this is bbc news with the latest headlines for viewers in the uk and around the world. thousands of people take part in protests across europe, against coronavirus lockdown measures. demonstrations in istanbul as turkey's criticised for pulling out of a treaty protecting women and girls. tu rkey�*s turkey's main opposition party has put it like this. women will be kept as a second—class citizens and left to be killed. in australia, thousands of people are moved to safety as the country's eastern coast�*s battered by heavy rain and flash floods. and, coming to life after 800 years — a volcano erupts 30 kilometres outside iceland's capital reykjavic.
hello and welcome to audiences in the uk and around the world. we're covering all the latest coronavirus developments here in britain and globally. first... there are signs of growing frustration across europe as many nations reintroduce lockdown measures to control the coronavirus pandemic. infections are on the rise as a third wave begins to sweep the continent. there've been protests in poland, where a strict new lockdown has come into force, after a sharp increase in cases. there were also angry demonstrations in vienna, with many frustrated protestors calling for chancellor sebastian kurz to step down. this protest took place in finland, which has more than 70,000 confirmed cases, and where 800 people have
died so far. there were also anti—lockdown protests in london. they came despite a fall in infections and a fast—paced vaccine programme. and german police used pepper spray during ugly clashes in the northern city of kassel — another city where demonstrators are angry about covid—linked restrictions. 0ur berlin correspondent, damian mcguinness is following developments. anti—restrictions demos in germany have become a common sight over the past year, really. and we saw the high point last summer where, strangely, the lockdown measures were relatively light and the pandemic the lockdown measures were relatively light, was seen as quite under control here in germany. but what we have seen over the past few months is quite a change in mood across the country. now, these particular demonstrations are a mix of people. so you have all sorts of people from far—right groups to just people who don't agree with this government, right through to anti—vaccination campaigners, even a few people there who don't even believe covid—i9 exists, and then other people
with more moderate views. so a real broad range, a large demo, about 20,000 people, clashes with police. but i think what we are seeing is this particular demo, and these demos across the country here in germany are not really representative of mainstream feeling. because mainstream feeling is not so much angry at the restrictions, but angry at the very slow vaccine roll—out. many people, in fact, think it's wrong of the government to start loosening restrictions in some areas, which is also happening at the same time, quite a confusing situation here in germany. and i think what brings a lot of people together now, the majority probably in germany, is a general feeling that the government doesn't really have control of the situation and whether you think the restrictions should be harsher or looser, the government is losing popularity, and certainly that is the case for angela merkel�*s conservative party, which is not good news, considering we have an election year in six months�* time. the protests across europe come on the day france increased its restrictions. figures released a short
while ago show more than 35,000 new infections in the past day — that's a slight increase on the previous 2a hour period, and an indication of how quickly the virus is still spreading. france has re—introduced a partial lockdown, affecting some 21 million people in 16 areas, including the capital paris. one of those affected is our correspondent, hugh schofield. yes, well if you went out today as i did, i mean it didn't feel that different on the streets of paris. the markets were open, the parks were full of playing children, families — it didn't feel that different from yesterday or the day before and partly of course that's because this is a lockdown—lite. we are allowed to leave our homes for as long as we like within a radius of 10km and that means that life apparently is going on as normal. but i think beneath the surface, there is a big psychological burden nonetheless in all of this.
partly because we can't leave paris, that's one of the big rules — you can't travel outside of the area that's in lockdown now. and partly there's this bureaucratic element too which means that again, if you leave the home, you have to have this piece of paper or a web document to show to justify why you're out. and there's this feeling that every time you go out you might be accosted by a policeman or policewoman and told to show why you are out of the house, and that weighs on people i think. but above all, there's this sense i think that despite the fact that in many ways life today is no worse than it was yesterday, it's not getting better and it should be. the restaurants, the cafes, there's absolutely no prospect of them opening now in the weeks or for another couple of months, maybe. and we were all hoping that the end was coming. and i think that really is what weighs on people that exactly a year — exactly one year to the day after the first lockdown — it's coming again. it's like a treadmill. as we've heard, poland is also back in a form of lockdown as adam easton
in warsaw now explains. poland, in terms of the numbers, is seeing its third coronavirus wave, and it is seeing the infection rate accelerate. we are seeing cases that have reached levels that haven't been seen since november, which was the peak of the second wave. so i think there is acceptance in society there should be some restrictions. previously we have had regional restrictions and from today they are now nationwide. and it's partly because of this prevalence of the british variant, which is rampant in poland at the moment and is responsible for more than 60% of all cases and soon will be responsible for 80% of cases. so i think there is a feeling amongst society that we should have some restrictions. but at the same time, the health ministry is warning that there is also a feeling that restrictions are not being adhered to. there is a feeling amongst some people that covid has been tamed to some extent,
and people have become accustomed to it. the protests — and the threats of lockdown — come after a sharp rise in the number of cases across europe. the increase has coincided with the slow roll—out of vaccines and the temporary suspension of the astrazeneca jab. richard galpin has more. here in germany, the authorities are warning the country is facing a third wave of coronavirus. infections rising exponentially. particularly worrying is just 8% of the population has had a first dose of vaccine. lockdown measures are now expected. the situation also serious here in france as well as in poland and other eu countries where covid cases have been surging to to the spread of the uk variant of the spread of the uk variant of the virus. . ., , the spread of the uk variant of the vim-— the virus. infections starting in western —
the virus. infections starting in western europe _ the virus. infections starting in western europe and - the virus. infections starting i in western europe and moving sort of gradually eastwards and we are seeing this particular variant of concern being more severe and terms of the clinical picture, it is leading to a bigger pressure on hospitals. to a bigger pressure on hospitals-_ to a bigger pressure on hositals. �*, , , hospitals. europe's problems in art a hospitals. europe's problems in part a result — hospitals. europe's problems in part a result of _ hospitals. europe's problems in part a result of a _ hospitals. europe's problems in part a result of a faltering - part a result of a faltering vaccination programme and delays in deliveries. made worse by the eu's recent suspension of supplies of the astrazeneca vaccine. but many eu countries are now using it again. richard galpin reporting there. here in the uk, official figures show there have been a record number of coronavirus vaccinations. the health secretary says half of all adults have now had at least one vaccine dose. in the latest 24—hour period alone — nearly 600,000 people had theirfirstjab. that brings the total nationally who've had at least one dose to more than 26.8 million. and just over 2.1 million people have now had both doses of the vaccine. here's the uk's health secretary, matt hancock. the vaccination programme is our route out of the pandemic.
it will help us to protect people, and we know that these vaccines protect you. but we also know that they protect those around you. let's get some of the day's other news. 11 people who were being investigated by the maltese journalist daphne caruana galizia before her murder have appeared in court in valletta. they're facing charges of money laundering, corruption and fraud. among the accused is keith schembri, the chief of staff to the former prime minister of malta. he denies any wrongdoing. a court in pakistan has sentenced two men to death for raping a woman on the side of a highway last year. the attack triggered nationwide protests — it happened in front of the french woman's children after her car had run out of fuel. the two men, named as abid malhi and shafqat hussain, were convicted of rape, kidnapping, robbery and terrorism. turkey has pulled out of its landmark global convention aimed at combatting violence against women.
europe's top human rights body, the council of europe, has called it a huge set back for the protection of women in and outside the country. the bbc�*s 0rla guerin reports from istanbul. even behind the mask, the defiance is clear. this was the response in istanbul to president erdogan�*s decree issued in the dead of night, pulling turkey out of the landmark treaty protecting women and girls. this in fact proves that the government enables these men, enables these men in their violence towards women, domestic violence, abuse, sexual harassment and murder. i felt the biggest ache in my heart and it'sjust the biggest disappointment as a woman you can feel in turkey. well, there's plenty of anger here. these women believe the decree
is an attempt to drag them and their country back in time, to deprive them of key rights and protections. turkey's main opposition party has put it like this, "women "will be kept as second—class citizens and left "to be killed." it was a very different picture ten years ago. turkey was first to proudly sign up to the treaty, ironically called the istanbul convention. the council of europe has branded turkey's withdrawal from this line—up "deplorable". and domestic abuse survivors like daria say they are now more vulnerable. these horrific images were taken after she was attacked by her husband who has been convicted but is free on appeal. "with this decision, i'm an open target," she told us tonight.
"i'm worried for my life because i have kids. "if i die, many others will be affected." at the protest, some held photos of women who have been killed. rights campaigners here say last year alone there were around 300. 0rla guerin, bbc news, istanbul. this is bbc news. our main headlines... thousands of people take part in protests across europe, against coronavirus lockdown measures. brazil has registered nearly 80,000 new cases of coronavirus in the past 2a hours, and has been registering record numbers of deaths this week. the country is battling a more contagious variant which is taking a heavy toll on young people. freya cole reports. the start of another hectic
day for intensive care workers in sao paulo. the ward is full of covid—i9 patients, relying on ventilators and constant monitoring so they can stay alive. for the head of intensive care, the biggest concern now is a sharp rise of younger people being admitted in a serious condition. translation: today we face | the prospect that the situation will get worse because the patients we are witnessing have a slightly different profile than before. we are seeing more younger patients with very serious conditions and no underlying health issues. covid—i9 has left a trail of death across brazil. a local variant, known as pi, is highly contagious. in the last 21 hours, almost 3,000 people died, in the last 2a hours, almost 3,000 people died, the second highest daily death
toll since the pandemic began. for hospital workers, there's been no reprieve. and some doctors say the health system is on the brink of collapse. translation: there is a waiting list at practically all— hospitals with icu beds. that creates a problem for us health workers because we are already tired, we have been doing this for a year now and causes it us additional stress because we know we are not helping everyone who needs us. having to hospitalise more young people in brazil only adds to the pressure because young immune systems resist the disease more so than older people. it means beds are taken for longer, creating a backlog which doctors feel is never—ending. freya cole, bbc news. for a decade the hungarian prime minister, viktor 0rban, has set his government the task of boosting the birth rate in hungary — with some success. 3,000 more babies were born in 2020 than 2019, marriages are up, divorce and abortion
rates are plunging. but now the coronavirus pandemic has dealt a blow to his plans — as nick thorpe reports from budapest. armin is ten days old, born here in his parents�* small living room in budapest. but births in hungary are down nearly 10% compared to 2020. avoiding hospital was one reason why his parents chose a home delivery. translation: we did not want to postpone having l our second child just because of the pandemic. how we felt about it was we'll leave it to armin to arrive in his own good time. translation: my father died of covid barely a month ago. i he went into hospital for something else and caught covid there. he'd caught the virus in hospital when he went in for another reason, so that sort of clinched our decision to have our baby at home. siren wails
armin�*s older brother ignatz is two and has his own house, sort of. his parents plan to have more children — that's music to the ears of families minister katalin novak. because if you ask a young person if they want to get married, if they want to have children, they are very positive about that so the number of wished children, let's say, it is quite high. so what we have to do is to enable these young people to fulfil their wishes, their dreams. and the government is leaving no stone unturned — non—repayable home—building loans worth over $30,000, tax incentives, nursery places just some of the encouragements on offer, as prime minister 0rban told this conference. but then came covid. after rising for much of 2020, the birth rate plummeted in december and january. and one unpublished study
suggests that each extra baby born in hungary in 2020 cost the taxpayer $50,000 — money some social policy experts suggest could be better spent. the bulk of that money is spent on better—off families — families who already are either wealthy or they have a stable financial situation, stable incomes. whereas those families who are now in a really bad situation — not only because of covid but that, you know, accelerated processes of unemployment — they simply get nothing. but some couples simply want big families and they are grateful for any support they can get. translation: as we want to have more babies, - we want to have a bigger house. translation: soon after- we first met, the subject came up of how many children we'd like to have realistically,
and we just looked at each other and both said "six!" yeah, there was not much need for debate. the state helped them buy this strip of land adjacent to their own to build the bigger place they will need for all those children. but the longer the economic crisis caused by the pandemic lasts, the fewer couples likely to share their enthusiasm. nick thorpe, bbc news, hungary. emergency authorities in australia are warning of "life—threatening" flash flooding as storms batter parts of the east coast. evacuation orders are in place in many low—lying areas. david campa nale reports. the aftermath of significant record—breaking rainfall in new south wales. got to go around to the other side of the car now to get the other patient out. across australia's most populous state, dozens of people have been rescued from floodwaters, and residents in many low—lying
communities ordered to leave. major highways have been closed and wild surf is battering the coast. more storms are forecast in the coming days and parts of eastern australia could receive up to a metre of rain in the space ofjust a week. officials say sydney is facing what they are calling a rain bomb. the main water reservoir though has overflowed for the first time in years as the city of 5 million braces for what's coming next. in the suburbs, descriptions of fear as the first sweep of rain came through the area. and then we saw the tornado form and then we saw trees and plants and people's furniture flying in the air, rubbish bins. and then i screamed and just ran back inside. i've never been so scared in my life. it felt like a movie. there have been over 500 rescue operations from the rising floodwaters. state political leaders
said the storms could last for some days yet. and gave a plea to residents to obey evacuation warnings. i hate to say this again to all our citizens of this state, but it's not going to be an easy week for us. but i know that no matter what comes our way, we'll be able to deal with it. the federal government said the extreme weather has affected its covid—i9 vaccine delivery in sydney and throughout the state, but said delays should only last a few days. australia plans to deliver the first vaccine doses to almost 6 million people over the next few weeks. david campanale, bbc news. a volcano in south—west iceland has erupted, releasing streams of lava from under the earth's surface. the fissure, 30 kilometres from the capital, reykjavik, is more than 500 metres long. it's the first eruption in the area in centuries. 0ur europe correspondent jean mackenzie visited the volcano last week. the lava bursting through
a long crack in the earth's crust, the moment icelanders have been bracing for turns into a spectacle, rather than a threat. translation: the nation has| been waiting with bated breath the lava bursting through a long crack in the earth's translation: the nation has| been waiting with bated breath for three weeks for itto happen and it's been 15 months since seismic activity began increasing significantly on the peninsula. since the activity ratcheted up three weeks ago, iceland has recorded more than 50,000 earthquakes, a sign this eruption was imminent. we visited the volcanic area just 20 miles from the capital reykjavik last week. the eruption is going to happen most likely just beyond that ridge. this island — which straddles two tectonic plates — is used to eruptions. but not here, this area has sat dormant for centuries. this is very different
to the explosive eruption in 2010 that blanketed the skies of europe in ash for weeks. the biggest threat this time is the pollution from the gases released. with residents being asked to keep their windows shut. translation: people | have been growing tired of the significant earthquakes that are constantly keeping us awake, there's been growing anxiety and some residents said, if there's going to be an eruption, it might as welljust happen. icelanders have nicknamed the pretty eruptions "tourist eruptions" but with no tourists around to witness this one, it is the locals who get to marvel at their latest geological wonder. jean mackenzie, bbc news. lancaster university — he told me the eruption does not pose any immediate threat. it is one of these very gentle lava eruptions where the lava is moving very closely and you
can get up quite close to the lava front without too much problem. in fact i have been watching the webcam for part of today and a lot of people are there. icelanders are use to these eruptions, they know how to act safely and to care at these eruptions. if to act safely and to care at these eruptions.— these eruptions. if you're watching _ these eruptions. if you're watching the _ these eruptions. if you're watching the webcam - these eruptions. if you're watching the webcam it l these eruptions. if you're - watching the webcam it must be very hard to get any sleep, presumably this must be a very exciting time for you. it is him it's — exciting time for you. it is him it's been _ exciting time for you. it is him it's been six - exciting time for you. it is him it's been six years - exciting time for you. it is i him it's been six years since the last eruption in iceland and it is quite amazing to see one in this particular place because it's been 600 years since the last eruption here but with the intensity of the earthquakes over the last 15 months particularly the last three weeks, there was odds on that something interesting was going to happen. they were able to detect magma moving beneath the crust and along a big fissure or tunnel. a new eruption was putting up and was only a brush —— a question of time before this eruption. the
big question was where. time before this eruption. the big question was where. is it big question was where. is it ossible big question was where. is it possible it — big question was where. is it possible it could _ big question was where. is it possible it could erupt somewhere else as well or, does this release the pressure? it releases a bit of the pressure. i suspect this is the start of what might be a sequence of eruptions but to be honest, we don't have a very good track record of what happened in the past to predict what might happen in the future. 800 years ago there weren't many people in this area, records were not brilliant, so everybody is looking a little bit anxious of what we might be waiting for her in the future as ison, but in iceland i think these incessant earthquakes that were keeping everyone awake and keeping everyone awake and keeping everyone awake and keeping everyone distressed, they have been tamped down now, it is a small eruption, one of the smallest eruptions i can recall over the last 30 or a0 years in iceland at the moment. at the moment, good caveat. you say it's about 800 years since
there was such activity in this area but it's only a matter of area but it's only a matter of a few years since the last eruption in iceland, the ash that was sent up meant that flights had to be cancelled. any chance of that happening here do you think? absolutely not. here do you think? absolutely not- thht's — here do you think? absolutely not. that's reassuring. - here do you think? absolutely not. that's reassuring. this i not. that's reassuring. this area has — not. that's reassuring. this area has novocaine - not. that's reassuring. this area has novocaine is - not. that's reassuring. this l area has novocaine is capable of producing large disruptive ash because as we saw in 2010 and just the year after in 2011 that stopped a few fights. there is no type of volcano that can do that here. the type of eruption we are seeing, gentle lava fusion, plumes of toxic gas, but there is no explosions, nothing to indicate there might be a problem with air travel and there might be a problem with airtraveland in there might be a problem with air travel and in fact at the airport last night, only 20 condors away, it's close and briefly, they checked briefly, they reopen, tourists flew and had a wonderful view of the eruption as they landed.
you can reach me on twitter @philippabbc — thanks for watching bbc news. hello there. most parts of the country are going to have a dry day on sunday with some sunshine at times. on saturday, the sunshine was focused more across eastern scotland in the north—east of england, and temperatures reached 17 celsius at bridlington, 18 in aboyne, aberdeenshire after a frosty start. quite a bit colder in merseyside and kent. those areas may get a little bit milder during sunday but we're not expecting 17 celsius because that warmth was ahead of this weak weather front here that's been bringing some thicker cloud and a little drizzle southwards. but once that moves through, it actually introduces cool air, a different sort of air mass. so, temperatures will be quite as high on sunday despite the fact that there will be more sunshine more widely. and by the time we get
to the morning, temperatures could be close to freezing where we've got those clear skies around lothian, fife and tayside. we still have some more cloud and some damp weather across south wales and the south west of england to move away and it should brighten up in the afternoon. still quite cloudy in the far north of scotland, a bit damp as well. but elsewhere we should see some sunshine coming through from time to time. and the winds, they should be quite light as well but remember, the area is a bit cooler on sunday. so, temperatures are typically 10—12 celsius, may be lower than that in norfolk with the onshore breeze and also in the far north of scotland. but high pressure is keeping it quiet throughout the weekend and into the beginning of next week keeping these weather fronts at bay in from the atlantic. so, we're looking at cloud again and how much there will be and i think many places will see a little sunshine at times on monday. always more cloud towards the north—west. with the breeze picking a little bit up here, there could be some drizzle in the north—west of scotland but again temperatures aren't changing very much. typically 11—12 celsius, that's near normal for this time of the year. and moving quickly onto tuesday, it's
a similar sort of picture. again, some sunshine in many areas, a fair bit of cloud around too, mind you. you'll probably notice a stronger breeze, i think, on tuesday. similar sort of temperatures and rain is not far away from the north—west. now, that band of rain on a very weak weather front will push its way eastwards tuesday night and into wednesday, and then pressure will fall and we're looking at our weather to come in from the atlantic. so that means it's going to eventually more unsettled. later on in the week i suspect and as you can see, most of the winter weather will be toward the north and northwest of the uk. there won't be much rain at all in the south—east.
this is bbc news, the headlines. thousands of people have taken part in protests across europe, against coronavirus—related restrictions. it comes as a third wave of infections forced millions more in the eu back into lockdown. in istanbul, thousands took to the streets over turkey's decision to pull out of an international treaty aimed at preventing violence against women and girls. the government there says existing laws already offer protection but the main opposition party says abandoning the treaty keeps women as second class citizens, leaving them to be killed. the premier of new south wales has pleaded with residents to heed evacuation warnings as life—threatening flash floods threaten australia's most populous state. police have criticised hundreds of motorists who ignored warnings to keep off flooded roads and had to be rescued.