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tv   Americas Place in the World  BBC News  April 11, 2021 10:30am-11:01am BST

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this is bbc news, with me, ben brown, the headlines: services are taking place today in honour of prince philip as the country observes a week of official mourning. the archbishop of canterbury, justin welby, will lead today's services — he's also expected to officiate at prince philip's funeral next saturday. meanwhile prince charles has paid a heartfelt tribute to his father. my dear papa was a very special person who i think, above all else, would have been amazed by the reaction and the touching things that have been said about him. in other news today: new details have emerged about the scale of government lobbying involving the former prime minster, david cameron. the easing of lockdown in england: non—essential shops will reopen tomorrow for the first time in more than three months.
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now on bbc news, president biden claims "america is back". suzanne kianpour reports on the team the president has tasked with tackling recent fresh crises, and the challenges they face. president biden is back. the world says it will meet a very different president from what it meant a few months ago. and america great a starkly
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different world as well with a whole host of challenges. climate change and a stalemate. all while the world grapples with a global pandemic that knows no bounds. many believe the biggest influence will come from china. joe biden is flexing america's military muscles and the ten year civil war in syria is a stain on the global community. on day one i sign the paperwork to rejoin the paris climate agreement. but it has raised
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concerns in some quarters. he has given away a storm and we get nothing in return. some fear it means a return to the obama era. on his desk sits a thick portfolio of foreign—policy tasks and how will the bring america back? even before joe biden assumed the mantle of the presidency of the united states he set a new tone for american foreign policy when his top picks to deliver his decision with a trusted team owned by years of working side by side including white house press secretary, all key figures in obama
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the obama administration. now they are back. this man has been training to be diplomatic chief since childhood and his father was a diplomat and stepfather a of the holocaust. it's personalfor him. his fluent french comes from not bringing split between new york and paris. now we have to proceed with equal measures and humility and confidence. david miliband was british foreign secretary when lincoln was national security adviser to then vice presidentjoe biden. they know the world and have
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it as part of their dna. the? biden. they know the world and have it as part of their dna.— it as part of their dna. they know that the economic _ it as part of their dna. they know that the economic balance - it as part of their dna. they know that the economic balance of- it as part of their dna. they know that the economic balance of the l that the economic balance of the world has changed and this is not a world has changed and this is not a world that america can click its fingers and get what it wants. they are a global community who like each other and are not intensely competitive with each other and is very rare at the high levels of central american administration and who have this kind of camaraderie that i think will make them particularly effective team. he is a long—term colleague of lincoln and they played in a band together and played in the same soccer team. they also served in the state department when lincoln was deputy. he says
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already he has seen a change, particularly in early statements on china. can the keeput up? competition with a great power like china is not resolved in a matter of weeks. enterthe china is not resolved in a matter of weeks. enter the white house press secretary, the voice of the administration in charge of messaging at the policies ofjoe biden. she is a former colleague from the obama administration. she always listens and takes recommendations from the experts. she is very easy to work with and gregarious. she she is very easy to work with and gregarious-_ she is very easy to work with and gregarious-— gregarious. she is fast becoming known for her _ gregarious. she is fast becoming known for her exacting _ gregarious. she is fast becoming known for her exacting and - gregarious. she is fast becoming known for her exacting and fast l known for her exacting and fast communication style. i don't have anything more for you. i don't appreciate what putting watson my mouth. that she cut her teeth in
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this building before moving in to become president obama by most medications director. i travelled with her as part of the diplomatic press corps. she was friendly but firm and run a tight ship? we intend to very directly communicate with iran about the humanitarian disaster thatis iran about the humanitarian disaster that is the unlawful detention of american citizens. he is a state department aluminised. the former story and payments that knows him from his time in office. he says he is a force to be reckoned with. he has no intellectual slouch. you can put up in a public debate. and had the most logical approach.
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he does want to approach authoritarian leaders, authoritarian regimes with a tough face. he is not afraid of that.— afraid of that. they will lead the char: e afraid of that. they will lead the charge for _ afraid of that. they will lead the charge forjoe — afraid of that. they will lead the charge forjoe biden _ afraid of that. they will lead the charge forjoe biden in - afraid of that. they will lead the charge forjoe biden in the - afraid of that. they will lead the l charge forjoe biden in the world. charge forjoe biden in the world. they are passionate americans and passionate about america does not place in the world, and the reboot needs to be undertaken. can place in the world, and the reboot needs to be undertaken.— needs to be undertaken. can joe biden's new _ needs to be undertaken. can joe biden's new foreign _ needs to be undertaken. can joe biden's new foreign policy - needs to be undertaken. can joe biden's new foreign policy team | biden�*s new foreign policy team bring prestige and power back, and what will that look like? in these fracture times it depends on who you ask. mike pompeo is worried. i fear that when he _ ask. mike pompeo is worried. i fear that when he says _ ask. mike pompeo is worried. i fear that when he says america - ask. mike pompeo is worried. i fear that when he says america is - ask. mike pompeo is worried. i fe— that when he says america is back ask. mike pompeo is worried. i tie— that when he says america is back a means back to the eight built years of president obama's foreign policy, whether that was the ridiculous iran nuclear deal or the paris climate records or the complete appeasement of the chinese communist party. those are places you want to go back
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to. there are places that the american people demand that president trump and administration take it away from. i hope whenjoe biden talks about going back, that is not what he is thinking about. the former polish foreign minister is familiar withjoe biden's team. yes, it is back because america was beginning to behave, i don't want to overstate it, but instead of the world's placement, which is to say a force for law and order, was behaving under trump as the world's opportunist. now america is back as the leader of the free world, and thatis the leader of the free world, and that is a good thing.— the leader of the free world, and that is a good thing. where exactly should america _ that is a good thing. where exactly should america be _ that is a good thing. where exactly should america be exercising - that is a good thing. where exactly should america be exercising that l should america be exercising that leadership? almost everyone we spoke to for this programme agreed that the central international issue for president biden is the rise of
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china. how can the us repair how it is seen around the world? i china. how can the us repair how it is seen around the world?— is seen around the world? i think that question _ is seen around the world? i think that question is _ is seen around the world? i think that question is basically - is seen around the world? i think that question is basically chinese propaganda. the chinese communist party want you to believe that america is in decline. that's nonsense. this is a strong nation with deep democratic institutions. the china challenge is probably the biggest _ the china challenge is probably the biggest faced by any us administration since the second world _ administration since the second world war. the balance of power is slowly _ world war. the balance of power is slowly but — world war. the balance of power is slowly but steadily shifting towards beijing _ slowly but steadily shifting towards beijing. the 20 20s are described as the decade _ beijing. the 20 20s are described as the decade of living dangerously in terms _ the decade of living dangerously in terms of— the decade of living dangerously in terms of china —— us relations, because — terms of china —— us relations, because when you start to achieve parity _ because when you start to achieve parity between the states on the economy, — parity between the states on the economy, technology, the military, then you _ economy, technology, the military, then you have much more volatility in their_ then you have much more volatility in their behaviour towards one anothen — in their behaviour towards one another. ~ , . another. with china's influence scrollina another. with china's influence scrolling beyond _ another. with china's influence scrolling beyond its _ another. with china's influence scrolling beyond its borders, i another. with china's influence l scrolling beyond its borders, that volatility has the potential to send
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shock waves around the globe. kevin rudd, who has bet china's later on many occasions, believes he is a man in a hurry. ihis many occasions, believes he is a man in a hur . , many occasions, believes he is a man inahur . , ., in a hurry. his doctrine on china's foreian in a hurry. his doctrine on china's foreign policy _ in a hurry. his doctrine on china's foreign policy is _ in a hurry. his doctrine on china's foreign policy is to _ in a hurry. his doctrine on china's foreign policy is to push - in a hurry. his doctrine on china's foreign policy is to push hard - in a hurry. his doctrine on china's foreign policy is to push hard and| foreign policy is to push hard and fast and far in the assertion of chinese interests and values, whereas trump, his administration were indifferent to most of that in his america first strategy. this administration, because it is anchored in gs alliances, is much more likely and intends to roll back against that. find more likely and intends to roll back against that-— against that. and some, like president — against that. and some, like president trump _ against that. and some, like president trump 's - against that. and some, like president trump 's deputy i against that. and some, like - president trump 's deputy national president trump �*s deputy national security adviser for middle eastern and north african affairs, see china's and in a recent hotspot, burma. ., �* ., , ., ., ., burma. right now burma is a ma'or headache. you d burma. right now burma is a ma'or headache. you have i burma. right now burma is a ma'or headache. you have their �* burma. right now burma is a major headache. you have their previous. headache. you have their previous ruling literary gents are coming back into power and dispersing what
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there was of a democratic government. that is a huge problem. i think that is a chinese action and china is going to be the major headache. china is going to be the ma'or reattached china is going to be the ma'or headache. ~ ., , , ., ., headache. mitt romney is a former reublican headache. mitt romney is a former republican presidential _ headache. mitt romney is a former republican presidential nominee i headache. mitt romney is a former l republican presidential nominee who sits on the senate's foreign relations committee. he is concerned about the treatment of muslims in chinese internment camps. i had a aood chat chinese internment camps. i had a good chat with _ chinese internment camps. i had a good chat with the _ chinese internment camps. i had a good chat with the secretary - chinese internment camps. i had a good chat with the secretary of. good chat with the secretary of state and i believe he understands that this is the challenge of the next few decades, which is how to get china to take a different course than they have been taking. hagar get china to take a different course than they have been taking. how can america work — than they have been taking. how can america work with _ than they have been taking. how can america work with a _ than they have been taking. how can america work with a country - than they have been taking. how can america work with a country that - than they have been taking. how can america work with a country that is l america work with a country that is carrying out crimes against humanity?— carrying out crimes against humani ? , ., , ., ., humanity? there is no question that what we are — humanity? there is no question that what we are saying _ humanity? there is no question that what we are saying is _ humanity? there is no question that what we are saying is genocide. - humanity? there is no question that what we are saying is genocide. the | what we are saying is genocide. the un has described it as such. it is an outrage. fundamentally, if we want to get china to recognise that the because they are on is not acceptable, the nations of the world to live by the rules will have to
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come together, lay out those rules clearly and say to china she can continue to have free access to any of our markets if you don't forget —— begin to live at the same rules we all live by. get -- begin to live at the same rules we all live bit-— -- begin to live at the same rules we all live lov— we all live by. get on china to abide by those _ we all live by. get on china to abide by those rules - we all live by. get on china to abide by those rules means . we all live by. get on china to - abide by those rules means working with other nations and global cooperation between nato and the un, thatis cooperation between nato and the un, that is something that not all americans welcome. new york congresswoman antrim supporter nicole is highly sceptical. in these first few weeks _ nicole is highly sceptical. in these first few weeks we _ nicole is highly sceptical. in these first few weeks we are _ nicole is highly sceptical. in these first few weeks we are seeing - first few weeks we are seeing president biden re—enter into international organisations that president trump had tried to put a pause to in hopes that he would be able to renegotiate some of the terms, president biden went back without renegotiating anything in the interests of america. the people who have won so far in this new term, it has been china, india,
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russia. it seems that president biden is re—entering peace international organisations and agreements without any negotiation. he has given away the store and we are getting nothing in return. the biden - are getting nothing in return. the itiden - putin _ are getting nothing in return. the biden — putin relationship has faced serious tensions. president biden has said that the days of america rolling over to russia are done. he even called vladimir putin at killer any us media interview. the administration says it wants to prioritise human rights, which makes the criminal�*s handling of political dissidents increasingly problematic. donald trump is not romance with vladimir putin contrast sharply with joe biden's chilly reception. you joe biden's chilly reception. you can already _ joe biden's chilly reception. you can already gain _ joe biden's chilly reception. you can already gain a _ joe biden's chilly reception. gm. can already gain a picture of what it is starting off as from the readout of the biden— putin
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conversation. as having worked in diplomacy for several years, conversation. as having worked in diplomacy forseveralyears, i conversation. as having worked in diplomacy for several years, i have not seen between states that are not actually at war this kind of tough language. i think it is something that president putin should mull over and draw conclusions from. ililul’heh over and draw conclusions from. when i was in helsinki _ over and draw conclusions from. when i was in helsinki in _ over and draw conclusions from. when i was in helsinki in 2018 _ over and draw conclusions from. when i was in helsinki in 2018 for _ over and draw conclusions from. when i was in helsinki in 2018 for the truck — putin summit, president trump sent shock waves through the foreign policy community when he sided with the russian president over his own gs intelligence community. trump denied that putin had meddled in the us presidential elections despite the weight of evidence of the country. this closeness or america overlooking russia's an accession of crimea and ukraine, a border change that appears worryingly similar to history repeating itself in europe. joe biden's reset of the relationship with russia now will have a big impact on and beyond.
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and russia's influence can be clearly felt in another region, the middle east, which has long eluded the quick fix remedies of american president 80 —— eager to leave their imprint behind. a history of us colonialist intervention led barack obama to pull back, but he left a power vacuum in syria quickly filled by iran, russia and others.- power vacuum in syria quickly filled by iran, russia and others. there is no question — by iran, russia and others. there is no question that _ by iran, russia and others. there is no question that the _ by iran, russia and others. there is no question that the ten _ by iran, russia and others. there is no question that the ten year - by iran, russia and others. there is no question that the ten year civil. no question that the ten year civil war in syria, the civil war, is a stain on the global community, and notjust 8 million people displaced inside the country, 6 million refugees, half a million killed, but appalling abuses notjust of human rights part of life lost in chemical weapon attacks and other atrocities. should the obama administration have
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done more? ., , should the obama administration have done more? , ., should the obama administration have done more? ., , , ., ., done more? there has been a global failure of monumental— done more? there has been a global failure of monumental proportions, i failure of monumental proportions, diplomatic failure and a failure to meet humanitarian needs. this is a political emergency and a humanitarian emergency at the same time. emergencies can happen without mistakes and there have been serious mistakes and there have been serious mistakes throughout the conflict. mistakes that president biden and his team are clearly anxious not to repeat. joe biden launched air strikes on iranian backed targets in syria in late february, a show of strength for the newly invested commander—in—chief. lode strength for the newly invested commander-in-chief._ strength for the newly invested commander-in-chief. we took this action to be _ commander-in-chief. we took this action to be very — commander-in-chief. we took this action to be very clear, _ commander-in-chief. we took this action to be very clear, notably - commander-in-chief. we took this action to be very clear, notably to l action to be very clear, notably to iran, that they cannot act with impunity against our people, our partners, our interests. the possibility _ partners, our interests. the possibility for _ partners, our interests. the possibility for nuclear negotiations are still on the table, but presidentjoe biden needs congressional buy in. i president joe biden needs congressional buy in. i happen to a . ree congressional buy in. i happen to agree with _ congressional buy in. i happen to agree with the — congressional buy in. i happen to agree with the republican - congressional buy in. i happen to agree with the republican and i congressional buy in. i happen to | agree with the republican and the trump approach which has put
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pressure on iran, make sure they pay a very heavy price for pursuing their nuclear ambition. right now they are enriching uranium at 20%. this is a pathway towards having a break—out nuclear weapon. that this is a pathway towards having a break-out nuclear weapon.- break-out nuclear weapon. that is unacceptable. _ break-out nuclear weapon. that is unacceptable. iran _ break-out nuclear weapon. that is unacceptable. iran is _ break-out nuclear weapon. that is unacceptable. iran is a _ break-out nuclear weapon. that isj unacceptable. iran is a paradoxical country, i would know, unacceptable. iran is a paradoxical country, iwould know, my father unacceptable. iran is a paradoxical country, i would know, my father is iranian. when i covered the iran nuclear negotiations one criticism is that president obama's secretary of state, john kerry, wanted a deal at any cost and a high price for americans, republicans say. ithink iran sees clearly _ americans, republicans say. ithink iran sees clearly that _ americans, republicans say. ithink iran sees clearly that we _ americans, republicans say. ithink iran sees clearly that we are - americans, republicans say. ithink iran sees clearly that we are no - iran sees clearly that we are no longer dealing with somebody who is strong and tough in putting america first, like president trump, but we are going back to the obama administration and they can take advantage of that. we should be building upon the abraham accords to isolate iran, further sanctions so that what that way we isolate them so they have to renegotiate some of
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the terms. the so they have to renegotiate some of the terms. ~ , ., ., ., . . ., , ., the terms. the abraham accords to ne . otiate the terms. the abraham accords to negotiate the _ the terms. the abraham accords to negotiate the trump _ the terms. the abraham accords to j negotiate the trump administration created an alliance between israel and arab states and is seen as a way to keep iran's activities and check in the region, which was left out of the rallying deal. but the new administration says priorities have it's not that we want a deal. we know we have to have verifiable constraint on orion. the president has put a very simple proposition on the table and obama president also believed iran cannot be allowed to acquire nuclear weapon. we use the 2015joint plan of action not as the ceiling because the floor to lengthen and strengthen and also to
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negotiate follow—on agreements and to address other areas of malign behaviour by iran including nuclear ballistic missiles. ih behaviour by iran including nuclear ballistic missiles.— ballistic missiles. in 2015 i was embedded _ ballistic missiles. in 2015 i was embedded with _ ballistic missiles. in 2015 i was embedded with the _ ballistic missiles. in 2015 i was embedded with the military . ballistic missiles. in 2015 i was embedded with the military as | ballistic missiles. in 2015 i was - embedded with the military as they flexed their muscle in yemen. it is still severely punished under the crown prince and us intelligence report found that the ordered the brutal murder of khashoggi. america has been quick to condemn the killing in 2018 but meaningful action has been lacking. this was a permanent american resident and the idea we would not take idea against thatis idea we would not take idea against that is ridiculous. joe biden has
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imposed sanctions and visa restrictions in the khashoggi plot but has stopped short of directly punishing the crown prince choosing instead to deal with his father, the king, a major buyer of us arms. a serious snub to saudi arabia could harm us companies. i serious snub to saudi arabia could harm us companies.— serious snub to saudi arabia could harm us companies. i think it was a shameful episode _ harm us companies. i think it was a shameful episode of _ harm us companies. i think it was a shameful episode of our _ harm us companies. i think it was a shameful episode of our foreign - shameful episode of our foreign policy history not to be much more forceful and a reaction to the official reports that came that they had been involved with the khashoggi killing. this is a journalist working on american soil working for an american publication and he was murdered and dismembered. this is something you canjust murdered and dismembered. this is something you can just look beyond. there has to be consequence of that. america's re—engagement with the world will be critical to progress on climate change. and perhaps the most striking departure byjoe biden from donald trump one of his first
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executive actions was to rejoin the paris climate agreement. i executive actions was to re'oin the paris climate agreement._ executive actions was to re'oin the paris climate agreement. i think the commitment — paris climate agreement. i think the commitment of _ paris climate agreement. i think the commitment of president _ paris climate agreement. i think the commitment of president biden - paris climate agreement. i think the commitment of president biden to l commitment of president biden to make sure fighting the climate crisis is a cross government enterprise is very important and the appointment ofjohn kerry as envoy shows he once international negotiations.— shows he once international ne . otiations. ., , negotiations. extreme weather events here have stalked _ negotiations. extreme weather events here have stalked shifts _ negotiations. extreme weather events here have stalked shifts in _ negotiations. extreme weather events here have stalked shifts in public - here have stalked shifts in public opinion. the devastation caused by west coast wildfires and texan snowstorms proved galvanising natural forces and when american livelihoods are threatened in the presidency of —— and the fragility of life is laid bare people are quick to call for change. but americans may be slower to shift their values elsewhere and whether joe biden can bring the public and congress with two more diplomatic and engage place in the world
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remains to be seen.— and engage place in the world remains to be seen. when i look at thins we remains to be seen. when i look at things we did _ remains to be seen. when i look at things we did over— remains to be seen. when i look at things we did over the _ remains to be seen. when i look at things we did over the past - remains to be seen. when i look at things we did over the past four - things we did over the past four years in terms of reform of natal and defining the competition with china, in terms of the abraham accords and the new map of the middle east, i think these are role very visceral demonstrations of american engagement in the world and so i certainly wish them well and want them to continue that pattern of engagement but i don't think america ever went away. rtithe of engagement but i don't think america ever went away. one thing seems clear — america ever went away. one thing seems clear from _ america ever went away. one thing seems clear from this _ america ever went away. one thing seems clear from this nation - america ever went away. one thingj seems clear from this nation period of the joe seems clear from this nation period of thejoe biden administration. he is a diplomat of the old school and he doesn't plan to leave from the shadow of donald trump are barack obama. �* . ., ., shadow of donald trump are barack obama. �* .., ., . ,, shadow of donald trump are barack obama. �* ., ., , ., obama. america going back does not mean america _ obama. america going back does not mean america going _ obama. america going back does not mean america going backwards, - obama. america going back does not mean america going backwards, it i obama. america going back does notl mean america going backwards, it has to ship an agenda to take notjust
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america forward but the global system forwards and if we have learned anything with covid is that it affects us all.— it affects us all. whether he will be successful— it affects us all. whether he will be successful depends - it affects us all. whether he will be successful depends not - it affects us all. whether he will be successful depends notjust. it affects us all. whether he will. be successful depends notjust on these talents, the america's relationship with the world will be defined by those nations with which it engages. —— barack obama. yet another dose of winter for some of us in the past 2a hours, a fresh dusting, even covering of snow in places, particularly out in the hills and mountains but not exclusively. and more of that to come through the course of this afternoon.
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they are wintry showers so it doesn't always mean just snow, it could be sleet and hail in places too. and you can see the radar showing the wintry showers across the north, the east end earlier on around the manchester area quite a few of them also affecting the northern parts of northern ireland. so through this afternoon, apart from the wintry showers here and there, actually there's plenty of sunny spells around us well. the winds are coming in from the north, this is arctic air so the temperatures only around five to six degrees for some of our northern towns and cities. briefly touching double figures there in plymouth and in london so it is a nippy day. through tonight we'll see aweather fronts sneaking in out of the atlantic, it will actually bring some ever so slightly milder air but with that also the possibility of a bit of snow acrosss parts of wales, maybe into the midlands, possibly the peak district as well. and these are the early morning temperatures on monday, you can see around freezing or below in a number of areas so there could be a bit of fresh snow here or there. now notice, this is the cold outbreak on monday, you can see the cold air spreading into europe, butjust on the periphery here slightly milderair coming back around it so that's the weather front that approaching us.
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you can see it here on the edge of the forecast area, the cloud and increasing amounts are bits and pieces of rain and out towards the western fringes of wales but i think broadly speaking monday is looking fine for most of us with plenty of crisp sunshine and still pretty chilly, although the temperatures are just ever so slightly picking up there over towards the west, up to around 11 degrees in cardiff. now, here's tuesday's weather map. high pressure in charge the weather but with expecting some april showers to fall on tuesday. broadly speaking across the northern half of the uk so the south it should just about stay dry but notice temperatures are picking up to around 11 or 10 degrees so the really cool air across the far north of the uk there, lerwick. are temperatures going to rise any further west you might ask, we think so through wednesday to around about ia celsius but then it does look as though there will be another change of wind direction and it could turn a bit colder again.
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this is bbc news with the latest headlines for viewers in the uk and around the world. remembering the duke of edinburgh. services are to taking place in honour of prince philip as the uk observes a week of official mourning. the archbishop of canterbury — justin welby — will lead today's services in the uk — he's also expected to officiate at prince philip's funeral next saturday. meanwhile, prince charles has paid a heartfelt tribute to his father. my dear papa was a very special person, who i think above all else would have been amazed by the reaction and the touching things that have been said about him. we'll look at the tributes being paid to prince philip around the world. also ahead...
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new details emerge about the scale of uk government lobbying involving

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