this is bbc news with the latest headlines for viewers in the uk and around the world. abortion rights activists have held more than 600 rallies held across the united states, as people protest against recent efforts by states to restrict abortion access. nobody wakes up in the morning and says, "i want to get an abortion today. " it's the hardest decision that a woman will have to make in her entire life, and we should trust women to make that decision for themselves. climate ministers gathered in italy say a lot more after days of queuing at the pumps, the army will begin delivering fuel to petrol stations across the uk from monday. this is the scene on la palma, where two new streams of lava pose a further threat of destruction and the erupting volcano forces more
residents to flee. and residents to flee. europe's first mission to mercury and europe's first mission to mercury sends back its first picture of the solar system's innermost planet. hello, and welcome if you're watching in the uk or around the world. tens of thousands of abortion rights advocates have been holding demonstrations acoss america. they're opposed to a new law in texas, that severely limits access to abortions in the state. there are also wider fears the supreme court may soon rule abortions nationwide are illegal. our correspondent barbara plett usher reports now from washington. roe versus wade has got to stay, ho—ho! hey—hey! activists are sounding the alarm. this is the moment when abortion rights face their most significant challenge in nearly half a century from conservative lawmakers and judges. i am very worried. i think it's time for a course correction.
we have been doing this for more than 50 years. now we are back here again and it'sjust like, when is this going to end, you know? but they're going to keep putting out attacks and we are going to keep fighting them. nobody wakes up in the morning and decides, "i want to get- an abortion today. " it's the hardest decision that a woman will havel to make in her entire life and we should trust - women to make that - decision for themselves. women's rights! in texas especially, protesters have been fired up by a strict new abortion law. it bans the procedure after only six weeks of pregnancy. millions of innocent children lose their right to life every year because of abortion. in texas, we want to save those lives. the supreme court allowed the extreme texas law to go into effect, a sign to protesters that the balance of power on the bench has shifted — conservative control strengthened by donald trump's judicial appointments — and they will take up a challenge to national
abortion rights in just a few months. organisers are hoping this will help them recruit new activists for the fight ahead and it is a deeply political one, perhaps more than any other issue in american law, divided along bitterly partisan battle lines. a confrontation just outside the supreme court but the future of abortion rights will be decided inside. barbara plett usher, bbc news, washington. the fuel crisis in the uk continues with the situation in london and the southeast critical according to retailers. but the petrol retailers association said elsewhere the situation is easing thanks to the restraint of drivers. theirfigures show more than two thirds of sites they contacted, now have fuel but 16% have none. the military is due to help delivering to petrol stations from monday. our business correspondent, katy austin, has the latest. there were more queues to fill up this morning.
this was in south—east london. this is the first time i am queueing up because my boy normally gets it for me, but today, oh, my gosh, it's like christmas came early. these drivers in newcastle weren't having issues. no problems at all. i've just put £100 in the van to keep us going for the week. a few days ago it was very. hard, but i think it's starting to pick up a little bit now. the body representing independent forecourts says availability across the country has improved. it thinks about two thirds of sites now have petrol and diesel, whilst16% have run dry. but it has labelled the situation in london and the south—east as critical. the prioritisation for deliveries must now go to london and the south—east, and to the independent forecourts which make up 65% of all forecourts across the uk. 200 military personnel, including 100 drivers, have been called in to help boost supplies. they are being trained and will start on monday. amid a shortage of hgv
drivers across the economy, 5,000 visas for foreign workers had already been announced, lasting until christmas eve. that includes 300 fuel tanker drivers. now we know they will be able to start immediately and the length of time they can stay for has been extended until the end of march. 4,700 of the visas are for food lorry drivers. they won't be able to start until later this month, but the length of their stay has also been extended until up to the end of february. visiting leeds general infirmary today, the prime minister didn't rule out any further relaxation of the visa rules. what we have now is a system that allows us to control immigration and that gives us flexibility, we can open up our markets if we need to. of course we will keep everything under review. ministers insist the fuel situation will continue to improve if people only buy what they need.
even when supply levels return to normal, motorists are being told they should expect to pay more at the pump as wholesale prices rise. katy austin, bbc news. let's look at some of the day's other news. taiwan has accused china of wanton aggression after an unprecedented number of chinese military aircraft crossed into its air defence zone. taiwan says 38 chinese military aircraft entered the zone in two waves on friday china's national day. it also says a further 20 chinese military aircraft flew through its self—declared zone on saturday. the white house says president biden will work with lawmakers through the weekend on his landmark spending legislation. mr biden says he's working hard to get both the bipartisan infrastructure bill and the wider reconciliation bill passed, bringing progressives and moderates in his democratic party together. demonstrations against the brazilian president, jair bolsonaro, are taking place in dozens of towns and cities across the country.
thousands of people are taking part in the protests, mr bolsonaro is lagging behind his socialist rival luiz inacio lula da silva in opinion polls ahead of the election. many brazilians are unhappy with the right—wing president's handling of the pandemic, which has killed nearly 600,000 people in brazil. climate ministers gathered in italy say a lot more progress needs to be made by wealthy countries before a crucial un summit in glasgow in november, from milan, here's our environment correspondent victoria gill. frustration on the streets... ..as young activists marched to the milan climate conference on friday. this is our future and we have to fight for our futures. inside the conference today, a mood of quiet formality, as negotiators brought this meeting to a close. what's been discussed though could hardly be more urgent. the fires, the floods, the melting of the ice and the rising of the sea... the overall message from leaders here is one of cautious optimism, that it will be possible to reach a decisive climate agreement in glasgow,
but that it won't be easy. glasgow is the starting point. people who are here in milan representing some of the most vulnerable and small island nations are really concerned that we are still a long way from the trajectory of keeping global temperature increase this century to within this key threshold of 1.5 celsius. we are already in a 1.1 world. we are facing increasing frequency and severity of storms and flooding. a 1.5 world is very scary to think about, especially for islands like us, and what's even scarier is that we are still not there, in terms of ambition, in terms of cutting down emissions. this vast coal mine in india, a country that still depends heavily on coal for energy, is just a glimpse of what a challenge it is to slash carbon emissions. but leaders here agree that meeting that challenge is now urgent. by 2030, we need to reduce emissions globally by 45%, but what we need is everyone
to come forward and if there is a gap we are going to have to set out how we will close this gap in this decisive decade. the true test, bringing the politics in line with the science, will be at the critical un climate conference in just one month's time. victoria gill, bbc news, milan. on top of climate change, deforestation is now being seen as a leading cause of damage to the environment and human health. scientists are warning that the ongoing clearing of the amazon rainforest could have deadly consequences. they've found more than 12 million brazillians will be at high risk of heat—related illnesses within the next 100 years. our correspondent katy watson reports from the state of sao paulo. brazil is a country used to death in the face of pandemic. but this is a graveyard of another kind. an orange farmer all his life, luis has never experienced a drought like this. translation: i think the way it's going, the rainfall- willjust keep decreasing in the future.
i can see that each year, the rainfall has been lower. the colour�*s drained from these orange groves, the fruit and leaves dried to a crisp. luis fernando says he'll have to dig this all up and start again, but the ground is too hard for the machines. and, even after replanting, it'll take another three years to harvest new fruit. water levels at the region's most important water source are at their lowest since the 1940s — hampering an important trade route and threatening livelihoods. brazil has more than 10% of the world's fresh water supplies, and this river alone is the second biggest in south america after the amazon, provides a0 million people with fresh drinking water — notjust here in brazil, but in argentina and paraguay, too. but it's also an important source of energy, but the water level has fallen so low that the dam over there is struggling to continue to generate electricity.
experts put it down to extreme weather caused by la nina, a natural weather phenomenon. but they say increasing deforestation in the amazon is making it worse. we are unfortunately very near a tipping point of forests, amazon forests, disappearing. 60—70% of the forest may be replaced by a very degraded ecosystem, a degraded savanna due to climate change and local regional deforestation. this moisture flow will be reduced every year. so there will be less moisture being transported to the south. with water rationing across the region, taps run dry by early morning, especially in poor neighbourhoods like this. for this woman, water is hard to come by at the best of times.
she affords herself the luxury of a shower, but can't use it. when they get water, the family stores that here — but they're scared to use it in case they run out. they also risk diseases like denghi, with mosquitoes laying their eggs on the surface. it is very difficult for their health, she says. and it won't get any easier until the rain starts to fall and the leaves once again turn green. a distant wish for now, with fears this drought could continue next year, too. katy watson, bbc news, in sao paulo state. the volcano that's been erupting for the past 11 days on the spanish island of la palma is spewing out two new streams of lava, threatening further destruction. many homes and crops have been
destroyed and thousands of people have been forced to evacuate since the eruption first began last month. we can see the sheer force of nature they are in those images being beamed back to us at the moment. danjohnson is on la palma. it seems like every day, this volcano is producing more and more lava. there are new vents opening up, new ways for the lava to escape — and that means even more lava flowing downhill, putting even more homes and villagers at risk. more than 1,000 properties have been destroyed now, and this is in the area that's been evacuated — so there are homes here where people haven't been able to get back for more than a week now. people are wondering whether they'll ever be able to come back and live here, because nobody knows how long this volcano will keep erupting. you can see the, sort of, ash that's spread right across this area — it's really thick, coarse stuff that covers
absolutely everything. at times, you can feel it in the air, you can taste it, but it all depends on the changing wind direction which areas are under threat, and which areas are taking the gases that are escaping from there, and also down at the sea, as well, because where the lava hits the water, there is another potential for toxic gases there. you can see how powerful that volcano is, how much lava and smoke is continually being produced day and night this has gone on. and people wondering how much more is there to come? experts think this could last for weeks or months more. the headlines on bbc news... across the us there are more than 600 abortion rights rallies being held, as people protest against recent efforts by states to restrict abortion access. climate restrict abortion access. ministers say a lot
more climate ministers say a lot more progress seems to be made by wealthy countries at a un site in glasgow next month. the uk home secretary has said, police must "raise the bar" by taking the harassment of women more seriously. priti patel said crimes such as indecent exposure and verbal abuse should not be taken lightly. she said women should feel confident to call out such offences. ministers have promised reform of the criminal justice system, after the murder of sarah everard, by a serving police officer. simonjones reports. the death of sarah everard prompted an outpouring of public grief. now the government says it's determined her murder will bring about permanent change in how society deals with violence against women and girls. the prime minister says there are too few prosecutions and convictions for sexual violence. the time from report to referral, from referral to court proceedings, from court proceedings to the conclusion — all three of those segments — is far too long. and what you're seeing is the whole system snarled up
with evidential problems, data issues, mobile phones disclosure, all that kind of stuff, and it's a nightmare for the women concerned. wayne couzens kidnapped, raped, and murdered sarah everard. he then dumped her body in woodland in kent. cars registered to him had previously been linked to two allegations of indecent exposure, but he wasn't identified as a potential sex offender. it's claimed couzens also used a whatsapp group to swap misogynistic messages with officers from the metropolitan police, the civil nuclear constabulary, and the norfolk constabulary. we've also got to address the issues going on within the police force, and you'll have seen this stuff about the officers on the whatsapp group. we've got to come down very hard on them. the home secretary says the police must raise the bar by taking harassment and flashing more seriously. priti patel told the telegraph,
they should not be considered low—level crimes. the met says it's putting more officers in places where people feel unsafe. we're absolutely committed to tackling violence against women and girls. that is going to be our focus. it is one of our priorities. so you will see us out on patrol in hot spots. but there are calls for more scrutiny of the police themselves. this has been going on for many, many years and i'm rather tired of hearing police forces say "we are going to learn lessons from some tragedy." the lessons don't seem to be learned, and the lessons are that women's suffering of this kind of stuff has to stop. and women up and down the country are saying that. and you have to listen, and police forces are not doing that. and so it has to be listened at a lower level, and i'm sorry that means resourcing and more police available and more money put into policing and into the court system. but we also have to have much better processes of training police and those in the justice system. opposition politicians accused the government of starving the police and courts of resources, but there's
a growing consensus that the death of sarah everard must act as a watershed moment. simon jones, bbc news. human rights watch says the taliban authorities have imposed wide ranging restrictions on the media in afghanistan. it comes a day after the taliban released the afghan freelance photographer morteza samadi after 23 days in detention. he was held with a number of activists after they were arrested earlier this month at a protest in western herat. kawoon khamoosh reports. after being detained for three weeks, morteza samadi, a freelance photographer, has been released. he was arrested by the taliban during a protest in western herat province. the taliban accused him of activities that threatened national security, and of using his social media platforms to provoke people against them.
this is the moment he was arrested. he was separated from the crowd and pushed into a government building. during an anti—taliban and anti—pakistan protest on the seventh of september. gunfire the peaceful demonstration was dispersed by the local forces. at least two men were killed and seven wounded. morteza was there capture the gathering — an event he also supported on his facebook page. his family couldn't see him while he was in detention. we didn't get anything from the taliban to understand why morteza was there. for three weeks, we were not allowed to see him. i asked the taliban chief of information and culture for herat why they are imprisoning journalists and activists.
this has sent an alarming message to journalists who want to cover stories like this. what's your reaction to that? shortly after our interview, morteza and an activist were released as a gesture of good faith. but these two journalists have not been so lucky — they were arrested while covering a protest in kabul. both were lashed and tortured, and they are still recovering.
media watchdogs and human rights organisations have warned of a crackdown on freedom of speech, while around 154 media outlets have stopped operating since the return of the taliban. kawoon khamoosh, bbc news. the president of the philippines is certainly a controversialfigure. adored by his supporters but accused by critics of encouraging thousands of extrajudicial killings in his " w ar on drugs" now on the day the election season begins, rodrigo duterte has said he's retiring from politics. the bbc�*s philippines correspondent howard johnson explained whether rodrigo duterte is really preparing to go. well, mr duterte today has said similar things in the past. so we have to take this statement today with a pinch of salt. but in the philippines, it's really about the drama, it's about the gossip. it's a bit like the telenovelas and soap operas that play out in the country — this is the kind of stuff that people talk about, so today's statement really thrusts the duterte family name
into the gossip mongering and rumour mongering that's going on in every household in the philippines interested in politics. so what could happen is two scenarios — one, he could be switched in late before 15 november, the deadline for switching in a candidate, as we saw him do in 2015, in november when he eventually was successful for president — or it could be that they are setting up the duterte family brand. sara duterte, his daughter is potentially running for president, and today she filed her candidacy for mayor of davao city. but what we might see is that switch on 15 november to run with his aide, and that will be a duterte tandem that a lot of people are already used to, as senator go works very closely with the president at the moment. this footage shows citizens
desperately trying to douse the flames. the fire broke out in the early hours of saturday morning, and by daybreak. the inferno was raging. the honduran air force was deployed to battle the blaze. dozens of homes have been destroyed, but remarkably no lives were lost. to mark the opening of the sixth session of the scottish parliament. accompanied by prince charles and camilla, the duchess of rotc, the queen said the beginning of a new session was the time for renewal and fresh thinking. members of the scottish parliament, as we all step out from adverse and uncertain times, occasions such as this today provide an opportunity for hope and optimism. marking this new session does indeed bring a sense of beginning and renewal.
you're the bevvy colombo spacecraft came within 125 the bevvy colombo spacecraft came within125 miles of mercury�*s crater covered surface. it's moving too fast or go into orbit but will begin more detailed observations in four years' time. professor matt is professor of the terry geoscience and says expectations are high. the first mission _ expectations are high. the first mission only - expectations are high. the first mission only saw - expectations are high. tie: first mission only saw half the planet. he did great work but they only had blue resolution cameras, so they couldn't see things that were even smaller than a few hundred metres across. it took some high—resolution stuff but there were many images. this is a joint us space agency with japan can take really high—resolution images
globally, and images of small parts of the surface... you can see things that are tens of metres across, and it can also explore the composition and magnetic field, so it is an awful lot of things. it is very small but it's got a magnetic field. mars doesn't have a magnetic field, and it's bigger. so in some ways it's like the earth. we don't understand why that is. also it's quite like the moon in some ways, in terms of the environment in most areas. there's a lot of geological activity, it has in the past had large volcanic provinces or lava flows. and there's weird things that we haven't seen on our planet like little hollows which appear to be where material from underground which appear to be where materialfrom underground is material from underground is seeping materialfrom underground is seeping to space, sort of like
melting or evaporating ice. so it's got a lot of strange geology, and de sciglio magnetic build. mil geology, and de sciglio magnetic build. all sounds fascinating, _ magnetic build. all sounds fascinating, that's - magnetic build. all sounds fascinating, that's it - magnetic build. all sounds fascinating, that's it for . magnetic build. all sounds i fascinating, that's it for now, this is bbc world. hello. saturday was a soaker where you are. sunday will be a much brighter day. there will still be showers around and it'll still be windy, but there will also be spells of sunshine to be had, as well. of course, low pressure responsible for the soaking rain which affected some parts of the uk on saturday. for sunday, it's close to northern scotland — this is where we'll start the day with the strongest winds, and the northern isles, especially shetland, gusting 60—70mph. starting temperatures — the coldest areas will be across the north of mainland scotland, some areas close to freezing as the day begins. most of the early showers will be in western areas. they will travel gradually further east as we go on through the day, and by the afternoon, many of the showers will be reasonably hit and miss, though a longer spell of rain pushing back against northern scotland and the northern
isles. these average wind speeds will gust up to 35—45mph. very strong winds in the northern isles ease little, but it remains very windy here with gales. and as for temperatures, mostly in the range of 12—13, to 17 celsius. as for the london marathon, it looks like there'll plenty of sunshine into the morning. into the afternoon, increasing cloud, there will be the chance of catching a shower through for those people who take longer, perhaps, to complete the course. into the evening, the showers will continue particularly across western areas. overnight and into monday morning, there'll be a few more pushing in across south wales and southern parts of england. as for temperatures, may just start the day on monday a degree or so higher than on sunday morning. and monday will be another day of sunshine and showers — whilst many will be focused across western areas, some again will travel further east during the day, but it's across eastern parts where you're most likely to stay dry with sunshine. rain gathering to the southwest
as monday comes to an end, a bit of uncertainty as to how quickly it's wanting to move in. but that's tied in with more weather fronts and another area of low pressure. something to play for in the detail and the position of this going into tuesday, but it's likely to bring another spell of heavy rain and strong winds, particularly into wales and england — although maybe some towards the west and southwest clear up as the day goes on, there'll still be some strong winds and gales around. northern ireland may miss the most of it, some rain could push into the south and east of scotland with more wet and windy weather on the way.
this is bbc news. the headlines... tens of thousands of abortion rights advocates have been holding demonstrations across the united states. they opposed a new lion texas access that severely limits access to abortions in the state. there are also fears the supreme court may soon will abortions nationwide illegal. a lot of our progress needs to be made by wealthy countries before a crucial un summit in glasgow next month. they aim to keep global warming to a 1.5 limit above preindustrial levels. european commission vice president says the survival of humanity is at stake. after days of queuing at the palms, british retailers say there has been an improvement nationwide, though, fuel supplies remain critical in london in southeast england. the military is due to deliver petrol across the uk for monday. those are the headlines.