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tv   [untitled]    November 15, 2021 7:30pm-8:01pm AST

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it other for him, for john was in general in cairo. undaunted, the channel went to her, but gaining more popularity and winning awards. it managed to reverse the direction of the news. flo different, a stronger voice to the global south. in 15 years, a da 0 english has solidified its a global footprint and continues its commitment to viewers by bringing to light stories that are otherwise less covert hammered. while i'll, does your ah, that lines on al jazeera, the bell russian president says he's trying to persuade thousands of migrant stranded on the border with poland to head back to their home countries. the use preparing new sanctions against bell russian entities. nato secretary general has warned russia against what it describes as aggressive actions on the border with
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ukraine. yen salt and berg says there has been a large and unusual build up of russian troops on ukraine's borders in recent weeks . in the us from the present, donald trump's long time ally steve bannon has surrendered to federal authorities, his facing charges for refusing to corporate, with the congressional investigation into the january 6 attack on capital hill. the u. s. secretary of states has welcomed the release of american journalist daniel fenster, who was sentenced 11 years in prison in myanmar. and so was the managing editor of frontier myanmar, an online magazine user. the latest pictures of him landing in dough are on his way back home to the us. he was arrested in may accusing of encouraging descent against the military tutor. a fencer was seen getting into an ambulance and driven to hospital for medical treatment. i'm feeling all right physically. um it's just the same. a brave ations and things that come with any form of incarceration. you just go a little stir crazy. ah,
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the longer drags on more were you are that is just never gonna. and so those, those are the biggest concern. staying same through the police in the u. k. a treating an explosion outside of hospital in liverpool as an act of terror for men are being questioned over sundays attack. police say a man carried an explosive device with him in a taxi. the united nations has been east 40000000 dollars of emergency funds to help civilians caught up in the tig ry crisis in ethiopia. as well as the rest of the country's conflict hit north kenya's president visited ethiopia to push for an end to the conflict in the government and rebel forces in austria and vaccinated. people will not be allowed to leave their homes for at least 10 days. protests have taken place on sunday against a nationwide restrictions anyone over the age of 12 who hasn't had a co v 19 shot can only leave their home for essential reasons. you're upset with headlines on al jazeera. i'll have more news for you after accounting,
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the cost to stay with us. ah ah, i hello, i'm adrian for again. this is counting the cost on al jazeera. you'll look at the world of business and economics this week. climate change is reshape this. a hell food insecurity. cruise and the pandemic, a leading to a rise in violence and terrorist. tens of thousands of people have been displaced as a laken. molly evaporates, what little water there is,
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is controlled by armed groups including al qaeda. at our groups are making a grab for gold, rich land in the region and drought has ravaged the california central valley. the region provides vast amounts of food for the us and for export, but for how much longer. the $100.00, private and state own fossil fuel companies account for almost 80 percent of historical greenhouse gas emissions. the richest most developed and industrialized countries are overwhelmingly to blame for our climate emergency, but they're unlikely to sell for the most from it. it's areas like this a hell in africa that a suffering the most, an explosive cocktail of climate change. food insecurity. coups and the pandemic, a leading to a rise in violence and terrorism, known as the belt of africa for hell, is a 5000 kilometer, a semi arid territory, which stretches from mauritania on the atlantic ocean to eritrea,
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on the red sea. but these are the countries in the west africans how we're going to be focusing on today. martina akita, faso, chad, molly and the jap. now out of 189 countries on the u. n's human development index that looks at income health and education to assess how well economies are doing these nations rank at the bottom of the table. and here's what's contributing to the poor economic performance. temperatures arising one of the half times faster than the global average. and could be 3 to 5 degrees celsius, warmer by 2050. remember, the paris accord hope to keep global warming well below 2 percent. all this is leading to erratic rainfall. the united nations estimates that 80 percent of the health re and fed farmland is affected by degradation, which is undermining food production cove. it has pushed the whole region into its
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deepest recession since independence. 1.3000000 people have been plunged into extreme poverty. with 1400000 young people poised to enter the sally and countries job markets every year with little in the way of opportunity. it's proving to be recruiting ground for extremists, extremist. you've been financing themselves through taxes on farmers and trade routes through the sahara. have made a land grabbed for gold rich areas in the tri state area in north patina, faso, which is africa, the 4th biggest producer of gold. reuters investigation found the terror groups were tapping the $2000000000.00 informal goal trade in mali and nas, yeah, well, outside, interventionist on little to quell the violence. 8 years after deploying troops to this a hell to crush your hottest insurgency. france has said that it plans to haul its presence. that decision didn't go down well in molly interim, prime minister should well, my eager slammed france for its abandonment of molly. it's now seeking support from
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russia. ok, we have to report for you in a moment. i'll just hear as of an address report from chad on the consequences of shrinking, fertile grazing lands. but 1st out of here is nicholas huck on how climate change has transformed the lake in northern molly into a desert on the edge of tim booked to is a disappearing lake, with the temperatures approaching 50 degrees celsius, vanished into thin air or the green waters of the mighty lake figure being grandma modified obama do spun, says it's getting hotter. he's no longer a fisherman. he's witnessed waves of sand gradually take over the waterways. he once sailed for fish. the sea shells from a life that once existed, remain gone. are the mango trees and the green gardens for farming mourns who smuggler never would attack again? 9 different hold on with one, there was water on our land. we grew rice and wheat. look at it. now the people, the village, are building natural barriers to stabilize the sand dunes and stop them from moving already the sand is dangerously close to their homes. from above,
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the natural barriers looks like a fishing net cast over the sand and attempt to stop the unstoppable desert dunes have already buried homes. now it's headed for the nearby school. i'm from edible oak. seen you called up at a co signer. you see this sand dune wasn't there before it entered the school from the right. the ground was flat between those 2 blocks. this is a school for almost 400 students. that's an entire generation. a last generation, a generation condemned to fleet, or be recruited who more droughts, here are rainfall. water has become scarce. farmers and herders fight over it. in areas where the mountain state is largely absent arm groups including a kind of control access to water and arable land, giving it only to those willing to join their ranks. the combination of the om conflicts and the effect of climate change is like a death sentence for those population. when the whales are empty, i mean people are on,
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has to flee in search ortho that water and there are places where people fight for water. it's a self of conflict between communities today, 300000 people have fled an area where there was once an abundance of water. the surface of it was once lake like a bean, is hot with an unknown gas in its killing the remaining shrubs. forcing the last people to leave this vanishing oasis in search of a more friendly climate. another victim of climate change, a prized horse, succumbs to the searing heat. here an exhausted lamb was left behind by my greeting, heard for wild animals to deval as his losses. pile up, i do muhammad, the rounds of his cattle and family, and head towards the border with the cambro. me were laugh, we'll know. we'll put a wood. we are leaving to the pastures, greener and the weather's more bearable. the migration will save what's left of my
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cattle, the drought and the rising heat had taken so much away from me. his just trying to cut his losses and recover, even if that means risking attacks by bandits broke her arm and corrupt officials as he crosses the child, come rude border. mom would you bring expects the dry period and his losses to continue and has her add them has have been, is by the rains have failed us and the unbearable heat is drawing up the little water that we have. it's painful to watch your animals die and there is nothing you can do about it. he is not sure if he will have any kettle left before the reins return. activities, say people in this a hell our ready living but gloomy future. they say the region continues to see a rise in temperatures and p a could get worse if it took them off. it comes with a disease. if i can definitely tell you that in this region, time has in fact run out. it's up to us to act and mitigate the impact gross till occupy, like slaves of territory,
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farther limiting access to water and lead for agriculture. the impact of climate change becomes clear, possible, really supposed to make a difficult decision to sell of the animals are very low prizes or let them die. and when they bring them to markets like this, they find few people can afford to buy them. i did research, i'll just eat a german. let's get some analysis with on ella mod around the head of this a hel program at the institute for security studies. she joined us via skype from banner co, the capital city of molly, good to have with us on the la. how much of what we've just seen is to do with climate change and how much of it has to do with poor economic management and political instability. all of these factors definitions should be their situation. on the one hand, the climate change is found, the very difficult situation and cation extreme plan has been
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the lifestyle you. however, as mentioned before, and then the committee call government region only makes the west. the fact that you mentioned nbc has been saving all that a very serious security has be great in the region for 10 years. and what is behind the rise of the groups? is it lazy of us just to apply the labels extremist or islamist to these groups? this is a very good question, you know, as soon as where we start right? in the, what we see is the right to be honest groups we, a variety of operating the most moms are the one happens to reach by an
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extremist. we tend to be pushing a n is lunney rep is fine, however. oh, here you know that don't have any religious or a bit. so actually is a simplification to look at the security situation as being exclusively an experience driven walk outside intervention help. francis is currently drawing down troops off to 8 years in the region. is it fair to say that they've had little impact on the violence? well, you know, we don't have to come to factual so we don't know what things would be looking like right now with
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a what do you know? he said this is a expenditure. but in terms of, you know, political investment, financial investments and law lives, also the situation remains really dire with shows the limits the international and external intervention is molly, where you are now looking to, to russia for support. it's not something we should be concerned about. i think that something that should 1st of all concern and question for the additional military and security ma'am. the very fact that the government has been waiting the prospect of dealing with
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a company at what would be an extremely high potential. while at the same time, we do have international, a sheet that are expensive and that are 3 this question about the advocacy of their support as well as in terms of alignment to too many in needs and priorities. at the same time. of course, it's important to keep in mind that the money government has to anything about the so called a company deal. and the see me key element was at the yeah, is still very much a political game and that's what i like, how the groups operating in the region financed and what is the hold right now over
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the goal, producing areas. this is another great question. so i don't use operating in the region are due to a financial flows as well. one thing we know is that you know, the real cost to legal taxi using that for instance, as well as a, as well as a captain, roughly are a part of the local industries that, that the speed upgrade. we also do have data on the presence and the use my cheese,
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including to walk in personal space. which of these are using to, to get access to material goods and financial plan outside the b alcorda linked groups of health talks with authorities in molly and the quino faso of those talks where the, where have they been productive? this is a working truck. right? so i'm a bit of an engineering position on whether or not to a label, and it's a 2017 with a series of national talks that i keep on to the government to explore these action . while this is something that study been discussed much more recently,
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i see that these talks when i see that the option for such data would remain on the table. the key questions that government will have to solve include, well, what is there to be a who exactly are the interlocutors? what are the communication channels to use and sending them in? if you're going to initiate the decisions you should also be willing to go or is what. ready we need to meet on, on the table. so what is a for me to station potentially button on the less been really going to talk to you on counting the cost money. thanks again for being with us. thank you for 80 percent of our food is growing on 500000000 small farms around the world just to one degree increase in global temperatures would hit production by 10 percent. as
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we've already seen, climate change is having huge consequences in the hell. it's also a problem in the rich world. here's, i'll just here was rob rentals with report from california. so how are things going tough, mike wood is the 3rd generation farmer in california's san joaquin valley. he grows 200 hector's of omen trees. but recently he's been thinking of selling the ranch. yeah. the confederation of sale has been right in the front of the gray matter for quite some time. actually, this dolly is a cornucopia of agricultural plenty rich soil and a benign climate produced a vast bounty of meat, milk, vegetables, fruits, and nuts. but global warming is changing the valley. 2021 was the 2nd try us here on record. while some years are wetter than others, repeated drought strains, the capacity of an elaborate system of canals and reservoirs that bring water from
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far away. it's getting hotter to the valley. he had a record $45.00 degrees celsius in september land where fruits harvestable might be grown would be left idle. it's not unusual to see sites like this entire orchards ripped up and ground into mulch. these effects aren't unique to california, china, russia, nigeria, brazil, all over the world have their own localized impacts. but the one thing in common is the global warming is causing those impacts and humans are causing global warming. scientists say some of the world's most important breadbasket regions are also the most at risk of failure due to climate shocks, persistent drought and extreme temperatures here in california and other farming regions around the world raise an important question about the future of our
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species. how can an ever warming planet feed a human population that is expected to grow from 7900000000 to day, to nearly 10000000000 by mid century? simply expanding farm land won't do. the more forests are cut down the worse global warming gets. scientists say we must adapt or starve our ability to be able to feed the planet is going to require some wholesale changes both and how we produce food . and how we share food across the planet is going to require that we probably change our diet and move more towards a plant based science. this is the emitter, mike wood is optimistic, that technology will provide a solution. when i talk about the technology, i'm talking about the ability to produce 50 percent to a 100 percent more than we did on the same acre 40 years ago. hope for the future
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in a time of climate uncertainty. let's get more than on the challenge is that farmers face as they deal with climate change. mike will give me as the chief executive of the fair trade foundation, he joins us now via skype from london. good teddy with a michael. tell us something about the impact on the climate change is having on the fathers that you work with. what century does a global coalition of foam as businesses and consumers working together better tail for the men and women and lower income countries, see who called the food that we will rely on every day. and the, the problem is, climate change is real and it's happening now. we work with 1800000 farmers and 75 countries around the world. and it's the number one priority. so the challenge we face is the, the positive noises, the, the words for being pledged in cop needed to be transferred into action immediately
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. let me just give you one example of the many we're seeing from around the world amongst affair trade producers in the dominican republic where farmers grew up bananas for exports to the european markets. there were enormous problems with flooding caused by the climate crisis in type and on a phone with was flooded in 2016, wiping out the entire crop. and then the following year there were hurricanes just after they'd replanted hurricanes. again went to the cross. now, for farming communities who rely on being able to grow food to export, that's an incredibly serious problem. and for us consumers that it really matters because in the u. k. for example, bananas, our freed staple. pretty much every child's lunch box and search if, if we collectively don't titled the climate crisis, there will be no phenomenon. she monetary cost would be devastating for the
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guarding communities of us. and it's part of our food security in the global. no, it really matters to us. rich nations had pledged was something like a $100000000000.00 to an annual finance to low income countries affected by the climate emergency. and they've lost the fail to to live up to that promise you any more hopeful now off to cop 26. yes, i'm afraid my so short on the pledges are still there. i'm for them. but the money isn't cheap for me. and this is why we in fact trade our campaigning for this 100000000000 promise to be met. the promise was made years ago and it still hasn't arrived and it needs to be a $100000000000.00 every year to help low income countries in the global south and mitigate against climate change. and like i said, just with myself, clumping on it, it's happening today. the pledges have still not made that from to 1000000000, you know, come to life various places,
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but the numbers way below the 100000000000. neither saying it they may start next year. maybe the 2023 is the latest i've heard. the problem is it's, it's also that even when the money is placed, even if it's found, it then needs to be put into the hands of the people on the front line. and in many agricultural countries, those are the farmers themselves, too often the money doesn't actually get into their hands and they need it so they can invest in what's needed on the farms to be able to mitigate against the climate question or what, what are the companies that you work with doing to, to, to help the farmers to provide the support that they need. well, i think frederick is an example of folk, actually. so as i said, we are a coalition of farmers, consumers, campaigners and businesses. and we will be involved in cops this year, the, there is a pledge which $27.00 leading companies around the world have signed, which said that they will stand by farmers as part of the the,
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the way they think about mitigating durn carbon footprint. when the logic is, you know, if you want, if you're investing in food, if you're, if you're in the food business, you have to recognize that farmers need a for income. it all begins with trust and poverty. i'm afraid. so farmers have the financial wherewithal, the working capital to invest in mitigating on their farms. they will not be able to withstand the climate crisis. so the leading to businesses that we work with, global brands like bet in jazz. we're also working with very many of the retailers around the world in the u. k. the cart weight tries sense and so on. they are committed to seeing. i feel like a holistic approach where, where in order to mitigate their own carbon impacts, they have to recognize the weakest financially in the chain too many times, but farms. so what they're saying is they will, they see paying performance. they tries as a very important 1st step of ensuring that there is working capital investment in those farms. and of course with that,
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what happens is federal producers and the experts, you know, they know what they're doing. they're also entrepreneurs are not passive beneficiaries in this. so they are using the extra capital, but come through fed trade to invest in that businesses better irrigation, better soil management setting is there is of labs for nursery. so they can grow carbon as climate resisting crops. they're looking at a far station as well as reforestation, a load of enterprising activities which would be a total past the problem. so there is hope that just needs be taken to a very big scale, which is why the $100000000000.00 a year from government is needed. my michael, many thanks to you for being with us on catching the cost really good. talk to you . thank you. and that is our show for this week. don't forget if you want to comment on anything that you've seen, you can tweak me. i'm at a finnegan on twitter. please use the abstract, ha, ctc. when you do or you can drop us a line counting the cost of al jazeera dot net is our email address. that is plenty
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more for you online at al jazeera dot com slash ctc. that takes you straight to a page. there you'll find a time episodes for you to catch up with that. is it for this edition of counseling, the cost on adrian finnegan for the whole team here. and so huh. thanks for being with us. but he is on al jazeera, his next ah ah, i frank assessments. what's the point of view? and if multilateralism isn't part of its dna, we need somewhere where sovereign states can exchange views. informed opinions is focused likely to change biking behavioral. it's not going to change their behavior, they're going to continue to do what they do when it's going to be more in trade
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and less in terms of trying to match this more games mentality. in depth analysis of the days global headlines inside story on out j 0 a with a, with a, a community decimated by cancer fights for the truth. who in this room has cancer,
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or knows that someone that lives here that has cancer fault lines exposes houston's cancer cluster. these are the 110 properties that have grown contamination underneath. they lived out of public community to say from bill bell with fort lines on al jazeera. ah e u. foreign ministers have agreed to impose more sanctions against bella rules, blaming it for the migrant. chrisy said the border with poland, where thousands are stuck in freezing conditions. ah, it's 1700 hours gmc, you're watching al jazeera live from doha. i'm fully back to ball. also coming up,
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donald trump, i see van and surrendered to u. s. federal authorities in connection with the investigation into the january 6 dorming of capitol hill.


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