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tv   100 Years of Chinas Communist...  BBC News  July 4, 2021 5:30pm-5:50pm BST

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and this with wet and windier weather pushing in across england and wales overnight and into tuesday morning. hello, this is bbc news. the headlines. a cabinet minister indicates that the use of face coverings will become a personal choice when lockdown restrictions in england are eased. we trust the british public to exercise good judgment. people will come to different conclusions. more than 20 million people watched england's brilliant night in rome — as they thrashed ukraine, and moved on to the semi finals of the euros. it has been a long year for everybody and i am chuffed that the performances we have put on have brought so much enjoyment and happiness to people. it was a saturday night to celebrate for fans —
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football now is coming home — with england facing denmark at wembley on wednesday night. a military transport plane has crashed in the philippines, killing at least 45 people. greece, italy and israel send planes to cyprus to tackle a fatal wildfire on its south coast. now on bbc news a huge nationwide propaganda effort has been underway in china as the ruling communist party marked its centenary. in this special programme, john sudworth and bbc correspondents across the region have been exploring the changes seen in china over the past 100 years.? china's ruling communist party has been celebrating the 100th anniversary of its founding with a massive nationwide propaganda campaign.
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it is, of course, a selective remembering with the periodic bouts of chaos and violence that have marred one party rule conveniently expunged from the record. i am reporting from here in taipei having been forced to leave beijing as a result of pressure from the chinese authorities over my reporting. itself a sign of the increasing political pressure. i've been looking at the celebrations and their significance as china's giant capitalist economy celebrates its continued control by a rigid, live political system. bya rigid, leninist political system. the unmistakable hallmarks of communist party rule were front and centre of it celebrations. the total control, the omnipotent leader, the unquestioning loyalty. overlooking tianamen square,
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the general spoke of how the party had saved china from a history of humiliation and of the power it now wields. translation: the chinese people will never be bullied, _ oppressed or enslaved. anyone who dares to try will have their heads cracked and bloodied against a great wall of steel forged by 1.4 billion chinese people. there are no references of course to the fact that on this spot in 1989, the party clung to power by shooting data hundreds of unarmed protesters. nor any mention of the violence and chaos of chairman mao's rule. and while the focus is on the economic success in china's big leap in living
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standards, critics feared xinjiang's internment camps and the crackdown on dissent in hong kong revealed once again the true nature of one—party rule. this former party insider was expelled last year for voicing concerns about the direction the party was taking. she is now in effective exile in the us. translation: in china, _ 100 years old also means a person has lived long and it is time to think of death. the communist party should review its mistakes. it should be seeking redemption, not celebrating. the theories used to be that as china got richer, it would get freer. the celebration of rigid, authoritarian control represents the total rejection of that notion. and with the triumphantism that is causing concern including here in democratic taiwan,
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with xijinping making it clear the party's mission to control the territory it still sees as its own. convinced that it's democracy, not authoritarianism that is in decline, china intends to party on. the communist parties longevity sometimes seems to have been built on a giant contradiction. alongside the tightening political, an explosion and personal choices of economic freedoms. the party has both unleashed the power of private enterprise and tamed it. robin bradford reports from shanghai on a relationship to one entrepreneur toward the bbc was all about harmony. china is ruled from beijing,
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but it was here, gathering at this very spot in shanghai, that the communists began their push for power. 100 years on with around 90 million members, some are still as fervent in their following. this man checks a special app on the ideas of china's current leader every morning. translation: the first thing to do when i wake up - is to answer the test questions. of course, it is meaningful- so your mindset will be loosened. china's communist have evolved. well, most have. xijinping has been china's chief communist for almost over a decade. the precise role of private enterprise and private money here is still uncertain. take a look at shanghai's skyline, it is littered with numerous examples of tall, strong, private companies. but the government controlled firms with their party links, they are usually nearby. the government and the communist party control key areas of industry here, for private firms of the vast bulk of enterprise now, they create most newjobs. here's how the relationship works,
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according to one businessman. i feel the environment is very important because our party in the country give us the feeling that it is very safe, so we must be inseparable from the harmony of the society in the process of starting a business, right? in short, the communist party months business for up wants business folks to get on with investing, innovating and expanding. in return, the companies must not rock the boat, they must not challenge party control. we try to get more people to sit with me, talk with me about doing business in china. a factory owner, very senior and very well—connected academic would not talk on camera or on the record, the reason some are wary, they fear they may put a foot wrong and upset this man. we encourage private enterprises to develop. china's leader xijinping knows that private business is key to economic growth and keeping his communist party in control.
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hence, this endorsement earlier this year. translation: the party in the state will offer support and provide - guidance when private enterprises have difficulties. therefore, private enterprises should strive to thrive greatly. should strive to thrive bravely. thrive, yes. with the party there to supervise. almost all private firms now have a party committee. china's communist itinerary, the recent struggles of this man tell you a lot about the troubles of doing business in china. when i spoke to jack ma a few years back, he was approaching the height of his power. the co—founder and boss of ali baba, the biggest retailer in the world. china's most famous businessperson, a card—carrying party member. but late last year, a crackdown came on high. part of the bank busting credit giant he'd founded was about to go public and the government stopped it and since then, ma has barely
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been seen in public. his company had become too big, too powerful, a systemic threat, the government said. in today's china, xijinping wants private business to thrive, but only if it will help the party thrive a little bit more. anniversaries are bound this week for the communist party as hong kong marks one year since beijing imposed its sweeping national security law on the city. critics say it is all about increasing control and stifling dissent and since its introduction, there have been more than a hundred arrests, many of them hong kong's most prominent activists. last week, charges under the national security law led to the closure of the cities most popular newspaper, apple daily. danny vincent has been speaking to hong kong there's about the law one year on. as a young man, he swam across this river from mainland china into hong kong, hoping to start a new life.
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it took him nine hours to reach the shores of his former british colony. maybe 50 years later, he says he was trying to escape poverty, not communism.— trying to escape poverty, not communism. , , . communism. this is the critical time for the future _ communism. this is the critical time for the future of _ communism. this is the critical time for the future of one _ communism. this is the critical time for the future of one country - communism. this is the critical time for the future of one country to - for the future of one country to systems — for the future of one country to systems it _ for the future of one country to systems it is _ for the future of one country to systems. it is important - for the future of one country to systems. it is important to- systems. it is important to safeguarded _ systems. it is important to safeguarded and _ systems. it is important to safeguarded and we - systems. it is important to| safeguarded and we should systems. it is important to- safeguarded and we should follow president— safeguarded and we should follow president xi — safeguarded and we should follow president xi jinping. _ safeguarded and we should follow president xi jinping. on _ safeguarded and we should follow president xi jinping._ safeguarded and we should follow president xi jinping. on the eve of the 100 year _ president xi jinping. on the eve of the 100 year anniversary - president xi jinping. on the eve of the 100 year anniversary of - president xi jinping. on the eve of the 100 year anniversary of the . the 100 year anniversary of the founding of the chinese communist party, many questions over hong kong's future loom large. critics say the introduction of a national security law a year ago is giving china complete control of this semi—autonomous city. control over its territory has long been a goal of the chinese communist party. every chinese schoolchild has been told about the 100 years of humiliation told about the 100 years of humiliatio— told about the 100 years of humiliatio . ., , ., ~ told about the 100 years of humiliatio . ., , ., ,, ., humiliation when china was weak and divided by foreign _
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humiliation when china was weak and divided by foreign nations, _ humiliation when china was weak and divided by foreign nations, when - divided by foreign nations, when hong kong was still a british colony. hong kong was still a british colon . , ., ., , ., , colony. there is no doubt the lot is chanauin colony. there is no doubt the lot is changing hong _ colony. there is no doubt the lot is changing hong kong. _ colony. there is no doubt the lot is changing hong kong. he _ colony. there is no doubt the lot is changing hong kong. he was - colony. there is no doubt the lot is changing hong kong. he was once| colony. there is no doubt the lot is - changing hong kong. he was once part of the student protest movement. translation mac of the student protest movement. translation ma— translation mac most of our generation _ translation mac most of our generation is _ translation mac most of our generation is going - translation mac most of our generation is going through | translation mac most of our - generation is going through this. they— generation is going through this. they are — generation is going through this. they are compelled to leave their homes _ they are compelled to leave their homes. many of reference and hong kon- homes. many of reference and hong kong either arrested or have been persecuted and political cases. many others _ persecuted and political cases. many others of— persecuted and political cases. many others of left hong kong for the national— others of left hong kong for the national security law and other reasons — national security law and other reasons. , , , ., ., ' z: z: reasons. despite more than 100 arrests since _ reasons. despite more than 100 arrests since the _ reasons. despite more than 100 arrests since the law _ reasons. despite more than 100 arrests since the law was - arrests since the law was introduced, some are more determined to continue speaking out. he sells protest memorabilia. it was rated by the national security police. instead of trying to use the national— instead of trying to use the national security— instead of trying to use the national security law - instead of trying to use the national security law as - instead of trying to use the national security law as a l instead of trying to use the l national security law as a law instead of trying to use the - national security law as a law to protect — national security law as a law to protect the _ national security law as a law to protect the national— national security law as a law to protect the national security - national security law as a law to protect the national security ofi protect the national security of china _ protect the national security of china and _ protect the national security of china and hong _ protect the national security of china and hong kong, - protect the national security of china and hong kong, they. protect the national security of. china and hong kong, they have decided — china and hong kong, they have decided to— china and hong kong, they have decided to use _ china and hong kong, they have decided to use it— china and hong kong, they have decided to use it as _ china and hong kong, they have decided to use it as a _ china and hong kong, they have decided to use it as a weapon i china and hong kong, they have decided to use it as a weapon to silence — decided to use it as a weapon to silence people _ decided to use it as a weapon to silence people and _ decided to use it as a weapon to silence people and they- decided to use it as a weapon to silence people and they arrest . decided to use it as a weapon to i silence people and they arrest you, what can— silence people and they arrest you, what can i— silence people and they arrest you, what can i say? _ silence people and they arrest you, what can i say? what— silence people and they arrest you, what can i say? what can _ silence people and they arrest you, what can i say? what can i - silence people and they arrest you, what can i say? what can i do? - silence people and they arrest you, what can i say? what can i do? i. silence people and they arrest you, i what can i say? what can i do? i am not going _ what can i say? what can i do? i am
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not going to — what can i say? what can i do? i am not going to change _ what can i say? what can i do? i am not going to change the _ what can i say? what can i do? i am not going to change the way - what can i say? what can i do? i am not going to change the way i - what can i say? what can i do? i am not going to change the way i live i not going to change the way i live 'ust not going to change the way i live just because _ not going to change the way i live just because there's _ not going to change the way i live just because there's something . not going to change the way i live l just because there's something like this going _ just because there's something like this going on — just because there's something like this going on in _ just because there's something like this going on in society. _ just because there's something like this going on in society. if- this going on in society. if anything. _ this going on in society. if anything. i— this going on in society. if anything, i am _ this going on in society. ifl anything, i am duty—bound this going on in society. if- anything, i am duty—bound to proof that the _ anything, i am duty—bound to proof that the citizens _ anything, i am duty—bound to proof that the citizens of _ anything, i am duty—bound to proof that the citizens of hong _ anything, i am duty—bound to proof that the citizens of hong kong - that the citizens of hong kong should — that the citizens of hong kong should not— that the citizens of hong kong should not live _ that the citizens of hong kong should not live in _ that the citizens of hong kong should not live in fear. - that the citizens of hong kong should not live in fear.- that the citizens of hong kong should not live in fear. hong kong was promised _ should not live in fear. hong kong was promised certain _ should not live in fear. hong kong was promised certain political- was promised certain political freedoms and for 50 years after the handover, july one march 2a years since the city was returned to china. but today, many fear that those freedoms are already being eroded. if the mission of the chinese communist party has always been to transform the impoverished lives of the chinese masses, but thatis lives of the chinese masses, but that is a project they received many setbacks under chairman mao under the long year political mismanagement in the 1980s. they entered a new era it was captured by a new generation of artists and photographers keen to bear witness
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to the huge social and economic changes now shaping the nation. my colleagues have spent time on the streets of beijing with one of the countries most acclaimed street photographers. he's been talking about the changes easing this as china has transformed itself from a developing economy into a global economic powerhouse. when he was a student and his father did from his first camera, he found his calling. soon, he was documenting china under the upheaval of breakneck development.
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china's communist party has produced some disastrous social experiments. mass starvation during the great leap forward, economic collapse in the cultural revolution and however,
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marshall dong's death led to xi jinping and the period of opening up. but china, he started observing that it was finally improving millions of peoples lives. under capitalism with chinese characteristics, there is an unspoken pact. people will not complain about the party as long as living standards keep improving. even a massive widening wealth gap can be ignored.
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he says ordinary people engulfed in the times are like leaves in the wind. and the wonders just what will appear in front of his linens in the years to come. —— linz. china has defied those who said it was impossible to open an economy without opening up its politics too. but for those watching nervously from places like taiwan, the prospect of a prosperous
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authoritarian, a communist party hundred years old with just unlimited resources to enforce its intolerance of dissent is a cause for concern, not a moment for celebration. hello. some torrential, thundery downpours in some spots going into this evening. the greatest chance of disruption from north wales across north midlands, northern england, northern ireland, much of scotland away from the far north—east but further showers possible just about anywhere to end the day and overnight further spells of rain across northern ireland, northern england, scotland. north wales, south wales, turning drier, clearer, along with much of southern england as we go into monday morning after a mild night. that does mean, at least here, there'll be some early morning sunshine. a lot of cloud across northern england, northern ireland and scotland to start the day.
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further outbreaks of rain, some heavy bursts within this as well. northern england turning drier, brighter, along with the rest of england and wales. there'll be some sunny spells around — feeling pleasant in those. the chance of catching a shower but many places staying dry. winds for the most part are light but strengthening, with another area of rain moving into south—west england as we go on through the afternoon. and this with wet and windier weather pushing in across england and wales overnight and into tuesday morning.
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england's footballers are back on home turf after their victory over the ukraine. hanging out the bunting, fans are already preparing for wednesday's semifinal against denmark. the for wednesday's semifinal against denmark. , ., for wednesday's semifinal against denmark. , . ., ., denmark. the year we have had, everybody _ denmark. the year we have had, everybodyjust — denmark. the year we have had, everybody just needed _ denmark. the year we have had, everybodyjust needed that - denmark. the year we have had, l everybodyjust needed that boost. hopefully, fingers crossed, we will io hopefully, fingers crossed, we will go ail— hopefully, fingers crossed, we will go all of— hopefully, fingers crossed, we will go all of the way. will hopefully, fingers crossed, we will go all of the way.— go all of the way. will the latest on england's — go all of the way. will the latest on england's training _ go all of the way. will the latest on england's training camp - go all of the way. will the latest on england's training camp in i on england's training camp in staffordshire. also tonight, the

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