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tv   Newsday  BBC News  November 3, 2021 12:00am-12:31am GMT

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welcome to newsday, reporting live from singapore, i'm mariko oi. the headlines. leaders at the climate change summit in glasgow, make some progress — in the race to limit global warming. the cop26 host borisjohnson, says it's up to the remaining negotiators to deliver more progress over the next two weeks the eyes of the populations of the world are on you, - and the eyes of the british i government and all the other governments that care about this are on our negotiators. i and we have your numbers. mark carney — the former governor of the bank of england, speaks exclusively to the bbc about the debt right—offs, international finance, will have to make — to obtain net zero.
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what is needed to get us to 1.5 degrees is companies are going to have to notjust say theoretically this is what's going to happen, the actually i do have to write off some of those. immense relief as a four year old girl, missing in australia for more than a fortnight, is found alive and well. and — we'll be talking to one family about we've been driving less and walking _ we've been driving less and walking more and using plant -based — walking more and using plant —based alternatives. and — we'll be talking to one family about the practical changes needed — to play a part in the fight against climate change. welcome to bbc news — broadcasting to viewers
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in the uk and around the world. we begin in glasgow — at the cop26 climate change conference. the uk prime minister and host of the cop 26 climate change conference, borisjohnson, has said he's cautiously optimistic after some progress has been made by nations trying to find ways to reduce the effects of global warming. he added a note of caution though, warning against �*false hope�*. our political editor, laura kuenssberg has been following the day's events. when cultures clash can they still agree? when there is so much difference, there can be dissent. shouting. there are so many faces in glasgow, so many facets of what could be done. mr dicaprio, are you pleased with what has happened this week? hollywood stars might campaign but less developed countries may complain. the united nations fee
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as there is not enough trust to bridge the gaps, but deals are being made. more than 100 leaders signed a promise to stop the destruction of forests in nine years' time. the american president displayed a real sense of progress. we are preparing to wrap on another busy day in scotland. i think we got a lot done. but there are obstacles. he was less than impressed that not every country is willing to be part of the journey. the fact that china, trying to assert a new role in the world as a world leader, not showing up? come on. the single most important thing that has the attention of the world is climate, everywhere. from iceland to australia. it is a gigantic issue. they have walked away. how do you do that and claim to be able to have any leadership now? the same with putin and russia.
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this is how tough it will be. away from the main stage, down a quiet corridor in a tiny office is big resistance. instead of president xi, one of the most powerful people you probably have never heard of in his place. china's climate negotiator. my discussions with john kerry and alok sharma were - highly constructive. we found there were still huge gaps. - he criticised developed countries for not coming up with cash to help the less wealthy go green and won't focusing too much on limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees, as borisjohnson wants, could destroy the consensus. but his attention was cast across as many foreign leaders as possible today. but they have departed now, leaving instructions for their negotiators. around 100 countries have already signed up to cut the potent greenhouse gas
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methane, by nearly a third by the end of the decade. the prime minister can bank progress on clean technology, as well as those promises on methane and forest. but remember, there are good reasons why only a day ago he was warning overall, these talks could fail. i am cautiously optimistic in the sense that on the way to the g20 in rome i said to somebody on the plane, that if this was a football match then the current score would be 5—1 down between humanity and climate change. i think today after talks with around 120 world leaders is that we have pulled back a goal or perhaps even two. and i think we are going to be able to take this thing to extra time, because there is no doubt that some progress has been made. what, or who is going to score the extra two or three goals you need? if there is one thing that gives me confidence, optimism anyway, is that we are starting to create for the countries that find it most difficult to transition away from fossil
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fuels, we are starting to create those coalitions of support. to help them to move on. the first 48—hours here have been frantic and today there has been a flurry of promises that should hypothetically make a difference. but it is now the hard bargaining really starts. remember, borisjohnson wants a deal that keeps global warming within safe limits. but in glasgow right now, it is far too early to be sure if that is in reach. there will be clashes and arguments, different voices and different views. do not underestimate how hard this is. but borisjohnson cannot be sure what may greet him in glasgow if, at the end
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of the summit, he returns. laura kuenssberg, bbc news, glasgow. one of the significant deals approved by more than a hundred countries — is a pledge to cut emissions of methane gas — a major contributor to global warming. the plan is to cut emissions by nearly a third by 2030. less encouraging is that three of the countries responsible for the highest level of emissions — russia, china and india — are not part of this agreement. 0ur science correspondent rebecca morelle has the details. from emissions from cows to rubbish rotting in landfill sites and flares from oil and gas, methane is escaping into the atmosphere. but today, more than 100 countries agreed to cut the gas by 30% in a deal brokered by the united states and the eu.
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we have to cut emissions fast. and methane is one of the glasses we can cut fastest. doing that will immediately slow down climate change. methane is an important greenhouse gas, making up about 20% of global emissions. it's extremely potent and has caused about 50% of current global warming. cutting all methane by a third by 2030 would reduce global temperatures by about 0.3 degrees by 2040. tackling methane from the oil and gas industry will be a priority. the easiest way to reduce emissions is to plug any leaks. you can't see methane unless you use a special camera like this one. it's a colourless, odourless gas. but because it doesn't last for very long in the atmosphere, if you cut methane emissions now, you make a big difference fast. it's why reducing methane is seen as one of the
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easier climate fixes. but there will be challenges. agriculture, including rice production, is one of the biggest emitters of methane. solving that will be much harder. the countries who've signed up to this deal account for about half of global methane emissions. but there are some notable absences — namely china, russia and india — who haven't come on board. to achieve this 30% global target, we will need them to step up. but having more than 100 countries on board, including some of the largest emitters, and covering the vast majority of globally traded natural gas is a very big deal. this shows methane emissions around our planet. now, for the first time, there's a target to cut the greenhouse gas. this is a significant step for the world. rebecca morelle, bbc news, glasgow. mark carney is boris johnson's finance adviser for the conference — and he's been speaking to the bbc�*s christian fraser.
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what you are interested in going to see, though, as government policy toughens up is clearer, fills in the different words the same thing about what is needed to get us to 1.5 degrees is companies are going to notjust say, theoretically this is what's going to happen, but actually i do have to write off some of those. we saw a tiny bit of that earlier last year, about a year ago with some of the major oil companies who wrote off some of those excess reserves thatjust don't make sense in a 1.5 degrees world. but it's a drop in the bucket thus far. i know you are a supporter of the carbon market as a way of generating finance, getting finance to those parts of the world that needed. one of the problems at the moment is what we call carbon leakage, so you get a territory like the eu that puts up the price of carbon, the carbon taxes and becomes more expensive for companies and then companies relocate to another part of
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the world where it is cheaper. do you think there needs to be thought about a global carbon price? ido think... look, first best is we would have a global carbon price. it would not exactly match... the level of the price would be higher, may be in the uk that it is in some sub—saharan developing african or small island state given the resources, but everyone should try to have a price on carbon. i'm not na ve about it, though. i don't think it's going to happen overnight. one of the objectives that president von der leyen and prime minister trudeau, the premise of sweden, the head of the wto, and myself talked about yesterday was to get the coverage of carbon price up to about two thirds of global emissions by the end of this decade. and that will help reduce carbon leakage and of course as you know another issue in the absence of that is that there could be trade barriers put in place. because of and to prevent
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that carbon leakage. let's take a look at some other stories in the headlines. voting has ended in a closely watched election for governor in the us state of virginia. exit polls suggest the race is tight between the democrat, terry mcauliffe, and the republican, glen youngkin. a number of other contests are taking place elsewhere, including for mayors and state legislatures. ethiopia's government has declared a state of emergency, as war intensifies in several regions in the country. officials have urged people in the capital addis ababa to arm themselves, as rebels from the northern tigray region advance towards the south. thousands of people have been killed since the conflict began a year ago. facebook�*s parent company says it's shutting down it's facial recognition system and deleting a billion faceprints — in response to privacy concerns.
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the decision affects a feature that automatically identified people who appear in digital photos. passengers travelling through terminal one at berlin's new airport are being warned not to drink water from any of the taps after potentially harmful bacteria was discovered. the bacteria, coliform, can cause vomiting and diarrhoea. an advisory panel for the us centres for disease control has unanimously recommended that pfizer's covid vaccine be given to children aged five to 11. the regulator — the food and drug administration — has already signed off, and the biden administration plans to distribute 15—million jabs. it could mean that younger children will get their first jabs in days. a four—year—old girl, who went missing from a campsite in the australian outback more than two weeks ago, has been found alive. cleo smith was last seen in her family tent on october 16.
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police on wednesday morning broke into a home 100 kilometres from the campsite, and found the child in one of the rooms. phil mercer has been following the story for us from sydney. "my name is cleo," those four words spoken to police officers who broke into this property have ended a family's nightmare stretching back as you say for more than two weeks. authorities in western australia say that they were acting on a tip off of information leading to this address. we are not sure if a $1 million australia reward was significant in this breakthrough but cleo smith is safe and well and authorities states she has been reunited with their parents. a 36—year—old man with no apparent connexion to the family has been taken into custody and he is still being questioned.
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as you said, a man is in custody. do we know anything more about him? what we do know is that this has been one of western australia's biggest ever missing persons investigations. we have had drones, we have had aircraft and we have had satellite technology and also dozens of investigators trying to hunt down any clue for cleo smith, when she went missing on the 16th of october there was a huge land air and sea search for this little girl. she arrived in the campsite when it was dark on a friday evening, she was in bed by about eight o'clock. sometime during the night she woke her mother up for a drink of water, at 6am she was gone. the police all the way through the investigation believed that this wasn't opportunistic abduction because cleo smith was sleeping in a separate room of the tent with her seven—month—old sister and the door to the tent
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was zipped up to such a height that a child could not have it reached. so that was the basis of this investigation and safe to say that an entire nation is hugely relieved that this little girl has been found safe and well. you're watching newsday on the bbc. still to come on the programme... the family making the practical changes needed — to play a part in the fight against climate change. the israeli prime minister yitzhak rabin, the architect of the middle east peace process has been assassinated. a 27—year—old jewish man has been arrested, and an extremistjewish organisation has claimed responsibility for the killing. at polling booths throughout the country, they voted on a historic day for australia. as the results came
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in, it was clear. the monarchy would survive. of the american hostages there was no sign, they are being held somewhere inside the compound, and student leaders are threatened, that should the americans attempt rescue, they will all die. this mission has surpassed all expectations. _ voyager one is now the most distant man—made object - anywhere in the universe, and itjust seems - to keep on going. tonight we proved once more that the true strength of our nation comes not from the might of our arms or the scale of our wealth, but from the enduring power of our ideals. this is newsday on the bbc. i'm mariko 0i in singapore. 0ur headlines leaders at the climate change summit in glasgow, make some progress — in the race to limit global warming.
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the cop26 host, borisjohnson says that so far he is cautiously optimistic about the advances being made. we've been hearing about the grand agreements leaders are trying to reach, but what can the rest of us do? reducing carbon emissions could mean all of us changing our habits — from what we buy, to what we eat. 0ur science correspondent victoria gill has been to meet one family who are looking to the future. busy family life makes it difficult to count our carbon emissions, but for this family in leeds, decarbonising their daily routine has has become a priority. i think edie constantly likes to remind me that i need to be better. do you think it could be made easier, you know, to make the changes that you would like to make? it would be betterfor the environment if we switched to eating more plant—based things, but we don't really do a lot of that at the moment
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and we could be better that. as a parent, iam busy, but actually, i need to just make these changes for the better, really. it's kind of the next generation that will be left with these problems. and we'll all need to be part of the solution. according to one in—depth study of our energy use, the uk could halve its demand for energy by 2050 without compromising our quality of life. we've got to reduce emissions so quickly over the next ten years that it means that everybody needs to be involved in the debate and in positive changes. low emissions, researchers say, means less consumption. as well as cutting our meat intake, most of us could reduce how many calories we eat. buying less and repairing more could help make a dent in the mountain of electrical waste we produce every year, and researchers are calling for investment in public transport and cycling networks to increase tenfold in the next decade to help us all decarbonise our travel.
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to work out what that means for the day to day, we organised for edie and jo to get expert advice. i'd never want anyone to feel guilty about their carbon footprint. it's not always easy to make changes. you could considerjourneys under a particular distance, a shortjourney, could be done by cycling or walking. well, we are definitely up for the challenge, aren't we, edie? yes, we will try our very best this week. come on, mister! we are just about to walk to the shop. this week we've been driving less and walking more and also using plant —based alternative. edie, jo, how did it go? the challenge? we started this week. we tried really hard to walk where that was reasonably practical, but i don't think ate as many plant—based alternatives as we could have done. i think they've done fantastically well. lots of the changes can lead to a healthier, more active lifestyle as well, and i think that is what's positive about this. to slash our emissions as quickly as we need to,
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scientists say most of us will need to rethink our daily habits and consume a little bit less. victoria gill, bbc news. underestimating the impact of millions of people making such decisions could be missing a lot. in europe and the us, the trend has been major, in asia it isjust beginning. for more let's talk to megan flynn of pollination for more about climate change and the individual. thank change and the individual. you so much forjoining us. thank you so much forjoining us. we werejust thank you so much forjoining us. we were just hearing what we can do to help achieve the bigger goal, but if you can talk us through some of the things that many of us can do as well. {131 things that many of us can do as well. . ., , things that many of us can do as well. _, , ., ~ things that many of us can do as well. u, , ., ~ ,. as well. of course, thank you for having — as well. of course, thank you for having me. _ as well. of course, thank you for having me. we _ as well. of course, thank you for having me. we as - for having me. we as individuals make choices every day whether it's what we buy, how we consume energy, where we work and certainly where we bank and how we invest our
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money. it's those individual actions that are really important part of the collective alongside government and the action of big business. the trend has been quite major in the us and europe, but what about asia? are we lagging behind here? i about asia? are we lagging behind here?— about asia? are we lagging behind here? ., ., behind here? i would not say it la: um: behind here? i would not say it lagging behind _ behind here? i would not say it lagging behind but— behind here? i would not say it lagging behind but there's - behind here? i would not say it lagging behind but there's a i lagging behind but there's a lot of opportunity in asia and for businesses to seize the opportunity to position their businesses. globally we are seeing evidence of over 70% of consumers willing to change their consumption habits to choose products and services to have a reduced impact on the environment.— have a reduced impact on the environment. branson company startin: environment. branson company starting to — environment. branson company starting to pay _ environment. branson company starting to pay attention to - starting to pay attention to those ego friendly consumers but bigger worry is if it will
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make any difference. individual action plays — make any difference. individual action plays a _ make any difference. individual action plays a really _ make any difference. individual action plays a really critical - action plays a really critical part of the collective action with respect to climate change. in mitigating the effects. and we are seeing that across sectors. so we are seeing individual choices with respect to the type of food we consume, with the way in which we consume energy, which with our travel choices and certainly where we invest our money, all of these added up and are an important part of the collective action of governments and big business. what's also important to understand is that the trends amongst consumers transcendent demographics. and so it's not one singular profile of an individual that is driving this demand for sustainable products and services, so the opportunity for the market is truly seize the opportunity amongst the broad consumer base. ., ., , ,
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base. for many companies up until now _ base. for many companies up until now tackling _ base. for many companies up until now tackling climate - until now tackling climate change is been seen as doing good, feeling good but do you think they could soon face financial consequences? they will be facing _ financial consequences? they will be facing financial- will be facing financial accounts with us, the way in which they drive minimum requirements with respect to the sustainability performance of businesses. we are seeing that in capital markets and access to capital is going to become constrained for those that don't take proactive and ambitious action with respect to climate change. we ambitious action with respect to climate change.— to climate change. we keep heafina to climate change. we keep hearing these _ to climate change. we keep hearing these treaties - to climate change. we keep hearing these treaties and l hearing these treaties and agreements from global leaders, if you look at service from younger generations many people feel like it's rather doomed. how do you feel about progress being made at cop 26 this year?
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the cop 26 is very much about international government action but what's changed since the last couple of years is that if the private sector and individuals that are driving momentum with respect to action on climate change. and that's because it does require all of those stakeholders acting in order to limit the effects of climate change and we are seeing significant commitments being made this week and next from the private sector. they just compound those already being made by companies such as nestl and unilever in the food space, and big airlines like singapore airlines that have made the commitments. it will take all of those actions along with those of governments and individuals to mitigate the effects of climate change.
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that's all we have time for, thank you so much for watching the show. hello there. it's staying pretty cold now for the rest of this week. there will be quite a bit of sunshine around by day, but it will be chilly at night with frosts and fog in places. now, through the day there will be quite a bit of sunshine in central and southern areas, but also some showers. this mainly affecting coastal areas. got low pressure to the north of the uk, this is where we are seeing the strongest of the winds today and whether fronts enhancing the shower activity. although mostly will be affecting coastal areas all around the country down into west wales and the southwest, northern parts of northern ireland and much of the eastern side of the country. some of the showers across the northeast, east of england will push into the midlands. so a bit cloudy here, more than we have had the last few days.
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some of the showers heavy with some hail and thunder mixed in, and they will be wintry over the high ground, particularly across northern scotland with the strongest of the winds. further south he winds will be lighter. it's going to be a chilly day wherever you are, highs of six in the north, nine to 11 further south. through wednesday night it stays quite blustery in the north, further coastal showers and many central areas will turn dryer with lengthy clear skies again. winds will be later here. but stronger winds across the eastern side of england, more cloud. not quite as cold here as what will be further west, and across the north we will have some frost and also some patches of fog. now as we move towards thursday into friday we start to see a change to the weather. this area of high pressure begins to build in from the west. it kills off lots of the showers, but what it is also going to do is cut off the arctic air supply as our wind begins to fear more west and southwest direction. so that will bring milder air back to our shores as you can see here from the orange and yellow colours. thursday, then, another cold start with frost and fog around. and then it is bright. plenty of sunshine around, more
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sunshine around on thursday. still a few showers across the eastern coasts client again down into the far southwest. later in the day, thicker cloudy, patchy rain pushing into the northwest of the uk as we start to pick up westerly winds. temperature slowly rising here, otherwise for most again it is a chilly day. as we move out from thursday into friday we start to see an area of high pressure toppling down towards the south of the country, and that will allow this area of low pressure to move in across the north at the start of the weekend. so it will be turning milder towards the end of the week, particularly as we head on into the weekend. low pressure will start to bring wetter and windier weather to northern areas, and will tend to stay drier and brighter the further south and east you are.
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welcome to hardtalk, i am stephen sackur. this challenge may public officials to make a choice. 0bey directives from the white house against their betterjudgment, ortake the white house against their betterjudgment, or take a better judgment, or take a stand betterjudgment, or take a stand and face the wrath of the pro—trump movement. my guest today, fiona hill, former adviser of the white house, took a stand. she was a key
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witness in the

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