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tv   BBC World News America  BBC News  November 2, 2021 9:00pm-9:31pm GMT

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i'm laura trevelyan in washington, and this is bbc world news america. making progress on methane — world leaders agree to cut methane emissions by a third by the end of the decade. the us president declares the summit a success. i can't think of any two days or more that's been accomplished dealing with climate then these two days. dealing with climate then these two days. cutting down on illegal logging — more than 100 countries agree to stop the destruction of trees. we'll have a special report from the amazon. plus, it's election season here in the us — again. we'll see what a race in virginia could tell us about the national mood.
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welcome to world news america on pbs, in the uk and around the globe. day two of the climate summit in glasgow has seen some progress. world leaders agreed on two major initiatives. first, a commitment to stop deforestation. we'll have more on that shortly. the second was a pledge by more than 100 nations to cut methane gas emissions by 30% over the next decade. but that comes with a catch three of the world's largest methane emitters — china, russia and india — aren't signing up. 0ur political editor laura kuenssberg reports. when cultures clash, can they still agree? when there's so much difference, there can be descent. there are so many faces here in glasgow, so many facets of what could be done. are you pleased with what is happening this week? hollywood stars may campaign, but less developed countries may well complain.
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the united nations fears there's not enough trust to bridge the gaps, but deals are being made. 100 leaders signed a promise to stop the destruction of forests in nine years�* time. i'm confident that we can do this, all we need to do is to summon the will to do what we know is right and we know it is necessary and is in our capacity. let's get to work, we can do this. even the leader of the free world can be hemmed in. president biden struggling to push through his green ambitions at home and borisjohnson�*s attention cast over offers many foreign leaders as possible. they will depart tonight leaving instructions with their negotiators. around 100 countries have already signed up to cut the potent greenhouse gas methane by nearly a third by the end of the decade. but away from the glitz of the main stage and down a quiet
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corridor in a tiny office — a sign ofjust how hard an overall agreement will be. chinese president xi isn't here, but one of the most powerful people you have never heard of is here in his place. chinese climate negotiator. my discussions with john kerry and alok sharma were very constructive, but there were still huge gaps. he criticised developed countries for not coming up with cash that promised to help the less wealthy go green and warned that focusing too much and limiting global warming to 1.5, degrees as borisjohnson wanted could destroy the consensus. i am cautiously optimistic in the sense that on the way to the 620 in rome, i said to some of you on the plane if this was a football match, then the current score would be 5—1 down in the match between humanity and climate change.
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and what you can say now after two days of talks with 120 world leaders is that we have pulled back a goal or two and i think that we will be able to take this thing to extra time. what, or who, is going to score the extra two or three goals that you still need? if there's one thing that gives me confidence or optimism is the we are starting to create for the countries that find it most difficult to transition away from fossil fuels, we're starting to create those coalitions of support to help them to move on. the first 48 hours here have been frantic. and today, there's been a flurry of promises that should hypothetically make a difference, but it's now that the hard bargaining really starts. remember, borisjohnson wants a deal that keeps global warning
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——warming within safe limits, but here in glasgow right now, it's too early to be sure if that is within reach. they will likely be seeing crashes and arguments, different voices and different views. borisjohnson can't be sure what will greet him in glasgow. when it near the end of this summit, he returns. laura kuenssberg, bbc news, glasgow. of this summit, he returns. christian fraser has been covering every twist and turn of the glasgow summit and joins us now. tell us, what is this pledge on cutting methane emissions really mean if china, russia and india didn't sign up? it’s mean if china, russia and india didn't sign up?— mean if china, russia and india didn't sign up? it's a problem that three of the _ didn't sign up? it's a problem that three of the biggest _ didn't sign up? it's a problem that three of the biggest emitters - three of the biggest emitters are not signed up to the deal but it's usually significant up there at three warming gases in the environment notjust oxide, carbon dioxide and methane. if i told you that if you put carbon dioxide and methane into the environment together 20 years later it methane would've been 80 times more potent
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than the carbon dioxide. it holds the heat from the sun and it redistributes it in a much more effective way than carbon dioxide for the there are ways that you can stop it leaking. simple ways like putting technology around oil and gas installations that leak methane. there is methane that escapes from landfills because rotting household forfood landfills because rotting household for food that we throw into landfills. there is methane that comes in the back end of the cows that we visit those sort of things are easier to cut then say the methane that comes off paddy fields, rice fields. so if you've got the americans working towards cutting methane from the oil and gas plants and you've got 80 countries as it was this morning and then 103 countries by this evening signed up to the methane agreement i think the fact that they are all pulling in the same direction despite the fact that india, russia and china aren't signed up to this is pretty
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significant. i signed up to this is pretty significant.— signed up to this is pretty siunificant. ., ., , ., signed up to this is pretty siunificant. ., ., ., significant. i have to call you on something _ significant. i have to call you on something now. _ significant. i have to call you on something now. because - significant. i have to call you on something now. because this i significant. i have to call you on i something now. because this time last night you told us within 2a hours you would have a feeling for whether an overall deal on climate change is possible. what's your verdict? ~ �* ., , change is possible. what's your verdict? �* ., , ., , verdict? well, i'm lucky to use any ofthe verdict? well, i'm lucky to use any of the metaphors _ verdict? well, i'm lucky to use any of the metaphors of _ verdict? well, i'm lucky to use any of the metaphors of the _ verdict? well, i'm lucky to use any of the metaphors of the prime - of the metaphors of the prime minister used. but i do think there's a significant thing that happened that's not really in many of the headlines right now that is the american leadership thatjoe biden was talking about today. one of the things that's been missed is that america has returned to what's called the high ambition coalition. which sounds quite nerdy but if i told you that the coalition built the foundations of the paris agreement then you can perhaps understand why that is very significant. when you have the worlds biggest economy, the second biggest emitters sitting at the table with the developing nations as part of this coalition at the beginning of the summit, that i think tells you that the technical
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teams, the negotiating teams can do that much more through the two weeks of the summer. they walked away the americans in 2016 when donald trump was there, they are back at the table tonight. joe biden flies home but the american negotiators, the technical teams are sitting at the table and there is a lot of people in this part of the world who are very excited about that. interesting. you've been talking to all kinds of people from all over the world. what has really struck you about what they've had to say about climate change? we you about what they've had to say about climate change?— you about what they've had to say about climate change? i've talked to two --eole about climate change? i've talked to two people today — about climate change? i've talked to two people today that _ about climate change? i've talked to two people today that enthused - about climate change? i've talked to two people today that enthused me, let's put it that way. one was mark carney who is the un special envoy on finance. and he's putting all the banks of the asset managers, the export credit agencies, the stock market altogether under this coalition name, horrible ackerman mount doing that acronym the glasgow net finance for net zero. you've got
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about 550 companies from 45 different countries who together control trillions of dollars was up it's those dollars of course that the developing countries need. governments are not to be able to do this. they can't deploy the taxpayers funds that are needed to replant the entire economic system. it can cost trillions and trillions of dollars was up it has to come from harnessing private financing. he is doing amazing things on the side like to reform business, hauling business into this net zero commitment. the other person i spoke to her that was quite interesting strangely because she just plunked herself next to me was the panamanian foreign minister today. they've been in agreement with colombia, costa rica and ecuador. together they created this enormous ocean reserve put up 30% of their oceans are under management, sustainable management. now all of them are working together, they're all going to get to that 30% target. and some of the most precious species of turtles in wales i come
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to that part of the world every year. the fact that the four of them face—to—face, not on zoom but face—to—face, not on zoom but face—to—face to get something like that going is pretty significant and pretty inspiring. that going is pretty significant and pretty inspiring-— pretty inspiring. christian fraser who's been _ pretty inspiring. christian fraser who's been hanging _ pretty inspiring. christian fraser who's been hanging out - pretty inspiring. christian fraser who's been hanging out with - pretty inspiring. christian fraser. who's been hanging out with prime ministers in glasgow, thank you. let's look more at that pledge from world leaders to stop deforestation by the end of the decade. brazil was one of 100 countries to sign on. that's signifant because last year, the destruction in brazil's amazon rainforest, reached a 12 year high. the amazon accounts for about a third of the world's tropical rainforests — and crucially, helps capture vast amounts of carbon dioxide, so the gas doesn't heat up the atmosphere. but illegal logging, is a huge problem. from hondoniya state, in the brazilian amazon ,our international correspondent, 0rla guerin reports. the amazon dream — a forest haven combating climate change. but the reality can look like this.
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no more tree canopy, the land stripped bare for planting crops. we were shown how easy it is to plunder the amazon, just one man and a chainsaw. campaigners say illegal loggers have a green light from president jair bolsonaro. they accuse him of carving up environmental protections and fuelling climate change. miguel isn't worried about the planet, he's worried about his family. his handiwork, seen from above. every tree that falls here releases carbon dioxide back into the atmosphere,
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contributing to global warming. by night, specialist police are on the lookout for crimes against the forest. illegal logging is big business, there's a rainforest mafia. the timber can wind up in europe or the us. this load is legal, but sergeant robertson says he is fighting a losing battle. and about an hour's drive away, ritual destruction. every year vast areas are cleared by slashing and burning.
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the heat is building now and there is ash falling in the air. no attempt has been made to hide this. it is at the side of a busy road. and when fires like this happen here it is not the work of nature, it is the work of man. in the global fight against climate change, this is one more loss. and here too, lost ground. more wild west than wild amazon. cattle farming is driven by global demand for brazilian beef and backed by presidentjair bolsonaro. henato hammos is a second—generation rancher. he says the forest is a living, not a fairy tale.
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but we got a very different perspective from this activist. she has spent her life defending the rainforest and its indigenous peoples, or trying to.
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this rich but fragile ecosystem is changing its colours. deforestation means the rainforest in brazil now emits more carbon than it stores. the message from here is a distress signal. 0rla guerin, bbc news, in the amazon rainforest. in other news... an advisory panel for the centres for disease control has recommended that pfizer's covid vaccine be administered to children aged five to 11. the regulator — the food and drug administration — has already signed off, and the biden administration has plan to districbute 15—million jabs, once the final approval comes from the cdc. if all goes ahead, younger children should get theirfirstjabs in days. up to twenty people are reported to have been killed after a military hospital in the afghan capital,
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kabul was attacked. the taliban said there were two huge explosions. both appeared to target civilians. there were reports of gunfire coming from the area, and eyewitnesses say they saw armed militants entering the building. you're watching bbc world news america. still to come on tonight's programme... we'll be talking to a family in the uk— who are trying to reduce their carbon footprint at home. rescue teams in nigeria have been working through the night, searching for survivors after a lagos apartment block collapsed while under construction. the number killed has now risen to 15 — up to 100 people are missing. 0ur correspondent mayeni jones is at the scene. here at the sight of monday's
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building collapse there are huge crowds, members of the meteor, onlookers this story has really captured the imagination of nigeria. many people are horrified at the share scale of the tragedy. but for many here it's symptomatic of a problem with legos construction at the moment. the city has been expanding, high—rises are going up at break neck speed and that's pushing developers to take risks and use cheaper materials here. lagos state authorities say the developers of this particular compound were only supposed to go up by 15 stories but they went up by 21 and some of that material used were very cheap. in the meantime the families of the missing wait anxiously to hear whether their loved ones have been found. what would a november in america be without a closely—watched, and fiercely—fought election? this one is the governor's race in virginia where democrat terry mcaullife — on the left — is trying
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to fend off a challenge from republican glenn youngkin — who's on the right. joe biden won virginia by ten points a year ago, so this race is being seen as a referendum on the first year of his presidency — and a preview of next year's mid term elections. let's bring in the bbc�*s barbara plett usher, who's watching that election, and others. in glasgow tonight president biden predicted victory in virginia. at the races looking like a toss—up. what's making democrat so nervous? like a toss-up. what's making democrat so nervous?- like a toss-up. what's making democrat so nervous? well, the races ve tiuht democrat so nervous? well, the races very tight and — democrat so nervous? well, the races very tight and they _ democrat so nervous? well, the races very tight and they started _ very tight and they started doing fairly well but the republican candidate has made up that lost space. so they are looking at the raise not only to see if whether they can win it in virginia but also what impact it might have for elections coming next year for the midterm elections. so what mister mcauliffe is said, the democratic candidate is he's been facing
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headwinds from washington. he said thatjoe barding is having trouble getting his economic agenda through congress, ? biden. what sort of impact will that help was that mister biden won virginia by winning the votes of conservatives in the suburbs who were fed up with donald trump. what sort of impact will that have now with mister bidens approval ratings dropping, will they stick with democrats in the midterms in 2022? mister mcauliffe has been focusing very much on trying to link his opponent glenn young into mister trump. but how effective will that be? mister duncan has tried very much to walk a fine line on this, he is accepted mister trump's endorsement but he has also tried to distance himself as much as possible. republicans are watching that performance was up he is crucially, and this is also been in porton, he is crucially seized on an issue that is very important to conservatives which is schooling,
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education. parents who are frustrated by covid restriction in mask mandates and also how racial inequality is being taught in schools. ., ,, , ., schools. how could those issues that ou 'ust schools. how could those issues that you just mentioned _ schools. how could those issues that you just mentioned affect _ you just mentioned affect campaigning for the midterms depending on tinnitus resulting virginia? depending on tinnitus resulting viruinia? , , , depending on tinnitus resulting viruinia? , , ., depending on tinnitus resulting vininia? , , , ., ., ., virginia? republicans are going to be watching _ virginia? republicans are going to be watching to _ virginia? republicans are going to be watching to see _ virginia? republicans are going to be watching to see if _ virginia? republicans are going to be watching to see if he _ virginia? republicans are going to be watching to see if he can - virginia? republicans are going to be watching to see if he can come | virginia? republicans are going to i be watching to see if he can come up with a formula that will help them to win in a post—trump world. particularly this focus on education which hasn't had in appealfor suburban voters but also hard—line trope two trump voters was up democratic and be waiting to see if there's any mileage and making that association between republican candidates and mister trump and weather that still turns off moderate voters even if mister trump is not on the ballot. 0r whether they have to get much more aggressive about the proactive message which they would like to do up message which they would like to do up with this legislation if they could get it passed.— up with this legislation if they could get it passed. let's return to our top story, and that's the un climate change conference in glasgow.
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we've been hearing about the grand agreements leaders are trying to reach, but what can the rest of us do? reducing carbon emissions could means all of us changing our habits — from what we buy, to what we eat. 0ur science correspondent victoria gill has been to meet a family in leeds who are looking to the future. busy family life makes it difficult to count our carbon emissions, but for this family in leeds, decarbonising their daily routine has become a priority. i think edie constantly likes to remind me that i need to do better. do you think it could be made easier, you know, to make the changes that you would like to make? it would be better for the environment if we switched to eating more plant—based things, but we don't really do a lot of that at the moment and we could be better that. as a parent, iam busy, but actually, i need to just make these changes for the better, really. it's kind of the next generation that will be left with these problems.
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and we'll all need to be part of the solution. according to one in—depth study of our energy use, the uk could halve its demand for energy by 2050 without compromising our quality of life. we've got to reduce emissions so quickly over the next ten years that it means that everybody needs to be involved in the debate and in positive changes. lower emissions, researchers say, means less consumption. as well as cutting our meat intake, most of us could reduce how many calories we eat. buying less and repairing more could help make a dent in the mountain of electrical waste we produce every year, and researchers are calling for investment in public transport and cycling networks to increase tenfold in the next decade to help us all decarbonise our travel. to work out what that means for their day to day, we organised for edie and jo to get expert advice. i'd never want anyone to feel guilty about their carbon footprint. it's not always easy to make changes. you could considerjourneys under a particular distance,
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a shortjourney, could be done by cycling or walking. well, we are definitely up for the challenge, aren't we, edie? yes, we will try our very best this week. come on, mister! we are just about to walk to the shop. i this week we've been driving less and walking more and also - using plant—based alternative. edie, jo, how did it go? the challenge? we started this week. we've tried really hard to walk wherever was reasonably practical, but i don't think we ate as many plant—based alternatives as we could have done. i think they've done fantastically well. lots of the changes also can lead to a healthier, more active lifestyle as well, and i think that is what's positive about this. to slash our emissions as quickly as we need to, scientists say most of us will need to rethink our daily habits and consume a little bit less. victoria gill, bbc news. and now for a bit of glamour — and wishful thinking — from russian history. royaljewels that were smuggled out
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of the country during the 1917 revolution are going up for auction next week in geneva. like this pink diamond weighing more than 25 carats — expected to fetch up to six—million dollars. the royal set was taken by a british diplomat to london for safekeeping all those years ago. and now, they are looking for a new owner. if you have many millions to spare. and before we go tonight, we want to wish a happy birthday — to ourselves. bbc tv is 85 years old. at 3pm local time on november second 1936 — the bbc launched its first regular tv service from north london. there was a newsreel, a variety show, music — including the first—ever performance by the bbc tv 0rchestra. viewers were called �*lookers in', and there weren't many of them. only about 400 on the first day. then — as now — our mission was to inform, educate and entertain.
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thank you so much for watching bbc world news america. for most of us, today turned into one of those bright but rather chilly autumn days with some spells of sunshine and 1—2 showers. you can see some shower clouds popping up there for a weather watcher in west wales. the satellite picture shows that many of those showers did focus in across northern and western areas, areas exposed to the breeze. and those showers, when they did crop up, gave some pretty impressive skyscapes, some nice rainbows out there. and some of those showers will continue through tonight, especially around the coasts — some of the showers wintry over the highest ground in northern scotland. not as many showers for inland spots, in fact, it'll turn really quite cold for some, down towards the south, temperatures as low as minus one celsius, allowing for a touch of frost and, for parts of england and wales,
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some fog patches to take us into tomorrow morning. tomorrow is another sunshine—and—showers day for most of us. again, the showers mainly around the coast, but i think we will see a few more drifting inland across parts of northeast england, down into the midlands and east anglia as we head through the afternoon. the wind, if anything, a little stronger than it was today and temperatures will struggle — highs between 8—12 celsius. now as we move through wednesday night into thursday, this area of high pressure will start to build its way in — and that will have the effect of killing off some of the showers, there won't be as many showers around on thursday. there will still be some across parts of pembrokeshire and cornwall, some to start off for east anglia and the southeast, they should tend to clear. and then, for many, especially across england and wales, we will see some spells of sunshine, but with more cloud toppling in towards northern ireland and scotland, certainly a chilly feel to the day, 7—12 celsius. now through thursday night into friday, our area of high pressure will drift a little further southwards, and we'll see a feed of cloud working its way in from the west.
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so generally speaking, quite a lot of cloud in the mix on friday, that cloud producing some outbreaks of patchy rain, especially in northwest scotland, and equally some breaks in that cloud, some sunny spells for eastern and southern parts. but it'll feel a little milder by this stage, 11—13 celsius. and that's the theme we take with us into the weekend — some milder weather with a lot of cloud, and certainly across the northern half of the uk, the potentialfor some rain at times, it'll be quite windy, too. further south, the cloud should break here and there to give a little bit of sunshine and a milder weekend for all of us.
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this is bbc news, i'm christian fraser live in glasgow for the cop 26 climate summit. joe biden says it's a big mistake that china's president xi didn't show up at the conference. the rest of the world will look to china and say what value are they providing? they have lost an ability to influence people around the world and all the people here at cop26. also today: more than 100 countries agree to cut global methane emissions by 30% by the end of the decade. plus an agreement to end and reverse deforestation in the next 10 years. and — we'll look at ambitious plans to bring forests back to scotland — one of the world's most nature depleted countries.

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