this is bbc world news. i'm rich preston. our top stories: hospitals overwhelmed in sierra leone after a hundred people are killed in a fuel tanker explosion. many more are injured. us police are investigating reports that someone at a houston music festival was injecting people with drugs before the crowd stampeded. rapper travis scott was on stage at the time. the death of a pregnant woman sparks protests in poland against the country's near—total ban on abortion. she's said to be the first woman to die as a result of the law. and demonstrations around the world demanding urgent action to combat climate change as the cop26 summit continues.
hello and welcome to bbc news. sierra leone's vice—president says the state will provide economic assistance to the families of a hundred people killed on friday when a fuel tanker exploded in the capital, freetown. the city's hospitals have been overwhelmed by the number of people injured. umaru fofana reports from freetown. the blast happened in eastern freetown after a truck rammed into a petrol tanker. people rushed to collect the leaking fuel, causing a heavy traffic jam, according to eyewitness accounts. there was a vast explosion, leaving fireballs spreading through the crowds. vehicles in the traffic jam were set alight. hospitals in freetown are overwhelmed with injured people, many in critical condition.
most of the dead have been taken to the central mortuary. we started transporting bodies from 11 until 4:00. the last set of bodies, i had to convey them with some soldiers to the morgue, for us to get a total headcount. just outside here are anxious relatives who have been asked to come and identify their loved ones. obviously, some of the bodies are beyond recognition, so that's going to be very tricky for them to do, but also a very emotional scene here. some of them have moved from hospital to hospital, trying to see if their loved ones are actually either admitted or, in fact, dead. on behalf of the president, the government and the entire people of sierra leone, we sympathise... the country's vice—president called the incident a national disaster. police, soldiers and firefighters have worked through the night to clear the scene. rescuers expect the death toll to mount. umaru fofana, bbc news, freetown. police investigating
a deadly crush at a music festival in the us state of texas have opened a criminal investigation, following reports that fans were being injected with drugs. eight people died at astroworld festival on friday night, after the tightly—packed crowd surged towards the stage. the bbc�*s nomia iqbal has this report, and a warning that it does contain some flashing images. after the pandemic kept people away last year, fans turned up for the festival in texas in their thousands but on the first night of the two—day event, something went wrong. a crowd surged towards the stage as rapper travis scott performed. it's not clear what set the crowd in motion. the injured were given medical help, while the music continued, many not realising what happened. the performance was eventually stopped, as a mass casualty
incident was declared. the crowd began to compress towards the front of the stage, 0k, and that caused some panic, and it started causing some injuries, people began to fall out, become unconscious. seven of those who died were aged between 1a and 27. others were taken to hospital with cardiac arrest. this has not happened to us ever in houston, since i've been a police officer. we take pride of it and we're going to get down to the bottom. a lot of narratives out there right now. a lot of them. on social media, and even last night. i think that all of us need to be respectful of the families. police have also confirmed they're looking into reports of some individuals being injected with a drug, and say this is now a criminal investigation. people who were at the festival have been speaking about the chaos. there were people pushing back—and—forth.
it was like a ripple effect, one person pushed and the whole crowd went forward, and then they went back, so it was going every other way. astroworld was founded by travis scott, who is from houston. he is the partner of kyliejenner, one of the world's highest paid social media influencers. in a statement, travis scott said he's absolutely devastated about what's happened. he thanked the emergency services for their response in helping everyone affected and said he is committed to working with officials to find out what went wrong. nomia iqbal, bbc news, north america. a short time ago, travis scott released a video to his fans on instagram. i want to send out prayers to the ones, the ones who are lost last night.
identify the families so help them through these tough times. my fans, my fans really mean the world to me and i always just really want to leave them with a positive experience and any time i can make out anything that is going on, i would stop the show. and help them get the help they need, you know? i could just never imagine the severity of this situation. well, earlier i spoke to steve adelman, who's a lawyer and vice president of the event safety alliance. i asked what his take was on what could have gone so badly wrong. i think we don't know what went badly wrong yet, we just know the outcome which obviously was horrible and unacceptable but as for why, why did a crowd that was functioning well enough suddenly become a mass casualty event, it's too soon. there are so many, as you correctly reported, different narratives going on. we don't know what caused the transformation from a crowd
of people standing, watching music to a crowd that was falling on top of each other and crushing some people. are incidents like this, and in the united states? no. thankfully, they are not common anywhere. we recognise these incidents as horrible precisely because they are unusual. in the uk, we are obviously familiar with this. the hillsborough tragedy is etched in people's memory. this is something that is exceptionally unusual and one of the things it points out is that there are many, many, many events that happen without incident that look a lot like this one, so the investigation now is, why did this incident happened, what was different about this event from all the others that are configured very similarly? when planning for music festivals and events of this nature, what are some of the measures that are put
in place to mitigate against things like this? that is the key, what are the measures and when are they planned? planning involves identifying what are the reasonably foreseeable risks for this particular event, in this time of year and this location, and once one has triaged the reasonably foreseeable risks, finding the resources to mitigate those risks. so, the answer to your question is, security guards, barricades, law enforcement. medical. creating a communication system such that people who have an eye on close circuit tv cameras can communicate with people who are on the ground in the middle of fans but who may not have a good vantage point. all of those and many other risk mitigation measures are common and important, not only at this event, but at all events. what happens when a crowd crush like this occurs? what we're doing right
now, which is trying to make sense of something that makes no sense. trying to figure out what happened to cause this event of people standing, listening to music. that is a safe thing to do. what created the unsafe change? and how long was it until there was a response that could help mitigate some of the calamity that resulted? let's get some of the day's other news. security officials in iraq say the prime minister has survived an assassination attempt. rockets from a drone hit his home in the high security green zone of baghdad early on sunday. it comes a day after violent clashes between security forces and supporters of pro—iranian
political groups in the capital. police in southern germany say three people have been seriously wounded in a knife attack on a high speed train. a man has been detained, and police believe there's no further danger to the public. the train was travelling between the bavarian cities of regensburg and nuremberg. the polish government has denied that the country's strict abortion laws are responsible for the recent death of a 30—year—old woman, who had complications with her pregnancy but wasn't able to get a termination. huge protests have been held in warsaw, and other polish cities, calling for the near total ban on abortion to be scrapped. poland is one of the most devoutly catholic countries in europe. courtney bembridge has this report. crowd chanting. chanting, "not one more," tens of thousands of protesters marched to the health ministry in warsaw after the death of a pregnant woman reignited the debate over the country's strict
abortion laws. it's been a year since poland's constitutional court ruled in favour of a near—total ban on abortion. protesters are highlighting the recent case of a 30—year—old woman who died halfway through her pregnancy. her family says doctors had been aware of severe foetal defects but refused to perform an abortion while the foetus still had a heartbeat, fearing repercussions. this is what we call the �*frozen effect'. that the doctors will be afraid to perform abortions so, in theory, abortion is legal in poland now, under the premise that a woman's life and health is in danger, but in theory we see many cases when the doctors wait until the last moment and they are afraid because they know they will be facing legal charges. translation: iza said to a woman _ in the hospital room, "i want to live, "i have someone to live for. "i don't want to die." iza did not receive help because she was pregnant, because the heart of
the foetus was still beating. the polish government denies the law is to blame and says an investigation is under way into the two doctors involved but these protesters claim there are similar cases happening right across the country and they say there will be many more unless the ban is scrapped. courtney bembridge, bbc news. marches have been taking place in more than 200 cities around the world as part of what's been described as the global day of action for climate justice. tens of thousands of people took to the streets of glasgow where the un's cop—26 climate talks are taking place. lorna gordon has this report from glasgow: even the driving rain couldn't keep them away. this, the biggest protest march through glasgow during cop. some had travelled just a short distance to get here, others were from the sharp end of the changing climate. i come from the philippines, and i am an indigenous
person from the mountains. this is personally important to me because climate change is killing my people. if the climate summit has so far focused on the decisions made by world leaders and their teams gathered here in glasgow, today is about the people, the thousands gathered, calling for change. discussions inside cop today focusing on nature. tough topics loom large for the days ahead. i don't have many expectations for the official cop conference but hopefully all this, people getting together, will put some pressure on the decision—makers. whatever we can do, we want to contribute. i want to be on the right sidel of history and i think that one day we will look back at this and hopefully feel proud - of ourselves that we are here. i don't know where we will be in ten years, in 20 years, so i'm out here, so is my mum, my gran, my grandad, everybody�*s out here. i don't believe it until i see any results. there is no law binding commitments
so we willjust have to see it. the afternoon was mostly peaceful, but there were a small number of arrests, including this group of scientists blocking a bridge. organisers of today's events say there were over 300 climate demonstrations worldwide, from the streets of london... ..to here in amsterdam... ..to sydney in australia. we just want to ask you, from our heart, for your support. and people from around the world calling for action from those in charge... i know it's a big deal, to get together the 196 countries, to say, yes, that is what we are going to do. i wish that we can do that, that it happens here. those marching here today will be hoping for positive news during the final week of talks,
that it's not too late to deliver the substantial change they want. lorna gordon, bbc news, glasgow. as we've heard, one of the complaints from young people is that leaders have been all talk and no action when it comes to climate change. one country has decided to illustrate the impact of climate change in a different way. this is the foreign minister of tuvalu, a nation under threat because of rising sea levels. he recorded the video knee deep because of the video knee deep because of the rising ocean level. the images that have been shared on social media. this is bbc news. a reminder of our headlines: hospitals overwhelmed after 100 people are killed in a fuel tanker explosion in sierra leone many more are injured. an investigation is underway into reports that someone at a houston music festival in the us was injecting people with drugs before
the crowd stampeded. president biden�*s efforts to introduce mandatory vaccines for businesses in the united states have been blocked, for the time being. an appeal court raised constitutional issues over a new law requiring employees of large private companies to be vaccinated against covid—i9 or tested weekly. many republican states have filed legal challenges, accusing the president of overstepping his authority. mr biden says it is about setting a national standard of safety at work. i've been speaking to sonia gipson rankin, a law professor at the university of new mexico. i asked her about the legal issues at the heart of the matter. so, we are at a pretty unique moment. as of friday, the united states department of labour occupational safety and health administration released their official regulations called an emergency temporary standards, and what they said was that, as you just mentioned, everyone must be vaccinated or agree to weekly testing, and if you're not vaccinated, weekly testing and wearing a mask. the response that is coming from the petitioners,
and this is a group of states, private organisations, religious organisations, have argued that osha is exceeding their federal limits, that they're impeding on interstate commerce and they're really stepping into things that belong to the states to decide, and that this is outside of the boundaries of workplace safety. osha you mentioned there, the occupational safety and health administration. so what is the test that the court needs to determine where federal authority begins and ends? well, we're going to be at a place, this is little bit tricky because this is happening in the fifth circuit in the united states, the fifth circuit court of appeals, but there are other cases being raised around the nation.
what happens next is the test to ask is this in the purview of osha, is this something that addresses workplace safety? in the united states at this time over 745,000 people have died, 1,100 people are dying related every day related to covid—19 infections. and so does this in some way, as it will impact 81 million employees, 32 million that are not vaccinated, does this fall into the purview of something that osha should be looking it? both sides have filed paperwork. what happens next, what kind of timescale are we looking it? well, we're in a little bit of a tricky space once again because this is just the regulations that have come out. nothing's supposed to actually take effect untiljanuary 24 of 2022. so what we're looking at is, as you said, both sides have filed and the litigation will attempt to go to the us
supreme court but we will see what happens over the next few weeks because the united states supreme court has denied hearing petitions over vaccination mandates. this will be a bit different as the defendant here is the united states. the people of nicaragua are going to the polls on sunday in what the united states has called a "sham" election. president daniel ortega is widely expected to maintain his grip on power, after clamping down on his political opponents. from neighbouring costa rica, will grant sent this report. if this were a normal election, the people of nicaraguans would be reflecting on a long, hard fought campaign and deciding who to install as the next president. however, this is far from a normal vote. nor, critics say, is it a legitimate one. this year, president daniel ortega has arrested more than 35 opposition figures, including seven presidential candidates under a draconian treason law. others have been forced into exile.
in the toothless electoral fight that remains, he's all but guaranteed victory. president ortega and his wife, the vice president rosario murillo, say those arrested were guilty of terrorism and sedition, calling them criminals who attacked their country. from neighbouring costa rica, exiled opponents have urged their countrymen to boycott the vote, hoping abstention will send the sandinista government a message. translation: on the 7th| of november, nicaraguans will say no to this electoral farce, no to ortega's kidnappings, and as long as our nicaraguan brothers still in our country close door in the dictatorship, those of us in exile will raise our voices for those who are kidnapped. and it's notjust exiled candidates who can't reach nicaragua, as daniel ortega essentially holds this vote behind closed doors. the government of daniel ortega has told us we are not allowed into nicaragua to cover this election.
that's no meaningful opposition candidates, no international election observers and now no foreign media either. critics say this is an election in name only. while some can't enter nicaragua, others are desperate to leave. there's been a sharp rise in the numberfleeing ortega's autocratic rule, including hundreds who joined a migrant caravan slowly making its way across southern mexico. since 2018, when more than 300 were killed in anti—ortega protests, the us has ramped up sanctions on the government, but many say they're ineffective in forcing change. this then will be a vote largely for ortega loyalists. when the president is surely re—elected in a landslide, his supporters will claim it was free and fair and dismiss criticism as an international
plot against him. in reality, after 1a consecutive years of daniel ortega and his wife in power, this vote will consolidate their increasingly repressive and dynastic rule. will grant, bbc news, costa rica. the us navy has launched a ship named after a gay rights activist who was forced to resign from the service because of his sexuality in the 1950s. the oil tanker, harvey milk, was formally christened in san diego in a ceremony attended by navy secretary, carlos del toro. he said his presence was necessary notjust to amend the wrongs of the past but to give inspiration to all lgbt leaders who served in uniform. archaeologists excavating the roman site of pompeii in italy say they've discovered a room used by slaves, which they say gives an extraordinary insight into their daily lives. nina nanji reports. a window into how slaves lived in ancient pompeii. it's a cramped space
with three wooden beds. one smaller bed is possibly a child's, indicating that the room could have housed a family. the room was found during an excavation of a large villa on the outskirts of pompeii. the city was engulfed in a volcanic eruption nearly 2000 years ago, burying it and its residents in ash. translation: it is an exceptional cross—section of the life and daily work of a part of the ancient population that is little known through official sources, always seen from the point of view of the elite and here instead, we see the lives of slaves, servants, people of a very low social status. the room is exceptionally well preserved. there are earthen red jars, ceramicjugs and a wooden chest containing metal and fabric objects thought to be part of a horse's harness. casts were created of the perishable items
using impressions they had left in the hardened ash. the ruins of pompeii remain a rich source for archaeologists. it is a city frozen in time and one of italy's most visited tourist attractions. nina nanji, bbc news. for weeks now we've been telling you about the ongoing situation in la palma, as a volcano on the island continues to spew out smoke and lava. it's caused massive disruption and destroyed more than 2,000 properties. but it hasn't deterred one plucky band of tourists, as the bbc�*s tim allman explains. come to la palma and see the sights — well, one rather big sight in particular. now, if you wanted to take part in a classic car rally, an island in the midst of a volcanic eruption may not seem like the ideal venue, but do not underestimate the members of the canaries grand tour. money. volcano. sex. it is truly amazing. i mean, as long as it is going off and nobody�*s being hurt too much, then it's fantastic, the power of nature.
it truly is. this is part of a 19—day adventure that covers all of the canary islands but clearly la palma was going to be a bit different. some bringing newer, less valuable cars just to be on the safe side. almost ready to go. just get the roof down so we can get all the volcanic ash in ourfaces — that's the plan. i've seen some other active volcanoes — hawaii, new zealand — so it would be nice to see. this rally is described as an opportunity to take the road less well—travelled but add in a giant volcano and it becomes a once—in—a—lifetime experience. tim allman, bbc news. you can reach me on twitter. i'm @richpreston.
hello. saturday's cloud and rain moving south was only one part of the weather picture. the other was the strengthening wind, and close to this low pressure, northern scotland will get off to a stormy start on sunday morning. there could be some travel disruption, as severe gales move through, and still some outbreaks of rain, whereas much of the rest of the uk, although it is still breezy, will get off to a dry start. cloudy skies in the west, and it's mild, temperatures around 6—11 degrees celsius. just focus on the winds, though, on sunday morning, particularly across orkney and northeast scotland, here some gusts 60—70mph here, maybe a little bit more exposed coasts and hills with some large waves on some of the coasts as well. so some disruptive strong winds to begin the day. slowly easing as the day goes on. still a few showers moving through here. maybe one or two showers with the cloud across the western side of the uk, but most places, as high pressure begins to move in,
will have a dry sunday. the best of any sunny spells in the east. these temperatures are a little down on saturday's readings, but still on the mild side of average. now, as we go on through sunday evening and night, we will find some clear spells through eastern parts of scotland and down the eastern side of england. and this will allow for a touch of frost in the coldest spots, as temperatures drop close to freezing. we will keep the cloud in the west. the temperatures hold up here, and it is a mainly dry night to come. we have another weather system coming our way. this area of low pressure, the weather fronts around it, and it will gradually take this weather front southwards across the uk. it will take a lot of the week to do so. it will slowly bring in some outbreaks of rain across northern ireland on monday, into scotland, especially the north and west. could see some reaching into parts of northwest england and wales as well. whereas the rest of wales and england will stay mainly dry. some sunny spells in eastern england, around 11 celsius here, feeling rather chilly. whereas in belfast, up to 1a celsius. the breeze freshening again across northwestern areas. here comes the weather front slowly moving southwards as the week goes on. but we will maintain a west or south—westerly flow
this is bbc news, the headlines: around a hundred people have died after a massive explosion when a fuel tanker collided with a lorry in sierra leone's capital, freetown. fuel spilled before igniting and the resulting fire engulfed crowds of people and vehicles at a busyjunction. the vice—president has called it a national disaster. police investigating a deadly crush at a music festival in the us state of texas say they're looking into reports that someone in the crowd was injecting others with drugs. eight people died in the stampede at the music festival in houston, when fans pushed towards the stage, causing panic. marches have been taking place in more than 200 cities around the world as part of what's been described as the global day of action for climate justice. tens of thousands of people took to the streets of glasgow, where the un's cop—26 climate talks are taking place.