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tv   [untitled]    November 16, 2021 9:00am-9:31am AST

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i got the explosion inspire i still don't feel like i actually know enough about what living under fascism was like. on equal broadcasting. some nelson have been august, i'm very happy. al jazeera english proud recipient of the new york festivals broadcaster of the year reward for the 5th year running. ah, i moline site into a year top stories on al jazeera. the presidents of the u. s. in china have held a virtual summit to day with issues that continue to cause tensions between them. the white house as j bought in race concerns about human rights, including the week of muslims in gen, john, province to bats and hong kong. biden engaging, paying, also discuss trade measures to address global energy supplies. i why south
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correspond kidney, how cat has the latest washington. this was not expected to be a color or rather, a face to face virtual visit that would bring about any big deliverables. for example, they weren't expected to resolve their trade differences. they were expected to resolve some of the supply chain issues that had been plaguing the united states. but instead, the u. s. president said that this was about establishing guardrails as he called it, in other words, making sure that those differences did not escalate to the point of confrontation, and that has been the concern for many years now. even a prior to joe biden, a taking office with donald trump in the white house ad. there was this escalation that included a trade war i. and while some of that has not been dialed back, there was a definite desire by the biden administration to change the temperature of the conversation. katrina,
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you has the view from beijing. we are getting some updates now from chinese state media that the meeting concluded about after 3 and just over 3 hours of discussion . one state media have just released the line that joe biden promise to she's been paying not to support taiwan independence our yet to verify that that's aligned us and put out by chinese state media. also, there's been a bit of an analysis because a present. she didn't thing apparently opened the discussion by calling terabyte in law preneel, which in chinese means old friends. so there's also been a lot of footage from chinese state media to warmly greeting each other informally at the beginning of this me saying, and that has been perceived very positively here in china. and also that positive reception has been reflected in the major asian stock markets who are which of all risen and as a result of this meeting. so i think there is a some sort of understanding or perception that at least that this has been one
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meeting that's resulted in some sort of positive result that the us china relationship former us president donald trump's long time ally steve bannon has surrendered to a federal authorities, but in his facing contempt charges for refusing to cooperate with the congressional investigation into january's attack on the capital. on his radio show, the day before bannon had said all hell is going to break loose. he spake media, his appearance in court. not just people are not just conservative. every progressive, every liberal in this country that, that like freedom of speech and liberty. ok should be fighting for this case. that's why i'm here today for everybody. well, i'm never going to back down and they took on the wrong guy, the guy that you stepping up at sanctions targeting deliveries as the migrant crisis by wesson's thousands of people a stuck at the border with poland. they, you, with the keys men's give using migrants as a form of hybrid warfare,
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which the bell russian government denies. i'm closing arguments in the trial of man mazda pose. lead on sushi are due to be heard in the next few hours. she was arrested off to being ousted, admitted she could in february. so cheese charged with in sourcing public unrest to found guilty. she faces decades in prison. that the court for consideration sydney's authorities have released algae. there is cartoon bureau chief from jail. elma saw me, elk hibachi was taken into custody every night on saturday, all to security forces rated his home. al jazeera, condemned the actions of c don's ministry. the u. s. actually of states has the keys, russia behaving recklessly, often blew up one of its old satellites. antony blinking, made the common soft and most goes weapons past endangered the lives of 7 asteroids on the international space station. as your headline news continues here and out
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there all to out is, are a welt ah ah ah, in mid 2020, a mobile phone belonging to al jazeera arabic was hacked over the next few months, working with an organization called citizen lab. the team from al jazeera unpacked an extraordinary story of some of the most advanced spyware in the world, and how it's used, not least, on al jazeera, as journalists,
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ah, with the click of a button, you can bring down nations to their news very rapidly. if you so desire, and if you're willing to take the room, cuz every system can be hacked. israel manufacturers, pegasus some of the most advanced spyware in the world. it 1st came to attention in 2016. since that, various governments have bought the spyware for their own use. questions today? ah, how does pegasus work? who is using it? and who are it's victims? well, there's very little in the actual detail behind the pegasus spyware. the code, the malicious code that was used, that's very, very difficult to find out more about how thought was all at the fair. les leslie
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and live in a kennel model phone because sort of had, he felt with it. let me go live at one. and them i can use, i'm heather mold walk in l t as in some mold. what had i on the in know, you're about for men, a lot of them could the seller this value for be 30 here, the saudi men had these hollow with all to see the arabic investigative reporter time at all, miss ha, followed a complicated technical process to track this infamous spyware. over many months, he had one of his own phones, monitored constantly with the help of citizen lab and an international research laboratory based in canada, that specializes in data surveillance. ah, citizen la, who's the 1st to expose the existence of israel's pegasus spyware. in 2016, they disclose details of what they called an exploit infrastructure. connected to a phone belonging to an activist from the united arab emirates, the infiltration,
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the hack, led to the rest of our madman. sewer remains in prison to this day. the new hacking technique was called a 0 day exploits. and pegasus was the spyware used to infiltrate monsoons formed bill ma site from citizen lab has worked for several years to expose pegasus. so what happened in 2016 started with this man. i madman sort of the activist in the u . e. and he noticed some suspicious messages on his phone or that he was getting the asam as he thought they were weird because they came from unknown numbers and they were promising information about human rights. so he forwarded them to me. it said as a lab, we had known each other for a while. i got a burner phone, not obviously my, my real phone, a burner phone and clicked on the links. and while i was doing this,
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i was recording the internet traffic and recording the activity on the phone and what was installed. when i clicked the link was a very sophisticated spyware payload. and the interesting question was, but who could be behind this? who might have programmed the spyware who might have sold it, who might be using it, and the process to figure that out is called attribution. so what we did in the report is we noticed that when you clicked on the link a 2nd time, it wouldn't cause the infection. it was only limited to the 1st click and the 2nd click would send you to a decoy website to try and make it look innocuous or benign. so we clicked on it the 2nd time we got redirected to google, but it wasn't just any redirect to google. it was a very specific piece of code that someone had sat down and written on their computer. so we figured, well, maybe this is part of this spyware somehow, and if we can scan the internet, we can find other servers that had the same weird redirect to google. so this is
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exactly what we did. we use the popular open source v math program. we scan the internet and found 149 other servers, and this is where it gets interesting because this 2nd redirect to google was also returned by 3 servers. and s o q a dot com q a n q a dot com, and mail one dot and s o group dot com and the name here. and so group we found in a brochure and these really government's website. they had a brochure for this company, and so group, which is based in israel and sells a product called pegasus, which is spyware. for mobile phones. in the case of pegasus citizen lab did very good work and was very, very inclusively able to say that pegasus had been written by and over. but it's actually stream we rare that we're able to get that sort of concrete attribution and say this malware was written by this company. the n s o group is
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a technology company based in hatch layer in israel founded in 2010. it employs over 500 cybersecurity experts, pegasus spyware, is viewed as its most important product use. israel is one of the most sophisticated cyber actors in the world. and i think that a lot of this is because the israeli army is training people to do this sort of offensive, packing for you know, in their military service. most of them allow me in the if he, how he should go home, how do you men wish that someone left within the huff a way the way is done? the list is what alaska really element of command will be. the customer well hold or should it get the morocco about?
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little cover was up at the thought was a little slightly r n a say, which is called unit a 200. it's pretty big. we allow them to create companies. and we, and order for the companies to develop, they need to make what they need to make money. they need to make money. thomas almost household to william benny, who for all the 30 years worked with the us national security agency, a former cryptography, and later whistleblower. com and benny was the n s. a technical leader of intelligence. many has a high level understanding of the agencies data collection systems. what that means is, any i phone or any phone in the world, 1st connecting to the network, when you want to use it, you're immediately known worldwide. i mean, all the switches have you and they capture your eyepiece and all,
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and your phone and at mac numbers and all that. that's how they bill you. so that also is the known by the network in the implants, computer network exploitation implants, they have around the world over this was in 2004 under 2010, somewhere in that range. they had over 50000 implants and all these switches, servers and networked worldwide. i mean that means they own the entire network. so that if you, your phone comes on the air, then they can, they can know who you are and where you are. when citizen, lab exposed and so and it's pegasus spyware. in 2016, it attracted world wide controversy and s o claims its mission is to develop technology for government agencies to quote, detect and prevent terrorism and crime. however, the nature of its targets, the individuals whose phones have been hacked, raises questions about these claims. when pegasus was released
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a few years ago, it was mainly targeted on human rights activists, journalists, and politicians, and targeted people maybe of people with high wealth. but it's never really going to be used on the, on china public, if you would, to target every one and in math net. i don't think that would be as important to the people behind it. they don't want to see my day to day that will see your day to day going off to specific people. the danger of such spyware as its ability to infiltrate every piece of private information and hacked the targeted device through the most used applications. oh. in 2019 whatsapp owned by facebook accused and eso of hacking the popular communications tool. and this waste fear amongst the huge numbers of global users of horse sub, especially at
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a time when some targeted victims appeared to meet with dreadful consequences. it. i thought himself gala softly darville visit phone miss they and been mosley elizabeth lane or the bell of a so did the mom. who did she aqua of a swirl of me dog, the la dog. my uncle serv monkwood to have my will, ma'am. let myself go, monsieur. love them. he does. i am. he saw nor was they via sill. it's on mexico. i up on me issue michelle, at mexico visual debate. the horn a mexican he, there's a lot at all nozzles to holland. nearly a clue away. eat till night. she had do i would be called to a la miss stella vellum and shallow. the yeoman hud do when they lamb. so if you do think that you are someone who is an important target, you're likely to face scrutiny by some government in the middle east or elsewhere. and you are a journalist, an activist, or a member of civil society. i'd recommend that yes, please do get in touch with,
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with citizen lab or other researchers who work in this space in the art and yeah, any other item at all? and we saw wanted to know how difficult it was to monitor a phone, suspected of being hacked. and here how many a santa basically involves installing an app on the phone, which allows us to inspect the internet traffic. and we do this for some period of time, depending on what theat a user would like. we can do it for a short time. we can do it for a long time and try and identify suspicious patterns or evidence that, that the phone might be hacked. while working as an investigative journalist almost held was c sweats and other suspicious messages through different apps. the threats increased over the months ramping up. as he worked on more sensitive regional subjects, he decided to install a tracking up and his work phone developed by citizen black to trace possible
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hacking the conventional way to hack a smartphone is to send a suspicious message to the targeted form that includes a short text and a link when the user clicks on the link, software takes control of the phone and thus makes the device accept any commands sent through the link. the device is then automatically connected to a server used by the hackers, and that is how the spyware gets installed on the phone. the user doesn't see the spyware on their phone, which is already been hacked. the hackers can then controlled the device and all its functions. the main challenge for spyware is to find a vulnerability in the targeted phone, particularly as modern smartphone security protection techniques have developed
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significantly. pegasus managed to advance this capability considerably to be able to penetrate various kinds of smartphone. once the infection happened, the malware itself did the same stuff that we see a lot of malware do, which is spy on phone calls, spy on text messages, and whatsapp messages. and any other encrypted messages you're sending and turn on your microphone and turn on your camera. um, what made it especially sophisticated was that they were willing to use brand new exploits for i phones to in fact their victims. and some of these exploits could cost upwards of a $1000000.00 each supply of pegasus spyware, to its clients, costs millions of dollars, and it can only used for a limited period of time. that means targeting a large number of smartphones from long periods of time, costs hundreds of millions of dollars. this extremely expensive cost raises
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questions. who can afford this spyware? who are an esl groups, main clients, on its website and a so group says its spyware is, quote, used exclusively by government intelligence, as efficiently requested by the government themselves. does this mean that pegasus cannot be purchased by other parties? when people leave the israeli military, or if they have all this very specialized, very highly sought after well paid knowledge. and so they take it to private companies such as an esl group, right. and then they, they sell it to a countries that are known to violate human rights. because, you know, even though they are perhaps very intelligent and by computer security, they clearly haven't thought so much about the human rights implications of what they're doing. or maybe they don't care. thank us. all of vaught bought each and
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we'll hail it. eat doing that you more limited there like legal singlish name. come on, me stuff, hold. so they be, the haunted me, denote it of in a haunted as they get on the goat go me modeling money off a lawyer, they are the will highlight is a lot on them so that they alive. hinesville, mexico in mac law, got mission villanueva so deep. e, mahala lane, hold amiable york, and the mahala layer ardelane lay the columbia of bell mann middle admitting old bo lome. while working on this investigation, tom, at almost how so many signs of hacking attempts on his phone, the one he had fitted out to track any infiltration. after 7 months, the 19th of july 2020, he received a phone call from citizen lab informing him that the phone had been hacked. the hacking happened
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a few days after he had entered an investigative documentary about an indian tie. truth, which disclosed controversial leaked documents about the typhoons linked to the you eat and his flight from the country are miss hall had used the same form to communicate with officials and individuals in the u. e. in order to give them the right to reply to the allegations and the film. so the 1st thing that we saw on your phone was on july 19th between about 103311288. m g m cheap. there were a very high number of connections to apple servers. now usually your phone will just communicate with one apple server for icloud, for your backups, for your contact syncing the information. but in this case, in less than an hour, we saw your phone communicate with 18 different apple servers and this was very unusual. you don't usually see those on phones. so that was the 1st clue that
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something suspicious was going on. and immediately after this communication stopped, we saw your phone reach out to this website regular hours dot net. in other words, your phone connected to this website. and this website stands out, because we know from our research, a citizen lab that regular ours dot net, this website is linked to in a, so group, packets, spyware. so we saw your phone reaching out to this. and so pegasus spyware server, which let us to suspect, and then later conclude that your phone was infected. so what we can see from the recording of your internet traffic. so let's go to this point in time here, 1129, where the phone communicates with the packets a server and we can look beforehand to see what was going on mediately before that . and the only thing that we see is this communication with icloud, with apple servers. we don't see any evidence that you pressed on a link were clicked on anything or went to any website. so what we think happened
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is that these communications with the apple servers delivered the initial exploits to have your phone. in other words, you didn't click on anything. your phone was automatically hacked, a so called 0 click, like we said 0 click exploit delivered through apple servers. this is a very expensive export. yes, this is if you think about the sophistication of exports to break into phones. this is as good as it gets 0 click means hacking, without clicking on any links. pegasus does not require any action by the user or a click on any suspicious links. the user receives a call from an unknown caller through the internet, and the phone gets hacked, even without answering the phone call. after that pegasus spyware is installed on the targeted phone. taking full control of the device was definitely the most sophisticated attack i've seen in the last few years. a fact it was able to be
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installed on a target device without the target, even clicking on anything. so 0 click attack. this is incredibly impressive. and like, is a very barely thing to better do that. it so sophisticated. but as it is rare, it's difficult for us to, to really know much more about it. and something of this magnitude was able to be conducted to steal such data is the bit of a worry. see how that if the rock as the little click tomato miss hall wanted to know if the 0 click process enabled, complete access to all the applications and content on his full deaf in milan. and he has as far as we know, they can access everything on the phone. we saw from looking at the log files on your phone that they were able to access the media framework. so they were able to turn on the microphone turn on the camera. if they wanted to and listening to
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meetings or conversations going on around your device, or they were also able to tap into the key chain on the phone, this is where your passwords for email accounts. social media may be stored. in the fact, the citizen lab was trucking thomas phone helped him take precautionary measures to prevent sensitive information being accessed. the most important thing was for him to discover the moment the hack into place and who else was affected. vote we found working together with, i'll does here as i t team is that your case was not the only one. there were at least $36.00 other cases inside al, jazeera of phones that were communicating with servers that we linked to and s o groups pegasus spyware. in other words, there were many different people at al jazeera who were hacked and targeted. not just you. i'll miss holland, the team from citizen lab,
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analyze the data connected to the hacking technology which targeted these devices. the hack appeared to be part of an organized campaign targeting symbol tenuously. the mobile phones of dozens of al jazeera journalists in order to spy on them. according to citizen labs technical report, israel's pegasus spyware, was used to infiltrate these phones by looking at the links and the accounts, the hacking of the phones was carried out, mainly in the u. e. and saudi arabia. the 2 countries that most used this advanced israeli technology in the region for what we saw with the infections inside al jazeera is that about half of them were from this operator that we call monarchy. it's a code name that we give these operators when we refer to them inside citizen lab. and this operator is spying mostly in saudi arabia and cutter,
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but not very many other countries. so this tells us, well, if they're spying mostly in saudi arabia, maybe it is, in fact the saudi arabian government and the other half were from this other operator that we call sneaky kestrel inside citizen lab. and this operator seems to be mostly targeting inside the united arab emirates and cutter. so this tells us that the government, in this case may be the united arab emirates government, in other words, to different governments. it, like we're behind this campaign, ah, deals to purchase pegasus spyware on no longer a secret. many reports claim that saudi arabia and the u. e. have spent hundreds of millions of us dollars to buy pegasus from israel. such deals seemed to be reinforced after the recent us brokers so called normalization deal between the u 8
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. e and israel ah. a with with m mother, nature's gift of cold full landscapes. a strong infrastructure governance arising
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were investments are waiting to flourish with even supplied by condition to where beautiful possibilities are offered. beyond the comfort zone were assumptions or challenge. travel to the ends of the earth and further experienced the imaginable. are the people who live it. witness award winning documentaries on a just a year serious dorcas days with one man leading the country through pleasant alice's last legitimacy. he needs to step back. how has he retained control through over a decade of war? we examined the global power games of president bashar al assad. we believe assad simply carrying out iranian orders. what keeps you awake at night?
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when you reason that could effect any human assert master of chaos on all jazeera, we understand the differences and similarities of cultures across the world. so no matter how you take it will bring you the news and current affairs that matter to you. oh, i money insight into i top stories on al jazeera, the presidents of the u. s. in china have held a virtual summit to deal with issues that continue to cause tension between them. the white house says joe biden brace concerns about human rights, including the weaker muslims in gin john province to bats and hong kong. fide and engaging paying. also discuss trade and measures to address global energy supplies .

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