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tv   BBC News  BBC News  September 19, 2021 5:00am-5:30am BST

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this is bbc news. welcome if you're watching here in the uk or around the globe. i'm mark lobel. our top stories: the rift deepens between france and key western allies, over a cancelled submarine contract — the french foreign minister says relations with australia and the us are in crisis. translation: there has been lying, duplicity, - a major breach of trust, and contempt. this will not do. things are not going well between us. the first all—amateur space crew to orbit earth has safely returned after their three—day mission. us officials move thousands of migrants away from a texas border town, after a rapid influx, mostly from haiti. and, walking in the air — the french slackliner wowing
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the crowds in paris. france's most senior diplomat says relations with australia and the united states are in crisis because of what he called their duplicity and lies over a new security alliance. the pact resulted in australia cancelling a multi—billion dollar contract to buy french submarines. hugh schofield reports. for the americans, the australians and the british, it's a new alliance to ensure stability in the pacific and thwart the strategic ambitions of china. but australia's decision to buy nuclear submarines from the us has left the french feeling stunned and humiliated. their contract with australia has been simply binned. ordered back home by
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president macron, the french ambassador to canberra was as polite as he could be about the reasons for france's anger. i think this has been a huge mistake, a very, very bad handling of a partnership — because it was not a contract, it was a partnership. this evening the foreign minister, jean—yves le drian, spoke again on national television. translation: there has been lying, duplicity, - a major breach of trust and contempt. this will not do. things are not going well between us. it means there is a crisis. i'm with the president of france. it makes me feel better. laughs. just a few months ago, it was all smiles at the g7 summit in cornwall between presidents biden and macron, and all talk of cooperation and shared challenges. but behind the scenes, the french are convinced that the three english—speaking nations were hatching the plan to cut them out. the fallout is potentially very great. britain needs a functioning nato alliance and my worry
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is that this does deep damage to nato, going well beyond the diplomatic row over an arms deal. as they assess the damage, the french are asking themselves tough questions. who now can be relied on as a serious military ally? noticeably, here at the french foreign ministry, the one ambassador who's not being recalled is the one to london. one reason being put about is that the french regard the british role in the new pact as being that of a junior partner, but it does also suggest a willingness to keep lines of communication open. the souring of relations is in stark contrast to when president macron visited an australian submarine in 2018. with an election coming early next year he perhaps has to act tough, but his angry reaction has broad support. for most people it is not the government that has been humiliated, but france. hugh schofield, bbc news, paris. the bbc�*s courtney bembridge examines why australia scrapped the french
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deal in the first place. the prime minister scott morrison was keen to say that this was not a change of mind but a change of need — that australia needed to have a more modern fleet of submarines and that's why they'd opted for these nuclear powered — so they're not nuclear weapons, they're nuclear powered submarines — rather than the more traditional, conventionally powered ones. now, there had been indications that this deal, the french deal, which was signed by 2016, had been troubled for some time. the cost had blown out, it had almost doubled, there were delays as well. so there had been indications and certainly reports as early as this year that this deal may be under threat, but of course we know that the french say that this came completely out of the blue. so, why now? well, many people are suggesting it was a viable plan b. that the uk and us alliance allowed australia to sidestep into something else. but, it is worth pointing out the billions of dollars have already been spent on french deal and there will be further delays now because they're effectively going back to square one.
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now, these submarines were meant to be built in australia but they were french designed. now they'll have to be redesigned to cope with the new way of powering them, so this will set australia back, and all of this comes at a time when australia's submarine fleet is ageing as it is, it was slated to be retired in 2025. now, that's at a time when we know tensions are increasing with china and there were very real concerns about that. so they've spent billions of dollars upgrading the current fleet, the old style of submarine, so that there is no gap between. now, this new fleet that's been agreed under the deal with the us and the uk, we know the prime minister said is not likely to be delivered until at least 2040 so there is a long amount of time, a long lead time on this, and in the meantime, threats are changing and the landscape is changing so much that there are still concerns about this. right, but france is upset by all this. in fact, they say that this is not over. so how's that going to pan out for the australians?
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well, australia will be keen to argue that france didn't hold up its side of the deal with the cost blowouts and the delays but it's likely that this will end up in the courts and a court will have to decide whether they constitute grounds to scrap the deal, but of course, as i said, billions of dollars have already been spent and the french are saying well, you've made an agreement and you're going to have to make good on that, so australia may end up still having to pay out some of that deal, but australia for its part says it's still better than investing billions and billions more into what will become outdated technology by the time it's eventually delivered. elections are taking place in hong kong for a powerful committee that will appoint almost half the legislature and the next chief executive. it's the first poll since beijing imposed a new electoral system to ensure that only what it calls patriots rule hong kong. fewer than 5,000 people, mostly from
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the pro—beijing establishment, will be allowed to vote. population. critics say the new system leaves no room for pro—democracy candidates; most prominent democratic activists have been jailed or have fled abroad. for space tourists splash down of the coast of florida, the mission was bankrolled by a businessman who described the experience as a hack of a ride. jared issacman. the final moments of omission quite unlike any other, after orbiting the earth for three days, splashdown of the coast of florida for the four amateur astronauts, the space tourists. welcome home to planet earth. your vision has shown the world spaceis your vision has shown the world space is for all of us. it your vision has shown the world space is for all of us.— space is for all of us. it was bankrolled _ space is for all of us. it was bankrolled by _ space is for all of us. it was bankrolled by businessman | space is for all of us. it was - bankrolled by businessman jared bankrolled by businessmanjared issacman, saying we're just
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getting started. and it had whole begun three days ago. lift off for a commercial mission, the first without any professional astronauts on board. much of the adventure deemed back love to us. there is an awful _ deemed back love to us. there is an awful lot _ deemed back love to us. there is an awful lot that _ deemed back love to us. there is an awful lot that still - is an awful lot that still needs to be accomplished in space. there is an awful lot of it. we know so little about it. there may be interesting answers to questions so we have to do that. answers to questions so we have to do that-— to do that. the spacex was fitted with _ to do that. the spacex was fitted with an _ to do that. the spacex was fitted with an extra - to do that. the spacex was fitted with an extra large i fitted with an extra large window allowing the people on board spectacular views. an artist, us air force veteran, a woman who overcame bad cancer as a child. ., woman who overcame bad cancer as a child-— as a child. hello and welcome to our dragon _ as a child. hello and welcome to our dragon capsule - as a child. hello and welcome to our dragon capsule here i as a child. hello and welcome to our dragon capsule here in | to our dragon capsule here in space. to our dragon capsule here in sace. , ~ . ., to our dragon capsule here in sace. ,�*~ ., space. hayley arceneaux has one space. hayley arceneaux has gone back — space. hayley arceneaux has gone back to _ space. hayley arceneaux has gone back to work _ space. hayley arceneaux has gone back to work to - space. hayley arceneaux has gone back to work to the - gone back to work to the hospital that treated her. they train for six months although
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the computer system on board was actually in control. they carried out the sides experiments. but in truth it was a milestone in the space tourism industry. a chance to show that it can be opened up to more people, provided there is a backup deep pockets who can identified others with a shed sense of adventure. a lot of faith in that computer! israel says it's recaptured the last two of six palestinian militants who escaped from a maximum security prison nearly two weeks ago. four prisoners were quickly recaptured, after the six escaped through a tunnel from gilboa prison in a spectacular breakout that had their palestinian supporters celebrating in the streets. an army spokesman said the remaining two fugitives surrendered after security forces surrounded them in the city ofjenin in the west bank.
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now to the us, where the department of homeland security has moved around 2,000 people from a camp in a border town in texas to other immigration detention and processing centres. in the past week alone, around 12,000 have arrived at the border town, many after travelling from south america in an effort to request asylum in the us. the bbc�*s central america correspondent will grant has more. makeshift margaret camps are nothing new under the us— mexican border but not like this one. under a mexican border but not like this one. undera bridge, inside the us, there are some 12,000, mainly hatian. in searing heat and with next to no facilities, conditions are rapidly deteriorating. there are a few basic services available and border agents are struggling to cope. in fact, the mayor said the entire town is struggling. the the mayor said the entire town is struggling-—
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is struggling. the migrants are caettin is struggling. the migrants are getting agitated. _ is struggling. the migrants are getting agitated. border - is struggling. the migrants are getting agitated. border patrol cannot keep up with feeding. the facilities, the standard of living is being stretched beyond its capabilities. this is unprecedented. this is beyond surreal. this is affecting everybody in this community. affecting everybody in this community-— affecting everybody in this communi . , , community. yet still they keep cominu. community. yet still they keep coming. crossing _ community. yet still they keep coming. crossing a _ community. yet still they keep coming. crossing a point- community. yet still they keep coming. crossing a point of. coming. crossing a point of shallow water from ciudad acuna, in mexico. these people have taken perhaps the most treacherous journey from have taken perhaps the most treacherousjourney from latin america to reach this point. they had north, from south america, even crossing a thick jungle between columbia and panama. many migrants do not make it past that point. it is notjust hatians, cubans, not just hatians, cubans, nicaraguans notjust hatians, cubans, nicaraguans are in the group, pushed out by the covid
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pandemic and economic crisis. the state's republican governor is a moment to criticise the administration's handling of the crisis under the border. the people under that bridge right now are going to be relocated by the united states department of defence. some are going to arizona, others to california, others might be going to loretto, we were told, but one thing we know for a fact, there is nothing but uncertainty and indecision by the administration about what they are going to do. into the administration about what they are going to do.— they are going to do. into the short-term. _ they are going to do. into the short-term, what _ they are going to do. into the short-term, what the - they are going to do. into the short-term, what the guided| short—term, what the guided administration is going to do is start flying the migrants back to haiti. many who left the impoverished, crisis wrecked caribbean nation, in some cases as an ago as 2010, may soon find themselves back
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there, facing a similar leak outlook. will grant, bbc news. thousands of protesters have gathered outside madrid's las ventas bullring to call for the spectacle be banned across spain. once emblematic of spanish culture, the blood sport has suffered a loss of popularity over the past few years, as gail maclellan reports. mission abolition, brows drawn to central madrid to protest against a spot they see as a barrack. —— sport. this is what they are trying to abolish, the bullfight has long been associated with the culture of the country but it's a lower is waning. —— attraction. big festivals can still draw crowds that there are still fewer of them and public interest is dwindling. translation: to me it does not _ dwindling. translation: to me it does not represent _
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dwindling. translation: to me it does not represent the - it does not represent the culture of our culture. it is suffering, torture, it is not natural and it is out of those. the number of people attending clients every year, especially among young spaniards. the less interested otherwise age 15—211. translation: we interested otherwise age 15-24. translation:— translation: we do not want bullfighting _ translation: we do not want bullfighting to _ translation: we do not want bullfighting to forever - translation: we do not want bullfighting to forever be - bullfighting to forever be associated with spanish culture stop just because it has been for so long in the past. stopjust because it has been for so long in the past. maybe the will for so long in the past. maybe they will get _ for so long in the past. maybe they will get their _ for so long in the past. maybe they will get their wish - for so long in the past. maybe they will get their wish and i they will get their wish and bullfighting will prove to not just be out of step with human history but, crucially, out of fashion. gail maclellan, bbc news. this is bbc news. a reminder of our top stories: the french foreign minister has denounced in the strongest terms the new security pact in the pacific. jean—yves le drian accused the united states and australia of lying.
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a successful splashdown for the first people to travel into space without a professional astronaut. relatives of the family of ten afghan civilians, killed in an american drone strike in afghanistan last month, say the attack amounted to a war crime. us officials have admitted that the air strike, which killed seven children in kabul, was a mistake from there, here's jeremy bowen. this is all that remains of the toyota corolla that the americans tracked for hours as they convinced themselves, entirely incorrectly, that it was packed with explosives. five of the seven dead children were playing in the car when it was hit. its owner, zemerai ahmadi, who they believed wrongly was an islamic state bomber, had just driven it home from his work with an american aid organisation. the survivors have moved out after their terrible loss. they want compensation and resettlement in a safe country.
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this was america's last act of war before it pulled out of afghanistan and the decision to fire the missile smacks of panic — and what a legacy. it isn't necessarily the parting shot of the americans, because they still have the capacity to hit targets from the air. the us relies increasingly on drones. across the road, the neighbours are still traumatised by what they heard and saw. parisa said, "there was an explosion. i picked up brain and human flesh from the ground." america's latest deadly blunder shows how dangerous its drone strategy can be for civilians.
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i've been speaking to mikey kay, a former senior raf officer who served in afghanistan. i asked him how he thought the americans made such a deadly mistake. i used to be part of the kill chain, which is military parlance for the precision air strikes process. and that precision air strikes process takes a lot of time, energy and resource into figuring out collateral damage estimate, understanding what weapon and fuse selection will be required, looking at all of the intelligence that leads up to what's called the pid, which is the positive identification of the target. that is imint, which is imagery intelligence usually from a drone, it's doing what's called pol, pattern of life. it's elint, which is basically the ability for drones to listen in to communications
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such as cell phones, and the really important one which i think is one of the major factors in this erroneous drone strike, is the humint which is the human intelligence component. and one of the factors your reporter alluded to in terms of still having the ability to launch these drone strikes, one of the factors we should be really be asking the us chain of command, is the level of human intelligence that is now available given that all us forces, as far as we're aware, have left the country. because human is a huge part of that positive identification process. now, if we look at the schedule of events that occurred, on august 26th, you had islamic state suicide bombs, two big ones go off outside of kabul airport, and those explosions killed 13 us marines. three days later, on august 29th, this drone strike went in. so for three days, the us were on edge. i'd been trying to get at terp out for the last three weeks outside of kabul and we were aware, through intelligence channels, that there were seven suicide vests on the loose and there was what's called
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an svbied which is a suicide vehicle born improvised explosive device car bomb on the loose as well. so the us will have been on edge, they will have been wanting to try and intercept these suicide threats to the airport. but it is the human and the positive id functions of the air strike process that have just gone massively wrong here. united nations agencies have urged the taliban to re—open girls' schools in afghanistan. more than a month after the taliban seized power, secondary schools for boys have reopened and all male teachers have been ordered back to work. but the taliban have said nothing about reopening secondary schools for girls. shuhra koofi is a 21—year—old afghan student whose mother, a former mp, survived two assassination attempts. shuhra described the current lack of female education as heartbreaking
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and frustrating. when they were fighting against the government, they had a reason to legitimise their brutality and legitimise the fact that they don't allow the girls to go to school. but now they are ruling the government, so they are accountable to people, and this is not what people want. families want their daughters to get educated. they want their girls to go to school and have the rights that the boys have. well mariam wardak, who's organisation her afghanistan is dedicated to the advancement of young afghan women, explains how the current women's protest movement has developed since the last time the taliban ruled in the 90s. well, there is no comparison, really. in the 90s, people, the community was not as advanced. they did not have the experience of the past 20 yea rs. they have lived through the civil war and not only
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the civil war, they had gone through what the soviet occupation brought, the type of military engagements that they had and then we also had that strong brain drain so they were not equipped with that kind of confidence and with that kind of abilities to do so. and today it's a different story. we've had young people who have pretty much grown up in the past 20 years who are not even familiar with the current structure, for instance, that the individuals, their parents or the generation before were aware of what the taliban were like, but this generation is not. and i think not having that exposure also, it falls into the kind of confidence that they have to challenge that system. and it's also, we have to have this understanding that the population is not the same population of the 90s. this population has freedom of... experience of education, financial independence, and exposure to the world.
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and do you think the taliban can learn from history? you are talking about the next generation of doctors, of teachers, of midwives that would be going into secondary school now. do they not care about losing that section of society? you know, this is something that i struggle with often because if these are, this is the group that constantly discusses that they are fighting for religion and that they understand religion. islam and those of us who understand the religion of islam, it gives you so much, women so much ability, especially advancement within education, it's a basic right that one needs to have and the fact that they don't understand that, their government will not be able to function without including women in it, just like with the government in the past collapsed because of corruption, ifeel that the taliban will not be able to function without the inclusion of women especially because we've become such a strong function of society.
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and yet the words from the taliban about inclusion of women are not turning into actions. we see women going back to work protesting. are there men in afghanistan fighting the fight for women? that's something i don't witness. the women are not protesting anymore because of the laws that have been enabled by the current structure, but one of the things that i see is a strong fight by women but i don't see men holding that fight for them. should they be doing that? would that make the difference? absolutely, yes. this is where actually religious scholars need to come in place, this is something that her afghanistan constantly campaigns for. religious scholars around the world and in afghanistan need to stand up for women and their inclusion in the society, and their role in the structure that is in place. we also have to look at the fact that afghanistan, although it is a patriarchal system, many households
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are matriarchs now because of the constant war of the past a0 years, people have lost theirsons, husbands and fathers, and the women are actually running their household. what is your message to men in afghanistan, then? i think that this is the time where you actually stand up the women in your household. if tomorrow you are not around, what else could they do? would you like them to become the beggars of society or would you like them to become the leaders of society? it's all in their hands. if you happened to be in paris on saturday — you may have witnessed something of a spectacle. in amongst the usual tourist attractions was a man walking on a line, 70 metres up in the air. look away if you're afraid of heights, as we've roped in the bbc�*s tim allman for this tall story that is actually true. sometimes, the only question that needs to be asked is, why? there in the distance, a man walks through midair, suspended on a 600—metre
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stretch of elasticated webbing. his starting point, one of the most famous places on earth. translation: it was great, it's really beautiful starting. from the eiffel tower. it's a world—renowned place, one that i'm aware of the view from the ground, and discovering it from above, it's really beautiful. nathan paulin is a slackliner — a bit like tightrope walking except the rope is looser, bouncier, a sort of long, narrow trampoline. and he doesn'tjust walk — he sits, he lies down, even hangs around for a bit. for the spectators on the ground, it was quite a sight. imagine what it was like for nathan. translation: when i was young, i had vertigo - and i learned to contain it. during the performance, i really didn't feel it. i really didn't have a fear of heights.
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i felt some stress over starting it, but no vertigo, no. that's all from us for now, goodbye. hello there. many of you will have had a dry start to the weekend. there is some sunshine around, the best of it arguably across eastern areas of the country, and a lovely end to the day, captured by weather watcher sue in wakefield in west yorkshire. we've seen outbreaks of rain starting to form, some heavy showers crossing the midlands. some of those downpours have been captured by our weather watchers as well. for example, look at this one — a downpour crossing the skies of nuneaton captured by weather watcherjack. right now, if anything the rain is getting a bit heavier, a bit more expansive as it makes its way across wales, the midlands, northern ireland and scotland. slowly we're starting to see that rain ease off across westernmost areas of northern ireland. so here it should be a reasonably dry start to the day on sunday, but otherwise many of us
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will see at least some rain during the day on sunday as these areas of rain continued to push their way eastwards. now, the rain is going to get increasingly heavy late in the day across eastern areas of england, where the rain is going to really grind to a halt. and the amount of rain we see from place to place is going to vary quite a bit, but there will be a few areas that could pick up as much as 30 or a0 mm. there is a risk of seeing some localised surface water flooding across the east. in many western areas, actually, the weather will improve for sunday afternoon with a bit more in the way of sunshine. taking a look at the week ahead, well, it's not a bad start to the week, with some sunny spells, some dry weather as well for many. however, later in the week, low pressure is going to be moving in and that's going to be bringing more of an autumnal feel to things, really, as it turns wet and increasingly windy as well. monday's chart and into tuesday shows this ridge of high pressure building off the next atlantic system, and not completely dry. i mean, there will be one or two spots of rain
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in east anglia and south—east england, a few showers in the north—west, but predominantly monday is a dry day with some sunshine. our temperatures are high teens to low 20s, probably feeling just a little bit fresher than it has done over recent days, but not cold. on into tuesday's forecast, a few mist and fog patches to start the day. the winds really start to pick up for northern ireland and western scotland, where there could be a few showers. but again it's mainly dry day, with some sunny spells, perhaps a bit of cloud developing across england and wales through the afternoon, top temperatures about 21 celsius. but heading deeper into the week, low pressure is set to move in off the atlantic, this bringing rain to all areas and increasingly strong winds. we will have some autumnal gales later in the week.
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this is bbc news. the headlines: the french foreign minister has denounced in the strongest terms the new security pact in the pacific. jean—yves le drian accused the united states and australia of lying, and said there was now a serious crisis following what he called a major breach of trust between them. the first non—professional space crew ever launched into orbit has splashed down in the atlantic ocean off the coast of florida. the commercial spacex inspiration4 mission orbited earth for three days at an altitude of more than 570 kilometres. the spacecraft was operated by ground—based teams. us officials have been moving thousands of migrants away from a texas border town that has seen a rapid influx of mostly haitian migrants in the last week. the department of of homeland security said two—thousand people had been moved to other immigration stations to be processed swiftly.

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