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tv   BBC News  BBC News  October 6, 2021 2:00am-2:31am BST

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welcome to bbc news. i'm lewis vaughanjones. ourtop welcome to bbc news. i'm lewis vaughanjones. our top stories: vaughan jones. our top stories: a vaughanjones. our top stories: a former facebook employee tells the us congress to social media giant is harming children, stroking division, and weakening democracy. i children, stroking division, and weakening democracy. i saw facebook repeatedly _ and weakening democracy. i saw facebook repeatedly encounter conflicts between its own profits and our safety. facebook consistently resolve these conflict in favour of its own profits. victims demand action after a shocking enquiry finds at least 200,000 children in france were assaulted by priests and monks in the catholic church over the past 70 years. and ecological disaster in southern california after a pipeline bursts, spilling thousands of barrels of oil
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into the ocean. and her producer director clem shipping to. find and her producer director clem shipping ta— and her producer director clem shipping tn— shipping to. and to boldly go where no _ shipping to. and to boldly go where no film _ shipping to. and to boldly go where no film crew _ shipping to. and to boldly go where no film crew has - shipping to. and to boldly go where no film crew has gone | where no film crew has gone before, a russian team arrives at the international space station to shoot the first movie in orbit. hello and welcome to our view on pbs in and around the globe. we are going to start in the us. facebook has misled the public to the extent to which its products harm children and stoke division. that was the accusation from a former worker turned whistleblower, frances haugen, who leads internal company research to the wall streetjournal, says facebook street journal, says facebook chose streetjournal, says facebook chose profit over the safety of users and should face
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regulation. the social media giant says it has spent millions on improving safety. bbcjames caton reports. it's ringing. eleanor and freya are both ia and, like many teenagers, they're both on instagram. as a teenager, you're looking at these people, all these models, and, you know, influencers, they all are very skinny and they have, like, a perfect body. and when you're looking at that and then kind of comparing yourself to it, it's very...i think it could be really damaging. when you're feeling at your worst and then you go on instagram and you see things that are, like, targeted at you because you have looked at these kinds of things before, you see them, like, models, influencers, celebrities, things like that, and you are just like, "oh, i will never be like that." eleanor and freya's concerns
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are in fact shared by one rather important company — facebook, which owns instagram. in fact, leaked internal research found that teens who struggle with mental health say that instagram makes it worse. the woman who leaked that report is called frances haugen, and she gave evidence in washington. the documents that i have provided to congress prove that facebook has repeatedly misled the public about what its own research reveals about the safety of children. she also said that facebook�*s motives were driven by money, rather than the mental health of its users. i saw facebook repeatedly encounter conflicts between its own profits and our safety. facebook consistently resolved these conflicts in favour of its own profits. here in silicon valley, facebook has pushed back, saying that some of the research presented is misleading, and despite the fact that instagram concluded that it could be damaging for children's mental health, it also says that it can have a positive impact. facebook has said it's postponed a controversial project to create instagram for kids. but we now know that two very important politicians in washington believe the company has put profit over the mental health
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of teenage girls. james clayton, bbc news, san francisco. while, my colleague chris and fraser spoke to facebook�*s vice president of content policy, monika bickert, and asked her about the allegation that facebook is more about profit than the well—being of children. than the well-being of children.— than the well-being of children. ~ ., ., ., children. we are not and we have not — children. we are not and we have not and _ children. we are not and we have not and i _ children. we are not and we have not and i want - children. we are not and we have not and i want to - children. we are not and we have not and i want to clear| children. we are not and we i have not and i want to clear up some of the mischaracterisations that we have seen today and also be clear that this was an employee who did not work on these issues and has mischaracterised a lot of these stolen documents. why do work on these issues. i've been with the company for nine years. my background is in child safety and is a criminal prosecutor. and the amount of thought and resources that this company has put into safety, including doing research to understand these issues, just underscores how much we do care about getting these very difficult issues right. 50
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getting these very difficult issues right.— issues right. so if your business _ issues right. so if your business is _ issues right. so if your business is child - issues right. so if your. business is child safety, issues right. so if your - business is child safety, you will be concerned by your own research, your own research that she has leaked that shows 32% of teenage girls surveyed said that when they felt bad about their bodies and they looked at photos of other people on instagram it made them feel worse. i’m people on instagram it made them feel worse. i'm concerned when any _ them feel worse. i'm concerned when any teen _ them feel worse. i'm concerned when any teen has _ them feel worse. i'm concerned when any teen has a _ them feel worse. i'm concerned when any teen has a bad - when any teen has a bad experience on instagram. and they know that icepick for the hundreds of people who work on child safety policies and enforcement in our company, but want to be clear that that is not what these stolen documents as a —— icepick four. what they say, instead, is that the small number, it is a small survey, but of the a0 instagram users who were teens who say that they do struggle with mental health issues, everything from anxiety to body image to self—harm, both boys and girls, on all 12 issues, the majority of boys and girls said that instagram either made things betterfor
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instagram either made things better for them instagram either made things betterfor them or didn't instagram either made things better for them or didn't have a material impact.— a material impact. that was monika bickert _ a material impact. that was monika bickert there. - bring in evan greer, the director of the digital rights organisation fight for the future and is live for us in boston, massachusetts. thank you for coming on the programme.— you for coming on the programme. you for coming on the rouramme. . ., ., programme. thanks for having me. programme. thanks for having me- what _ programme. thanks for having me. what did _ programme. thanks for having me. what did you _ programme. thanks for having me. what did you make - programme. thanks for having me. what did you make of- programme. thanks for having me. what did you make of the| me. what did you make of the evidence given _ me. what did you make of the evidence given by _ me. what did you make of the evidence given by the - evidence given by the whistleblower today? i evidence given by the whistleblower today? i think what was — whistleblower today? i think what was really _ whistleblower today? i think what was really productive l what was really productive about today's hearing is that it focused on the root cause of the harm of platforms like facebook and instagram, which is not that they host speech user generated content, it is the algorithms that they used to effectively show you what they want you to see in order to keep you on that platform so they can sell advertising. identifying that is the root cause of the problem helps move us toward real solutions, things like privacy legislation that can cut off the stream of data, the surveillance the conduct in order to service that content through those
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algorithms.— that content through those algorithms. let's dig down a little into — algorithms. let's dig down a little into that. _ algorithms. let's dig down a little into that. we - algorithms. let's dig down a little into that. we heard - algorithms. let's dig down a| little into that. we heard the response from facebook that talking about the efforts they had put in, you know, that they have huge numbers of people employed to look at this kind of issue, but you think a previous seachange would help. how? , , ,, how? facebook's entire business model is fundamentally - how? facebook's entire business model is fundamentally flawed i model is fundamentally flawed and incompatible with basic human rights in democracy. again, they are notjust a message board where people can post photos of things that they want, they are using powerful algorithms that are based on data that they harvest on all of us and using that to show some content to this person, some content to this person, some content to that person, and they are doing that, again, using this enormous amount of information about our likes, our interest, our behaviour. crosstalk. hang on, there are a couple of things there. first of all, people are doing that willingly in exchange for a very useful service in lots of ways, that
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is free, so people are doing it willingly, secondly, it can be very useful, the algorithms drive content to people that they want to watch. 50 drive content to people that they want to watch. so actually what we find _ they want to watch. so actually what we find when _ they want to watch. so actually what we find when you - they want to watch. so actually what we find when you serve i they want to watch. so actually what we find when you serve a| what we find when you serve a people's experience online is they prefer social media newsfeeds where they have more control, where they can control what they see. where if you sign up to locate a gc content from that page, rather than content that facebook another company things you want to see. facebook is giving a kind of false choice, they see you can either have free speech and online engagement or you can have privacy. reality is that we can have both. social media is wonderful. but what facebook and instagram is offering is not really social media, it is algorithmic manipulative based on surveillance. that is where lawmakers can make a difference. some of these proposals, like changing section 230, would actually do more harm than good, but we can all get behind a real privacy legislation that finally prevents these companies from harvesting data about us that
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they use to manipulate us. qm. they use to manipulate us. 0k, 'ust they use to manipulate us. 0k, just finally. _ they use to manipulate us. 0k, just finally. in _ they use to manipulate us. 0k, just finally, in just _ they use to manipulate us. 0k, just finally, in just a _ just finally, in just a sentence because we're out of time, what do you think the chances are of a law like that, a federal data privacy law coming in?— a federal data privacy law cominu in? , , ., ., , coming in? this is a watershed moment and — coming in? this is a watershed moment and we _ coming in? this is a watershed moment and we need - coming in? this is a watershed i moment and we need lawmakers coming in? this is a watershed - moment and we need lawmakers to finally get off the back sizing get this done.— finally get off the back sizing get this done. 0k. thank you very much — get this done. 0k. thank you very much for— get this done. 0k. thank you very much for coming - get this done. 0k. thank you very much for coming in - get this done. 0k. thank you very much for coming in the l very much for coming in the programme. we appreciate it. thanks for having me. next. pope francis says he felt pain when he heard of the findings of an independent report into abuse carried out by members of the catholic church in france. the scale of the abuse was staggering, dating back to 1950. the investigators found more than 200,000 children had become victims. lucy williamson reports. 70 years of horror, hundreds of thousands of victims, laid bare in one explosive report. its language stark, itsjudgement grim. for a long very time, it says, the french catholic church showed complete — even cruel — indifference to those
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who suffered abuse. the report estimates the number of child victims sexual abuse at the hands of priests, deacons, monks, or nuns, at 216,000. if non—clergy are included, that figure rises to 330,000 — a third of a million children. translation: there was, above all, a catalogue - of negligence, failures, silence. an institutional cover—up which appeared systematic and on which the commission came to a unanimous conclusion — the church did not see, did not hear, did not know how to pick up weak signals. the investigators analysed decades of church archives, court records, and testimony from victims. most abuses happened in the 1950s and 1960s, too long ago for anyone to be prosecuted now. one of those who testified was this priest.
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he told the panel how, in the year he turned 18, during clerical training, he was repeatedly raped by a seniorfigure in the seminary. translation: it destroys people. there is a physical violence, but there is also a whole context of control which destroys not only the body but the heart and the mind. that's why these sexual assaults are so serious. this report has shattered public perceptions and public trust in an institution that still has a strong presence in france. the sheer number of victims estimated by the enquiry as dwarfed previous scandals here and exploded the idea that they're just isolated events. at churches across france today, a test of faith as clergy and congregations absorbed the news. translation: it's a catastrophe. - it's a betrayal. there are predators everywhere. translation: i was raised in a religious institution. i
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among 20 priests there was one we were warned about. i think the report probably underestimates the number of victims. at many services today, priests spoke about the challenges laid out by the enquiry. this dark corner of church history makes painful reading, but the report is also, for many, a light at the end of a very long road. lucy williamson, bbc news, paris. do stay with us on bbc news. still to come: this year's nobel prize in physics is awarded to three sciences for their work predicting global warming and helping to explain our climate. this was a celebration by people who were relishing their freedom. they believe everything's going to be different from now on. they think their country
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will be respected in the world once more, as it used to be before slobodan milosevic took power. the dalai lama, the exiled spiritual leader of tibet, has won this year's nobel peace prize. as the parade was reaching its climax, two grenades i exploded and a group of- soldiersjumped from a military truck taking part in the paradel and ran towards the president, firing from kalashnikov automatic rifles. - after a37 years, the skeletal ribs of henry viii's tragic warship emerged. but even as divers worked to buoy her up, the mary rose went through another heart—stopping drama. i want to be the people's governor. i want to represent everybody. i believe in the people of california.
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welcome back, this is bbc news, i'm lewis vaughanjones. let's take a look at the headlines. facebook has told the bbc it does protect its users' welfare after being accused by a whistleblower of putting its profits first. victims demand action after a shocking enquiry finds a list 200,000 children in france were assaulted by priests and monks in the catholic church in the past 70 years. now, miles of beaches in southern california remain closed after a pipeline burst on saturday pouring roughly 3000 barrels of oil into the ocean. the us coastguard and pipeline executive were questioned on tuesday after it was revealed there was a 12 hour delay between the first sighting of the spell and the response. you look after whitlands along the coast, thank you very much for coming
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on the programme.— on the programme. thank you very much _ on the programme. thank you very much for— on the programme. thank you very much for having - on the programme. thank you very much for having me. i on the programme. thank you very much for having me. we | on the programme. thank you i very much for having me. we not only look over and other stewards for those, we actually own them. we are a nonprofit that has acquired the money to buy it and restore it back. so liven buy it and restore it back. so given that, what is your reaction when you see some thing like this? it reaction when you see some thing like this?— thing like this? it was devastating _ thing like this? it was devastating for i thing like this? it was devastating for us. i thing like this? it was| devastating for us. we thing like this? it was i devastating for us. we have spent a lot of time, money and sweat out there to restore our wetlands so to see the oil was devastating. the agencies worked really fast, and we had just conducted a drill nine months ago on how to shore up our wetlands and we did that within six hours of being notified. and then the second thing we did the following day as we actually closed our inlet to stop contaminated saltwater from coming into the marshes, so it is now contained in a locked environment of 127 acres, it makes it a lot easier
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to clean because we are not getting contaminated water on a daily basis. 50 getting contaminated water on a daily basis-— daily basis. so there's an element _ daily basis. so there's an element of _ daily basis. so there's an element of containment | daily basis. so there's an i element of containment here. what about the operation more widely? what about the operation more widel ? . ., , ., ., widely? the cleanup operation has started — widely? the cleanup operation has started as _ widely? the cleanup operation has started as of _ widely? the cleanup operation has started as of saturday i has started as of saturday evening and can then use on on a daily basis. we have crews out there in hazmat uniforms, picking up the oil off of the wetlands themselves stopping the next step was to start working on the surrounding islands and shorelines and also the large rocks you see at the jetty, in the us we call it ref wrath, because the oil has clung onto that and we have to clean at. ., , ., clean at. have you ever experienced _ clean at. have you ever experienced anything i clean at. have you ever. experienced anything like clean at. have you ever- experienced anything like this before? " ' :: ~ ., before? 1990, american trader shi - before? 1990, american trader shi off before? 1990, american trader ship off of _ before? 1990, american trader ship off of huntington - before? 1990, american trader ship off of huntington beach i ship off of huntington beach still 250,000 gallons of crude oil. the good thing at the time was we only had one march at the time, the talbot march, and thatis the time, the talbot march, and that is the one that is heavily affected in this one and this
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time it's only 116,000 gallons of crude oil, so we have had this happen before and not the recent past but our past. does this change — recent past but our past. does this change your _ recent past but our past. does this change your thoughts i recent past but our past. does this change your thoughts now on oil generally, its transportation, how we move it around the world?— transportation, how we move it around the world? yes, i'd been in contact _ around the world? yes, i'd been in contact with _ around the world? yes, i'd been in contact with our— around the world? yes, i'd been in contact with our city - around the world? yes, i'd been in contact with our city mayor, l in contact with our city mayor, when it happened in 1991 of the things that was outlawed was single hold ships carrying crude oil. know it's only double hold or larger out there. now we're looking at, how do we either regrout the pipelines or do something more to protect it, that is the next bit of legislature we are working on today to go to our state and also the federal government.— state and also the federal government. ~ , , ., government. we wish you the best with _ government. we wish you the best with the _ government. we wish you the best with the operations i government. we wish you the | best with the operations there. thank you. best with the operations there. thank yon-— best with the operations there. thank ou. ., ,, , . thank you. thank you very much for having _ me. the us senate will vote on wednesday to suspend america's
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debt ceiling, the limit will expire in two weeks which will mean parts of government having to shut down. at least ten republicans will have to vote with the democrats for it to pass. so far they have indicated they won't support it as long as the democrats plan huge increases in social spending. chinese officials are reported to have told the organisers of the g20 summit which is due to be held in rome at the end of this month that president xijinping at the end of this month that president xi jinping will not attend in person. he has not left china since january 2020. it's been reported that the reason is that he is gathering the covid quarantine requirements for returning travellers. ferdinand marcos has announced that he will run for president in next year's collection. ferdinand marcos junior who is known as bongbong has been a supporter of the
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outgoing president due he said he will bring a unifying leadership to the country. —— president duterte. 0ne one of the recipients of the nobel prize urged the government to combat the warning. templeman reports. the scale and seriousness of this crisis reflected in this years' winners of the nobel prize for physics stopping the swedish academy of sciences warning it and to parts, firstly to these two men for
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their work and modelling the earth's climates and predicting global warming and this man whose study of iron atoms cast new light on how the planets may change on a planetary scale. it is recognition of a life's work but there is more to it than that. translation: i think the award is important, not only for me but also for the other two, because climate change is a huge threat to humanity, and it is extremely important that governments act resolutely as quickly as possible. resolutely as quickly as possible-— resolutely as quickly as ossible. , ,. , , ., possible. these scientists have s - ent possible. these scientists have spent decades _ possible. these scientists have spent decades in _ possible. these scientists have spent decades in research i spent decades in research trying to grasp complex structures and decipher the way the earth is changing. their work, giving all of us information we need if we want to combat global warming. i to combat global warming. 1 think the most important to combat global warming. i think the most important thing is, a tray to help understanding why climate has
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changed, and how it is going to changed, and how it is going to change in future.— change in future. next month, world leaders _ change in future. next month, world leaders will _ change in future. next month, world leaders will gather i change in future. next month, world leaders will gather in i world leaders will gather in glasgow for copper 26. it's been described as the last chance to avert climate disaster. if they were to succeed, three nobel prize winners will help helped put them on the right direction. —— cop26. european union leaders meeting in slovenia are having to have discussions on europe's place in the world as they seek unity about how to deal with superpowers china and the us. it is the first gathering since june. still smarting from a secret submarine deal between the us, australia and the uk, emmanuel macron told reporters that europe needs to consider its independence. translation: technologically, industrially, economically, financially and also militarily, we must build
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also militarily, we must build a longer europe. you know that is what i'd deeply believe and. a europe which takes its share for itself and which can choose its partners and work closely with historical allies. the bi . . est with historical allies. the biggest of _ with historical allies. the biggest of those - with historical allies. the biggest of those historical allies is the us. but things have been frosty since it signed a military pack which meant australia backed out of a lucrative submarine deal with france. 0n lucrative submarine deal with france. on tuesday, the us secretary of state antony blinken was in paris. it is the first american official to meet the french president since the row and he spoke to french tv. translation: we row and he spoke to french tv. translation:— row and he spoke to french tv. translation: we could have, we should have _ translation: we could have, we should have done _ translation: we could have, we should have done better— translation: we could have, we should have done better in - should have done better in terms of communication. this is what president biden and president macron said when they spoke two weeks ago. but above all we sometimes tend to take for granted such an important relationship. a relationship as deep as the one between france and the us. deep as the one between france and the us-_ and the us. president macron was less enthusiastic. - and the us. president macron was less enthusiastic. i i and the us. president macron was less enthusiastic. i just i was less enthusiastic. i 'ust
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believe in i was less enthusiastic. i 'ust believe in facts. ii was less enthusiastic. i 'ust believe in facts. i do i was less enthusiastic. ijust believe in facts. i do think i was less enthusiastic. i just| believe in facts. i do think it is more polluted for both of us. we will see. in mid october we will catch up during the g20 and i think it is the right occasion to see how we can re—engage. occasion to see how we can re-engage-_ occasion to see how we can re-engage. occasion to see how we can re-eneeae. , ., re-engage. the president of the euro ean re-engage. the president of the european council _ re-engage. the president of the european council also _ re-engage. the president of the european council also stressed i european council also stressed the need for europe to act in a more autonomous way. ilirui’ith more autonomous way. with afghanistan, _ more autonomous way. with afghanistan, china, - more autonomous way. with afghanistan, china, the i more autonomous way. try afghanistan, china, the indo pacific, so it is important to develop the intelligence of the eu. we listen to others, we listen to different argument around the table and again the unity that we strike. that unity that we strike. that unity has _ unity that we strike. that unity has often _ unity that we strike. that unity has often proved i unity that we strike. that i unity has often proved elusive, with this agreement within the bloc on how to deal with china.
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there will be plenty to talk about around the table. now yulia peresild is a russian actor who starred in dozens of elements but her next one should make history. she has become the first actor to go to space to star in a film. she and her director had just arrived on board the international space station at the start of a 12 day mission. they were film scenes for that movie epic at the challenge about a going to is to help an astronaut, beating a similar project planned by tom cruise and nasa. arriving in the international space station earlier today, a very unusual team of cosmonauts. russian actress yulia peresild and her producer/director klim shipenko. they blasted off from the baikonur cosmodrome in kazakhstan earlier today on a unique mission — to become the first to make
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a feature film in space. the film's called the challenge, about an emergency inside the international space station. the actor and director both had what was described as a crash course in space travel before heading off. translation: we have been working really hard. - although we look all happy and smiles, we are very tired. it has been very difficult, both mentally and physically. but the russians have beaten the americans, who wanted to make a film in space with tom cruise. they are now spending 12 days flying above the earth making theirfilm. richard galpin, bbc news, moscow. and sticking with being up in the air but not quite as far, take a look at these pictures. this is the albuquerque international balloon fiesta. this is the sky over new
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mexico, hundreds of what air balloons taking to the sky. that's it from me for this hour, i'm lewis vaughanjones, this is bbc news. hello there. wednesday looks like it's going to be a drier, brighter day for many parts of the uk. a vast improvement over what we saw on tuesday. the northeast of england was particularly badly affected by the rain. it was about a month's worth of rain falling in 2a hours. throughout the day, it was a pretty wet too across eastern parts of scotland. the low pressure that brought the rain and the strong winds is moving out of the way. we've got the next atlantic weather system coming in to the west and in between the two, a small window of drier weather and some sunshine. with clearer skies to start the day across large parts of scotland and northern ireland, pretty chilly out there. for eastern parts of england, there's more rain around still and it's lighter by the morning, the rain should move away. those northerly winds will
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gradually ease and the cloud eventually break up. we've got this slice of dry weather and sunshine, but western areas are going to be clouding over steadily and we've got some rain in the afternoon particularly across northern ireland. ahead of that, something a bit warmer than today across much of england and wales. it could be quite chilly in the evening with the clearer skies in eastern england and out to the west though, the cloud is coming in, thickening up to bring some rain into western scotland and that will tend to lift the temperatures, as well. as we head into the end of the week, it is a complete turnaround really because there is much warmer weather on the way and that is because the winds are going to be coming in all the way around the tropics and bringing in those higher temperatures, bringing in the moisture in the form of cloud and we've still got the weather front just draped across the northwestern part of the uk to bring some rain. that is mainly affecting northern and western scotland during thursday, some heavier rain for argyle and highland. some rain threatens northern ireland could be a bit of damp, drizzly weather across western parts of england and wales. brighter skies further east. but despite a lot of cloud on thursday, look at these temperatures.
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19 in belfast, could make 20 in newcastle, much, much warmer than it was on tuesday. the winds will be lighter for england and wales on friday, could be some fog in the morning through the midlands towards the southeast of england and lifting to bring some sunny spells, still a threat of rain in the northwest parts of the uk with some sunshine at times. and those temperatures again widely 18 to 21 c. the next question is how long will it last? saturday looks quite warm for many. some rain in scotland and northern ireland. as the weekend goes on, it will gradually cool down from the north.
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this is bbc news. the headlines: a former facebook employee turned whistleblower has told the us congress social media giant is harming children, stroking division, and weakening democracy. frances haugen, who leads internal company research to the wall streetjournal, also said facebook chose profit over the safety of users. the governor of california has once again called for an end to offshore drilling following the massive oil spill of the southern coast of the state. gavin newsom is it underlined the need for two and america's dependence on fossil fuels. it is thought to have resulted from the rupture ofa of a pipeline. a russian film crew has arrived at the international space station on a mission to shoot the first movie in orbit. an actor and director will record scenes for the challenge, a drama about a surgeon who is sent to save a cosmonaut.

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