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tv   Our World  BBC News  July 13, 2019 9:30pm-10:01pm BST

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at the wimbledon tennis championships, simona halep has become the first romanian to win the women's singles title, beating the seven times champion, serena williams. halep won in straight sets, crushing the american 6—2, 6—2. al—shabaab militants have killed 26 people and injured many more in their biggest attack in years on the southern somali port of kismayo. politicians, aid workers and journalists were among the victims. in one of its most important space missions in decades, russia has launched a telescope that will map x—rays across the entire sky in unprecedented detail. scientists hope it will identify a huge number of new x—ray sources such as black holes. at ten o'clock, kate silverton will be here with a full roundup of the day's news. before that, our world.
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china is now thought to be holding more than a million muslims in camps in its far west region of xinjiang. reporterjohn sudworth gets rare, highly controlled access to go inside. muslims are being detained. mosques demolished. thoughts transformed. and children are disappearing. with rare official access... have you been convicted of a crime? ..our own evidence... and testimony from more than 60 grieving relatives... where are they now? ..we find out what's really happening in china's far
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western region of xinjiang. china used to deny that these places exist. but now we are being given a tour. taken inside some of the giant secure facilities thought to hold more than a million muslims. music plays. this is what china wants the world to see. offered up as proof that these are not prisoners but students. willingly being guided away from extremism. is it your choice to be here?
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government officials watch over every interview. this is how thoughts are transformed. xinjiang's uighurs, kazakhs and other minorities who have their own languages and culture spend long hours rote—learning chinese. studying china's tightening restrictions on religion. and replacing their religious and cultural identity with something else. "i love the communist party of china," this man has written. how often are you able to pray?
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these are places where adults wear uniforms. and where they don't go home at the end of the day, but sleep up to ten a room, sharing a toilet with no idea how many months or years it will be before they can return to theirfamilies. if they don't want to come, then what happens? it isn't a place where people have to come? obey the rules, stay until you allow them to leave? it sounds more like a prison, even if it's a prison where you can do some art. i think a definition of a prison isn't about what happens inside... it's whether you can leave or not.
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over the past few years, a vast network of high security facilities has been built across china's western region of xinjiang. surrounded by high walls, barbed wire and watchtowers. but in some of the places we are being taken to, the satellite images show the internal security fencing and what look like watchtowers were taken down shortly before the tours forjournalists began. and empty exercise yards have been transformed into sports facilities. on full display when we visited.
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but if these are show camps, what might that say about the places we're not given access to? with their watchtowers and barbed wire still in place, they look much less like schools. and we are much less welcome. and everywhere we go, the locked and deserted homes hint at the scale of the system, and at a definition of extremism that now includes the mildest of islamic customs and beliefs. so, here it is in black and white — a notice telling people living in this village that certain religious practices are banned. at this point here, number ten, it says the wearing of long beards for young men is not to be allowed. rakhima senbay, who now lives in kazakhstan, spent more than a year in the chinese camp system just
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for having whatsapp on her phone. only towards the end was she in a facility resembling those we've been shown. mostly she was in much tougher camps, including this one. when you see the pictures that china is showing the world, of happy muslims studying hard, dancing even, inside these facilities that they call schools, what do you think?
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singing. what, one wonders, might these people have been told by the officials ahead of our visit. then they switch from uighur, their mother tongue, to chinese lyrics, written by president xijinping. singing.
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they've been convicted of no crime, faced no trial. but, we're told, china now believes it can determine their in advance. —— but, we're told, china now believes it can determine their guilt in advance.
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it's a policy of treating people as pre—criminals. backed up in gruesome detail by an exhibition that we're taken to. it's designed to prove that china is responding rationally to years of sporadic separatist violence. we are also taken to the id kah mosque in the city of kashgar, one of xinjiang's holiest sites. faith is alive and well, we are told, with a government approved imam insisting that there is no ban on long beards. once again, the satellite pictures
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tell a different story. right across the region, mosques are being destroyed. over the past two years, in cities, towns and villages, dozens of religious sites once clearly visible on the satellite images have been turned into patches of bare earth. i asked if we can get to the mosque and he says the road is closed. we think it's onlyjust been closed moments before our arrival. we've seen a number of other people on motorbikes, scooters, some cars as well, stopping and asking why they can't get through. we are hoping to find out what's happened to this, the gatehouse of the aitika mosque in the city of keriya.
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its distinctive shadow shows it was still standing in late 2017. but now it's gone, overwhelmed by the surrounding commercial development. we get close enough to film the building work. marooned in the middle, the mosque‘s prayer hall with its domed towers is still intact. but there is construction machinery on the spot where the gatehouse once stood. nearby, traditional uighur neighbourhoods are being demolished too. the old homes are visible in this image from two years ago. whole swathes have disappeared just a few months later. this patch of land encapsulates perfectly the two driving forces of modern china.
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political stability and economic development. there is no doubting that these neighbourhoods were poor, but by demolishing them, by repressing the faith of those who lived in them and by forcing hundreds of thousands of them to re—education, the concern is that a whole history and culture are being wiped out. and now the bbc has new evidence of what is happening to their children. in account... after account. gathered in a meeting hall in istanbul... ..uighurs tell us again and again
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of the immeasurable grief of separation from their loved ones back home. do you have any idea who is looking after your children now? do you know where your children are now? for decades, ties of language and faith have brought uighurs to turkey, but now there is no way back. the three children at home, do you know where they are now? do you know who's looking after them?
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your husband was arrested? abdurahman tohti moved to turkey in 2013. three years ago, his wife and children went back to xinjiang for a short trip and vanished. then, earlier this year, he found something online. he's certain it's his son, abdulaziz, in his orphanage, speaking not in uighur, his mother tongue, but in chinese.
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alongside the camps, china has been building something else. giant new schools, many with huge dormitories. this kindergarten sleeps hundreds. the authorities seem to want to keep them hidden. we find one street blocked by the police. reports say there is a school here for 2000 children of detained parents, but we are not allowed to get any closer. this kindergarten for the children of detainees has barbed wire, cameras and signs that say only chinese should be spoken. senior officials deny
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that family separation on such a scale would cause lasting psychological damage. what is happening to those children where extended families have been taken into the camp system? but such cases are not hard to find. amine wayit, who now runs a clothes shop in turkey, recently found this picture of her stepdaughter on social media. it's a sign her close relatives are in the camps. her stepdaughter in a boarding
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school and wearing traditional chinese costume. if you could send a message to her today, what would you tell her? buried deep on the chinese internet, there is evidence to suggest there is now a deliberate policy to separate children from their roots. i have uncovered very detailed evidence of how both students and teachers in these boarding schools, if they fail to speak chinese to each other, there are severe penalties. other documents found by mr zenz mentioned psychological counselling for the children of parents taken to the camps, and the need to make
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up for the lack of family love, suggesting china is all too aware of the impact. since the camps were built, he's found an 82% jump in kindergarten places, and by even more in areas of xinjiang where uighurs are the majority. china's national increase was just 8%. the xinjiang government is attempting to gain full control over the young generation, to literally raise a new generation that has been cut off from original roots, from religious beliefs, from cultural knowledge, and even from their own language. i believe the evidence really points to what we must call a cultural genocide. kalida akytkankyzy now lives in kazakhstan. last year, her family members back in xinjiang were all taken to the camps,
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leaving her 1a grandchildren parentless. so she phoned their village official. kalida can't look for her family. anyone returning to xinjiang is likely to end up in the camps. so we look for her. the family home is locked and deserted. we call the village official. but he hangs up on us too. other families we've spoken to also give us permission to search
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for their missing relatives. but we find no one. only the signs of a giant vanishing. back on our official tour, job training, we are told, is crucial for people's transformation. how long does it take to learn how to make a bed? just to learn to make the bed, four months? we would call that brainwashing.
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in 2015, we filmed the crowds, young and old, turning up to pray at the id kah mosque. beards were easy to spot. four years on, the faces are clean—shaven. and this is the scene just before prayer time. inside, a few elderly men gather in silence. isn't the truth that what we've just seen is proof that china has suffocated islam in this region?
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until recently, this place was the vibrant heart of a deeply devout society. now, there's almost no one left. late at night, we return uninvited to one of the camps we've been taken to on our official tour. long after dark, the lights still burn. and the sound of thoughts being transformed echoes late into the night. chanting.
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this weekend so far, the weather has not been bad at all. predominantly dry but if you showers here and there. the start of the week ahead is looking bad either. high pressure is looking bad either. high pressure is across the uk right now, it will continue to dominate our weather through sunday and also through monday and to an extent tuesday. after that, things look a bit sketchy. this is the forecast for saturday. high pressure across the uk, doesn't always mean blue skies, it is quite a cloudy high so we are calling it sunny spells rather than
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pure sunshine across the uk. temperatures still up to the 20s in the south, and the outside chance of one 01’ the south, and the outside chance of one or two the south, and the outside chance of one 01’ two showers across the south, and the outside chance of one or two showers across eastern and southern areas during the course of sunday afternoon. we end the weekend and i find of sunday afternoon. we end the weekend and ifind out of sunday afternoon. we end the weekend and i find out as well. monday morning, the high—pressure slap bang across the middle of the uk. very little change to our weather pattern. the indication is it will turn a bit sunnier on monday and one subtle difference is that we are going to lose the praise that we have had on the north sea coast so far this weekend so it is going to turn a little bit warmer. scarborough, only 15 degrees so far, but by the time we get to monday, it will warm upa but by the time we get to monday, it will warm up a little bit. a slight change as we head into tuesday, the high—pressure slipping further south and the low pressure is starting to push end. now, it will bring an increase in breeze and may be some showers to north—western parts of
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the uk come tuesday but for the majority of the uk the majority looking —— the weather is looking fine. warmer air will arrive from france so perhaps in the mid 20s by tuesday. on wednesday, the high—pressure driving the weather, southern parts of the uk, but in the north—west, the weather is starting to turn. the thinking is that by the time we get to wednesday, weather fronts are starting to push enough that —— push in off the atlantic. come the afternoon, rain in the north—west but still fine across the bulk of england and wales. on thursday, ali is the current forecasts suggest that cold front will start moving right across the uk so will start moving right across the uksoi will start moving right across the uk so i think many of us, thursday will get some rain whether you are in the south of the north of the country, the weather front should be moving through and bringing some outbreaks of rain. the temperatures will probably ease a little bit but not an awful lot. we're still talking about the low 20s across many parts the country. thursday,
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friday, and into the weekend, the jet stream is pretty much positioned here, thejet jet stream is pretty much positioned here, the jet stream separates the cooler air from the north, here, the jet stream separates the cooler airfrom the north, and here, the jet stream separates the cooler air from the north, and the cooler air from the north, and the cooler air from the north, and the cooler air from the south, so we get the sort of clash of warmth here, low pressures will be riding this jet stream but there is an indication that sometime next week, will start to see that warmer air coming in from the south. so, for the next ten days, fine wednesday, by thursday the cool front needs through and then the south —— warm air south of the jet stream will move through said the third week in july will potentially turn quite a bit warmer. it's a long way off.
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the metropolitan police are facing strong criticism after warning journalists they may face prosecution for publishing leaked government documents. it follows the leak and publication of secret dispatches by britain's ambassador in washington which criticised president trump — and led to the diplomat‘s resignation. the police say publication may breach the official secrets act — in a move that pits press freedom against the need to protect government secrets. also tonight... facebook and the record $5 billion fine it's facing over breaches of its users‘ privacy and data security. facebook has consistently, aggressively violated consumer privacy. and i believe, at least in the us, it's a calculated decision. new hopes for the release of an iranian oil tanker seized by royal marines, which could ease tensions

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