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tv   BBC News  BBC News  November 13, 2021 7:00pm-7:31pm GMT

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is the uk cop presidency's and it is the uk cop presidency's success, — and it is the uk cop presidency's success, howeverwe and it is the uk cop presidency's success, however we can't wait until 2025 to _ success, however we can't wait until 2025 to have — success, however we can't wait until 2025 to have the outcome, adaptation have to _ 2025 to have the outcome, adaptation have to be _ 2025 to have the outcome, adaptation have to be doubled by next year. just to _ have to be doubled by next year. just to be — have to be doubled by next year. just to be clear, you are saying when they are talking about a doubling of adaptation finance, that is somewhere in the future, and of course people will recognise the fact that the $100 billion which was supposed to be produced this year still hasn't materialised fully? right, and the trajectory of how that would be delivered is also quite _ that would be delivered is also quite unclear. so by next year, and early _ quite unclear. so by next year, and early next — quite unclear. so by next year, and early next year we need to work on ensuring _ early next year we need to work on ensuring that it is clear, so the trust _ ensuring that it is clear, so the trust in — ensuring that it is clear, so the trust in the _ ensuring that it is clear, so the trust in the paris regime is rebuilt _ trust in the paris regime is rebuilt. ~ . . , ., rebuilt. what about the elements of that $100 billion, _ rebuilt. what about the elements of that $100 billion, which _ rebuilt. what about the elements of that $100 billion, which is _ rebuilt. what about the elements of that $100 billion, which is supposed arrive next year? how much of that is grants and what is the concern among your members about the loan element of it? the among your members about the loan element of it?— element of it? the bulk of it is loans at this _ element of it? the bulk of it is loans at this point. _ element of it? the bulk of it is
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loans at this point. the - element of it? the bulk of it is | loans at this point. the concern element of it? the bulk of it is i loans at this point. the concern is sustainability, many countries in debt_ sustainability, many countries in debt distress at the moment due to the pandemic, so we need to look for an efficient _ the pandemic, so we need to look for an efficient composition of climate finance _ an efficient composition of climate finance to — an efficient composition of climate finance to ensure it doesn't drive them _ finance to ensure it doesn't drive them further into debt. 30 finance to ensure it doesn't drive them further into debt.— finance to ensure it doesn't drive them further into debt. so you are sa in: them further into debt. so you are saying because — them further into debt. so you are saying because of _ them further into debt. so you are saying because of the _ them further into debt. so you are saying because of the pandemic, l them further into debt. so you are i saying because of the pandemic, and in some of these countries there has been severe hurricane damage, severe flooding in recent years, they are already paying the bills for that, and on top of that they would be expected to then pay interest on these loans that forms part of the financial package?— these loans that forms part of the financial package? exactly, so the 20 have put _ financial package? exactly, so the 20 have put forward _ financial package? exactly, so the 20 have put forward a _ financial package? exactly, so the 20 have put forward a debt - 20 have put forward a debt restructuring proposal that is being put to— restructuring proposal that is being put to the — restructuring proposal that is being put to the imf to support debt restructuring in order to open up fiscal— restructuring in order to open up fiscal space to better invest in adaptation and resilience. the un secretariat was _ adaptation and resilience. the un secretariat was highly _ adaptation and resilience. the un secretariat was highly critical - adaptation and resilience. the un secretariat was highly critical this | secretariat was highly critical this week of the world bank and indeed the multilaterals as a whole. do you think anything has come from this summit which improves the health and the special drawing rights that
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these banks provide to the countries you represent? the these banks provide to the countries you represent?— you represent? the special drawing riahts is you represent? the special drawing rights is not — you represent? the special drawing rights is not equivalent _ you represent? the special drawing rights is not equivalent to - you represent? the special drawing rights is not equivalent to climate l rights is not equivalent to climate finance, _ rights is not equivalent to climate finance, it — rights is not equivalent to climate finance, it is entirely separate. but it— finance, it is entirely separate. but it is— finance, it is entirely separate. but it is clear that the imf has to do more — but it is clear that the imf has to do more now to deal with non—financial shocks such as climate _ non—financial shocks such as climate. currently they deal with financial — climate. currently they deal with financial shocks. in terms of the multilateral development banks, clearly— multilateral development banks, clearly they need to end all fossil fuel investments, in addition to gas. _ fuel investments, in addition to gas, upstream and downstream. also clearly— gas, upstream and downstream. also clearly they _ gas, upstream and downstream. also clearly they need to deliver a lot in order— clearly they need to deliver a lot in order to — clearly they need to deliver a lot in orderto maintain clearly they need to deliver a lot in order to maintain global financial— in order to maintain global financial stability.- in order to maintain global financial stabili . ~ _, , financial stability. when it comes to the difficulty _ financial stability. when it comes to the difficulty in _ financial stability. when it comes to the difficulty in the _ financial stability. when it comes| to the difficulty in the discussions over loss and damage, who has been the roadblock to it principally? it's not necessarilyjust a few countries, _ it's not necessarilyjust a few countries, it's more of the major emitters — countries, it's more of the major emitters that don't want to take responsibility. but the issue of loss and — responsibility. but the issue of loss and damage is that it already here _ loss and damage is that it already here it _ loss and damage is that it already here. it being paid for. we need to address—
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here. it being paid for. we need to address its— here. it being paid for. we need to address its on a risk management standpoint. but address its on a risk management standpoint-— address its on a risk management standoint. �* , ., , . standpoint. but you will understand from john kerry's — standpoint. but you will understand from john kerry's position, - standpoint. but you will understand from john kerry's position, one - from john kerry's position, one frans timmermans's position, from boris johnson's frans timmermans's position, from borisjohnson's position, once you start to talk about loss and damage and you put it into legal text, to some people it starts to equate to reparations, and that can open an entire pandora's box, notjust in countries worst affected, but also at home. �* . countries worst affected, but also at home. �* , ., countries worst affected, but also at home. �*, ., ., . countries worst affected, but also athome. �*, ., ., ., countries worst affected, but also at home. �*, ., ., . , ., ., at home. it's more of a show of solidarity. _ at home. it's more of a show of solidarity, and _ at home. it's more of a show of solidarity, and that _ at home. it's more of a show of solidarity, and that needs - at home. it's more of a show of solidarity, and that needs to . solidarity, and that needs to resonate _ solidarity, and that needs to resonate at home too, but it's not reparations, — resonate at home too, but it's not reparations, it's solidarity in a global— reparations, it's solidarity in a global crisis and we all have to do our part — global crisis and we all have to do our part. did global crisis and we all have to do our art. , , ., global crisis and we all have to do our art. , ,, ., ., our part. did you spell out to john ker and our part. did you spell out to john kerry and the _ our part. did you spell out to john kerry and the rest _ our part. did you spell out to john kerry and the rest what the - kerry and the rest what the financial facility needs to be? what it looks like? have you come up with a model for that? the it looks like? have you come up with a model for that?— a model for that? the v 20 is currently _ a model for that? the v 20 is currently designing _ a model for that? the v 20 is currently designing a - a model for that? the v 20 is currently designing a model | a model for that? the v 20 is i currently designing a model that they hope to put forward next year. in they hope to put forward next year. in terms _ they hope to put forward next year. in terms of— they hope to put forward next year. in terms of the ask for this cop, there _ in terms of the ask for this cop, there will— in terms of the ask for this cop, there will be a financing mechanism put forward at the next one. in this
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coming _ put forward at the next one. in this coming year— put forward at the next one. in this coming year we will work on it together _ it has been put out there loudly this afternoon and we have heard it from various countries. we will have more on the reaction from india in a member with the latest on a tense day here, let's get it wrapped up with david shukman. the day began with confusion and uncertainty. a delivery of what looked like pizza boxes. in fact, documents for the un secretary—general. there is a great deal at stake here and one of the biggest dispute is over the future of coal. we all agreed that climate change is the biggest threat to our civilisation. we all know what the causes are and one of them as coal. but the big coal producers don't accept that. i think we are now ready to start.
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negotiators immediately broke up into hurdles and we got a rare glimpse of the bargaining that normally happens behind closed doors. the american envoy, john kerry, deep in discussion with china's chief negotiator, xie zhenhua. arguing, line by line, our after an hour and eventually the man in the hot seat, alok sharma, called everyone together to make a last appeal for cooperation. we have had two incredibly intensive weeks of negotiations in glasgow and we arrive at what i believe is the moment of truth. and this is the moment of truth for our planet and it's a moment of truth for our children and our grandchildren. while the real world is facing fires, floods and future disasters, it does feel bizarre that in here they are arguing over individual words about fossil fuels, climate policy and the future of international aid. but that is how it works,
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so the first draft of the agreement, that had to be amended. so did the second and we are now on to the third. who knows if it'll be the last. of all the disagreements it is helpful the poorest countries that remains one of the most serious. they say the rich nations that caused climate change should be providing far more assistance. thea;r providing far more assistance. they romised providing far more assistance. they promised $100 _ providing far more assistance. tte: promised $100 billion providing far more assistance. t“te: promised $100 billion a providing far more assistance. tt21: promised $100 billion a year and they haven't delivered it. in fact they haven't delivered it. in fact they haven't delivered it. in fact they have inserted language, the most peculiar language saying they apologise that they haven't delivered it. what are they coming here to do? share delivered it. what are they coming here to do?— here to do? are the talks getting anywhere? _ here to do? are the talks getting anywhere? some _ here to do? are the talks getting anywhere? some are _ here to do? are the talks getting anywhere? some are now- here to do? are the talks getting i anywhere? some are now worried. here to do? are the talks getting - anywhere? some are now worried. but for heaven's sake, don't kill this moment— for heaven's sake, don't kill this moment try— for heaven's sake, don't kill this moment by asking for more text, different— moment by asking for more text, different text, deleting this, deleting that. everyone has been heard _ deleting that. everyone has been heard try— deleting that. everyone has been heard by the presidency. it is now crunch time _ heard by the presidency. it is now crunch time and _ heard by the presidency. it is now crunch time and we _ heard by the presidency. it is now crunch time and we will— heard by the presidency. it is now crunch time and we will soon - heard by the presidency. it is now crunch time and we will soon see | heard by the presidency. it is now- crunch time and we will soon see who is prepared to compromise.
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yes we do have a deal, these are live pictures and you can see alloc sharma behind the microphone at the translator for xie zhenhua, chief negotiator for china, tells us there is a deal. so for all the last—minute talks and the huddles we have seen in the room and a lot of it seemed animated indeed, withjohn kerry and the chinese delegation, things have been agreed. the objections of the indian delegation have been ironed out. i think what you are going to hear in a minute is alloc sharma formally opening the final plenary, informal plenary of the cop26 summit and one by one they are going to go through these three documents. remember, there is one
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relating to kyoto and he will hear him talk about cp which is the key of the documents and there is cp which is the paris agreement and then there is the cop26 text. don't be confused if he brings the hammer down on one document and then opens up down on one document and then opens up another. he, has president has responsibility for all three of these techs, which are living text and have been negotiating as part of the discussions here in glasgow. but a lot of responsibility. we should just talk about alloc sharma, there has been a lot of responsibility on his shoulders. it is not easy to bring 196 countries together and find a compromise. all the countries have to compromise and he is not here a brokerfor have to compromise and he is not here a broker for borisjohnson and borisjohnson's here a broker for borisjohnson and boris johnson's attempts to here a broker for borisjohnson and borisjohnson's attempts to make this summer to success. he is the brokerfor this summer to success. he is the broker for each this summer to success. he is the brokerfor each and every this summer to success. he is the broker for each and every party at the summit in glasgow, from the
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smallest marshall islands, all the way to india, china and the united states. he has to balance interest. and he personally have been acting as sherpas taking documents from one room to another as they fight over a word or phrase and how it looks to one party or another. there was a real humdinger of a row on thursday about urges and requests and whether urges were stronger than requests and in the view of the lawyer who was presented at an informal press conference, request was a better word to use in the document because it was an active verb and so something that had more strength than urges. it comes down to every word and every, they fight over at a summit like this. that is the pressure that he has been under over the course of the last two weeks. so while we wait for him to bring the
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proceedings to a start, let's quickly remind ourselves about what is in this third draught agreement. starting with the key paragraphs relating to the phasing out of coal and fossil fuel subsidies, that remains in the text despite india's reservations, it is still in there and has been slightly softened again with the words accelerating towards the phase—out of unabated coal and inefficient fossil fuels while recognising, and this was added overnight, the need for a just transition. that meaning help has to be supplied for workers and those fossil fuel industries. be supplied for workers and those fossilfuel industries. changes be supplied for workers and those fossil fuel industries. changes that looked to be the final compromise. 0n future emissions targets, there is a request for nations to return to the next cop in 2022 with more ambitious pledges. that is called the accelerator model. that is still in there. one finance, significant strengthening of the language in some areas. the dialogue, every two
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years and add up to agent —— adaptation finance and the doubling of adaptation finance in recognition of adaptation finance in recognition of others who have already doubled. and going forward, there will be a greater balance between mitigation finance and adaptation finance. mitigation getting rid of dirty fuels. adaptation, changing economies to deal with the climate change countries are already facing. also they will be working towards a post—2025 finance goal with the aim of agreeing that amount sometime in 2024. but the most substantial changes in the document relate to the section, loss and damage. this is what has been the most contentious, the compensation that vulnerable and poor countries that have demanded for the destruction already caused by climate change. there will be a dialogue going forward to discuss the arrangements forward to discuss the arrangements for funding forward to discuss the arrangements forfunding of forward to discuss the arrangements for funding of activities, forward to discuss the arrangements forfunding of activities, to
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forward to discuss the arrangements for funding of activities, to avert, minimize and to address loss and damage. it is the first time it has appeared in a climate text. they have been discussing it since paris. no amount of money discussed for those countries for whom it is an existential crisis and there is the satisfaction about the text, but it is in their and it is, in the words ofjohn kerry, extremely significant. we can speak tojean paul adam in the seychelles. he's the director of climate change, natural resource management and technology at the united nations economic commission for africa. your islands, the seychelles are already being affected, does the agreement is about to be approved, does it go far enough for you? the agreement — does it go far enough for you? the agreement is _ does it go far enough for you? tt2 agreement is a compromise. the problem with a compromise when you
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are dealing with issues as x potential for island states is you are putting that existence at risk through the compromise. the whole purpose of the agreement is that it should be science —based, i think thatis should be science —based, i think that is at the forefront of the text in glasgow and the science tells us they have to be 1.5 to save coral reefs, for example. so the problem with the compromise is that it doesn't go far enough on the ambition itself. the problem was there before glasgow, because the pledges that have been made before were not honoured in terms of the actual cutting of magicians. and the pledges going forward, also not strong enough. secondly, on finance, there is a huge gap in developing countries that need that support to be able to address the immediate needs and also build the resilience going forward. this problem is
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further heightened in the context of the pandemic. the lack of meaningful finance coming out of this agreement is one of the huge challenges. we can talk positively about the inclusion of text around loss and damage, but in terms of the agreement, what is going to be delivered in the immediate 12 months after glasgow, i think we are short and there is a big gap to be filled. we are watching the stage, do forgive me if i interrupt you to go to the beginning of the formal proceedings. while we await that, could you explain to me what instructions your team were given here? you say it was a compromise, alok sharma said it was a green thread that was hanging around all these texts, holding them together and if they started pulling at that thread then the whole thing might unravel. is that the balance your team has had to make, whether the
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commitment you have got on coal and on fossilfuel is commitment you have got on coal and on fossil fuel is so important that the references to a dialogue over loss of damage, to the finance things, that there is the compromise thatis things, that there is the compromise that is worth having? t0 things, that there is the compromise that is worth having?— that is worth having? to be clear, the un is rrot _ that is worth having? to be clear, the un is not part _ that is worth having? to be clear, the un is not part of _ that is worth having? to be clear, the un is not part of the - the un is not part of the negotiating team, but we give advice and we give guidance. certainly i think what has shaped the view of a number of african delegations, developing countries is that you have to recognise what will be achievable and it is better to achieve, get some progress and zero progress. but i think that most of the delegations will feel that we have not achieved as much as we should have. the positive steps forward have to be taken in the context of the additional actions that urgently need to be taken.
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leading up to cop 27, to be held in africa, a few of those issues that need to be progressed to seeing meaningful movement, notjust on the pledges but on the actions that will deliver on the pledges in terms of the ambition and in terms of the financing. there are some small wins that have moved the dial forward in terms of the narrative and the language, but i think in terms of people who are on the ground fighting climate change, this doesn't mean any new resources or very little and the double of adaptation finance is a significant win, but in terms of the scale of the knee, we are still short. african countries are spending up to 10% of their gdp to fight climate change. that is much more than they have been able to mobilize to fight covid. so there are gaps and the work is in progress. it is
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covid. so there are gaps and the work is in progress.— covid. so there are gaps and the work is in progress. it is very good to talk to you- _ work is in progress. it is very good to talk to you. we _ work is in progress. it is very good to talk to you. we have _ work is in progress. it is very good to talk to you. we have just - work is in progress. it is very good to talk to you. we have just seen i to talk to you. we have just seen alok sharma going to talk to the indian delegation with a copy of the text in his hand and pointing to a particular paragraph and the indian delegation nodded, actually what is written is to their satisfaction. i suspect he is about to begin, as people take their seats. with me is richard black, the director of the energy and climate. we are about there? . . . energy and climate. we are about there? . , . , ., energy and climate. we are about there? . , . , there? that is what everyone is ho - in: there? that is what everyone is hoinu in there? that is what everyone is hoping in the — there? that is what everyone is hoping in the room. _ there? that is what everyone is hoping in the room. we - there? that is what everyone is hoping in the room. we had - there? that is what everyone is hoping in the room. we had a l hoping in the room. we had a resounding call from everybody, everybody but india and to a lesser extent china but they said this is a package we can live with, we want to go home and start implementing. richard, i was talking about alok sharma and their weight on his
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shoulders, he has had a pretty exhausting few days, does he stop these proceedings with a niggling doubt in his mind that someone could leave him with egg on his face? he is looking remarkably calm considering the couple of weeks he has had _ considering the couple of weeks he has had in — considering the couple of weeks he has had in the year he has had. the ending _ has had in the year he has had. the ending of— has had in the year he has had. the ending of previous decker—macro, presidents — ending of previous decker—macro, presidents have been more haggard than he _ presidents have been more haggard than he is _ presidents have been more haggard than he is now.— presidents have been more haggard than he is now. have the indians got somethin: than he is now. have the indians got something out _ than he is now. have the indians got something out of— than he is now. have the indians got something out of the _ than he is now. have the indians got something out of the they _ than he is now. have the indians got something out of the they raised? . something out of the they raised? what is more important is the signal that heading into next year, they wouldn't have haggled this hard if they thought support would be available for them to transition. but a lot of their words, they are not facilities channelling money to countries to consider coal phase—out. that is what this showing, it wasn'tjust india, south
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africa raised concerns, not to the extent they wanted to throw this whole thing out. as have other countries from the like—minded developing country grouping, which is largely emerging economies. it shows the state of the reality and the challenge of climate action on the challenge of climate action on the ground. that is going to have to change next year in the g7, the g20 in places like the world bank. richard, there is a breaking line of news tonight that the us and china are talking to the indians about a quicker phase—out of coal, what do you understand is going on there? t you understand is going on there? i don't have any of the details, but we could — don't have any of the details, but we could look at the deal was with south _ we could look at the deal was with south africa, it is basically a targeted _ south africa, it is basically a targeted intervention. you have a situation — targeted intervention. you have a situation and we can help you with some _ situation and we can help you with some targeted money. indeed, the amount— some targeted money. indeed, the amount of— some targeted money. indeed, the amount of coal burning has been going _ amount of coal burning has been going down, even though over the past five _ going down, even though over the past five or— going down, even though over the past five or so years they have been opening _ past five or so years they have been opening the — past five or so years they have been opening the occasional coal—fired
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power— opening the occasional coal—fired power station. they have big renewals— power station. they have big renewals target and renewables are the trest— renewals target and renewables are the best way to get energy to the rural— the best way to get energy to the rural poor — the best way to get energy to the rural poor. because at the beginning of their— rural poor. because at the beginning of their development path there is a hu-e of their development path there is a huge opportunity to get the investment right. narendra modi has spoken— investment right. narendra modi has spoken about this, coupling together that development in renewable energy with climate protection. bangladesh has a _ with climate protection. bangladesh has a model for doing this, where you build — has a model for doing this, where you build wind farms but built coastat — you build wind farms but built coastal protection into that as welt — coastal protection into that as welt so— coastal protection into that as well. so you do the two things together _ well. so you do the two things together. bangladesh got a plan out early in _ together. bangladesh got a plan out early in the year saying we want this to _ early in the year saying we want this to he — early in the year saying we want this to be the model for economic growth _ this to be the model for economic growth no— this to be the model for economic growth. no reason why india, much bigger— growth. no reason why india, much bigger country cannot do the same thing _ bigger country cannot do the same thin. . bigger country cannot do the same thin. , . . thing. interesting watching the room. he takes _ thing. interesting watching the room. he takes his _ thing. interesting watching the room. he takes his seat - thing. interesting watching the room. he takes his seat everyl thing. interesting watching the . room. he takes his seat every two minutes and then someone else comes and whispers in his ear. the indians havejust come back and whispers in his ear. the indians have just come back onto the stage to raise another issue. how much of
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this is political theatre and for audiences back home who are watching this, how are they sticking their hand up and making representations for what we want? that hand up and making representations for what we want?— for what we want? that is part of it and this process _ for what we want? that is part of it and this process is _ for what we want? that is part of it and this process is live _ for what we want? that is part of it and this process is live stream. - for what we want? that is part of it| and this process is live stream. not something you get for the g20 and the g7. this is one of those few processes where they are making decisions for the world to watch. and actually stepping back, what i found remarkable is in a forum where we have never talked about specific fossil fuels, we have never talked about specific fossilfuels, in the we have never talked about specific fossil fuels, in the final hours that coal is the fight. coal is dying, coal is on the way out. the sign they are trying to scent is, we are going to need help with that. that is not something we have done in this process before and that is a real sign of change. taste in this process before and that is a real sign of change.— in this process before and that is a real sign of change. we had a guest here earlier. _ real sign of change. we had a guest here earlier, the _ real sign of change. we had a guest here earlier, the founder _ real sign of change. we had a guest here earlier, the founder of - real sign of change. we had a guest here earlier, the founder of carbon | here earlier, the founder of carbon tracker, he is cock—a—hoop to night because he thinks the coal phrase
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are staying in, and talks about the oil and salt lines that was formed this week? he oil and salt lines that was formed this week?— this week? he talked to a lot of businesses _ this week? he talked to a lot of businesses and _ this week? he talked to a lot of businesses and investors. - this week? he talked to a lot of businesses and investors. he i this week? he talked to a lot of businesses and investors. he isj this week? he talked to a lot of. businesses and investors. he is an expert— businesses and investors. he is an expert on— businesses and investors. he is an expert on the changes happening in the financial world. we know investors— the financial world. we know investors want to put money into clean _ investors want to put money into clean energy and 90% of the electricity generation capacity last year it— electricity generation capacity last year it was into renewables. mark is ohserving _ year it was into renewables. mark is observing that and it is real—world action, _ observing that and it is real—world action, mirroring what is happening here and _ action, mirroring what is happening here and being stimulated by what is happening _ here and being stimulated by what is happening here. time here and being stimulated by what is happening here-— here and being stimulated by what is happening here. time that perfectly, he is a lot sharma. _ happening here. time that perfectly, he is a lot sharma. sorry _ happening here. time that perfectly, he is a lot sharma. sorry for- happening here. time that perfectly, he is a lot sharma. sorry for the - he is a lot sharma. sorry for the delay, we are ready to get started. please take your seats. —— alok sharma.
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friends, it is now decision time and the choices you are set to make our vitally important. they launched a decade of increasing ambition across mitigation, adaptation, finance and loss and damage. marking the road to keeping 1.5 degrees within reach, achieving the global goal on adaptation, delivering on the $100 billion goal and selecting the new quantify goal for climate finance. these decisions conclude the outstanding elements of the paris rule book, enabling full and effective implementation of the paris agreement. and they place an unprecedented focus on the issue of loss and damage. collectively, i believe the decisions you are about to make demonstrate the continued
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relevance and leadership of this multilateral process. they promote inclusive climate action, recognising the important role played by civil society, indigenous people's, local communities, youth and other stakeholders. they complement the impressive commitments and actions of all those whojoined us in glasgow, driving progress on coal, cars, cache entries. we met here under extraordinary circumstances and the negotiations have been far from easy, i can tell you that, definitely. but i have been struck by the determination you have all shown to get our work done, to forge consensus on an unprecedented agenda. and ultimately agree something meaningfulfor people agenda. and ultimately agree something meaningful for people and our planet. each and every one of you and the nations you represent has stepped here in glasgow, agreeing to do what it takes to keep 1.5 alive. for that i am infinitely
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grateful. it is now a great honour to take us through the formal adoption proceedings. i now declare open the 12th meeting of cop26. the order in which the agenda items will be taken up is posted on the screen. so first, i now invite the cops to adopt the decision entitled, glasgow climate pact contained in document. i see china is seeking an intervention. i invite china to take the floor.
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translation: ~ ., ., , translation: with a view to ensuring the success of — translation: with a view to ensuring the success of this _ translation: with a view to ensuring the success of this meeting, _ translation: with a view to ensuring the success of this meeting, we - translation: with a view to ensuring the success of this meeting, we have l the success of this meeting, we have found a constructive programme, the elements have been submitted to other parties. thank you.- elements have been submitted to other parties. thank you. thank you, china. india. — other parties. thank you. thank you, china. india, you _ other parties. thank you. thank you, china. india, you have _ other parties. thank you. thank you, china. india, you have the _ other parties. thank you. thank you, china. india, you have the floor. - other parties. thank you. thank you, china. india, you have the floor. mrl china. india, you have the floor. mr president, thank you very much. in the text of paragraph 20 and the
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discussion— in the text of paragraph 20 and the discussion of cop26 and paragraph 36, discussion of cop26 and paragraph 36. after— discussion of cop26 and paragraph 36, after discussion with the presidency and various stakeholders and other— presidency and various stakeholders and other countries, the next text we propose — and other countries, the next text we propose and reveal as fellow and if you _ we propose and reveal as fellow and if you permit me i will read that. now, _ if you permit me i will read that. now. i_ if you permit me i will read that. now, i propose parties to escalate deployment and dissemination of technologies and adoption of policies _ technologies and adoption of policies to transition towards lower mission— policies to transition towards lower mission and energy system, including scating _ mission and energy system, including scaling up _ mission and energy system, including scaling up the deployment of clean energy— scaling up the deployment of clean energy measures, including escalating effort to phase down and
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debated _ escalating effort to phase down and debated coal power, while providing targeted _ debated coal power, while providing targeted support to the poorest and the most _ targeted support to the poorest and the most vulnerable in line with national— the most vulnerable in line with national circumstances and recognising the need for support towards — recognising the need for support towards a — recognising the need for support towards a just transition. thank you _ you. applause. thank you to china and india for their interventions. delegates, you have a revised proposalfor the paragraphs that were set out. could i ask whether distinguished delegates, having heard the proposal, is this proposal agreeable to you? i have two interventions. i
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have an intervention from switzerland.— have an intervention from switzerland. ., . have an intervention from switzerland. ,, . , ., switzerland. switzerland, i give you the floor. thank _ switzerland. switzerland, i give you the floor. thank you, _ switzerland. switzerland, i give you the floor. thank you, mr _ switzerland. switzerland, i give you the floor. thank you, mr president. j the floor. thank you, mr president. we would like to express our profound disappointment that the language we have agreed on on coal and fossilfuel language we have agreed on on coal and fossil fuel subsidies has language we have agreed on on coal and fossilfuel subsidies has been further watered down as a result of a transparent process. let us be clear, we do not need to phase down but to phase out coal and fossil fuel subsidies. weaver told in this meeting that no changes can be adapted to the text when we try to close a loophole in the market decision. the aig does not want to risk that we leave glasgow without an outcome. therefore, we did not
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oppose this additional last—minute change, weakening the outcome of glasgow, but we are disappointed both about the process and about this last—minute change. this will not bring us closer to 1.5, but make it more to reach it. applause thank you. thank you. thank you, switzerland for your intervention. the european union wishes to take the floor, i give the flow to the european union. thank you. it is no secret to this gathering that the european union
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would have wanted to go even further

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