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tv   Newsday  BBC News  October 26, 2021 1:00am-1:31am BST

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welcome to newsday, reporting live from singapore, i'm karishma vaswani. the headlines. the un warns of a �*countdown to catastrophy�* in afghanistan — with half the country going hungry and millions of people facing starvation. people are desperate — this little girl has been sold by her parents, so the family can buy food. we know there are other families who sold their children and even while we have been here another person came up been here another person came up to one of our team and asked if we would like to buy their child. the desperation and the urgency of the situation is hard to put in words. new covid rules are coming soon for travellers to the us —
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most will need proof of vaccination — but bans on non—us citizens arriving from many countries will end. facebook says its spending billions on safety — as a whistleblower tells british mps that the social media platform is making hatred worse. and — it's a royal affair — as japan gets ready for their princess to marry a commoner — before the couple leave for a new life in the united states. hello and welcome to the programme. let's start in afghanistan — and a distressing snapshot — of the unravelling humanitarian situation. the un has warned of a �*countdown to catastrophe,�* with millions facing starvation. already, hospitals are seeing horrific scenes of malnutrition.
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the situation has deteriorated sharply, since the taliban seized power in august. international funds, which propped up the economy have been stopped — as the world debates how to deal with the new regime. our correspondent, yogita limaye — cameraman sanjay ganguly — and producer imogen anderson have witnessed, first—hand, the dire situation on the ground in herat. a warning — there are disturbing images, in this report, from the start. this is what starvation does to a country. to its tiniest lives. six—month—old usman. habib ur—rehman, born three months ago. afghanistan was barely surviving before the taliban took over, but now foreign funds which propped up this
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country have been frozen. putting at leasti million children at risk of dying. in this ward, one in five will not make it. usman weighs less than half of what he should. his father among millions who have no work. usman�*s mother told us, his twin is in a room next door. this hospital is full.
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some babies are already sharing a bed. while we were there, six more children were brought in. it�*s the only facility for hundreds of miles because, without foreign money, most hospitals are collapsing. doctors and nurses among masses of government workers who haven�*t been paid for months. a third of the country�*s people don�*t know where their next meal will come from. we travelled out of herat to a rural settlement. tens of thousands displaced from remote provinces by decades of war and severe drought. no means of income, barely any food. some days, families here don�*t eat. they have sold whatever little they had, and now some are
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forced to do the unthinkable. this baby girl has been sold by her family. we�*re hiding their identity to protect them. her husband used to collect rubbish, but even that earns him nothing now. once the baby is able to walk, she�*ll be taken away by the man who bought her.
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he�*s paid more than half of the £400 she�*s been sold for. that will get the family through a few months. they�*ve been told the girl will be married to his child, but no one can be sure. we know there are other families here who�*ve sold their children, and even while we�*ve been here, another person came up to one of our team and asked if we would like to buy their child. the desperation and the urgency of the situation is hard to put in words. there is no more time left to reach the people of afghanistan. it cannot wait while the world debates whether or not to recognise a taliban government. nearby, aid agencies hand out parcels that might save some children from hunger. alone, they can�*t provide for the staggering needs. giving the taliban money without guarantees on human rights and how the funds will be used is dangerous. but afghanistan is sinking fast. millions here will not survive the winter. yogita limaye, bbc news, herat.
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our correspondent secunder kermani has more from the afghan capital kabul: some humanitarian aid is still continuing into afghanistan, but given the sheer scale of the crisis right now, it�*s simply not enough. but afghanistan�*s economy, including the vast majority of public spending — that�*s on things like health care, teachers�* salaries — all of that was deeply dependent on international funding, and that�*s what stopped at the same time $9 billion of afghanistan�*s foreign reserves were frozen by the united states. so, there�*s a real shortage of cash here, and that�*s what�*s driven this crisis. western diplomats, however, they have deep concerns about the taliban, about their willingness to crack down on groups like al-qaeda, for example, about their treatment of women and young girls.
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the taliban want international legitimacy, they say they want international assistance, but it�*s not clear what they�*re willing to compromise on to get it. time to find a solution to this, though, is running out. let�*s take a look at some other stories in the headlines. the egyptian president, abdel fattah al sisi, has ended the state of emergency that had been in force in egypt since april twenty seventeen. in a facebook post, mr al sisi said he would not be extending the measure because egypt had become — as he put it — an oasis of security and stability. facebook has removed a video by brazilian presidentjair bolsonaro from its platforms because he made false claims suggesting coronavirus vaccines could cause aids. in this video — president bolsonaro can be seen reading from a fake scientific study, which has been widely circulated amongst conspiracy theorists on social media.
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a german woman who joined the islamic state group has been jailed for ten years over the killing of a yazidi child she and her husband bought as a slave when the islamic state group occupied iraq. a court in munich found thatjennifer wenisch allowed her husband, who was also a member of islamic state to chain the girl outside, leaving her to die. new covid rules are coming into force soon for travellers to the united states. most will have to show proof of vaccination, but there are some exemptions. current bans on non—us citizens arriving from many countries will also end. i got the details from our north america correspondent peter bowes. this essentially lifts restrictions for some 33 countries, restrictions that have been enforced throughout the pandemic. but it means now that foreign nationals — those non—us citizens — will be able to travel back into the united states again,
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as long as they have been fully vaccinated by one of the vaccines approved by the world health organization or the food and drug administration here in the united states, and within 72 hours — so three days of travelling — they have to test negative. for us citizens, they don�*t have to be fully vaccinated, but they must test negative within 2a hours of travelling, of getting onto the plane, so that�*s a slight tightening of the restrictions there. another exemption is children under the age of 18, and that is because in some parts of the world, the vaccine just isn�*t available to children within that age group, or in some cases, less children are eligible for a vaccine. so, under 18, that requirement doesn�*t exist for children. it�*ll be the airlines responsible for policing these new rules. there�*ll be some sharing of contact information necessary as well, so some contract tracing information provided to the airlines for people when they get to the united states. and just briefly, peter, this
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is all taking place against the backdrop of some rising cases. how concerned are people about a winter surge? i think clearly, there�*s concern, and the very fact for us citizens that are not vaccinated coming back to this country, they have to test negative within 2a hours. that�*s a small window, and i think that reflects the concern that the administration here is doing everything possible to encourage vaccination, and for all the numbers have been dropping here in recent weeks, there are some signs in the northeast and in the midwest that those numbers are rising again. the ceo of facebook, mark zuckerberg, has said the company is on track to spend five billion dollars this year on safety and security. his comments come within hours of testimony by a former facebook manager to law—makers in london. she said facebook was unquestionably making hate worse, adding that the firm�*s
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safety teams were under resources. our technology correspondent rory cellanjones has more facebook, a corporate giant used by 2.9 billion people, an empire which includes instagram, whatsapp and the virtual reality business oculus. but now that empire stands accused of putting profits before people. frances, we�*re delighted you�*ve been able to make this trip to be in london and give evidence to us. at westminster this afternoon, francis haugen, the whistle—blower who�*s made that charge, told mps and peers what she learned inside the company. she said events like january�*s storming of the us congress were made more likely because of the way facebook was designed. the algorithms take people who have very mainstream interests, and they push them towards extreme interests. you can be someone centre—left, and you'll get pushed to radical left. you can be centre—right,
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and you'll get pushed to radical right. you can be looking for healthy recipes, you'll get pushed to anorexia content. she described how instagram facilitated bullying which would follow children home from school, so that it would be with them day and night. and she put much of the blame on facebook�*s founder. you know, mark zuckerberg has unilateral control over 3 billion people, right? there's no will at the top to make sure these systems are run in an adequately safe way. frances haugen�*s testimony comes just as politicians here seem united on the need to rein in facebook and other online giants. but exactly how a new law would work, well, that�*s far from clear. the whistle—blower told the committee what was needed from facebook was complete transparency about its inner workings. tonight, the social media giant had this response. i would encourage people to look at what the actual facts are, and hopefully they can see that this . is something to this| company prioritises. and let's be honest, -
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it's in our financial interest to make sure that people have a good experience i on our site. frances haugen has now taken her allegations about her former employer to politicians in westminster and washington. but while facebook�*s reputation has certainly been damaged, so far, its finances remain very healthy. rory cellan—jones, bbc news. if you want to get in touch with me i�*m on twitter — @bbckarishma you�*re watching newsday on the bbc. still to come on the programme...(tx oov + a royal affair —japan gets ready for their princess to marry a commoner — in a subdued, pared—down ceremony. indira gandhi, ruler of the world�*s largest democracy, died today. only yesterday, she had spoken of dying in the service of her country and said, "i would be proud of it. "every drop of my blood
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will contribute to the "growth of this nation." after 46 years of unhappiness, these two countries have concluded a chapter of history. no more suspicion, no more fear, no more uncertainty of what each day might bring. booster ignition and lift off. of discovery with a crew of six astronaut heroes and one american legend. - this is beautiful. a milestone in human history. born today, this girl in india is the seven billionth person on the planet.
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this is newsday on the bbc. our headlines: the un warns of a countdown to catastrophy in afghanistan with millions of people facing starvation. new covid rules are coming soon for travellers to the us — most will need proof of vaccination —— but bans on non—us citizens arriving from many countries will end. today the annual south east asian leaders summit will begin virtually. top of the agenda will be coronavirus, the political crisis and ongoing deadly violence in myanmar. notably, the meeting is taking place without myanmar s junta leader, who was not invited... while the us president — joe biden — will take part for the first time in four years, to engage allies in a collective effort to push back against china. for more on this, i�*m joined now by the bbc�*s jonathan head in bangkok. joined now by the bbc�*s great
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joined now by the bbc�*s to have you on newsday. given great to have you on newsday. given the state of affairs, will any decision be made on myanmar? it will any decision be made on myanmar?— myanmar? it is not really a decision-making _ myanmar? it is not really a decision-making forum. i myanmar? it is not really a decision-making forum. al myanmar? it is not really a - decision-making forum. a great decision—making forum. a great deal of what is talked about isn�*t reflected very strongly in the final statement. the summit is relatively low—key affair but this one really is extraordinary. myanmar is a member and the de facto leader of the country has been barred from entering and it has caused a huge row. the other members have suggested that in view of the conflict and the contested legitimacy there is a national unity government backed by the opposition which claims far more legitimacy to run myanmar but only senior civil servant should represent myanmar. the military has turned that down flat and said it is going to invoke various dispute
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mechanisms to pursue what it saysis mechanisms to pursue what it says is its right to attend fully. so, you know, it is fought over this and it is a real challenge. everyone lauded them for taking this unprecedented action against the member, normally it avoids internal conflict. at the moment there�*s a lot of bad blood and it is not clear where the envoy can go next. you can blocked, effectively, from starting admission because the military is refusing to allow him to meet. that really hangs over the summit. even as an internal problem and were normally far more interested in the engagement of the big powers like the us and china and their interest in this region but the dilemma is not something that can be resolved at the moment. jae
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something that can be resolved at the moment.— at the moment. joe biden appearing _ at the moment. joe biden appearing virtually - at the moment. joe biden appearing virtually at - at the moment. joe bidenl appearing virtually at least at the moment. joe biden . appearing virtually at least to the summit. how much of a factor without us china contentious relationship be at the summit?— contentious relationship be at the summit? . , , the summit? labels delighted in the summit? labels delighted in the fact that _ the summit? labels delighted in the fact that they _ the summit? labels delighted in the fact that they attract - the summit? labels delighted in the fact that they attract this - the fact that they attract this big power interest but because it is their backyard they also care about that rivalry between china and the united states is managed. i think they�*re pleased to have the united states back in president trump showed little interest in southeast asia but they are concerned about what way will present biden for his country back in. he has talked about need to engage with the region but what they say recently is the new submarine and military deal with australia and the uk, the emphasis the us puts on the so—called agreement with china
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and india, the suggest notjust and india, the suggest notjust a continuation of a more military involvement of the us in the region which worries them, the threat of a confrontation with china but it does not appear to put them at the centre which is what they would like. they�*re glad the americans are back and would like to see the us and china engaged but many countries are still very worried about the trajectory of us china rivalry and what impact that is going to have on their stability and on their economies.- to have on their stability and on their economies. thank you forjoining _ on their economies. thank you forjoining us— on their economies. thank you forjoining us on _ on their economies. thank you forjoining us on newsday - on their economies. thank you forjoining us on newsday with | forjoining us on newsday with that fascinating analysis. the us has suspended hundreds of millions of dollars in aid to sudan, after the military overthrew the civilian government there. three people have been killed after soldiers opened fire on protesters. anne soy reports. keeping the flames of democracy alive.
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it is here on the streets of sudan cities they were fanned, and the people are back trying to stop the military extinguishing them. they shared power with the army and there was the promise of elections, so the coup is seen as a betrayal. translation: we re'ect it completely. * we have to go back to the constitutional document. the government should be handed to civilians and you should free all those you detained. thousands heeded the call to defend democracy and some are paying a heavy price. but many of these images were blocked on state media. they played patriotic songs all day instead, breaking only to bring this announcement by the head of the ruling council. translation: first, a state of emergency is declared - all over the country. protesters believe the military possible actions today, including putting the prime minister under house arrest, speak far louder than their words. many, including aid agencies in the country, are concerned about what happens now. we're just so concerned. this was a big humanitarian
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situation before, with 14- million people in need - of humanitarian assistance. there are over a million refugees hosted here, i and yet this country- is struggling to move on, and it was in some ways, i it feels like everything has gone back to square one. it�*s just two years since the streets last looked like this, with long—term leader al—bashir being overthrown. it was hoped there would be some stability, but today, that hope seems shattered. anne soy, bbc news. it will have none of the pomp, ceremony and glamour that many of us might expect of a royal wedding when princess mako, eldest niece ofjapan s emperor, gets married on tuesday. insead the nuptials with her commoner partner, kei komuro, will be a formality,
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followed by a press conference later to confirm their union. its an alliance that has been marred by controversy since their engagement several years ago. shihoko goto is from the wilson centre in washington. she has more details on this different royal wedding! it is going to be inspirational nonetheless. you have to remember that the japanese royal lineage requires not only women to, they cannot succeed the throne, but also even if they are members of the imperial household once they marry they actually have to leave the family. so by its nature because they�*re leaving the family and she�*s marrying a coroner she is preparing to be nonroyal so that is one of the
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biggest reasons for this particular wedding to be quite demure. but another one, a lot of people are not happy with the selection, including her own parents. been portrayed as a gold—digger, his family, his mother in particular has had financial problems, that is really been played up by the media. so what she is doing is not in the issue marrying outside of the royal family, she is also announcing some of the trappings including about $1 million that comes with it. to be able to marry the love of her life. it to be able to marry the love of her life. , , her life. it is extremely romantic, _ her life. it is extremely romantic, i— her life. it is extremely romantic, i have - her life. it is extremely romantic, i have to - her life. it is extremely | romantic, i have to say. her life. it is extremely - romantic, i have to say. but certainly it does shine a light on the attitudes, i think it would be fair to say, two female succession of the imperial throne. female succession of the imperialthrone. how female succession of the imperial throne. how has this been seen and received in japan? there is some debate about allowing females to
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succeed but it hasn�*t really moved much in this particular wedding is not going to move anything at all. again, the popular media, and you have remember unlike the british royalfamily, the japanese royal family, the japanese imperial royalfamily, the japanese imperial household does not have a huge amount, most people are fairly neutral so doesn�*t get tabloid coverage or anything of that ilk. but there are people who are the royal family, they imperial household, and they are not particularly happy with this but here�*s the thing. when that will actually of her life and moved to the united states. let�*s just show you these live pictures from la palma, where a volcano has been spewing lava and ash for over a month now. far from the eruption slowing down, a new lava channel has appeared after a second cone partially collapsed on monday. so far, lava has destroyed nearly 900 hectares of land
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and two thousand buildings. that�*s all for now — stay with bbc world news. hello there. after a day of sunshine and showers on monday, the weather on tuesday is going to look very different, and here�*s why. this cloud here in the atlantic is pushing in from the west, and that�*s bringing with it some outbreaks of rain. ahead of that, though, with some clearer skies, it will be a bit cooler across eastern scotland and eastern parts of england. but out to the west, it�*s milder to start the day with this rain around. some quite heavy rain, too. that rain shouldn�*t last too long. in northern ireland, we�*ll see a a spell of rain pushing eastwards through the morning across scotland and northern england, but the rain further south tends to become light and patchy. most of that rain will have cleared in the afternoon, leaving some drizzle around some western hills, but to the east of high ground, perhaps some sunshine, many places becoming dry in the afternoon. strong south—westerly winds, very mild day — temperatures widely16—17
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celsius, quite a bit warmer than it was on monday for the northern half of the uk. but there�*s still some rain in the far northwest. that�*s on that weather front there, and that is going to move its way southwards overnight and into wednesday. it�*s going to hang around across some different parts of the uk during the day. all the while, though, we�*re pulling in air from a long way south, which is why it�*s so mild for late october. but there�*s some rain around, which is going to be quite heavy over some of the hills. that rain mainly affecting north wales, northwest england, could push back into parts of northern ireland, more especially into southern scotland. to the northwest, there will be some sunshine for a while and some showers, and to the south of our rain band, it should be brightening up. a little bit of sunshine coming through, still quite windy, but very mild. temperatures getting up to 18 celsius. now, looking at the rain fall accumulation during wednesday and thursday, i want to highlight the areas that will see the heaviest of the rain. these are these bright colours here. it looks like it�*s going to be particularly wet in the southern uplands, but also into cumbria, and that could lead to some flooding. because that rain is
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still around on thursday, it may turn a bit drier across some northwestern parts of scotland and also northern ireland, as the rain just pivots into more of england and wales. through the midlands and much of eastern england, it�*s likely to still be dry, and with a bit of sunshine, those temperatures again reaching 18 celsius. so, a lot going on over the next few days or so. it�*s going to be quite windy. the winds, though, are going to be in from the southwest, which is why it�*s going to be so mild, but as we�*ve seen, there will be some rain around, mainly for the western side of the uk, and that will be heavy in the hills.
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this is bbc news. we�*ll have the headlines and main news stories at the top of the hour.
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after this programme. hello. heat pumps, decarbonisation, the paris agreement, net zero. with less than two weeks to go until cop26, we�*re being deluged with detail and jargon. but how much do you actually understand about climate change? do you even know what cop actually stands for? it�*s conference of the parties, if you don�*t. today, we�*re asking what role the media has in educating us about climate change. maybe you feel hectored, rather than informed. or maybe you think the media isn�*t going far enough. if we now face an existential crisis, should journalists dispense with the notion of objectivity and become activists in the fight to save the planet? let me introduce our panel. daniela chiaretti is environment reporter at brazil�*s biggest financial newspaper, valor economico. natasha clark is the environment correspondent for the sun. tom chivers is the science
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editor at unherd. and wolfgang blau is the former global chief operating


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