tv BBC World News America BBC News November 1, 2021 9:00pm-9:31pm GMT
i'm laura trevelyan in washington and this is bbc world news america. gathering in glasgow to try and save the globe — more than 100 leaders begin two weeks of intense discussions on climate change, with the fate of the planet in the balance. enough of burning and drilling and mining ourway enough of burning and drilling and mining our way deeper. we are digging our own graves. sir david attenborough brought scientific star—power to glasgow, urging leaders to "turn this tragedy into a triumph". in my lifetime, i have witnessed a terrible decline. in yours, you could and should witness a wonderful recovery. the congo rainforest is suffering from the effects
of climate change — we have a special report on efforts to save one of the world's biggest green lungs. plus, reunited at last. australia opens its border for the first time since march last year — families and loved ones divided by the pandemic are finally together. welcome to world news america on pbs, in the uk and around the globe. america on pbs, in the uk president biden has told the un climate summit in scotland that the fight against global warming is a moral imperative. 120 heads of state are in glasgow trying to agree on a plan to stop global temperatures from rising more than 1.5 celsius to prevent the effects of climate change from getting even worse. here's what president biden had to say. this is a decisive decade in which we have an opportunity to prove
ourselves. we cannot keep the goal of limiting global warming to just 1.5 celsius within our reach if we come together. if we commit to doing our part for each of our nations with the determination and ambition. this glasgow conference is being presented as the last chance to agree on how to slow climate change before the effects become irreversible. so how can that be done? the goals include ending the use of coal, moving to electrical cars and reversing the process of deforestation. 0ur political editor laura kuenssberg has more. welcome to glasgow. thousands have made the trip from their countries. the journey, nor the shivering arrival, straight forward. their hope is that the queues and the wait will be worth it.
this fortnight could affect everyone�*s home, but the world's political leaders did not face quite the same ordeal to swoop in, arriving on a united nations blue, not red, carpet. to hearfirst the prime minister's big, serious moment on the world stage. humanity has long since run down the clock on climate change. it is one minute to midnight on that doomsday clock and we need to act now. the leaders of some of the biggest polluters, china, russia and turkey, have not shown, keeping much more than a social distance. the anger and the impatience of the world will be uncontainable unless we make this cop26 in glasgow the moment when we get real about climate change. they will not forgive us. they will know that glasgow was the historic turning point when history failed to turn. the platform also for those people whose way of life is at grave risk right now.
the earth is speaking. she tells us that we have no more time. the uk is the host to a rainbow of nearly 200 countries and wants them all to promise to cut their own carbon emissions and the wealthier to cough up more towards the $100 billion pot to help poorer countries go green. but what are the chances? do you think leaders are finally given us the urgency it needs? i really could not sit in that room and not feel it. we are optimistic. i have to do my speech now. there is a real sense of purpose, but all the leaders, president biden included, must be aware it will be a long fortnight. simply not every leader is as enthusiastic as the west with wealthier populations. some of the mega economies are moving far slower than the uk would like. the indian prime minister promised today he would balance carbon emissions with absorbing those gases
20 years later than borisjohnson wants — net zero, only by 2070. but the mood in glasgow is darkening towards those who are dragging their feet. in two generations�* time they will be remembered for this fortnight. they could have been brilliant in everything else they have done and they will be cursed if they don't get this right. that is interesting, you use the phrase cursed, for somebody in your position of authority it is a very strong word. it was consciously a strong word. people will speak of them in far stronger terms than we speak today of the politicians of the 30s, the politicians who ignored what was happening in nazi germany, because this will kill people all around the world for generations and we will have no means of averting it. he later apologised for making
the comparison to the nazi genocide. number ten stepped around commenting on the nature of those claims, but said there is no doubt about the seriousness of the climate challenge and have no doubt that every lever of every kind of british power is being pulled at least this week to push for an agreement. three generations of the royal family will be visible in one way or another. the attention justified by what many here see as an emergency. it is only day one of the discussion, it has already taken more than two decades, but the consequences of glasgow's conversation will be felt far longer than that. and queen elizabeth, who couldn't be there in person because her doctors told her to rest, had a video message for world leaders, urging them to "achieve true statesmanship" and create a "safe, stabler future" for the planet. none of us underestimates the challenges ahead.
but history has shown that when nations come together in common cause, there is always room for hope. queen elizabeth, aged 95, who recorded that message at windsor castle last week. well, my colleague christian fraser is covering the marathon climate conference and he joins us now from glasgow. you are there in the thick of it. what was the reaction from the officials, the world leaders, when india's prime minister said the rich world that needed to give a trillion dollars to the developing world so they can reach these ambitious climate goals? £31 they can reach these ambitious climate goals?— they can reach these ambitious climate goals? of course, india is crucially important, _ climate goals? of course, india is crucially important, one - climate goals? of course, india is crucially important, one of - climate goals? of course, india is crucially important, one of the . climate goals? of course, india is| crucially important, one of the top five emitters in the world. it has at 1.2 billion people and 70% of the world emissions come from india, so what narendra modi says is vitally important and it really depends whether you are a half glass full or half glass empty can a person. a lot of people focus on the headline
figure out that they will balance emissions on 2070, but realistically that right now is a world away and the real focus if we're going balance the rising global average temperatures to 1.5 celsius has to be 2030. on that score, narendra modi has made quite a significant pledge, they have enhanced their previous target to 50% renewables, so all electricity that is produced in india will come from renewables, 50% of them by 2030, and i think thatis 50% of them by 2030, and i think that is quite a significant step forward. it is a pledge and it will need backing by significant finance, but i think borisjohnson will be quietly satisfied that he has moved the indians towards a net zero target and also as a commitment for the end of the decade.— the end of the decade. christian, let's talk about _ the end of the decade. christian, let's talk about president - the end of the decade. christian, let's talk about president biden, | let's talk about president biden, who still has not got his climate bill through congress. that was underlined here in washington today when a key democratic senator was critical of it. how is that
reverberating where you are in glasgow? is it undermining president biden�*s negotiating position? he glasgow? is it undermining president biden's negotiating position?- biden's negotiating position? he was certainly asked _ biden's negotiating position? he was certainly asked a _ biden's negotiating position? he was certainly asked a number— biden's negotiating position? he was certainly asked a number of- certainly asked a number of questions at last night about it in rome at the end of the g20 summit and he saying he still believes that framework deal will be passed sometime next week, but i think you're right, it does undermine it, because although he has a framework agreement and has defended the climate change portion of that, people can see that one of the principal provisions in that climate legislation was the clean electricity programme which really was the stick to go along with the carrot. that is what would have encouraged electricity companies to start turning towards cleaner ways of producing energy and that has been taken out by the senator. but also separate to that, there will obviously be some scepticism about what the president is saying, even though the american targets look pretty healthy at this point, because four years ago, five years
ago, they walked away from the paris agreement, so people look at the polls back in the us naturally and say how do we know that donald trump does not return in 2024 and the americans works walk away from it again? americans works walk away from it auain? ~ . , ., ., americans works walk away from it auain? . , , again? what is the mood there? does it feel like there _ again? what is the mood there? does it feel like there is _ again? what is the mood there? does it feel like there is a _ again? what is the mood there? does it feel like there is a deal— again? what is the mood there? does it feel like there is a deal on - again? what is the mood there? does it feel like there is a deal on the - it feel like there is a deal on the table that could be agreed in two weeks' time? i table that could be agreed in two weers' time?— table that could be agreed in two weeks' time? i think you will need to ask me that _ weeks' time? i think you will need to ask me that again _ weeks' time? i think you will need to ask me that again tomorrow- weeks' time? i think you will need i to ask me that again tomorrow night. the next 48 hours is really the crux of the two weeks in my view. you have technical teams that are thrashing out the deeply computed issues backstage, but it is the leaders that will set the course over the next two days and the statement, the communiqu we get from borisjohnson tomorrow night at the end of the leaders part of the week, will be i think a hugely significant. at the end of the two weeks, whether or not it is a success or failure, weeks, whether or not it is a success orfailure, in my view weeks, whether or not it is a success or failure, in my view will come down to cold hard cash, how much cash as they managed to put
behind mitigation for those in developing nations? so helping developing nations? so helping developing nations? so helping developing nations turn away from dirty fuels and how much of it for adaptation? because climate change is coming and we have already seen this around the world that our human systems are not prepared for it. christian, thank you, back you tomorrow night to find out if a deal is on the offering. in a mean time, let's look at the urgency that is driving world leaders to try and change. —— limit climate change. in the democratic republic of congo, only 20% of people have electricity, so many rely on coal to cook and heat their homes. and that has a bad effect on the congo rainforest, known as the second lung of the world, after the amazon, because it plays a key role in absorbing the earth's carbon emissions. elodie toto reports from kinshasa. the power that could be. this is the inga dam on the congo river. at full potential, it would be part of the largest hydroelectric power station in the world. but it doesn't even supply
the majority of congolese. 50 years ago, a project to build a series of dams began. two were built. but in 1982, the project stalled. it is a frustration for many here. like most congolese, this lady prepares food with charcoal. translation: since we have no electricity, we use wood - or coal when we have it. and she is not the only one. in bombaka, access to electricity is almost zero. the national electricity company supplies fewer than 40 subscribers from its unreliable power plant. but there are almost 1 million people living in the city. to avoid being in the dark, some use solar panels. but the average congolese person
earns a less than $2 per day, so many families cannot afford solar panels. and so they turn to the forest. translation: | started - by chopping wood, then i put it here and i cover it. after that, we make a fire lasting seven days before we have a finished product. we know that doing this work is dangerous for the environment but if you don't do it, what are we going to live on? we have families to feed. more than 90% of the population uses wood as energy on a daily basis. an activity that has a significant impact on the rainforest, with how much carbon dioxide it can absorb and how much oxygen it can provide. translation: everywhere here it is a big loss, -
simply due to human activity. the forest plays an important roll in the regulation of the atmosphere the forest plays an important role in the regulation of the atmosphere because it is from the forest we get oxygen. when we cut down the forest, the cycle of purification is broken and it is human beings that suffer. given the importance of saving the rainforest, why has the dam project still not been realised? the biggest challenge has been the financing. the total construction bill has been estimated at $80 billion. the world bank pulled its funding in 2016, claiming the congolese government had changed strategic direction from what had been agreed. so what now for the project? translation: we are waiting for the polluting countries - to put their hands in their pockets to finance the inga dam project.
at the beginning, we were talking about the inga dam as an electricity supply in the sense of boosting the democratic republic of the congo. at this stage, it is the need of humanity to protect the forest. the strategy is to extend the supply of electricity. it will be the solution to reducing the temperature increase to 1.5 celsius. as world leaders gather for the climate summit in the uk, the congolese government will be hoping that message is heard. no doubt, so will its people. how our forests are suffering from climate change.
you're watching bbc world news america. still to come on tonight's programme: we have exclusive access to a rebel group in ethiopia, the 0romo liberation army, whose fighters say they're in control of key towns. mexico began its "day of the dead" celebrations on sunday. the centuries—old tradition has taken on a new significance, as the country battles the covid pandemic. the bbc�*s suzanne kianpour reports. for catholics, the first two days of november means a reunion with the souls of lost loved ones, a celebration with offerings, altars and marigold flowers. the aztecs believed that the ancestors followed the scent to find their way back. this year, 16 altars have gone up in mexico city, a welcome scene of levity in the capital of a
country that has lost nearly 300,000 people to covid—19. translation: after all that we have lived through and the people - that have passed away, we now see a boom after being locked up. these exhibits of mexican culture bring a joy to the city. in a world where masks are now the norm, in mexico city, they are much more pretty. suzanne kianpour, bbc news. the united states secretary of state says he's alarmed by reports that tigrayan rebel forces have taken over two key ethiopian towns. the 0romo liberation army, or 0la, is in a formal alliance with tigrayan rebels in the north against ethiopia's government. the bbc�*s africa correspondent catherine byaruhanga is the first internationaljournalist to be given access to the 0la, a secretive and controversial armed group. a warning — her report contains some distressing images.
this is ethiopian�*s hidden war. guerrilla fighters in the west and south of the country battling the government. the 0romo liberation army says its people have been oppressed for more than a century. they want self—determination. this is an old armed struggle, but many of the people here that you can see were not born when the 0romo liberation army was first formed in the 1970s. today, as ethiopia faces many conflicts and challenges, this group sees new opportunities. the 0romo are the biggest ethnic group in ethiopia. these fighters want the right to choose independence. translation: the oromo people have been forced to take up arms. _ we are fighting, living in the forest like animals because we want our rights to be respected.
the ethiopian government is under immense pressure. it is at war with tigrayan rebels in the north, with half a million people on the brink of famine. in the south, it stands accused of indiscriminate killings and mass arrests in the hunt for 0la fighters. these families fled their homes, they say, because of ethiopian forces. among the displaced is this woman, who claims they murdered her son as she was forced to watch. translation: i will not go back to ethiopia ever again. _ my son is dead. we cannot see his child and his wife for a single night. because the ethiopian government has done this all to me, i am not going back. they killed my son in public. but the 0la has also been accused of atrocities targeting ethnic minorities.
amhara activists say this is the gruesome aftermath of an attack injuly. the 0romo liberation army want to ethnically cleanse the non—0romos, especially amhara, from the 0romia region. they proposed the prime minister establish 0romia state under their leadership. the rebels showed us their training manoeuvres. their commander says they are disciplined and denied killing unarmed civilians. the government told the bbc the 0la is a terrorist organisation determined to take up arms. it comes as the group announced a deal with the tigray defence forces in the north. their shared goal is to bring down the government. translation: abiy ahmed's prosperity i party which is governing this empire l is killing people wherever they live, banning their homes,
looting their properties. they are doing the same in tigray, so there are similar experiences between our peoples. the government denies targeting civilians, but international partners are pushing authorities to negotiate with their opponents like the 0la as a way to hold the country together. catherine byaruhanga, bbc news, on the border between ethiopia and kenyan. 0ne bit of other news — rescuers in nigeria are searching for survivors in the rubble of a high—rise building that's collapsed in the commercial capital, lagos. the block of apartments — more than 20 storeys high — was under construction. officials say four people had been rescued so far and four bodies recovered. it isn't clear what brought the building down. now to australia, which opened its border on monday, after keeping it closed for almost 20 months due to the pandemic. there were emotional reunions
forfamilies and loved ones. but not everyone is enjoying this loosening of the rules. from sydney airport, shaimaa khalil reports. reunited after closed borders kept them apart, some couldn't hold back a second longer. australia had sealed itself off from the world during the pandemic, helping keep covid—19 cases low but devastating thousands stranded abroad. many are grateful to be with loved ones again. it's been very tough, you know, not being able to get on a plane whenever you want to see your family. you know, if something happens to them, you can't easily make it home. others have missed their chance to say goodbye. my dad passed away a week ago, so... i'm sorry. yeah, so it's bittersweet being here. when i found out i could get on this first flight and not quarantine, it was like, thank god. it's been a very emotional day
here at sydney airport. 0ne passenger told me that after so many months of trying to get home, it didn't seem real. but it will be a longer wait for so many others, because while families reunite in new south wales and in victoria, other parts of the country are still closed. in western australia, vaccination levels are among the lowest and the easing of international travel restrictions is unlikely any time soon. for sarah barker, originally from lincolnshire, it's unclear when her parents will get to meet her newborn baby. we can'tjust be in lockdowns forever and never open up. i'm happy for people in the other states because they've had it just as tough as us, but the fact that we don't have a date that when we'll be able to reunite with our families, it's just heartbreaking. in another major change to the rules, fully vaccinated australians can now leave the country without needing an exemption.
it felt like life was almost on pause and ijust it felt like life was almost on pause and i just want to get it felt like life was almost on pause and ijust want to get back. fortress australia has finally begun opening up to the rest of the world. while this is a big day for many, millions here have yet to enjoy those freedoms. shaimaa khalil, bbc news, sydney. and before we go tonight, i've always said that tennis is a lifelong sport. well, a 97—year old ukrainian man is proving me right. just look at this — leonid stanislavsky is volleying with none other than rafael nadal. a dream come true for stanislavsky, who holds the guinness world record for the globe's oldest tennis player. he got to play the legend at the rafa nadal academy in spain last month. stanislavsky has been playing amateur tennis for over half a century and he's too good for the others in his age group, so he called on rafa. inspiration indeed.
i would like tojoin i would like to join the queue. i'm laura trevelyan. thank you for watching world news america. have a great night. good evening. october 2021 has been both warmer and wetter than average. it certainly ended on a very wet note and windy one, as well — and that same area of low pressure has brought a lot of showers along spells of rain and brisk winds during the day today. but it's moving out of the way and we change our wind direction to a northwesterly, and we will notice a distinct chill in the air. still plenty of showers though to come through this evening, some heavy with hail and thunder as you can see, and still a brisk wind blowing across the north of scotland. but gradually through the night, the showers do tend to ease somewhat, the skies clearing and winds easing in the south, so a touch of frost in rural parts of england and wales, and even some fog here come the morning. and at this time of year, november time, the fog will linger throughout the rush hour, in fact, throughout much of the morning. 0therwise, once it goes, we should see more sunshine around
for those areas that have been pretty wet through the day today, like north wales and parts of northern england. not as wet and windy across northern scotland, but still plenty of showers blowing in here, and any of the showers that materialise through the day could be heavy with hail and thunder — nowhere is exempt, but the further east you are, the fewer showers there will be. but despite temperatures being on par with those of today, because of the change in wind direction, i think there will be a bit of a chill in the air, 8—12 celsius. then through tomorrow night, those showers keep coming, that northerly wind with us. but inland, away from those showers, it will be cold again — a touch of frost, a colder night for scotland and northern ireland, as well, i think, and probably more fog around wednesday morning with the lighter wind regime. and that fog could lingerfor some right the way through the morning, certainly a risk of a hazard on the road through the rush hour, still a chilly day with showers pestering the west coast, the east coast, and northern scotland, but some good spells of sunshine inland away from those showers. but still, just enough breeze to keep carrying them
southward through the night, wednesday to thursday — again, another chilly night, more widely frost in the north, as you can see, perhaps not as much of those onshore winds and showers into southern and eastern areas. and perhaps it's here where we will see most of those showers then through the day on thursday — because further north and west, we're starting to bring more cloud back in, the atlantic influence, if you like, the onset once again of some milder air. initiallyjust some cloud and patchy rain, as you can see here on friday, but it will turn more unsettled with time over the weekend again.
this is bbc news, i'm christian fraser live in glasgow at the cop—26 climate summit. more than 100 world leaders kick off two weeks of intense discussions, with the fate of the planet hanging in the balance. borisjohnson welcomes delegates with a warning that younger generations will not forgive their leaders if they don't act now. amid those warnings — india, one of the world's biggest polluters, pledges a net zero target for 2070 — two decades later than the summit target set by mrjohnson. one of the key goals of the conference is to limit global warming to 1.5 degrees — the international atomic energy agency thinks it can help — i'll be speaking to their director