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tv   BBC News  BBC News  July 2, 2019 2:00am-2:31am BST

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i'm karishma vaswani in hong kong where the chief executive, carrie lam, has promised to take a hard line against the protestors who stormed and ransacked parliament. this is something that we should seriously condemn. because nothing is more important than the rule of law in hong kong. police ended the eight—hour occupation — evicting hundreds of activists. but the damage remains. many in the opposition are starting to ask questions about the wisdom of these young protesters storming into this building, whether it was really a victory of any sort or in fact it has handed victory to the government. i'm duncan golestani in london. our main story: we have a special report from the amazon rainforest,
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where huge tracts of forests are being wiped out. this is happening all over the amazon, to create new farmland, and the result is that the great forest has never been under such pressure. it is 9am in hong kong and you can see that this is the cleanup of what the protesters did to the legislative council building overnight. in the early hours of this morning, we heard from the chief executive, carrie lamb who held a news conference to condemn the violence. she said they disregarded the rule of law.
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the protests coincided with the 22nd annivesary of the handover of power from the uk to china, and the growing discontent over a proposed law which would make it easier to extradite people to china to stand trial. if the extradition bill had passed, it would have made it possible for people to face trial. rupert wingfield hayes has the latest. exactly 22 years after china took control here, the youth of hong kong today vented their fury, attempting to smash their way into the territory‘s parliament. you can see these more radical activists, they have just broken through the window of the legco building here behind me. they've managed to smash through this toughened glass and they are now trying to get inside the legco building. inside, you can see there are large numbers of riot police. so far they have held back. the destruction continued
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but the police stood by, it looked very much like they had been ordered not to intervene. meanwhile, across town, hundreds of thousands of other hong kongers were on the march, in a second huge anti—government protest. this one was completely peaceful. but even here there was sympathy for those besieging parliament. i understand what they are doing and i thank you to them for taking the risk to go to jail and try to stop the government from handing over all the lives of hong kong people to ccp. back outside parliament, the trashing continued. the police now nowhere to be seen. now they are trying to smash their way through the steel shutters. and the crowd every so often start shouting, "jiayou, jiayou" — means "add oil" — in other words, "keep
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going, keep going". what is the point of this? we only know peaceful protest is not useful any more, at this moment. so you can say it is drawing attention or make some noise to let people know what happens here and let more people know the government is not listening to our peaceful protests. finally, the steel shutters gave way and the protesters poured in. inside, the trashing continued. in the chamber they raised the old british colonial flag. what must the chinese communist government in beijing be thinking as it watches these images? how long till there are mainland chinese troops on the streets of hong kong? outside, the police had now finally massed their forces and, at midnight, they struck with a huge barrage of teargas.
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the police had now suddenly lost their earlier timidity. i am now inside that legislative chamber and, as you can see, the place has been completely cleared of protesters. the police are now firmly in control. you can still taste and smell teargas into the air here. as we have come into the building, we have seen an enormous amount of damage. this building has been badly trashed and you can see the graffiti on the wall behind me here. already tonight, many in the opposition are starting to ask questions about the wisdom of these young protesters storming into this building, whether it was really a victory of any sort or in fact it has handed a victory to the government. hong kong chief executive carrie lam has held an emergency press conference to condemn the violence. nothing is more important than the rule of law in hong kong so i hope the community at large will agree with us that, with these violent acts that we have seen, it is right for us to condemn it
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and hope society will return to normal. this graffiti calls the government "dogs", another one says, "you forced us to do this". hong kong is now more polarised than at any time since the handover. many are worried this now has gone too far but others are asking what has driven hong kong youth to such violence. rupert wingfield hayes, bbc news, hong kong. as you heard the damage to the building behind me is extensive, have taken a look around this morning and we can see that graffiti has shattered glass, this morning to cleanup operation has begun, there are dozens of people rtr sweeping the streets trying to get some semblance of normality back at the legislative council. meanwhile,
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however, if you remember, when britain handed over hong kong to china in 1997, this territory was governed and has been governed under the principle of one country, two systems. after these protests overnight, what happens to the system ? our diplomatic correspondent, james landale reports. july 1997, the moment britain handed hong kong over to china. the last governor, chris patten, presiding over one final act of empire. a handover whose legacy is still being fought over on the streets of hong kong tonight. it was back in 1984 that britain and china agreed a joint declaration that, in future, hong kong should retain some autonomy and freedom. so, after the handover in 1997, hong kong became a special region of china and the one country two system policy came into force. and that meant that, until 2047, when the declaration expires, hong kong should keep its free
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markets and independentjudges — at least in theory. frankly, the chinese have been breaking their word on thejoint declaration that they claim that it does not operate after 1997. the british government should make clear in the united nations, in europe, so long as we're there, and elsewhere that it does apply for 50 years after 1997 and we're going to be absolutely determined to make sure that china keeps its side of the bargain. the protesters who packed the streets in recent weeks fear hong kong's independence is being threatened by a draft law making it easier for people to be extradited to china and they are looking to britain for support. the joint declaration does stand and i would urge the chinese government to make sure that it abides by the terms of that declaration. but as hong kong beleaguered government marked the anniversary of the handover, beijing said it was extremely dissatisfied with britain.
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a foreign ministry spokesman said britain had no responsibility for hong kong and had no right to interfere in what was an internal affair for china. this protests pose a challenge for the government. ministers want to support democracy in britain's old colony, but they also want to keep good relations with china, whose investments they may need after brexit. and violence on the streets of hong kong makes both objectives harder. james landale, bbc news, at the foreign office. beijing is undoubtably monitoring events closely. the bbc'sjohn sudworth is there. china is allergic to displays of popular will, even more so civil disobedience. its big fear, of course, is contagion and, with that in mind, it has been doing everything it can to make sure that people here,
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in mainland china, know as little as possible about what is going on. censorship has gone into overdrive. images of the protests are being blocked, even the term "hong kong" is being filtered on social media. that said, i think, for now china will be happy to allow the hong kong authorities to deal with it. they will be relieved that the police have, once again, restored order. but make no mistake, beijing is watching very, very closely. it is already defining this as an issue of sovereignty, warning foreign powers to back off. and to pick up on something james mentioned in his report there, in response to comments from the british foreign secretary talking about safeguarding hong kong's special status, a foreign ministry spokesperson here today want him to stop meddling. "we advise the uk to know its place," he said. as you can see, the cleanup operation outside the legislative council is beginning and and is today, the shattered glass, open
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bottles, the umbrellas and the iron barricades, all of which were used by protesters to get into this building, it was some of the worst violence we have ever seen in hong kong. now i have been speaking with the director of amnesty international. he said the violence we saw last night could be hindering the aims of protesters rather than helping. so far we have to understand that the two groups of people, one are the majority of peaceful protesters and, two, the small group of people using violence yesterday, were originally one group and they are very consistently handing the same demand, the same calls towards carrie lam, that is, to withdraw the bill and to investigate what has happened earlier in the protests about the use of excessive force by the police
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and also ask carrie lam and the responsible officials to step down. so they are very consistent on their demands on both groups. but we are looking at the images of the parliament building completely trashed by these protesters. many in hong kong will be waking up this morning and wondering whether these young people, these demonstrators, have actually harmed their objective more than helped it? i think this is unfortunate that a small group of protesters used violence to achieve their aim — this is definitely notjustifiable from amnesty‘s perspective — but we have to understand where their anger comes from and, over the past few weeks, carrie lam has not responded to any of the requests
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of the protesters. we are talking about1 million, 2 million people who took to the streets in the past four weeks and she did not answer any of them. asa as a new day begins, what possible ways of this could be out today? —— could play out? we have already heard that the leader wants to focus on the rule of law, she has condemned those protesters and she says it is time to get back to rebuilding. she is saying too little, too late. a lot of the protesters who spoke to yesterday, those amongst them said, who were not participating, said they felt they hadn't been listening to and i felt neglected and ignored by their own government. and i think this is
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really not just anger about the extradition bill, there has been rising unease in hong kong, amongst many in the city about the fact that they feel their freedoms are being eroded, and that they are under threat from the rising influence of china. the decision-making process in beijing is famously opaque. what are they going to be thinking, seeing this happening? are they going to be thinking, seeing this happening ?|j are they going to be thinking, seeing this happening? i think they will be watching this very closely. this source of scenes are not the kind that they were replicated, it would be impossible, in fact on mainland china. but it is this tense relationship with the hong kong government and its people that will continue to be the focus. so far, what we have had beijing says criticising the international community and in particular the night kingdom for comments that the uk has made about what's happened here in hong kong. and effectively
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telling the uk to stay out of something that is no longer its business. meanwhile, it will be interesting to see the reaction of the public to what happened overnight, many of the people we spoke to certainly do feel strongly about these issues but whether or not they think this is the right way to go about doing things will be the big question. for the moment, thank you very much. that is not the end of our coverage of what is happening in hong kong, a little later, after protesters overrun hong kong's parliament, we ask a pro—democracy campaigner what the future holds for the trouble territory. china marked its first day of rule in hong kong with a series of spectacular celebrations. a huge firework display was held in the former colony. the chinese president, jiang zemin,
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said unification was the start of a new era for hong kong. the world's first clone has been produced of an adult mammal. scientists in scotland have produced a sheep called dolly that was cloned in a laboratory using a cell of another sheep. for the first time in 20 years, russian and american spacecraft have docked in orbit at the start of a new era of cooperation in space. challenger powered past the bishop rock lighthouse at almost 50 knots, shattering a record that had stood for 34 years. and there was no hiding the sheer elation of richard branson and his crew. welcome back. this is bbc news. the latest headlines:
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hong kong's chief executive has condemned the protestors who stormed and ransacked parliament. hundreds of activists occupied the legislative council for hours, spraying graffiti, defacing the territory's emblem and raising the old british colonial flag. we're to stay with our top story. professor cheng yu—shek is a political scientist and pro—democracy campaigner, hejoins us now from hong kong. professor, do you think the pro—democracy movement has been advanced over the last 24 hours? pro—democracy movement has been advanced over the last 24 hours7m isa advanced over the last 24 hours7m is a set back. and as we all know, the crisis has continued in the state of public opinion. certainly the pro—democracy camp would like sympathy to do well in the district
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council elections and this november and the legislative council elections in september next year. hopefully hong kong people understand the frustration of a relatively small group of young people and hong kong people also understand very well that to not meet the very minimum requests of the people being met, the withdrawal of the extradition bill and an investigation into police violence. soi investigation into police violence. so i think there is a lot of sympathy for the young people and still for the pro—democracy movement. but this episode certainly gave beijing and carrie lam's administration a position to have a tough stance against the people of hong kong, and the democracy
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movement in general. is this a case of young people wanting to move faster, further and harder than some older generations within the movement? yes. there were already voices among these people, among these young people that perhaps the peaceful approach of nonviolence may not work. they were certainly frustrated with the fact that despite1 million people marching in the streets onjune nine and another 2 million people marching in the streets on june 16, the 2 million people marching in the streets onjune16, the government still refused to meet those demands. and they also believe those surrounding —— the surrounding of the legislative council meetings, the legislative council meetings, the stopping those meetings, was instrumental in terminating the deliberations on the controversial bill. so they — the frustration, the
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anger was obvious. we will have to leave it there, professor. thank you very much. just to say we will be continuing our courage from hong kongin continuing our courage from hong kong in the coming hours —— coverage, we will see what the day brings. now do a shocking statistic, every 60 seconds an area the size of a football edge of the amazon ra i nfo rest a football edge of the amazon rainforest of brazil is being cut down. there's been an aggressive increase in deforestation since the election of president bolsonaro injanuary, according to officials there. the rainforest plays a vital role in regulating the earth's climate, absorbing billions of tons of carbon dioxide every year and producing 20% of the earth's oxygen. 0ur science editor david shukman travelled to the amazon and sent this report. the rich greens of the most vibrant habitat on earth. the billions of trees store so much carbon, they help to slow down global warming. they're also home to an amazing tenth of all species in the natural
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world, some unnerving... 0thers, adorable. but the sight of bare earth and dead trunks is becoming more common, with huge tracts of forest wiped out. my footsteps and distant bird song are the only sounds. it's tragic to see this close up. to bring these trees down to the ground, theyjust knock them over with a bulldozer. this is happening all over the amazon to create new farmland, and the result is that the great forest has never been under such pressure. over the decades, field by field, many trees have made way for agriculture, but that's set to speed up because of a massive push for development. the new president of brazil, jair bolsonaro, was elected on a promise to exploit the amazon. he's delighted his supporters by saying too much of the forest is protected. his environment officials are deeply worried, but he has banned them from saying anything in public. you're trying to save the forest. so we have to meet this official in secret.
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his face hidden and voice changed, he says the government is trying to cover up the loss of the forest. and the scale of the deforestation he describes is staggering. up here, at the top of this 50 metre high observation tower, the view is just phenomenal, out over what looks like a great ocean of green. this is the canopy of the largest rainforest in the world. the problem is that more and more of it is being chopped down. it's hard to believe, but an area the size of a football pitch is being cleared every single minute. what that means is that forests that could cover more than 2,000 pitches is just vanishing every day,
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and all the signs are that this rate of devastation will accelerate. cattle are the biggest single reason the trees are cleared. they're grazing on land that used to be forest. brazilian beef is in big demand all over the world and the president's vision of expanding agriculture here has delighted the farmers. farming on an industrial scale has already reached the amazon, but the government wants to see more of it, and to weaken the laws protecting the forest. we asked to interview two ministers about this, but they both refused. a line often heard here is that only brazil can decide what do with the forest, no—one else. but the fact is, the more trees are cut down, the more we lose one of the few things holding back
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the rise in global temperatures. so what happens here in the coming years matters far beyond brazil. david shuckman, bbc news, in the amazon. the german and british foreign ministers have called on iran violation of the 2015 nuclear deal, as gareth barlow reports. european countries climates are called today runs who adhere to its commitments. the landmark 2015 nuclear deal violated, an uncertain future ahead. the secretary general is very much aware of the reports that the islamic republic of iran are may have surpassed itsjcpoa limits ona are may have surpassed itsjcpoa limits on a you reached —— enriched uranium. the plan was left in jeopardy after the united states walked away last year, donald trump, having branded it a horrible, laughable, outrageous deal. he said iran was playing with fire. they
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know what they are doing, they know what they are playing with and i think they are playing with fire. so no message to iran whatsoever. ever since there was pulled out of the agreement, iran, with its economy crumbling under american sanctions has look to europe to keep the deal alive. that message repeated once more. cancellation mark the europeans have failed to fulfil their promises of protecting around's interests under the deal —— iran's. 0ur around's interests under the deal —— iran's. our next step will be enriching uranium beyond the 3.6% under the deal. iran says the enrichment is reversible and cold on europe to do more to reduce the impact of american sanctions. relations were strained after oil tankers were attacked of the coast. america calls its policy towards iran maximum pressure, and now iran
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is responding. stay with us on bbc news. we will be back shortly. hello again, we are in the middle of quite a quiet spell of weather, really. looking at the weekend, it will be dry. there would be a few subtle changes, mind you. the satellite picture is quite interesting where cooler atlantic air is meeting the extreme heatwave. we have these massive thunderstorms that have developed. there is a risk of damaging winds, flash flooding, but we also have some thicker cloud working into scotland and northern ireland at the moment and that will continue to provide the focus of a few showers in northern scotland over the next few hours. but otherwise, if you're heading outside in the next hour or two, it is most likely to be dry and not too cold, temperatures between 9—12 degrees. now take a look at tuesday's weather picture, we will have those showers
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continue across northern scotland, not as many as we had on monday, so more of us will have dry weather. quite cloudy for most of us in north—western scotland and northern ireland. there will be some sunshine in eastern scotland and england and wales. a day similar to monday and that there should be some lengthy spells of sunshine around, staying dry. temperatures in the high teens to low 20s, the exceptions of the northern isles are temperatures are still a little on the cool side. it's another dry day at wimbledon and again there should be some spells of sunshine coming and going through the day, really. in the middle part of the week, our area of high pressure is still firmly in charge of our weather and that means more in the way of dry weather. there could be a few showers just sneaking in across the extreme north of scotland where also there will be a fair bit of cloud. but the more broken cloud there is the more sunshine there will be. so should be fine for most parts of northern ireland. temperatures similar, really, 18—22,
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still a little cool up north with just 12. there will be some changes as we head into thursday. 0ur area of high pressure slips a little bit further west, that allows some rain to come into scotland. whereas scotland gets wet, for england and wales it gets a bit warmer with the winds coming a little further southwards around this high pressure and then across england and wales, boosting the temperatures here. now the rain in scotland is likely to be notjust heavy, but also pretty persistent, lasting for most of the day with those totals relly building up in the highlands. could potentially get a bit of rain in northern ireland, that's a bit of an uncertainty there, but england and wales stays and it gets warmer, 25 celsius on thursday in london, turning a tad more humid. similar conditions on friday, we see a lot of fine weather as we head into the weekend with further spells of sunshine. that's your weather.
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this is bbc news.
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the headlines: the chief executive of hong kong, carrie lam, has condemned what she's described as the "extreme use of violence" by pro—democracy protesters, who forced their way into the former british territory's parliament building. the activists were angered by plans to allow extradition to china. the white house says the us will continue its policy of maximum pressure on iran, after teheran said it had exceeded the limit on its stockpile of enriched uranium — agreed under the 2015 nuclear deal. washington said it had been a mistake to allow iran to enrich uranium at any level. an area of amazon rainforest roughly the size of a football pitch is now being cleared every single minute, according to satellite data. now on bbc news —
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monday in parliament.

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