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tv   100 Women  BBC News  October 24, 2021 5:30am-6:01am BST

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police in new mexico are continuing to investigate a fatal shooting on the set of an alec baldwin movie. the film's director, who was injured in the incident, has spoken about the loss of his friend and colleague — the cinematographer halyna hutchins. colombia's most wanted drug trafficker has been captured after a joint operation by the armed forces and the police. president duque has described the arrest as the most significant blow to drug trafficking in the country since the death of pablo escobar. a prominent advisor to the british government on covid—19 is urging the public to do everything possible to reduce transmission of the virus, as coronavirus infections are continuing to rise. ministers say there's no need for stricter measures in england at the moment.
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in sicily the former italian interior minister and right—wing leader matteo salvini has gone on trial. he's charged with holding migrants at sea in 2019. he denies accusations of kidnapping and dereliction of duty after a boat carrying 147 migrants was refused permission to dock on the island of lampedusa for nearly three weeks. a number of other ex—government ministers as well as hollywood actor richard gere are expected to give evidence. mark lowen reports. in august 2019, a spanish ngo boat rescued 147 migrants crossing from north africa to europe and asked to dock in the southern italian island of lampedusa. the hard—line anti—migrant matteo salvini was then interior minister and deputy prime minister and his trademark policy was to close ports to migrant rescue boats. screaming and crying for almost three weeks, they were kept on board in boiling heat and terrible conditions. prosecutors say that amounted to kidnapping and deprivation of their rights.
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mr salvini said the decision was taken by the whole government and claims he was defending italy. the actor richard gere, who was on holiday in italy at the time, and travelled to sicily to deliver supplies to the migrants, has agreed to testify at the trial. i grew up a christian, i'm a buddhist now, but i can't imagine jesus christ would be happy with a law that says it's illegal to help people. it makes no sense to me, it's completely crazy. i'm ashamed for all of this planet that it is illegal to help people. if convicted, matteo salvini could in theory face up to 15 years in prison. he is trying to make political capital out of the trial to bring the issue of migration, key to his support base, pack into focus as it's receded from public debate. "i'll go to trial with my head held high", he tweeted when proceedings began,
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adding, "italy first". mark lowen, bbc news. now on bbc news: for thousands of years the inuit people lived off the land. now that weather patterns in the arctic have irreversibly shifted, inuit women are trying to hold their families together through it all. life on thin ice follows three generations of inuit women to see the impact that climate change has had on their community. banging drum #ayayayayayayay... # climate change came along and it changed everything. due to the ice melting, we've seen all of these changes. it's affecting us up here in the arctic circle. i am worried about the future.
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we have lagoon on one side, sound on the other. - we don't have any room to give. we don't know what's going to happen. - inupiaq have been here for thousands of years, but now my children really have no idea what's ahead of them, and it's scary. kotzebue has a population about 3,000 people. it's a nice place, very
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isolated, no roads. the only way that we go to the village is either by one of the commuter planes... summertime, we go by boat. wintertime, we go by snow machine. very few people are dog team. i originated to kotzebue about 35 years ago, raised four sons and two daughters. i have 14 grandchildren and two great grandchildren. my inupiaq name is pequq. we like to be called inupiaq, not eskimo. inupiaq means real people. eskimo, that's a non—native�*s definition of us. we as inupiaq people, we know our land. it's like our heartbeat. we know how to survive, how the moon controls the high waters and low waters. we are oui’ own almanac. but then climate change
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came along and it changed everything. suddenly we get a tropic warm—up. everything starts to melt. but we've dealt with this for the last ten, 15 years. we learned to keep the frustration at bay. do we know we are in danger today? we know it's there. we just have to learn how to deal with it. you're listening to kotz 720 am. i'm wesley early with this news update. summer temperatures were three degrees warmer on average this year. that's on top of a record spring that was six degrees warmer than the previous record~ _ those high temperatures mean warmer waters in the kotzebue sound, and that could mean changes to winter subsistence hunts. in the winter...
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radio fades out i've always loved being outside with my dad, and just hunting and trapping and fishing. you know, once you're out there, you kind of feel super insignificant, which maybe a lot of people wouldn't like to feel. you're kind of at the lands mercy and the weather's mercy, and the animals' mercy then. my dad, he was blessed with three girls at first, and typically it's the guys who go out hunting. you know, he had to kind of work with what he had. when i was younger, i didn't want to be, like, native, you know? um, like, i have some lighter—skinned friends and i kind of wanted to be lighter—skinned, lighter skin—toned. but now, like, it's so celebrated. hunting and fishing and living a subsistence lifestyle,
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ifeel like it's a huge part of my identity. that's part of who i am. 0k. are you ready to pull up yourtraps? yep. we can chop them and see if there's any beavers in there. worried is an understatement when myfamily_ is out on the ice. anything can happen. we live in a place where, er, you know, that nature rules. j things can turn quickly, i that the weather can turn quickly and, orthe ice breaks up earlier than usual, or theyj can fall through the ice. and they have, i you know, before! so it can be pretty— nerve—racking for a mom at home waiting for her crew.
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it's kind of like christmas, huh? yeah! you never know what you're going to get. no, nothing in that one either, huh? no. well, we're going to have to put new bait out. it is important to store food for the winter and to make sure you can get as much as you can of a certain meat or a berry when it's in season, because in the dead of winter we only have a few hours of daylight per day. over the past few years, we've seen all these changes. you know, there'll be a little less of an animal. maybe they won't come at all. caribou is one of our main food sources.
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this year, we didn't get any caribou. usually they come pretty close in the fall. we're able to just go up the river by boat and shoot some caribou and stock our freezers full, but we weren't able to do that this year. due to the ice melting, there are a lot of new waterways opening up. this will be used for a lot of shipping vessels to make their routes easier, but the problem with this is that there's a lot of noise that the ships make and this can have a lot... a big effect on our animals, our marine wildlife. it's just if like we were trying to have a conversation and then there's like this construction happening outside, we're going to want to move to a different room to have our conversation. so that's what the animals are doing. a lot of them are relocating. in a few years, i'm afraid that we won't have the subsistence lifestyle.
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we won't have the connection to the land like we used to, and my children in the future won't be able to feel this connection. so that's what i'm talking about in terms of climate change. just earlier today when we left, it was all solid ice all the way across. and thenjust in a couple of hours, a storm surge happens and it broke up all these pieces of ice and it's moving 'em back in. and what was once frozen this morning isjust back open again. and that's the danger that we live in nowadays, you know? it could change just like that. 0k, we'll take the trap off. 'if you can't predict the weather, 'you just can't predict your safety, really-'— remember, mom doesn't want you guys to get all sealy. right. 0k. you know, we notice all these changes, um, because we're a part of it, because we see it and it's almost like having, you know,
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thousands and thousands of scientists out here every day watching things and making observations. you know? it's not an if, it's a fact. it's right before you. you can't deny it. you know? keep it higher a little bit. it's important to use every part of the animal because it gave itself up to you, for you to eat and for your family to eat and for your community to eat. ok, you remember how to do this? uh, yes. we take the first one first. yeah. in our culture, we have, erm, we're very communal. we make sure that we give the first or a good portion of our catch to especially elders who taught us. they taught us how to do all of this and we want to make sure that they're eating well.
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they sing i talk to my daughters a lot and i have 16 grandkids. when i'm around them, i try to share what i've learned, my life stories and how we were brought up. then we have...how we live as inupiaq people. if you want to live a good life, grasp some of that. anything domestic i never really learned as a kid. i'm taking into account to learn it now, just because here you kind of need to know all the skills to survive and i want to be able to pass down those domestic skills to my kids. you do it from this way or like... 0k.
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..when you hold the fur? so make sure this fur is under. back in the day they had to strive for perfection in those things, notjust to be perfect but because a lot of times the stitching was important because they have to go out in a0 below and, you know, make sure that everything was just right. well, a lot of times - you have to be watertight. when i was growing up, you know, the environment was very different. cold. it was extremely cold and lots of snow in the wintertime. lots of snow, yeah. some of the snow would cover the... go up as far as a roof of some homes. and so it was very different. you know, you'd be hard pressed to find anyone that lives in this area that doesn't believe in climate change or global warming or anything, because we live it every day. we see the effects on the ice from year to year. we see the difference in the migration of the animals. the ice underneath the tundra, the permafrost, it's
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supposed to be frozen. it stays frozen, you know, 365 days a year. we have to even have our houses on stilts because the heat from your house will melt the permafrost underneath. the temperatures rising in our area with the ice and the glaciers melting, and the water is more than it used to be, and the storms are different than they used to be. the erosion is happening and some other villages are in danger of losing the entire village. kotzebue is projected to disappear at some point because of global warming
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and the waters rising. we are right on the ocean at sea level. there's a fear that at some point our life is going to be moved, drastically changed or non—existent. my children really have no idea what's ahead of them, and it's scary. you're listening to kotz 720 am. i'm wesley early with this news update. as climate change hits coastal communities in alaska, many tribes are being forced to consider moving from their ancestral lands. the house that we live in now, that my family lives in now, is the house that my parents built and my dad built this entire house. so it's the house that i grew up in. chickens!
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i like how they look at you with one eyeball. we're here, you know, we're on the back side in our house. it's shallow here, all the way over. yeah, there's... it's like four feet deep out here, you know. even when we go to camp, we have to go around the sandbar and then it's only, like, four feet. i am worried about the future of kotzebue because we're on a small spit, you know? we have lagoon on one side and sound on the other. we don't have any room to give, you know? like, if the water was to come up...| don't know how many feet, it would come over the road. my house is close to the lagoon. but it looks cool. can you take the hood off? no, it's cool! child wails 0k, 0k. show daddy first.
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let me see. it's not easy living here, but the sense of community and the closeness that we have with people in our community is how i feel like i want my children to be raised. this is my mom and me when i was a baby, and she made everything that i'm wearing. the front sea wall was put up to preserve that front street. from the time that i was a kid till the time that it got put up, it narrowed a lot. there were spaces where it was only a one—way street. i don't know much about permafrost.
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you know, i don't... i'm not a scientist, but i can tell you what i've seen with my eyes. when i was in high school, we would take trips down the coast with our four—wheelers and we could go all the way down. but now, like, even this summer, there was whole sides of the tundra, like, falling and you can see the melting. you canjust...there was like a stream of melting permafrost, you know, going up to the ocean. so i know it's melting. i know it is. this is a moose. people make, like, handles, knife handles and stuff. we don't leave anything. even the head — we'll take the whole head and use it. so this is the old puppy pen that my dad built. and then john took it and made a drying rack. so right now, we have
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a deboned moose. you'd need to come in the summer when i'm doing strips because it's like a four—day process. it is like extreme free—range. 0ur food comes from out there. it's roaming all those thousands and thousands of untouched acres of, you know, tundra and mountains and, you know, no pollution. i believe that eskimos or inupiaq people need to eat the food that their ancestors ate. chuckles get out of the kitchen while i'm cooking! we don't have anything that connects us to a road system so the only way that things can get groceries and every item that you can physically see got here was by air. that inflates the cost of your item because you're
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having to pay for the freight to get here. it's crazy how expensive things are. milk is, like, $11 a gallon. money makes the world go around, i guess. oh, yeah! is it spicy? no. 0k. 0ur predictable winters, you know, where we could say, "by october whatever, 15, it's going to be frozen enough "to where i could do this," it's not happening any more. it's so different every year. it's like a weird sliding scale. we don't know what's going to happen. what if i don't get fish or what if i don't get something that i was counting on getting? i wanted to go fishing today. i actually called my aunt and she said, "we're not going to camp. let's go fishing." and then she called me maybe seven last night and said, "i don't know if we can go fishing. "it's supposed to be
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high water." they had one of those roads back here blocked because the water was going up on it at 6:00 this morning. look. when it's like this, it means the water is high. it's all the way up here. when we dug in here, you could see the water. i don't feel safe going out here because i can't see where the dark spots are because it snowed, you know, it stormed over the ice. and then we had that high water that came all the way up here. so i don't know if there's water in between the ice that was already established, and the snow that snowed on top of it. you could lose your feet to frostbite if you stepped through this, right here. it's dangerous.
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you have to have multiple ways of deciding what you're going to do. you know, you can'tjust be like, "oh, it's cold out. "i'm going to go on the ice." you know, was there high water? was it warm? did it freeze? and then — just like this — did it snow? you can't see where there could be dark spots. you know, it's kind of dangerous. i was born and raised here. i was born in the middle of winter here. i can't imagine not knowing what snow and ice is. mother nature is our mother. she cares for us. she supplies for us. why is there climate change? caused by human people. the very people that
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mother is nurturing. humans are abusive. man can be the culprit behind greed to ruin the first peoples... people that know and thrive with the heartbeat of mother earth. why? why can't they ask us? it's just... it's a hard pill to swallow. we don't just want to survive,
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we want to thrive on this land. i can't imagine having to relocate your whole home just because the water is coming up over it. it's devastating as a community. my ancestors, they've been living off this - land for a long time. they've passed down their| knowledge about the land. the inupiaq, we're connected as a community, so i think. if we really stick together in that, we'll be able - to adapt to the changes. i think the rest of the world need to learn from indigenous people, because they learn throughout their lifespan to know how to survive. people have hearts. doesn't matter if you are a billionaire, don't matter if you live in a beautiful home.
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the magic is we're connected to the land, so there's time to rejuvenate hearts. this new generation, they can change their energy to fix mother earth. hello there. saturday was a pretty cloudy day across the board. temperatures were edging up and part two of the weekend it looks a little bit milder. we will also have some chain around which will make it feel mild too. but there will be some showery bursts of rain all courtesy of this weather front which is bringing a very wet night to parts of northern ireland and western scotland. sunday morning this weather front will be slowly weakening as it continues to journey its way eastwards
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across the rest of scotland and for england and wales. lying across western england and will across the morning you'll notice it will become more fragmented with showery bursts of rain edging their way across the rest of england and wales through the day. not reaching the southeast until evening time so staying dry here with some glimmers of brightness. elsewhere sunshine show was heavily rumbling thunder in ireland and western scotland. it's going to be another blustery day right across the board. windiest for southern and western coast could see up to maybe 40mph in exposure. it's going to be milder probably milder than saturday with top temperatures in the brighter spots reaching around 16 celsius. through sunday night it stays blustery. there'll be clear spells
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and showers, most of the showers will be affecting more northern and western areas, the odd heavy one again in eastern areas which will tend to stay dry with just a few showers getting through there. another mild night to come for england and wales with a perhaps something a little bit fresher for northern ireland and scotland. here's the pressure chart then for monday, low pressure to the north of the uk, westerly winds cover these weather fronts accentuated showers with sunny spells for tuesday at more significant area of low pressure affects the north of the uk further south, closer to an area of high pressure it should be drier and a little bit brighter. this is the picture for monday, a lot of sunshine around, many places to stay dry altogether but we will have showers around. most of the southern and western areas, some of them on the heavy side. another mild day to come across england and wales, the mid—teens again, something a bit cooler and fresher for scotland and northern ireland here. around ten to 12 degrees. as we move through the week, it stays mild very milder across southern areas but southern areas will tend to see the driest and the brightest
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of the weather. further north always windier and wetter at times.
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good morning. welcome to breakfast with ben thompson and katherine downes. 0ur headlines today: the government doubles down on its skills revolution, confirming it'll spend billions on training and new technical qualifications. millions of letters will be sent to parents in england this week, urging them to use the half term holiday to get their children vaccinated. film directorjoel souza speaks for the first time since being accidentally shot on set by alec baldwin. england make a stunning start to the t20 world cup — they hammer defending champions west indies. england captain eoin morgan says, "it is as good as it gets."
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