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tv   BBC News  BBC News  October 7, 2021 3:00am-3:31am BST

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welcome to bbc news, i'm lewis vaughanjones. ourtop welcome to bbc news, i'm lewis vaughanjones. our top stories: the world health organization approved vaccine against malaria which could save hundreds of thousands of lives across the globe each year. the rts,s vaccine is a game changer and it's arriving at the right time. the battle to avoid a shutdown of the us government remains in a stalemate with no vote imminent to raise the debt ceiling. homes destroyed and thousands forced out. the bbc has found evidence of the taliban
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systematically evict hazara people in afghanistan. and the game streaming platform twitch is headed by a data leak exposing gamers�* earnings and confidential information. hello, welcome to the programme. ourtop hello, welcome to the programme. our top story this hour: the world health organization approves a vaccine against malaria which could save hundreds of thousands of lives across the globe each year. fergus walsh reports. this is a milestone in public health. after decades of research and trials, this one in kenya, at last a vaccine against one
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of the world's deadliest infections — malaria. the disease is spread by mosquitoes, which are infected with the malaria parasite. this triggers fever, and in severe cases, organ failure. the world health organization said the vaccine would now be widely rolled out across africa. this long awaited malaria vaccine is a breakthrough for science, child health and malaria control. using this vaccine in addition to existing tools to prevent malaria could save tens of thousands of young lives each year. malaria is a global threat, but around 95% of deaths are in sub—saharan africa. every year, more than a quarter of a million african children under the age of five die from malaria. that is one child every two minutes. for more than 30 years, the british pharma giant gsk has been working on a vaccine.
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and since 2019, more than 800,000 children in ghana, kenya and malawi have been immunised. trials have shown that it cuts cases of malaria by a0%, and those of severe malaria by 30%. but it requires four doses, and further booster shots may be required as immunity wanes over time. so it's much less effective than other childhood vaccines, but even so, the vaccine should have huge impact. the rts,s vaccine is arriving at the right time. progress has stalled in recent years and end tools and approaches are urgently needed to get the global effort back on track.
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more effective malaria vaccines are in the pipeline, including one developed by oxford university. bed nets, insecticides and antimalarial treatments will also continue to play a crucial role in tackling this ancient scourge which, despite today's positive news, is farfrom being defeated. fergus walsh, bbc news. earlier i spoke to the chief of you's malaria initiative. this is the first _ you's malaria initiative. this is the first vaccine _ you's malaria initiative. this is the first vaccine to - you's malaria initiative. ti 3 is the first vaccine to help reduce the risk of deadly severe malaria by 30% in young children in sub—saharan africa where malaria remains a leading killer. i was born in liberia and i have area several times as a child stopping my mother would have been relieved if this additional way of protection had been around back then you are right, this is not a silver bullet. the vaccine has been shown to make the
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greatest difference when it is period with other proven interventions like mosquito nets to prevent biting and preventative medicines for children during the rainy seasons so what we need to remember is that while this is an exciting new tool, it is one tool in the vast toolkit we have and we should be trying to scale up other tools as well alongside the vaccine.- scale up other tools as well alongside the vaccine. give us an example — alongside the vaccine. give us an example of _ alongside the vaccine. give us an example of that? - alongside the vaccine. give us | an example of that? presuming now we need that financial support, infrastructure to not only do the rollout itself but support those other measures. that's right. one of the key things we have to do is to pair the vaccine with other great medical breakthroughs like medicines and test, so when we have a new strategy we launched today and we aim to save 4 million more lives over the next five years but one of the things we have to do is remember medical breakthroughs are not enough, so we are
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investing in community health workers to bring those tests, medicines, nets and even new tools like the vaccine to the millions of children and families affected by malaria in rural and poor communities who have really been out of reach of these life—saving breakthroughs. of these life-saving breakthroughs.- of these life-saving breakthrou . hs. ., breakthroughs. the timing of this, obviously _ breakthroughs. the timing of this, obviously given - breakthroughs. the timing of this, obviously given all - breakthroughs. the timing of this, obviously given all of i this, obviously given all of the covid-i9 this, obviously given all of the covid—i9 vaccines means inevitably there will be comparisons between the two and comparisons between the two and comparisons about the length of time this has taken, given how quickly the covid—i9 vaccines were developed and rolled out. this is the world's first vaccine approved to fight a parasite as opposed to a virus stopping the malaria parasite is a bit of an evil genius. it is a bit of an evil genius. it is much more complex than sars?cov?2, the virus that causes covid—i9. the malaria parasite has 5300 genes. that as well as its complex life—cycle moving from mosquitoes to humans makes it really challenging to train the
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immune system and create a that can respond. that's what makes today's announcement even more remarkable. it is a feat of science and all of us are grateful to the scientific community especially local and global researchers who have made this possible. fiur made this possible. our insights _ made this possible. our insights there _ made this possible. our insights there for - made this possible. our insights there for his . made this possible. our insights there for his insights into a ——al thanks therefore his insights to into a remarkable scientific breakthrough. in less than two weeks the biggest economy on earth will run out of money unless the us congress votes to raise the debt ceiling stopping it would allow the us treasury to increase its borrowing and keep paying its debts. but the republicans are at loggerheads with the democrats over how much money president biden can pump into his reconstruction plans and the debt ceiling has become caught up in the row. the democrats are stressing the potential for catastrophe. out north america correspondent has the latest.
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the us has never defaulted before, and america now is such a politically polarised place as you can imagine, you have the republicans and democrats at loggerheads even more than were before. the democratic party can't push the debt ceiling on their own. in the senate it's 50—50, they need 60 votes stopping the republican party has for weeks been refusing to move anywhere on this but today mitch mcconnell the senate minority leader did indicate that the republican senators were willing to suspend the debt ceiling to a fixed dollar amount which would cover spending until december. so that is what they are offering, we do not know for sure yet if the democratic party will take up that offer, they are probably likely to put all that means is that itjust kicks it down the road and the democratic party will find itself in the same nightmare i guess in december.
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the white house has announced plans for president biden and xijinping to meet by video link before the end of the year stopping the agreements were reached after talks which lasted six hours. relationships between washington and beijing have been acrimonious, biden took office amid pressures. taiwan's defence and is to say tensions with china are at the worst in a0 years. it tensions with china are at the worst in 40 years.— tensions with china are at the worst in 40 years. if they want to attack taiwan, _ worst in 40 years. if they want to attack taiwan, they - to attack taiwan, they currently have the ability. but we have to see how it will be resolved. we are not committing any provocations but if we make them mad, just like us, we will also show you what capabilities we have got. so after 2025, thatis we have got. so after 2025, that is our assessment. china will be fully prepared. this hasn't come out of the blue. since friday a record
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number of chinese warplanes have entered essbase around the taiwan's defence zone stoppages to be clear this is not the same as taiwan's territorial essbase which china hasn't entered. over 150 chinese warplanes have entered the area including jet and clear capable bombers. this was monday when 56 were seen. let's bring in drew thompson, a former pentagon official responsible for china and taiwan, he is now a visiting senior research fellow at the school of public policy in singapore. thank you for coming on the programme. thank you for having me. we will aet thank you for having me. we will get onto _ thank you for having me. we will get onto the specifics with taiwan in just a second festival on the announcement of this meeting via video link between the two leaders, what do you read into that? i between the two leaders, what do you read into that?- do you read into that? i think it is clear _ do you read into that? i think it is clear that _ do you read into that? i think it is clear that what _ it is clear that what transpired in switzerland was a
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very construct of, well struck should dialogue that lasted over six hours, and they each had the chance to present their respective positions, and to me, what was important and good to see was that the two readouts were very closely aligned from both sides and this appears to be a far more construct than very different meeting than the one that took place in alaska in march, so this is very positive. one thing that was also worth noting in the chinese readout was that they affirmed that jake sullivan noted that the us one china policy is unchanged and it still helped walk back some of the potential misperception from president biden. so this was very positive and it also affirms that when the two sides can sit down together with a closed door, they can be professional,
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they can manage the relationship and i think you will hear more and more the white house statement that their goal for the relationship is to have responsible competition, that is their buzzword. competition, that is their buzzword-— buzzword. responsible competition, _ buzzword. responsible competition, good, - buzzword. responsible i competition, good, right, buzzword. responsible - competition, good, right, got it. iwill competition, good, right, got it. i will remember that and there will be so much for them to speak about as you mentioned, trade and cyber issues as well. but let's focus on taiwan pacifically. we heard their relations at their lowest for a0 years, how worrying do you think this is? i for 40 years, how worrying do you think this is?— you think this is? i think the taiwan minister— you think this is? i think the taiwan minister of _ you think this is? i think the taiwan minister of defence i you think this is? i think the i taiwan minister of defence was speaking to his legislators and he was stumping for increases in defence spending from taiwan, so i think you have to see it in that context as well, trying to instill a sense of urgency and the necessity and important, so he may be correct in his assessment that this is
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the worst that he has seen it in a0 years, but i think there is some issues that we can also consider that, as you pointed out, they haven't been entering taiwan's essbase, the air force fighter pilots and bomber pilots have been at relatively professionally. we don't hear any reports of the taiwan side or the chinese side coming into contact, so the risk of an incident or an accident creating an escalatory cycle i think is still very manageable so that is the good thing. but this is clearly part of a political warfare campaign on the part of china to pressure on the people of taiwan and its leadership, and that also needs to be seen as part of a very comprehensive that includes diplomatic and economic as well. , ., ., diplomatic and economic as well. . ., . diplomatic and economic as well. ., ., ., well. great to have your expertise. _ well. great to have your expertise, thank - well. great to have your expertise, thank you i well. great to have your expertise, thank you so | well. great to have your i
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expertise, thank you so much for coming on. mt; expertise, thank you so much for coming on.— to stay with us here on bbc news, still to come. what's money got to do with it? tina turner sells her entire back catalogue in a multi—million dollar deal. this was a celebration by people who were relishing their freedom. they believe everything's going to be different from now on. they think their country will be respected in the world once more, as it used to be before slobodan milosevic took power. the dalai lama, the exiled spiritual leader of tibet, has won this year's nobel peace prize. as the parade was reaching its climax, two grenades exploded and a group of soldiersjumped from a military truck taking part in the parade and ran towards the president, firing from kalashnikov automatic rifles. after a37 years, the skeletal ribs of henry viii's _ tragic warship emerged. but even as divers worked i to buoy her up, the mary rose went through another. heart—stopping drama.
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i want to be the people's governor. i want to represent everybody. i believe in the people of california. welcome back. this is bbc world news. the headlines: the world health organization approves a vaccine against malaria which could save the lives of hundreds of thousands of people across the globe each year. and the battle to avoid the shutdown of the us government remains at a stalemate, this with no vote imminent to raise the debt ceiling. now, the bbc has obtained evidence that in central afghanistan, the taliban are driving hundreds of families from the hazara minority community from their villages.
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in the taliban were lost in power 20 years ago, —— last in power. they persecuted ethnic and religious minorities, especially the hazara. amnesty international says 13 members of the hazara community were killed by the taliban in the past month. the bbc�*s yalda hakim reports. daykundi, south of kabul, home to the hazaras, from the minority shia muslim community. this is home of mohammed, a farmer who says this house has been in his family for generations. now he's been told by his new taliban rulers that he and his family of eight must leave. mohammed refused, so they began to destroy his home. explosion. translation: they didn't give us any reason. - they said, "these lands are ours and you should leave." that was our family home. this was an empty land when my grandfather built our home
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in it more than half a century ago. i was born here. more than a,000 people from daykundi are now displaced. translation: this is the only thing i took from our home, i a piece of cloth. i am here with my children and grandchildren. since the taliban takeover of afghanistan, hazaras have been living in fear. when the taliban were last in power in the 1990s, they had a history of persecuting ethnic and religious minorities, especially the hazaras. since the beginning of september, taliban fighters have claimed ownership of about 20 hazara villages, claiming the families have lived here illegally. these villagers say they've got all the right documentation. translation: the taliban gave us nine days to evacuate - and leave our houses. they said, "if you don't move out, we will punish you and you cannot complain." we want our rights, this is our home. according to local
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community leaders, thousands of people are now homeless. they're living in valleys, riversides and caves. they've lost notjust their homes but farmers, animals and their annual product. when a community leader asked a taliban official where he should seek shelter during the coming winter season, he responded, "hell." the taliban deny they are targeting this community. they've also rejected amnesty international�*s recent investigation. they sent us this video response. translation: this report is one-sided, and we calll to all international organisations to come and conduct a proper investigation in the field. this is not an acceptable conclusion. the investigation was not transparent. the hazaras of daykundi have had little choice but to flee, taking whatever little possession they could carry. what they can't escape now is the harsh winter and humanitarian crisis that is unfolding. yalda hakim, bbc news.
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francis says its ambassador to australia will return to his post in three weeks after he left when canberra pulled out of a contract in rented submarines. it was part of a new intelligence alliance between the us, australia and the uk. france also withdrew its ambassador to washington, although they have already returned. anticorruption prosecutors returned. anticorru ption prosecutors and austria anticorruption prosecutors and austria have put sebastian coates under investigation for alleged bribery. nine other people are under investigation as well. reports and austria suggest the enquiry relates to his austrian people's party trying to bribe media outlets to publish favourable opinion polls. a spokesperson for his party says it is the victim of a politically motivated
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campaign. american online platform twitch, which allows gamers to live stream themselves playing computer games, has confirmed its been hacked. a trove of information was posted on line by an anonymous hacker who said they wanted to foster more disruption and competition in the on line video streaming space. well, the company is urging its users to change their passwords but does not believe they were compromised. so what was revealed? pay records revealing the multimillion dollar earnings of some of its top streamers, some of the source code that runs the platform's up some games, and that alone has led the bbc�*s cyber reported to say this could be the biggest ever data hack but there are fears there is more to come after it was labelled as part one. well, the company, owned by amazon, has released a statement, saying:
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well, ash parrish is videogame reporter for the village, one of the first outlets to report on the hack. it's pretty serious, twitch is already having issues with security, people taking advantage and causing harassment and abuse, we have seen people targeting minority streamers and spamming them with hateful messages, and this can be used through linked sources to get around a safety features put in place by twitch to combat this. it is pretty bad. we haven't seen extended but we may in coming days. what have users of twitch been telling you? right now, people are concerned
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with safety. they are changing the passwords, enabling two factor authentication to ensure they can maintain control of their account. they can maintain control of theiraccount. beyond they can maintain control of their account. beyond that, people are expressing surprise about how much the top streamers are earning. they are re—evaluating their relationship read these streamers to see if they want to continue to donate when they are making so much already. some streamers say it is nobodies business and it isn't a good idea to have that information out. that is most of the conversation so far. i know it is very early but what do we know, if anything, but who could have done this, how and initial thoughts about who was behind this is that it was an internal person at twitch because of the level of access to the data that they had, or a former employee who also had access. as we investigate this
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more, we are starting to find it may not have been somebody at twitch or formally at twitch, and itjust somebody using a tool or software that can exploit a vulnerability in the system. what we make of this idea that it was labelled as part one, could there be more to come? absolutely, we don't know yet when that is coming or even if. it could be a bluff. it is honestly, at this point because it is so huge and unprecedented, wait and see what happens. we're still trying to make sense of the data we have and put names to numbers two codes, all of that, but is only a matter of time of when we will find out if there's to come. tina turner has sold the rights to her entire musical catalogue to her entire musical catalogue to a publishing company. the dealers thought to be more than $50 million worth. it will see
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bmg acquire the rights to her name and image for future sponsorship deals. tina turner isn't just tina turner isn'tjust a singer, she is an icon. a career spanning more than 60 years, the epitome of energy, dynamism and charisma. at the age of 81 she has decided to cash in on her back catalogue. in a statement she said. in response, the chief executive of bmg said this.
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# call my name, it ain't nothin'. but she is in the first, other people have sold their back catalogue spoke usually lucrative deals. bob dylan has been paid somewhere in the range of $a00 million for the rights to his entire song book. earlier this year, neil young received around $150 million for a 50% share of his music. # simply the best. bmg says they want to introduce tina turner to more platforms, and the plan as she will be simply the best for generations to come. # you're the best! right, that's it from me for this hour.
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do get in touch with me anytime on social media — i am lewis vaughan jones and this is bbc news, bye—bye. hello there. tuesday's wind and rain was a distant memory by wednesday. in fact, some areas where we'd seen the heavy, persistent rain across north east england had a beautiful day, with some sunny spells, a dry story and feeling pleasantly warm. now, it's going to get warmer still over the next couple of days. average temperatures at this time of year around the mid—teens. by friday, we're likely to see temperatures peaking at around 21 celsius, 70 fahrenheit, so at least a good five degrees above where they should be for the time of year. and one of the reasons is because of this weather front that, yes, is going to bring some cloud and rain into the north and west, but it's driving in warm air with a south—westerly feed of wind direction. and you really will notice the difference when you step outside first thing in the morning. may well be a cloudy start to thursday with a little
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bit of drizzle around, and, yes, that persistent rain from that weather front affecting parts of southern and western scotland, along with northern ireland as well. but elsewhere the cloud should break up, we should see some glimpses of sunshine and a pleasant afternoon for many, particularly in comparison to the weather earlier on in the week, with temperatures peaking at 20 degrees. that's 68 fahrenheit. now, fog could be an issue first thing on friday morning across central and southern areas. that will slowly lift into low cloud, and hopefully that cloud should again start to break up for some sunshine to come through on friday. our weather front not moving very far very fast, still producing some relentless rain across northern ireland and western scotland, but still a relatively warm feel. the east of scotland, 19—20 degrees. we're likely to see 21 somewhere. that's 70 fahrenheit. as we move into the weekend, though, that weather front gradually meanders its way steadily south and east, so it will start to bring a change, but it's a slow process. ahead of it, again dry, settled with some sunshine and once again some warmth.
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behind it, starting to show the first signs of a change. a slightly fresher feel, mid—teens maybe in the far north—west of scotland. but we could still see those temperatures, 19—20 degrees not out of the question. the weather front will take its time to clear away. once it does so, it's then going to allow for a cooler air source as the winds swing round to more of a north—westerly, and so you really will notice the difference with the feel of the weather as we go through the week ahead. starting off quite promising, but getting noticeably cooler, but still fairly dry.
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this is bbc news. the world's first malaria vaccine produced by pharmaceutical company gsk is to be used to help children in africa. it follows to pilots in three countries. the world health organization has endorsed its wide use. the battle to avoid a shutdown of the us government remains in a stalemate with no vote imminent in the us congress to raise the debt ceiling and keep the money flowing. republicans and democrats disagree over how much president biden can spend on his reconstruction plan and the debt ceiling vote has been caught up in that row. and a judgement from the high court in london has found that the ruler of dubai sheikh mohammed al—maktoum secretly hacked the phones of his ex—wife princess haya of jordan. he denies any involvement.

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