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tv   BBC News at One  BBC News  October 29, 2021 1:00pm-1:31pm BST

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the government warns it could retaliate if france carries out the threats it's made in the row over post brexit fishing rights. the french have warned they'll start blocking british boats from next tuesday — the british government says "two can play at that game". we will see what they do on tuesday. but, obviously, we reserve the right to respond in a proportionate way. the french ambassador to london has been summoned to the foreign office today after france siezed a british trawler. also this lunchtime... the pope calls for radical decisions from world leaders gathering this weekend in glasgow for the cop26 climate change summit. meanwhile, the teenage climate activist greta thunberg says she hasn't been formally invited to the cop summit.
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of course, this is notjust a question about me. but i think that many people might be scared that if they invite too many "radical" young people, then that might make them look bad. e—cigarettes could soon be available on the nhs in england to help smokers quit. and archaeologists discover a set of what they call "astounding" roman statues on the route of the h52 rail link. and coming up in sport on the bbc news channel, the two bottom sides in england's group at the t20 cricket world cup look for theirfirst win, as west indies take on bangladesh. good afternoon and welcome
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to the bbc news at one. "two can play at that game", that's the warning today to france from the british government as the row over post brexit fishing rights continues to escalate. the french ambassador to london has been summoned to the foreign office this afternoon. the french are angry about what they claim is a lack of licences for their boats to fish in uk waters. france has threatened to block british boats from its ports if the issue over fishing licences is not resolved by tuesday. our political correspondent, nick eardley, reports. rows over fishing are nothing new. this is jersey rows over fishing are nothing new. this isjersey in the summer. french boats protesting at a loss of catching rights after brexit. now, the uk and french governments are involved in an escalating war of words. the uk says it's given most french boats licences to keep fishing here. but it has objected to some, because they don't qualify.
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france has threatened to block british boats landing at french ports from tuesday.— ports from tuesday. let's be serious. _ ports from tuesday. let's be serious. 244 _ ports from tuesday. let's be serious, 244 boats _ ports from tuesday. let's be serious, 244 boats with - ports from tuesday. let's be serious, 244 boats with a . ports from tuesday. let's be - serious, 244 boats with a pending license, this is not the treaty we signed when we dealt with the brexit. the truth is that we have french fishermen that are losing 25% of their business every day. and, you know, it is something we have to act on. , ., _, ., ., act on. this row could have an im act act on. this row could have an impact beyond _ act on. this row could have an impact beyond fishing. - act on. this row could have an - impact beyond fishing. france has threatened to increase checks from the uk and that could slow down trade over the channel. but ministers in london aren't backing down, saying they are prepared to retaliate if france takes action. two can play at that game is what i would _ two can play at that game is what i would say — two can play at that game is what i would say. we've said that, for now, we're _ would say. we've said that, for now, we're not _ would say. we've said that, for now, we're not going to respond in the way that— we're not going to respond in the way that france has. we're going to raise _ way that france has. we're going to raise this _ way that france has. we're going to raise this with the commission and diplomatic— raise this with the commission and diplomatic channels would be french ambassador. but we will reserve our film ambassador. but we will reserve our right to _ ambassador. but we will reserve our right to do _ ambassador. but we will reserve our right to do more things, obviously, if france _ right to do more things, obviously, if france continued to press ahead with these — if france continued to press ahead
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with these threats. this if france continued to press ahead with these threats.— with these threats. this scottish boat was detained _ with these threats. this scottish boat was detained earlier - with these threats. this scottish boat was detained earlier this i with these threats. this scottish i boat was detained earlier this week in france. authorities said it didn't have a proper licence. but this is a diplomatic row that goes a lot deeper. the french ambassador has been summoned here to the foreign office in london. this afternoon. that's something that's normally reserved for hostile states, not for close neighbours and allies. the uk says it still wants to try and figure out a diplomatic solution. but ministers have also held talks about what to do if one can't be found. it was all smiles when borisjohnson and the french president met back injune. they are due to hold brief talks on sunday at the 620 due to hold brief talks on sunday at the g20 or where the tensions overfishing are likely to make things a little less friendly. nick eardley is at westminster. relations between london and paris seem to going from bad to worse? that's right. it's not the first time we've seen big rows overfishing
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but it is another sign that the implementation of the brexit deal agreed, remember, the trade arrangements, anyway, about 11 months ago, has been complicated. and it has been, at points, open to interpretation from different parties. that said, i've got to say there does seem to be a genuine sense of bewilderment from some in the uk government that this has escalated so much. they think the rules are pretty clear in that the number of boats, which haven't been given a licence yet, is pretty small. so, are we, inevitably, heading for some sort of dispute over the next few days between the uk and france? but i think you will still see some talks over the weekend. there's that meeting between the europe minister here and the french ambassador this afternoon. and the prime minister and the french president will hold brief talks at the g20 on sunday. there is a hope, in london, this can still be sorted out diplomatically.
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but, nevertheless, the message from downing street is they are looking at what they will do to retaliate, if france goes ahead with some of the threats it has made in recent days. the threats it has made in recent da s. w' the threats it has made in recent da s. . ~ the threats it has made in recent da s. ., ~ ., the threats it has made in recent da s. ., ., days. nick, thank you, our political correspondent. _ the pope has called on leaders at next week's climate summit in glasgow to make radical decisions, to offer hope to the world. in a message recorded for the bbc, he called on all those gathering at cop26 to act now to tackle the looming crisis of global warming and rising emissions. this morning, pope francis also met the us president, joe biden, who's in rome for a summit of g20 leaders. from rome, mark lowen reports. a rare papal media message for an urgent crisis, the environmentalist pope francis taking to the bbc airwaves just before glasgow's climate conference. he evoked the world's multiple challenges, but urged against turning inwards, seeing them instead as a chance for change.
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the pope himself won't be in glasgow, despite expectations he would, but he hopes his voice will be heard there, telling world leaders the time to act is now.
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from extreme weather to forest fires, to rising sea—levels, the climate emergency is critical, and tackling it is at the centre of francis's papacy. and he's using all means before glasgow to raise it. including today, meeting the american president at the vatican. joe biden shares the pope's views on climate change, and it will be a focus of their discussions, the president and the pontiff eye to eye on the key issue of our times. the leader of the 1.3 billion catholics of course carries huge
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moral weight, and by meeting key leaders before glasgow and by spreading his message on air, pope francis will hope to coax those at the summit towards an agreement. the political, the spiritual, the ecological all coming together in these crucial few days. mark lowen, bbc news, rome. as we heard, the g20 leaders are meeting in rome this weekend — our diplomatic correspondent james landale is there, and, james, this is the first time so many leaders have met in person, face to face since the pandemic began. that's right. it is a huge, huge challenge for them because they've got a lot of things to deal with. as you've heard, climate change is top of the agenda, very much a stepping stone summit will put to be put into the night before the cop26 meeting in glasgow. the leaders meeting here at the g20, their economies produce 80% of global emissions —— stepping
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stone summit before the cop26. will they commit to cutting emissions and by when? they will discuss how much money to give poorer adapt to climate change and will it be enough? they have also got to talk about the covid pandemic, in the longer term there is the issue of recovering their economies from the pandemic. how do they fix those broken supply chains? how do they deal with rising energy prices? in the shorter term, how do you deal with that issue of vaccine inequality? the fact that 60%, 70% of the richer countries that have produced... got all their population is vaccinated but that number number is vaccinated but that number number is probably about 2% for many, many poor developing countries. how would they address that? gordon brown, the former prime minister, is calling former prime minister, is calling for an emergency airlift of surplus vaccines. two big issues for this summit and a big test of multilateral cooperation. both climate and on covid, many countries have addressed those issues unilaterally, by themselves. this weekend is a test to see if they can
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act more collectively.— act more collectively. james, thank ou, act more collectively. james, thank you. james — act more collectively. james, thank you, james landale, _ act more collectively. james, thank you, james landale, our— act more collectively. james, thankj you, james landale, our diplomatic correspondent in rome. teenage climate activist greta thunberg has told the bbc she hasn't been formally invited to speak at the cop26 climate summit, and says there is an issue with poorer nations not having their voices heard. she was speaking to andrew marr. of course, this is notjust a question about me. mm. but i think that many people might be scared that if they invite too many "radical" young people, then that might make them look bad. they might lose control of the argument? maybe. yeah. but, because, again, that's not about me, because, in general, lots of people, especially from the most—affected areas, are not being... are not receiving visas. but that's not because of this, but there's an underrepresentation. greta thunberg is due to take part in the climate protest in the city of london and our correspondent,
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matt graveling, is there. there is definitely a sense of anticipation here, it has got a little bit allowed here, ben. we are nowjust hours away from cop26 in glasgow but today's protest is actually campaign is taking aim at the banking sectorfor actually campaign is taking aim at the banking sector for failing to stop investing and giving loans to companies who are investing and using fossilfuels, companies who are investing and using fossil fuels, taking fossil fuels, oil, gas, out of the earth. at what is very interesting today, ben, a lot of the people here are a lot younger. they have formed a circle here, saying their message loud and proud. but a lot of them have also come from different parts of the world, different countries. i have spoken to people from brazil, portugal, the philippines. they are meeting people they have been liaising with online on social media for the very first time. this is a feeling of different organisations coming together for cop26 but coming together for co p26 but sharing coming together for cop26 but sharing their message. a lot of
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younger people say to me they never really had their message, their voices, heard before. this, they say, could be a turning point. i after today, they are all going to gather together and will continue being disallowed as they go north of the border to glasgow for cop26. being this loud.— the border to glasgow for cop26. bein: this loud. ., ~ i. , . being this loud. thank you very much indeed. last week saw the highest levels of coronavirus infections ever reported across uk — according to the office for national statistics. the infection survey found that nearly 1.3 million people in the uk, around one in 55 people, would have tested positive for coronavirus in the week to last friday. but the survey does not cover the week that's just ending, where the daily number of infections has appeared to be beginning to fall. our head of statistics, robert cuffe, is here. robert, talk us through the data. well, we are seeing winter levels of infections, and the moment, but we're not really seen winter levels of sickness. i think we can show the
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audience the figures. you can see very clearly that we are back up just above the levels of infections reported by the ons at the peak in january, nearlyi.3 reported by the ons at the peak in january, nearly 1.3 million. at the number of people in hospital is only about one quarter of what we were seeing back then —— but the number. that chart very clearly shows the phases we have had in opening up. as we went into the early summer, we saw cases rise quite sharply and since the middle ofjuly, they have been bobbling around, haven't moved very much and it is only in the last month they have really started to motor up again. that reflects the challenges of having an open society, as you move into the winter. this has been driven by younger adults. the infection rate in secondary schools may be 9% of kids to competitor about 2% of parents and 1% of other adults. it is really amongst the younger people who haven't had access to vaccinations that we are seeing this epidemic run the hardest. case numbers are starting to fall and hopefully when we come back to the ons figures next week we will see the same pattern but the jury is out
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at this time. the same pattern but the “my is out at this time.— the first minister of wales mark drakeford has warned that covid rules which had been scrapped could be brought back in order to allow people to have a "normal" christmas. new measures are already being brought in to tackle wales' high covid rates — the worst in the uk. covid passes will be extended to cinemas, theatres and concert halls from 15 november as part of the plans. pubs, restaurants and cafes might also require passes if infections climb. there are a wide range of further measures that we can take. we don't want to. we've managed to keep wales at alert level zero for many weeks, now. but with the numbers as they are in the community, we have literally thousands of people every day falling ill with the coronavirus. they can't be in work. they can't be out, helping with the economy. and we have to do something to bring those numbers down. the time is1:15 the time is 1:15 pm.
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our top story this lunchtime. �*two can play at that game' — the government warns it could retaliate if france carries out the threats it's made in the row over post—brexit fishing rights. and still to come — women in england using hormone replacement therapy for the menopause will now only pay for a prescription once a year and coming up in sport on the bbc news channel — playing in herfather�*s homeland of romania, emma raducanu's targeting more success as she prepares for tonight's quarterfinal at the transylvania open. schools across the uk have been marking black history month and from next year it ll become a mandatory part of the curriculum in wales. but in england, scotland and northern ireland teaching black history is not compulsory — despite repeated calls from campaigners. at the moment teachers can choose whether or not to include black history in their lessons. adina campbell reports. he is actually huge in history.
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garrett morgan. you know traffic lights? before — traffic lights were red and green. so, he invented the amber in between to make a three—way traffic light. new discoveries about black pioneers. classrooms in cardiff, like many others in the uk, have spent the last few weeks exploring black history. it's a really important thing. it's great to learn about where we came from, the struggles that people in your family have had. as we get older, our country'sl going to become more diverse. we have to learn - to respect one another, our cultures, our traditions. black history month continues to be divisive. every year, we hear the same debates. "it's a token gesture, why does it only last for a few weeks?" and concerns about the range of content available and discussed. but yet, perhaps more than ever, where there's been a sharp refocus about the black experience, race and racism, some say it's even more necessary.
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and that's what's happening here in wales, the first home nation to take action. from september next year, black and other ethnic minority history will be taught in all welsh schools. a move welcomed by campaigners. and, last month, a statue of betty campbell, wales's first black head teacher was unveiled in cardiff. but for most children in the uk, october is the only time in the school calendar they learn about black history. way too little and undervalued, according to the uk's first black studies professor. well, i think the first thing would be to scrap how we think about history, how we think about social studies generally. just get rid of it and start again. when we think about the british empire, africa, caribbean, asia, were part of britain. so we think about the caribbean as being somehow separate, somehow different history, we really miss the point. why, only yesterday, in the morning chronicle...
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but it's the personal discoveries which can mean even more. actor paterson joseph, who has written and performed a play about britain's first black voter, was so moved by his story, he's about to release a book about the hidden historicalfigure. the more we know about ourselves, the more confident we are. - so, when i discovered - ignatius sancho, for example, my confidence grew. of course i belong here! for many reasons. - some of them negative, - but a lot of them very positive. icons of the past many hope will be better acknowledged in the future. adina campbell, bbc news. smokers who are trying to give up could soon by offered e—cigarettes by the nhs in england. manufacturers of e—cigarettes will be invited to submit their products for approval in the same way as other medicines that are available on the nhs. our health editor hugh pym is here. so what are the arguments
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around this? the widely used by smokers trying to kick the habit with a certain of success. some smoking cessation clinics run by the nhs have handed out vaping devices, e—cigarettes, but we have not got to the point where the nhs can routinely prescribe e—cigarettes so what is now happening is the medical regulator, the nhra has announced a streamlined process for manufacturers to put forward devices so they can be approved or not is having a medicinal use and the nhra has said, based on the evidence available, across different health bodies, e—cigarettes are less harmful to health than smoking tobacco. this does not mean it is automatically going to happen, this is for england, certainly at this stage, it needs to get to the nhra for each device and then the
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organisation nice, deciding which is cost—effective for the nhs and pursuing, also has to approve it but it is seen as a step forward by enthusiasts of e—cigarettes, there are still some sceptics out there who say we do not have enough long—term research on how harmful they may be. most people really do concede it is less harmful than smoking. even though they still involve nicotine for those who are using them. but of course approaches may well differ in different nations of the uk. hugh, thank you. the energy regulator says it may change the way it caps bills for millions of households across britain as a major spike in gas prices drives suppliers out of business. ofgem has given no details of what adjustments it might make to how the cap is calculated, but will set out its thinking as it launches a consultation next month. currently the regulator caps the energy bills of more than 14 million households at £1,277 per year on average.
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the clear up has begun in cumbria after some 40 homes were flooded due to torrential rain. across the borders and north west england, there has been major road and rail travel disrupted. the met office has issued a yellow warning, meaning some disruption is possible, and the environment agency has a number of flood warnings in place. megan paterson, in cockermouth in cumbria. what is the latest? as you see, the river here it looks like a force to be reckoned with this afternoon. within the last few minutes we have seen a council worker come here to take pictures of the structural integrity of the bridge. the reassuring thing is the water has receded considerably, you can see by the line of leaves left by the river on the ground that the river has gone down. that is the case across the county. river levels have peaked, the legs are levelling out, the environment agency says this is
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an improving situation although it still will continue to reign for the next few hours. people are being advised to stay vigilant. we have not had any more reports of flooding to properties, that 40 you mentioned, but hopefully, they should not be anymore today. the environment agency the rain should ease off and the river catchment area should be able to cope with that. unfortunately there has been disruption to the roads, localised flooding making it difficult to get around for some people in cumbria today and for people trying to travel through the county, on the west coast main line, that has been difficult, the weather affecting west coast rail services. we expect later this afternoon or services should get back to some sense of normality. people are still being advised not to travel if they do not have to. the weather warning is still in place. it's been downgraded for that ember level last night. the next 24 hours we expect some rain but not as bad as we have seen the previous two days. there is a sense
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of relief here and elsewhere in cumbria, this time the flooding has not been as bad. but there's also a realisation and acceptance flooding like this is likely to happen again in the future. megan, thank you. the bbc has announced plans to improve its editorial standards and tackle claims that its programmes are biased. training on impartiality will be extended, while managers will be challenged to better represent audiences from all parts of the uk — on and off—air. our media correspondent david sillito is here. i , tell us more about what is being said. ., ., ., ., , , said. the root of all this is the martin bashir _ said. the root of all this is the martin bashir scandal. - said. the root of all this is the martin bashir scandal. and . said. the root of all this is the | martin bashir scandal. and the deception surrounding that interview with princess diana. this is why this review is being carried out. but it's gone quite right ranging in terms of all editorial processes and the question of impartiality. on the key one, why did martin bashir get away with it when there were people raising concerns back in the �*905?
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the bbc says it will improve its whistle—blowing procedures, to make sure anyone who has concerns can go to somebody and they will be investigated. there will be more external oversight of editorial processes, the complaints, some of them will be faster and more transparent in how they are dealt with but there is a much wider area of interest that is being tackled here which is allegations of bbc bias, is it covering the news fairly? and there will be a series of reviews into how the bbc covers individual stories. this is likely to be led by someone from outside the bbc and it will look at is there a full range of voices, are we covering all the right stories, and also, looking at the people within the bbc, do they come from a range of backgrounds and actually, are there assumptions about what is and what is not a story? david, thank you. the government says women will now only have to pay once a year for prescription of hormone replacement therapy or hrt
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for the menopause, cutting the cost of it significantly in england. the announcement follows a campaign from labour mp carolyn harris who wanted there to be no prescription charges at all for hrt. our political correspondent helen catt reports. they're menopausal and they're in parliament square to shout about what that means. among them, some famous faces. the night sweats prevent you from sleeping, so you can't even begin your day properly, and every amount of anxiety, every decision you have to make, is not in your control any more, and then you feel like you're having a nervous breakdown. someone who knows that all too well is adelle martin, who runs this pub in kent and helps other women through menopause. i felt like i just completely lost myself. and at the time ijust didn't know what it was. sorry. no. it was menopause. and this is why i do what i do, because ijust didn't
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want another woman... ..to look in the mirror and lose themselves like i did. adelle says hormone replacement therapy helped her. it is free on the nhs in scotland, wales and northern ireland, but has to be paid for in england. adelle's patches cost £9.35 a month on the nhs, but many other treatments that also use two hormones cost double that. in the house of commons, a labour mp pushed for change. the menopause doesn't discriminate, so the cost to treat it shouldn't either. we have got women struggling to find almost £20 a month, and itjust isn't right when this is a time in their life that women will reach. there is no avoiding the menopause for half of the population. the minister agreed. she announced doctors will now be able to prescribe 12 months worth of hrt for the cost a woman would usually pay for one batch. i can tell the house that we will amend the regulations to reduce the cost and improve access to hrt.
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we will do this by reducing the cost of repeatable prescriptions for hrt for women experiencing menopausal symptoms. that is a saving too for those who already pay less than that, £108 a year, because they have chosen to prepay for their prescription. the reaction from carolyn harris was evident. can i thank the minister, can i thank the clerks... wonderful women, thank you. so hrt won't be free in england, but it will soon cost less. another step in what seems to be a growing move to make real changes for women, at a crucial stage of their lives. helen catt, bbc news, westminster. archaeologists digging on the route of the h52 high—speed rail link have uncovered what they've described as an "astounding" set of roman statues. two complete sculptures of what appear to be a man and a woman, were found at an abandoned medieval church in buckinghamshire.
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simonjones reports. a dig with a difference, unearthing statues described as rare, remarkable, incredible. the head and shoulders of a woman. a bust of a man. plus the head from the statue of a child. in such good condition that archaeologists say it's like looking into the faces of the past. the team that found them cannot disguise their excitement or the smiles on their faces. pretty much a giant grin. everybody was really, really astounded to find them. they're just so unusual and so well preserved as well. really, really good condition. the only problem is the heads are no longer on the shoulders. we found the female head first. and what turned out to be the male shoulders. so we could tell the head did not quite fit that set of shoulders. and then the following day, we found the male head and the other set of shoulders. there used to be a norman church on the site built in 1080. this is what it would have looked like.
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it was when the team were excavating the remains of that, that they discovered another building underneath. it was a mausoleum, a roman tomb. a hexagonal glass jug was also uncovered with large pieces intact. these are the latest finds along the route of the h52 line. at london euston, thousands of skeletons are being moved from an ancient burial site. back in buckinghamshire, these statues will now be cleaned up and heads reunited with shoulders. we may never know who these people actually were. but the hope is the statues will eventually go on display, the first time they would have been seen in public for more than 1,000 years. while experts are left wondering what else might be buried beneath england's mediaeval village churches. simon jones, bbc news. time for a look at the weather — here's ben rich. more rain on the way? not a lot of
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chance for things to

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