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tv   Newsday  BBC News  October 29, 2021 1:00am-1:31am BST

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welcome to newsday. reporting live from singapore, i'm karishma vaswani. the headlines... in an exclusive interview with the bbc, the indonesian president says wealthier countries need to do more to get the world's poorer countries vaccinated. translation: i see that everyone has helped, - but in my opinion, it's not enough — notjust for indonesia, but for all developing countries, and especially for poorer countries. ahead of the 620 meeting, president biden unveils his $1.75 trillion spending plan, calling it a historic investment in the country's future. also in the programme...
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lawmakers and former employees after pressure. social media giant facebook changes its name to meta. in the political party that never loses. we take a look at the enduring success of japan's liberal democratic party. it's eight in the morning in singapore, and seven in the morning injakarta where with nearly 150,000 indonesians dead from covid, presidentjoko widodo says wealthy countries have not done enough to ensure vaccines are shared widely and equally. speaking exclusively to the bbc, the indonesian president calls for "global solidarity" to battle the pandemic and for vaccine manufacturing to be
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spread across developing and advanced countries. i asked him whether he felt betrayed by wealthier countries in the vaccine race.
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well, you are managing things better now. initially, your government downplayed the disease and as a result, didn't recognise the dangers until much later. how responsible is your government for these deaths?
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given the fact that there is such a wide difference between health infrastructure in big cities and the rest of the country, how do you defeat the pandemic when you don't really know the true extent of the problem that you're facing?
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the indonesian presidentjoko widodo speaking to me earlier in an exclusive interview. more than 160 former world leaders in global figures more than 160 former world leaders in globalfigures have called on western powers to mount an immediate military airlift of surplus covid vaccines to developing countries. addressing the italian host of the forthcoming 620 summit, the signatories, g20 summit, the signatories, including 36 former president, so that letting hundreds of millions of doses go to waste would be unethical when tens of thousands of people are still dying daily of covid.
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after months �*s negotiations, the president said compromise and consensus were the only way to get things done in a democracy. the plan includes what he calls america's greatest ever investment towards fighting climate change. it's a framework that will create millions ofjobs, grow the economy, invest in our nation and our people. turn the climate crisis into an opportunity to put us on a path not only to compete, but to win the economic competition for the 21st century. against china and every other major country in the world. it's fiscally responsible, it's fully paid for. 17 nobel prize winners and economics have said it will lower the inflationary pressures on the economy.
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peter bowes says this is a significant climb down from what president biden initially had in mind. but a necessary one. it's $3.5 trillion, was originally 1.75 trillion. that still is a colossal amount of spending, but there's been a lot of compromise, and that's what's taken the time behind the scenes, haggling between different vested interests. a lot of lobbying of democrats by people across the united states. some things have been left in and some things have been taken out to the disappointment of many. still in there, free preschool for three and four—year—olds, but taken out is free community college for when students get older and perhaps most controversial, paid family leave has been taken out. it's very common in the other countries, but not in the united states.
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essential compromises ifjoe biden was going to get anything like a bill that all sides would agree on. it's a really difficult balance that he's trying to strike. between his party's progressives and moderates. yes, and we are talking about all sides within his very wide—ranging party. from those progressives on the left, people like senator bernie sanders and others. the moderates in the middle who are a little bit more cautious about too much spending, and some on the right as well. the challenge has been to bring those sides together with proposals thatjust appealed to as many people as possible to get the number of votes that he needs. 0ne fascinating aspect is that
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really, just two moderate democratic senators have been at the centre of pulling all of this. and we still don't know whether they are in agreement with the bill as it is now written _ this isn't signed and sealed. this is still a bill in progress and happening right now, those senators and members of the house, looking at the fine print to see if they can sign off on it. peter bowes there. still to come a bit later in the programme — we'll get a preview as japan prepares to go the polls on sunday. but first. the world's largest social media site has a new name. facebook chief executive mark zuckerberg announced the company would be rebranding as meta. bringing together its different services like whatsapp and instagram under a new brand, this overhaul matters more than most.
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it's been another tough week for the firm as it faces criticism from lawmakers, regulators and former employees. its focus now is building the metaverse. but what is that? it is time for us to adopt a new company brand to encompass everything we do stop to reflect who we are and what we hope to build, i am proud to announce that starting today our company is now meta. 0ur our company is now meta. our mission remains the same, it's still about bringing people together. our still about bringing people together. 0urapps still about bringing people together. our apps and their brands, they are not changing either and we are still the company that designs technology around people. company that designs technology around maple-— around people. mark zuckerberg there on the _ around people. mark zuckerberg there on the new _ around people. mark zuckerberg there on the new name - around people. mark zuckerberg there on the new name for - there on the new name for facebook. early i spoke to evan greer, who is director of fight for the future.
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and we were given the reaction to the big announcement. that is really the question of the day. i think what's more important is who gets to define what the metaverse is. in a lot of ways, it's just a buzzword, but what we are talking about is the future of the internet and the future of technology. we're at a crossroads where we need to decide whether we will allow the mark zuckerbergs of the world to continue to define and control what the next generation of the internet looks like or whether we will fight for policies to ensure we have real choices. so we don't have too few companies that essentially have a monopoly over human attention. i'm going to talk to you injust a moment about what kinds of policies we might be able to put in places, as you point out, but in the first instance, i want to ask you this rebranding exercise, is it really going to be effective and take away from the pr nightmare we've seen
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facebook go through this week? i certainly hope not, and i don't think so. it's hard to view this as anything more than a cynical attempt for facebook to distance itself from the reality and what we've learned so clearly through these documents over the last several months and from previous facebook whistle—blowers and employees who pointed out that the company effectively employs a surveillance driven business model that's fundamentally incompatible with basic human rights and democracy. so i don't think thatjournalists will stop looking into that or scrutinising this company's behaviour because... when we look at some of the issues that facebook is facing right now, i think we really have to stop and ask ourselves at some point that should big tech have this much control over our lives? what policies do you think
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we need to put in place to ensure we do at some level limit the power of big tech? i think that's exactly the question, and it's essential that we enact policies that are notjust designed to reduce the harm of these companies, but to ensure that we can have alternatives in the future. if we passed laws that are intended to reduce the harm of facebook, but also increase the power of facebook, hthat�*s not actually benefiting. you're watching newsday on the bbc. still to come in the programme... as japan prepares to go to the polls we look at what's behind the enduring success ofjapan�*s ruling party despite the criticism over the pandemic and the tokyo 0lympics. indira gandhi, ruler of the world's largest democracy, died today. 0nly yesterday, she had spoken of dying in the service of her country and said,
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"i would be proud of it. "every drop of my blood will contribute to the growth of this nation." after 46 years of unhappiness, these two countries have concluded a chapter of history. no more suspicion, no more fear, no more uncertainty of what each day might bring. booster ignition and lift off. of discovery with a crew of six astronaut heroes and one american legend. - this is beautiful. a milestone in human history. born today, this girl in india is the seven billionth person on the planet.
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this is newsday on the bbc. i'm karishma vaswani in singapore. 0ur headlines... in an exclusive interview with the bbc, the indonesian president says wealthier countries need to do more to get the world's poorer countries vaccinated. ahead of the g20 meeting, president biden unveils his $1.75 trillion spending plan, calling it a historic investment in the country's future. the french ambassador has been summoned to the foreign office after a british trawler was detained in la habra in an ongoing row about post brexit fishing rates. the french authorities said that they were fishing without a licence but the ship's owner rejected the claims. lucy williamson reports.
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a british boat in a french port. just the kind of vessel that will be banned from unloading here next week if the battle overfishing rights continues. this one is a warning shot. seized by french police yesterday, for allegedly fishing here without permission. its crew, still inside. they didn't want to talk. "at least the weather's nice today," i said. "it's about the only thing that is," one replied. the cornelis gert jan was fishing for scallop off the normandy coast when it was stopped by police. it's been told to stay in le havre for investigation. in a statement, the company said its activity was entirely legal. "it appears our vessel is a pawn in the ongoing dispute between the uk and france," it said. france says only half the british fishing licenses it expected after brexit have been issued. unless that changes by tuesday, it's threatening to begin systematic border checks on all british goods entering channel ports and ban british boats from unloading seafood there.
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if that doesn't work, it could target french electricity supplies to the channel islands. translation: now we need . to speak the language of power, since that seems to be the only thing that this british government understands. downing street has said it will retaliate if france carries out its threats. it is very disappointing to see the comments that came from france yesterday. we believe these are disappointing and disproportionate and not what we would expect from a close ally and partner. with both sides now threatening retaliation and cross—channel relations strained across a range of issues, fishing has become a battle ground for rules and agreements post brexit — whether that's driven by principle, pragmatism, or domestic political power. the cornelis gert jan is a message from france to its ally across the channel. when it comes to fishing rights, british boats need
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to follow the rules, and so does the british government. lucy williamson, bbc news, le havre. the eu. it's the globe's third largest economy, and also the third largest emitter of c02 gases worldwide. but it's got a plan to change that. the head of the international climate conference, eu leaders say they want to help poorer nations take a bolder environmental steps, but as we report, the eu is facing challenges of its own in meeting the goals it has set for itself. the eu. it's the globe's third largest economy, and also the third largest emitter of c02 gases worldwide. but it's got a plan to change that. the european commission's green deal — this is its promotion video — wants the eu to be carbon neutral by 2050.
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even though the finish line is 30 years away, the race starts now. targeting all sectors of the economy and trade, it's an ambitious world first, but... there is actually no enforceable road map in place, so in the end, is the green deal the big deal the european commission would have us believe? there's a lot of issues with the green deal, but maybe the main ones are that the targets are not binding and they're not enforceable, and it's been green washed and watered down by the fossil fuel industry and their lobbying. the eu denies that, but lobbyists are familiar faces in the corridors of brussels, their activities listed in the eu transparency register. using a mixture of money and meetings, subsidies and sponsorships, five oil and gas corporations and their lobby groups are estimated to have spent over a quarter of a billion euros, targeting eu decision makers over the last decade.
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as for eu member states, the aim is to go greener, but the transition is proving tricky. for some, more than others. big, influential germany still burns a lot of coal. this plant helps heat berlin. here, like across germany and the rest of the eu, there are plans under way to reduce the reliance on fossil fuels, but all too often, political realities clash with environmental goals, and the climate can is often kicked just that much further down the road. germany is by far the biggest c02 emitter in europe. we would have been earlier in our climate action, but now it's a priority. but relations between fossil fuel groups, industry and mps here, are often described as too cosy. there is this conflict of interest with law makers with second jobs in big
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polluting industries, there's the fact a lot of the gdp of this country comes from big polluting industries. there is always the attempt of big industries that go out and ask them what they think, for example about me, and you will see, at least in this building here, there is no conflict of interest. as politicians haggle now over green deal details, on the streets of europe, there's a rising sense of fear — that the time for talk is over, their future is slipping away. katya adler, bbc news, brussels. japan goes to the polls on sunday, less than two months after prime minister fumio kishida was elected leader of the ruling liberal democratic party. the party is expected to lose seats, but not lose power. in fact, the ldp has failed to retain power in only two elections since 1955.
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so, what explains the enduring success of a party that regularly gets the votes ofjust a quarter of japan's registered voters? from tokyo, rupert wingfield—hayes reports. for all but six of the last 65 years, japan has been led by the same political party, the ldp. this weekend's election looks certain to be won by them again. yet the ldp is not especially popular. it's been led by a succession of rather un—charismatic men, so what explains its tremendous success? partly, it starts here in the japanese countryside. this town of 5,000 people is an ldp stronghold. most residents here are old and old people vote. we met this couple on their way to cast their ballot — that's right, for the ldp. translation: it will be
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a huge mess if we let i the opposition win. they don't have the experience ldp has. translation: i agree with my husband. - part of the reason why the ldp does so well is that it's always made sure that the taxpayer money keeps flowing into places in the countryside, particularly to build infrastructure. this place has a perfectly good road on the other side of the valley, but a few years ago, they decided they needed another one. for that, they needed to build this tunnel. you see stuff like this all over ruraljapan — fantastic infrastructure of questionable economic benefit, but one that certainly brings jobs and votes in rural areas. what about japan's opposition parties? a candidate for the communist party is trying to drum up support. there are these nine opposition parties injapan.
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it's one reason they do so badly. this is one of the very few ways that opposition parties injapan have of getting their message out to potential voters, because door—to—door campaigning in japan is not allowed, and that gives the incumbent party a tremendous advantage because their leaders are on the television news every night. we asked some young voters if they recognise the leader of japan's biggest opposition party. 0nce or twice, i know his face, but i don't remember his name. are you interested in the election? are you going to bother voting? actually, no. young urbanites don't vote and don't know who to vote for, but even if they did, their vote would count a lot less than if they lived in the countryside. today, the vast majority of japanese voters live in big cities like this one, but the voting districts have not been modernised to reflect this huge shift of population from the rural to the urban.
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and very simplistic terms, that means today, you need a lot more votes to get elected in an urban constituency then in a rural one. all of this is a good news for the prime minister who can rely on mps from rural strongholds to keep them in power. rupert wingfield—hayes, bbc news, tokyo. before we go i want to bring you the story about astronomers who have spotted signs of a planet in a distant galaxy that, if confirmed, would make it the first planet discovered outside the milky way. the possible x0 planet candidate, meaning a planet that orbits a star other than the sun is located a spiral galaxy, a whirlpool galaxy and appears to orbit a star much larger than the sun and is roughly the size of saturn. it is thought to be
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about 28,000,000 light years away. well, that's all the time we have for you. thanks for joining us. stay with bbc news. hello. with a number of weather and flood warnings in force where it's been so very wet, it's certainly worth keeping across those if you've got travel plans going into the weekend. a weekend which will bring more rain at times, but not all the time. there'll be some sunshine, too. saturday, for many, looks like a fine day. quite windy this weekend, and it will turn a little cooler. the low pressure very much in charge, but the frontal system that's brought so much rain does clear away during friday. another one with rain overnight and clearing early on saturday, but then a stronger area of low pressure with more rain and wind for part two of the weekend on sunday. this is how things are starting off on friday morning, with a lot of cloud around, with outbreaks of rain in many areas, including moving into those parts of eastern england that have spent much of this week dry.
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but the idea is that all of this will slowly clear eastwards as the day goes on. northern ireland soon getting into the sunshine during friday morning. for many other places, it will turn drier and brighter into the afternoon. but even in the afternoon, still some rain falling in parts of the midlands, northern england and eastern scotland before here, too, things improve into the evening. still mild out there. it'll feel a little fresher, and it does turn cooler over the weekend. more showers running into south west england, wales and northern ireland on friday evening. and that's from the next weather front coming in, that makes further progress north and eastwards going into saturday morning. a touch cooler as saturday starts. so, early on on saturday, this will be moving through with some outbreaks of showery rain. they'll be quite heavy, but a lot of that does clear away into the afternoon. and following on behind, plenty of sunshine, just the chance of catching a shower. so, for many, saturday afternoon will be dry, temperatures will just come down a degree or so. but the lull before the next weather system doesn't last very long, and it's this area
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of low pressure and again going into sunday, so another swathe of quite heavy rain along it. that will be gradually pushing its way north and east as the day goes on. may take quite a bit of time before it gets into northernmost parts of scotland. behind it, it will be brightening up, but you may see some heavy showers moving in, and it'll be windiest through southern parts of england and south wales. that's your weekend for you. into next week, showers, some sunshine at times and for all parts, it'll be turning colder as we get into november.
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this is bbc news. we'll have the headlines and all the main news stories for you at the top of the hour straight after this programme. what are we going to ask keir starmer? i have been thinking about this for ages, because we have wanted to get him on the pod for ages, haven't we? there is so much we could ask. five—a—side football? i've always wanted to ask him about that. what's it like finally doing a conference speech? in front of actual people. reacting to the budget. in front of actual... hang on, he's got covid. he's at home. 0h. what are we going to do? we have got his stand in! it's the shadow chancellor rachel reeves, who did this very thing in the budget response in parliament this week. hello, rachel.


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