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tv   Climate Change on Trial  BBC News  October 23, 2021 2:30am-3:01am BST

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this is bbc news, the headlines: the actor alec baldwin has expressed his shock and sadness after he accidentally shot two people on the set of his new film. the cinematographer halyna hutchins was killed, and the directorjoel souza was injured when a gun being used as a prop went off. the eu has accused belarus of recruiting migrants in the middle east and pushing them into europe, and said the government there is planning to issue visa waivers to even more countries. eu leaders said the matter will lead to them taking further action against minsk. scientists advising the british government say stricter covid measures should be made ready for �*rapid deployment�*. however, prime minister boris johnson has insisted �*plan b�* for england isn�*t needed yet. the latest estimates suggest 1.1 million people in the uk had the virus last week.
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now on bbc news, it�*s time for climate change on trial. nick beake travels to norway to meet the young people taking on their government. life under the midnight sun. here in the arctic circle, nature rules.— here in the arctic circle, nature rules. ~ , ., nature rules. we breathe, we live for the — nature rules. we breathe, we live for the reindeer, - nature rules. we breathe, wei live for the reindeer, because the reindeer, they are the ones that make us survive. but the reindeer, they are the ones that make us survive.— that make us survive. but all this is under _ that make us survive. but all this is under threat. - that make us survive. but all this is under threat. the - this is under threat. the impact of climate change is being felt and seen in this part of norway than in most other parts of the world. the climate crisis _ other parts of the world. the climate crisis is _ other parts of the world. tue: climate crisis is definitely here, and it has started and it is dramatic already. i can see the forest dying, i can see a river being closed for some
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fishing. river being closed for some fishinu. �* , river being closed for some fishinu. v . river being closed for some fishin., �*, ., , river being closed for some fishinu. �*, . . fishing. it's a place rich in natural resources - fishing. it's a place rich in natural resources that - fishing. it's a place rich in i natural resources that have made this country very wealthy, and that creates a conflict. t and that creates a conflict. i know how it could be if we don�*t have the oil and gas companies there. it will be a ghost city with no industry and no... nothing. 50 ghost city with no industry and no. .. nothing.— no... nothing. so the battle for the arctic is on. - no... nothing. so the battle for the arctic is on. we - no... nothing. so the battlei for the arctic is on. we have travelled thousands of kilometres to meet the young people taking on their government, trying to stop further drilling for oil and gas. is one of many fights emerging across europe. the wealth of nations versus the health of the planet. who will win? in the fjords of the
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northern tip of norway, climate change campaigners have set up camp. they form their own arctic circle of solidarity. they are trying to stop the opening of a mine which they say would damage this place forever. ella marie is one of the country�*s biggest young stars, a winner of the x factor stars, a winner of the x factor star competition. she is from the sami people, and indigenous community, that now appears for their way of life.— their way of life. there is so much tradition _ their way of life. there is so much tradition based - their way of life. there is so much tradition based off - their way of life. there is so i much tradition based off living off nature and the river and the forests, it�*s such a big
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part of who we are, and our tradition, and why we live here. , , ., , , tradition, and why we live here. , , , ., here. these protesters have come from _ here. these protesters have come from very _ here. these protesters have come from very different. here. these protesters have i come from very different parts of norway, but all believe their country�*s exporter of fossil fuels is putting the planet in peril. i fossil fuels is putting the planet in peril.— planet in peril. i can see basically _ planet in peril. i can see basically everyone - planet in peril. i can see basically everyone in - planet in peril. i can seej basically everyone in my generation and younger than me also being very concerned about the future. we are real people with real feelings and we are very very concerned about the future, and we are feeling a lot of anxiety. i do believe that the climate crisis is here, and it has started, and it is dramatic already. 50 here, and it has started, and it is dramatic already. so when she is not _ it is dramatic already. so when she is not writing _ it is dramatic already. so when she is not writing or _ she is not writing or performing songs, 23—year—old ella marie is taking a government of the european court of human rights. she argues that allowing more drilling for oil in arctic will harm young people �*s�* feature. i�*m really hungry to see and eager to see the norwegian
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government be held responsible for their actions and their politics, and i really do believe that norway has a big part of the responsibility to solve the climate crisis because we have been such a big oil producer, just with my own eyes ma closes environment back home where i grew up i can see our river being closed for some fishing for the first time. i can see the forest dying. warmer conditions have attracted moths which decimated the trees in their path. trees that would absorb harmful carbon dioxide caused by burning fossilfuels. carbon dioxide caused by burning fossil fuels. scientist pointed these, as scars climate change. as we journey through this remote and often breathtaking region, we hear of more people who are fearful for the future. today we�*re going
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to meet someone who has been witnessing an influx. mil to meet someone who has been witnessing an influx.— witnessing an influx. all the main changes _ witnessing an influx. all the main changes were - witnessing an influx. all the main changes were made i witnessing an influx. all the - main changes were made during the ice age 10,000 years ago, so it�*s really scary what is happening right now. so it's really scary what is happening right now. this woman sometimes _ happening right now. this woman sometimes feels _ happening right now. this woman sometimes feels she _ happening right now. this woman sometimes feels she is _ happening right now. this woman sometimes feels she is fighting i sometimes feels she is fighting a losing battle. herjob is to try to protect the environment in this municipality. she is alarmed by what she has seen in the decades she has been living here. . , the decades she has been living here. ., , , ., , the decades she has been living here. , ., , here. the last years has decreased, _ here. the last years has decreased, the - here. the last years has decreased, the wind - here. the last years has| decreased, the wind tier here. the last years has i decreased, the wind tier 2 winters are getting warmer and the summers are getting warmer, it�*s more weather, more rain, we don�*t really know how it will and, so it�*s quite scary actually, it is. to will and, so it's quite scary actually, it is.— actually, it is. to thomas about a — actually, it is. to thomas about a particular - actually, it is. to thomas about a particular glazier| about a particular glazier nearby, a five hour hike to get there, but she says once we arrived, we will see for
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ourselves exactly what has changed. they call these the norwegian alps. this is one of 140 glaziers on the lincoln peninsula, but a place which has been sculpted over thousands of years is now melting rapidly, all adding to rising sea levels. in 1998, the glazier reads all the way back to hear. but injust glazier reads all the way back to hear. but in just four years, it had retracted to where i am standing now, and in the years that followed, the ice continued to melt, and you can see what has happened. so much has been lost injust can see what has happened. so much has been lost in just 23 years. a landscape redrawn. {line
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years. a landscape redrawn. one of my reindeer, _ years. a landscape redrawn. one of my reindeer, the _ years. a landscape redrawn. que: of my reindeer, the biggest one in our reindeer herd, and he is like my grandmother actually, very stubborn, he is the boss of the herd, just like my grandmother, so i�*m excited to see him today. singing, the traditional semi songs has helped past many hours, looking for the animals.
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at 83, karen anna is the oldest reindeer herd in the region. herfamily happy doing reindeer herd in the region. her family happy doing this 400 years. something her granddaughter is well aware of. it's granddaughter is well aware of. it�*s our life, we breathe and live for the reindeer the reindeer, they are the ones that make us survive. but today the are that make us survive. but today they are not _ that make us survive. but today they are not having _ that make us survive. but today they are not having any - that make us survive. but today they are not having any luck - they are not having any luck tracking them down. it�*s an unusually hot day, yet again. eventually they stop the max like that there reindeer have headed way up the mountainside to one of the few pockets of snow. a cool spot of sanctuary in a warming world. this is all that karen anna has ever known, a nomadic life. this is one of six cabins she stays at depending on where her reindeer have to venture.
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you have been a reindeer herd all your life. when you are with the animals out there when the land, how do you feel? what goes through your mind? but this grandmother of nine is worried that future generations will not be able to live like this. she is placing herfaith in young people, not
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politicians. as anna leaves her grandma behind, she contemplates her own future. i find the balance quite difficult, between the modern and traditional way of living, so i really like to show the world what we do, and what our traditions are, because i think they are very wonderful. unlike other members _ they are very wonderful. unlike other members of— they are very wonderful. unlike other members of the - they are very wonderful. unlike other members of the family, | other members of the family, reindeer would not define here career. she is a filmmaker, but anna hopes her work & a light on the growing to indigenous community is. the on the growing to indigenous community is.— community is. the world has more need _ community is. the world has more need for _ community is. the world has more need for power, - community is. the world has more need for power, and i community is. the world has i
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more need for power, and that takes away the land of the reindeer, and when they do that, the reindeer has less food to eat, they can�*t grow as big as they should, so i think for reindeer husbandry, the government is the biggest threat right now.— government is the biggest threat right now. does she believe her _ threat right now. does she believe her people - threat right now. does she believe her people will. believe her people will survive? i believe her people will survive?— believe her people will survive? , ., ., ~' survive? i try not to think about it _ survive? i try not to think about it so _ survive? i try not to think about it so much - survive? i try not to think about it so much because survive? i try not to think. about it so much because it survive? i try not to think- about it so much because it is really like a dark thought. i am a bit concerned, yes, that the sami culture will die, and the sami culture will die, and the reindeer husbandry especially is very threatened now. i especially is very threatened now. . , especially is very threatened now. ., y ., especially is very threatened now. ., , ., especially is very threatened now. ., ., now. i really do hope that we will aet now. i really do hope that we will get to — now. i really do hope that we will get to live _ now. i really do hope that we will get to live in _ now. i really do hope that we will get to live in peace - now. i really do hope that we will get to live in peace with l will get to live in peace with nature and with the reindeer for thousands of years. if i could just be a little bit like my grandmother i would be so happy with that in the future.
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we are on the move again. today will be an eight hour drive. the scenery looks like it has been here since time began but everywhere we go, we are told about how higher temperatures are shaping this environment, including here in the tromso region. they say they are already seeing the impact of climate change, in the mountains, in the forests, and in their rivers as well. there is a specific threat worrying this marine biologist and his young helper. we
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this marine biologist and his young helper-— this marine biologist and his young helper. we don't want this fish in — young helper. we don't want this fish in the _ young helper. we don't want this fish in the river, - young helper. we don't want this fish in the river, this - this fish in the river, this introduced species and it seems to have now exploded in numbers. it is dreadful, for the native salmon and we don�*t know the consequences yet but with its numbers we are seeing it in the river is now, it is scary, really scary and really worrying, how many fish we see. this is a female. pink salmon or humpback salmon also carry diseases which were a big threat to the native at atlantic salmon, that so many of our seed. this man has been tracking the migration of salmon for years and says the temperature of the water is rising, attracting these unwanted visitors copy the danger with this is that when the temperatures rise in the ocean, this will have a benefit
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over the native species like the atlantic salmon and all these native species be, because they are adapted to cold water, and when you get an increase in temperature, you have other introduced species that are used to this and they have a benefit and outcompete with the native species, and that�*s what we see now. and so you are taking action? that's what we see now. and so you are taking action?— you are taking action? yes. i think it will _ you are taking action? yes. i think it will be _ you are taking action? yes. i think it will be hard - you are taking action? yes. i think it will be hard to - you are taking action? yes. i think it will be hard to stop l think it will be hard to stop it honestly, we cannot stop this. the numbers are so high now, we can�*t stop it, but what we�*re doing is trying to reduce it. reducing the numbers, so at least we get as many salmon, atlantic salmon in so they can spawn without disturbing the others. disturbance from the pink. others. disturbance from the ink. others. disturbance from the hink, , ., , others. disturbance from the ink. ,., , others. disturbance from the ink. pink. the professor is backing the young _ pink. the professor is backing the young norwegian - pink. the professor is backing the young norwegian climate | the young norwegian climate campaigners fighting the government and trying to turn the tide. ~ ., ., , ., the tide. what we really have
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to do is take _ the tide. what we really have to do is take action _ the tide. what we really have to do is take action now - the tide. what we really have to do is take action now and l to do is take action now and start producing climate —— reducing climate gases so we can at least put the brakes on. i don�*t think it is possible to stop it and i think most scientists agree. this decision needs to be made by the pop politicians that are not popular because the next generation have a better understanding of what is happening and if we do not listen to them now we will leave a bad future for them. and this generation say they are in for the long haul, investing their time and money travelling around the country to different protest camps. back where they are trying to stop a nearby mine from opening we meet someone else taking the norwegian government to court in strasberg. norwegian government to court in strasberg— in strasberg. they are drilling for oil in the _ in strasberg. they are drilling for oil in the arc, _ in strasberg. they are drilling for oil in the arc, further - for oil in the arc, further north than ever before and in
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an area where we know countries that make no other countries are drilling. so we have not been able to win that fight so we think that by complaining this to the european court of human rights we may have a chance to stop this catastrophic oil drilling. 23—year—old mia chamberlain has tried to juggle 23—year—old mia chamberlain has tried tojuggle her 23—year—old mia chamberlain has tried to juggle her psychology degree studies with bringing the legal case.— degree studies with bringing the legal case. personally, my sto is the legal case. personally, my story is kind — the legal case. personally, my story is kind of _ the legal case. personally, my story is kind of one _ the legal case. personally, my story is kind of one built - the legal case. personally, my story is kind of one built on i story is kind of one built on the climate anxiety. i have an overwhelming fear for the future and massive deep sadness and anger towards having to grow up in a world that is headed towards ecological collapse. and the only way to stop feeling like this is to actually do something. so
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assuming —— suing the state and attacking the problem in a direct massive way is a way of actually being able to take them take responsibility. many ouni them take responsibility. many young people _ them take responsibility. many young people in _ them take responsibility. many young people in norway - them take responsibility. many young people in norway and i young people in norway and elsewhere feeling the same as you? definitely. we saw this since the school strikes for climate change that greta thunberg started, that this fear has manifested itself in a movement for a whole generation. noise young activists are part of a growing movement across europe. in the netherlands, a court ordered shell to cut emissions after citizens argued that the oil company was violating their human rights. and campaigners from portugal have filed their own lawsuit to safeguard their future physical and mental well—being. i future physical and mental well-being— future physical and mental well-beini. . �* well-being. iam terrified. but the momentum _ well-being. iam terrified. but the momentum is _ well-being. iam terrified. but the momentum is definitely i the momentum is definitely there and i hope that a lot more people are willing to take action and it definitely does not have to be illegal in order
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to take direct action to change but it does depend on the politicians we choose and the politicians we choose and the politicians who will empower to change what the corporations are doing to our pal amit. == are doing to our pal amit. -- lanet. are doing to our pal amit. -- planet- the _ are doing to our pal amit. —— planet. the arctic circle is warming twice as fast as the global average. and here in norway they grapple with a paradox. the government says it is at the forefront of an international effort to tackle climate change. yet it continues to make billions each year from the export of its oil and gas. really, though, all rich western nations face the same simple question. how much are they willing to sacrifice to prevent the global climate emergency? it to prevent the global climate emergency?— to prevent the global climate emergency? it is something in the mind of— emergency? it is something in the mind of ernest _ emergency? it is something in the mind of ernest solberg. i emergency? it is something in i the mind of ernest solberg. she became always prime minister in 2013. ~ ., 2013. we meet her on the campaign _ 2013. we meet her on the campaign trail— 2013. we meet her on the campaign trail as - 2013. we meet her on the campaign trail as she - 2013. we meet her on the i campaign trail as she makes 2013. we meet her on the - campaign trail as she makes a bid for an historic third term
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in office. under her leadership, nearly all of norway�*s own power consumption has become renewable but she has become renewable but she has given out more permits for drilling oil in the arctic ocean. six young people in your 0cean. six young people in your country feel that their future is injeopardy country feel that their future is in jeopardy because of the policies that you have been pursuing. do you have any sympathy for those young climate at the vests you really want to take their case to the european court now. they want strasberg to alter the route you are going down.- you are going down. they clearly lost _ you are going down. they clearly lost in _ you are going down. they clearly lost in our - you are going down. they. clearly lost in our supreme court and as a politician i do not believe in using the courts to make a political decision for a country. i believe in democracy, not a legal system that overruns democracy. that means you should vote politicians based on what you believe and i do believe that we should develop the resources we should develop the resources we have, for example natural gas, which are, in fact, we have, for example natural gas, which are, infact, by we have, for example natural gas, which are, in fact, by our view, part of the solution. ihi,
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view, part of the solution. a few weeks after we make, she loses the election and steps down as prime minister. but a new government here will be committed to more drilling, at least for now. the oil and gas sector in norway accounts for more than 40% of the country�*s exports. kim�*s family is one of 200,000 who rely on the production of fossil fuels. he works for the state—owned energy company as an electrician on an oil rig. i know how it could be in hammerfest if we do not have the economy and the oil and gas companies there. it will be a ghost city with no industry and nothing. so for us it is important.— nothing. so for us it is imortant. , ., ., , ., important. many norwegians do not want to _
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important. many norwegians do not want to see _ important. many norwegians do not want to see these _ important. many norwegians do not want to see these key - not want to see these key industries undermined. they feel less drilling could make them poorer. i feel less drilling could make them poorer.— feel less drilling could make them poorer. feel less drilling could make them oorer. ., ., ~ ., ., them poorer. i am working on an oil and gas _ them poorer. i am working on an oil and gas station _ them poorer. i am working on an oil and gas station and, - oil and gas station and, probably, my children will also go to work at the same place as i did. i have a lot of friends older than me, they have children who are working at the same place. it is very important. we do not have any other place to work. so important. we do not have any other place to work.— other place to work. so if 'obs were lost i other place to work. so if 'obs were lost and i other place to work. so if 'obs were lost and companies h other place to work. so if jobs| were lost and companies were too close, what would that mean for you your family and your community?— for you your family and your community? for you your family and your communi ? a, , ., ., community? maybe we would have to move to — community? maybe we would have to move to another— community? maybe we would have to move to another place. - community? maybe we would have to move to another place. kim - to move to another place. kim thinks that _ to move to another place. kim thinks that people _ to move to another place. kim thinks that people should be realistic and look at the bigger picture. he believes that norway is on the right path. ii that norway is on the right ath. ., ., that norway is on the right ath. ., , , ., ., path. if norway shuts down oil and as, path. if norway shuts down oil and gas, someone _ path. if norway shuts down oil and gas, someone else - path. if norway shuts down oil and gas, someone else will. and gas, someone else will produce oil and gas that we do not produce. and they are not doing it are clean away the
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norway is doing it. that is my opinion. the oil and gas fields must not build out. if you build them out now it will be a clean oil and gas production. much cleaner than the saudi arabia, than the russians are doing. so i think if we do not doing. so i think if we do not do it, someone else will do it. so norway has tough decisions to make. like so many other countries, and with time running out.
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hello. the weather has thrown just about everything at us over the last week or so. heavy rain, squally winds, a bit of snow over high ground in scotland. so, what does the weekend have in store? well actually, a return to milder conditions, some brisk winds, and some rain at times courtesy of this frontal system that you can see pushing in from the west. but it is moving quite slowly, it�*s running up against high pressure. so there will still be a fair amount of dry weather around through saturday and, where skies have been clear, a really chilly start across parts of eastern scotland and eastern england. but that is where we will see the rest of the sunshine, more cloud further west, the odd spot of drizzle, and then, our weather front
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bringing persistent rain quite slowly eastward across northern ireland and into western scotland. it�*ll be breezy or windy wherever you are, but particularly windy in the west of scotland, with wind gusts in excess of 50 mph in exposed places. but feeling relatively mild, 12—14 celsius. as we head through saturday night, there will be a lot of cloud, we�*ll see outbreaks of rain moving very slowly eastward through scotland, hanging on across parts of northern ireland and getting into northwest england, parts of wales and the south—west, as well, but a much milder start to sunday morning. and our frontal system will continue to trudge its way eastwards through the day. and really, i think this weather front is going to break up into showers, so it won�*t be raining all the time. but we are going to see some even milder weather, if anything, spreading northwards across the uk. so, this is sunday�*s forecast — we will see a lot of cloud to start off, some outbreaks of rain tending to break up into showers with some sunny spells developing, too.
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a brisk wind once again but, because that wind is coming from the south, it is going to feel really quite mild with temperatures getting to 14—15, maybe 16 celsius in 1—2 places. but what about the coming week? we are going to see further frontal systems pushing in from the west. a potential warm weather front could become quite slow moving out towards the north and west of the uk. a bit of uncertainty about that, but we can certainly see quite a lot of rain in some northern and western areas. but there is some mild weather to come, as well, with brisk south—westerly winds. and the further south you are, the better chance of staying dry at least for a few days. and here, temperatures could climb all the way to 18 celsius.
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welcome to bbc news, i�*m alice baxter. our top stories: more details on how the actor alec baldwin accidentally shot dead a crew member on the set of his latest film — court documents suggest he was told the gun was safe. he european union accuses belarus of state sponsored people smuggling. we follow one group of migrants, on their way to europe. abortion in mexico — we hearfrom women a month after a landmark ruling which decriminalised it. as european football is expanded is the global game doing enough to counter climate change?

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