tv 100 Women BBC News October 28, 2021 2:30am-2:59am BST
every child in an independent and prosperous united kingdom. here's the opposition labour party's rachel reeves, who was filling in for leader keir starmer after he tested positive for covid—19. the shadow chancellor told parliament many people wouldn't benefit. families struggling with a cost of living crisis, businesses- hit by a supply chain crisis, i those who rely on our schools and hospitals and police. they won't recognise the world that - the chancellor is describing. they will think that he is i living in a parallel universe.
the chancellor in thisl budget has decided to cut taxes for banks. so, at least the bankers - on short—haul flights sipping champagne will be cheering this budget today. - now on bbc news, life on thin ice follows three generations of inuit women to see the impact that climate change has had on their community. banging drum. #ayayayayayayay... climate change came along and it changed everything. due to the ice melting, we've seen all of these changes. it's affecting us up
here in the arctic circle. i am worried about the future. we have lagoon on one side, sound on the other. - we don't have any room to give. we don't know what's going to happen. - inupiaq have been here for thousands of years, but now my children really have no idea what's ahead of them, and it's scary.
kotzebue has a population about 3,000 people. it's a nice place, very isolated, no roads. the only way that we go to the village is either by one of the commuter planes... summertime, we go by boat. wintertime, we go by snow machine. very few people are dog team. i originated to kotzebue about 35 years ago, raised four sons and two daughters. i have m grandchildren and two great grandchildren. my inupiaq name is pequq. we like to be called inupiaq, not eskimo. inupiaq means real people. eskimo, that's a non—native�*s definition of us. we as inupiaq people, we know our land. it's like our heartbeat. we know how to survive, how the moon controls the high waters and low waters.
we are our own almanac. but then climate change came along and it changed everything. suddenly we get a tropic warm—up. everything starts to melt. but we've dealt with this for the last ten, 15 years. we learned to keep the frustration at bay. do we know we are in danger today? we know it's there. we just have to learn how to deal with it. you're listening to kotz 720 am. i'm wesley early with this news update. summer temperatures were three degrees warmer on average this year. that's on top of a record spring that was six degrees warmer than the previous record~ _
those high temperatures mean warmer waters in the kotzebue sound, and that could mean changes to winter subsistence hunts. in the winter... radio fades out. i've always loved being outside with my dad, and just hunting and trapping and fishing. you know, once you're out there, you kind of feel super insignificant, which maybe a lot of people wouldn't like to feel. you're kind of at the lands mercy and the weather's mercy, and the animals�* mercy then. my dad, he was blessed with three girls at first, and typically it's the guys who go out hunting. you know, he had to kind of work with what he had. when i was younger, i didn't want to be, like, native, you know? um, like, i have some lighter—skinned friends
and i kind of wanted to be lighter—skinned, lighter skin—toned. but now, like, it's so celebrated. hunting and fishing and living a subsistence lifestyle, ifeel like it's a huge part of my identity. that's part of who i am. 0k. are you ready to pull up yourtraps? yep. we can chop them and see if there's any beavers in there. worried is an understatement when myfamily_ is out on the ice. anything can happen. we live in a place where, er, you know, that nature rules. i things can turn quickly, i that the weather can turn quickly and, orthe ice breaks up earlier than usual, or theyi can fall through the ice. and they have, i you know, before! so it can be pretty— nerve—racking for a mom at home
waiting for her crew. it's kind of like christmas, huh? you never know what you're going to get. no, nothing in that one either, huh? well, we're going to have to put new bait out. it is important to store food for the winter and to make sure you can get as much as you can of a certain meat or a berry when it's in season, because in the dead of winter we only have a few hours of daylight per day. over the past few years, we've seen all these changes. you know, there'll be a little less of an animal. maybe they won't come at all. caribou is one of our main food sources.
this year, we didn't get any caribou. usually they come pretty close in the fall. we're able to just go up the river by boat and shoot some caribou and stock our freezers full, but we weren't able to do that this year. due to the ice melting, there are a lot of new waterways opening up. this will be used for a lot of shipping vessels to make their routes easier, but the problem with this is that there's a lot of noise that the ships make and this can have a lot... a big effect on our animals, our marine wildlife. it's just if like we were trying to have a conversation and then there's like this construction happening outside, we're going to want to move to a different room to have our conversation. so that's what the animals are doing.
a lot of them are relocating. in a few years, i'm afraid that we won't have the subsistence lifestyle. we won't have the connection to the land like we used to, and my children in the future won't be able to feel this connection. so that's what i'm talking about in terms of climate change. just earlier today when we left, it was all solid ice all the way across. and thenjust in a couple of hours, a storm surge happens and it broke up all these pieces of ice and it's moving 'em back in. and what was once frozen this morning isjust back open again. and that's the danger that we live in nowadays, you know? it could change just like that. 0k, we'll take the trap off. 'if you can't predict the weather, 'you just can't predict your safety, really.�* remember, mom doesn't want you guys to get all sealy. right.
0k. l you know, we notice all these changes, um, because we're a part of it, because we see it and it's almost like having, you know, thousands and thousands of scientists out here every day watching things and making observations, you know? it's not an if, it's a fact. it's right before you. you can't deny it. you know? it's important to use every part of the animal because it gave itself up to you, for you to eat and for your family to eat and for your community to eat. ok, you remember how to do this? uh, yes. we take the first one first. in our culture, we have, erm, we're very communal. we make sure that we give the first or a good portion of our catch to especially
elders who taught us. they taught us how to do all of this and we want to make sure that they're eating well. they sing i talk to my daughters a lot and i have 16 grandkids. when i'm around them, i try to share what i've learned, my life stories and how we were brought up. then we have...how we live as inupiaq people. if you want to live a good life, grasp some of that. anything domestic i never really learned as a kid. i'm taking into account to learn it now, just because here you kind of need to know all the skills to survive, and i want to be
able to pass down those domestic skills to my kids. you do it from this way or like...- ..when you hold the fur? so make sure this fur is under. back in the day, they had to strive for perfection in those things, notjust to be perfect but because a lot of times the stitching was important because they have to go out in a0 below and, you know, make sure that everything was just right. well, a lot of times - you have to be watertight. when i was growing up, you know, the environment was very different. cold. it was extremely cold and lots of snow in the wintertime. lots of snow, yeah. some of the snow would cover the... go up as far as a roof of some homes. and so it was very different. you know, you'd be hard pressed to find anyone that lives in this area that doesn't believe in climate change
or global warming or anything, because we live it every day. we see the effects on the ice from year to year. we see the difference in the migration of the animals. the ice underneath the tundra, the permafrost, it's supposed to be frozen. it stays frozen, you know, 365 days a year. we have to even have our houses on stilts because the heat from your house will melt the permafrost underneath. the temperatures rising in our area with the ice and the glaciers melting, and the water is more than it used to be, and the storms are different than they used to be. the erosion is happening and some other villages are in danger of losing the entire village.
kotzebue is projected to disappear at some point because of global warming and the waters rising. we are right on the ocean at sea level. there's a fear that at some point our life is going to be moved, drastically changed or non—existent. my children really have no idea what's ahead of them, and it's scary. you're listening to kotz 720 am. i'm wesley early with this news update. as climate change hits coastal communities in alaska, many tribes are being forced to consider moving from their ancestral lands. the house that we live in now, that my family lives in now, is the house that my parents
built and my dad built this entire house. so it's the house that i grew up in. chickens! i like how they look at you with one eyeball. we're here, you know, we're on the back side in our house. it's shallow here, all the way over. yeah, there's... it's like four feet deep out here, you know. even when we go to camp, we have to go around the sandbar and then it's only, like, four feet. i am worried about the future of kotzebue because we're on a small spit, you know? we have lagoon on one side and sound on the other. we don't have any room to give, you know? like, if the water was to come up...| don't know how many feet, it would come over the road. my house is close to the lagoon. but it looks cool. can you take the hood off?
no, it's cool! child wails. 0k, gk. show daddy first. let me see. it's not easy living here, but the sense of community and the closeness that we have with people in our community is how i feel like i want my children to be raised. this is my mom and me when i was a baby, and she made everything that i'm wearing. the front sea wall was put up to preserve that front street. from the time that i was a kid till the time that it got put up, it narrowed a lot. there were spaces where it was only a one—way street.
i don't know much about permafrost. you know, i don't... i'm not a scientist, but i can tell you what i've seen with my eyes. when i was in high school, we would take trips down the coast with our four—wheelers and we could go all the way down. but now, like, even this summer, there was whole sides of the tundra, like, falling and you can see the melting. you canjust...there was like a stream of melting permafrost, you know, going up to the ocean. so i know it's melting. i know it is. this is a moose. people make, like, handles, knife handles and stuff. we don't leave anything. even the head — we'll take the whole head and use it. so this is the old puppy pen that my dad built. and then john took it
and made a drying rack. so right now, we have a deboned moose. you'd need to come in the summer when i'm doing strips because it's like a four—day process. it is like extreme free—range. 0ur food comes from out there. it's roaming all those thousands and thousands of untouched acres of, you know, tundra and mountains and, you know, no pollution. i believe that eskimos or inupiaq people need to eat the food that their ancestors ate. chuckles get out of the kitchen while i'm cooking! we don't have anything that connects us to a road system so the only way that things can get groceries and every item that you can physically see got here was by air. that inflates the cost
of your item because you're having to pay for the freight to get here. it's crazy how expensive things are. milk is, like, $11 a gallon. money makes the world go around, i guess. oh, yeah! is it spicy? no. j 0k. 0ur predictable winters, you know, where we could say, "by october whatever, 15, it's going to be frozen enough to where i could do this," it's not happening any more. it's so different every year. it's like a weird sliding scale. we don't know what's going to happen. what if i don't get fish or what if i don't get something that i was counting on getting? i wanted to go fishing today. i actually called my aunt and she said, "we're not going to camp.
let's go fishing." and then she called me maybe seven last night and said, "i don't know if we can go fishing. "it's supposed to be high water." they had one of those roads back here blocked because the water was going up on it at 6:00 this morning. look. when it's like this, it means the water is high. it's all the way up here. when we dug in here, you could see the water. i don't feel safe going out here because i can't see where the dark spots are because it snowed, you know, it stormed over the ice. and then we had that high water that came all the way up here. so i don't know if there's water in between the ice that was already established, and the snow that snowed on top of it. you could lose your feet to frostbite if you stepped through this, right here. it's dangerous. you have to have multiple ways of deciding what
you're going to do. you know, you can'tjust be like, "oh, it's cold out. "i'm going to go on the ice." you know, was there high water? was it warm? did it freeze? and then — just like this — did it snow? you can't see where there could be dark spots. you know, it's kind of dangerous. i was born and raised here. i was born in the middle of winter here. i can't imagine not knowing what snow and ice is. mother nature is our mother. she cares for us. she supplies for us.
why is there climate change? caused by human people. the very people that mother is nurturing. humans are abusive. man can be the culprit behind greed to ruin the first peoples... people that know and thrive with the heartbeat of mother earth. why? why can't they ask us? it's just... it's a hard pill to swallow. we don't just want to survive, we want to thrive on this land.
i can't imagine having to relocate your whole home just because the water is coming up over it. it's devastating as a community. my ancestors, they've been living off this - land for a long time. they've passed down their| knowledge about the land. the inupiaq, we're connected as a community, so i think. if we really stick together in that, we'll be able - to adapt to the changes. i think the rest of the world need to learn from indigenous people, because they learn throughout their lifespan to know how to survive. people have hearts. doesn't matter if you are a billionaire, don't matter if you live in a beautiful home. the magic is we're connected
to the land, so there's time to rejuvenate hearts. this new generation, they can change their energy to fix mother earth. hello, 24—hour rain totals have now surpassed 230mm in the wettest parts of the cumbrian hills, and the met office amber warning for rain continues across cumbria and south—west scotland into thursday. there's more rain to come and, as all that water feeds down through the rivers and streams, the risk of flooding and disruption increases from a weather front
which is very much still around in the day ahead, pulses of energy running along it just enhancing the rainfall. so, there will be more rain to come on a very wet day in cumbria, for a time more widely across southern, central and eastern scotland, from the eastern side of northern ireland, before it eases here, and pushing into more of north—west england and wales, and south—west england as the day goes on. northern scotland, sunny spells and a chance for showers, brightening up in northern ireland. largely dry through central and eastern parts of england. these are your wind speed averages — gusts are high, particularly with the rain band along irish sea coasts, gusting near 50mph in places, and the higher temperatures will be those parts of eastern england that break out into a few sunny spells — we could see 18 celsius again. there will be further rain overnight thursday into friday, but the idea is it's starting to move further east on another very mild night. and on friday, that rain will reach parts of eastern england that have stayed dry through much of the week.
there'll be another spell of rain moving through scotland, but, as it all begins to pull away eastwards, it will be much drier to end friday, and particularly in those areas that have seen so much rain so far this week. at the same time, temperatures are coming down a few degrees. we're not finished with the rain, though — low pressure still very much in charge for the weekend, and another band of wet weather will arrive friday night into saturday. it does look as if it's moving a little quicker now, this, so it will bring a spell of rain overnight into saturday, but clears away more readily on saturday, allowing a drier, brighter day after the rain with a few showers around. again, notice our temperatures are edging downwards. it looks at this stage as if sunday will be the wetter day of the weekend. as low pressure feeds in yet more rain, some will be heavy as it moves its way northwards. the wind starts to pick up again, as well, and even after the rain, there'll be some heavy showers around.
in our possession the firearm that was fired by mr baldwin. this is the firearm we believe discharged the bullet. in a bbc exclusive — new details about the fall of afghanistan and fresh claims about the country's former president. the truth about trees — new research suggests logging and wildfires could be causing some of the world's biggest forests to produce more carbon than they absorb. and, australian footballer, josh cavallo, has become the only top level, male professional player to come out as gay.