hello. welcome to bbc news. i'm at ben boulos. al top stories: inside the world of kim jong—un, a former north korean spy tells us pyongyang will never give up its weapons. translation: in the end, denuclearisation cannot be achieved. why? north korea's nuclear deterrent is tied to kim jong—un's survival. british police are dropping a review of sexual assault allegations by an american woman, virginia giuffre, against prince andrew. the spy who fed me. the fbi says it has uncovered a plot to sell a national secret concealed in a sandwich. after more than 100 days of lockdown, new south wales begins to open up, providing you've had the jab. and new research warns that the loss of biodiversity
risks tipping the world into ecological meltdown. hello. a very warm welcome to the programme. kim jong—un will never give up his nuclear weapons, according to a former senior officer in north korea's spy agencies. colonel kim kuk—song defected from north korea in 2014, says he was involved in targeted attacks and assassinations and even built an illegal drug slab for the leader. in an exclusive interview with the bbc has been speaking to our correspondent in seoul, laura bicker. laura joins us now. what more did we learn from this rather exceptional interview? i have
5 - ent exceptional interview? i have spent several _ exceptional interview? i have spent several hours - exceptional interview? i have spent several hours with - exceptional interview? i have spent several hours with the | spent several hours with the kernel over several months talking to him about his time in pyongyang. and although much of what he says is historical, he left, he defected in 2014, it does give us an insight into a regime that is desperate to make cash by any means possible. and into the inner workings of the early career of kimjong—un. he workings of the early career of kim jong—un. he says he was ordered to assassinate a high profile defect here in song. he talks about building a drugs lab to produce crystal meth, counterfeit money laundering, where he says they produce money and took it out of the country in suitcases. there is a lot of todayjust country in suitcases. there is a lot of today just there for those looking to figure out how north korea makes its funds. and also he talked to us about whether or not north korea would ever denuclearise. here is a full interview. —— our full interview.
for decades, one family has maintained a brutal grip on north korea. but occasionally, some slip through their grasp and reveal their secrets. translation: north korea's intelligence agency _ is the eyes, ears, and brains of the supreme leader. colonel kim kuk—song spent 30 years in pyongyang's spy agencies. he defected in 2014 but has now, for the first time, decided to speak out. translation: there are many cases where i directed spies i to go to south korea on missions. many cases. he claims kimjong—un gave an order to kill off one of the leaders's main critics. the target was this man, hwang jang—yop. back in 2009, he was a high—profile defender in south korea. translation: it was a gift i to demonstrate kim jong-un's loyalty to his father. that's why this act of terror was organised. the attempt failed.
pyongyang always denied it was involved. although some were caught, along with all their kit, the colonel claims agents infiltrated many areas of south korean society, including in the early 90s, the presidential office. this level of starvation is unprecedented... that same decade, as thousands of north koreans staffed in a disastrous famine, the colonel said the cash—strapped leader ordered him to produce and sell illegal drugs. translation: i brought three foreigners into north korea . and built a base to produce crystal meth. all the money into north korea belongs to kimjong il and kim jong—un. with that money, he built villas, bought cars, bought food, get clothes, enjoy the luxuries. as pyongyang stepped up its weapons programme, it too became a way to raise funds.
translation: | know - that the operations department made arms deals with iran. as for the types, special midget submarines, semisubmersibles. north korea was very good at building cutting—edge weapons like this. north korea continues to build and test new weapons and missiles. it's been accused of selling arms and technology to a number of countries, which it denies. efforts to encourage the regime to disarm have repeatedly failed. translation: the international community was excited - when kimjong—un and trump met. saying it was for denuclearisation. but i didn't view it that way. in the end, denuclearisation cannot be achieved. why? north korea's nuclear deterrent is tied to kim jong—un's survival.
as the young dictator executed many of his political rivals, the colonel realised he too was at risk. translation: i was the reddest of the red and to abandon my - country and to escape to south korea was the worst grief stricken decision, made in utter distress. while the colonel�*s account is impossible to verify, it serves as a timely reminder that the young leader has proved to be an adept dictator, with only one goal in mind. the survival of his regime. laura bicker, bbc news, seoul. police in the uk are dropping a review of sexual assault allegations against prince andrew, the duke of york. as accuser, virginia giuffre, has brought a civil lawsuit in the united states, claiming she was trafficked to london as a 17—year—old by the convict sex
offender geoffrey epstein and forced to have sex with prince andrew. the royal has consistently denied all her allegations. in august, britain's my senior police officer that she had asked her team to look again at the allegations, but the police say they have completed that review and no further action will be taken in the uk. looking at some of the other main news from around the world. 16 people have died in a plane crash in russia nearly 1000 kilometres east of moscow. a further six people who were on board the light aircraft were rescued, with serious injuries, and have been taken to hospital. the plane, owned by the local flying club, crashed soon after take—off. most of those on board were members of a parachute team. state media in yemen say six people have been killed in a car bomb attack in the city of aden. it is understood that a convoy accompanying the local governor and a government minister was targeted. both men are reported to have survived
but a press secretary and the photographer died. tens of thousands of people have protested in the belgium capital, brussels, for ambitious action to tackle global warming. it comes three weeks before the start of a major united nations climate summit, which is to be held in scotland. the issue gained a greater political traction in belgium in the wake of deadly floods that hit the country and the wider region injuly. ireland's foreign minister has said that the uk's demand for changes to the northern ireland protocol could cause a breakdown in relations with the eu. the brexit minister, lord frost, has said he wants the european court of justice removed from oversight of the deal. fbi agents have arrested a couple in west virginia on suspicion of selling nuclear warship secrets to what the pair believe was a foreign power. they sayjonathan toebbe deliver data because to an undercover fbi agent in return
for about $100,000 in cryptocurrency. well, plenty of questions around this, with me is mark labelle.— is mark labelle. how are they called? the — is mark labelle. how are they called? the us— is mark labelle. how are they called? the us naval- is mark labelle. how are they called? the us naval nuclear| called? the us naval nuclear engineer was glued into a trap by the fbi that involved half a peanut butter sandwich and one of these, a small data card which was slipped either on top of the sandwich, with a plastic bag around it, or was it squeezed inside the sandwich. let me expand how we got to this point with this caught him out. let me take you back to april 2020, jonathan toebbe, with access to lots of secrets of the us navy, wrote a letter in april 2020. let's show you that letter. this arrived in a foreign country with a package sent to a foreign government. this is what he said. well, indeed, it wasn't a hoax, with restricted information, but it was passed the fbi in that country. they use
encrypted e—mails to try to lower the secret is out and eventually paid him $10,000 on cryptocurrencies to get him to trust them, as well as sending signals from an embassy in washington related to that unnamed country. we don't know what those signals were, but essentially they agreed to do drop—offs of this information where they wouldn't be present but they would leave them on items such as the peanut butter sandwich, for which he got $20,000 in return so he would give the password to the fbi. they did a second one in a chewing gum wrapper, the third one on saturday. they caught him and his wife, she is a teacher in america, she teaches humanities, and she was acting as the lookout for these drop—offs, allegedly. as the lookout for these drop-offs, allegedly. $20,000 for a sandwich. _ drop-offs, allegedly. $20,000 for a sandwich. i _ drop-offs, allegedly. $20,000 for a sandwich. i thought - drop-offs, allegedly. $20,000 for a sandwich. i thought my i for a sandwich. i thought my lunch was extravagant. what were the secrets that they managed to get out, if any? well, they were on their way to finding out the designs of nuclear powered warships. these are the type of warships that can go silently in the water and can propel themselves so fast that not even a chinese
submarine could potentially catch them. you will remember, these were the types of secrets are sold recently to australia by america that so enraged the french. well, jonathan toebbe had been working in the navy between 2012 and was active until 2017. between 2012 and was active until2017. he between 2012 and was active until 2017. he thought he might get caught doing this, so he did have his passport and some cash ready in order to be extracted, but in fact he was caught by the fbi before he could escape or attempted espionage, detained under the atomic energy act. so because he is innocent until proven guilty and he will appear in court with his wife, for the first time, on tuesday. one last brief— first time, on tuesday. one last brief question. - first time, on tuesday. one last brief question. what i last brief question. what happened to the sandwich? i think we will have to find something to hide in their of significant importance later. they will leave you to take over. thank you very much, mark labelle. still to come: so just sojust mourn so just mourn the loss of biodiversity is risking global supply chains. —— scientists warned the loss.
parts of san francisco least affected by the earthquake are returning to life, but in the marina area where most of the damage was done, they are more conscious than ever of how much has been destroyed. in the 19 years since he was last here, he has gone from being a little—known revolutionary to an experienced and successful diplomatic operator. it was a 20—pound bomb which exploded on the fifth floor of the grand hotel, ripping a hole in the front of the building. this government will not - weaken, democracy will prevail. it fills me with humility and gratitude to know that i have been chosen as the recipient of this foremost of earthly honours. this catholic nation held its breath for the men they called the 33. and then, bells tolled nationwide to announce the first rescue and chile let
out an almighty roar. hello i am ben, this is bbc news. their headlines. a former spider tells the bbc that pyongyang will never give up its weapons. us navy nuclear engineer and his wife have been charged with trying to sell secrets to what they thought was a foreign state. in the uk, with the winter flu jab campaign happening, there is a warning of catching both the flu and covid—19 at the same time. early evidence suggests you are twice as likely to dive to become infected with both viruses at the same time. this is the health correspondent. viruses are transmitted when people sneeze... as this video wants, this winter will bring
along other dangers, notjust along other dangers, not just covid. along other dangers, notjust covid. with little flu virus circulated last year, there are warnings low immunity could result in tens of thousands of deaths. this is also the first winter weather will be significant amount of flu and covid. research shows those infected with both viruses are twice as likely to die, compared to covid alone. we do know from _ compared to covid alone. we do know from the _ compared to covid alone. we do know from the small _ compared to covid alone. we do know from the small amount - compared to covid alone. we do know from the small amount of. know from the small amount of data we had previously, that people are more significant risk of death and serious illness if they are co— infected with the flu and covid, and that does not seem to be from our studies, a fact which many of the public understand.— which many of the public understand. ~ ., ., understand. where are we now? injul , understand. where are we now? in july. england _ understand. where are we now? in july, england became - understand. where are we now? in july, england became the - injuly, england became the first nation in europe to fully unlock. 0ther first nation in europe to fully unlock. other countries have followed but taken a more cautious approach. as this graph shows, the uk has one of the highest covid rates in europe, well above that of france or germany but if you look at the daily covid deaths,
while the uk is still higher, a real concern for health leaders, the gap between the countries shrinks. this is an example of the power of the vaccination programme, providing vital protection to those most at risk. how will we cope this winter? the government hopes vaccines will protect us this winter, with more than 2 million booster jabs administered in england alone. to protect schoolchildren where infections are hired, covidjabs are being rolled out to over 12 while the flu vaccine is available to those under 16. logistical problems, sharp that a staff shortages and logistical problems have caused delays potentially to the end of november, prompting for things like face coverings to be brought in.— like face coverings to be brought in. vaccinations or ha - en brought in. vaccinations or happen slowly— brought in. vaccinations or happen slowly but - brought in. vaccinations or happen slowly but it - brought in. vaccinations or happen slowly but it is - happen slowly but it is happening slowly in the under teens and children under the age of 12 are not offered the vaccine anyway and most are not that ill and many do not have symptoms at all but enough of
them have serious long—term consequences or serious illness, or the knock—on effects, and that really matters. it effects, and that really mattere— effects, and that really matters. . . . matters. it is feared even a small surging _ matters. it is feared even a small surging demand - matters. it is feared even a small surging demand can l matters. it is feared even a - small surging demand can cause real problems for the nhs and at this stage of these pandemic has also been called one of the most difficult times to predict what is to come. anna collinson, bbc news. people in the australian state of new south wales are beginning to enjoy new freedoms as it starts to open up. with 70% of the adult population are double vaccinated, the loosening of coronavirus restrictions will only apply to those who have had the vaccine. those who have not, will have to wait until december one. residents of the greater sydney area have been on stay—at—home orders for 3.5 months, however, the premier of new south wales warned against being too relaxed and encourage people to be responsible. if we take personal responsibility, we will get
through this difficult time. it is a time _ through this difficult time. it is a time of optimism and hope and we — is a time of optimism and hope and we know that business confidence is crucial about getting _ confidence is crucial about getting the economy out but we need _ getting the economy out but we need to— getting the economy out but we need to do it in a safe way. it is an— need to do it in a safe way. it is an exciting day for our state _ is an exciting day for our state but i do want to reiterate, we need to do this in a — reiterate, we need to do this in a safe _ reiterate, we need to do this in a safe way, please treat everybody with respect, with kindness, that will be key as we move _ kindness, that will be key as we move through this period of lime _ let us speak to our sydney correspondent, hejoins us live. i am sure some people have been waiting with great anticipation for this but i guess it is not going to open a return to normal in 1—step? ida. return to normal in 1-step? no, this is the _ return to normal in 1-step? no, this is the first _ return to normal in 1-step? no, this is the first step, _ return to normal in 1-step? no, this is the first step, if- return to normal in 1—step? iirrl, this is the first step, if you will, ben, to return to normal, one in a roadmap of three major phases and it all has to do with a number of vaccinations all the rates because new south wales has hit 70%, double dose, this is why it is now starting to ease its lockdown. life will
look different though for those who are double vaccinated and the residents of new south wales. for example, cafes and restau ra nts a re wales. for example, cafes and restaurants are open, hairdressers, gyms, also open and children start to go to school from next week. there are rules in place though so inside venues only 20 allowed to gathering, social distancing rules, mask will still apply in the big one of course is that now it is down to business owners to make sure that customers provide proof of vaccination, and they have to be double vaccinated for them to enjoy these loosening and easing of restrictions. with her the premier there, easing of restrictions. with herthe premierthere, dominic perrottet, saying it is going to step forward but it will be challenging. two major things to look out for, one, this bike or increasing the number of covid—19 cases but also the — — the spike, but the application of vaccination rules. right now
you have to show your certificate and talks of vaccination passports but these have not materialised yet but many people who have not been double vaccinated are not happy with this, especially those who have been waiting a long time for the jabs and this will be interesting to see how businesses apply that. but the whole of australia is really looking to new south wales because this is the first part of the country to shift from going from zero covid—19 cases are actually living with a virus, if you will, opening up, risking that increasing the number of cases but also ramping up vaccination numbers. and how is vaccination campaign going? it and how is vaccination campaign oiiin ? ., , and how is vaccination campaign oiiin? , , and how is vaccination campaign oiini? , , ., going? it has picked up quite a bit new south _ going? it has picked up quite a bit new south wales. - going? it has picked up quite a bit new south wales. we - going? it has picked up quite a bit new south wales. we have i bit new south wales. we have passed 90% first inching towards an 80% for the vaccinated population in new south wales and i think once you have it that, there will be a number of easing of restrictions as well, including being able to travel within new south wales itself because
currently, yes, people will be able to travel freely within sydney and surrounding areas but you are still unable to go to the regional areas. so you will see that change and the other big change when you reach 80% and above is the opening of international borders. we have yet to hear about that. i think a lot of the new freedoms and how life will look like from now into the coming months is going to directly have to do with a number of those vaccination rates and as they go vaccination rates and as they 9° up. vaccination rates and as they go up, more freedoms and more back to normal if you will for living with the virus we will see here. living with the virus we will see here-— living with the virus we will see here. ., ,, y., ., ., the man regarded as the father of pakistan's nuclear programme has died at the age of 85. the atomic scientists was held by many pakistanis as a national hero for making his country the first islamic nuclear power in 1998. it was widely condemned
elsewhere. we look back on his life. paying tribute to the scientist today, the prime minister, imran khan described him as a national icon. a state funeral at islam about�*s biggest mosque is being held today. translation: ﬁx, is being held today. translation: �* ., ., ., translation: a great man, loyal to pakistan _ translation: a great man, loyal to pakistan has _ translation: a great man, loyal to pakistan has died _ translation: a great man, loyal to pakistan has died and - translation: a great man, loyal to pakistan has died and the - to pakistan has died and the prime minister instructed that he will be buried with all official respect and honour. in 2004, abdul qadeer khan was placed under house arrest after confessing to sharing nuclear technology with north korea, iran and libya. it was pardoned but also retracted his confession and many suspect other senior pakistani figures must have known about his
alleged activities. the controversy is largely glossed overin controversy is largely glossed over in pakistan. abdul qadeer khan he has always remained a hugely popularfigure. new research suggests the loss of biodiversity risks tipping the world into ecological meltdown. the data suggest the united kingdom is one of the most nature depleted places in the world, ranking in the bottom 10% of all countries. we have been to a nature reserve in the north of the england. just outside the busy city of york is askham bob, created by a retreating glacier 15,000 years ago. it is brimming with biodiversity, but a new report says that the uk is one of the most nature—depleted countries in the world. a new report says thatjust 53% of our biodiversity is left. that is compared with the global average of 75%.
that matters because biodiversity affects the air we breathe, the water we drink and the food we eat. biodiversity is more than something that is beautiful to look at and that we love. it also what provides us with so many of our basic needs. it is the foundation of our society. we have seen recently how disruptive it can be when supply chains break down. nature is at the base of our supply chains. the lack of biodiversity is linked to the industrial revolution. what can we do to protect places like this? last year the secretary of state turned down a plan to build 500 homes need these reserve. this is a special _ homes need these reserve. this is a special place _ homes need these reserve. in 3 is a special place and yet, if
we don't do anything at all, we will lose more species than we already have in a place like this and if we don't get it right, if we allow the wider countryside to become nature rich again, this is what will create more nature and that is true of all nature reserve. tomorrow, a week—long un biodiversity conference will begin virtually, hosted by china. negotiators will thrash out plans for protecting nature over the next ten years. a decade ago, 20 targets were set, but none of them were met. scientists say this is our best chance for a sustainable future. 0livia richwald, bbc news, near york. a team of young female afghan footballers who fled after the taliban took control have been told they can settle in the uk with families. 35 members of the afghan development team, aged 13—19, escape from kabul
to pakistan last month. the british home office says it is finalising visas for the group. sending humans to mars have been a long held dream. while rovers are already glancing at the red planet, a manned mission is believed to be more than a decade away. this is the creator in the desert, a site where a team of six or simulate what it be like to live on mars. they will be conducting a series of experiments in the field, including geology, biology and medicine while engineers will improve autonomous navigation and mapping in a world where gps is not available. the idea is that valuable lessons will be learnt to inform a future crude mission. before we go, a reminder of the top story this hour, a former senior military officer in north korea's intelligence agency has told the bbc not believe kimjong—un will ever give up the country's
military weapons. kim kuk—song achieve the rank of colonel defected in 2014. thank you for watching. see you soon. hello. last week brought us some heavy rain followed by some particularly warm weather. the week ahead, well, things will be much drier, rain mainly confined to the north of scotland, but it will be also cooler. temperatures will actually be around average but there will be incursions of chilly air towards the north and east at times, all running around the eastern edge of an area of high pressure which will dominate through this week. that's what's happening into monday, but we're on the edge of it, so we're going to have a rather chilly start — certainly compared with the morning commutes we saw at the end of last week. much cooler out there — temperatures down into mid—single figures as we start the day. but there'll be a lot of dry weather to begin with for england, wales and northern ireland. a bit of patchy mist and fog with some good sunny spells. the sunshine will be a bit hazy, and that's because we've got a weather front pushing in,
mainly across the north and west of scotland, where the rain will be persistent in the highlands and the western isles. some of that rain willjust extend erratically to parts of southern scotland, maybe the far north—east of england, but most places away from the north will stay dry. still breezy, but not as busy as it has been across northern scotland. lerwick in the colder air at nine degrees. still pleasantly warm with the heavy sunshine further south, 16 or17, a bit above where we should be for this stage in october. as we go into monday night that weather front is still there, bringing rain and drizzle across parts of scotland, also down across some eastern parts of england. but it does mean more cloud around. the temperatures shouldn't drop too much, and there'll be clear skies in the south. some mist and fog initially to start tuesday. we could also see some aurora hopefully on monday night, but cloud amounts will be crucial. that's because we do have that weather front draped in across the eastern edge of a high—pressure system for tuesday. the exact position could change a little bit, but certainly across parts of scotland, maybe into the north and east of england, the chance of some
light rain and drizzle. 0n the eastern edge of it, we'll drag in some colder air. temperatures around ten to 12 degrees for scotland and parts of eastern england, whereas to the west of that weather front 18 degrees possible with some sunshine breaking through the cloud. a bit more sunshine and dry on wednesday. more of a westerly drift, so those eastern areas should warm a little bit once again, back into the mid—teens. only a few showers across the far north and north—west of scotland, but as we going to thursday, heavy rain pushes its way southwards across scotland. that's going to bring some colder conditions into the north as we go through the latter stage of the week and potentially some overnight frost. further south it does get colder, but it stays dry.
hello. this is bbc news. the headlines: he has told the bbc doesn't believe kim jong—un will ever give up the country's nuclear weapons. kim kuk—song defected to song in 2014. police in britain are dropping a review of sexual assault allegations by an american woman, virginia giuffre, against prince andrew. london's metropolitan police they have completed that review and no further action will be taken. the prince has consistently denied all allegations. fully vaccinated residents in australia's most populated state, new south wales, are enjoying new freedoms is lockdown begins to be lifted. people in greater sydney have been on stay—at—home orders for three and a half months, but some social distancing measures on public gatherings remain.