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tv   [untitled]    December 14, 2021 8:30pm-9:01pm AST

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ah, a bronze cochroll and a king's bust, the 2 works of art whose return is being celebrated. they once decorated beneath palace, commissioned by ancient kings to remember their predecessors. the city was attacked and the palace ransacked in 1897. the king had refused to recognize britons claim on west africa, while 2 items are being returned. 900 pieces remain in the british museum in london, and the people have been in city are waiting for their return. and are chappelle al jazeera. ah, it's good every with a slo, adrian, so they get a hearing though, how the headlines and i was a 0. the world health organization says the overgrown corona virus very it is spreading faster than any other and could overwhelm hospitals around the world. but as the u. k, records its highest number of daily infections since january 77 countries have
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no reported cases of omi chron. and the reality is that army cronies probably in most countries, even if it hasn't been detected yet, all micron is spreading at a rate we have not seen with any previous variant wilkinson that people are dismissing ami chron micron as mild. surely, we have len by and now that we underestimate this by it, us at our pedal, even if or micron does cause less cbs visitors. the sheer number of cases could once again overwhelm unprepared health systems. the south africa medical research council has released its 1st study on the on the kron variant, had found the 2 doses of fire as vaccine provide 33 percent protection against infection from the very end,
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but 70 percent protection against hospitalization. a caught in bel rooster's sentence, the husband of opposition liter svetlana chicken, off square to 18 years in prison. he was found guilty of organizing mass on rest at inciting social hatred. he says the charges are politically motivated. the governor of the us state of kentucky says that it could take a week or more to know how many people died after friday's tornadoes. so far, 88 people are known to have died across 5 states. gulf corporation council leaders have gathered in saudi arabia for the annual summit. they've agreed on the need for unity to combat all threats. the final document says that any attack on a member state is considered an attack on all that last meeting held in january. so the end of the blockade of cost are up to $3.00 and a half years allows the headlights. what do you see here on al jazeera, after inside story coming up? next me
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i can you have a defense strategy? i've been more calls for the need for your life of military power, but can the european survive without in april and the united states? this is inside story. ah, ah. hello, welcome to the program i'm has, i'm seeking the idea of a common defense has long been debated among european leaders. the block has historically relied on the nato alliance and the united states for military action . but after the taliban took over afghanistan this year and the mass evacuations,
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the followed questions arose about the european union's ability to drive its own defense policy. on monday, on gary and prime minister was the latest leader to call for a common defense force in europe. he was holding talk with the french president during the summit of east european leaders. mean look at that for you, cause i got 1st we both love our countries. second, we both work for strengthening europe. and finally, we will, i think, agree on the fact that europe needs strategic autonomy. there are 3 notions we see fitting under strategic autonomy. i will share this with the president. we believe there is no autonomy without a european defense industry. we believe there is no autonomy without our own nuclear energy capabilities and there is no autonomy without self sufficiency in agriculture. e u commission president ursula vaughan delay and had also highlighted the need for the block to step up its military capabilities in order to be able to confront security threats and global crises. our european union is
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a unique security provider. there will be mission where nato, all the united nations will not be present, but where europe should be, you can have the most advanced forces in the world. but if you're never prepared to use them of what use all day, what has helped us back until now is not just a shortfall of capacity. it is the lack of political will. and let's take a closer look at how much you government spend on defense. a recent european defense agency report showed the block spent a record 225000000000 dollars last year, a 5 percent increase on 2019. but there was a full in joint investment. the continent spent just 11 percent of that total equipment purchases in cooperation with other u government. despite the lack of cooperation, the blocks still plans
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a joint military force of up to 5000 troops by 2025 to deploy during emergencies. the. let's bring and i guess now talk more about this in washington d. c. we have thorsten benner, he is a co founder and director of the global public policy institute in berlin in brussels. theresa fallon, a director of the center for russia, europe, asia studies. and joining us from oslo, glen deason, professor of international relations at the university of south eastern norway. good to have your witness to austin bennett. if i could start this by asking, does a european defense force make sense strategically? yes sir, thanks for having me as song, of course it makes. did you teach extend the in the medium term? the question is how to make it the reality and what realistic next. next steps are,
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there's a lot of political talk about european strategic autonomy about europeans teaching sovereignty. even gary and prime is our bond kind of pretended he's a great advocate of this and fully aligned with president the my call that he's all in favor of strengthen europe. whereas on the rule of law and other issues, prime is there, or bon undermines, undermine europe, or fund line said it's not just the question of capabilities or capacity, but the political well, that's true. we need the political world to, to really up our game. europe does spend quite a bit on defense, but it needs to kind of pool and share and to get out of this national parochialism of national defense industries and really work to a europe toward a europe wide defense industry. strengthening at the innovation base and the really work toward that. and i think then this direction could, could become
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a reality. but it, the important thing is not to talk just about this, the unrealistic goals for the time, for, for the time being. but to really talk about concrete steps to invest in concrete, the capabilities as, as europe. teresa found, what do you see as the motivation for your defense force? well, we see with the crohn, he will be having to eat rotating, counsel presidency. in addition to that, he's running for office in france, so he's really pushing the strategic autonomy narrative. this is something that he has been long known to to profess. he mentioned about 2 years ago that nato was brain dead. france has often been seen as a real pushing the strategic on a ton me narrative. but there are 2 ways to look at this. one could be that you're
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that is stronger, that does more burden sharing will be actually more useful to nato. so for the last 30 years, there's been kind of a night since 1989. this idea that there is a kind of a peace dividend. so there, as the you mentioned earlier, there's been so much money spent, but hasn't really been used wisely and what about capacities? there's big issues in gaps in logistics, and even basic communications among the member states, let alone inside nato. so i think that strengthening europe and having us strengthened pillar within nato, we'd actually be, it's usually beneficial, especially since we're not only facing rasa anymore. we're facing russia, china, iran, korea. so i think that the europeans need to be far more active and use their funding more carefully. we've talked about battle groups or cement in those, and you know, they have never been used. so there's a lack of a political will. and there's a sense that many times that europeans like to arbitrage tensions between the u. s
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. and china, for example, to their benefit. so we need to have everyone on the same page. and i think that with the recent democracy summit that by didn't held, i think he's trying to get everyone involved. and i should note that oregon was not invited to this. and it's interesting that micron reached out to him at the reason busy grad summit held there. so let's see how things turn out glen. these in are we mentioned in the sat there about the how the, the rep collapse of the, the government in, in cobble and the, the takeover that the taliban in august raise questions about the european union's ability to drive its own defense policy. do you think that's the only thing that that's driving us though? i know i think it will. i think that's a lot of a both in international changes, so less internal. so obviously a series of island point out us went on many occasions. the u. s. is in the relative decline, those becoming less reliable. so,
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so be something that medical also echoed saying that, you know, you're a costume. they'd be able to care of it, take care of itself. the motor lied too much on the u. s. however, the focus they've been in the areas they want to develop those suggest in terms of defense, nuclear and energy agriculture, it suggests that, well, the defense is obviously an initiative to become less reliance on nato, which means to have more independence from the united states. the focus on the nuclear energy is obviously to have a rest less reliance on russia and the, and this, it fits within what you have defined, a strategic economy, which is that the, you should have more influence but be less dependent on others. now, i would also add that this also has an implication for the internal dynamics of that you, because it's obvious that this is a french proposal, but is that the use lead with germany and france at the center. although frances, obviously the weaker part as germany economic center, however, an e u that basis strategic upon me and more on common defense and nuclear energy
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obviously shifts the power more towards france, putting it more in the center of the u, as opposed to only germany. so i think it has, this isn't the initiative you have to re position that use place in the world, but also reorganized at the power structures within the you itself. the poston. ben . if i come back to you on this, we heard the lavonne delay and the commission president saying that there needs to be more of a political will to do this. and i know you touched on this in your earlier answer . but where, where does that political will come from? does it come from france and germany, or does it come from elsewhere in the european union? what, what form does that political will take? i think it needs took the larger members they need to lead by example. we talked about a copy in a more unified, strong as a stronger european defense industry. if the smaller countries get the impression
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that this only means that their companies will be swallowed by german or french companies. that's not a very sustainable model. saw that the german and germany and trans need to be by example make offers to also smaller, smaller countries also and in terms of building building capabilities in terms of that are complimentary. not every country needs needs to have every type of capability of the larger countries need to. first of all, invest credibly invest in their own military capabilities and then make offers to this to the smaller countries on, on where to cooperate. and so i think the, the real, the burden is on, on the larger, more, more economically and politically stronger member states to really need by
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example. and saw that smaller countries don't have the impression that for example, president macross talk about your european sovereignty is mostly about about trend france and less so about europe. teresa found, we had the hungarian president, victor alba, and talk about what he, what he said was strategic autonomy. when he was referring to the european defense force. what exactly does that mean and do europe and the united states have different definitions of that? it hadn't exactly, there are different definitions. i tend to the conference ones here in brussels. people are flown in from all over europe to attend to special thing, take conference and strategic autonomy. and after one full day, we are waiting for better eco, margaret need to show she was late. so i turned to my left and i asked the german next to me, do you know? so do you know, a strategic autonomy mean zone? they said nope. and they turned to the right, and i asked the french person sitting next to me and he said no. so the idea of
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strategic autonomy is very ambiguous. i would say the friends have a view of it as we've been discussing. but i would say other member states, especially those in the baltics, are very concerned about the strategic autonomy narrative. i almost have people coming to blows at this conference about strategic autonomy because those who are closest to russia feel actually the most worrisome about these threats and fear that maybe france would not really come to, to there to help them in case there was any sort of invasion. so i think that it's not lost on the european audience that my crone who is going to be as of january 1st having you counsel rotating presidency. he's trying to get the message across to the central eastern europeans. they had a busy grad event take place there that he's there, man. and because there is a great deal skepticism from those members. so with the, you have 27, you members states. some of them are neutral,
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but those in central eastern europe are very dubious about friends having this type of separate identity outside of nato. they're very pro nato. so i think that he was trying to build a bridge towards them. and i think that this is a huge problem because you have different french leaders and nato's been around for 70 years. so i think that there are habits of corporation. yes, it needs to be fine tuned. it needs to be improved, but there's a huge other areas that it would be difficult for the europeans to replace. for example, cyber as well as space. all of these issues, i mean, nato has these capacity. so i think of a more useful europe would be better overall. but we also see, you know, it's not like china's far away. as many europeans tend to think. we're seeing china penetrating, you're far more through daily cyber attacks. also through the arctic we have rasa obviously rattling sabres outside of the ukrainian border. so i think that europe
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has a lot to think about. plus, in addition to that, we have issues, intentions and bosnia herzegovina and the whole balkans is in a difficult situation. so i think you're really has to get very serious about this . and of course, to pick up on a previous point. microns going to push the nato a nuclear aspect. because this is also a problem in the franco german engine because the green party, which is now part of the coalition government, is not so keen on nuclear. and they will not, it is unlikely that they are going to see and as a sustainable resource, which a problem wants to have it identify that. so for the screen strategy of the you, it's unclear at this moment if nuclear will be considered a agreeing type of fuel. so i think that there are problems already. the new coalition government in germany is only been empower week, but we see already cracks in the relationship between france and germany, wendy's. and what would a european defense force look like to you?
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well, it would probably be somewhat weak in order to set up a friend or a leader with no one who wants to follow them. and i think that's a quite a good description as oh and also agree that a lot of the eastern european countries would be hesitant to pursue this. a strategic upon me simply because it means a getting more independence from united states, which means that we can meadow and a lot of them have put that in most of the well hedge there. well, bit back most of the security on there nato membership. but again, it's a, this is part of the problem in europe. it's becoming very, very divided in terms of interest. so i think here for many didn't view that nato is part of the problem. i mean, a, every single pan european security and our security agreement we had from the helsinki courts to 95 to the charter. piracy 992. the establishment of the boys see
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how this concept of indivisible security at its center. now, nato expansionism has effectively violated the oldest principles of individuals with security, which has been the foundation of underpin security. and as a result, we are having now the collapse of, of a pioneer p and security architecture, which is why we're having this conflicts with russia. now, the, the benefit of having more of a you are, me, would be, it is less threatening to russia, given that nato is deemed to be the main threat to russia and with a reduced role for nato. it could, it could alleviate or reduce some of the tensions in europe, but that being said in the army on its own would be somewhat, it wouldn't be very effective given the it's do not a states role caring most of the older brunt or is the main i'm a member of nato, so i'm, it would be a very different european secured architecture. so my opinion, it will be yes,
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less need for military given that the relations with russia would be much better, but obviously it would also be a much weaker, less efficient military. well, let's talk a little bit more about this relationship with with, with nato. thorsten benner is there a risk that european defense force might undermine nato? what sort of role would it play? that's different to, to that organization. because of course, there are a lot of countries. there is a lot of overlap. there isn't in terms of member countries that are already part of nato, so we've got what exactly exactly it. there is no contradiction between the stronger european capabilities and the strong nato, as long as the u. s. want, wants that i think it's very easy to imagine you're building up more capabilities and making them useful within, within nato,
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by carrying more of its own way in terms of deterring russian aggression and not just relying on on the u. s. for this. so as long as nato is viable, and as long as the u. s. is able and willing to underwrite the european security more capabilities will also make on the european part will make nato stronger. so that's not at all. busy the contradiction, and at the same time as a hedge against the possible future in which the us no longer the underwriter, european, security, and to a very clear future in which the u. s. is more, the more much more focused on the in the pacific theater. so that europe needs to take care of for relations in its neighborhood, especially also with russia by itself and glen as a very funny reading of history and the relations with russia, where europe and the us are the only corporate. we're a shiny,
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happy future with the kremlin would be in the, in the cards. if we only disarm to and to dissolve the nato, i think history tells, tells a very different pick a different story. of course we need to take the crime then on threat perceptions so seriously. but this is very funny. strange and peculiar reading of history that, that you offered glen doesn't pass master or let's get glens response to that. yes, no, i didn't say that nato has to be disbanded. i think that nato was quite effective when it did very little that he said throughout the cold war, it was effectively a power of promoting the status quo that is, plus a defensive alliance. seeking to deter the soviet union after the cold war, nato has become prohibitionist power. that is, it's now expanding its invading other countries without un mandates. so under
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this, the under this new nato, the revision is natal. i think it's very much the same blessing and it's the main source of pensions and conflict in europe. and this divisions in europe, dividing lines is also making europe as a continent less and less relevant. now, if nato would go back to its original mission to be a status coal power and it's military interventionism and this expansion is mixed with again, the source of stability in europe. however, this is kind of what they're trying to negotiate now between moscow in washington. but that's very different from saying that natal dismantles, theresa. and always, if they don't like, why just if nato were the, the only problem. why did president put in choose to invade the crimea after ukraine signed the corporation deal with the european union? was not natal? that was the problem. in that case, there was a deal with the european union's well, it's
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a large extent because of the tactics that it can see what's coming down the road. i mean, the natal started with expanding to a couple of countries now it just keeps expanding. and obviously the u. s. s. s. s state that it's intention of dragging ukraine into nato, even when only a small minority wanted to be a part of nato. and furthermore, they didn't simply sign an agreement with you. they were there was a coup, backed by both the united states and the you. and because of this, the russians reacted status called or would be by, by claimed by holding onto its naval base in crimea. so again, if nato had not heard back the qu in ukraine, and they hadn't threatened to expand into your brain, russia would never have taken back criminal. right. so yeah, i want, i want to give what's probably going to be last. what on this to teresa allen? go ahead. well, i think it's always important to try to understand how the russians see the world.
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it's very different from most other people. i think that status quo, i mean seizing crimea, and over 14000 people have died in the dunbar. so the idea that nato is changing the status quo. i think the evidence is there on the ground. and as we see moscow rattling sabres outside of ukraine, it's extremely worrisome and they're using that as a way to try to change the agreement. we've seen with the agreement was signed. it's codified that nato could expand. so it's a real reading of history. it's a change of tone, and i think that the countries that have joined the un nato, for example, the baltics are very glad that they have because they are watching what russia is doing, nibbling away it ukraine, threatening it. what happened in georgia? possibly what might happen in moldova. i think that these are all worrying signs for these countries, and that's why they are want to see nato. of course, i think danny, by being praised when put inside,
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he supports or law said that he really supports like the you having this type of military kind of shows that they want to get rid of nato. and they realize that you would be very weak and disorganized, and it would, it would be very variable depending on who's in the office and who would be willing to invest. and it would take a very long time. i mean, there's been, although there's been a lot of money spent, there's really a lack of capacity. so i think that that would be put in 0 dream to have the you do this. so i think that clever minds even micron has not to down a bit in his speech last week, and i think there are more realistic they do understand that it's not just burden sharing. it's burden shedding. the u. s. wants to be more active. thank you so much . ok, thank you on that. so we will have to leave it. we are unfortunately out of time. thank you to all 3 of you for taking part thorsten benner, theresa fallon and glen these and thanks very much for being on. and so i story and thank you, as always watching, remember, you can see this program again any time just go to our website edges in
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a dot com. and for further discussion, you can go to our facebook page, facebook dot com, forward slash ha, inside store. you can also join the conversation on twitter handle. there is a j inside story for me. hm. so you get and the whole team here, bye for now. a ah, a musician, performer, visionary teacher. ah, out is there a world meets the man bringing traditional arabic sounds to a whole new audience,
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being a woman and being american playing old. it already is something new from boston to palestine, the land of his birth. he noticed the next generation of musical talent. simon shaheen. the musical journey on al jazeera move in hebron boys breathed and fly pigeons. but in this occupied palestinian city boys are also close to watched vice really forces at times shot out and often arrested. a delicately told tale filmed over 5 years of a coming of age and a place where even a child's imagination is heavily restricted. the skies above hebron, a witness documentary on a jazeera. with
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for did remy, they simply molina families to pain is unbearable. 4 of their relatives were killed last week, doing a military operation ordered by the venezuelan government. security forces accused him of being part of a colombian rebel group and said date died in combat. but neighbors and family members insist they were innocent, taken from their homes and executed under pressure venezuela's defense minister by the made by the reno, said the armed forces were applied to the friends that country from irregular
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groups that added that human rights needed to be respected and that the events at the border with be investigated. lou, this is al jazeera. ah, hello, i'm adrian for again. this is for these are live from doha, coming up in the next 60 minutes. surely we have learned by now that we underestimate this by it or set out, perry, the world health organization to live as a reality check over all my kron wanting, that even if the cove at 19 very a, there's mild, it could still overwhelm unprepared. health systems we continue.

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