this is bbc news with the latest headlines for viewers in the uk and around the world. climate activist greta thunberg leads thousands of young demonstrators through the streets of glasgow to demand that world leaders take stronger action at the summit on climate change. we have had decades of blah, blah, blah. our leaders are not leading, this is what leadership looks like! the chairman and two board members of yorkshire county cricket resign over the racism row which has engulfed the club. the united nations security council calls for an end to the fighting in ethiopia — asking both sides to refrain from the use of hate speech.
the swedish climate activist greta thunberg has accused world leaders of deliberately postponing much needed drastic action against global warming and said they were fighting instead to keep the status quo. addressing thousands of young people at a rally in glasgow, she called the cop26 climate summit — a �*failure�* — and little more that a celebration of �*business as usual�*. here's our scotland editor sarah smith. a rare opportunity for protesters to loudly deliver a message, almost within earshot of the global decision makers gathered in glasgow. greta thunberg, who inspired the fridays for future movement, says those leaders have so far failed to deliver.
young kids, inspired by greta, have drawn their own pictures of her. i know that she put out a sign. and then everybody else started following her, just like this. how do you talk to children this age about climate change without scaring them too much? i don't have to. they themselves are aware. they know about plastic, about pollution, about air pollution. as the government announced measures to put climate at the heart of education, kids — mostly with their parents�* permission — were skipping school to take part in this youth protest. your sign says "now means now, not later". why did you write that? i wrote that because they're saying we need to do this now, we need to get this now, we're going to sort this now, but they are not sorting it. they're just going to make promises they can't keep. do you think that's what the world leaders at cop are doing? making promises that you don't think they're going to keep? yes, this has happened
a lot of times before. people say they're going to do things and they don't make enough change to actually have an impact. i'm really hoping that the folk in cop, drinking their tea, - are listening, and they're listening to what we say and trying - to make a change. do not think they're trying to achieve the same thing as you, to lower carbon emissions and save the planet? yeah... i don't know. i think they are trying, i but we're trying harder. so far at this cop, there have been commitments to reverse deforestation, cut methane emissions, and promise more money than ever before to tackle climate change. greta thunberg, who's at the front, doesn't seem very impressed with the progress of cop so far. what do you think? i think it's fair enough. you know, it's cop26. i'm 26 years old, it's been 26 years and no progress has been made and our carbon emission keeps increasing. we need action. on stage, ms thunberg dismissed cop26 as a pr exercise. this is no longer a climate conference, this is now a global greenwash festival.
a two—week long celebration of business as usual and blah, blah, blah. they cannot ignore the scientific consensus. and, above all, they cannot ignore us, the people — including their own children. tomorrow, even larger crowds are expected, hoping to keep up the pressure before the final week of climate negotiations. sarah smith, bbc news, glasgow. chanting: no more pollution, we need a revolution! - some locations have to grapple with the consequences of the changing climate every day. people living in a village on an island in northern alaska face being forced out of their homes by rising sea levels. alaska is home to rapidly retreating glaciers where the rate of melting is among the fastest on the planet. our climate editorjustin rowlatt has been to see what's happening. we are here in alaska because this place, in a way, is the kind of canary in the mine for the climate issue. because temperatures are so close to freezing, if you raise them only a little bit you get really big changes. so ice that used to remain frozen, and snow that used to fall and then stay until the spring or the summer is now melting or melting earlier.
and that is driving profound changes here in alaska as i have been discovering. the top of our world is changing. warming twice as fast as the rest of the planet. and it is destroying communities. yeah, my house used to be about 20 feet out where you see the water breaks. this island is on the front line of climate change. as temperatures rise, less sea ice forms, exposing the coast. it is getting later and later every year, for this ocean to freeze up. it is tough. but you have got to keep going. as the climate changes, the animals and fish that people here used to live on are getting harder to find.
right now we are supposed to be fishing in the lagoon and up - the river, now we have got a week, until like, december, january, - to start going up there. parts of the main road have washed away and now the airstrip that is the community's lifeline to the outside world is threatened. if it gets to the runway, then we can't use it any more. we use the runway for medevacs, we use the runway for getting all our food flown in. the plan is to move the entire town onto the mainland. it will cost an estimated $180,000,000, but, says dennis, they have got no choice. the climate is changing so fast, and the storms are getting more violent, you know, ice is not forming and the water is warming. i mean, i would say within the next five or ten years this will all be covered. easy.
just that one or 2 degrees makes a big difference. and alaska isn'tjust struggling to cope with its new climate reality on the coast. a century ago, the glacier came all the way down here, the entire valley was frozen and as recently as the 1980s, they built this visitor centre, because you could still see the glacier in the valley. since then, it has completely retreated around the corner and you cannot see it at all. we are almost around - the corner, you should be able to see the glacier. these days, if you want to see the ice, it is now a tough hike up and over a high pass. this is all that remains of the once mighty glacier and mountain glaciers are notjust melting here in alaska, they are melting all over the world, potentially affecting millions of people who depend on ice for their water supply. if we did not have glaciers, - we are no longer going to have drinking water for our cities.
we might not have any hydro power potential and especially— for agricultural needs, _ we would have water only maybe during the winter months and not during the summer months. - for the dry periods, - there would be no water. back here, alfred is struggling to come to terms with the idea that his home will soon be gone. this place means a lot to me, because it has got a lot of heritage, a lot of good people, while we are here we just have to keep our traditions going. try to keep going strong. it isn't easy to let go of the place where you have spent your entire life, but if greenhouse gas emissions are not cut rapidly, it is something many millions more people are likely to have to face. so, really profound changes here in alaska. and it points to a much bigger picture, and when i say much bigger, i mean really big! because what climate experts are saying is that the
rising temperatures we are seeing could be taking the earth out of the cycle of ice ages that we have been in for the last couple of million yea rs. pushing us into a new, and uncertain, climate reality. he told me he saw an eagle flying past just he told me he saw an eagle flying pastjust before he recorded that, so he was quite excited. the un security council has expressed deep concern about the intensifying conflict in ethiopia. it came as nine rebel groups formed a new alliance, aimed at removing the current government of prime minister abiy ahmed. the year—long was has left over 400 thousand people facing famine—like conditions. our africa correspondent, catherine byaru hanga has this report. in washington, dc a coalition of armed groups and political movements announce they want to remove ethiopians government. many of them come from historically marginalised ethnic groups. now with a stronger to great peoples fund which has been fighting federal forces for a year.
the next step would be to organise ourselves and totally dismantle the existing government either by force or by negotiation, whatever they wish. and then transitional government as soon as possible. but back home the governments they opposed led by the prime minister is defiant. and dismissed the alliance is a publicity stunt. pushing back his claims as undemocratic. it's quite worrisome that many allegations being lodged against the government being done son in an matter to discredit a tablet two democratically elected majority support. this majority support was demonstrated in a landslide victory following the 2021 elections. ethiopians government continues to be tested. it's lost significant towns and cities to tigre and rebel forces
who are advancing towards the cup to net capital. they came to hold territory three km north on one of africa's biggest cities. on tuesday the government declared a state of emergency and urge citizens to arm themselves against its opponents. but there are fears the tough measures are being used to detain ethic to grands because of claims they support the rebels. police took my brother with his friends while they were having dinner in a restaurant. all of them were from tigre. they usually ask you to show id and it indicates that you are from tigray they immediately take you to prison. it's hard to speak at any place in the city because we don't feel safe. the government says arrest will only made after obtaining evidence of illegal activities.
ethiopians year long war has created one of the world's worst humanitarian crisis. over 7 million people need emergency aid and for 100,000 are on the brink of salmon. yet the warring sides are not listening to international calls to end the war. stay with us on bbc news, still to come. prosecutors in georgia allege that ahmaud arbery, an unarmed blackjogger killed last year, came �*under attack�* from the three white men who confronted him. the israeli prime minister yitzhak rabin, the architect of the middle east peace process has been assassinated. a 27—year—old jewish man has been arrested, and an extremistjewish organisation has claimed responsibility for the killing.
at polling booths throughout the country, they voted on a historic day for australia. as the results came in, it was clear. the monarchy would survive. of the american hostages there was no sign, they are being held somewhere inside the compound, and student leaders are threatened, that should the americans attempt rescue, they will all die. this mission has surpassed all expectations. _ voyager one is now the most distant man—made object - anywhere in the universe, - and itjust seems to keep on going. tonight we proved once more that the true strength of our nation comes not from the might of our arms or the scale of our wealth, but from the enduring power of our ideals. this is bbc news, the latest headlines... swedish activist greta thunberg has branded the cop26 climate conference a "failure", describing it as a global greenwashing festival.
the ethiopian government has dismissed the threat posed by a new alliance of nine rebel factions — despite their advance towards the capital. the trial of three men accused of murdering a black man while he was outjogging has begun in the us state of georgia. the death in february last year of 25—year—old ahmaud arbery sparked protests across the us. further controversy has followed after a nearly—all white jury was selected for the trial — in which the defendants have pleaded not guilty. our north america correspondent aleem maqbool is in brunswick, georgia, and sent this report. as the trial opened, video of ahmaud arbery�*s final moments was played. all too much for his mother, who let out a cry. sitting in front of her in the foreground here, the man who pulled the trigger. this was the video they were watching — three armed white men had pursued ahmaud, saying he resembled a burglary suspect. they cornered him and
shot and killed him. ahmaud arbery, an avid runner, had been jogging through this area just a short distance from his own home when the men decided tojump into their trucks and give chase. their own statements show one of the men involved in the killing of this 25—year—old used a racial slur as he lay dying. sadly, murals of unarmed black men who have been shot and killed are now dotted in towns and cities right across this country, but in ahmaud arbery�*s case he didn't die at the hands of the police but at the hands of people who believed they could act as an extension of law enforcement and do what they like — and that, after his death, appears to be precisely how the police treated them. that's fine, that's fine. there's body—cam footage that's too distressing to show, where we see ahmaud arbery writhing on the ground dying, not being given attention. throughout the encounter police provide comfort to the men who killed him. do what you need to do, man.
that's...| can only imagine... they certainly don't appear to be treated as murder suspects. you're not putting me in cuffs, are you? no, no, no. why would you be in cuffs? well... in fact it was only ten weeks later, after protests when the video of the killing taken by one of the men went viral, that travis mcmichael and his father greg and roddie bryan were even arrested. they were eventually charged and now go to trial. you can intentionally and deliberately kill another person in self—defence and not have committed murder. you would be not guilty. and it's still self—defence if they chased him? that's because they were attempting to execute a citizen's arrest. ahmaud's case has already led to the scrapping of a civil war—era citizen's arrest law in georgia. before the trial started, his mother told me she hoped somehow good would come out of this tragedy. i hope that in losing ahmaud that people that look like ahmaud
would be able to jog, they'd be able to run, they'd be able to do whatever and be free and not to be worried about being chased with guns and killed. for the trial — taking place in a city that's majority black — there will be only one african—americanjuror, and here it appears easier to overturn laws than to change the attitudes that undoubtedly contributed to ahmaud's death. aleem maqbool, bbc news, brunswick, georgia. a memorial service has been held at washington's national cathedral for the late colin powell, who died last month. presidentjoe biden was among those attending, along with former presidents barack obama and george w bush. powell was the first black us secretary of state, a retired army general and a former national security adviser. he died at the age of 84 due to complications from covid—i9.
the row over racism at yorkshire — one of english cricket's most famous clubs has intensified with the resignation of its chairman. the worst crisis in the club's history has been sparked by a year long investigation that found former player azeem rafiq had been the victim of racial harrassment and bullying. but no disciplinary action was taken. former england captain michael vaughan was one of those named in the investigation — accused of making a racist comment to a group of asian players — something he strongly denies. the bbc says he won't present a "5 live" radio cricket programme next week. here's our sports editor dan roan. the racism that cricketer azeem rafiq suffered at yorkshire has plunged the county into an unprecedented crisis. today, as the fallout continued, the chairman bowed to intense pressure and in his first interview after announcing his resignation, roger hutton told me that the club
had let their former player down. i am sorry that he did not have his allegations investigated in 2018. i am sorry that it has taken so long. i am sorry that ultimately the club has not shown the right contrition. i have not personally met anyone that i would consider a racist at yorkshire county cricket club. what i have seen is a culture that is locked in the past. amid more resignations at headingley today, hutton blamed senior management who, he said, resisted change after a report found rafiq had suffered racial harassment. there was a failure by many in the club to accept its findings or understand them or recognise them and since then that has been incredibly frustrating. the england and wales cricket board punished yorkshire by banning headingley from hosting england matches, but hutton said it should have done more to support the investigation. i heard a statement last night from the ecb that they repeatedly offered to help me and yorkshire county
cricket club do this investigation. that could not be further from the truth. yorkshire batsman gary ballance had admitted repeatedly using a racial slur towards rafiq about his pakistani heritage, but a panel regarded it as friendly banter and no action has been taken against any member of staff, sparking outrage. do you accept that conclusion that they reached? that it was friendly banter? is that how you would deem that expression, that phrase, towards a colleague? if you are using that language, it is completely unacceptable. so why was there not action taken? because you have not seen the context of the whole of the report and the club had legal advice that actually that was not something that you could take disciplinary action in relation to. is ballance the only current member of staff that there has been an allegation upheld against? no. former england captain michael vaughan, meanwhile, has become the second player to reveal he is named in the report, rafiq alleging that he had made a racist comment towards a group of asian players in 2009.
vaughan denies the claim, but today one of those players said he had heard the alleged comment. a prominent pundit, tonight he was stood down from his radio show. in a statement, the bbc said... this all comes at a time when cricket authorities are trying to make the sport more diverse and some fear that this damaging episode may send the game backwards. it is more about trying to get systemic change in a club like yorkshire, which, change has proven to be very difficult and the club, i think, has failed to evolve quick enough in the way that society is changing and our attitudes towards race and racism.
this has been a devastating week for the most successful club in county cricket, but the ramifications of this remarkable saga now extend well beyond headingley. salma bi was the first british muslim woman to play county cricket and has devoted her time to making grassroots sport — and cricket in particular cricket — a more inclusive place. she says racism is quite a disincentive for players of ethnic backgrounds to get into some sports in the uk. a very big problem. i think it affects everything, it takes away a lot of your decisions. ithink... i put myself in the situation and say that for me, if i was put in that situation where i was made not to be felt welcomed, and made me feel that i'm not going to want to play cricket anymore, i don't want to take on this role. and then you worry about generations in front of you.
you think this is why other kids, other asian ethnic minority groups shy away from playing sports, and they can't excel in such a sport because they are not being welcomed, or they had comments made towards them and if feel like they are being harassed and bullied. so it's such a shame that we have come across such an incident, and it has taken so long. and i believe, i still believe that there is going to be positive coming out of this. i'm going to say well done to azeem for standing up and raising his voice. are you saying in your time as a county player, you also encountered behaviour that you would regard was racist or at least disrespectful of your race? i would say... it made things difficult for me because i came from an asian background. i did not have anything directly said to me, but you can feel it in the atmosphere. you can feel that, ok, i'm not going to always fit in because i am probably not taking part in the activities where i am
not staying over after a game, i'm not drinking alcohol, i'm not socialising. it might come across that i'm trying not to fit in, but actually i have my cultural background, i have my barriers and there's things with my family support, i'm going to think about getting home on time. so there was a lot of barriers i had to deal with from coming from a family and challenging that in my community rather than trying to fit in with these girls i was playing alongside. some viewers will be sitting here going, well, the report the cricket club said, the use of the p word, because of the way it was expressed was just banter between friends. are there circumstances that you can imagine where you could conceive of the p word being used and you being able to treat it as just banter? because i think that's an area where it can be a real misunderstanding between people. it is, and i think there is zero tolerance, to be honest.
if you think you are in a workforce environment, and if somebody had used that word again, and that terminology than action would be taken immediately. and it will be very serious, the consequences. i think in sportsmanship... i have had banter with my team—mates, and we have joked about a lot of things. we try, we make sure that it's not around our religion or racism, something that is going to offend somebody. so you have to be careful. then you also think about where is this banter being taught? does it come from schools, is it from home? is this what you think of others? we can all be offensive to each other but what are we getting out of it? before we go, let me bring you the latest pictures at sunset from la palma in the canary islands, where the cumbre vieja volcano continues to spew out lava and ash. it's destroyed more than 2,000 properties on the island since it began erupting in mid september. vulcanologists say deposits
of sulfur have appeared for the first time, indicating a change of dynamics in the eruption. a colleague is back in the caribbean says you can even see the effects out there. hello there. after what was, at times, quite a chilly week of whether the weekend is getting off to a relatively mild but relatively cloudy start. you can see that cloud spilling in from the west on our earlier settlement picture. with that, though this feed of westerly winds and mild air certainly making its presence felt through the day ahead. so we can sum saturday's weather up like this, it will be mild, it will be turning wendy though. increasingly windy, particularly in the north of the uk and for some there will be some outbreaks of rain. courtesy of this area of low pressure and this frontal system pushing in from the northwest. quite heavy bursts of rain across the west side of scotland, that ran more generally pushing south across scotland and northern ireland through the morning. that rain getting down into parts of northwest england and north
i had of that, eastern and southern counties of england will stay predominantly dry, but rather cloudy. limited sunny spells. the skies will brighten in the northwest of the uk, but with some showers and some windy weather later in the afternoon. top temperatures 11 to 14 degrees. it will be mailed out there. during saturday night with see this band of cloud and badgering pushing across the south. moran pushing across the south. moran pushing into the northwest where we'll be turning very windy indeed. exposed by the northern skull and us of when in excess of 60 perhaps 70 mph. that can cause some disruption. relatively mild night once again, eight, nine, ten or” relatively mild night once again, eight, nine, ten or 11 degrees to take us into sunday morning. as we start sunday low pressure passing to the north of the uk, all the white lines and isobars squeezing together. indicative of a windy start. especially in northern scotland, we will keep some showers going through the day. most of the
areas will be dry and there is a decent chance of seeing some spells of sunshine through sunday afternoon. temperatures may be down afternoon. temperatures may be down a little, but so quite mild. ten to 13 degrees. and then as we head for the coming week, high—pressure will try to hold on towards the south of the uk. whereas we will see frontal systems from time to time pushing across northern and western areas. what that means that the driest of the weather we found work to south and east, it causes to that area of high pressure. more chance of rain at times towards the northwest but for all of us it is going to remain mild.
this is bbc news, the headlines. greta thunberg has branded the cop26 climate conference a "failure", telling thousands of protesters in glasgow that world leaders are deliberately postponing much needed action. she said the summit amounted to a global "greenwashing festival". the trial of three men accused of murdering a black man while he was outjogging has begun in the us state of georgia. the death of ahmaud arbery last year sparked protests across the us. the un security council has called for an end to the fighting in ethiopia and for all parties to refrain from inflammatory hate speech. there's been a marked rise in tensions as tigrayan insurgents advance towards the capital, addis ababa. two further board members have joined chairman roger hutton in resigning from yorkshire county cricket club in england, over its response to racism experienced by azeem rafiq. despite a year long enquiry, no disciplinary action was taken.