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tv   Climate Change Countdown to COP26  BBC News  October 23, 2021 7:30pm-7:46pm BST

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but with their combined total well over, they know they are truly helping to save lives. now it's time for a look at the weather with stav danaos. hello there. it is very cloudy across the country with temperatures slowly coming up tomorrow it will a bit milder in those because we'll have more sunshine around and will be some showering bursts, this weather front will bring bring in some very wet weather to northern ireland in central and western scotland to this evening and overnight but it will slowly move its way eastwards and eventually by the night, reaching parts of western england and wales and we should see clear spells and showers following behind of northern ireland and ahead of it for much of england and wales will be dry, breezy and very mild,
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much milder than last night. it will start off on a mountain lot of cloud around in little bit of sunshine but the weather front beginning to weaken and fragment as it moves eastwards in reaching the southeast of england later in the day. behind it, sunshine and showers from northern ireland and scotland and will be a blustery day with me and winds gusting to 40mph for southern and western coasts but it will be mild over the top temperatures reaching 16 . hello, this is bbc news. the headlines: a senior government adviser on covid warns the uk could face another lockdown at christmas — and tells people they shouldn't wait for ministers to take action. do everything possible in your control to try to reduce transmission. don't wait for the government to change policy. and the sooner we all act, the sooner we can get this transmission rate down, and the greater the prospect of having a christmas with our families. the warning comes as two of the biggest teaching unions have called for tougher covid measures in schools in england to combat a rise in infections.
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a welcome from england's city regions outside london for an announcement of nearly £7 billion to improve their transport networks — but they say more money is needed. ministers promise half a billion pounds to support families in the budget, but the labour party calls it a "smokescreen". court documents reveal that alec baldwin was told a prop gun was safe moments before he accidentally killed a crew member on a film set. sportsday will be coming up shortly. before that, though, it's climate change: countdown to cop26.
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here in the new uk, new stage of the pandemic began when borisjohnson said this injuly. we will move away from legal restrictions and allow people to make their own informed decisions about how to manage the virus. the plan was clear. in england, there would be no rules requiring masks, social distancing, ventilation in schools or vaccine passes for restaurants. instead, the emphasis was on the uk's vaccine roll—out, on personal responsibility, on accepting that we must learn to live with the virus. three months on, this is how it's going. this week, the uk recorded its highest number of daily infection since mid—july, and it's far higher than any of these major european countries. then, these are the uk's covid deaths over the same period. they are gradually rising, and higher than most of these same european countries. though all countries are seeing far lower deaths than before the vaccine arrived. and as case numbers rise, the uk government is saying this. with winter ahead, we can't blow it now. so we are going to do everything we can to maintain our lead, by strengthening our vaccination
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programme as our primary line of defence. so, no return of rules to contain the virus. instead, a re—emphasis on boosters and vaccinating children and those who have so far declined. vaccines are central to what the government calls its plan a. they are also central to understanding why infections are going up. let me show you why. it starts with the speed of the vaccine roll—out. we had one of the fastest starts in the world, and that is a factor now. here isjohn burn—murdoch from the financial times. at the start of this year, we were patting ourselves on the back for how fast the uk's roll—out of vaccines was going. that has actually ironically become a bit of a problem for us now, because it means that we have this issue of waning immunity. the point being that immunity wanes over time. here, we see immunity a month after vaccination,
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and then after several months. there is a drop, and it is a bigger drop with the uk's most used now, waning immunity can be addressed with boosterjabs, but right now, millions of eligible people have not had one. and then, there's children. in september, the uk decided to vaccinate children aged 12 and over, but many other countries like the us, france and israel started much earlier, and have vaccinated many more children. all of this means the government's handling of the vaccine roll—out is under attack. the booster programme is stalling, with charities describing it as a chaotic failure. only around 13% of children have actually been vaccinated. his wall of defence is falling down, atjust the point that vaccination is waning. as we are hearing through this report, the government would refute that characterisation, but it's true that the rate of vaccinating children, the rate of boosters and waning immunity are all factors when we look at the rising case numbers.
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that's not all. social distancing and masks are relevant too. indoor socialising is pretty much at full tilt in the uk. scotland and wales have recently introduced vaccine passports for some larger venues, but in the rest of the uk, they are not needed. as for masks, in scotland, they are legally required in some circumstances. in england, the government does not require them, but some local authorities in england do on public transport. but in reality, that is patchy. go on the underground in london and you will see lots of people without masks. that contrasts with, say, germany, where masks are legally required in certain places, and use is high. and the labour party thinks there's a lesson there. i don't understand why we don't mandate mask wearing on public transport. it is extraordinary. is it too much to ask, really, to ask someone on a crowded bus or tube to wear a mask? but also, forcing people to go back to work or ending any social distancing and ending advice about ventilation, all of these mitigations have been
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maintained on the continent. their levels are now a fraction of ours. but the data about the impact of masks in the uk is far from straightforward. there is broader large—scale research that shows masks reduce transmission, but asjohn burn—murdoch notes, the data suggests this is not a major driver of case numbers in the uk. here is his tweet. and we know that despite some policy differences across the four nations, including some mandatory mask wearing, we are seeing similar covid patterns for all of the uk, and those patterns are leaving some nhs leaders to call for those measures to be brought back. they say it is time for the government's plan b. the government said it would enact plan b if they felt the health service was at risk,
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and we are saying it is at risk, and we need to take measures now, measures like wearing masks in crowded places, avoiding unnecessary indoor meetings, working from home if you can. there are two government responses that are relevant. the first is that they don't agree with changing tack at this point. obviously, we are looking at data, ministers, scientists, experts are looking at data on an hourly basis, and we don't feel that it is the time for plan b right now. and then, there is this from sajid javid. there are many more things we can all do to help contain the spread of this virus, like meeting outdoors where it is possible, and if you can only meet indoors, letting in fresh air. like wearing a face covering in crowded and enclosed spaces. that advice raised eyebrows, as mrjavid and his conservative colleagues don't wear masks in the house of commons. this is an issue for individuals to interpret and decide. that is not a mistake by the government, it is in line
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with its emphasis on personal responsibility, uncommon responsibility, on common sense, and on vaccines. the question is, will this approach keep the virus at a sustainable level for the nhs? well, the rate of hospitalisations in the uk throughout the pandemic looks like this. it is rising, but this is nowhere near the first or the second way. near the first or the second wave. but there are risks here. this is probably the first season where we will have significant amounts of covid circulating as well as flu. people's behaviours have changed. we are mixing more, winter weather is coming along, and people are going into enclosed spaces. if this winter is a bad flu season, it will make the uk particularly vulnerable to rising covid hospitalisations. and look at this chart. the uk has fewer beds per person in spain, per person than spain, italy, france and germany. that lack of capacity is not caused by covid. that's a far broader discussion about how health care works in the uk.
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but covid can apply pressure to that capacity. here's the chief executive of nhs england. i think we are in for a tough winter. if we've got covid patients in our beds, obviously, that has an impact on how many elective patients can be in those same beds. but the government is offering reassurances. it says the nhs has the ability to manage and it is not under unsustainable pressure. and as we consider these differing analyses, here is a word of caution on being too definitive from professor paul hunter. at the moment, it's not clear whether what we're seeing at the moment will continue to increase as we move towards christmas or, as some modellers have suggested, will peak sometime this month and then start to decline. what is more certain is that we are seeing two relatively clear schools of thought. there is the uk government, with its focus on the vaccine. ever since our phenomenal vaccine programme began last winter, we have been in a race, a race between the vaccine and the virus. and although we are ahead in
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that race, the gap is narrowing. the government's strategy injuly, the strategy now, rests almost entirely on the vaccine, and that's not what the world health organization is recommending. the who's position is that we can't only rely on vaccination at the moment, due to the threat of the virus, that we need to continue to bring transmission of covid—19 down, especially as we enter the winter period. but sincejuly, that is almost exactly what has happened in england. life in many ways has gone back to normal, with the benefits that brings, and the rise in cases that brings too, and now, with the nhs warning that a tough winter is coming, so too are tough questions for the government. it believes that for now, vaccines alone can work. this winter will reveal if that's right.
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hello and welcome to sportsday. i'm gavin ramjaun. plenty on the way on today's show. beth mead shines at wembley for england as the lionesses make history in their win over northern ireland. no gayle force as england blow away the west indies to win their opening match at the t20 world cup. and they all count! a fine touch from foden helps manchester city make short work of brighton — as they keep the pressure on chelsea at the top. hello there and welcome to the programme.
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a moment for the lionesses to remember today as england played their first competitive women's match wembley against a dogged and determined northern ireland side in world cup qualifying. jo currie is there for us. good to see you. england got the job done, but they took their time to find their goals? yeah, they got there eventually. i think when you consider that england are ranked a0 places above northern ireland, and england are fully professional and at best, northern ireland are semiprofessional. i think many people expected england to really run away with this game, but at half—time, it was goalless. the first half, they couldn't find the back of the net. the lioness is hit the woodwork twice, and the northern ireland goalkeeper scrambled away many efforts. at the break, a change of fortunes for england when the england manager made a double substitution. she brought on a couple of beths, and that made all the difference. beth mead coming on and acrobatically turning the ball home with almost her first touch of the game. beth england then got on the end of a lob
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cross to make it 2— zero, but it was beth mead who really shone tonight. her second of the game, england's third, slamming at home to make a real impact and she wasn't done yet. england eventually winning a— zero, beth mead wrapping up a iath minute hat—trick with a simple tap in at the end. so in the end, three wins from three for england in their world cup qualifying campaign. for northern ireland, the first point is they have dropped, but many lessons learned as well, i suspect. what's the significance of having this competitive match at wembley for the women's side? it's hard to believe, isn't it, that it has taken this long for england's women to have a competitive game at wembley? the home of english football. this is actually only their third ever match here. i think their third ever match here. i think the only disappointment for the fa, on the pitch, things went very much to plan eventually, but for the fa, two years ago when england's women last played here, in a friendly against germany, it attracted a crowd of over 80,000. tonight, just over 23,000. crowd of over 80,000. tonight, just over23,000. so crowd of over 80,000. tonight, just over 23,000. so not even the lower
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bowl is filled out. a good atmosphere, though, but for the fa, i think if they want to keep having games here at wembley, they will certainly want to attract a bigger crowd. but on the pitch, things went to plan. next up, lioness is on tuesday night to travel to latvia, and northern ireland host austria. they will look to put this defeat behind them as they continue with their world cup campaign. thank you very much for that. let's turn to the start of the t20 world cup now, and england were absolutely ruthless today against west indies. they bowled their opponents out for just 55 runs, crushing the current champions in dubai in a six—wicket win. a huge turnaround for england, given they lost in the final of the last t20 tournament to today's opponents back in 2016. jess softley has more. it may be five years since a dramatic final, since that dramatic final, but england haven't forgotten. this was a chance at redemption. the west indies aren't afraid to go big from the start. evan lewis set the scene early on. chris gayle may be the oldest cricketer in the tournament, but at a2, he is still a force
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to be reckoned with.

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