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tv   Our World  BBC News  April 24, 2021 4:30am-5:01am BST

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the headlines: india's hospitals are reporting dangerously low oxygen levels and no empty beds as coronavirus cases reach record highs. there have been over 2200 deaths in the past 2a hours. prime minister marin andrew mooney says the government is trying to source additional supplies of oxygen —— narendra modi. united states says the single use johnson & johnson vaccine can usejohnson &johnson vaccine can be used again. experts have concluded there is likely to be an association of blood clots in the vaccine but the risk is very low. president emmanuel macron has said france will never kneel to terrorism. a tunisian man was shot dead. persecutors are carrying out an investigation.
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most of us are in for some glorious spring weather this weekend, so you may be thinking of entering into the great outdoors for a hike or a ramble. if so, you are being asked to stick to proper footpaths. adam mclean reports. this path is one of many in the lake district. we this path is one of many in the lake district.— lake district. we are repairing them for the _ lake district. we are repairing them for the benefit _ lake district. we are repairing them for the benefit of - lake district. we are repairing them for the benefit of the - them for the benefit of the environment, so we're stopping the damage to the vegetation and the wildlife year, and that is our main reason, for the work we're doing, to protect this scenery and environment. this route is one of the most popular in the lake district from those completing the 3—piece challenge to those taking up the highest point of england. taking up the highest point of encland. england. the pandemic has made people realise how _ england. the pandemic has made people realise how important - people realise how important the countryside is for their physical and mental wellbeing and health. so they're getting out of the countryside more and
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thatis out of the countryside more and that is absolutely great to see. but of course it has an impact on what's happening. this mountain is literally being worn away. this mountain is literally bein: worn awa . being worn away. repairing the ath being worn away. repairing the path needs _ being worn away. repairing the path needs heavy _ being worn away. repairing the path needs heavy machinery, i being worn away. repairing the path needs heavy machinery, a | path needs heavy machinery, a challenge for the team fixing the valves. we challenge for the team fixing the valves.— the valves. we realise that access for _ the valves. we realise that access for the _ the valves. we realise that access for the machines i the valves. we realise that access for the machines to | the valves. we realise that i access for the machines to do the restoration was tricky, well, impossible, to be honest. the only way to get the machine up the only way to get the machine up would be to take it apart, take it here, fade to the summit, and then rebuild it. == summit, and then rebuild it. -- fl it. summit, and then rebuild it. -- fly it- the _ summit, and then rebuild it. —— fly it. the work will repair five damaged sections of the path with equipment blown up by helicopter. path with equipment blown up by helico ter. , ., , helicopter. 0k, terry, ready to lift. helicopter. 0k, terry, ready to lift- lifting. — helicopter. 0k, terry, ready to lift. lifting, terry. _ lift. lifting, terry. —— flown up. lift. lifting, terry. -- flown u. �* lift. lifting, terry. -- flown u . _ �* ., lift. lifting, terry. -- flown up. after a short, four minutes late, the _ up. after a short, four minutes late, the equipment _ up. after a short, four minutes late, the equipment arrives - late, the equipment arrives here on the path to the top of schofield pike. these babies there will soon be a digger
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near the top of england's highest mountain. certainly around these _ highest mountain. certainly around these hills - highest mountain. certainly around these hills win - highest mountain. certainly around these hills win can l highest mountain. certainly i around these hills win can play around these hills win can play a big part of the aviation, turbulence, drafts. this helicopter can lift 1.2 tonnes, and that is right at its maximum. if we have any outside influences which may affect our performance, we have to be extremely careful, and certainly when we are working around people on the ground as well. �* ., w around people on the ground as well. �* ., , around people on the ground as well. �* ., ., well. and for those en'oying a walk, the i well. and for those en'oying a walk, the hard h well. and for those en'oying a walk, the hard work_ well. and for those enjoying a walk, the hard work didn't - well. and for those enjoying a walk, the hard work didn't go | walk, the hard work didn't go unnoticed. walk, the hard work didn't go unnoticed-— walk, the hard work didn't go unnoticed. , ., ~' unnoticed. eight being the work to maintain _ unnoticed. eight being the work to maintain the _ unnoticed. eight being the work to maintain the parts _ unnoticed. eight being the work to maintain the parts -- - unnoticed. eight being the work to maintain the parts -- i- to maintain the parts —— i think the work to maintain the path is fantastic because it makes it more accessible. you can see more _ makes it more accessible. you can see more of _ makes it more accessible. you can see more of the _ makes it more accessible. you can see more of the mountain and make good use of the panoramic feature on the phone camera — panoramic feature on the phone camera. it— panoramic feature on the phone camera. ., ~' , panoramic feature on the phone camera. . ~ , i. camera. it makes you feel so much safer— camera. it makes you feel so much safer going _ camera. it makes you feel so much safer going up - camera. it makes you feel so much safer going up this - camera. it makes you feel so much safer going up this sort of path. _ much safer going up this sort of path, compared _ much safer going up this sort of path, compared to- much safer going up this sort of path, compared to other. of path, compared to other mountain— of path, compared to other mountain paths _ of path, compared to other mountain paths which - of path, compared to other mountain paths which we l of path, compared to other. mountain paths which we have been _ mountain paths which we have
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been on. — mountain paths which we have been on. you _ mountain paths which we have been on, you feel— mountain paths which we have been on, you feel look- mountain paths which we have been on, you feel look —— - been on, you feel look —— looked _ been on, you feel look —— looked after. _ been on, you feel look —— looked after. [it— been on, you feel look -- looked after.— been on, you feel look -- looked after. it is hoped this work will _ looked after. it is hoped this work will help _ looked after. it is hoped this work will help preserve - looked after. it is hoped this work will help preserve the i work will help preserve the mountain for the future. adam mclean, bbc news. it is coming up to 4:35. now on bbc news: our world. under the cover of covid, the amazon, the greatest ecosystem on earth is under attack. deforestation is at levels not been for more than a decade. we meet the people on the frontline of the battle to the forest. , , . ., , , frontline of the battle to the forest. , . ., , , ., forest. the prospectors used to be scared _ forest. the prospectors used to be scared of— forest. the prospectors used to be scared of being _ forest. the prospectors used to be scared of being caught - forest. the prospectors used to be scared of being caught by i be scared of being caught by us, now that you're the president will protect them. and see the impact on the animals. the government is accused of encouraging the destruction.
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and i'm on a mission to contact some old friends, the members of the most threatened tribes in the world. their relatives have never had contact with civilisation. are they safe? are there precious trees still standing? —— their. two years ago, a right—wing ex— army officer became the president of brazil. jair bolsonaro had a clear agenda for the amazon and its people.
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this is the story of my attempt to find what his policy of opening up the amazon means for each tribe i first met a decade ago. this is a community that grew up a couple of decades ago, uncontacted. to go to the
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jungle and meet people who have onlyjust made contact with the modern world is quite extraordinary. this means hello, apparently. i thought there would be a huge chasm, a cultural gap between us, and we would struggle to understand each other. i'm happy. these people lived deep in the amazon rainforest, they are some of the last people on earth who still try to live as traditional hunter gatherers. nice village. ifelt traditional hunter gatherers. nice village. i felt they welcomed me. we felt we had a real connection together. i am not going to dress like you, no. this guy was probably my best buddy in the village. he was the one that instigated most of the jokes. towards the
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end we went on this big hunt for two or three hours. when we got back, everybody was really hot and sweaty. and they got to this lovely waterhole. i thought, yah, 0k, this lovely waterhole. i thought, yah, ok, i'll go swimming, it seemed direct to take my clothes off. then they played a trick on me, and it became clear there were trying to dress me like they dressed. you don't want to see it. you don't want to see it. it seemed they lived and ideally like. but when i asked my new friend about what life was like when he was growing up, i learnt just how traumatic things had been for the tribe.
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this community at that point had had no contact with the outside world. the first contact was with bloggers who had come into the forest to cut their trees and was willing to shoot the community to get them out of the way. —— loggers. you could hear, occasionally, chainsaws. that's how close they were. all too soon i had to leave. but this was a special time for the amazon. in 2012, the brazilian government made stopping the destruction of the rainforest a priority and rates of deforestation were falling dramatically. a few years later, i received an extraordinary invitation. after
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years of neglect, the brazilian government has finally decided... we are flying to a base camp outside and indigenous reserve. were going to go into the forest. it was like flying into a forward base in afghanistan or something. you just thought, hold on a second. the brazilian government really means business about protecting these people. when we went back to the village, i started seeing all these familiar faces. hey, hello. how are you? do you remember me? but the best one was my friend from before. hello! we went into his house and he came out with a bit of string and waved it in front of me. not again! i've been checked before! —— tricked.
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probably the most amazing moment of all for me was when the operation decided they wanted to show the awa what they had done. this man grew up uncontacted, now flying in a helicopter. he and a friend watched as government bulldozers destroyed the homes of farmers who had allegedly occupied the tribe's land and cut hundreds of hectares of trees. back at home, they wanted to tell the others what they had seen.
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it showed the brazilian government can protect the forest if it wants to. was hopeful for the future. but that hope was short—lived. soon after i left, brazil entered a time of political turmoil. deforestation started to rise again. the most dramatic increase came two years ago, when president bolsonaro took power. is the coronavirus reads through brazil, killing tens of thousands of people, brazil's environment minister had other
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issues on his mind, as this recording of a cabinet meeting reveals. translation: ~ ., ., reveals. translation: ., ., . translation: we have a chance at this moment _ translation: we have a chance at this moment when _ translation: we have a chance at this moment when the - translation: we have a chance| at this moment when the media's attention is almost exclusively on covid and not the amazon. he sa s. on covid and not the amazon. he says- wild _ on covid and not the amazon. he says. wild things _ on covid and not the amazon. he says. wild things are _ on covid and not the amazon. he says. wild things are quiet, i says. wild things are quiet, let's do it — says. wild things are quiet, let's do it all _ says. wild things are quiet, let's do it all at _ says. wild things are quiet, let's do it all at once i says. wild things are quiet, let's do it all at once and i let's do it all at once and change all the rules. there was a media storm. _ change all the rules. there was a media storm. minister- change all the rules. there was a media storm. minister silerl a media storm. minister siler subsequently claimed what he wanted was to simplify the existing rules. but after that meeting, he withdrew protection from some of the forested areas of brazil. and president bolsonaro's government certainly appears to be dismantling some of the structures that had succeeded in holding back destruction in the amazon. the environmental police force, is on the front of brazil's efforts to protect the forest. but some officers say they aren't getting the support from the president that they need. one of them agreed to speak to us anonymously.
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translation:— to speak to us anonymously. translation: , ,., translation: over never seen so many illegal— translation: over never seen so many illegal goldmines. _ translation: over never seen so many illegal goldmines. the i many illegal goldmines. the price of gold is higher than ever. the perspectives used to be scared, now the feel the president will protect them —— prospectors. in places where we didn't have incidents in the past, now loggers, prospectors and rioters are there. an officer got hit with a bottle. the police are loyal to the president. are used to give security to operations. the brazilian — security to operations. the brazilian government admits some local issues have withdrawn protection for environmental officers, that says this is not official policy. it has become guerrilla
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warfare. thejob is getting more and more risky. people are stopping from doing ourjob and they feel they have the support from the government. we they feel they have the support from the government.- from the government. we have 'ust from the government. we have just landed _ from the government. we have just landed a — from the government. we have just landed a helicopter- from the government. we have just landed a helicopter and i just landed a helicopter and the officers are going over to the officers are going over to the drug which clearly has freshly cut logs on it. —— truck. it is different from how things used to buy. i have been on a number ofjungle rates with the environmental police. the most impressive was we flew with this female officer. —— jungle raids. to raid an illegal sawmill. we found the account books.
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look at this... so they have the total value, a700 and a fee of 200 to pay the police, leaving them with a500 so this is extraordinary. this book is like the diary of the business and we have payments to policeman, we have how much money they are putting in the bank — and it is a lot of money, £20,000, $30,000 they are making here stop it was obvious that the guy with the money had run and left the little guys behind. i remember talking to one of the little guys about what it was like. at the end i remember saying to her, what are you going to do now and she said, you cannot
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leave it like this. she is going to burn it down. it was obvious that ibama had the weight of the law behind them. when we got to places where illegal activity was happening, people were generally frightened. burning the equipment used for deforestation has always been a key tactic, says our whistleblower. ., . , , whistleblower. normally they esca -e whistleblower. normally they escape when _ whistleblower. normally they escape when they _ whistleblower. normally they escape when they hear- whistleblower. normally they escape when they hear the i escape when they hear the helicopter so we cannot
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prosecute them. the most effective strategy to stop deforestation is to destroy their expensive. hat deforestation is to destroy their expensive. not anymore according _ their expensive. not anymore according to _ their expensive. not anymore according to the _ their expensive. not anymore according to the brazilian i according to the brazilian president. despite what president bolsonaro says, when we asked the government, they said the rules on burning equipment have not changed but funds have been cut. this environmental police received its lowest budget ever and because deforestation is so high, germany and norway say they will not pay for its helicopters and vehicles anymore. that and the challenges of the coronavirus pandemic explain why, when we spoke, there were no
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environmental police patrolling the amazon. it environmental police patrolling the amazon-— the amazon. it is a first time this has ever _ the amazon. it is a first time this has ever happened. i the amazon. it is a first time | this has ever happened. none the amazon. it is a first time i this has ever happened. none of us are out in the field. last ear, us are out in the field. last year. 4200 _ us are out in the field. last year, 4200 square - us are out in the field. last year, 4200 square miles i us are out in the field. lasti year, 4200 square miles of year, a200 square miles of forest was cleared — a 12 year high. those involved in illegal deforestation often believe the government will parted their actions. — — pardon. it is notjust the amazon under attack, the neighbouring wetland is burning as well. last year, 50,000 is of this unique ecosystem was lost in the biggest failures ever
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recorded. this woman has a charity that tried to rescue wildlife during the failures. —— fire. a source in the environmental police told us the government ordered them not to attend the fires. the resilient government describes these claims as lies.
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once the trees had been cleared, the land is often used for farming. cleared, the land is often used forfarming— for farming. ibama could red-handed, _ for farming. ibama could l
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red-handed, deforestation for farming. ibama could i red-handed, deforestation that red—handed, deforestation that killed the wildlife, especially the babies who do not have time to escape. the babies who do not have time to escape-— to escape. there used to be assessed — to escape. there used to be assessed system _ to escape. there used to be assessed system where i to escape. there used to be i assessed system where farmers got in illegal activities like this would be blacklisted making it harderfor them to sell their produce and to get loans. . , ., loans. the farmers who were found deforest _ loans. the farmers who were found deforest thing, i loans. the farmers who were found deforest thing, would| loans. the farmers who were i found deforest thing, would put on a list whereby buyers will be able to check. but since last year, they have been some major changes that make it harder for people to enter the blacklist. .. harder for people to enter the blacklist. ., .. blacklist. the government told this programme _ blacklist. the government told this programme the _ blacklist. the government told this programme the system i blacklist. the government told this programme the system of| this programme the system of fines and is obsolete and ineffective and is being modernised. but it makes it hard for buyers to check that agricultural products are deforestation free and all the while business has been booming
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for amazon farmers. but the reason still some resistance to president bolsonaro.— reason still some resistance to president bolsonaro. through my professional— president bolsonaro. through my professional life _ president bolsonaro. through my professional life i _ president bolsonaro. through my professional life i was _ professional life i was consulted in the chamber of deputies. consulted in the chamber of deputies-— consulted in the chamber of deuties. , ., . , deputies. this woman helped write the environmental- deputies. this woman helped write the environmental laws| write the environmental laws that underpin brazilian efforts to tackle deforestation.
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the brazilian government told the bbc it believes it is necessary to bring economic disparity to the amazon. poverty is the biggest enemy of the environment, spokesperson told us. i cannot travel to the amazon because of the pandemic but i did manage to get in touch with my friend who sent me these pictures and recorded a message... and experts wawrinka the amazon ecosystem itself is changing. —— experts worry. brute
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ecosystem itself is changing. -- experts worry. we understood that amazon _ -- experts worry. we understood that amazon was _ -- experts worry. we understood that amazon was much _ -- experts worry. we understood that amazon was much more i that amazon was much more resilient and there is a tipping point that if a0% of the amazon was lost but now it is closer to 20% and we already are at those figures. it appears to be becoming less rainy and the fear is the forest could begin to give way to grassland and the fortunes of the people who live in the jungle are also in the balance. to my astonishment, footage is released that shows some people living uncontacted in the remaining islands of trees. local people patrol the forest in an effort to protect them from the loggers.
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the locals normally do not feel out of respect. they decided to release this footage because the situation has become so critical, they want to highlight the danger these last remaining tribal people are in. this is an astonishing glimpse of one of the last people on earth who lives outside of what we call civilisation. we will probably never know his name but my friend told me what it was like when he lived like this. it is a life, he told me,
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of constant fear. hello. the weekend gets off to a chilly start, though not as cold as recent mornings. still a patchy rural frost around, a few mist and fog patches in eastern england and some areas of cloud in scotland and into north—east england, and the cloud thickening in shetland with a bit of light rain. but for most areas, it'll be another day of unbroken sunshine. it will feel cooler along the north sea coasts with a breeze coming in from the sea, whereas across western parts in the sunshine, every bit as warm as it's been over the past couple of days — 19, even 20 degrees celsius in a few spots. overnight and into sunday, we start to bring in more cloud from the north sea here into particularly parts
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of england and wales. there could be a few mist and fog patches around, just pockets of rural frost going into sunday. and then on sunday, more cloud certainly for england and wales. parts of scotland, too, breaking to allow some sunny spells. easternmost spots in england could stay rather cloudy with a chance of a light shower. an isolated heavy shower in highland scotland can't be ruled out. lots of sunshine in northern ireland. all parts a bit cooler. says this is not official policy.
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a very warm welcome to you. this is bbc news. i'm mark lobel. india's healthcare system buckles, as a record surge in covid cases puts pressure on hospital beds and life—saving supplies — we have a special report from the frontline. us regulators lift the suspension on the single dosejohnson &johnson vaccine, saying benefits far outweigh any potential risks. president macron says france will never yield to islamist terrorism, after a man fatally stabs a woman police clerk near paris. the reality tv star and transgender activist, caitlynjenner, says she's going to run to be governor of california. and we hear from the swimmer who's set a high—altitude

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