you're watching bbc news. i'm rich preston. our top stories... tens of thousands of women's rights activists have been holding demonstrations across the us, opposed to a new law in taxes that severely limits access to abortions in the state. they're opposed to a new law in texas that severely limits access to abortions in the state. there are also wider fears the supreme court may soon rule abortions nationwide are illegal. our correspondent barbara plett—usher reports from washington. roe versus wade has got to stay, ho—ho! hey—hey! activists are sounding the alarm. this is the moment when abortion rights face their most significant challenge in nearly half a century from conservative lawmakers and judges. i am very worried. i think it's time for a course correction. we have been doing this for more than 50 years. now we're back here again
and it'sjust like, when is this going to end, you know? but they are going to keep putting out attacks and we are going to keep fighting them. nobody wakes up in the morning and decides, "i want to get- an abortion today. " it's the hardest decision that a woman will have to make i in her entire life and we - should trust women to make that decision for themselves. women's rights! in texas especially, protesters have been fired up by a strict new abortion law. applause. it bans the procedure after only six weeks of pregnancy. millions of innocent children lose their right to life every year because of abortion. in texas, we want to save those lives. the supreme court allowed the extreme texas law to go into effect, a sign to protesters that the balance of power on the bench has shifted — conservative control strengthened by donald trump's judicial appointments — and they will take up a challenge to national abortion rights in just a few months. organisers are hoping this will help them recruit
new activists for the fight ahead and it's a deeply political one, perhaps more than any other issue in american law, divided along bitterly partisan battle lines. a confrontation just outside the supreme court but the future of abortion rights will be decided inside. barbara plett usher, bbc news, washington. nato forces in kosovo have been temporarily deployed to border crossing points with serbia to defuse a dispute over car number plates that have seen some of the worst tensions in years. kosovo special police units have been withdrawn and vehicles blocking the route now moved under an eu brokered interim agreement. kosovo's refusal to recognise serbian vehicle number plates had caused outrage among ethnic serbs. authorities in a mine have urged people in northern coastal areas to evacuate their homes as a cyclone is due to
make landfall in the next 2a hours. cyclone shaheen is advancing towards the northern coast with winds of up to 150 kilometres per hour. is expected to bring heavy rain and high waves. there have been chaotic scenes in the chilean capital santiago as police tried to control rival marches for and against migration from venezuela and haiti. several people were injured as protesters threw stones when the two marches converged in the two marches converged in the city centre. chilli has accepted hundreds of thousands of migrants in recent years. fire has ravaged the honduran resort island of guanaja. this footage shows people desperately trying to douse the flames, the fire breaking out in the early hours of saturday morning, and the inferno was raging by daybreak. hundreds were forced to evacuate with the honduran air force sent to fight the fire. dozens of homes have been destroyed. the president of the honduran
humanitarian organisation and says the situation is devastating. this morning when we woke up with the pictures and videos of what was happening in guanaja, we just start crying because we've been there many times and we know that at the quay, what we call bonacca, this fire would do the whole island. the only place that the people could go to save themselves was the ocean. and it has been really, i think, the worst that they have gone through because even with the hurricanes, they had shelters, they could move up to the mountain to the hills, but with the fire, it was just... i think the worst. i mean, people were running in panic. us here on the mainland, we just didn't know what to do. thanks to food for the poor that we've had already prepared ourselves for the hurricane season. we had some emergency kits that we just started sending them. we had some good contacts with the airline here, a small airline, that
flies to guanaja. so by 10:00am we were able to send 126 boxes of human aid — generators, blankets, flashlights, food, clothing, but we still have a lot to go. we are sending also some things by boat that we had, we have this good relationship with food for the poor, that they just answered the minute that — that was my first thing to do, call food for the poor, you are watching bbc news. staying in the region, thousands have been demonstrating in brazil, calling for the president's removal. 0pposition parties and trade unions heralded one year ahead of the election. he is lagging behind his socialist rival in opinion polls. mark lobel reports. the call from the thousands in the streets across the country was forjair bolsonaro's impeachment and for him to go, with exactly a year until
the next presidential election. translation: we have - a president who does not invest in the health system, does not care about the population that is going hungry, and we can no longer stand this government. holding aloft their preferred successor, jair bolsonaro's left—wing rival luiz inacio lula da silva. their former president ahead in the opinion polls as well as their affections, now released from prison after serving time for corruption. the country is reeling after almost 600,000 people have so far died of coronavirus here, the second—highest country death toll worldwide. many brazilians blame it on president bolsonaro's handling of the outbreak. translation: i am here today for all of the family members l and friends who could not be present and who unfortunately died.
meanwhile, brazil's most vulnerable have suffered from rising prices. translation: inflation has. caused some changes in food consumption in my home. i am replacing some of the red meat with white beans and eggs. i see a big difference in my electricity bill, as well. but the bullish president is armed with self—confidence, projecting the image of a strongman seemingly kids' play for him during his first 1,000 days of government. translation: 1,000 days of many achievements. - 1,000 difficult days in the pandemic, but also 1,000 days without corruption. his supporters as committed as ever, backing his latest stance against vaccination passports. translation: we are fighting for a better brazil - _ a more prosperous, morejust brazil. but protesters are turning up the heat on the president, whose approval rating is at an all—time low, with dozens of outstanding requests to parliament to impeach him and several supreme court—backed investigations into his
behaviour now underway. here in the uk, the fuel crisis continues with the situation in london in the south—east critical according to some filling stations. but the petrol retailers' association says elsewhere the situation is easing thanks to the restraint of drivers. their figures show more than two—thirds of sites they contacted now have fuel, but 16% have none. the military is due to help delivering fuel from monday. this report from our business correspondent katy austin. there were more queues to fill up this morning. this was in south—east london. this is the first time i'm queueing up, because my boy normally gets it for me. but today — oh, my gosh, it's like christmas came early. these drivers in newcastle, though, weren't having issues. no problems at all. i've just put £100 in the van to keep us going for the week.
well, a few days ago - it was very hard, but i think it's starting to pick up a little bit now. j the body representing independent forecourts says availability across the country has improved. it thinks about two thirds of sites now have petrol and diesel, while16% have run dry, but it has labelled the situation in london and the south—east as critical. the prioritisation for deliveries must now go to london and the south—east, and to the independent forecourts, which make up 65% of all forecourts across the uk. 200 military personnel, including 100 drivers, have been called in to help boost supplies. they're being trained and will start on monday. amid a shortage of hgv drivers across the economy, 5,000 visas for foreign workers had already been announced, lasting until christmas eve. that includes 300 fuel tanker drivers. now we know they will be able to start immediately, and the length of time they can stay for has been extended until the end of march.
11,700 of the visas are for food lorry drivers. they won't be able to start until later this month, but the length of their stay has also been extended until up to the end of february. visiting leeds general infirmary today, the prime minister didn't rule out any further relaxation of the visa rules. what we have now is a system that allows us to control immigration, and that gives us flexibility. we can open up our markets if we need to, and of course we'll keep everything under review. ministers insist the fuel situation will continue to improve if people only buy what they need. even when supply levels return to normal, motorists are being told they should expect to pay more at the pump as wholesale prices rise. katy austin, bbc news. climate ministers gathering in italy says a lot more progress
needs to be made by wealthy countries before a crucial us summit in glasgow in november. frustration on the streets as young activists marched to the milan climate conference on friday. this is ourfuture, and we have to fight for our futures. inside the conference today, a mood of quiet formality as negotiators brought this meeting to a close. what is been discussed, though, could hardly be more urgent. the fires, the floods, the melting of the ice and the rising of the sea, and turmoil in populations... the overall message from leaders here is one of cautious optimism — that it will be possible to reach a decisive climate agreement in glasgow, but that it won't be easy. people who are here in milan representing some of the most vulnerable and small island nations are really concerned that we're still a long way from the trajectory of keeping global temperature increase this century to within this key threshold of 1.5 degrees celsius.
we're already at a 1.1 world. we're facing increasing frequency and severity of storms and flooding. a 1.5 world is very scary to think about, especially for islands like us. and what's even scarier is that we're still not there, in terms of ambition, in terms of cutting down emissions. this vast coal mine in odisha in india, a country that still depends heavily on coal for energy, isjust a glimpse of what a challenge it is to slash carbon emissions. but leaders here agree that meeting that challenge is now urgent. by 2030 we need to have reduced emissions globally by 45%. but what we need is everyone to come forward, and if there is a gap, we're going to have to set out how we will close this gap in this decisive decade. the true test, bringing the politics in line with the science, will be at the critical un climate conference injust one month's time. victoria gill, bbc news, milan.
some richer countries are already starting to rule out booster shots, and at the same time, many low income nations have been forced to turn to lesser—known vaccine providers, including some that have not yet been approved by the world health organization. professor terry nolan as head of the vaccination immunisation group at the doherty institute in melbourne, and he told me about the key issues with the vaccines used by some of the world's chlorination. access to supply is most important, though. the international initiative which is called covax, which has been signed up to by many of the countries and many rich governments, to contribute vaccines into an international pool, is a really important step in making those vaccines available to countries around the world. first of all, everyone should,
i think, take a cold shower about all of this issue about how much of a difference is there between the vaccines. by and large, all of the vaccines are doing a very good job at controlling covid. certainly the ancestral or the initial wuhan strain, but even now with the delta strain, which is much more elusive, they're still doing a good job. there are questions of availability, of certainty about that, in some of the vaccines — for example some of the chinese vaccines, some from cuba and others where there isn't yet enough transparency in the data, either clinical trial data or data following their rollout in populations, to be certain about what i just said — to be certain that they are as effective as others. but the suspicion is that they are. so that is an issue, and countries assisted by who need to be assured that if they are going to procure vaccines that they will do the job that they've promised. and that is a significant issue for which who has significant responsibility.
you are watching bbc news. our main story. thousands are marching for abortion rights across the united states as pro—choice supporters fear the supreme court could impose further restrictions. staying on that story for a few moments. speaking to a reproductions organiser in new york who attended the rally earlier on in —— —— today. give us your reaction to what is happening in texas. it us your reaction to what is happening in texas.- us your reaction to what is happening in texas. it is 'ust horrific. six-week �* happening in texas. it isjust horrific. six-week abortion i horrific. six—week abortion ban, just to get a sense of that, what that actually means is 85— that, what that actually means is 85- 90% that, what that actually means is 85— 90% of people who choose to get abortions do so after six weeks. i6 weeks most people don't even know that they are pregnant so it is an effect total ban on abortion in texas. __ by total ban on abortion in texas. —— by six weeks. it is poised to lobby for copycat bills and the most recent development of a decade—long trend of chipping away at our reproductive rights
in this country. tell away at our reproductive rights in this country.— in this country. tell us more about those _ in this country. tell us more about those other _ in this country. tell us more about those other states. i in this country. tell us more | about those other states. are there any particular areas you are concerned about? the south in particular— are concerned about? the south in particular but _ are concerned about? the south in particular but for— are concerned about? the south in particular but for example, i in particular but for example, six states already have only one abortion clinic in them so things like cost of travel, lodging, childcare, economic hardship, all of these things are prohibitions on people to access their reproductive care and in december where the supreme court is going to hear another case from a mississippi, a 15 week ban and if the court continues, we will see an overturning of roe v wade. you are in new york, the east coast, fairly liberal. how eas it east coast, fairly liberal. how easy it is _ east coast, fairly liberal. how easy it is at — east coast, fairly liberal. how easy it is at for _ east coast, fairly liberal. how easy it is at for a _ east coast, fairly liberal. how easy it is at for a woman - east coast, fairly liberal. how easy it is at for a woman to i easy it is at for a woman to get an abortion in new york? the primary reason is economic, primarily because public insurance, federal funds are not allowed to go to abortion services due to something called the hyde amendment which
for the first time ever was not included in this year's budget. but until then, if you were unmedicated, for example, you are not covered for your insurance in order to get abortions. things like commuting, access to services and also harassment in front of clinics that may deter people from seeking the services that they need. from seeking the services that they need-— from seeking the services that the need. ~ . , .,~ ., they need. what is your take on they need. what is your take on the resnonse — they need. what is your take on the response to _ they need. what is your take on the response to all _ they need. what is your take on the response to all of _ they need. what is your take on the response to all of this - they need. what is your take on the response to all of this by i the response to all of this by the response to all of this by the bite and at the discretion? —— biden administration. the? -- biden administration. they have made — -- biden administration. they have made some _ -- biden administration. they have made some mistakes - have made some mistakes including not including the hyde amendment in this year's budget. but i think his recommendation to the supreme court to block these draconian abortion restrictions, but we will have to see how it really plays out. will have to see how it really plays out-— will have to see how it really plays out. taking a step back and looking _ plays out. taking a step back and looking at _ plays out. taking a step back and looking at the _ plays out. taking a step back and looking at the global - and looking at the global picture, abortion seems to be making it more into the headlines recently. you have countries like poland, very roman catholic, which has
effectively banned abortion. also argentina, also roman catholic, have now legalised abortion. why do you think it is entering national discourse so much in certain parts of the world? . , , _, ., . world? the answer is economic crisis in the _ world? the answer is economic crisis in the country _ world? the answer is economic crisis in the country 's - world? the answer is economic crisis in the country 's that - world? the answer is economic crisis in the country 's that i - crisis in the country �*s that i am argentinian, for example, and the mass movements that have been really galvanised by the question of abortion and what anti—abortion laws really do to a whole society. for example in latin america it is the second highest cause of death for women, illegal unsafe abortions. so that kind of effect of really your lives depending on these laws and fighting for them, i think is really the whole thing is pushing the change. i think thatis pushing the change. i think that is also true for the biden administration. biden�*s personal position of first supporting the amendment and having to reverse his position was because of people really holding him accountable. thank ou for holding him accountable. thank you forjoining _ holding him accountable. thank you forjoining us. _ holding him accountable. thank you forjoining us. appreciate i you forjoining us. appreciate your insights.
human rights watch... it comes a day after the taliban released the photographer after 20 days in detention. he was arrested are —— earlier this month after a protest in her white. —— macro —— hewat. a freelance photographer has been released. he was arrested by the taliban during a protest in western hewat —— herat province. he was accused of using his social media platforms to promote people against him. this is the moment he was arrested. he was separated from the crowd and pushed into a government
building. during an anti— taliban and anti— pakistan processed —— protest on september seven. the peaceful demonstration was dispersed by the local forces stopped at least two men were killed and seven injured. he was there to cover the gathering, an event he also supported on his facebook page. his family couldn't see him while he was in detention. we couldn't see him while he was in detention.— in detention. we didn't get an hinu in detention. we didn't get anything from _ in detention. we didn't get anything from the - in detention. we didn't get anything from the taliban l in detention. we didn't get. anything from the taliban to understand why he is there. after three weeks, while we are not alone —— allowed to see him. i not alone -- allowed to see him. . ., . him. i asked the taliban chief of information _ him. i asked the taliban chief of information and _ him. i asked the taliban chief of information and culture i him. i asked the taliban chief. of information and culture from herat why they are imprisoning journalists and activists.
this alone has sent an alarming metal —— message to other journalists who want to cover stories like this. what is your reaction to that? shortly after our interview, him and his activist —— and activist were released as a gesture, but these two journalists have not been so lucky. they were arrested by —— while covering a protest in kabul. both were lashed and tortured. a media watchdog and human rights organisations have warned of a crackdown of freedom of speech. while around 154 media outlets have stopped
operating, since the return of the taliban. the volcano that has been erupting on the spanish island of la palma is spewing out two new streams of lava, threatening further destruction. these are life pictures we can show you now showing red hot lava. many crops have been destroyed. hundreds of people have been forced to evacuate, since the eruption first began last month. our correspondent dan johnson is there. it seems like every day this volcano is forming more and more lava. there are more vents opening up, new ways for the lava to escape, and that means even more lava flowing downhill, putting even more homes and villages at risk. more than 1,000 properties have been destroyed now. and this is an area that has been evacuated, so there are homes here where people haven't been able
to get back for more than a week now, people wondering whether they will ever be able to come back and live here, because nobody knows how long this volcano will keep erupting. you can see the sort of ash that has spread right across this area. it's really thick, coarse stuff that covers absolutely everything. at times you can feel it in the air, you can taste it. but it all depends on the changing wind direction, which areas are under threat and which areas are taking the gases that are escaping from there and also down at the sea as well. because when the lava hits the water there is another potential for toxic gases and lava. you can see how powerful that volcano is, how much lava and smoke is continually being produced. day and night this has gone on, and people are wondering how much more is there to come. the experts think this could last for weeks or potentially months more. europe's first mission to
mercury has sent back its first picture of the solar systems. the spacecraft came within 125 the spacecraft came within125 miles of mercury�*s crater covered surface. it is moving too fast to go into orbit will but will begin more detailed observation in four years' time. we have a professor at —— and says the expectations are high. and says the expectations are hiuh. , , , ., and says the expectations are hiuh. , ., y high. the first mission only saw half — high. the first mission only saw half the _ high. the first mission only saw half the planet. - high. the first mission only saw half the planet. the i high. the first mission only - saw half the planet. the second one had —— did great work but only had low resolution cameras and so couldn't see things that were bigger — smaller than a few hundred metres across. took some high—resolution stuff but they not many images. back in columbus, which is a joint european space agency is different, it can take really good high resolution images globally. image small parts of the surface at really high resolutions that could see things that are tens of metres across and it can also explore
the composite —— composition and the magnetic field so it doesn't —— it is very small but it is not a magnetic field. it is a bit of a baffle, why do we not understand why that is? also, it's quite like the moon in some ways in terms of its environment. it is almost airless, but it shows a lot of geological activity, or has in the past — enormous faults, larger volcanic provinces, big lava flows under the surface, and also weird things that we haven't seen on other planets, like little hollows which appear to be where material from underground is escaping to space, a bit like melting or evaporating ice. so yes, it has a lot of strange geology. and this magnetic field.
that is it from me for the time being. you can reach me on twitter. from me and the team thank you for watching and we will see you soon. hello. saturday was a soaker where you are. sunday will be a much brighter day. there'll still be showers around, it's still going to be windy, but there will also be some spells of sunshine to be had as well. of course, low pressure responsible for the soaking rain, which affected some parts of the uk on saturday. for sunday it's close to northern scotland. this is where we'll start the day with the strongest winds, in the northern isles, especially shetland, gusting 60—70 mph. starting temperatures and coldest areas will be across the north of mainland scotland, some spots close to freezing as the day begins. most of the early showers are going to be in western areas. they will travel gradually further east as we go on through the day, and by the afternoon many of the showers are going to be reasonably hit and miss,
though a longer spell of rain pushing back across northern scotland and the northern isles. these are average wind speeds. there'll be gusts up to around 35—45 mph. those very strong winds in the northern isles ease a little but it remains very windy here, with gales. and as for temperatures, mostly in the range of around 12 or 13 to 17 celsius. as for the london marathon, it looks like there'll be plenty of sunshine around during the morning. into the afternoon, increasing cloud, and there will be the chance of catching a shower moving through for those who take a little longer, perhaps, to complete the course. now, as we go on into the evening the showers will continue, particularly across western areas. overnight and into monday morning there'll be a few more pushing in across south wales and southern parts of england. and as for temperatures,
we may just start the day on monday a degree or so higher than on sunday morning. and monday will be another day of sunshine and showers. whilst many will be focused across western areas, some again will travel further east during the day. but it's across eastern parts you're most likely to stay dry, with some sunshine. rain gathering to the south—west as monday comes to an end, a bit of uncertainty about how quickly it's wanting to move in. but that's tied in with more weather fronts and another area of low pressure. something to play for in the detail and the position of this going into tuesday, but it's likely to bring another spell of heavy rain and strong winds, particular into wales and england. although maybe some towards the west and the south—west clear up as the day goes on, there'll still be some strong winds and gales around. northern ireland may miss most of it. some of the rain could well push in towards the south—east of scotland. yet more wet and windy weather on the way.
in texas that severely limits access to abortions in the state. there are also wider fears the supreme court will soon rule abortions nationwide are illegal. a fire has destroyed hundreds of homes in ireland and honduras. hundreds were forced to evacuate with the honduran air force sent to help contain the fire. at least four people were injured before it was brought under control. demonstrations against the brazilian presidentjair bolsonaro are taking place in dozens of towns and cities across the country. many brazilians are unhappy with the right wing present�*s handling of the pandemic which has killed nearly 600,000 people in brazil. those are your headlines here on bbc news. queen elizabeth has been addressing msps at holyrood to mark the opening of the succession of the scottish parliament. this will be the smp's both consecutive term in