this is bbc news. i'm lukwesa burak with the latest headlines for viewers in the uk and around the world. india's health care system buckles, as a record surge in covid cases puts pressure on hospital beds and life—saving supplies. we have a special report from the front line. if oxygen runs out, there is no leeway for many patients. time is running out to save the crew of an indonesian submarine, who've been missing since wednesday. from close ally to bitter critic — dominic cummings launches an explosive attack on borisjohnson, accusing the prime minister of lacking integrity. a new malaria vaccine is hailed as a potential breakthrough, as early trials prove it to be 77% effective.
and as hollywood gets ready for the oscars, we head to the desert to talk to the real—life nomads from one of this year's best picture contenders. hello and welcome to audiences in the uk and around the world. we're covering all the latest coronavirus developments here in britain and globally. we start in india, where the situation is critical, as the health care system struggles to cope with a surge in coronavirus patients. for two days running, the country has seen a record number of new cases — in the past 2a hours alone, 330,000 new infections. hospitals are full and oxygen
is in short supply. 0ur delhi correspondent yogita limaye got access to the emergency ward of one hospital. her report contains distressing scenes from the start. the front line — an emergency room in a covid hospital, just about standing under the weight of an unfolding disaster. a patient who's hardly breathing is brought in. as nurses try to get him to respond, there's another person, even more critical. this woman rushes to help. so many like her are putting in all they can. they couldn't revive him. to get past the shortage of beds, they've packed
in stretchers, wheelchairs, as many as they can. but the first line of treatment against covid—19 is oxygen. and they've almost run out. at this point, there was just one hour of supply left. the staff knows how many lives hang in the balance. people are being turned away, but they don't know where they'll find oxygen or a bed. manura bibi was taken in for a short while to stabilise her. "we've already been to five hospitals. "where will poor people like us go?", her nephew asks. but this hospital is so on the brink, they have to leave. the intensive care unit is full, too. there are next to no icu beds
in a city of 20 million. these are patients in a critical condition. it's unthinkable, unimaginable, that one would think of them as better off in any way, but it's the reality of what we're seeing in india. people in an icu have won the first battle, to be here. between seeing his patients, the doctor, constantly on calls. back—up, another couple of hours. so, we are struggling, we are struggling... he's desperately trying to get more oxygen. we are running out of oxygen. the whole country is running out of oxygen, 0k? the city is, we are, everybody is, ok? so, please focus on that, please. you're doing a fantastic job otherwise, 0k? please. 0k, all of you remember that. if oxygen runs out, there is no leeway for many patients. there is no leeway — they will die. day after day, the staff work here, knowing full well that if their families get sick, even they will struggle to find medical care.
there is helplessness and anger. the government in some ways has failed in estimating what was going to happen, the needs that would arise if the numbers started rising. there was a sense of preparation for the earlier surge which seems to have disappeared in between. and they did things which were totally unacceptable, allowing large, huge gatherings, which was totally u na cce pta ble. they believed we had vanquished the virus. some oxygen arrives a bit later, but it can only last a few hours. then the struggle begins again. yogita limaye, bbc news, delhi. the crisis in india has highlighted how parts of the world are struggling with second, third and even fourth waves — while many european countries have the virus under control.
the availabiliity of vaccines is a key factor, —— the availability of vaccines. as our health correspondent catherine burns reports. india's being called a devastating reminder of what the virus can do. they're burning bodies in mass cremations, volunteers helping with funeral ceremonies. it's been another record day of cases after a dramatic spike over recent weeks. there are almost 20 times more cases now than at the start of march, but around the world, across that time, numbers have been rising. in turkey, it's six times more. in argentina, cases have gone up four times. for iran, it's three times bigger. and in germany, they're about to start another lockdown because numbers there have more than doubled. it's not good enough to say that inequity is just the way the world is. it's not ok that people
just like you and me die when we have the tools that could save them. this map shows how vaccines have been rolled out around the world. it starts off white before any doses are given. as you can see, the united kingdom is one of the first countries to change colour, to light blue. now, the darker the colour, the more people have been vaccinated. soon, the united states and other countries follow as almost a billion doses are given out globally, but not everywhere. the lightest bits of the map, like huge chunks of africa, are either countries where they haven't recorded any data or have vaccinated less than 0.2% of the population. and let's just take the darkest blue bits — the places where more than 20% of people have been vaccinated. you can see how uneven the spread is. science is only good if you get it to society, and that society, i'm afraid, with a global pandemic, is the global society, and we need to get those
diagnostics, those treatments, those vaccines, critically, to countries around the world. it's enlightened self—interest. that's notjust because it's the ethical thing to do as we enjoy new freedoms. when virus levels are high, the more likely it is to mutate, and the worry is that new variants could make vaccines less effective. catherine burns, bbc news. there are fears oxygen supplies have run out on an indonesian submarine that went missing off the coast of bali on wednesday. search teams from a number of countries are trying to find the vessel, which has 53 people on board. the indonesian authorities previously warned it had enough oxygen to last until the early hours of saturday morning, but there's still no sign of the submarine. bryan clark is a former us navy officer with experience in maritime searches. he says it's becoming clear the race to find
the stricken vessel could move from being a rescue to a recovery mission. normally at this point in a submarine rescue effort, you would have tried to hear some noise from a submarine that would indicate the people inside are trying to be found and that they're active and still alive. we're not getting any of that right now. the area in which they're searching for the submarine is itself a relatively large area but it's confined enough that with passive sonar, that should've been able to detect some noise coming from the submarine and we haven't heard anything yet. so the searchers are going to be having to look for the submarine using essentially active sonar searches along the bottom, like bottom surveys, like we've done for previous airline disasters. and as you know from those, it's taken weeks or months to find any debris on the sea floor, so it's a very hard problem to search for something on the sea floor. and if the submarine�*s not making noise, they're forced into that approach. also, the crew only had enough oxygen to get them through the late hours today, and also the problem of carbon dioxide removal is an issue as well. and so between the measures they have on board, as well as the back—up measures they've got with chemical removal systems or oxygenation systems, they probably will have run out of oxygen
by the end of today. that was bryan clark. dominic cummings, a former chief adviser to borisjohnson, has launched a blistering attack on the uk's prime minister on a number of fronts, after reports that he'd played a part in leaking text messages betweenjohnson and the businessman sirjames dyson. the bbc�*s deputy political editor vicki young has more. and a warning — her report contains flashing images. he left downing street last november, and he hasn't gone quietly. dominic cummings was once the prime minister's closest adviser, but accused by anonymous number 10 sources of leaking sensitive material, he's launched a ferocious attack on his old boss and those around them. earlier this week, the bbc published text messages between boris johnson and businessman sirjames dyson. in a blog post, mr cummings denied being the leaker and said he'd show senior
officials his phone to prove it. this evening, mrjohnson fended off questions. i don't think people care. what they care about is... that's not really an answer. ..what was i doing back in march of last year. and people have attacked me for that. but did you finger him as the source of that leak? i don't think people give a monkey's, to be frank, about, you know, who's briefing what to who. mr cummings has plenty more to get off his chest. the prime minister and his fiancee, carrie symonds, live in a flat in downing street. reports have been swirling about an expensive refurb, and mr cummings claims there were question marks over who'd pay for it. he says... a number 10 spokesperson says the government and ministers have acted in accordance with codes of conduct and electoral law on donations. now cast your mind back to last autumn. the decision to have a second lockdown in england was leaked
and an inquiry launched to find out who'd done it. mr cummings said borisjohnson considered stopping that investigation when evidence pointed to one of carrie symonds�* friends. tonight, number 10 said the prime minister had never interfered in a government leak inquiry, but labour says there needs to be full transparency about everything that's gone on. now we've got number 10 officials fighting like ratsi in a sack about who's to blame rather than how— to put things right. and to top it off, really - serious allegations levelled against the prime minister- himself by dominic cummings. i think we now need - an independent investigation into those allegations. government advisers see and hear a lot of sensitive information. mr cummings has gone public with his version of events, and downing street must decide
how hard to fight back. vicki young, bbc news, westminster. france's national anti—terrorist prosecutor has taken charge of an inquiry into the fatal stabbing of a policewoman near paris. police officers shot dead the tunisian attacker, after he stabbed her in the throat at the entrance of a police station in rambouillet, south—west of the capital. the british socialite ghislaine maxwell has appeared in court in new york on new charges of sex trafficking. it's herfirst apperance in person since her arrest last year. she's accused of helping the convicted paedophile jeffrey epstein recruit, groom and sexually abuse girls. ms maxwell pleaded not guilty. do stay with us here on bbc news. still to come: the foreign policy challenges facing joe biden, as he seeks to re—establish the role
of the us on the world stage. the stars and stripes at half—mast outside columbine high — the school sealed off, the bodies of the dead still inside. i never thought that they would actually go through with it. one of the most successful singer—songwriters of all—time, the american pop star prince, has died at the age of 57. ijust couldn't believe it. i didn't believe it. he wasjust here saturday. for millions of americans, the death of richard nixon in a new york hospital has meant conflicting emotions — a national day of mourning next wednesday sitting somehow uneasily with the abiding memories at the shame of watergate. and lift—off of the space shuttle discovery, with
the hubble space telescope, our window on the universe. welcome back. you're watching bbc news. and a reminder of our top story today. india's health care system buckles, as a record surge in covid cases puts pressure on hospital beds and life—saving supplies. when he took office, president biden said he wanted to re—establish the us�*s role on the world stage. injune, he's due to take his first overseas trip for the g7 summit being held in the uk. that will be followed by a nato summit in brussels, amid rising tensions with china and russia. our world affairs editor john simpson has this assessment of the challenge facing the us president. gunshot 0n russia's border with ukraine, confrontation suddenly
turns into open warfare, but does russia really intend to invade, given that ukraine has the backing of america and europe? 5000 miles away, a chinese air force video shows theirjets racing across the sea near taiwan, the island which broke away from communist china in 1949. the question is — will china actually invade? what links russia's moves on ukraine and china's moves on taiwan? it's this man. joe biden is hugely experienced in foreign affairs, but america isn't any longer the power it once was. the kremlin is very clearly trying to test the new us administration. the massive build—up in ukraine's east, this is very much for the biden administration. putin made that very clear in his annual
speech that he delivered to the russian people earlier this week, where he said there will be severe consequences for any western power that crosses so—called red lines. there are worrying possibilities. the leading russian dissident alexei navalny, recently sentenced to two and a half years' jail, has announced he's his hunger strike, but he's still very ill. supposing he dies? the way vladimir putin's opponents have been murdered has been strongly attacked by president biden, for instance, last month on abc news. so you know vladimir putin, you think he's a killer? mm—hm, i do. nowadays russia and china, though they do have their differences, are combining to show up american�*s weakness, with china's president xi jinping a senior partner. that's what the crises in ukraine and taiwan are all about. rana mitter is professor
of chinese politics at oxford university. i think a war between the united states and china in the region is extremely unlikely. some people have started using the expression, not cold war, but "hot peace" to describe what's going on, and i think that's rather good, because i think there will be lots of blow—ups in the region in terms of rhetoric and even confrontations that come near to becoming problematic. "hot peace" is a useful description. sometimes, as we've just been seeing over climate change, it suits america, russia and china to cooperate, but mostly we can expect a lot more confrontation to come. john simpson, bbc news. a malaria vaccine has proved to be 77% effective in early trials and could be a major breakthrough against the disease. malaria kills at least 400,000 people a year,
most of those children across sub—saharan africa. but despite many vaccines being trialled over the years, this is actually the first to meet the required target. the bbc�*s rhoda 0dhiambo reports. the news out of this lab could save thousands of lives. for the past year, researchers at this institute outside of 0uagadougou have been testing r2i, a potential vaccine against malaria. it is amazing, because in this world, we have never seen a malaria vaccine that is so high—level. so, for me, i think this is really the success story of my life. burkina faso was chosen for the study because of the high number of malaria cases, especially among children. other african countries face similar challenges. there is a lot of investment in malaria control in africa,
in burkina faso, everywhere, but so far, cases are still high. and, of course, with the vaccine, that can reduce these cases by 70%. of course, we will be very close to end the malaria in africa. malaria is one of the leading causes of child mortality in africa, and more than 400,000 people worldwide died from the disease in 2019. african countries and international donors have invested billions into eradicating it, but recent progress has stalled. a previous vaccine released in 2015 took nearly 30 years to develop and is less than 50% effective. r21 is potentially much more effective and could also be cheaper. the cost of a single dose will be pegged at less than $3 us. the new vaccine was developed in conjunction with thejenner institute at oxford university.
the team there will move to phase three trials next. thousands of people in burkina faso, mali, kenya and tanzania will participate. traditionally, it would take two or three or four or even five years to get approval after you start your phase three trial. during that time, we know hundreds of thousands of african children are going to die every year. is there therefore not a case for an emergency use approval of a malaria vaccine, in the same way that african regulators have approved emergency use authorisation of the covid vaccines? if approved, roll—out could begin quickly. the world's largest vaccine manufacturer, the serum institute of india, has already agreed to manufacture 200 million doses. it could have a huge impact on malaria across the world. rhoda 0dhiambo, bbc news, nairobi. the reality tv star
and transgender activist caitlynjenner has said she intends to run for governor of the us state of california. in a statement on social media, the former athlete said she would provide californians with a road map back to prosperity. the 71—year—old long—time republican is hoping to unseat the democratic governor, gavin newsom, who is facing a recall bid over charges of mishandling the state's coronavirus response. well, the academy awards are taking place this weekend in la. one of the frontrunners for best picture is nomadland, with six 0scar nominations. 0ur west coast correspondent sophie long has been out to the nevada desert to meet some of america's real nomads. nomadland is the story of one widow's journey through grief and the american west. but it's a story that
resonates with many who dwell in the vans that dot the desert landscape here. it's kind of simpatico with fern�*s story. my husband died, and we don't have kids. so ijust sold everything and just thought i would travel for a little bit and fell in love with it. and i can't see me living a different way now. grief is not uncommon amongst the nomad community. my daughter had passed away from brain cancer. and somehow ijust intuitively knew that i needed to hit the road, even though that's something i had never done in my entire life. some are here through choice, others through necessity. together they form a community of freedom—lovers who want to camp alone, alongside others. we not only accept - the tyranny of the dollar... bob wells was forced into it after divorce devastated him economically. but he fell in love with it, and now teaches others to do the same, as well as playing himself in a film with six 0scar nominations. it was amazing.
the thing that really stands out to me is how well- they captured the nomadic life. every detail of it is spot on. none of it is fake or. hollywood—ised in any way, shape or form. it's really, really accurate. acutely accurate and emotional for those who have travelled the same path through pain to healing. was it difficult for you to watch? mm—hm. yeah. but in a good way. we both started our journeys similarly. and she's so happy. and i'm so happy. why does that make me cry? i don't know! but, like, i think that's the best part of it, it just shows joy through it. most of us in this lifestyle use a five—gallon bucket. it also made stars of nomads who helped a female director make history. it didn't feel like we were subjects to be filmed. we were people who had a story to tell. i'm so happy
for the film—makers. and i'm happy for us. i mean, like i said, i think itjust shows our heart and the reality of this lifestyle. sarah meg has a condition which presents extra challenges when living in a car in a desert that isn't paved. i finally saw my life | on a regular movie. and i wasjust like, "0h,j my gosh, that's so weird and so neat," because people don't normally see _ the beauty of this life. they don't see the landscapes and the animals and _ the beautiful places. that we get to camp. and i love that the movie - nomadland showed all of that beauty, because that's why we do this _ that's why i do it. nomadland is dedicated to those finding joy in a journey, the ones that had to depart. and don't ever say a final goodbye. i let-sjust say. — "i'll see you down the road." sophie long, bbc news,
the nevada desert. you're watching bbc news. hello. wales reached 21 degrees on friday. scotland had its highest temperature of the year so farat 20. and after a warm, sunny start to the weekend, it will turn a little cooler and cloudier as the weekend goes on, especially in eastern areas. it's still largely dry throughout with high pressure here, but the flow of air around that as the weekend goes on will become more of a pronounced easterly across the uk, with that cooler air starting to move in and more cloud, especially by sunday and especially in the east, as we'll see in a moment. another chilly morning to kick off the weekend, but not as cold as recent mornings, though still there will be a patchy, mainly rural frost around and temperatures head up in the morning sunshine quite quickly. 0nce any early mist and fog patches clear away from eastern england, and there will be
a bit of rain for parts of scotland, especially the east and into north east england. but for most areas, it's a day of unbroken sunshine once again. shetland, though, turning cloudy with a chance of a little light rain. it will be a cooler day along north sea coasts with a breeze off the sea, but in western areas of the sunshine, every bit as warm as friday, 19, perhaps 20 degrees again. and there will be moderate to high pollen levels and moderate to high uv as well. now we are expecting more cloud to arrive as we go after dark on saturday night. just filtering in here from the east, particularly into parts of england and wales. there could be a few mist and fog patches around, too. although temperatures again are a little bit higher as we start sunday morning, still the odd touch of frost in the countryside can't be ruled out. and then on sunday, don't be surprised to have some cloud, particularly across parts of england and in fact cloud in scotland breaking to allow sunny spells. though parts of eastern england could stay rather cloudy with a chance of a light shower and an isolated heavy shower in highland scotland can't be ruled out. more of us noticing that
easterly breeze quite gusty through the channel, channel islands and south west england as it's been for the past few days. and quite chilly around that north sea coast, cooler elsewhere but still up to 17 in western counties of northern ireland. into next week, and high pressure giving way to low pressure and that brings a chance anyway of a little rain moving southwards monday into tuesday. doesn't look like it's going to amount to very much, but starts a week which while likely it'll be cooler than average once again with a chance again for a few showers, but not enough to stop this being one of the driest aprils we've known.
this is bbc news, the headlines... a surge of coronavirus cases in india has left the country's health care system reeling. amid reports of hospital patients dying due to oxygen shortages, the indian prime minister says the government is trying to boost the supply of life—saving oxygen to hospitals which are struggling to save patients. there are fears oxygen supplies have run out on an indonesian submarine that went missing off the coast of bali on wednesday. search teams from a number of countries are trying to find the vessel, which has 53 people on board. the former chief adviser to borisjohnson has accused the uk prime minister of falling below the standards of competence and integrity the country deserves. dominic cummings claimed mrjohnson tried to stop an inquiry into leaks, in case it implicated a friend of his fiancee, carrie symonds. downing street denies
the allegations. now on bbc news — the death of george floyd in minneapolis in may 2020 sparked a public outcry that swept across america and the world. after weeks of closely—watched testimony, thejury has reached a verdict on the former police officer charged with killing george floyd. nada tawfik reports on the outcome and the impact of one of the most important trials america has ever witnessed. a warning, this programme contains distressing images. what's his name? george floyd! the death of george floyd in minneapolis last may sparked a public outcry that swept across america and the world. no racist police! black lives matter! the horrific events caught