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tv   Inside Story  Al Jazeera  January 19, 2022 8:30pm-9:01pm AST

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back away from democracy, especially in mali or in guinea. this swearing in ceremony is seen as a step forward for democratic institution. and remember out of about used to be a security guard in a department store in the united kingdom. he became then the co, the, the candidate, the coalition to, to, to, to campaign against edge i'm a and during his time in office he's taken real steps, concrete steps towards democratic institution. ah, again, the headlines on al jazeera, the u. s. sector state has warned that russia could attack ukraine at a very short notice. anthony blanket. hell, talk to the ukranian president of all of them are zalinski and he's russia to choose diplomacy over confrontation with hemmings has a lead us from kiev. i think that don, ukrainian sad, you get
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a says that there is a sort of urgency you create would like to see those sanctions that the u. s. you have been warning about to happen sooner rather than later. they would, they would like to see actually quite tough sanctions against russia. at some point . they were rumors that maybe the u. s. was molig expelling russia from the system, which is basically the global system to send and receive money. the, especially germany, against that the u. s secretary state also said in care of that unity within ukraine was important for maintaining its strength. this comes as former president pet reports shanker faces treason charges. on wednesday, a judge rejected a request by prosecutors to arrest him. portion co has been accused of dozens of crimes including helping pro russia separate says sell millions of dollars worth of coal. he says the charges were concocted by allies of the current president. the un says its stepping up its response to the volcanic eruption on su nami,
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and tongue. our government called it an unprecedented disaster. new zealand and australia are sending fresh water and other supplies by bo. britton's prime minister has again told parliament he won't be resigning over the so called party gave scandal for his johnson urged everyone to wait for the outcome of an inquiry into parties in his downing street home during corona virus. lock jones accord in germany has begun hearing a case against the syrian doctor, accused of crimes against humanity. he's facing 18 counts of torturing detainees at home, some damascus between 20112012. a palestinian family living an occupied east. jerusalem has lost their fight to stop is really police demolishing their home. the family a 15 had threatened to blow up the property at force from the sheriff general neighbourhood. those are the headlines inside story as up next. ah.
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it's a lifeline for millions of palestinian refugees for the united nations relief and works agency or onward faces collapse without more funding. what happens of donations don't come through and as it be stretched too thin, this is inside story. ah hello and welcome to the program. i'm rob madison, nearly 6000000 people rely on on work. the united nations relief and works agency for palestinian refugees in the near east. it provides food, aid, health care,
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education, and other essential services and jordan, lebanon, syria, and the occupied palestinian territories. now fulfilling that vast mandate requires a huge amount of money on what has launched the appeal for 1600000000 dollars this year. the agency has struggled to raise enough donations in the past and where it says the chronic shortfall could even lead to its collapse that we're going to bring in our guests in a moment. first, this report from xena corda in beirut, in lebanon, home to half a 1000000, registered palestinian refugees they've been refugee twice in the past. now these palestinians from syria are again homeless. thousands of them fled to lebanon during syria civil war in search of safety. there now struggling to survive the financial support they were receiving from the united nations relief and works agency has been cut because under what itself is facing a budget crisis,
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they used to give us $100.00 for rent. now it's $25.00 a day to reduce the assistance for food from $27.00 to $12.00 per person. we can't afford anything because everything is expensive. they basically throw us in the street. and that's where they have been for at least a week. they set up camp outside owner was headquarters in bay route and say they won't leave until a solution is found to their plight. how to go with the owner, right? supposed to be our lifeline, but they are not giving us our basic needs. and we can go back to syria. how many of us are wanted by the authorities and our homes are destroyed. i should be highly, even before palestinians from syria began arriving here on or what was under funded . it was having difficulties in meeting the demands of those in lebanon, whose vulnerability worsen in recent months, palestinian refugees were living in poverty even before 11 on economic collapse.
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now, many of them say surviving is nearly impossible, and they are not the only ones the entire country, which also host hundreds of thousands of syrian refugees is being affected by the financial meltdown. otherwise says it needs nearly $200000000.00 to continue operations and meet the growing and basic needs. unfortunately has been live in almost on a month by month basis. and last year we'll a very close to have to stop our services, not just the additional emergency health palestinians have long been marginalized in lebanon with limited rights and access to services and job opportunities on nature, and have lots of dreams and hope that i'm willing to read, but because of what you're suffering here and oh says amount my future palestinians say they are trapped unable to return to their homeland or leave to go elsewhere. nearly 80 percent live in poverty. the un estimates that
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162000 people who survival depends on 8 said who their elders. eda, beirut? ah. ok, let's bring in our guests in amman. we have tomorrow. our fi, who's a spokesperson at the united nations, really front works agency for palestinian refugees in the near east. in doha, we have marwan cobble on. he's had a policy analysis. now the out of center for research and policy studies and in london on is one is lecture, an interdisciplinary race gender and post colonial studies at university college london. thank you very much indeed for being with us. tomorrow. i'm going to start with you. if the money doesn't come in, how bad could this get? if the money doesn't come in, it would be very, very bad. half a 1000000 girls and boys will not be able to go to school until 1000000 palestine refugees will not get health care. so if the money does not come in, well nora, which is irreplaceable in a region that's very full tile,
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might not be able to run. this will create the vacuum. who will fill that vacuum? where will palestine refugee go? who will they? will they transfer for these basic basic health education and social services? i know fun. what do you think the impact is going to be on the countries that are hosting palestinian refugees? if the unmoved funding either begins to dry up or actually ends altogether. it's really important to realize that when we're speaking about briefly g, present in the home countries we're in or operate, we're not only now talking about significant palestinian refugee populations. many of these countries, particularly lebanon. jordan are also hosting really large scale there in population, but include twice, i have palestinian refugees from syria. so we're talking essentially about a huge impact that can go right across the scale socially, economically and potentially politically as well, has ever has been a crucial pillar of operations in these countries for decades now. and we know that
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at harold, my one we heard a report from as in a quarter are corresponded in beirut just a moment ago, one palestinian refugees saying that because of the funding cuts, the, the refugees that he knew had been forced on to the streets. no one would imagine that the countries that these refugees are and are not going to take kindly to people being forced on to the streets of those cities. yes, indeed. i think the main problem that we are facing here in fact, is that the noise is very much dependent on one aid from foreign governments and that next, it's very fun to political partial from these, from these governments. we all know that in 2018, for example, president trump and 8 for that when the law. and we know that the luckiest is, for example, to provide something like 50 percent, the annual budget, and doug national organization. and mainly because they like it is about time one to another walk. and i know that the titles reform and to
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deprive millions of policy and from their status as, as refugees, united states one but actually to prevent the stiffness 15 years from a passing a status as refugees to, to newer generations. and that will embed prevent ashley millions of bostonians from a cleaning the right for a tail to be around to the rightful land in palestine and all for for compensation . and we all also know that a certain countries are no longer actually providing aid for the on the what also, how critical for political reasons. and so, and in my opinion, i think on the wow, will always be if you see this dilemma as long as does not actually find other venues to, to, to get the 8 from. this is something that maybe we should think of from now on. and
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i want to come back to the by to point, but tomorrow i think you wanted to come in at the start of that. i love to come in on the what to and their son just raised us under a being at crucial pillar of operations in the region. it's also a crucial pillar of stability, the predictability of the reliability of the services, the fact that a palestine refugee, knowing that allison refugee community is amongst the most vulnerable in the region . so when a palace and refugee knows that their children can go to enroll school, they can get their health care up in the right house services. this is one less source of worry, so onerous contributed greatly to that sense of safety and security and, and even regional stability in the region. now, it is important to mention also that the role or the hospitality, the generosity of host countries, the countries that are hosting a large number of refugees. and this is something that, and also mentioned knowing that all the countries were under refugees are allison
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refugees, live are crisis countries themselves where that they're all nationals are under a lot of our are facing a lot of hardship. now, having said that, it is very vulnerable to the domestic politics of its donors. and what we have on the rough time mind boggling is that almost every country in the world vote for the continuation of a new i. there's therefore, a political recognition at the level of the general assembly that under what is irreplaceable, that it is a beacon of stability. it plays a huge role for the human development and the humanitarian response in the region. but when it comes to paying the same countries that's oakland for on red do not necessarily pay or fund underwashed. and therefore face year of the year out is an overwhelming political support without the matching financial resources. and
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this is why we're always under funded on your part of noting all the way through that and tell me what you think. i think this is a really important point that too often gets missed out of these discussions that we're not talking here about a one off situation we're talking about a particularly acute crisis that's born of essentially a permanent baked into and rosetta as tomato said, went by the un general assembly issues and her up with a mandate to provide session services. it renews that mandate on a regular basis. the vast majority of you and german assemblyman, the states support the renewal of that mandate, but as an organization or is entirely dependent on voluntary donations. so they're in the disjuncture between the un mandating era to do something, but not providing it with any guaranteed funds. but it requires a order to do those very things. this is a fundamental problem which very ready guess gets really factor model. and this was
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a point that you touched on, touched on earlier, but i mean, given giving cash um to organizations like con walton, of course, there are many of them might be seen as a moral obligation, but of governments around the world are facing problems with coven problems with their own economy. natural disasters in some are some cases. it is it, is it actually naive to think that they are going to be willing to actually pay anything there? i say it more than lip service to something like onward and not come up with the cash. and if they don't, as you were talking about earlier, what is the alternative? yeah, i don't. but what i was thinking actually to say is that said, i mean, because the owner was very bundled as to what it can brush out, especially from the donnas. and that, that the, the people who are actually being the heaviest spice, of course, on that if you, jeez, and syria went on and viewed on in the situation as you are a guest. actually, amount of said earlier this to us in these companies of anybody and miserable in
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fact, because they are having deal on their own crisis. but at the end of the day, you can't be one but event at those refugees actually from getting hurt or education or social services, which is a provided by on their wow to provide. in fact, the save a life saving services for the teachers, contact them at the end of the day. if you have some sort of a, if a blue got a book by, by cutting this iep as far as you was should, is concealed. i don't think that gov it or any other economic bushes that don't notice might be as something like now flung it should be, was as an executors are for these are governments actually to stop eating at one of why? because there is a responsibility by the international community for this catastrophe, which that is the most responsive at the somehow is responsible and to a certain degree, the explosion of the policy is from deal to from being the thumb that land in
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194-819-6067 i and i believe these are factors are not genuine in my opinion, because as i said earlier, the political factors are the mean drivers for the donors actually to put brush over on the and the water in order to get certain demands. did for example, that some gold companies on, on refilling here, meet they like i minutes. which decided actually took it to i know why in, in 2020, 20 after the signing the normal. as indeed with this about me having come under a huge there. so from that is that i need to do that. so the actually got the it without any justification might be from more than 5050000000 dollars to 1000000 dollar last year. maybe the mother has the numbers, but i believe here actually is. the issue is mainly, but it has nothing to do with it for the donors and has nothing to do with other
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kind of pressure. but mainly because of an apple, it's got the mines at all, and these countries are playing. i sure both are one in a while at to respond to tomorrow, given that funding is clearly a constant problem before onward and organizations like it is there a point at which they could be accused of raising expectations too high if they know that they're not going to get the funding that they so clearly want to get and clearly believe that they should be getting. is it, does it necessary for them to try to rein in expectations? because there is a sense that people really might see organizations like unwise as constantly failing because they don't have the money rather than the focus being on the work that they are able to achieve it. so both of them, so on the one hand owner was not getting the money because the donors are failing to come up with the necessary money for on route to conduct what the donors expect
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underwrite to conduct as services. so when the international community decides that as long as there is no fair and lasting solution that include spouse, thing in refugees under what is the go to agency for their well being and the protection of their rights and their assistance. then the donors fail to come up with that money, or it's only a limited number of regular donors that constantly support under and then, and the feeling lonely about support, which is the case now. then the onus is on the donors. it's not an underwrite. there's, there is only so much under a can do in cutting costs and reducing its budget and resorting to austerity measures to the point where we're bursting at the seams. while the needs, the humanitarian needs and the hardship of palestinian refugees in all areas of operations keep increasing. now having said that, i want to touch upon the point that my one just mentioned about the, the,
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the relationship between political positions and funding. most of our big and irregular a long term donors are donors that enjoy a very strong relations with israel. and that does not prevent them from funding under a because they believe in the fundamental human development and humanitarian role that are a place and they believe and their responsibilities as responsibility as you want. member states to warrants palestinian refugees because there is no political solution that includes that. and so what we're kelly countries who use to support and why and star is that there isn't necessarily a contradiction between your foreign policy and international relations towards drill l between supporting a community that is a monster most venerable and who is entitled to services by virtue of the un
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general assembly mandates to an era, there is no contradiction. a country can be in close ties with israel and also support that you went in general and underwriting particular. and is there any organizational structure that you are aware of that might be in a position to, to shoulder some of the burden the unwell has been tossed with because clearly it is an enormous task that the, that they're facing. i mean, the one that immediately st springs to mind for outsiders like me would be like you and hcr, for example, that seems to be, for those of us who don't understand the structure, the seems to be a natural dovetail there, that they could take some of the burden away, why isn't that happening? don't h c i n and her operate under entirely different mandates, different management structures of tomato will be able to elaborate on this further . it's why i briefly just outlining this ed discrepancy between you and hcr and nora because the ticket is in the 2018 when, when, as matawan mentioned,
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the term administration. he founded enron with her continuous misinformation about the difference between you and hcr enron. that has been a lot of as a false information propagated. know surgically by the ministrations by others as well, claiming that it gives palestinian refugee is an unfair advantage. this is far from being the case. if anything, actually you have a broader mandate. the owner and monday is relatively restricted compared to that if you and h d. and the other thing that was merging it might. 7 be monday to, to provide services to register palestine, refugees in a certain geographical area. so in jordan on area where i can gather, but there are palestinian refugees outside of those places within this particularly now with palestinian refugees from syria who was teaching factory outside of these 5 areas. when that happens, in theory,
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at least they should be in high school to receive support from you and hcr. instead . the picture is a lot more complex and involved a lot more behind the scenes cooperation. but is often made out more when we heard again in, in his report earlier on that they, some of the refugees, at least in lebanon, had been camping outside the headquarters of on were in bay route to complain about the circumstances they were being left and, and demanding that something should change, but it seems as though from what you've all been saying that none of this appears to be, yvonne was making the refugees don't seem to have any action that they are able to take all the van going to the people who have been giving them the cash i know simply can't, you know, sort of the right. i think they should actually given the state again in those countries actually decided to use their at the end to, to on the law is on behalf meeting those because actually deprived of their life to the patient has health care about social services
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and middle mistake about this, that we should always, and look into the creative picture when we, when we leave people, actually this without doubt, the basic needs that they need. actually, you can't actually blame them at the end of the day for a alexia taking different, or a sort of, of actions in order to work. and it due to white for daily report their families, and to protect their families too. i think they're like, the 1st is this part of the war to ashley. i'm talking here about the labeled gender body. i'm talking about celia when enforcer and jordan is included. the diagnosis that is, is a, is, is it, is that these are countries that are sticking by crisis, economic, political security and some of them on how to order the civil wars. and the policy as are in the middle of these own. all these glasses are in the region
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and in syria as you are a guests have already mentioned the policy as how have beat actually w devices am because they are already a future in celia and they will force one more time actually to live. believe it. but if you just come to that they will achieve living in. so i believe that there is, this is responsibility, the responsibility of their promotional community toward good to, to provide on a while with all that with, with, or the means actually to, to keep those people at least with the minimum, a basic needs that they need in countries that are really high suffering, but he did he put circumstances at that at the, at this particular final fisted tomorrow. are you want to come in on that? i want to come in with that with a cheap cigarettes that that, that, that illustrate the hardships 73 percent of the palestinian refugees in lebanon are poor. 82 percent of the palestinian refugees fill in size syria and live on less
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than $2.00. a 58 percent of the palestine refugee families in lebanon. the grown ups say that they eat one meal a day or less to be able to feed their children. so it's, it's hard chip. all along and 4 fell assign refugees will receive cash assistance. these are the most vulnerable ones, only the poorest receive between $18.00 and $25.00 minus. taking that away from them, leaves that completely desperate and pushes them to words like this coping mechanism . we've seen concerning trends in jordan where i am, for example, rouse, increase child marriage. we've also seen the very dangerous migration routes that palestine refugees and other refugees from the regions bank. we've seen early marriage with seen child labor. these are all very, very negative coping mechanisms that can only get worse if an agency that provides state like services like an iraq cannot,
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cannot provide these services. we're talking about a trillion an agency that provide services the same way as small to mid sized countries in europe provides, you know, denmark, for example, 5800000 people, the population under a 5800000 refugees in the region. we're talking but a quasi states that handicap incapacitated by like of resources even though it has a lot of political support. and i want to come to you last time because we have less than a minute to go on the, on the program. so just briefly, if you could, and if on was funding is restricted, as well as it appears to be at the moment will do you think people who are in the refugee camps on current runs get to a point where they are forced, they feel forced to leave those comes and move further through the countries that they're in or further into other countries. are we likely to see b,
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the mass movement of people that we have seen in previous years? admittedly driven by war, if onward starts to for want of a better word implode. and very briefly please. if not, i'd better call it's already happened then movement. you referred to come a and moving towards europe into your the last, you know, she has included palestinian refugees estimated more than $60000.00 palestinian refugees being the syrian war. tried to reach europe usually by dangerous routes. so that's not hypothetical. it's something already seen happening. and really, it highlights another inconsistency in it, say the policies of european states who claim that they want to stop what they refer you as a migrant crisis. but they're not unwilling to say take any action in times. voting and gram. i know fine, thank you very much. indeed. i want to say thanks to all of our guests, him on our fi mall on cover on and i'm of fun. i'm thanks. of course, to you too,
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for watching you can see the program again any time by visiting our website al jazeera dot com and for further discussion, go to a facebook page. that's facebook dot com, forward slash ha. inside story. you can also join the conversation on twitter handle is at ha, inside story for me, rob matheson and the whole team here in doha bye for now. ah me being a refugee when starting again. ah, but building a new life in a new country is no easy task. whatever dr. witness follows one of the
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la refugee families from syria to be granted an american visa. from their personal sacrifices to the families priam. i meet the syrian on al jazeera for quite a few decades. casa, has been dealing with political and economic turmoil. and its people struggle to access essential needs, like adequate quantities of potable water, a sufficient number of beds for pregnant mothers, and limited access to up to date information for students. and in hasa, the ground water is not sufficient to meet the daily needs of all of its residents . this led to the development of the new water treatment facility in hun, eunice slowing down further pollution. the extension of, as if, as medical facilities was accomplished to provide expectant mothers with
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a safe and reliable opportunity to get the care they needed. the kuwait library at the university college of science and technology is not only a repository of knowledge but an access point to the world beyond ah, this is al jazeera. ah, you're watching the news, our life from a headquarters in del. how i'm debbie and abigail coming up in the next 60 minutes . the u. s. secretary states, as washington is committed to ukraine's territorial integrity warning. russia can attack at very short notice. he was not there too long for all the good you have done in the name of god. god calls grow louder for the british prime minister to resign. after more revelations of par.

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