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tv   [untitled]    December 10, 2021 7:30am-8:01am AST

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regulates restating what, allowing right to quit. so we made the biggest decrease we had in history in watching, right? the last year alone. so we think that what freak out is within reach a european population as is seek to make it as i reach that goal. as we need to take bold action to make sure all parts of the community get there. and because we're not prepared to lay past the community behind. ah, this is algebra, these you top stories? iran, euclid talks in vienna have resumes. but the bod in administration is warned of new sanctions. if diplomacy fails us envoy for rom says washington is ready to meet with her all of us nuclear activity, but to her on isn't ready for don or 8 talks. we're prepared to meet with them face to face. we think it's far superior to indirect negotiations and we're dealing with
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something this complex with so much so much mistrust with so much potential for misunderstanding. so we've said we'll meet at any time in any place. they are the ones who are not prepared to do it for their own reasons. we think it's a mistake. us president joe biden has held a phone call with his ukranian counterpart in a shev support. the build up of russian troops along its border. but moscow denies its preparing to invade its neighbour. both countries accused each other of failing to engage in the peace process. emergency services in mexico say at least 53 people have been killed in a trunk crash and some state of doors. he's believe most of the victims were migrants from central america. nicaragua, government has said its breaking its long standing diplomatic ties with taiwan. government sudden the statement, it recognizes the communist parties, one china policy. i was expressed pain and regret the decision. only 14 countries
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in the world are recognized taiwan as a country. a several countries expound the booster vaccine program to contain coven 19 very infections. the world health organization continues to oppose it. but w h o says the privacy should be to get everyone in the well vaccinated with the essential. maxine shots also has outlined a plan to make current of our vaccines. compulsory applies to people 14 above those who refuse to get the jobs will we find about $4000.00? austria is one of the lowest vaccination rates in western europe with less than 2 weeks ago until the presidential election in libya. the electoral commission is yet to announce the final list of candidates, the advisory committee call for delaying the vote, with growing differences over voting regulations. as headlines, the stream a palestinian social and political campaigner in iceland, she became the 1st woman here to speak about human rights or interests at american
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dutch business woman who's built a multi $1000000.00 business, but helps disadvantage young people in malevolence. nothing is impossible if you believe in yourself, all. does it a worldly to are of women who become successful away from home? arabs abroad, the activist on the all to put her on all 0. i hi, anthony. okay. if i say no, well to you, i don't even have to say prize, you know exactly what i mean. the nobel prize is, are so famous this week, laureates from around the well are happen loaded in and see if i can remember all of them. literature, economics, medicine, physics, chemistry, i went just a few hours away from the nobel peace prize ceremony in oslo, norway, the down the street. we're going to be talking about the purpose of the prize is in
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pat. how can time break it is with your help, of course. and we start with goran, k, hudson. our job in the rose we, she cannot sciences. he's to awarded the nobel prize to those who made the most important scientific discoveries for the benefit of human kind. now, major discoveries are by large made in places where you have good scientists, where they have the freedom to do the research they want to do and the funding to the, to the. unfortunately, you don't find this combination of circumstances everywhere in the world. now the way to get a better geographic representation of distribution or nobel prize is for governments to invest in science and education and to give scientists and everybody freed them that they need and deserve. i was gone co. hanson
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took him out some of the challenges when it comes to awarding nobel prize is around the world. who gets them and who misses out? what questions do you have about the process or the nobel prize is, do you have nominations that you would like to make comment section on youtube is right here. be part of today's program as we 2 of our 1st set of death. hello henry . hello de van. nice to see you. i mean, please say hi and introduce yourself to our global audience around the world. tell them your connection to the nobel prizes. hi tammy, thanks for having me. i'm the director of the piece research institute as low pre o for short. we're based in oslo, norway, and weren't an academic institution working there for crating knowledge or crating the research about the causes and the consequences of armed conflict. and we have no formal connection with the her, no bell institute, or where the price is, is awarded her or the committee, which is if i remember her committee,
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but we're every year her launching a list of candidates that we think are, are good candidates based on the knowledge that we know about what the cause and the consequences are farm counseling are. but thanks. i reckon you're basically you're an influenza. all right, so the rat. nice to see you please. hello to esteem audience. tell them who you are . what you do, i'm your connection to the nobel prizes. i yeah. so i'm the wrong math. i'm a post doctoral research fellow implant systems biology at the you know, in canada and my connection to know about is that a few years ago i wrote an article that appeared on slate about the nobel prize in science. and why i think they are, they represent both sexism as well as racism and biases in science. i'm why did i, i don't think they represent the which no times that's, that's positive and good. today. let's start with the,
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the purpose of the nobel prize is henry. can you help us understand why over a 100 years after the 1st place was given out, we still leaning to these places. we still use the lawyers. and that's a great question. and the, the 1st price in the 1st piece price was given out in $19.00 o 5. that's 5 years after alfred nobel died in 1896. of course it helps to be old, or when it comes to building a reputation. and the enterprise has been a round now for a 120 years, but at least for the piece price, i think it to, you know, it helps see that the piece price is not only the most important and most well known price for piece. but it's still most well known and, and regarded highly regarded price in any domain or so it's getting a lot of attention every year. i think the, the, the, the explanation is, is manifold. i think a, the giving a prize for in
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a major achievements within the human rights within peace, or either bringing old enemies together or awarding organizations, individuals who, when working for human rights for the cause of peace for a long time is something that is being appreciated. broadly, i also think that the, their committee in norway has been, am good at trying to modernize the price in the sense of trying to look for new domains thematically, but also to make sure that they're seeing contributions all around the world. and i think geographically it, the price is, is much more evenly spread out. and especially in there in more recent decades. sense off the other nobel prizes. when i see nothing, it sounded like you went to then how piece wise down. i think he'll, he'll know the van go ahead. right, so i don't, i'm not an expert on the peace prize, but i would say that, you know, i think the peace prize is definitely one of the more geographically representative . and they pointed out, you know,
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the times prices are almost the opposite way. you have very limited geographical reputation. the prices usually go to scientist working in richer countries. in the west, you know, usually european and american scientists when these prizes. so i think that's a definite difference in those 2 prizes. let me just bring in katie wilkinson here . and katie wilkinson has a connection to one of the nobel laureates for this year. but she also points out an issue whom i may have a listen and then respond. and then i know divine. you can have a few things to say as well. his katy this year, you know, price announcements were extra exciting for me personally. because my lab at san jose state has collaborated with one of the winners. dr. r dan pedagogy at nobel prize can only be given to 2 to 3 scientists at most. however, that's not really how science has done these days. it's not the work of learning geniuses. instead, it's the work of teams of scientists around the world working together. i got our
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demo nobel lecture did a great job of highlighting, not only the work of the trainees and his lab, but also the work of his collaborators from around the world. so what i think, what do we need to know about alfred? no bells will that construe aches, what the nobel prize can developing to so did elbow. oh, when the bills will actually instituted 5 prizes, not 60. and the prize in economics is not part of alfred nobel will, as its medicine, physics and chemistry, literature and piece. and are alfred and well, it's even more air conservative if you like, when it comes to her to who should get a price. it was actually to one person within each field. that's what it says explicitly in the will and, and they're the noble committees, both in sweden and norway and, and norway said that the price that is given out in or ways to piece price. and they've interpreted this a little bit more broadly so that it's right that now that, that up to 3 individuals can share
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a price or individuals combined with organizations. and so this is, are defined in the will air, but i think this is, sir, this is a valid criticism, especially for the science process where we see that, you know, scientific and achievements today are usually not the result of individuals but of larger groups. and that can, of course, be said all so for the peace prize, and that's also sometimes why the prize is given to large organizations for sort of major and long term contributions, though has anybody of color while a science price. there have been quite a few scientists from, you know, be sure who won the prize, but no black scientist know, scientists from the african continent has won the prize, which is a really stark, a mission by the committee. on another factors, of course, that very few women scientists have been recognized with nobel prizes, even though they made major discoveries. i'm, as henry was saying, you know, the limitation on 3 people is more strictly. no idea to in the case of the
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science guys, because they don't usually go to organizations. even the science price, for example, the price for the, the discovery of have additional weight in 2017, which was made by an international collaboration called legal actually just went to 3 american scientists. i have to show you how we can show you seen it until you know about this, because you are a no bell price influenced that particular for the peace place to have a look here. is this dr. mr. allen, how sad is this graph green men per poor women? this goes for the entire history here of the nobel prize is right up until 2020. i didn't even need to explain over here. this is pathetic hamrick. how are you able to change this? no one to influence what you say, what you suggest those names you put out that could you just say ok for the next 10
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years, i'm only going to suggest women that might help. right? so it is so technically i am one of those who are allowed to, to nominate or you could, you either have to be a member of parliament and to be a member of the government. you have to be a university professor. i am a director of a piece research institute, so technically i can earn nominate or but i refrained from doing so precisely because i'm an influencer and trying to to speak of other prize without the hey, you know, having to monetize it. but i, i think, you know, seeing that statistics, it's really a, you know, her startling and, and it's, it's demonstrating 1st and foremost that this price has been iran, or these prices have been along for a long time, around for a long time. and at the, you know, this general gap was, was just more horrendous in the past and at this now if you look at t piece price or for the past 3 decades, it's still a gender gap. and before the 35 individuals who received a piece price 24, our men and 11 are women. but if you look at the past decade from 20116,
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our women 5 are men. so it's starting to look better. i think we are, you know, i wouldn't, ag advocate that no man could kill you have to pay his price, but from now and the, and for next decades. but i do think that this is something that the committee is, sir, he says, seriously, considering and also the joke, geographical distribution. if you look at the 35 and individuals over the past 3 decades, only 9 of them are european or north american or 15 are from the asian continent, 9 or african 2 or latin american. so this is starting to look much better in terms of the both the geographic no mirror in distribution for the piece price. i did, i just want my last thing to asking are if you had received a nobel prize, would you feel differently about it? well, i hope that if i get that call from sweden, you know, at midnight i would be able to see that, you know, i don't accept that price because it doesn't stand out. oh wow, i sample you harm and i wish more scientists. we do that as well. am right?
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it's so good to have had you in this discussion and, and thank you da vang as well for pointing out the purpose, the impact of the nobel prize. and also perhaps some of the challenges as well. we go next to oslo city hall in norway to meet 2 of my colleagues who are preparing for the nobel peace prize ceremony and a very distinct interview that they will be doing. hello, james. hello for lisa. nice to see. welcome. i'm going to put something to you 1st of all because i want you to join. i me hi. hi, very well. thank you. i'm. i'm going to put something to you. i want you to listen to this comment here, and it comes from the all slow new university college. and pixar pon some of the challenges that the nobel peace prize has in terms of the nominations. who receives it? have a listen, have a look. the nobel peace prize given to i'll be offered has become
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a huge embarrassment for the novel committee. never before as well know there, laurie, it's actively started a war and even commanded the war from the front line. as we have seen, i'll be america has been doing over the last few weeks, the noble committee cannot revoke your price once it has been offered. but the committee could have done more to cast light on the atrocity war. fair enough, your peer commanded by wallow there laureates. i see fully and james, both making notes about this. i am wondering because of so many entities you have done with nobel peace prize laureate what the take is from the nobel committee. are they embracing the control of a secret that keeps the prize relevant? or are they embarrassed sometimes when some of these very famous nobel laureates,
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the for short of the aspirational nobel peace prize that they were given. i think this was the most embarrassing one. so badly nonsense and g. yes, yes, a good that you were talking about, abbey ahmed, the prime minister of ethiopia. and it's interesting to note that al jazeera comes here most years, go to partnership with the nobel committee to come and do an interview with the laureate that we didn't do one with abby. i'm going out and do, he wouldn't do an interview. he, he was here for the ceremony. he gave his lecture to the, you know, no bell audience here, but wouldn't speak to the price at the time, declined the interview, which was quite interesting because it was the 1st time actually that a norie. it had been in ours know in a long time anyway, and declined to speak to the price. it wasn't just al jazeera, he just simply didn't talk to any media that was here in also. so that was quite interesting. controversial, of course i be made, but also man martin time to achieve recall praise. at the time when she was awarded
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the nobel peace prize because she had been in detention, of course, but then later on when she came to power and was silenced on the flight of the rowena in myanmar, there was a lot of criticism. also brock obama in 2009. he had no, she done anything. yeah. literally just as he become president, he got the nobel peace prize. yeah. for not being george w bush, rascally. so yeah, i mean, and i think some of the times it's when the no boat committee takes a bit of a pumped, because i think you got nobel prizes where they a recognize you noticing a particular thing journalism. this time to the problems facing journalism, we had nuclear weapons when i can gotten the prize. they are non cash in a hurry. those exactly, and i think that's what they were trying to do with i be army. they were trying to encourage that deal with eritrea. to make it a while you to peace deal with ethiopia and it's fallen flat, but peacemaker is now the war among ended. and i think they might be embarrassed by this really? well, i did the thing that is very secretive. it, they don't tell us,
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they don't tell us much about how they, they choose these nor heads. and afterwards, when the controversies arise, they don't really react to them, do they? and so i guess it in a ways it into, to know the whole nobel and you know, the secrecy behind it and the prestige of the nobel, the controversies exist, but does it take away up the prestige of the price as i am not very old? yeah, it is a very, very old thing, the nobel deed in his will. the other crises are all in sweden. the peace prize is set for, for some reason he didn't trust the swedes with a piece price, even though he was swedish. and he, he was about a manufactured dynamo. that's how he made his money, but he wanted to create a peace prize, even though he's a man made weapons of war. and he decided this one should be in no way when the, all the prizes ruled in sweden. so, so fully and terms, let's talk about these 2 piece supplies laureates that you are going to be talking to in a few hours time. maria reza, and to me, treat more
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a tough. i'm going to start a moment in october. i love these mo, as i love it, when the laureates find out that they've won the nobel prize because they kind of lose it. so this is maria resar in october, finding out when she was on that show panel that she had one. let's take a look and then fully and james, you pick up immediately and tell us more about why maria ressa is different, unusual special, and about these 2 particular laureates. let's take a look at maria. and mrs. for all of us. oh, my god. you know, don't why i am in shock, but i actually see what i mean. i am sorry. i think it's a recognition of how tough it is. see i don't cry and says, oh wait, wait 2 seconds. so this is a recognition of how hard it is to be a journalist today, how hard it is to keep doing what we do. right. so the thank you to the nobel prize
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committee. i share it the russian journalist and it's a recognition of the difficulties, but also hopefully we're going to of how we're going to win about ultra truth the battle for folks we hold the line. oh melanie amazing. yeah. brain recognition of how hard it is to speak. oh boy. oh sure. exactly. and you know what? i kind of wasn't surprised by maria races when i mean she was name time person of the year a couple of years ago. she's been out there promoting freedom of speech, freedom of expression in the philippines. she's known worldwide. i knew somehow this year that the nobel would go to journalism, a journalistic entity like an ice f reporters without borders or a journalist because of the state in which press freedom is around the world today
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bought one of the other possible candidates was rushes. alexi navarre me yes, because he got poisoned and then he got thrown in prison. and he is the most notable opponent to vladimir putin that we've seen for a long time. and that may have explained why a russia very, very distinguished russian jernace was also tornado. i'm praying for foot for the prize, but maria theresa is someone just truly exceptional. i think for journal, she's come a long way. i mean, she started off working at cnn, of course, as cnn's bureau chief in manila, and then went on to create her newest website wrapper. and she's been a thorn on the side of philippines. president rodrigo de tate a for a long time. i mean, i, she had so many cases again said there's even a libel case against her. that was just file as she was flying here, 2 hours. no, just a few days ago. even getting 2 hours no, was so difficult for her. for the last few days. she didn't know whether she was going to make it. i actually was on the same flight with her. and she had been to new york, but she had to fly back to the philippines to get
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a new authorization to fly, to also to pick up our peace prize. in the, in the courts granted her the permission. but for the longest time, she wasn't sure that she was going to make it because she's been under some inclusion permission for bail. yes, she's not off. she's not drop child, you know, anything. this is a nobel laureate who could well, not for any good reasons. and he just reasons could end up still in prison, i think entered a dmitri also terribly brave man running his newspaper set up at the time of the, of the co, the end of the cold war. and i left the union. he has lost 66 colleagues killed, murdered. yeah. and they never bought any of the people. jones at one of the little bought a few henchmen about the jails. atomize one of them, james, i was falling. i'm pretty tough sky i'm. i'm just gonna bring him dimitry, mar, a tough in at this moment because he taught me how many colleagues he last moments after he found out that he had won the nobel peace prize. he held a press conference and the 1st thing on his lips was we'll have
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a lesson because it's remarkable. and then i'm gonna hand back to you to at the also city hall. tell us more about dimitry. here is here the premier or you. but of course, mean your sugar chicken eager to dominate go. unless the bob board always starts a marquee a lower natasha demurely. option, option 5 is your mom got daughter, a girl is up apiece. you saw your season, daniel. my pleasure. she had been concerned at the premium in while you heard dmitri there, dedicating the award to his 6 colleagues from the via gazette who were killed, including honor poly taska. he is not as the public of a figure as maria theresa his kind of been behind the scenes, but he is run this newspaper nor via gazette, since 1993. it is white. that's why the collective collect clearly entered. he is the editor, and at one point after anabolic task iodide,
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he actually quit as editor. wanted to go away because it, i guess it was too much pressure on him, but they forced him. his colleagues coursed him to come back and take the reins of the paper again. so he's a really brave man, extremely brave. and, you know, the, when you look at it today, and of, i gazette is one of the last independent newspapers in russia, which isn't labeled a foreign agent. right? there's something interesting going on in russia media, because putin, who's been in power for 22 years now managed to work things. one of the big tv stations was called mtv one. the 1st things he did was make sure that was taken out by gum company, gas progress, and slowly television was controlled by the government and the mac conference message dominated everything. but the new thing course is the internet and social media. and that is magnifying the work of journalist, and that i think is how navarro me, for example,
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is getting his message across and getting the russian government so worried that exact app to poison him. and now he's in a, in a prison and social media in a way, i mean, when you look at put ins ratings now they've gone down compared to a few years ago because of social media because of the influence of social media in russia, especially among young people, so on the one hand, he uses it sometimes, you know, to, to disseminate, rushes propaganda in russia and abroad. actually has use social media in elections to, to interfere in elections in the u. s. and the brakes had in the brick set, tap vote in the u. k as well, but it's somewhat backfired at home. and is another aspect to this, which is people have said to me and believe so don't believe it. but in the past, when putin's had demonstrations, when he's had trouble at home, he starts to look further afield. i start to look for something different at this of somebody that changed the subject. well, we have a 120000 troops massing on the border of ukraine right now, that he may have reasons there to invade,
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but it might be relevant to all these questions. we're going to put to our 2 nobel laureates. tomorrow when we interview them. here for the nobel interview. now jesse are a special lie from arsenault and family. i want to invite your view as you audience to, you know, join us in the conversation. and finally caters where on facebook as well. streaming, alive on facebook and youtube. i just knew they were noticed dumping on once they get started. all right. it on, on youtube in this is liz rainy. maria restless, seems like a great choice. her work in the philippines has been amazing if for those new chief comments. and just in case you missed what fully and james was saying about that special news program and out there english a little bit later is the trainer for the 1st time since the lead up to the 2nd world war, the nobel peace prize is being awarded to jen, maria reza and to meet she motor tougher, receiving the 2021 prize for their courageous contribution to freedom of expression in the philippines. and in russia, in an exclusive interview,
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live here in oslo will be seeking to this year's lawyers about the challenges in dangers they faced doing they job. and if significance in protecting democracy, the nobel entity only on out to 0 on this week's thrice a new method of cremation, is helping hinder, tradition become more environmentally friendly. and we visit a danish community and to have taken sustainability to new heights just over there on the horizon is some so island where they are officially 100 percent renewable. we get that. and so this is it, that's the entity, right? good. weeds of change on al jazeera the health of humanity is at stake. a global pandemic requires a global response. w h o is the guardian of global health. delivering life saving
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tools, supplies, and training to help the world's most vulnerable people, uniting across borders to speed up the development of tests, treatments, and of vaccine keeping you up to date with what's happening on the ground in the world and in the lab. now more than ever, the world needs w h l, making a healthier world for you. for every one 0, there's a lot more to al jazeera than t v. with our website mobile app, social media, and podcast. al jazeera digital is the world to award winning online content, and each week on portal will bring you the very best of it. they're trying to broaden the people to be to go somewhere else. but the truth is that it got nowhere else to go. so if you missed it online, catch it here with me. sandra,
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got men on al jazeera holding the powerful to account. as we examined the u. s. each row in the world on al jazeera. ah, so we've said we'll meet at any time in any place. they are the ones who are not prepared to do it. the u. s. envoy on iran tells al jazeera to her on isn't ready for direct nuclear talks. ah, my money inside this valve there live from doha. also coming up the u. s. president office, his support to ukraine's lead a during a phone call while russian says it's not to blame for the military build up on the border.

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