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tv   BBC News  BBC News  January 31, 2021 10:00am-10:30am GMT

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this is bbc world news. our top stories. protests start across russia in support of opposition leader alexei navalny, demonstrators say they want him released from prison. here's the scene live in moscow, where police have begun making arrests in the past hour with reports of hundreds being detained already. uk international trade secretarey liz truss tries to dampen the row over vaccine nationalism saying she wants to help other countries get the vaccine we think that vaccine protectionism is fundamentally problematic. this is fundamentally problematic. this is a global problem that needs global solutions. what we want to do is help other countries, including in the developing world, get the
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vaccines they need. a new visa scheme that gives millions of people from hong kong greater opportunities to live and work in the uk comes into force. manchester united player marcus rashford says he's been subjected to racist abuse online following his club's draw at arsenal — he called it �*humanity and social media at its worst�* hello and welcome to bbc news if you're watching in the uk or around the world — stay with us for the latest analysis from here and around the globe. supporters in russia of the opposition leader alexei navalny have been demonstrating across the country, in defiance of warnings by police not to join protests demanding his release. police have made an estimated 100 arrests so far in moscow, where the largest series of demonstrations are expected despite a heavy police
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presence in the capital. police have held at least 500 people throughout the country, which saw demonstrations in its far east and siberian cities. this is the scene in central moscow, where demonstrators are gathering and where police are making arrests. rallies like this one have been under way throughout the country including in the eastern cities of vladivostok and novosibirsk. a of vladivostok and novosibirsk. lot of security arou country. our correspondent sarah rainsford is in central moscow. sarah, just bring us up to date. what is the picture there, what is the mood?— what is the picture there, what is the mood? ~ �*, , . the mood? well, it's complete chaos, basicall . i the mood? well, it's complete chaos, basically- i was _ the mood? well, it's complete chaos, basically. i was speaking _ the mood? well, it's complete chaos, basically. i was speaking to _ the mood? well, it's complete chaos, basically. i was speaking to an - the mood? well, it's complete chaos, basically. i was speaking to an hour i basically. i was speaking to an hour ago, there was a small crowd, pretty
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much outnumbered by police, but now the protesters are definitely in the majority here. they basically, the authorities have created a problem for themselves, authorities have created a problem forthemselves, because authorities have created a problem for themselves, because they blocked off the square where this process is meant to take place and instead what they have is big groups of protesters gathering all over the place and converging wherever they possibly can. so i'm down the road from where we were earlier, i'm down towards the main train station here in moscow and i've seen people running through the traffic, trying desperately to escape from riot police, squads of riot police chasing after them, trying desperately to catch them and arrest them. there are protesters on both sides of the pavement in the snow, you can hear the sirens of police prison vans which are heading down the street towards me as well. some of them probably already full of protesters because they have been a lot of detentions in the last hour. as i say, riot police squads swooning and swarming, sweeping,
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rather into the crowd, picking people out and dragging them away. the crowd hear a pin shouting the alexei navalny�*s release. they have been chanting that vladimir putin is a thief. it's a young crowd, but it's growing all the time, groups of people converging from different points in the city. they seem to be choosing this area that is right by the train station. find choosing this area that is right by the train station.— the train station. and 'ust to put these the train station. and just to put these demonstrations _ the train station. and just to put these demonstrations into - the train station. and just to put i these demonstrations into context, how worried will vladimir putin be by them and how much support around russia as alexei navalny have? just listen to the — russia as alexei navalny have? jut listen to the sound. i mean, if you want to hear me, i have to walk away from it, but i've never seen anything like this in moscow. there are crowds on the pavement, there are crowds on the pavement, there are cars passing, hooting their horns, people waving out of the window, the man in front of me had a
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victory sign. he is taking a victory sign it through the window of the car. this is extraordinary. the authorities are concerned. you only have to look at the reaction that there has been to last week's protest to see how concerned they are. not only is alexei navalny behind bars but because some of his key allies are facing criminal charges, they are being held under house arrest, potentially facing a couple of years in prison. there were 4000 people detained across the country last weekend. some of them will be serving short sentences, some will be fined, but the whole aim is to deter people from protesting. butjust in front of me, a swarm of people crossing the road. they are not shouting anything, they are not chanting, you wouldn't necessarily know they were protesters unless you look around and see that you we are now surrounded by a sea of people. a lot of the main facemasks, calling for alexei navalny�*s release. the of the main facemasks, calling for alexei navalny's release.- alexei navalny's release. the fact that peeple _ alexei navalny's release. the fact that peeple are — alexei navalny's release. the fact that people are coming _ alexei navalny's release. the fact that people are coming out - alexei navalny's release. the fact
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that people are coming out in - that people are coming out in support of alexei navalny and against putin, is a vindication of the former�*s decision to come back to russia. a lot of people are thinking he was incredibly brave to return from germany after that novichok poisoning but he did come back and he has begun the protest movement. he back and he has begun the protest movement-— back and he has begun the protest movement. . , , . , , , movement. he has, yeah. i guess this is what he was — movement. he has, yeah. i guess this is what he was hoping _ movement. he has, yeah. i guess this is what he was hoping would - movement. he has, yeah. i guess this is what he was hoping would happen. | is what he was hoping would happen. i think you knew very well but he was going to be detained. he knew he was going to be detained. he knew he was coming back to face the rest of this, he made that very clear before he set foot on russian soil and as soon as he did that, he was detained. the kremlin have a very difficult calculation. up until now, they never dared put it behind bars. he has had police detention, short custodial sentences, but never a prison sentence and that's what he's facing now. the point was that in the past, it was always thought that the past, it was always thought that the kremlin was too worried about the kremlin was too worried about the potential political backlash, that he was a man who had people who supported across the country, a network of offices of headquarters
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across the country as well. so, yes, he is not vladimir putin, but he does have support across this country. and his cause, the cause of anti—corruption, that's because mobilises people like nothing else here. particularly at the moment, when people are really feeling the pinch, when the pandemic is made people feel less economically sure that they have been a long time. i think the kremlin is concerned that this is feeding into a broad discontent, general protest mood that has been increasing in recent months and they are worried that alexei navalny can bring people out onto the streets and that this could escalate. w ., onto the streets and that this could escalate. ,,. ., ., ~ onto the streets and that this could escalate. ., ., ~ , ., ., , escalate. sarah, thank you for being with us. sarah _ escalate. sarah, thank you for being with us. sarah raynsford, _ escalate. sarah, thank you for being with us. sarah raynsford, live - escalate. sarah, thank you for being with us. sarah raynsford, live in - with us. sarah raynsford, live in central moscow. the uk's international trade secretary, liz truss, has said she's confident there will be no hold up in supplies of the pfizer biontech vaccine, coming to the uk from its factory in belgium.
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last week the uk became embroiled in a row about the supply of vaccines to europe. the eu was accused of an act of hostility when it announced, then withdrew, a threat to use border checks on the island of ireland to protect its supplies. 0ur political correspondent jessica parker is with me. this has been an absolutely extraordinary few days in the history of relations between the uk and the eu. where are we now with it? to what extent is conciliation and peace broken out between the uk and peace broken out between the uk and the eu? {lit and peace broken out between the uk and the eu? .., , and peace broken out between the uk and the eu? _, , .,, and the eu? of course, it was the first minister _ and the eu? of course, it was the first minister of _ and the eu? of course, it was the first minister of northern - and the eu? of course, it was the j first minister of northern ireland, arlene foster, who talked about an act of hostility on the part of the european commission. i think the uk government have been trying to strike a conciliatory note and it's interesting. the move, temporary though it was, by the eu on friday night, to suspend article 16 of the northern ireland protocol as it tried to control the export of the vaccines, they quickly backtracked on that, but the taoiseach in
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ireland was talking about people being blindsided about what happened on friday night. a fairly extraordinary turn of events. liz truss, the international trade secretary, was asked this morning on the andrew marr programme, with the uk potentially impose controls the other way? we uk potentially impose controls the other wa ? ~ ., uk potentially impose controls the otherwa ? ~ . ., ., uk potentially impose controls the otherwa 7~ . ., ., ., other way? we are in favour of free and fair trade _ other way? we are in favour of free and fair trade and _ other way? we are in favour of free and fair trade and we _ other way? we are in favour of free and fair trade and we led _ other way? we are in favour of free and fair trade and we led the - other way? we are in favour of free and fair trade and we led the fight l and fair trade and we led the fight at the _ and fair trade and we led the fight at the 620 — and fair trade and we led the fight at the 620 to... limit anything saying. — at the 620 to... limit anything saying. we _ at the 620 to... limit anything saying, we control the flow of goods and we _ saying, we control the flow of goods and we think that vaccine protections are fundamentally problematic. . we want to help other countries, _ problematic. . we want to help other countries, including the developing world, _ countries, including the developing world, get— countries, including the developing world, get the vaccines they need. so world, get the vaccines they need. 50 we _ world, get the vaccines they need. 50 we can— world, get the vaccines they need. so we can make sure that the whole world _ so we can make sure that the whole world is _ so we can make sure that the whole world is vaccinated. it's interesting listen to liz truss and other ministers talking about helping other countries. we don't have a lot of detail on that but we
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get the sense that the uk may have some sort of surplus of vaccines, not now of course, but may be in the coming months. it's not clear we would help of the conditions would be, but there is a lot of interest. which takes us to the government's target and providing the vaccine, offering the vaccine. just talk us through what extent they look like they're going to meet those targets. there is a target tonight over offering the vaccines are all elderly care home residents. but are they on track? i don't think we'll find out until tomorrow the exact figures. the mid—february target of vaccinating the top four priority groups in the top nine priority groups in the top nine priority groups by the spring and then all adults by the autumn. the government is still sounding pretty confident about those medium to longer—term goals but there is added uncertainty to further you look the future. the labour leader, said keir starmer, said earlier this week that he thought the february half term, so just after that mid—february target date, should be used to vaccinate all teachers and it's a policy that
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his shadow cabinet member rachel reeves has been talking about this morning. phase one should be completed by the miller february. we're not saying that he _ miller february. we're not saying that he should should be vaccinated in phase _ that he should should be vaccinated in phase one, we are saying in the second _ in phase one, we are saying in the second phase, can we bring teachers in? so— second phase, can we bring teachers in? so we're — second phase, can we bring teachers in? so we're not suggesting phase one, _ in? so we're not suggesting phase one. but— in? so we're not suggesting phase one, but phase two. second, when schools— one, but phase two. second, when schools went back at the beginning of september, within a couple of weeks. _ of september, within a couple of weeks, 25,000 teachers were of the classroom _ weeks, 25,000 teachers were of the classroom having to self—isolate. the only— classroom having to self—isolate. the only way we will get kids back to school— the only way we will get kids back to school is — the only way we will get kids back to school is not bandy around dates of the _ to school is not bandy around dates of the government are doing, it's putting _ of the government are doing, it's putting irr— of the government are doing, it's putting in place a proper plan. it is interesting in hearing rachel reeves talking about that, it's something thejc reeves talking about that, it's something the jc vi reeves talking about that, it's something thejc vi should be looking at, so we might see a slight softening of the line there from labour. the first minister of wales, labour's mark drakeford said that he would be sticking to what thejc vi recommended.
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would be sticking to what the jc vi recommended.— investigators from the world health organization have arrived at a seafood market in the chinese city of wuhan, where the coronavirus was first detected. some chinese diplomats and state media have said they believe the wet market is not the origin of the outbreak. 0ur china correspondent steve mcdonnell sent this from wuhan. well, it's a very big day, at least symbolically for the who investigation team in wuhan because they are here at the huanan market. people will remember that it's here where, before it was closed down, we saw the first clusters of coronavirus emerging. and because of that, and the fact that there are lots of exotic animals being sold previously in the market, there was a theory that possibly, it was right here that the coronavirus jumped from one of those animals into human beings. however, it also possible that this really was just a place where the coronavirus spread,
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because it's just a crowded location, so maybe somebody came here, they were infected and then many more others got sick as a result of that. other way, we are not able to see what the who investigation team is doing inside, so we are not quite sure how they hope that this visit will lead to a better understanding of the origins of the coronavirus. but earlier today, they went to a massive wholesale market and there, they spoke to people about seafood, actually. and that's because there is another theory that the coronavirus possibly was able to survive for longer than we thought on frozen seafood. now, the chinese government likes this theory because, if it was possible, may be the coronavirus didn't originate here after all. maybe it came in on, say, a frozen norwegian salmon. who knows?
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either way, they won't be able to tell is at the end of this trip whether that's true are not. they also won't be able to tell is whether this market was the source of the virus. the scientists are saying it's a very complex matter, it will take time and we are alljust going to have to wait. environmental groups are calling on the government to review the hs2 rail project in the light of the pandemic. the high speed line was signed off by borisjohnson almost a year ago, before travel ground to a halt as covid hit the uk. construction is underway and the first phase between london and birmingham is due to open at the end of 2026. the manchester united footballer, marcus rashford, has revealed he's been subjected to racist abuse online after his side's goalless draw against arsenal. on twitter, the 22—year—old said he was subjected to "humanity and social media at its worst". over the past week, the game has seen a series of incidents which have reignited calls for social media companies to tackle discrimination. former england player ian wright is calling for more to be done. as long as the powers that be will continue to let people like that feel like it's something they can do, because it seems to be the fad now.
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a black player plays poorly, or they think they played poorly, and they come with all the emojis and whatever it is. but until they do something, really do something. such as? exactly! you have got your phone, sometimes you are talking about shoes, jumpers, and all of a sudden, shoes and jumpers and stuff come to your phone. there's ways of doing it, there is ways of being able to catch people, but i don't think they are vigilant enough. nowhere near. protests start across russia in support ofjailed opposition leader alexei navalny here's the scene live in moscow — in the past hour police have begun arresting demonstrators, with reports of hundreds being detained already uk international trade secretarey liz truss tries to dampen the row over vaccine nationalism — saying she wants to help other countries get the vaccine.
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a year ago today the first two patients with covid—i9 in the uk were being treated in hospital in newcastle. a woman aged 50 and a 23—year—old student had fallen ill in york and were initially treated in hull before being transferred in the early hours of january the 31st. since then, hospitals have treated more than 320,000 patients with covid. so how much have treatments changed over the course of the past year and how much more do we know and understand about the virus? professor anthony gordon is a consultant in intensive care medicine at imperial college london. he's been looking at how drugs for rheumatoid arthritis may help treat covid—i9. he explained to me earlier what the studies have found. we've been looking at treatments for the sickest patients with coronavirus and we've learned over time that part of the problem with
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this virus is that it produces a lot of inflammation in sick patients and so we have been looking at various ways to dampen down that inflammatory response. we saw that first steroids in the summer, but more specifically, we've seen these drugs with complicated names, that block specific pathways in the body's inflammatory response, which can help the sickest patients recover from coronavirus. can help the sickest patients recoverfrom coronavirus. j’m can help the sickest patients recover from coronavirus. i'm glad ou said recover from coronavirus. i'm glad you said those _ recover from coronavirus. i'm glad you said those names _ recover from coronavirus. i'm glad you said those names because - recover from coronavirus. i'm glad| you said those names because they are a bit tricky. are they now being used? i know steroid drugs are regularly used in the treatment of covid patients in hospital. what about the arthritis drugs? yes. covid patients in hospital. what about the arthritis drugs? yes, they are bein: about the arthritis drugs? yes, they are being used _ about the arthritis drugs? yes, they are being used now. _ about the arthritis drugs? yes, they are being used now. it's _ about the arthritis drugs? yes, they are being used now. it's only- about the arthritis drugs? yes, they are being used now. it's onlyjust i are being used now. it's onlyjust recently that we saw the full results and we are still working through them, but i know several thousand patients have already been treated with these drugs and we are
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working to try and work out exactly how to use them most effectively. it seems so far, the evidence would suggest that it is the sicker patients who need the additional support with their breathing. so not just an oxygen mask, but those patients who respond to the steroids, who need the high—pressure masks all the high flow oxygen. these are the patients that benefit. and you talked about the need to dampen down the inflammatory response. how is it, then, how is it that an arthritis drug can do that? well, the body has inflammatory pathways that it responds whenever there is injury, infection and so on, and some of these are similar and involved in thejoint inflammation in arthritis. and it seems that they are activated and become a problem within the lung and
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covert. —— in covid. and they are having a strong inflammatory responses which lead to the breathing problem. we've seen now that you can help unblock those specific pathways. hopefully, what we will learn over time,... important to tackle a body's response to the virus. that's professor — response to the virus. that's professor anthony _ response to the virus. that's professor anthony gordon. l from today the uk is introducing a visa system that will give millions of people from hong kong greater opportunities to live and work in the uk. it will also provide them with a route to british citizenship but the chinese foreign ministry said it will no longer recognise the bno passport as a travel document. julian chan is the head of public affairs for hongkongers in britain. hejoins me. and you came here a couple of years ago from hong kong?— and you came here a couple of years ago from hong kong? that's right. we are very concerned _
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ago from hong kong? that's right. we are very concerned with _ ago from hong kong? that's right. we are very concerned with the _ are very concerned with the situation in hong kong of course now, which is leading to so many people trying to leave and the biggest reason for that is that many people from hong kong see the one country, two systems, which was promised, illegally binding treaty under the un, promised, illegally binding treaty underthe un, no promised, illegally binding treaty under the un, no longer properly functions. we see that promises have been broken. under the one country, two systems, hong kong was promised a freedom of speech, assembly, press and publication, but events which have been taking place since 2019 when i was there when most notably, the suppression of the large—scale peaceful demonstrations. the excessive force and brutality used by the hong kong police and protesters and more lately, the imposition of the national security law without consulting hong kongers has effectively brought all the promised freedoms to an end. that's why it led to so many people leaving. amongst the key findings
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that we did, according to a policy study, that we conducted, 96% of our respondents consider hong kong no longer a safe and free home that they are used to living in after the passing of the national security law. 50 passing of the national security law, ., passing of the national security law. ., , passing of the national security law. so we have this new visa system now that the — law. so we have this new visa system now that the uk _ law. so we have this new visa system now that the uk is _ law. so we have this new visa system now that the uk is introduced - law. so we have this new visa system now that the uk is introduced from . now that the uk is introduced from today. how many people, do you think, i know it's hard to estimate guess, but how many would you think would want to get out of hong kong and come here?— would want to get out of hong kong and come here? well, the home office has made an — and come here? well, the home office has made an impact _ and come here? well, the home office has made an impact assessment - has made an impact assessment predicting that there could be around 278,000 bno holders who will be applying for this visa in the first year and be applying for this visa in the first yearand up be applying for this visa in the first year and up to about 400,000 by the end of next year. whereas, for our policy study report that we published last month, we researched on when our respondents intend to apply that the bno visa and about 80% of those who say that they will apply within the next two years, which may be a much higher number
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than what the home office is expecting, and we actually provided these, as policy recommendations, to these, as policy recommendations, to the home office and also the house of commons. ilrrui’iilii the home office and also the house of commons-— of commons. will the chinese authorities _ of commons. will the chinese authorities that _ of commons. will the chinese authorities that these - of commons. will the chinese authorities that these people | of commons. will the chinese - authorities that these people leave? can these people get out? that’s authorities that these people leave? can these people get out? that's the big question- — can these people get out? that's the big question- as _ can these people get out? that's the big question. as you _ can these people get out? that's the big question. as you say, _ can these people get out? that's the big question. as you say, china - can these people get out? that's the big question. as you say, china has l big question. as you say, china has been responding by announcing that it is no longer regarding the british national overseas passport as a valid document, where this is another piece of evidence to show that china has breached thejoint declaration whereby beijing is only saying this is a historical document with no practical significance. i think the worry is that this move may only be the start of many more developments to come. for example, including the banning of bno from holding public office in hong kong, limiting rights, controlling the outflow of capital. further restricting the freedom of movement of hong kong people as you say. it
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remains to be seen how difficult it is for hong kong people to come to the uk. australia has reopened a coronavirus travel bubble with new zealand. travellers to australia will be screened before and after flights for the next ten days, but will no longer be required to enter quarantine. the australian government had suspended the travel bubble arrangements last monday when new zealand recorded its first case in the community in two months. thousands of people have been asked to self—isolate in guernsey after a steep rise in coronavirus infections. there have been 44 cases in the past 24 hours — some of them linked to a dance festival last week. anyone who attended the event has been told to self—isolate. the island has recorded 186 infections in the past week, up from just eight. the idea of going to a festival is something very much on hold for the moment. and crowds and parties are definitely not on the billing at this year's film festival in gothenburg. the event is also pushing the boundaries of isolation —
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from the middle of the ocean, as tanya dendrinos has been finding out. located at the edge of an archipelago off sweden's west this coast, this tiny island is in one of the country's most barren and windswept locations. now, its home to the isolated cinema, an experiment expanding on the theme of social distancing as part of the gothenburg film festival. after a rich 40—year history, the event normally attracts 150,000 visitors. but this cinema is strictly for one. i feel privileged to be able to do this. to be able to watch all these amazing movies in an isolated cinema experience. lisa has swapped all connections to the outside world. her phone, friends and family, for seven days, for the ocean, and 60 film premiers.
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the chosen one from more than 12,000 applicants from around the globe. we chose lisa because she's a big film lover and that was very important for us, that there will be somebody who can appreciate the films that we love so much, and we decided to programme at the festival, but she has also dedicated this past year in the front line against covid—19 pandemic. she is an emergency nurse at the hospital in skovde. you can follow her experience through a daily video diary, with the overarching aim to determine the answer to one question. what exactly does film mean to us when we are isolated from everything else? tanya dendrinos, bbc news. the animals guitarist hilton valentine has died at the age
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of 77. the band's version of the house of the rising sun topped the charts in 1964. the group had six other top 10 hits including �*don't let me be misunderstood' and �*we gotta get out of this place'. their record label said that valentine, who was born in north shields, "influenced the sound of rock music for decades". you're watching bbc news. lets check out the latest weather forecast. hello there. for some of us, it has been a glorious start to the day. the early morning sunrise and fiery skies in this weatherwatcher picture from the cambridgeshire area sent in by alpacalady and nearby, abingtonanne spotted these skies in the same sort of area, earlier this morning. now, although it has been a fine start to the day for some of us, it has been a cold start for nearly all of us. the —13 at braemar tied with the lowest temperature we have seen so far this winter.
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0n the satellite picture, we have got cloud working into western areas and that's going to bring some rain and a bit of hill snow as again, it bumps against this cold air that's in place for much of the uk. for today, plenty of sunshine for scotland and england, it is across wales and northern ireland we will see the rain turn to snow across the hills of wales, to the sperrins and county down and tyrone likely to see a spell of snow, with a few centimetres building in here and this area very likely to push into south—east england this afternoon, maybe a bit of sleet across the salisbury plain as it does so. and we may well see a few flakes of snow even across the cotswolds and chilterns as we head into the evening time. probably not too dramatic, though . 0vernight will be cold and frosty across the northern half of the uk, but the air starting to turn a little bit less cold across the far south of england and the far south of wales, with the frost a little bit more limited in nature here. monday's charts shows fragments of weather fronts across the uk, really.
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the most significant across northern ireland, probably with the rain and hill snow threatening to return here later in the day. scotland, still a few showers across northern and eastern areas, so a frosty and somewhat icy start to the day but lots of dry weather and sunshine here. it should stay mostly fine across england and wales, albeit with a bit more cloud, temperatures not quite as low as they were during sunday afternoon. 0n into tuesday, we have got a more significant weather front bumping into cold air, outbreaks of rain pushing north, turning very mild in the south, but we are looking at a spell of heavy snow across the hills of northern england and scotland, particularly long—lived spell of snow across the high ground to the north of the central belt. 12—13 degrees in the south, barely above freezing for some where the snow is coming down. that snow�*s likely to bring the risk of some disruption to higher parts of northern england and scotland, monday night into tuesday.
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this is bbc news, the headlines... protests start across russia in support of opposition leader, alexei navalny. demonstrators say they want him released from prison. here's the scene live in moscow, where police have begun making arrests, with reports of hundreds being detained already. uk international trade secretarey liz truss tries to dampen the row over vaccine nationalism, saying she wants to help other countries get the vaccine. a new visa scheme that gives millions of people from hong kong

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