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tv   100 Women  BBC News  October 23, 2021 2:30pm-3:01pm BST

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remarkable woman and what will hopefully be a brilliant legacy for her. thank you so much, mary. a species of giant owl that had become something of a holy grail for birdwatchers, has been spotted in the wild for the first time in 150 years. there hadn't been any sightings of the "shelley's eagle owl" since the 18705 — that was until this week, when scientists from imperial college london interrupted one during its daytime nap in a forest in ghana. the pair only saw the bird for about ten seconds — just enough time to get this photograph. is it good weather for owls? i will update you with out when it gets dark! it is a bit blustery out there this afternoon, a bit of rain around as well, especially across western areas and in fact it will get even
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wetter as we get into tonight across western scotland and northern ireland and western scotland we could end up with 20—a0 millimetres of rain overnight and there could be travel disruption. we can see the rain moving in, patchy rain in wales and the western side of england, but elsewhere, despite a lot of cloud it is dry across the eastern side of the uk. highs around 12—14 this afternoon. windy night to come and rain setting in for western scotland although it pulls away from more ireland by the end of the night but into north—west and wales. central and eastern parts of england will stay dry with a lot of cloud around, mild. the rain slips south east tomorrow and looks how it breaks apart and becomes increasingly patchy and showery. behind it, brighter skies and bright of the northern ireland and scotland, although if you heavy showers. temperatures a bit higher, helped by the sunshine tomorrow, although another blustery day. 14—16 .
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hello this is bbc news. the headlines... the chancellor's promising to spend nearly £7 billion improving transport in england's city regions outside london, as one of the spending pledges unveiled ahead of next week's budget. there'll also be half a billion pounds to support families in the budget, but the labour party calls it a ”smokescreen”. a fresh push for people to get their boosterjabs. it comes amid fears over rising coronavirus cases in england. court documents show alec baldwin was told that a prop gun was safe in the moments before he accidentally killed a crew member on set. a warning that dog owners are pretending their lockdown pets are strays, in order to get rid of them. now on bbc news...
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for thousands of years the inuit people lived off the land. now that weather patterns in the arctic have irreversibly shifted, inuit women are trying to hold theirfamilies together through it all. life on thin ice follows three generations of inuit women to see the impact that climate change has had on their community. banging drum. #ayayayayayayay...# climate change came along and it changed everything. due to the ice melting, we've seen all of these changes. it's affecting us up here in the arctic circle. i am worried about the future. we have lagoon on one side, sound on the other. -
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we don't have any room to give. we don't know what's going to happen. - inupiaq have been here for thousands of years, but now my children really have no idea what's ahead of them, and it's scary. kotzebue has a population of about 3,000 people. it's a nice place, very isolated, no roads.
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the only way that we go to the village is either by one of the commuter planes... summertime, we go by boat. wintertime, we go by snow machine. very few people are dog team. i originated to kotzebue about 35 years ago, raised four sons and two daughters. i have 14 grandchildren and two great grandchildren. my inupiaq name is pequq. we like to be called inupiaq, not eskimo. inupiaq means real people. eskimo, that's a non—native�*s definition of us. we as inupiaq people, we know our land. it's like our heartbeat. we know how to survive, how the moon controls the high waters and low waters. we are oui’ own almanac. but then climate change came along and it changed everything.
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suddenly we get a tropic warm—up. everything starts to melt. but we've dealt with this for the last ten, 15 years. we learned to keep the frustration at bay. do we know we are in danger today? we know it's there. we just have to learn how to deal with it. you're listening to kotz 720 am. i'm wesley early with this news update. summer temperatures were three degrees warmer on average this year. that's on top of a record spring that was six degrees warmer than the previous record~ _ those high temperatures mean warmer waters in the kotzebue sound, and that could mean changes to winter subsistence hunts. in the winter...
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radio fades out. i've always loved being outside with my dad, and just hunting and trapping and fishing. you know, once you're out there, you kind of feel super insignificant, which maybe a lot of people wouldn't like to feel. you're kind of at the lands mercy and the weather's mercy, and the animals' mercy then. my dad, he was blessed with three girls at first, and typically it's the guys who go out hunting. you know, he had to kind of work with what he had. when i was younger, i didn't want to be, like, native, you know? um, like, i have some lighter—skinned friends and i kind of wanted to be lighter—skinned, lighter skin—toned. but now, like,
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it's so celebrated. hunting and fishing and living a subsistence lifestyle, ifeel like it's a huge part of my identity. that's part of who i am. 0k. are you ready to pull up yourtraps? yep. we can chop them and see if there's any beavers in there. worried is an understatement when myfamily_ is out on the ice. anything can happen. we live in a place where, er, you know, that nature rules. j things can turn quickly, i that the weather can turn quickly and, orthe ice breaks up earlier than usual, or theyj can fall through the ice. and they have, i you know, before! so it can be pretty— nerve—racking for a mom at home waiting for her crew.
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it's kind of like christmas, huh? yeah! you never know what you're going to get. no, nothing in that one either, huh? no. well, we're going to have to put new bait out. it is important to store food for the winter and to make sure you can get as much as you can of a certain meat or a berry when it's in season, because in the dead of winter we only have a few hours of daylight per day. over the past few years, we've seen all these changes. you know, there'll be a little less of an animal. maybe they won't come at all. caribou is one of our main food sources. this year, we didn't get any caribou. usually they come pretty close in the fall. we're able to just go up the river by boat and shoot some caribou and stock our freezers full,
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but we weren't able to do that this year. due to the ice melting, there are a lot of new waterways opening up. this will be used for a lot of shipping vessels to make their routes easier, but the problem with this is that there's a lot of noise that the ships make and this can have a lot... a big effect on our animals, our marine wildlife. it's just if like we were trying to have a conversation and then there's like this construction happening outside, we're going to want to move to a different room to have our conversation. so that's what the animals are doing. a lot of them are relocating. in a few years, i'm afraid that we won't have the subsistence lifestyle. we won't have the connection to the land like we used to, and my children in the future
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won't be able to feel this connection. so that's what i'm talking about in terms of climate change. just earlier today when we left, it was all solid ice all the way across. and thenjust in a couple of hours, a storm surge happens and it broke up all these pieces of ice and it's moving 'em back in. and what was once frozen this morning isjust back open again. and that's the danger that we live in nowadays, you know? it could change just like that. 0k, we'll take the trap off. 'if you can't predict the weather, 'you just can't predict your safety, really-'— remember, mom doesn't want you guys to get all sealy. right. 0k. you know, we notice all these changes, um, because we're a part of it, because we see it and it's almost like having, you know, thousands and thousands of scientists out here
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every day watching things and making observations. you know? it's not an if, it's a fact. it's right before you. you can't deny it. you know? keep it higher a little bit. it's important to use every part of the animal because it gave itself up to you, for you to eat and for your family to eat and for your community to eat. ok, you remember how to do this? uh, yes. we take the first one first. yeah. in our culture, we have, erm, we're very communal. we make sure that we give the first or a good portion of our catch to especially elders who taught us. they taught us how to do all of this and we want to make
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sure that they're eating well. they sing. i talk to my daughters a lot and i have 16 grandkids. when i'm around them, i try to share what i've learned, my life stories and how we were brought up. then we we live as inupiaq people. if you want to live a good life, grasp some of that. anything domestic i never really learned as a kid. i'm taking into account to learn it now, just because here you kind of need to know all the skills to survive and i want to be able to pass down those domestic skills to my kids. you do it from this way or like... 0k. ..when you hold the fur? so make sure this fur is under.
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back in the day they had to strive for perfection in those things, notjust to be perfect but because a lot of times the stitching was important because they have to go out in a0 below and, you know, make sure that everything was just right. well, a lot of times - you have to be watertight. when i was growing up, you know, the environment was very different. cold. it was extremely cold and lots of snow in the wintertime. lots of snow, yeah. some of the snow would cover the... go up as far as a roof of some homes. and so it was very different. you know, you'd be hard pressed to find anyone that lives in this area that doesn't believe in climate change or global warming or anything, because we live it every day. we see the effects on the ice from year to year. we see the difference in
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the migration of the animals. the ice underneath the tundra, the permafrost, it's supposed to be frozen. it stays frozen, you know, 365 days a year. we have to even have our houses on stilts because the heat from your house will melt the permafrost underneath. the temperatures rising in our area with the ice and the glaciers melting, and the water is more than it used to be, and the storms are different than they used to be. the erosion is happening and some other villages are in danger of losing the entire village. kotzebue is projected to disappear at some point because of global warming and the waters rising.
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we are right on the ocean at sea level. there's a fear that at some point our life is going to be moved, drastically changed or non—existent. my children really have no idea what's ahead of them, and it's scary. you're listening to kotz 720 am. i'm wesley early with this news update. as climate change hits coastal communities in alaska, many tribes are being forced to consider moving from their ancestral lands. the house that we live in now, that my family lives in now, is the house that my parents built and my dad built this entire house. so it's the house that i grew up in. chickens!
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i like how they look at you with one eyeball. we're here, you know, we're on the back side in our house. it's shallow here, all the way over. yeah, there's... it's like four feet deep out here, you know. even when we go to camp, we have to go around the sandbar and then it's only, like, four feet. i am worried about the future of kotzebue because we're on a small spit, you know? we have lagoon on one side and sound on the other. we don't have any room to give, you know? like, if the water was to come up...| don't know how many feet, it would come over the road. my house is close to the lagoon. but it looks cool. can you take the hood off? no, it's cool! child wails. 0k, 0k. show daddy first.
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let me see. let me see! it's not easy living here, but the sense of community and the closeness that we have with people in our community is how i feel like i want my children to be raised. this is my mom and me when i was a baby, and she made everything that i'm wearing. the front sea wall was put up to preserve that front street. from the time that i was a kid till the time that it got put up, it narrowed a lot. there were spaces where it was only a one—way street. i don't know much about permafrost. you know, i don't... i'm not a scientist, but i can tell you what i've seen with my eyes.
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when i was in high school, we would take trips down the coast with our four—wheelers and we could go all the way down. but now, like, even this summer, there was whole sides of the tundra, like, falling and you can see the melting. you canjust...there was like a stream of melting permafrost, you know, going up to the ocean. so i know it's melting. i know it is. this is a moose. people make, like, handles, knife handles and stuff. we don't leave anything. even the head — we'll take the whole head and use it. so this is the old puppy pen that my dad built. and then john took it and made a drying rack. so right now, we have a deboned moose.
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you'd need to come in the summer when i'm doing strips because it's like a four—day process. it is like extreme free—range. 0ur food comes from out there. it's roaming all those thousands and thousands of untouched acres of, you know, tundra and mountains and, you know, no pollution. i believe that eskimos or inupiaq people need to eat the food that their ancestors ate. chuckles. get out of the kitchen while i'm cooking! we don't have anything that connects us to a road system so the only way that things can get groceries and every item that you can physically see got here was by air. that inflates the cost of your item because you're having to pay for the freight to get here. it's crazy how expensive things are. milk is, like, $11 a gallon.
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money makes the world go around, i guess. oh, yeah! is it spicy? no. 0k. 0ur predictable winters, you know, where we could say, "by october whatever, 15, it's going to be frozen enough "to where i could do this," it's not happening any more. it's so different every year. it's like a weird sliding scale. we don't know what's going to happen. what if i don't get fish or what if i don't get something that i was counting on getting? i wanted to go fishing today. i actually called my aunt and she said, "we're not going to camp. let's go fishing." and then she called me maybe seven last night and said, "i don't know if we can go fishing. "it's supposed to be high water."
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they had one of those roads back here blocked because the water was going up on it at 6:00 this morning. look. when it's like this, it means the water is high. it's all the way up here. when we dug in here, you could see the water. i don't feel safe going out here because i can't see where the dark spots are because it snowed, you know, it stormed over the ice. and then we had that high water that came all the way up here. so i don't know if there's water in between the ice that was already established, and the snow that snowed on top of it. you could lose your feet to frostbite if you stepped through this, right here. it's dangerous. you have to have multiple ways of deciding what you're going to do. you know, you can'tjust be like, "oh, it's cold out. "i'm going to go on the ice." you know, was there high water? was it warm? did it freeze? and then — just like
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this — did it snow? you can't see where there could be dark spots. you know, it's kind of dangerous. i was born and raised here. i was born in the middle of winter here. i can't imagine not knowing what snow and ice is. mother nature is our mother. she cares for us. she supplies for us. why is there climate change? caused by human people. the very people that
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mother is nurturing. humans are abusive. man can be the culprit behind greed to ruin the first peoples... people that know and thrive with the heartbeat of mother earth. why? why can't they ask us? it's just... it's a hard pill to swallow. we don't just want to survive, we want to thrive on this land. i can't imagine having to relocate your whole home just because the water is coming up over it.
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it's devastating as a community. my ancestors, they've been living off this - land for a long time. they've passed down their| knowledge about the land. the inupiaq, we're connected as a community, so i think. if we really stick together in that, we'll be able - to adapt to the changes. i think the rest of the world need to learn from indigenous people, because they learn throughout their lifespan to know how to survive. people have hearts. doesn't matter if you are a billionaire, don't matter if you live in a beautiful home. the magic is we're connected to the land, so there's time to rejuvenate hearts.
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this new generation, they can change their energy to fix mother earth. time for your latest update on your weekend weather at what is on the way. turned milder out there, hasn't translated into a lot of sunshine, there is a lot of cloud and particularly in parts of scotland rain coming down. from a weather system and the rest of the day and tomorrow will move its way south—eastwards across the uk. ahead of its arrival, it has switched the
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wind to a milder south—westerly, plenty of cloud. eight few brighter breaks through that cloud across eastern scotland and england for the rest of the afternoon. it is turning better in northern ireland to the west, and across more of western scotland, getting on into this evening. windy where we have the rain, patchy rain for wales and the western side of england, highs of 12-14. western side of england, highs of 12—111. tonight western side of england, highs of 12—14 . tonight in western side of england, highs of 12—111. tonight in western scotland some areas seeing a0 12—1a. tonight in western scotland some areas seeing a0 millimetres of rain in the hills, travel disruption, a wet evening and night in northern ireland, rain clearing later as it spreads into parts of north—west england, west wales and south—west england. central and eastern parts of england staying dry, in mild night, quite windy out there. this weather system will move south—east across the uk tomorrow, the rain start turning increasingly patchy and showery, part of east anglia and south—east england staying largely dry until late in
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the day, not much rain at all. behind the weather system, brightening up in scotland and northern ireland, a few shower is arriving, especially north—west scotland, it could be heavy and may be fun to read. monday, in between weather systems, a few showers moving through, and other area of low pressure from tuesday onwards that will sit to the west of us with a stalled frontal system giving some of us rain on and off for a few days. monday, the in between with the system date, right and breezy, you can spot a few showers moving west to ease, feeling fresher. tuesday onwards, a frontal system close to northern and western parts of the uk, most of the rain there, not necessarily all the time, eastern and south—east england very little rain on the way until quite late in the week. for all, mild, while this where you are driest, temperatures headed back into the upper teens in some spots, helped
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get to see some occasional sunshine.
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this is bbc news with the latest headlines. teachers call for tougher action against covid in england's schools, saying staff are "on their knees". a senior government adviser on covid warns the uk could face another lockdown at christmas — and tells people they shouldn't wait for ministers to take action. do everything possible in your control to reduce transmission, don't wait for the government to change policy. the sooner we all act, the sooner we can get the transmission rate down and the greater the prospect of having a christmas with our families. ministers promise half a billion pounds to support families in the budget, but the labour party calls it a "smokescreen." court documents show alec baldwin was told that
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a prop gun was safe, in the moments before


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