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tv   Witness History  BBC News  November 13, 2021 2:30am-3:01am GMT

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as the un climate summit in glasgow runs into extra time, delegates are considering a third draft of an agreement to try to put a limit on global warming. the conference president, alok sharma, has called for a final injection of "can—do spirit." an ally of former president trump, steve bannon, has been indicted by a federal grand jury, charged with two counts of contempt of congress. mr bannon refused to give a deposition or supply documents to the committee investigating the attack on the us capitol last january. more than a thousand migrants are spending what for many is a fifth night trapped at the border between belarus and poland amid a continuing stand—off between the two countries. us presidentjoe biden has expressed his concern about the situation on the border.
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the prime minister has made a plea for people to have their covid vaccination boosterjabs as he warned of a wave of infections sweeping in from across europe. in the uk, cases are falling across all four nations. here's our health editor hugh pym. people in the netherlands enjoying a final evening in bars and restaurants before a partial 3—week lockdown starting tomorrow — the government's response to rising covid infections set out by the prime minister tonight. translation: this is - a hard blow of a few weeks because the virus is everywhere throughout the country, in all sectors and in all ages. hospitality venues will have to close at 8pm, there will be early closing for supermarkets, fans will be barred from major sporting events and households will only be allowed four visitors. i mean, i understand — it sucks, obviously, but i understand the reasoning behind it. i think we have to do it for the good of everyone else.
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i think mental health should be considered _ more than physical- health at this moment, because everyone is suffering as much mentally- as they are physically. intensive care units in austria are under strain. the government is set to announce restrictions on those who haven't beenjabbed — the country's vaccination rate is below the eu average. uk covid cases relative to the population have fallen back, but the netherlands, austria and some other european countries have seen steep increases. the prime minister sounded a cautionary note about the implications of case increases across europe. i'm seeing a — the storm clouds gathering over parts of the european continent and i've got to be absolutely frank with people — i can — and — we've been here before and we remember what happens when the wave starts — starts rolling in. and here, ministers are pushing even harder the message that people should get boosterjabs as soon as they're eligible. the hope is that will help
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slow the spread of covid. the latest ons survey suggests that last week in the uk, nearly 1.1 million people had the virus. that was down on the previous week. in england, it was one in 60 people and in wales, one in a5. in both, case rates were falling. but in northern ireland, with one in 75, and scotland, one in 85, the trend was less clear. school half—term could have been a factor, and the prime minister said it wasn't clear the drift downwards would continue. hugh pym, bbc news. now on bbc news, we have a special edition of witness history to mark cop26. hello, and welcome to this special edition of witness history with me, claire marshall. we are in the gardens of london was not environmental college. this time we are
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getting first—hand accounts of some important moments in an environmental history. coming up, the man who fed the world as crop pioneer norman borland was called. had hussein ordered the destruction of iraq by the great marshes and we hear about the fight to over neighbourhood built on 20,000 tons of toxic waste. but we start here in the uk, which is one of the first countries in europe to ban lead from petrol in cars. the move followed a successful campaign showing the lead was poisoning children and leaving them permanently brain—damaged. witness history spoke to doctor robin russelljones from the campaign for leadfree air. leadfree petrol now! leadfree petrol now!
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it is brain damaging my child. excuse — it is brain damaging my child. excuse me, and i give you one of these — excuse me, and i give you one of these to— excuse me, and i give you one of these to read, _ excuse me, and i give you one of these to read, please? - excuse me, and i give you one of these to read, please? these arents of these to read, please? these parents have — of these to read, please? these parents have recently _ of these to read, please? these parents have recently joined - parents have recentlyjoined the anti— lead campaign, it seems common sense that 10,000 tons of lead must find its way tons of lead must find its way to people one way or another. fix, to people one way or another. sort of effects that occur in children who have this level of exposure manifest themselves as behavioural disorders. these children tend to be very impulsive, they have difficulty concentrating, they are easily distracted, easily frustrated. in a major campaign to ban lead in petrol— in a major campaign to ban lead in petrol was launched today. it is _ in petrol was launched today. it is called clear, which stands _ it is called clear, which stands for the campaign for leadfree air. it stands for the campaign for leadfree air.— leadfree air. it reached the maximum _ leadfree air. it reached the maximum in _ leadfree air. it reached the maximum in 1971, - leadfree air. it reached the maximum in 1971, the - leadfree air. it reached the. maximum in 1971, the about 400,000 tons of lead was added worldwide to petrol. the attitude _
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worldwide to petrol. the attitude of _ worldwide to petrol. the attitude of the _ worldwide to petrol. tie: attitude of the government worldwide to petrol. tt;e: attitude of the government in this country has been to resist the evidence as it becomes available. the evidence as it becomes available-— the evidence as it becomes available. �* .. , available. the americans, the russians and _ available. the americans, the russians and the _ available. the americans, the russians and the japanese - available. the americans, the i russians and the japanese have russians and the japanese have all taken action against lead emissions. all i am saying is i do believe that the risks, which i believe we are talking about, is grossly exaggerated. the argument _ grossly exaggerated. the argument was _ grossly exaggerated. the argument was that - grossly exaggerated. the argument was that lower class children were more likely to be living in houses with peeling paint or old pipes or near to highways, so then the argument was, well, the relationship between high lead and low iq is because there is a social class difference. but i mean, that is where the animal studies were very important, and because it demonstrated that that didn't explain it.
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these are the animals we have been using to study the effects of lead treatment on behaviour in brain chemistry. they are very hard for experiment to catch. it is another indication of reactivity and aggressiveness. a letter written by sir henry, the government was achieved advisor, — the government was achieved advisor, has been linked to the press _ advisor, has been linked to the press in — advisor, has been linked to the press in the last few days. in it, press in the last few days. in it. he — press in the last few days. in it. he says _ press in the last few days. in it, he says there is a strong likelihood that lead in petrol is permanently reducing the iq of many— is permanently reducing the iq of many of our children. that was complete _ of many of our children. that was complete dynamite. - of many of our children. that was complete dynamite. so we took _ was complete dynamite. so we took that — was complete dynamite. so we took that to _ was complete dynamite. so we took that to the _ was complete dynamite. so we took that to the editor - was complete dynamite. so we took that to the editor of - was complete dynamite. so we took that to the editor of the l took that to the editor of the times — took that to the editor of the times. , , ., times. this is an unlettered um -. times. this is an unlettered pump- are _ times. this is an unlettered pump- are you _ times. this is an unlettered pump. are you sure - times. this is an unlettered pump. are you sure your. times. this is an unlettered - pump. are you sure your vehicle requires unleaded petrol?
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finally, in 89, reduce a tax on ieaded — finally, in 89, reduce a tax on ieaded fuei— finally, in 89, reduce a tax on leaded fuel and _ finally, in 89, reduce a tax on leaded fuel and it _ leaded fuel and it became cheapen _ leaded fuel and it became cheaper. within _ leaded fuel and it became cheaper. within six - leaded fuel and it becamej cheaper. within six years, leaded fuel and it became - cheaper. within six years, lead levels — cheaper. within six years, lead levels in — cheaper. within six years, lead levels in british— levels in british schoolchildrenl levels in british. schoolchildren had levels in british- schoolchildren had fallen levels in british— schoolchildren had fallen by 80%~ — schoolchildren had fallen by 8096. �* .,. schoolchildren had fallen by 8096. �* 8096. and in fact the campaign has been so — 8096. and in fact the campaign has been so successful, - 8096. and in fact the campaign has been so successful, that l 8096. and in fact the campaign j has been so successful, that in 2021, algeria became the final country in the world to halt the sale of leaded petrol. in 2004, the kenyan environmental campaigner became the first african woman to win the nobel peace prize. she spent much of her life trying to protect can you's forests. witness history went to the forest on the edge of nairobi to talk to her daughter. of nairobi to talk to her daughter-— of nairobi to talk to her dau:hter. g ., .,, ., daughter. my mother was often asked, daughter. my mother was often asked. were — daughter. my mother was often asked, were you _ daughter. my mother was often asked, were you afraid? - daughter. my mother was often asked, were you afraid? you i asked, were you afraid? you were fearless. how can you do all these things? and she said,
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no, i was afraid, but she said, what needed to be done was so compelling that i had to do it. she grew up surrounded by nature, surrounded by the beauty of nature. i also remember her describing her mother being a farmer. her mother being a farmer. her mother grew all the food they ate, and then she goes away to school, to university out in the united states, and she comes back and joined the university of a young member of academic staff. she was struck by the issues that were being presented by women who were very much like her mother. they were talking about lack of fuel, lack of water and lack of nutritious food. and everything they described, she felt was connected to a degradation of the landscape, and so why not plant trees, she asked them? the women here till the land, so it— the women here till the land, so it is— the women here till the land, so it is important that they know— so it is important that they know how to conserve this soil.
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she founded the movement in 1977 to help women plant trees and, at the same time, begin to understand how to heal the land themselves. it is 50 million trees now and counting. very quickly, the greenbelt movement became more thanjust quickly, the greenbelt movement became more than just about planting trees, because we had an extremely dictatorial government. public hand was being parcelled out to the friends of the administration of the day, and so protecting this necessarily becomes political. the forest was by far one of the scariest battles. far one of the scariest battles— far one of the scariest battles. ., , ., ., battles. people are showing a lot of anger — battles. people are showing a lot of anger because - battles. people are showing a lot of anger because nobody l lot of anger because nobody knew — lot of anger because nobody knew the extent to which the forest — knew the extent to which the forest is _ knew the extent to which the forest is actually destroyed. it forest is actually destroyed. it was — forest is actually destroyed. it was vicious. she got very physically hurt, she was in hospital. but she survived. and
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so whenever she survived, she knew it was time to go back and finish the work of saving the forest. we are here in the forest, one of the most beautiful urban forests in the world, and it is thanks to the greenbelt movement and the efforts of my mother at the time that saved it. but she also was a human rights activist, a women's rights activist. t activist, a women's rights activist. ., ., ., activist. i have no idea where this policeman _ activist. i have no idea where this policeman is _ activist. i have no idea where this policeman is taking - activist. i have no idea where this policeman is taking me | this policeman is taking me now — this policeman is taking me now i_ this policeman is taking me now. i have done nothing! to now. i have done nothing! challenge now. i have done nothing! trr challenge the president and the party of the day, that was gutsy. party of the day, that was nuts . �* party of the day, that was i uts _ r . ., ., , party of the day, that was tuts,�* ., , ., gutsy. an ecologist from kenya has become — gutsy. an ecologist from kenya has become the _ gutsy. an ecologist from kenya has become the first _ gutsy. an ecologist from kenya has become the first african . has become the first african woman to win the nobel peace prize. ,, , �* , prize. she 'ust didn't believe that it prize. she just didn't believe that it was — prize. she just didn't believe that it was her, _ prize. she just didn't believe that it was her, i _ prize. she just didn't believe that it was her, i think- prize. she just didn't believe that it was her, i think for i prize. she just didn't believe that it was her, i think for a l that it was her, i think for a while there she probably felt maybe it is a mistake! i don't know. but it was one of the most amazing moments to see her and enjoy the spotlight on the platform in a way she has never
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had before. ithink platform in a way she has never had before. i think the whole day she sort of spent saying, i didn't know anyone was listening. my mother died on september 20 five, 2011. she has left quite a legacy, i think. certainly for us, as canyons, as women, as africans, to believe in the power of one, i think the fact that one woman from the highlands of kenya could be such an important force for change. she remains one of the most inspiring things for me.— things for me. wangari maathai's _ things for me. wangari maathai's daughter - things for me. wangari i maathai's daughter there. things for me. wangari - maathai's daughter there. and now to iraq where, in the early 19905, now to iraq where, in the early 1990s, saddam hussein commissioned a huge engineering project to drain the largest wetland in the middle east. alex to witness, iraqi engineer told us about his memories of the area as a boy, and the
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impact the draining had on an ancient way of life. the marshes, to me, are associated with times alone with my father. and there is this slowness, moving along in these narrow streams surrounded by reeds, i have memories of going over the side of the boat and looking at the clear water and looking at the clear water and seeing the fish scatter. it isa it is a place of serenity. the vast majority of iraq is desert. this waterworld. it is later on, much, much later on when i found out that these
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marsh arabs were living in a way that is very similar to how they lived, the houses are still made out of reeds and they fish in the same way. they are literally our link to the old civilisation. i didn't realise the treasure that we have. to that extent it is not just mine alone. to that extent, it is yours, it is humanity's heritage. it doesn't belong to iraq alone. it belongs to the rest of the world. this is what i think was invented. this is where abraham was born. the marshlands of southern hirak are the hiding place of the refugees from initiator revolt against saddam hussein. it was here that the iraqi army manoeuvred in his word against iran. now iran says the troops are back amassing to attack the
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half million people or more estimated to be living in the marshes. estimated to be living in the marshes— estimated to be living in the marshes. ., ,, ~ marshes. saddam hussein knew that if you _ marshes. saddam hussein knew that if you allow _ marshes. saddam hussein knew that if you allow the _ marshes. saddam hussein knew that if you allow the rebels i marshes. saddam hussein knew that if you allow the rebels to i that if you allow the rebels to continue to exist in the marshes they would then be used by the west and by iran to undermine his rule and maybe even advance to baghdad with time. so the time when saddam hussein was not allowed to sell a single drop of oil in the market it put the entire gdp of the nation to a magnificently large project was of a project that the united nations called the worst engineered environmental disaster of the last century. but the engineer in me, a repeat, the engineer enemy is in awe of the idea that you can drain an area as large as these marshes —— in me. it's impossible. yet the engineers did it.
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ina in a period of three years the marshes that used to deliver for 15,000 years were no longer. for 15,000 years were no loner. �* , for 15,000 years were no loner. . , ~ longer. and the marsh arabs that lived — longer. and the marsh arabs that lived off _ longer. and the marsh arabs that lived off the _ longer. and the marsh arabs that lived off the marshes i longer. and the marsh arabs l that lived off the marshes lost their— that lived off the marshes lost their way— that lived off the marshes lost their way of life. i have learned _ their way of life. i have learned one thing from nature, it is that — learned one thing from nature, it is that all we need to do is let the — it is that all we need to do is let the water flow and get out of the — let the water flow and get out of the way. and it will recover effectively. she doesn't need us. effectively. she doesn't need us she — effectively. she doesn't need us. she has seen this before. and _ us. she has seen this before. and she _ us. she has seen this before. and she will be here after we are gone _ and she will be here after we are gone-— are gone. after saddam was overthrown. _ are gone. after saddam was overthrown, the _ are gone. after saddam was overthrown, the marshes i are gone. after saddam was i overthrown, the marshes were partially refloated, but they remain under threat, both from climate change and damns further upstream. remember, you can watch winners history each month on the bbc news channel or you can catch up on all our films along with more than 1000 radio programmes on our online radio programmes on our online
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radio archive, had to bbc .co/ witness history. next, in 1970, the american agricultural scientist norman borlot was awarded the nobel peace prize for disease resistant crops was up for disease resistant crops was up at the time, famine and malnutrition with claiming millions of lives across the world, but the green revolution enable countries like india to become self—sufficient, we spoke to professor ronnie calment, a student and friend of norman borlot. tt calment, a student and friend of norman borlot.— of norman borlot. if the field is uniform — of norman borlot. if the field is uniform you _ of norman borlot. if the field is uniform you get _ of norman borlot. if the field is uniform you get a - of norman borlot. if the field is uniform you get a generall is uniform you get a general picture of what it is like... the man who fed the world, is praised for saving more lives than anyone in human history. we were in the field hard at work and we looked up and saw a car coming down through the field on the other side of a
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major irrigation canal and he said that looks like margaret, margaret was his wife stop and she gets out, she says, norman, you won the nobel prize! laughter. he didn't really believe it. he comes back and we go back to work. i've first met him as my professor. it was the first phd students and while i was working for him he won the nobel prize. so he was too busy to take students an i was the last student also.— to take students an i was the last student also. obviously i am personally _ last student also. obviously i am personally honoured i last student also. obviously i i am personally honoured beyond all dreams by this election, but the obligations imposed by the owners are far greater than the owners are far greater than the honour itself. he the owners are far greater than the honour itself.— the honour itself. he drop on a farm in iowa, _ the honour itself. he drop on a farm in iowa, coming-of-age l farm in iowa, coming—of—age during the great depression. he saw a lot of red lines, a lot
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of people out of work. he saw a lot of poverty. i think that set him on his career to do something that would benefit society. he started his work in mexico in the 1960s, developing high yielding disease resistant wheat that boosted harvest in what would be known as the green revolution. he what would be known as the green revolution.— green revolution. he was trained as _ green revolution. he was trained as a _ green revolution. he was trained as a plant - green revolution. he was i trained as a plant pathologist trying to protect plants from diseases and, specifically, to do something about the roster disease which was wiping out the crop in mexico. what is roster disease? it is a fungus. it is carried in the wind. it is the worst plant disease in the world. so he set about to develop rust resistant wheat varieties. i was in my 20s at the time. he was in his 50s, but i had trouble keeping up with him. he was a dedicated, extremely hard—working person.
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extremely ha rd—working person. they extremely hard—working person. they now say that food is not the problem. i say it will be a continuing _ the problem. i say it will be a continuing problem.— continuing problem. india is especially — continuing problem. india is especially concerned - continuing problem. india is especially concerned over i continuing problem. india is l especially concerned over half its population— especially concerned over half its population is— especially concerned over half its population is extremely. its population is extremely vulnerable _ its population is extremely vulnerable to— its population is extremely vulnerable to famine. india didn't have _ vulnerable to famine. india didn't have a _ vulnerable to famine. india didn't have a chance - vulnerable to famine. india didn't have a chance of- vulnerable to famine. india i didn't have a chance of feeding the population. tens of millions of people were dying from hunger and malnutrition, so it was considered, at the time, a hopeless situation. the green revolution essentially eliminated famine. this did not necessarily solve all the problems of hunger, but it gave india a chance. his problems of hunger, but it gave india a chance.— india a chance. his techniques did attract _ india a chance. his techniques did attract critics, _ india a chance. his techniques did attract critics, the - did attract critics, the plants, _ did attract critics, the plants, it was that, were too reliant — plants, it was that, were too reliant on— plants, it was that, were too reliant on chemicals, the farming _ reliant on chemicals, the farming to intensive. there are a number _ farming to intensive. there are a number of — farming to intensive. there are a number of criticisms - farming to intensive. there are a number of criticisms of i farming to intensive. there are a number of criticisms of the i a number of criticisms of the green revolution and some of them have validity, butjust imagine in the absence of the green revolution what might
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have happened. the figure that was always used was that he saved a billion lives. and i think it is probably true. professor ronnie calment there on the green revolution. finally, the love canal neighbourhood in niagara falls was built on the side of a dump containing 20,000 tons of chemicals. in the late 1970s the toxic waste began to bubble into local streets and gardens. former love canal resident louella told witness history about the fight to be evacuated.— about the fight to be evacuated. , ., ' ., evacuated. maestri had 15 on it. on those _ evacuated. maestri had 15 on it. on those 15 _ evacuated. maestri had 15 on it. on those 15 houses - evacuated. maestri had 15 on it. on those 15 houses were i it. on those 15 houses were nine with respect to me is. ihie nine with respect to me is. we want out! _ nine with respect to me is. we want out! we _ nine with respect to me is. we want out! we want out! the i nine with respect to me is. we l want out! we want out! the only thin we want out! we want out! the only thing we could _ want out! we want out! the only thing we could do _ want out! we want out! the only thing we could do was _ want out! we want out! the only thing we could do was to - want out! we want out! the only thing we could do was to keep i thing we could do was to keep fighting. we had an ultimate
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goal and that ultimate goal was to be evacuated and we would not accept anything less than that. ., ., i: not accept anything less than that. ., ., 11, ., , not accept anything less than that. ., ., ii, ., , that. for over 20 years cook and other— that. for over 20 years cook and other companies - that. for over 20 years cook and other companies use i that. for over 20 years cook| and other companies use the basin — and other companies use the basin of— and other companies use the basin of an unfinished canal in which — basin of an unfinished canal in which to— basin of an unfinished canal in which to dump the chemicals they— which to dump the chemicals they had _ which to dump the chemicals they had no further use for. the — they had no further use for. the old _ they had no further use for. the old waterway was called love — the old waterway was called love canal and at the time no-one _ love canal and at the time no—one live nearby. what followed next is perhaps the most — followed next is perhaps the most astonishing part of the story — most astonishing part of the story. the education bought from — story. the education bought from auchi, for the price of a dollar, — from auchi, for the price of a dollar, ail— from auchi, for the price of a dollar, all this land. from auchi, for the price of a dollar, allthis land. some from auchi, for the price of a dollar, all this land. some of it they— dollar, all this land. some of it they sold to residential developers to build houses on and on — developers to build houses on and on the rest of it they built— and on the rest of it they built a _ and on the rest of it they built a school. in and on the rest of it they built a school.— and on the rest of it they built a school. in 1969 we found this _ built a school. in 1969 we found this beautiful i built a school. in 1969 we j found this beautiful home built a school. in 1969 we i found this beautiful home in the city of niagara falls. we thought it was ideal. in 1976 there was this newspaper article about the chemicals that are buried there. my
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initial reaction was that niagara falls was a chemical city and i didn't think too much about it, unfortunately. however, later on the chemicals started running down the storm sewers and they were emptying out into my backyard. exceptionally heavy rainfall two years ago began a horrifying process which led to pools of vowel smelling chemicals bubbling up to the surface of the ground. people who walked in the paulls valley shoes burn through, dogs became sick and lame, underneath the ground the drums containing the chemicals had rotted through. 0n 2 august of 1978, in the first notice of evacuation came out, for 239 houses that were sitting directly on the canal itself. , , ., . itself. they built a fence around the _ itself. they built a fence around the deserted i itself. they built a fence i around the deserted houses to keep— around the deserted houses to keep people away from the chemicals, but the poisons themselves are no respect as boundaries. beyond the
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evacuated area, hundreds more families— evacuated area, hundreds more families live in houses held to be outside the danger zone. my son be outside the danger zone. sonjohn be outside the danger zone. t’t sonjohn was be outside the danger zone. tj�*i sonjohn was sick be outside the danger zone. m1: son john was sick and i went sonjohn was sick and i went back and forth to the hospital. he would be sent home and as soon as he would come home again he would be exposed to the chemicals and he would again have an attack. in october of 1978john passed away unexpectedly. i became active with the love canal homeowners association. they called us the hysterical housewives. sure, you are going to be hysterical when you see what's in front of you and they are telling you there's nothing wrong. are telling you there's nothing wron. �* , ., ., are telling you there's nothing wron. �* , . ., ., . wrong. beverly pagan, a cancer research specialist, _ wrong. beverly pagan, a cancer research specialist, began i wrong. beverly pagan, a cancer research specialist, began to i research specialist, began to map— research specialist, began to map out _ research specialist, began to map out the incidence of illness— map out the incidence of illness in the still occupied
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houses _ illness in the still occupied houses roundabout. this is nervous — houses roundabout. this is nervous breakdowns, i houses roundabout. this is nervous breakdowns, we i houses roundabout. this is i nervous breakdowns, we then plotted — nervous breakdowns, we then plotted suicides, _ nervous breakdowns, we then plotted suicides, these - nervous breakdowns, we then plotted suicides, these pinki plotted suicides, these pink dots— plotted suicides, these pink dots are _ plotted suicides, these pink dots are hyperactivity, i plotted suicides, these pink dots are hyperactivity, the i plotted suicides, these pink. dots are hyperactivity, the red ones _ dots are hyperactivity, the red ones are — dots are hyperactivity, the red ones are epilepsy. _ dots are hyperactivity, the red ones are epilepsy. we - dots are hyperactivity, the red ones are epilepsy. we have i dots are hyperactivity, the red i ones are epilepsy. we have here miscarriages _ ones are epilepsy. we have here miscarriages in _ ones are epilepsy. we have here miscarriages in the _ miscarriages in the neighbourhood i miscarriages in the i neighbourhood and then miscarriages in the _ neighbourhood and then these two pink— neighbourhood and then these two pink are _ neighbourhood and then these two pink are stillborn - neighbourhood and then these two pink are stillborn babies. a that — two pink are stillborn babies. a that point _ two pink are stillborn babies. a that point it— two pink are stillborn babies. a that point it was _ two pink are stillborn babies. a that point it was the - two pink are stillborn babies. . a that point it was the theatre of the homeowners. she took two epa officials hostage. they held them all day long. finally, president carter said he would discuss funds for evacuation. i think one of the biggest things about our legacy is the fact that you can actually fight government and you can win. ~ ., ., . ., ., win. we want out! we want out! the love canal— win. we want out! we want out!
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the love canal residence - the love canal residence inspired many grassroots environmental campaigns are followed and led to the formation of the super fund campaign in the us which helps clean up toxic sites. that is all from this special edition of witness history. we will be back soon with more first—hand accounts of extraordinary moment in history. but, for now, from me and the rest of the witness history team, goodbye. hello. well, the weather's quiet out there right now, and that's how it's going to stay through the course of the weekend. we have some sunny spells in the forecast, but, generally speaking, i think a fair amount of cloud on the way. and it is going to be mild and a particularly mild morning, way above the average for the time of the year. now, this cloud is a low pressure which swept across the country during the course of friday. here is early hours of saturday out in the north sea.
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and in its legacy, this high pressure here, this ridge of high pressure, builds in. but it's also a fairly cloudy area of high pressure. some breaks in the cloud through the night, around scotland, maybe the lake district, into lancashire, but further south pretty overcast. and look at those temperatures — 11 degrees in the south, seven degrees in the north. it should be closer to between three and six degrees, really, this time of the year. so here's the weather for saturday, sunshine developing across central areas of the uk. in fact, some areas could end up being quite sunny, but either side of that, in the east and the west, i think a fair bit of cloud. really mild, 14 degrees in the south, around 12 or 13 in the north. so high pressure stays in charge of the weather through the course of the weekend, but this weather front starts to nudge in during the course of sunday, so there will be some rain around in the western isles, but the vast majority of us a dry day. and again, sunny spells possible almost anywhere on remembrance sunday. and again, look at the temperatures — 14 in london, 14 in belfast, a little bit fresher there in scotland, 11 degrees. the average is closer to around ten, 12 this time of the year, so we're not massively above the average during the day. again, it's the nights that are really, really mild. here's monday's
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weather forecast. bit of a change. some rain getting in, light, though, into perhaps northern parts of england, maybe wales too, but generally speaking, it stays on the mild side and dry for most of us, at least. so i think a cloudier day at least on the way for monday. and then tuesday, perhaps a little bit of rain getting into scotland as well, but from around wednesday onwards, that's when the weather is expected to turn a little bit more unsettled. but on the whole, looking at the picture, it could be a lot worse this time of the year. it is a spell of relatively quiet weather upon us right now. bye— bye.
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welcome to bbc news. i'm alice baxter. our top stories: a last push for a meaningful agreement: cop26 continues talks into saturday. the man in charge calls for a "can—do" spirit. we have come a long way over the past two weeks and now, we need that final injection of that can—do spirit which is present at this cop, so that we get this shared endeavour over the line. trump ally steve bannon indicted on two counts of contempt of congress over the investigation into the attack on the capitol. hundreds of migrants trapped on the belarus border in the middle of a political stand—off.
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