears the taliban's claim of a temporary interruption in girls�* education in afghanistan
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may not be true. after seizing power, the group excluded girls from returning to secondary school, while allowing boys back to class. malala yousafzai became the youngest ever nobel peace prize winner seven years ago, after being shot in the head by the pakistani taliban, for campaigning for girls�* education. i think neighbouring countries have a role to play including pakistan and i hope that imran khan and other leaders ensure that women�*s rights are protected. it�*s not just for the safety of the people of afghanistan but for the safety of the whole region as well. we know that talibanisation was not limited to afghanistan, it has spread across the border as well and their ideology influenced talibanisation in swat valley from 2007 to 2009 and my story comes from that, girls�* education was banned, women were flogged and not allowed to go to market. this was happening in 1996 in afghanistan, women were not allowed to take a job, girls were prohibited
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from going to school. at that time, the taliban were spreading a similar message that girls�* education ban was only temporary. but we know that ban lasted for five years. i�*m afraid that this ban that they have announced right now, that they are calling temporary, might not actually be temporary and it may last for years. girls should not be losing their right to education. we know afghanistan right now is the only country in the world where girls do not have access to secondary education. £50 million worth of government funding has been promised over the next 5 years to help find a cure for motor neurone disease. it comes two months after a petition was delivered to downing street by some of those living with the terminal illness — including the former rugby league star rob burrow. 0ur reporter louisa pilbeam has more. september this year — the campaign for £50 million towards motor neurone disease goes to downing street.
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among those present was former footballer stephen darby, handing over their plea to finally try and find a cure for the terminal disease. at his side, rob burrow, former rugby league star, both living with the impact of the disease. what this will mean to mnd sufferers is great hope. we�*re now on the brink of a meaningful treatment so we need to get funds to help prolong life and help find a cure. the two first spoke to bbc breakfast about life with mnd back in early 2020, alongside scottish rugby union star doddie weir. i think rugby—resilient, i knew what i had, knew what the issue was, so when he said it, "all right, we've got this, we're going to try and fight it", and then i did the dreaded google. "what have i got, what's going on?" and it came up mnd and you kind of go, "uh—oh". in the months to come, rob burrow would chart the impact of the condition in a documentary.
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that led to fundraising by people across the country and rob�*s former team—mates. kevin sinfield�*s seven marathons in seven days raised over £2 million. he takes on a new challenge later this month. meanwhile, the campaign for government backing has continued. just last week rob�*s dad gave another emotional plea. after 25, 30 years, surely to goodness we can find something to find a treatment. if it stops it, that�*s phase one. a cure�*s phase two. now the government has confirmed it will provide the £50 million that the campaigners have been asking for. in an article in the express, the prime minister promises to "transform the fight against this devastating disease". the announcement has been welcomed by the mnd association,
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which says it will change lives and ultimately save lives. louise pilbeam, bbc news. alan towart has motor neurone disease and raises money for mnd charities. he told us more about how the community is reacting to the news. everybody feels they are so close to something and this extra funding has got to go and help their research. you just have to look at how the vaccine for covid was developed so rapidly with everyone joining forces. perhaps this could help push it for mnd just that bit closer. you it for mnd 'ust that bit closer. you and it for mnd just that bit closer. you and others — it for mnd just that bit closer. you and others with _ it for mnd just that bit closer. you and others with the disease are having to live with the condition in the meantime and you will note that most people operate under the timeframe and the chances of getting anything meaningful in terms of delaying or curing the condition probably isn�*t going to come in your
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lifetime, if only it would. i know from having had a relative who died from having had a relative who died from mnd that one of the big struggles families have to deal with is, there is very limited support. there is some tremendous work among volunteers and charities but very limited in terms of organised, because the case numbers are comparatively small when spread across the population.— across the population. that's correct. there _ across the population. that's correct. there is _ across the population. that's correct. there is only - across the population. that's correct. there is only about i across the population. that's - correct. there is only about 5000 people in the uk that are diagnosed or living with mnd at any one time. some of those people can die within months of being diagnosed, then you people are diagnosed, so it stays around 5000 in the uk. that�*s been part of the problem for getting funding and helping the research because it seems to be affecting such a small population. what people can pass away very quickly with it. as i said, i�*ve been diagnosed four
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years, ifeel like one as i said, i�*ve been diagnosed four years, i feel like one of the lucky ones. i�*ve met people who have joined our support groups and passed away very quickly, it�*s so sad they haven�*t even had a chance. now it�*s time for a look at the weather with alina jenkins. hello. we have had some patchy light rain and drizzle across parts of england and wales today, but the bulk of the rain is pushing it in northern and western scotland and northern ireland and will continue overnight. weakening a little of the night wears on. further south across england and wales, a lot of cloud, some drizzle, and a few breaks in the cloud and where we do see the breaks, we could see temperatures down to five or six celsius, where we keep the cloud, seven to 10 celsius the overnight low. still a weakening band of patchy rain tomorrow morning across southern scotland initially into parts of northern england, wales, may be the far south—west of england, that will weaken as the day goes on. sunshine for scotland and northern ireland, cloudier further south with some mist and fog lingering through the morning. it is going to stay mild both by day
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and by night in the week ahead,

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