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tv   BBC News  BBC News  October 7, 2021 4:00am-4:31am BST

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however, some critics have raised privacy concerns. this is bbc news, i'm lewis vaughanjones, ourtop this is bbc news, i'm lewis vaughanjones, our top stories: the world health organization approved vaccine against malaria which could save hundreds of thousands of lives across the globe each year. the rts,s vaccine is a game changer and it's arriving at the right time. the battle to avoid a shutdown of the us government remains in a stalemate with no vote imminent to raise the debt ceiling. a high court in london finds that the rule of by secretly hacked the phones of his ex—wife princess haya of jordan. he denies any involvement. the game streaming platform which is had by a data
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leak exposing gamers�* earnings and confidential information. —— the game streaming platform twitch. hello, welcome to the programme and welcome to our viewers on pbs in america and around the globe. millions of children are to be offered vaccinations against one of the world's deadliest diseases, malaria. every year hundreds of thousands of children in africa die of malaria, a disease transmitted by infected mosquitoes. fergus walsh reports. this is a milestone in public health. after decades of research and trials, this one in kenya, at last a vaccine against one of the world's deadliest infections — malaria. the disease is spread by mosquitoes, which are infected with the malaria parasite.
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this triggers fever, and in severe cases, organ failure. the world health organization said the vaccine would now be widely rolled out across africa. this long awaited malaria vaccine is a breakthrough for science, child health and malaria control. using this vaccine in addition to existing tools to prevent malaria could save tens of thousands of young lives each year. malaria is a global threat, but around 95% of deaths are in sub—saharan africa. every year, more than a quarter of a million african children under the age of five die from malaria. that is one child every two minutes. for more than 30 years, the british pharma giant gsk has been working on a vaccine. and since 2019, more than 800,000 children in ghana, kenya and malawi have been immunised. trials have shown that it cuts cases of malaria by a0%, and those of severe
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malaria by 30%. but it requires four doses, and further booster shots may be required as immunity wanes over time. so it's much less effective than other childhood vaccines, but even so, the vaccine, known as rts,s, should have huge impact. the rts,s vaccine is a game changer, and it's arriving at the right time. progress has stalled in recent years and end tools and approaches are urgently needed to get the global effort back on track. more effective malaria vaccines are in the pipeline, including one developed by oxford university. bed nets, insecticides
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and antimalarial treatments will also continue to play a crucial role in tackling this ancient scourge which, despite today's positive news, is farfrom being defeated. fergus walsh, bbc news. doctor sean murphyjoins doctor sean murphy joins me now. this is obviously a wonderful day, a historic moment, but i'm going to start with a slightly negative question, and a kind of mean this in a serious but kind of facetious way, but why has it taken so long? 0h kind of facetious way, but why has it taken so long? oh yeah, thatis has it taken so long? oh yeah, that is great question. people have been researching drugs and even vaccines for malaria for over 100 years, and this is a very collocated organism. it has more than 5000 genes and the vaccine that we are celebrating today attacks one of the targets, just one out of those 5000 proteins, and makes
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a big impact, but to completely protect against this parasite, we are not sure if we need one or more than one target, so that really, the complexity of the parasite drives a lot of that. the other consideration is that even though gsk and other partners have worked on this for decades, investment in malaria has only recently really taken malaria has only recently really ta ken off malaria has only recently really taken off and we are really taken off and we are really glad to see that investment, but for a long time, people who worked on malaria vaccines did so without a lot of funding or support. i see, that's an interesting bit of context, thanks for that. so we've got the science but then the actual difficulties in carrying out the actual clinical trails themselves? for sure. when you carry out field studies of malaria vaccines in areas like sub—saharan africa, you end up enrolling tens of thousands of participants, in
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this case i think almost 15,000 children were in these rts,s studies leading to the announcement today, so that takes a real network of sites and partners throughout the world, and they take an awful lot of time. world, and they take an awful lot of time-— lot of time. we have some secial lot of time. we have some special ways _ lot of time. we have some special ways to _ lot of time. we have some special ways to go - lot of time. we have some special ways to go about . special ways to go about looking at future vaccines, including human challenge trails but really the proof at the end of the day is going to come from these big phase three field studies. find come from these big phase three field studies.— field studies. and 'ust before a let ou field studies. and 'ust before a let you go. _ field studies. and 'ust before a let you go, can _ field studies. and just before a let you go, can we - field studies. and just before a let you go, can we look- field studies. and just before a let you go, can we look to l a let you go, can we look to the future a little bit? because obviously this is a long way from eradicating it, but what are the next steps? i think the major challenge for malaria vaccines will be to deploy this vaccine and see what kind of impact it has once it is out there in the world, but we really need to maintain focus and momentum and funding for the other future vaccines which we hope will show much higher rates of efficacy, and perhaps the network we built to
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deploy rts,s will then in future be used to deploy second—generation and later vaccines which will also be needed. ~ ~ , ., , ., needed. we will keep an eye on how that all _ needed. we will keep an eye on how that all develops, - needed. we will keep an eye on how that all develops, thank - how that all develops, thank you very much for coming on the programme and talking about it. that is doctor sean murphy. in less than two weeks the biggest economy on earth will run out of money unless the us congress votes to raise the debt ceiling stopping it would allow the us treasury to increase its borrowing and keep paying its debts. but the republicans are at loggerheads with the democrats over how much money president biden can pump into his reconstruction plans and the debt ceiling has become caught up in the row. the democrats are stressing the potential for catastrophe. the us has never defaulted before, so its not likely to happen again but it's getting very close to that deadline, and america now is such a politically polarised place as you can imagine,
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you have the republicans and democrats at loggerheads even more than they ever were before. the democratic party can't push the debt ceiling on their own. in the senate it's 50—50, they need 60 votes. tthe republican party has for weeks been refusing to move anywhere on this but today mitch mcconnell, the senate minority leader, did indicate that the republican senators were willing to suspend the debt ceiling to a fixed dollar amount which would cover spending until december. so that is what they are offering, we do not know for sure yet if the democratic party will take up that offer, they are probably likely to, but all that means is that it just kicks it down the road and the democratic party will find itself in the same nightmare i guess in december. let's get some of the day's other news. survivors of the terrorist attack on the decline concert hall in france have
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been testifying as part of the historic trail for the 2015 paris attacks that killed 130 people. witnesses recalled feigning death as the three gunmen fired at the crowd. responsibility for the killings was claimed by islamic state. france's ambassador to australia will return to his post nearly three weeks after he was recalled when canberra pulled out of a contract to buy french submarines. that deal was part of a new military and intelligence alliance between the us, australia and the uk. france also withdrew its ambassador to washington although they have already returned. anticorruption prosecutors in australia have placed chancellor sebastian kurz under investigation for alleged bribery. nine other people are also under investigation. it is suggested that the enquiry relates to claims the austrian people's party tried to bribe media outlets to publish favourable
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opinion polls. a spokesperson for mr kurtz says it is the victim of a politically motivated campaign. in the theatre's nobel prize for chemistry has been awarded to two scientists for inventing a way to build molecules that are mirror images of each other. it could help us store energy more efficiently in batteries or slow down the progress of diseases. the high court in london has ruled that the leader of dubai authorised the hacking of his former wife's phone as well as her lawyers' phones as part of a sustained campaign of intimidation and threats during a custody battle over their children. a judge ruled that sheikh mohammed al—maktoum gave his express or implied authority for the phone of his sixth wife princess haya to be accessed.
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together no longer. dubai's ruler, sheikh mohammed al maktoum, and his ex—wife, jordan's princess haya, now fighting a custody battle in the high court. it's been revealed today that sheikh mohammed ordered illegal phone hacking during a crucial phase of the hearings. princess haya's phone was hacked. so were those of her personal assistant, hersecurity and legal team, and even that of baroness shackleton, her barrister and a member of the house of lords. princess haya, in white, fled dubai two years ago after learning of her husband's abduction and mistreatment of two of his daughters. she applied for court orders to prevent her children from being returned to dubai. the judgment, published here today, revealed the extraordinary lengths that one middle eastern ruler and a close ally of britain has gone to to exercise total control over the women in his family. the measures have been described as an abuse of power and a serial
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breach of criminal law here in britain. the court heard how agents of the dubai ruler used intrusive spyware called pegasus, sold by israel's nso group to the united arab emirates, to infect the mobile phones of the sheikh�*s opposing legal team. what's remarkable about this case is that it shows starkly that autocrats will take this technology, which is allegedly for fighting crime and terror, and use it to do exactly what you'd expect. they target people who they find to be problematic and, of course, it's not a surprise that, yet again, a partner is targeted with this kind of spyware. sheikh mohammed has now issued the following statement. "i have always denied the allegations made against me", he said, "and i continue to do so. "these matters concern supposed operations of state security. "as a head of government involved in private family proceedings, "it was not appropriate for me," he said, "to provide evidence "on such sensitive matters, either personally or via my advisers in a foreign court."
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sheikh mohammed's global reputation will have taken a hit from these allegations. a billionaire racehorse owner, he remains a giant figure in the equestrian world. but, with the court having found that uk law has been broken here, this case poses extremely awkward questions about one of britain's closest friends in the middle east. frank gardner, bbc news. stay with us on bbc news, still to come: president for the day. how one young woman in finland took on the role as part of a global push to empower girls. this was a celebration by people who were relishing their freedom. they believe everything's going to be different from now on. they think their country will be respected in the world once more, as it used to be before slobodan milosevic took power. the dalai lama, the exiled spiritual leader of tibet,
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has won this year's nobel peace prize. as the parade was reaching its climax, two grenades exploded and a group of soldiersjumped from a military truck taking part in the parade and ran towards the president, firing from kalashnikov automatic rifles. after 437 years, the skeletal ribs of henry viii's _ tragic warship emerged. but even as divers worked - to buoy her up, the mary rose went through another. heart—stopping drama. i want to be the people's governor. i want to represent everybody. i believe in the people of california. this is bbc world news. the headlines: the world health organization approves a vaccine against malaria which could save the lives of hundreds
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of thousands of people across the globe each year. and the battle to avoid the shutdown of the us government remains at a stalemate, this with no vote imminent to raise the debt ceiling. denmark 20 years in the united states launched astros on al-qaeda and the taliban in afghanistan in response to the 9/11 attacks. it was the beginning of the us nato campaign. military families who lost loved ones, for them it has a sombre moment. a soldier from britain was killed in helmand province. 0ur reporter has met with his parents to talk about their thoughts on the takeover. that other place that took their son will always be with them. they were watching when them. they were watching when the end came. gunfire.
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in panic stricken humiliating defeat. , ., , , in panic stricken humiliating defeat. , . , , ., defeat. the shambles that happened _ defeat. the shambles that happened at _ defeat. the shambles that happened at the _ defeat. the shambles that happened at the end - defeat. the shambles that happened at the end is - happened at the end is incredible, i don't know how western powers whether our joint pedigree and history, and military might, could actually let that happen. all those poor people who were hoping — all those poor people who were hoping to get out, to get to the west_ hoping to get out, to get to the west somewhere, just snatched away at the last minute _ snatched away at the last minute and, yes, just terribly sad, _ minute and, yes, just terribly sad, terribly sad. conrad was there oldest child. at the age of 22, he was the 353rd british soldier to be killed in afghanistan. what would have conrad thought of this, do you think? he would have been quite angry at the situation but i think quite a view of the other soldiers from the time, they are sort of contemplating what they actually achieved opposed to what they didn't achieve.
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they achieved 20 years of hopeful people out there. it's for others who have a sort of destroyed that at the end. seven years ago, we went with tony lewis to afghanistan stop for ——to afghanistan. for him, jenny in search of meaning, and loss. i didn't know it was here. but he 20 visited a school. back then, girls of all ages could attend. there were 4000 here, many with big ambitions. i want to be a really good doctor in the future. how brilliant is she? has english. _ how brilliant is she? has english, herambitions, she english, her ambitions, she could — english, her ambitions, she could just english, herambitions, she could just become a doctor.
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back— could just become a doctor. back in_ could just become a doctor. back in warwickshire we had news of the school for them. when a bbc reporter visited this week, he found only girls up this week, he found only girls up to the age of 12 are allowed to attend. the numbers going to school they have halved. it is a ludicrous state of affairs. 0nly taking people up to a certain age and then snatching that opportunity away from them. how will they rebuild the country when no girls are educated? that word, afghanistan, what comes to mind? waste, waste of lives, waste of money, — waste, waste of lives, waste of money, waste of time, but you 'ust money, waste of time, but you just have — money, waste of time, but you just have to hope that somewhere in all that is the afghan— somewhere in all that is the afghan people strong enough to -et afghan people strong enough to get over— afghan people strong enough to get over it, somehow. i don't know— get over it, somehow. i don't know how— get over it, somehow. i don't know how much longer that will take, _ know how much longer that will take, who — know how much longer that will take, who knows? they _ take, who knows? they say conrad died fighting for what he believed in but
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they also know now what it is to raise a child, to see them through thejoy and to raise a child, to see them through the joy and challenge of life, and then to see them changed by war, lost to war. american online platform twitch, which allows gamers to live stream themselves playing computer games, has confirmed its been hacked. a trove of information was posted on line by an anonymous hacker who said they wanted to foster more disruption and competition in the on line video streaming space. well, the company is urging its users to change their passwords but does not believe they were compromised. so what was revealed? pay records revealing the multimillion dollar earnings of some of its top streamers, some of the source code that runs the platform's up some games, and that alone has led the bbc�*s cyber reported to say this could be the biggest ever data hack but there are fears there is more to come after it was labelled as part one. well, the company, owned by amazon,
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has released a statement, saying: well, ash parrish is videogame reporter for the village, one of the first outlets to report on the hack. it's pretty serious. it's usually never a good idea when a website's source code is leaked, particularly in twitch's case, twitch is already having issues with its security, with people taking advantage and causing harassment and abuse on the platform, what we call hate rage, where they are targeting minority streamers and spamming them with hateful messages and malicious hacks of data from the source code leaked to potentially get around whatever safety features twitches put in place
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to combat this. so it's pretty bad. we haven't seen the extent yet, but in the coming days, we might. and what have twitch users you've been reaching out to been telling you? right now, most people are concerned with safety. they are changing their passwords, enabling 2—factor authentication to make sure they can remain in control of their account. beyond that, people are expressing surprise about how much the top streamers are earning. they are re—evaluating their relationship with these streamers to see if they want to continue to donate when they make so much money already. some streamers are saying the information is nobody�*s business and it's not a particularly good idea to have that information out. that is mostly what the conversations have been so far. and i know it's very early, but what do we know if anything about who could have done this, how they could have done this and why? so initial thoughts about who was behind this is that it was an internal person at twitch because of the level of access
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to the data they've had, or a former employee who had that access. as we investigate this more, we are starting to find it may not have been someone at twitch or formerly of twitch and somebody using a tool or software that could exploit like a heretofore unknown vulnerability in twitch's security system. and what do we make of the idea that it was labelled as part one? could there be more to come? absolutely. we don't know yet when that is coming or even if this could be a bluff. honestly at this point, because this is so huge and so unprecedented, it is a wait and see what happens. we're still trying to make sense of the data we already have and put names to numbers and codes and all that but it's only a matter of time if we find out there is more to from this. we will wait and see. thank you for coming on and talking us through it.
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an earthquake in south uzbekistan has killed at least 20 injured 200 others. it struck in the early hours of thursday. a number of homes collapsed. in south pakistan. plans have been announced for president biden and president xijinping to meet via video link before the end of the year. senior us and chinese officials met for six hours. relationships between the countries have been acrimonious since biden took office amid tensions in a number of issues, including an increase of pressure on taiwan. the defence minister of taiwan says the tensions with china are at their worst in 40 years. now, a teenager in finland has spent the day as president as part of a global push to empower girls. every year, hundreds of girls from around the world step into leadership roles in media, business and politics to demand better representation.
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courtney bembridge reports. in the classroom one day, presidential palace the next. 16—year—old nella salminen got into step in the shoes of the finnish president for the day as part of a global intitiative to mark the international day of the girl. this whole day is like the best day i've experienced in a long time but i really feel like i was listened and had a voice and the things i talked about, they actually listened to me. hello, my name is erika jensen. i am the norwegian ambassador for the day. it's happening all around the world. from ghana to switzerland, indonesia to the us, girls have become temporary ambassadors, high commissioners, ministers and more. 13—year—old mayamkika chitata took delight in swapping roles with the british high commissioner to malawi. in reality, women remain severely underrepresented in government, and nella salminen says that
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has to change. i love politics, and my dream is to make a change in the world, and be a diplomatic or maybe even a president someday, who knows? in a country like finland, that wouldn't be out the ordinary. it's had fourfemale prime ministers and is currently led by a coalition of parties, all with female leaders. courtney bembridge, bbc news. right, that's it from me for this hour. do have a look at the website, and if you are online, you can get in touch on a social media about the stories we have covered. i am on twitter. i am lewis vaughanjones and this is bbc news, bye—bye.
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hello there. tuesday's wind and rain was a distant memory by wednesday. in fact, some areas where we'd seen the heavy, persistent rain across north east england had a beautiful day, with some sunny spells, a dry story and feeling pleasantly warm. now, it's going to get warmer still over the next couple of days. average temperatures at this time of year around the mid—teens. by friday, we're likely to see temperatures peaking at around 21 celsius, 70 fahrenheit, so at least a good five degrees above where they should be for the time of year. and one of the reasons is because of this weather front that, yes, is going to bring some cloud and rain into the north and west, but it's driving in warm air with a south—westerly feed of wind direction. and you really will notice the difference when you step outside first thing in the morning. may well be a cloudy start to thursday with a little bit of drizzle around, and, yes, that persistent rain
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from that weather front affecting parts of southern and western scotland, along with northern ireland as well. but elsewhere the cloud should break up, we should see some glimpses of sunshine and a pleasant afternoon for many, particularly in comparison to the weather earlier on in the week, with temperatures peaking at 20 degrees. that's 68 fahrenheit. now, fog could be an issue first thing on friday morning across central and southern areas. that will slowly lift into low cloud, and hopefully that cloud should again start to break up for some sunshine to come through on friday. 0ur weather front not moving very far very fast, still producing some relentless rain across northern ireland and western scotland, but still a relatively warm feel. the east of scotland, 19—20 degrees. we're likely to see 21 somewhere. that's 70 fahrenheit. as we move into the weekend, though, that weather front gradually meanders its way steadily south and east, so it will start to bring a change, but it's a slow process. ahead of it, again dry, settled with some sunshine and once again some warmth. behind it, starting to show the first signs of a change.
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a slightly fresher feel, mid—teens maybe in the far north—west of scotland. but we could still see those temperatures, 19—20 degrees not out of the question. the weather front will take its time to clear away. once it does so, it's then going to allow for a cooler air source as the winds swing round to more of a north—westerly, and so you really will notice the difference with the feel of the weather as we go through the week ahead. starting off quite promising, but getting noticeably cooler, but still fairly dry.
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this is bbc news. the headlines: the world's first malaria vaccine produced by pharmaceutical company gsk is to be used to help children in africa. it follows to pilots in three countries. the world health organization has endorsed its wide use. ajudgement from the a judgement from the high ajudgement from the high court in london in shows that the ruler of dubai sheikh mohammed al—maktoum secretly hacked the phones of his ex—wife princess haya ofjordan. he denies any involvement. the battle to avoid a shutdown of the us government remains in a stalemate with no vote imminent in the us congress to raise the debt ceiling and keep the money flowing. republicans and democrats disagree over how much president biden can spend on his reconstruction plan and the debt ceiling vote has been caught up in that row. this is bbc news.
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