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tv   BBC World News  BBC News  April 1, 2021 12:00am-12:31am BST

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this is bbc news, i'm kasia madera with the latest headlines for viewers in the uk and around the world. another lockdown in france, as a third wave of coronavirus threatens the country. nonessential shops and schools will shut this weekend for four weeks, translation: it's also more dangerous than i the situation in the autumn. this virus is more contagious and it's also more dangerous. the third day of the derek chauvin murder trial features new security camera footage showing the final moments of george floyd's life and emotional testimony from witnesses. i'm lebo diseko live in minneapolis, where the court has seen some of the most harrowing footage of the trial so far. the world trade organization urges drugs companies to make
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covid—19 vaccines for the whole world, or hand over their know—how to developing countries. and following threats and pressure from the chinese authorities, bbc correspondent john sudworth relocates from beijing to taiwan. hello, and welcome to audiences in the uk and around the world. the french president, emmanuel macron, has put mainland france back into lockdown for four weeks from saturday. in a national televised address, he said all but the essential shops would shut, and people would again be asked to work from home. he said from next week schools would close for three weeks, with exceptions for the children of key workers. he also announced a vaccination programme, promising that by the end of the summer everyone over 18
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will be vaccinated. our paris correspondent lucy williamson reports. paris today is a tale of two cities. a sense of freedom in the streets. in hospitals, a sense of deja vu. with more than 5,000 patients in intensive care, france is already above normal saturation level. in this small paris unit today, all nine life—support beds were full. translation: the thing that worries us a lot - is that protective measures are not being respected. when the weather's good, we see people walking by the seine, all crammed together, or shopping in the market without any protection, and we know that in these kinds of situations, the government has trouble enforcing the restrictions. 79—year—old madeleine arrived here after refusing the astrazeneca jab. she didn't trust it with all her underlying conditions, she told me. but while waiting for the
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pfizer one, she caught covid. has it changed her mind about the astrazeneca vaccine? non, non. "no," she said. it's here in the capital's life—support units that pressure on president macron has been sharpest. some doctors have warned of an impending health disaster, saying they could soon be forced to choose which patients live and which die. tonight, mr macron admitted france needed to toughen the rules. from saturday, everyone will have to stay local and schools will close for up to a month. translation: we did everything we could to take these _ decisions as late as possible, and only when they became strictly necessary. that time is now. but i would also like to tell you this evening that, thanks to the vaccine, we can see the way out of the crisis. with transfers from the worst—hit areas already begun, doctors have been calling for a third national lockdown. the light restrictions currently in place in areas
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like paris, they say, aren't clear or powerful enough. but these are the rules now being rolled out across france. we don't understand them any more. we're like, are we quarantined or not? we don't really understand, so we're going out without really knowing. but, yeah, what i think isjust, like, maybe it would be better to go home, but on the other side i want to be out. after weeks of criticism over his strategy, president macron is facing a nation divided, between those who say they can't face another lockdown and those who can't face another wave. lucy williamson, bbc news, paris. the jury in the trial of derek chauvin has been shown new footage of george floyd, including police body camera video in the moments just before his death. the court also had to adjourn briefly after one witness broke down while giving testimony. the former police officer has pleaded not guilty to two counts of murder and one of manslaughter. aleem maqbool has this
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report, and a warning — some viewers may find material in this story distressing. derek chauvin on the right here watched with the rest of the court this now haunting footage, of george floyd dressed in black seen for the first time in the shop where the sad series of events began. a shop assistant, 19—year—old christopher martin, said mr floyd seemed physically well and in good spirits, if a little disorientated and high. george floyd is seen moving to the cigarette counter where he uses what is suspected to have been a forged note, though christopher martin accepted it, saying he thought george floyd wasn't aware of it being fake. the manager of the shop asked that the police be called. more footage showed officers pulling george floyd from his car and later being handcuffed and led further up the road. charles mcmillan was another
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eyewitness to take to the stand and his voice is heard in some of the most distressing video of the day. indistinct voices if you get in this car, we can talk! george floyd is soon seen being pushed to the ground by officers. indistinct voices mr mcmillan, do. you need a minute? it's clear what happened that day last may has had a life changing impact on so many. a crowd soon gathered and among the bystanders was the young cashier who had alerted his manager about the fake note. what was going through your time during that time period? disbelief. and guilt. why guilt? if i had just not taken the bill, this could have been avoided.
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it's been hard for many to hear teenagers talk of their guilt over george floyd's death when the reminders of the actions of the man on trial are inescapable. aleem maqbool, bbc news. let's go live to minneapolis and the bbc�*s lebo diseko. and absolutely harrowing day in court. , ~ ., , court. yes, i think the last hour or— court. yes, i think the last hour or so _ court. yes, i think the last hour or so of _ court. yes, i think the last hour or so of evidence - court. yes, i think the lastj hour or so of evidence was particularly difficult. that was where they focused very heavily on the body camera footage, they had a member of the minneapolis police who is an expert in that, and that was where the prosecution played four sets of body camera footage from all the officers that were here at the scene on the day. and it was just relentless, over and over and over again, the footage put into action with mr floyd and the officers, seeing george
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floyd begged for his life and the officers on top of him over and over again. and the officers on top of him over and overagain. and i the officers on top of him over and over again. and i think the aim from the prosecutors will be for jurors aim from the prosecutors will be forjurors to go home tonight with that in their minds. also, very distressing seen, the witnesses on the stand, so upset. we saw the one that broke down, and also the cashier who talked about his guilt and regret, and wishing that maybe he could've done things differently the day. when you talk to people, of course, reliving this again, it opens up so many painful memories? it opens up so many painful memories?— opens up so many painful memories? it really does. i was s-ueakin memories? it really does. i was speaking with — memories? it really does. i was speaking with a _ memories? it really does. i was speaking with a local _ memories? it really does. i was speaking with a local pastor, . speaking with a local pastor, and she was saying that the wounds haven't healed. there is still a lot of healing that has to be done in this community. she described the atmosphere here as heavy, she said that it was really still an open wound
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and that they are trying to find out how they can heal and move on, really, at this time. and when it comes to the world watching this trial, of course, we are all watching, the pain the witnesses are going through, an awful lot of interest in the us but worldwide as well? . ., worldwide as well? yeah, i mean even president _ worldwide as well? yeah, i mean even president biden _ worldwide as well? yeah, i mean even president biden has - worldwide as well? yeah, i mean even president biden has said . even president biden has said that he will be watching this very closely because of what it's said about the experiences of black americans, what it is like to be a person of colour and what it says about relations with the law enforcement institutions in this country. i think worldwide, people are watching. we saw the protests at the time, and i think many people feel very invested in the outcome of this case. interestingly i was speaking to a young black woman here a couple of days ago, and she told me that she was really scared whatever the outcome of
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the trial. she said she felt that if chauvin is convicted, she's worried about a backlash on a black and brown people like her in this city. and if he's not convicted, she's worried about what might happen next. ., , ., worried about what might happen next. . , . , next. that is an interesting oint. next. that is an interesting point- as — next. that is an interesting point. as always, - next. that is an interesting point. as always, thanks i next. that is an interesting| point. as always, thanks so much. the new director general of the world trade organization has urged pharmaceutical companies to manufacture enough covid vaccine for everyone in the world, or voluntarily hand over the technology behind their medicines to developing countries. dr ngozi 0konjo—iweala, has been speking to the bbc�*s faisal islam. you can't have a situation in which, you know, ten countries have administered to 70% of vaccine doses in the world, and there are countries that have not seen one single dose. so i think that the kind of vaccine in equity that we are seeing is definitely not acceptable.
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that's what happened with hiv—aids, where we had to wait ten years for people to get access to life—saving drugs. it happened with hini vaccines, where rich countries bought up the vaccines and poor countries had none. so you can understand why 100 members today are saying that they need the waiver. but it's pretty clear in your organisations that the wealthier countries that have the vaccines and have the vaccine know—how don't want to share it. they want us to do better on export prohibitions. we want them to do better on vaccine manufacturing and the transfer of know—how. so the world is experiencing a supply scarcity everywhere now because there wasn't adequate investment in that. so i think that everyone is beginning to see that having people vaccinated in one country and leaving others out will not necessarily solve your problem. you talk of a third way — is a possible model here what has happened
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with the astrazeneca vaccine developed in the united kingdom, where you've seen the licensing with a developing country, india, and they're making hundreds of millions of doses at cost price? is that the sort of initiative that you think could serve as a model for the rest of the world? increasing production precisely in the way you said. the serum institute has this transfer of knowledge from astrazeneca, it's able to produce up to a billion doses. it's the largest manufacturing capacity in the world. so if we had more of that, that voluntary licensing and transfer faster, we could save many more people. let's have the same kind of arrangement that astrazeneca has with the serum institute. novavax, j&j, and all the others should follow suit. why don't we just hand over the patents of the vaccines to the world's poorest countries so they can copy them? so, even though under normal times, we would say yes, you know, it's valid to have
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people want a return on their investment. i think during public times of pandemics, we have to modify this somewhat to give greater access. either we manufacture in volumes that will serve everybody, or we have a situation in which you are willing to transfer the know—how and, in fact — if they did this on the voluntary basis, this would not even arise. so how do we encourage more of that, now that people are dying? and then, we can have a framework agreement for dealing with the trips for the future. the new director general of the world trade organization. president biden has unveiled an infrastructure investment plan on a scale not seen in the united states in decades. the $2 trillion package aims to modernise roads, repair bridges and promote climate initiatives — in the process creating millions ofjobs. it's expected to be financed by
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a tax increase on corporations. the plan is likely to face a fight in congress where republicans have voiced opposition. what i'm proposing is a one—time capital investment of roughly $2 trillion in america's future, spread largely over eight years. it will generate historicjob growth, historic economic growth, help businesses to compete internationally and create more revenue, as well. they're among the highest value investments we can make in the nation, investing in our infrastructure. put another way — failing to make these investments adds to our debt and effectively puts our children at a disadvantage relative to our competitors. that's what crumbling infrastructure does. 0ur senior north america reporter anthony zurcher says the president's spending will divide republicans. about half of it is roads and bridges, and rail and airports. the other half are other
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priorities like clean energy, green energy, investing in internet infrastructure, schools, manufacturing hubs, and spending money on elderly care. so that was some of the areas that republicans at least will have objections to — they say some of these priorities are just democrats putting in, say, pro—union measures as well as spending on infrastructure. and then, of course, as you mentioned, it's the paying for this that'll be the real challenge — and joe biden�*s proposing a pretty drastic increase in the corporate tax after donald trump cut it. and you could already see republicans being vehemently opposed to that kind of a tax increase to pay for it. stay with us on bbc news. still to come: find out why one of the uk's biggest cities was forced to close its main park after the easing of lockdown restrictions.
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the accident that happened here was of the sort that can, at worst, produce a meltdown. in this case, the precautions worked, but they didn't work quite well enough to prevent some old fears about the safety features of these stations from resurfacing. the republic of ireland has become the first country in the world to ban smoking in the workplace. from today, anyone lighting up in offices, businesses, pubs and restaurants will face a heavy fine. the president was on his way out of the washington hilton hotel where he had been addressing a trade union conference. the small crowd outside included his assailant. it has become a symbol| of paris, 100 years ago, many parisians wished it had never been built. _ the eiffel tower's birthday is- being marked by a re—enactment of the first assent by gustave
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eiffeh — this is bbc news, the latest headlines... the french president, emmanuel macron, puts mainland france back into lockdown again for four weeks as cases double since february to nearly 40,000 a day. in the george floyd murder trial in the us, the court is shown new footage of mr floyd just before his death. the death of george floyd was one in a long list of similar incidents where black americans had died at the hands of the police and many in this community say these videos trigger fresh trauma seeing their pain televised and going viral. the bbc�*s larry madowo has been speaking to activists in minneapolis the impact of this. dear white america, i've left earth.
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i am equal parts sick of your "go back to africas" as i am your "i just don't see the races." danez smith's poetry conveys the anger and frustration of black america. it is a recurring nightmare made worse by every protest following the death of another black person after an encounter with police. we did not ask to be part of your america, though, are we not america? i am sick of standing this ground. i will not call your recklessness the law. what does "black exhaustion" mean to you? black exhaustion for me is the tiredness you feel when the answer feels so simple and right there. and your country has a long history of pretending like it doesn't exist. it seems to me like america's new project is to always keep black liberation in the future. this is kind of like ground
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zero of where all the protest turned into uprisings, turned into destruction. local activist and film—maker da bullock has lived through and documented many disappointments for this community. we've been here before. we've been here where police have been charged, like in philando castile's case, and they have gotten away with it. and we've been there where they have not been charged at all. and we walked away disappointed in the justice system, so i think that kind of trauma over and over again building up, it does wear you out, it does make you tired. these are the names - of the known victims of police brutality in minnesota. there are 420 names listed. this is deborah watts. her cousin, emmett till, was lynched in 1955 for offending a white woman. he was only 14. the men charged with killing him were acquitted and his accuser recanted her false testimony. from watching the case of emmett till, who was your
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cousin, 66 years ago, every successive black pain, black trauma, black death that is on the news, how do you react? the wound is opened again. and until we getjustice, truth and accountability, and some sort of reform, i it is not going to heal over. we cannot use hate as a way to fuel us. j we have to use hope as a way to fuel us, hope with action. i hope with expectations and demands. - it has taken my father's time, my mother's time... for so many in america, they just won't wait any longer. how much time do you want for this progress?! the bbc�*s china correspondent john sudworth has relocated from beijing to taiwan, following pressure and threats from the chinese authorities. in the wake of his departure,
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chinese state media outlets are continuing to run stories attacking john for his coverage of xinjiang and the origins of the coronavirus. we have been facing this kind of pressure because of our coverage of subjects and stories that china doesn't want us to cover, at least not in the independent way that we have. but in recent months, there's been an intensifying propaganda campaign targeting notjust the bbc, but me personally and my work in particular. there have been legal threats and, as well as an intensifying attempt to obstruct and harass us whenever and wherever we film. as a result of these rising risks in increasing difficulties, the decision was made that, after tolerating it for so long, we should relocate. the chinese foreign ministry has given its response, saying the authorities had not been given prior notice ofjohn�*s departure.
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translation: we were just in the process of renewing i sudworth's press card when we learned that sudworth had left without saying goodbye. once he had left the country, he made no attempt to inform the relevant departments nor provide a reason for why he left. the bbc has issued a statement on john's relocation from beijing to taiwan... one of the uk's biggest cities nottingham has closed its main public parks after large crowds descended over the past few days. councils across england have
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been urging people who've been making the most of the good weather and new found freedoms to take their litter home after vast amounts were left strewn across parks. up to six people or two households of any size are now allowed to meet outdoors. but some have ignored the rules. sarah campbell reports. not the morning after a festival but a park in sheffield — the result of a warm evening combined with the relaxation of lockdown rules. those who partied last night quite happy to leave others to clear up, to the consternation of a global social media audience, according to the editor of the local paper who posted this footage. we've had responses from all over the world — pictures of parks in amsterdam where there's been the same issue. it doesn't look as bad as it does in sheffield, but it's clearly an international problem at the moment, because there's nowhere else for people to go. around the country, it appears people have been enjoying the opportunity to meet up in a way they haven't been able to for many months. and with the pubs shut, parks have become the go—to place to socialise, eat and drink — the difference being there's no staff on hand
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to clear away the empties. as well as the mess, there's concern that social distancing has also been discarded. fearing a repeat of these scenes in nottingham last night, the council has closed its public parks and has asked people not to forget that the pandemic is far from over. please stop. covid is not something to be messed about with, to be trifled with. this is a dangerous disease that has caused people to die in our city. we are not yet in a situation where all of our restrictions have been rolled back, just a gradual easing of those restrictions. please don't abuse that. here in slough, as elsewhere, the council litter teams have been busy. but although there has been some anti—social behaviour, the man in charge of park development told me that lockdown has been overwhelmingly positive for the future of green spaces. the benefits definitely outweigh the negatives, with people reconnecting with their open spaces.
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with apartments and flats being built and people not having their own garden space, and seeing them out and enjoying our open spaces, as a parks professional, has been the joy for me. next to the welsh parliament building in cardiff this morning, a clear message to the authorities that until alternative venues are open again for business, refuse collectors may be busy. sarah campbell, bbc news, slough. and before we go, life at the white house can be rather stressful. president biden�*s dog, major, appears to be having some difficulty getting accustomed to his new surroundings. you might recall he's onlyjust returned to washington after two weeks of training in delaware for an earlier biting incident. unfortunately, it has happened again. he nipped someone while on a walk in the white house gardens. major is the younger of the biden�*s two german shepherds,
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and he is a rescue dog. hello there. despite there being more cloud around across southern britain on wednesday, we still manage to make highs of 2a celsius in the sunny spells across the far southeast. for today, though, it is cooler and fresher for most areas. that is away from the southwest and south wales. here we have the warmth just holding on for one more day, but this area of high pressure with its chillier air starts to topple in from the northwest. that breeze will be noticeable across the north sea coast, feeding in quite a bit of cloud here. elsewhere, though, we should see the clouds breaking up to allow for plenty of sunshine. probably the best of the sunshine, again, will be across this southwest corner. we change the wind direction, though, that northeastrly, like i mentioned, cool down the east coast. it will be a different feeling wind from the warm southerlys which we've had over the last few days. temperatures struggling
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to get above 7—9 celsius across the north sea coast. 16—20 celsius, though, in the southwest — that's where we will have the last of the warmth. but that warmth ebbs away through thursday night, and into friday morning, the cold air is with most of us, and we will actually see some frost, particularly for the far north of england and in toward scotland. low single digits for the rest of england and wales. 0ur area of high pressure really builds in for friday. so there will be a lot of dry and settled weather, but it is chillier air blowing down on a north—north easterly wind, and again, that northeasterly wind will feed in more cloud to northern and eastern parts of the uk. so it will stay rather chilly and grey here. with more shelter to the south and the west, this is where we will see the best of the sunshine. so, temperatures into the afternoon could reach 12—13 celsius, 9—10 celsius closer to the east. these temperatures actually closer to the seasonal average. through friday night, though it's going to be a colder one for most with the widespread frost particularly central, northern and western areas. now, as we move into the easter weekend, although high pressure will bring a lot of dry
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and settled weather, it will feel cold, and then as we head on into easter monday, we will see a real arctic blast which will bring some wintry showers to our shores as well. so our area of high pressure dominates for saturday and sunday, then allows this low—pressure to sweep down from the north through sunday into easter monday. and that will open the floodgates, a much colder blast of air than what we will have for the start of the weekend. and like i mentioned, that will be feeding into some snow showers, maybe to northern and western coasts on monday. but temperatures will still reach the low teens celsius with the sunshine on saturday and sunday.
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this is bbc news, the headlines... french president emmanuel macron has announced a new four—week national lockdown from saturday. he said all but essential shops would close and home working would become the norm. checks will be stepped up to stop public gatherings. cases have doubled since february to nearly 40,000 a day. 0n the third day of the trial of the white police officer accused of killing george floyd, prosecutors have played cctv of him shortly before his death. footage also showed mr floyd repeatedly pleaded with officers not to shoot him. the white officer, derek chauvin, has pleaded not guilty. president biden has unveiled a two trillion dollar infrastructure plan which he hopes will lead to the biggest investment in americanjobs since world war two. the focus is on modernising roads and bridges and promoting climate initiatives. republicans in congress are expected to fiercely
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i will be back tomorrow. mike is here

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