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tv   Newsday  BBC News  October 24, 2021 11:00pm-11:30pm BST

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welcome to newsday, reporting live from singapore, i'm karishma vaswani. the headlines: making social media a safer space. as the facebook whistle—blower prepares to face british mps tomorrow, she meets a campaigner whose child took her own life. i whose child took her own life. think of the most ba right i think of the most basic level right now there is no company in the world that has as much power as facebook and is little transparency. little transparency. colombia captures one of the world's most wanted drug lords. he now faces possible extradition to the us. ethiopia steps up its aerial bombardment in the tigray region, hitting targets in the west and north. and the writings on the cave wall —
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we'll be uncovering the cultural treasures hidden beneath the hills of indonesia. live from our studio in singapore. this is bbc news, it's newsday. it's six in the morning in singapore, and 11 pm in london where the facebook whistle—blower, frances haugen, will give evidence to british mps in the coming hours. frances haugen will give her view on the uk government's plans to regualate social media. it will be the first public evidence she's given in europe regarding her experiences at the company. when frances how gun spoke to the us congress earlier this month, she claimed facebook consistently chose to maximise its growth rather than implement safeguards
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on its platforms. and she also said... facebook hit back, saying that it "cares deeply about issues like safety, well being and mental health." frances though said the company's apps harm children's mental health. since arriving in the uk she's met the campaigner, ian russell. his 14—year—old daughter, molly, took her own life, after viewing disturbing content on instagram, which is owned by facebook. angus crawford has more. she's the former facebook insider who revealed its most closely guarded secrets. 14—year—old molly russell... he's the father who lost his daughter to suicide. now campaigning to protect other children online. nice to meet you. today they met for the first time. so what do you think the impact of molly's story was on instagram as a platform and how
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it approaches safety? facebook is full of kind, conscientious, well—meaning people. the real question is around, can we as a public change the incentives such that it makes more sense for facebook to invest more money in safety on instagram? so i'm sure that molly's... the experience that molly had, caused them to look at these questions more. one of the things that lead us to find out more about molly was some notes that she'd left that were found after she died. and in one of them she wrote, "i keep a lot to myself and it keeps building up inside. you get addicted to it and you don't even realise you've spun out of control. you're living in a trap, in a circle." what's so dangerous about having children under the age of 16, under the age of 18, using systems like instagram, is that facebook�*s own research shows that a startlingly high fraction of them exhibit what is known as "problematic use," which means that they can't regulate their own usage of the product.
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it's kind of like cigarettes in that way. and they know it's hurting their physical health, their schoolwork or their employment. as time goes on as a parent read by the suicide — as time goes on as a parent read by the suicide of a 14 —year—old i look at the _ the suicide of a 14 —year—old i look at the huge — the suicide of a 14 —year—old i look at the huge corporation with matches resutt— at the huge corporation with matches result and _ at the huge corporation with matches result and say they must be more you can be _ result and say they must be more you can be doing — result and say they must be more you can be doing-— can be doing. unquestionably facebook could _ can be doing. unquestionably facebook could be _ can be doing. unquestionably facebook could be investing i can be doing. unquestionably- facebook could be investing more resources in making their platform safer. they've made a series of choices to prioritise profits of a people you think regulators can do to persuade those to behave differently? there is no company in the world that has as much power as facebook and is little transparency. in a statement facebook said...
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the whistle—blower and the campaign are working to make social media a safer place. angus crawford, bbc news. i'm joined now by technology journalist, will guyatt. instagram which is course owned by facebook. great to have you on the programme. we've already heard from francis when she spoke to the us congress. what more do you think we will learn when she does indeed sit in front of british mps to give evidence? i in front of british mps to give evidence?— in front of british mps to give evidence? ~' �* , ~ , evidence? i think the british mps will be looking _ evidence? i think the british mps will be looking to _ evidence? i think the british mps will be looking to try _ evidence? i think the british mps will be looking to try and - evidence? i think the british mps will be looking to try and lean - evidence? i think the british mps| will be looking to try and lean this back to the proposals for the uk's online safety bill which is every potential to be the first of these kinds of rules that is going to legislate against tech companies being introduced. i can't imagine she's going to reveal any kind of
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new documents or information that she hasn't shared before. because this is a very carefully orchestrated pr and community kitchen campaign. that's not to belittle what she's doing and the fact that she speaking out but there are both sides of this argument releasing information and replying in certain ways to try and force certain conversations. that might sound cryptic but i guess when trying to say is there are two sides to every story. i know that facebook would not facebook a very concerned about what she's going to say and also what people like me as an ex employee of the company are saying about facebook right now. and we need to see what comes out of this tomorrow. it's very hard to defend facebook. i spent a number of years there and the people who work on these platforms care about the users and they care about improving the experiences deeply. but facebook does put profit before people because it's a private company. show
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me one and it doesn't. that's the challenge. may be regulations from an external party might help. yeah. an external party might help. yeah, 'ust to an external party might help. yeah, just to reference _ an external party might help. yeah, just to reference the _ an external party might help. yeah, just to reference the fact _ an external party might help. yeah, just to reference the fact your - an external party might help. yeah, just to reference the fact your time | just to reference the fact your time at instagram when you were there, what was your sense of how much the company was able to regulate its own products and their desire to do this? it products and their desire to do this? ., , ., , products and their desire to do this? .,, ., , a , this? it was moving very quickly. i “oined the this? it was moving very quickly. i joined the company _ this? it was moving very quickly. i joined the company when - this? it was moving very quickly. i joined the company when it - this? it was moving very quickly. i joined the company when it had i this? it was moving very quickly. i l joined the company when it had less than 200,000,000 users within a year orso than 200,000,000 users within a year or so were up to 600,000,000 users globally. i spent a great deal of time with experts communicating the safety features and how young people could be safe on the platform. even meeting with mental health groups and organisations in the uk to try and organisations in the uk to try and have those conversations. people are right, facebook could spend more money on improving all of its platforms and doing more to protect people on its platforms. but it is also a private business and organisation. whether or not there
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is any revelation verbalizations for what francis haugen says really shocked people. facebook is a business and it makes decisions for the future and the benefit of its business. but i'm looking forward to seeing what comes out of tomorrow, i hope we can have a really mature compensation on both sides, both the government not beating up tech companies all the time. because uk government has a track record of wanting to blame the tech companies then what they should be held accountable for. and the tech companies themselves are listening and realise that regulation is the way they're going to continue and they're going to survive and that's how they're going to move forward with external organisations helping guide them. i with external organisations helping auide them. , ., ~ with external organisations helping auide them. , . ~' ,, with external organisations helping auide them. , ., ~ . guide them. i see. thank you so much for “oininu guide them. i see. thank you so much forjoining us— guide them. i see. thank you so much forjoining us on _ guide them. i see. thank you so much forjoining us on that _ guide them. i see. thank you so much forjoining us on that story. _ one of colombia's most wanted drug traffickers is facing extradition to the us after being captured in a major international operation. dairo antonio usuga, known as 0toniel, was found
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hiding in thejungle near the colombia/panama border. hundreds of special forces troops from the us, uk and colombia took part in the mission. katy watson reports. this was a huge feet for the bays authorities. after years of attampts finally got him. the head of a powerful criminal organisation involved in a long list of activities from drug and people trafficking, illegal gold mining to extortion. the golf clan is a heavily armed and dangerous gang and this is the man at the top. 0toniel was a very wanted man. columbia had offered a reward of $800,000 for information on his whereabouts. the us had a $5 million bounty on his head too. but despite his notoriety, this is a country where drug lords can sometimes be seen as celebrities. soldiers couldn't resist
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documenting this big moment. translation: known as 0toniel, has been captured. _ this is the biggest blow against drug trafficking in our country this century. this is only comparable to the fall of pablo escobar in the 1990s. 0toniel was captured in a rural hideout in the north—west of the country. close to the border with panama. it was an operation involving 500 soldiers, 22 helicopters, and one policeman was killed. translation: we were clear- he was moving with security teams separated by one to 3km each. we began an important satellite work against him with agencies from the united states and the united kingdom where with each movements with trace analysts, with communications, more than 50 experts in signal intelligence permanently covering
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that area with an exact coverage that allowed us to indicate were his movements were, to get him from his hiding place. 0toniel faces cocaine trafficking charges as well as the recruitment of children. indicted in the us in 2009, he also faces extradition proceedings that could eventually see him facejustice in new york. katy watson, bbc news. i'm joined now by dr paul] angelo, a latin america fellow for the council on foreign relations in washington dc and a us navy reservist who served in colombia. great to have you on the programme. i want to start by asking you what impact do you think the us extradition might have and what challenges where there before it? with hundred and 28 judicial orders against him there's no doubt that he will be spending the rest of his life in prison. but his extradition to the united states before colombian justice is a to the united states before
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colombianjustice is a priority to the united states before colombian justice is a priority for the government for two reasons. first the colombians prisons are overcrowded and notoriously corrupt and there is a risk that 0toniel in colombian prison authorities might not be able to gather sufficient intelligence from him if there is a threat against his life or ask circumstances which he might be able to escape was up but secondly the administration is trying to co—operate with the us government after an incident last year in which member of the party were on the record as having campaigned on the behalf of president trump's. as a consequence the biden has given the cold shoulder to the administration and right now in recent weeks been seeing a attempt to return to a more cooperative special relationship that it has traditionally enjoyed. 0toniel is a huge household name in columbia. (in his name right. he is being compared to pablo escobar, how much does this capture impact the
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trade of cocaine? i much does this capture impact the trade of cocaine?— trade of cocaine? i don't believe this will necessarily _ trade of cocaine? i don't believe this will necessarily affect - trade of cocaine? i don't believe this will necessarily affect the i this will necessarily affect the trajectory of the drug war in any meeting or wave it up cocaine production in columbia have been on the rise year after year since 2012. we seen any number of any major actors in the drug war neutralised over that period. what this really reinforces is that in order to deal with the drug war, in order to deal with the drug war, in order to deal with the drug war, in order to deal with the threat by illicit narcotics we really need to focus on demand. that something secretary blink and underscored in his visit to columbia. there is a shared responsibility on part of the countries that consume drugs, europe and the united states and countries that are sourced countries for illicit narcotics with a big part of that equation in columbia is restoring the presence of the colombian state where areas that is absent. notjust talking about colombian state where areas that is absent. not just talking about the restoration of security were also talking about prosperity, creating opportunities for cocoa farmers to do other things. crop substitution
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and import late providing the infrastructure to get there illicit products to market.— infrastructure to get there illicit products to market. thank you for “oininu us products to market. thank you for joining us on _ products to market. thank you for joining us on that _ products to market. thank you for joining us on that latest _ joining us on that latest developments on that story. senior doctors say rising covid infections are adding to intense pressure on accident and emergency departments in england and are calling for tougher coronavirus rules as britain heads into winter. but the government has again ruled out further measures in england for now, saying the current rate of infections and hospitalisations, doesn't suggest changes are needed "immediately". here's our health correspondent, jim reed. at the cartmel surgery in cumbria, 12—year—old lola was getting her first jab today. the government says it is sticking to its plan a, using vaccines to control covid. but cases have been rising in england, and today labour added to calls for what is known as plan b
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— more mask wearing, vaccine passports and working from home. the chancellor, though, said there was no immediate need for that. although the winter was always going to be challenging for a combination of factors, the booster roll—out should give us the protection we need, and there is a fallback, plan b, if we need it. the number of people in hospital with covid has been rising but is well below the levels seen at the start of the year. but the nhs is also facing other pressures as the weather gets colder. in september, just 75% of people going to a&e in england were seen within four hours, the lowest figure on record, and hospitals in scotland, wales and northern ireland are facing very similar pressure. some emergency doctors are warning that they are already struggling to cope. so when i going to start seeing patients, you have this enormously
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long queue of people who have been waiting a long time, and at busy times of the day you have ambulances outside the emergency department who cannot off—load because your emergency department is full because your hospital is full, and you do feel overwhelmed, helpless. ministers in westminster say a faster roll—out of booster vaccines for the over—50s should help control hospital admissions. in scotland, wales and northern ireland, though, stricter covid rules, like compulsory masks, have been in place for some time. 0ne government adviser is one in those measures may soon be needed in england. we do need to have people using lateral flow tests, avoiding contact with large numbers of people in enclosed spaces, using masks, all of those things now need to happen if we are going to stop this rise and get things under control soon enough to stop a real meltdown in the middle of the winter.
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that is the concern — that covid, flu and a treatment backlog could put unsustainable pressure on the nhs. the government says it is keeping a close eye on the situation but for the moment the data does not justify changing the rules. jim reed, bbc news. you're watching newsday on the bbc. still to come on the programme: the world's oldest known animal cave painting discovered in indonesia. we get rare access to this remarkable find. a historic moment that many of his victims have waited for for decades. the former dictator in the dark older, slimmer and as he sat down obedient enough.— older, slimmer and as he sat down obedient enough. dawn and as the sun breaks through — obedient enough. dawn and as the sun breaks through the _ obedient enough. dawn and as the sun breaks through the piercing _ obedient enough. dawn and as the sun breaks through the piercing chill - obedient enough. dawn and as the sun breaks through the piercing chill of - breaks through the piercing chill of night on the plane outside it lights
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up night on the plane outside it lights up a biblicalfamine now in the night on the plane outside it lights up a biblical famine now in the 20th century. up a biblical famine now in the 20th centu . , , , up a biblical famine now in the 20th centu. , ,, century. the depressing conclusion in argentina _ century. the depressing conclusion in argentina today _ century. the depressing conclusion in argentina today it _ century. the depressing conclusion in argentina today it is _ century. the depressing conclusion in argentina today it is actually - in argentina today it is actually cheaper— in argentina today it is actually cheaper to paper your walls with money — cheaper to paper your walls with money. we cheaper to paper your walls with mone . ~ . cheaper to paper your walls with mone .~ ., ., _ money. we had controversy in the ast with money. we had controversy in the past with great _ money. we had controversy in the past with great britain _ money. we had controversy in the past with great britain but - money. we had controversy in the past with great britain but as - money. we had controversy in the | past with great britain but as good friends _ past with great britain but as good friends have — past with great britain but as good friends have always _ past with great britain but as good friends have always come - past with great britain but as good friends have always come good - friends have always come good tasting — friends have always come good lasting solution. _ friends have always come good lasting solution. the— friends have always come good lasting solution.— friends have always come good lastin: solution. ., _, ,., , lasting solution. the concorde bows out in style — lasting solution. the concorde bows out in style after— lasting solution. the concorde bows out in style after almost _ lasting solution. the concorde bows out in style after almost three - out in style after almost three decades in service, an aircraft that has admires for so long taxis home one more time. this is newsday on the bbc. i'm karishma vaswani in singapore. 0ur headlines: the facebook whistle—blower frances haugen prepares to face british mps monday for the first public evidence she will give in europe on her experiences
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at the social media giant. colombia captures one of the world's most wanted drug lords. he now faces possible extradition to the us. the ethiopian government says it's launched two air strikes on rebel positions in the west and north of the tigray region expanding the range of its aerial bombardments. it said the targets were facilities used by the tigray people's liberation front for training and manufacturing military equipment. they are in mai tsebri, west of the regional capital mekelle, as well as in adwa in the north. a spokesperson for the rebel group denied that the training centres existed. the bbc�*s kalkidan yibeltal reports from addis ababa. both the government and rebel forces have confirmed there have been two rounds of air strikes on the western part of tigray as well as in the middle, around the historic town of adwa.
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details are still sketchy and we don't know whether there are casualties or not. but the government is saying they have bombarded these places that have been used by the rebel forces for training and military command and things like that. but rebel forces are saying these are just civilian targets. one of them, in the western front in a place called mai tsebri, was a local hospital, while the other one around adwa was manufacturing plant for garments. but this comes as bombardments are being expanded to other areas. over the past week, the airstrikes focused on the regional capital of mekelle, and now we are seeing there happening outside, suggesting that all these airstrikes might be expanding to other areas as well.
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let's ta ke let's take a look at some of the other stories in the headlines. police in uganda survived a deadly explosion as an act of domestic terror. they say three men bought food and drinks and placed an explosive device under a table which went off moments after they left the 20 —year—old waitress died in the attack three other people were injured. the israeli government has moved forward with a plan to build more than 1,300 more homes for jewish settlers in the occupied west bank. tenders have been issued for the construction work which is seen as a last step before building begins. it's the first time the israelis have pressed her head in this way since president biden took office, he opposes settlement construction. military authorities and miramar have condemned the united nations after it warned of an impending mass atrocity in the northwest with the army appears
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poised for an offensive against resistance fighters with up representatives on foreign affairs said the statement was an incitement to violence or that the un was using human rights as a tool to intervene in the end. a story now for many of you who may well remember this after in the hit american series friends. he's died of prostate cancer at the age of he's died of prostate cancer at the 59. it is infatuated withjennifer aniston is character rachel. he appeared in 150 episodes of the company and was diagnosed with cancer in 2018. archaeologists discovered the world s oldest known animal cave painting in indonesia. a panel showing wild pigs believed to have been made 45,500 years ago
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was found in a cave in a remote valley on the island of sulawesi. previously, rock art found in european sites were considered to be the world s oldest narrative artworks. bbc indonesia was given rare access to film inside the cave. rebecca henschke reports. here in this remote valley is the worlds oldest known painting of animals. the discovery made by a doctoral student at australia's griffith university. doctoral student at australia's griffith universi . �* ., griffith university. translation: on a ma we griffith university. translation: on a man we found _ griffith university. translation: on a map we found this _ griffith university. translation: on a map we found this unique - griffith university. translation: on a map we found this unique location. the area is surrounded by mountains and in the middle there is this valley. so we were curious and decided to explore. the name means buffalo cave. during the monsoon this area easily floods. so in the
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past our ancestors kept the buffaloes inside the cave to protect them. 15 buffaloes inside the cave to protect them. ' , , .., , them. 15 metres inside the cave they found this panel— them. 15 metres inside the cave they found this panel that _ them. 15 metres inside the cave they found this panel that appears - them. 15 metres inside the cave they found this panel that appears to - found this panel that appears to tell the story of wild pigs fighting. tell the story of wild pigs fiuuhtin. ~ ,, ~ fighting. translation: the panel ex - resses fighting. translation: the panel expresses quite _ fighting. translation: the panel expresses quite a _ fighting. translation: the panel expresses quite a complex - fighting. translation: the panel. expresses quite a complex narrative. two boars are painted on top of each other. if we look closely at pigs it looks like the artist has used a brush dipped into paint to make the strokes on the cave wall. we see a different style with the hands. it appears as if a spray technique was used. they put their hands on the wall and then sprayed the pigment on. , . wall and then sprayed the pigment on, , ., ., , , wall and then sprayed the pigment on. , ., ., , , on. using a uranium series isotope datin: on. using a uranium series isotope dating technique _ on. using a uranium series isotope dating technique it's _ on. using a uranium series isotope dating technique it's been - on. using a uranium series isotopej dating technique it's been revealed that it was made more than 45,000 years ago. that it was made more than 45,000 ears auo. ~ ,, ~ that it was made more than 45,000 earsauo. �* ,, ~ years ago. translation: it says if the painting _ years ago. translation: it says if the painting wants _ years ago. translation: it says if the painting wants to _ years ago. translation: it says if the painting wants to show - years ago. translation: it says if the painting wants to show the - the painting wants to show the animals are moving. the fact that the artist could create such an
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imaginative work from 45,000 years ago is truly extraordinary. the imaginative work from 45,000 years ago is truly extraordinary.— ago is truly extraordinary. the team of archaeologists _ ago is truly extraordinary. the team of archaeologists behind _ ago is truly extraordinary. the team of archaeologists behind the - of archaeologists behind the discoveries are even older paintings may be found in nearby case. this ancient art a source of great national pride. ancient art a source of great national ride. �* ,, �* , national pride. translation: these cave art is really _ national pride. translation: these cave art is really unique. _ national pride. translation: these cave art is really unique. nothing - cave art is really unique. nothing quite _ cave art is really unique. nothing quite like — cave art is really unique. nothing quite like it in the world. sol tell quite like it in the world. sol tett young _ quite like it in the world. sol tell young people in your blood are these _ tell young people in your blood are these cleverjeans, brilliantjeans. these clever jeans, brilliant jeans. it these clever jeans, brilliant jeans. it proves— these cleverjeans, brilliantjeans. it proves that 45,000 years ago your ancestors— it proves that 45,000 years ago your ancestors made this incredibly ctever— ancestors made this incredibly clever paintings.— ancestors made this incredibly clever paintings. researchers are warnin: clever paintings. researchers are warning that _ clever paintings. researchers are warning that the _ clever paintings. researchers are warning that the art _ clever paintings. researchers are warning that the art is _ clever paintings. researchers are warning that the art is decaying l clever paintings. researchers are | warning that the art is decaying at an alarming rate due to the effects of climate change. rising temperatures causing these ancient paintings to crumble. what a remarkable story and really
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amazing pictures they are. it does make me miss home. that's where i'm from. thanks forjoining us. hello there. we're starting the new week off on a sunshine and showers theme. we'll have plenty of showers across southern and western areas. a lot of central and eastern parts will tend to stay dry with a good deal of sunshine around. it's going to be breezy for all, quite windy in the north and the west because we'll be close to this area of low pressure which is anchored to the north of the uk. so you can see quite a few isobars on the chart, these weather fronts enhancing the shower activity as they move from west to east. and we're in a mild air mass, as you can see from the yellow and orange colours. so then we start monday off on a fine note across central and eastern areas, dry with some sunshine. there will be showers from the word go across western areas. these will tend to become more widespread, very frequent across the north—west of scotland. merging together to produce longer spells of rain, quite cloudy too.
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some heavy ones as well across the south of england. some of these could contain some hail and thunder. a few getting in towards the east on this strong west south—westerly breeze, but many eastern areas should stay dry. and it will be windy, particularly around coasts of scotland, particularly the northern and western isles. temperatures mild again in the south, 14 to 16 celsius, maybe a little bit fresher across scotland and northern ireland. as we move through monday night, it stays breezy, lengthy clear spells, further showers. these showers will tend to fade away because we'll start to see this weather front approaching northern ireland and western scotland later in the night to bring some windy weather, more cloud and more persistent rain around. it's going to be another pretty mild night to come, temperatures no lower than around 6 or 7 celsius. so here is the pressure chart for tuesday. we've got a pretty vigourous area of low pressure to the north—west of the uk. this weather front will be affecting more northern and west parts of the country. further south and east you are, close to this area of high pressure over the near continent, then it is likely to stay largely dry. but it will be a breezy
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day wherever you are. like i mentioned, staying largely dry with some sunny spells across southern and eastern areas. cloudier further north and west, outbreaks of rain, some heavy and persistent, particularly across western hills, northern and western scotland, perhaps into north—west england, north west wales at times. it will be pretty cloudy and dull, but look at these temperatures. despite the cloud and rain in the north, all the sunshine in the south, looking at temperatures a good five degrees above average. it's very mild as we move into the middle part of the week. further wet and windy weather across north—western areas, and by friday, it looks like some of that wet weather will reach southern and eastern parts as well. see you later.
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hello. this is bbc news. i'm lukwesa burak. we'll be taking a look at tomorrow morning's papers in a moment.
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first, a reminder of the headlines: labourjoins calls from doctors' leaders and health unions for the government to reimpose some coronavirus restrictions in england, warning that the vaccine rollout is losing traction. we need to do more to get on top of this virus, protect our national health service and stop more stringent measures having to be introduced further down the line. the chancellor promises a budget that invests in "infrastructure, innovation and skills" as the economy recovers from the pandemic. eight people have been arrested in brentwood, in essex, after the deaths of two teenage boys in the early hours of this morning. and britain's biggest supermarket chain apologises after its computer systems were hacked, affecting millions of online shoppers. and a 5—0 win at old trafford for liverpool, as mo salah scores

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