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tv   [untitled]    November 3, 2021 1:00pm-1:31pm AST

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ah, with ah, this is al jazeera ah hello and welcome on pete adobe. you're watching the news or live from doha, coming up in the next 60 minutes. every day, more people are suffering and during the un human rights chief releases a report on ethiopia as war documenting what she describes as extreme brutality
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void by major climate announcements. leaders had home from cop 26 leaving officials to negotiate sticking points like finance. the way it was, andrew was plainly as that in the back. the french ambassador in cambro accuses australia of deceit in a simmering dispute over cancelled submarine d. also on the program, the taliban says it wants to and afghanistan, dependence on opium. we'll hear how it may take a global effort. i'm leah harvey harding, and i'll have all of the sports, including how the atlanta braves won. the world series an epic style over the houston astros. with our top story, the u. n. has found evidence that all sides in ethiopia is to grind conflicts of
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violated international human rights, and some may amount to war crimes and crimes against humanity. the u. n's. human rights chief said the year long conflict has been marked by quote extreme brutality . the report says the ethiopian army to brian forces and the era tray, an army have either directly attacked civilians or caused civilian casualties. the reports been released as ethiopia enters a new state of emergency with to grey rebels. moving towards the capitol. surveillance integrity had been subjected to brutal violence and suffering the joint investigation team and cover numerous violations and abuses, including awful killings and etc. the shall execution, torture, sexual and gender base violence violations, again cerebral tease and force displacement of civilians. while the joint investigation was conducted by the un and state run ethiopian human rights
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commission responding in a statement you the european prime minister, wrote. although we have some serious reservations concerning some aspects of the report we recognize and accept the report as an important document. that compliments our ongoing effort to provide redress to victims, ensure accountability and take preventative measures. he said the accounts of those have been violated our heart breaking. now while the rebel t p l f spokesman gave a damning assessment, even before the report was released, saying the investigation didn't cover all areas and made hardly any effort to contact to grant officials live now to samuel get to choose in addis ababa for us. samuel, what's the latest on the ground? as far as we can tell, the latest is this report was just handed to us, was emailed to us. it said damning reports that reflect that all our cars, including the your band there at chia near the t p. a never and
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we've lost that line to samuel get the true in atis. we will try and re establish contact with samuel if and when we come here on the news. i'll, let's move on now though to patrick. you said he's director for the africa region of the international committee of the red cross. he was just in at the top of it. he joins us from geneva. patrick, welcome back to the news or you've just come back from the country. what did you leave behind? what was it like there? um and welfare for us, thanks for having on your show on the situation is extremely diary, as you can imagine, we continue operating within the limits of a rapidly evolving situation. and we are currently assessing the impacts of the imposition by the council of ministers of a nation wide state of a number emergency, which as you can imagine, in such a humanitarian situation. dire humanitarian situation, the focus should be indeed to the liver,
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vital. i repeat vital life saving aids to people who need it in again and environment that has been rapidly deteriorating, as illustrated, by the way in the, in the last few days, by a large number of people being uprooted, moved without anything, and installed in public housing for schools that unfortunately are not sustainable for people affected by war. do you people on the ground in the region or indeed do any of the aid organizations in the country or in the region have access to to cry at the moment. but we are in t drive, but we're also in, i'm hot out in the far and same area and many other parts of the country. you know, as the think ray and other regions remained sealed off a diet humanitarian situation for the civilians continued to aggravate. so that as we speak today, for example, mckinley hospital, either hospital declared or dilate,
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his services were halted, you'd the lack of medicine. so our teams are trying as much as they can, although at the moment we don't have a physical presence. for example, at the frontline, in dc for example, or in con wilcher. and that networks are down to be able to assess the current situation. but our teams are up and running. a trying to deliver aid as much that they can, the, if your pin, red cross has been also at the forefront and leading the humanitarian response in many aspects. and that's indeed a hopeful sign, but much more. it has to be done to be able to deliver despite the difficulties to access fuel for fun, for cash. but also the lack of medical supplies will certainly hamper the delivery of effective aid to all those who need it. as far as what's going on there. right now we've been reporting now for what the best part of 48 hours the way that it would appear that to grind rebels have moved south. they've taken 2 significant towns on the road down towards adis. so there's
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a bit of an information vacuum wrapped around that news as well. but what you need, i guess, is clear, frank chal, information as to what's going on, particularly when it comes to the number of people, have been displaced by this and are continuing to be displaced. well, you're absolutely right. so we definitely need to have eyes and ears on the ground . we need to be able to talk to all those who are affected to be able as well to architect their response with other humanitarian organizations, state agencies, and all those would have a direct impact on people's lives. so without having that access, we won't be able to simply adjust that with you many getting a response or a delivery accordingly now and to your point as fighting intensifies, i think we all need all parties of the conflict needs to respect international humanitarian law at all. times 3 to protect those who are wounded,
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those who are arrested and out now sitting in prisons, but also protecting their life and dignity of civilians. so that the aftermath would be less dangerous, as it is to day patrick use if the engine but just back from addis ababa. thank you very much. thank you, sir. ok. we've managed to establish a re establish, comes with samuel, get you in addis ababa as well. samuel apologies for the break up with the line earlier on you were taking us through what we think might be going on almost our to our because they seem to be so many variables here in this conflict. i mean, oh lord, on to 1000000 people displeased thousands of people that have died. thousands of your parents that have gone to the sudan. this conflict that began integra is an am hire enough far. there's a rumor that they're heading to id saburd, at least the residence up i'd be sellable, have been told to take arms and defend their interest. the u. s. embassy has been
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saying all their citizens should leave ethiopia because of safety issues. it's las k time to be in the field that the more samuel, thank you very much. so we'll get to with the latest information as we understand it on the ground there in ethiopia, and shortly we'll speak live to the un high commissioner michelle, passionate about that new report that's been released in the last hour or so. she'll be joining us live from geneva, stay with us for that. ah . so now we'll move to the scotty city of glasgow, where there is an upbeat mood today. after 2 landmark climate deals were made at cop $26.00. they include agreements to reverse deforestation and cut methane emissions by the end of the decade. leaders have flown out now, leaving officials to iron out the sticking points, light financed the money. who pays for it? how much will it cost? how the wealthier countries are going to her help other countries adapt to climate change and move to renewable energy. over the next 5 years, we will deliver
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a total of $500000000000.00 of investment to the countries that need at most. and we can do more to day. i can announce that the united kingdom will commit a 100000000 pounds to the task force on access the climate finance. making it quicker and easier the developing countries to access the finance they need. and we're supporting a new capital markets mechanism which will issue billions of new green bonds here in the u. k. to fund renewable energy in developing countries. pretty soon i just want to get us a james bayes is still in glasgow. sir james, all the presidents and prime ministers, appealing away as of last night into this morning. but the, the diplomatic work really kicks off now. how do they do it? well, that's exactly how these things work. the leaders are nearly always in the room. one, the deals have been pre cooked and the announcements you had on deforestation,
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and on me saying, certainly those agreements had been done what they managed to get by having all the leaders here was more countries to go look this countries signing on. we better sign on to and they manage to get both those agreements with signatures of more than a 100 countries. and i think that those numbers go up as this continues. but the lead is go away now and it's the hard work behind the scenes. the tough negotiation that takes place between the countries and the country groupings, because there are different parts of the world, but grouped together in negotiations like this to try and get what they want. we know that the u. k. of course, being the host will be very present the u. k. prime minister bars johnson like these come back towards the end. this is 12 days. it's supposed to run for this conference. other leaders, we expect to come back towards the end of the, the un secretary general, certainly is planning to come back towards the end to try and push the final agreement. but it's not all about what they finally agree here as
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a whole. it's also about the individual commitments from the individual countries that will be individual lobbying of different countries to increase what they're going to do to make the way they operate much. greener is a simple, james is throwing money at this because it's all very well. you've done the interviews up there in glasgow. we've done interviews yesterday and the day before here in doha, you know, talking to analysts saying, well, people who at the moment work in a dying industry will be redeployed or reverse and in something else. but if you're a 54 year old coal minor in the rust belt of america, difficult to imagine that person making the shift to generating an income, doing something in a green industry. surely when push comes to shove, this means job losses for an older generation and that's a difficult one for the politicians to sell. potentially does. and in some ways, even though that's going to be very difficult politically in the us,
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the example you give, it's going to be much, much harder for the develop, developing. well, because they have to problems, they've got to work out how to deal with the threats of climate change, but they also gotta work out how to transform the economies of that's why you speak to all the developing countries. they say they need financial assistance, as you say, finance day. here at cop 26. we've heard richey soon check the u. k. finance minister talking about re wiring the global economies as london will be the 1st net 0 financial center to set the way for other other places to follow on lots of announcements of helping the developing world. but i think those in the developing world is somewhat skeptical, because i've heard these announcements before. there was this figure that you hear repeatedly $100000000000.00 annually from the riches countries on earth given to the developing world about was announced in 2009. and it was supposed to take place in 2020. well, we pulse 20202021 that's still missing the target meeting target. now talking about
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2023. the other factor in all this is getting the private sector involved and a lot of effort on that. that's gonna be a lot of the, the discussion that's taking place here today. but earlier on i spoke to an investment bank that actually with the private sector is making ins, extraordinary steps in the right direction. and it's governments particularly what western governments that in his view on stepping up at the stage. james, thank you so much as ever. james bass at the magic at the, at $26.00 in glasgow. while fishing communities worldwide are often among the worst affected by climate change in the philippines, rising ocean, temperatures, and sea levels are having a devastating effect on marine life as adding to gun reports. now from manila, this is having a huge impact on thousands of families who rely on fishing to survive. the ru, cortez is beneficial men all his life. he grew up in started his own family in this coastal village. in manila
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b. foot life has been hard over the last few years. and now he's thinking of moving somewhere else. that may have been as i work with young than any catching fish for us, no feels more lake funding. luckily we have to head out fargo at sea for fish, all the hoping to come back to the meagre harbor. that means we also need a bigger boat, which consumes more fuel here and there is not much left for us after that. more than 2000 families live on this part of manila bay. many of them have been living here for generations. and almost all of them are dependent on fishing for their livelihood. people here tell us the sea level in manila bay is continuing to rise and have had to reach the floors in their homes to avoid them. the submerged b c. this rise in sea level is due to climate change pricing by $12.00 millimeters per year. and if i'm not mistaken, but global average is
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a little bit higher than 3000000 countries in the middle of the planet, will have a different number. and for the philippines, it's for science ah, the full of beans accounts for less than one percent of global greenhouse gas emissions. but it's among countries most at risk from the impacts of climate change and like other poor nations at risk. the philippines says finance from wealthy con cheese is essential to deliver on their climate plan for the board. president rodrigo the 3rd to says the poor are always playing catch up with the rich with no hope of ever succeeding. in closing the gap, he says that's because developed countries who remained the biggest supporters choose to do business. as usual, develop boundaries must, will build a long standing commitment to apply made financing, technology transfer, and
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a capacity building. in the developing, we're, this is a moral obligation that cannot be avoided or yell cortes says he may not fully understand the science behind climate change, but he lives with its effects. every day. jim l as in dog and al jazeera manila. okay, along or is it coming out for you here on the news? i will tell you about the kobe 19 vaccine updates. the u. s. president, your biden's calling a turning point in the pandemic, and in sport, it was rinaldo to the rescue. again, pharmacy might coming up later in the air with ah, syrian state tv is reporting that israel has launched a number of miss aisles targeting an area on the outskirts of damascus. there were
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no immediate reports of any casualties. a similar attack happened last saturday, but was intercepted by syrian air defenses. the diplomatic falling out continues between france and australia after a field multi $1000000000.00 submarine deal. the french ambassador to australia has accused camber of intentional de seats when it cancelled their agreement. the prime minister scott morrison has denied lying about his intentions. sarah clark reports not from queensland. i will look here or 1st. it was the french president taking a swipe at his trailing prime minister, either his decision to suddenly scrap a $68000000000.00 contract to build nuclear submarines. now it's the french ambassador to australia lining up, but the next round of accusations that the seat was intentional. and because it was far more at stake than providing submarines the way it was ended was
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plainly as that in the back france had agreements to build conventionally powered submarines for strategy as navy. in september, the united states and great britain announced their own deal with a strata. that surprised announcement triggered an angry diplomatic exchange, the french ambassador in camber recourse to paris. now back in australia, he accused scott morrison of putting political interests, a head of astrology. diplomatic relationship says the leak of a private exchange with the french president represents anew load, sees an unprecedented new low in terms of our to proceed in those so in terms of truce and trust, you don't be a luxurious on personal exchanges. of leaders were life. diplomatic tensions one full display at this week's climate summit in glasgow. but
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scott morrison defended his actions. guiding the scrubbing his sums deal with france wasn't astride his national interests, not his own. i'm not going to cut fledging at a strider. i'm not going to call that on behalf of the strident i can do with whatever people throughout me, but astride it has a proud record when it comes to ad defense capability. that's why we were building these mobile building. i was this diplomatic stash has redefined the bilateral relationship between these 2 countries. france, his scope parsons behavior and the scrapping of his contract doesn't just effect this alliance, but has far reaching consequences for other countries considering future partnerships with a stronger france says it wants a concrete effort made by stronger efforts to get the relationship back on track. but neither side showing any sign of backing down that could take time for a clock out to 0. queensland, australia. now the taliban has said it will eradicate the cultivation of poppies in
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order to stop afghan, the stones drug trade. hoppy farming is rife across the country. a consequence of the past 2 decades, war and conflict. it is a lucrative business and a stephanie decker reports from cobble weaning afghanistan off. the plant may be a challenge on many fronts swaying gently in the wind, the pretty poppy plant is potentially fatal. afghanistan is one of the top produces of opium and heroine in the world. for many farmers here, it's the only way to make a living room for the recorder. cheer we grow poppy, so we can buy bread for the family to survive full. there's no government that's helped us or we don't have adequate water for our the crop started. so poppy becomes the only available option. poppy cultivation is boomed in the last 20 years . it's a hearty crop that needs little water. cheaper to grow and more reliable in terms of drought, which afghanistan has been plagued by the plant and the drugs that come from it are
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a multi $1000000.00 industry that has benefited many previous governments warlords . and the taliban. the group now says it will ban it a topic addressed in its 1st news conference taking power in august. the group spokesman said, be hulu. jarhead says they will bring opium cultivation to 0. the taliban managed to cut down cultivation significantly before they were ousted from power, but its sword, since. and despite most of the drugs being exported globally, it's having a devastating impact on society here. this rehabilitation center is the largest in afghanistan and it has voluntary patience. but many are also picked up from the streets by force. something the taliban has stepped up since coming to power. these men have just arrived and this is part of a process of where they get showered and have their haircut. no, we're told that the amount of drug users has sword across the country over the last 20 years. and according to the united nations, the amount of drug usage here is double the global average. dr. z here,
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so tiny says around 60 percent of patients go back to abusing drugs after the 45 day detox. it's an uphill struggle in a country devastated by conflict or more muscular pits are thought we have had problems of war for the last 40 years. there was no awareness of drug addiction, a literacy, legal refugees, and the problems of unemployment, mental health. these are all the reasons why people are so affected here by drugs as to why her voice is entrepreneur eradicating the poppy crop and supporting the countless farmers who survive. because of it is going to take a global effort. we're told it will need a pallet been commitment, it will need the original commitment for preventing the smuggling and mafia and also it will require international community or planning program. so support incentives are for the father madison, that many express doubt that poppy cultivation will be eradicated. they say it's
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simply to lucrative for the taliban. but no one dares to say it on camera. like with everything these days, it's still not clear in what direction the taliban will take this country with stephanie decker, al jazeera cobble. ok, let's go back to our top story, the conflict in ethiopia to gray region and be just released report from the united nations detailing human rights violations. the you and i commissioner for human rights michelle bachelor, joins us live now. here on the news are from geneva. michelle partially, you're talking about violations on all sides over what time period. yes, this is her from november when the conflicts thought it and until the 20th of june . well, this is the unethical ceasefire as well sir decided by the government and that's the period that the report covers. but on the other hand, we will be releasing just now and information. what happened after the 20th of june
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on allegations by, as well as the degree and forces and are continuing violations by the, at your pin. and every chan forces as well 20th of june. that's 4 and a half, 5 months ago. is it your sense from your researches who've been there, who've been talking to people involved in the conflict that those violations could, in theory still be ongoing even today? yes indeed, went to her not only the perception that also concrete allegations that their ongoing until today, unfortunately by both sides, even though whether we have to say that in the 1st period that the report covers, i will say the majority of the violations were committed by the air it, european defense forces and the air cham different sources and certain allies. and in from the 20th of june to now, we have seen abuses from the a t o p, and from the sorry, dr. t. taker and degree forces,
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but continuing as well by ration for the other forces. could i ask you michelle partially to react to the reaction from the t p. a lot of these seem to be saying on social media platforms just in the past couple of hours that your offices or your researches did not talk directly to them. no, i have to say we asked meetings with them and they did not give us because they said they would not accept the at european national commission. and that way they did not give us the meetings. we sent them. i think on britain we asked for meetings and they did not give us those meetings. you're also sitting in the report that there appears to be little, or actually no military justification for some of these alleged atrocities. how commonplace was that. i think it was a pretty common and that's why we think that many of the incidents and the violation
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that we have seen good amount for war crimes or war or crimes against humanity. and when you use the phrase, war crimes or crimes against humanity, when and how do you want to see the perpetrates was brought to justice? of course we wanted to see to see them in front to just as soon as possible. that's what we are calling all parties to do, you know, to festivals, to stop a hostility, some violence, to stop the violation of human rights and, and to also start with the process of accountability that to bring perpetrators to justice and to have them a counselor, we're calling all parties on that, and particularly of course, the government of the til piano elementary chair, because government needs to are the ones who has to be responsible to protect, promote and ensure human rights. but your conclusion also talks about a new independent mechanism. could it be that you are far too early in this
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process because this momentum is up and running, the momentum of conflict? it looks like it's going to get a lot worse before it gets even slightly better. yes, i mean, we don't see evidence of that. it gets better, take the conflict unfortunately, and there will mean that there will continue the suffering and grievances of people and properly also by elation of human rights by both by all parties. but on the other hand, we 2, they asked that the report of the prime minister abbey has said that they recognized that probably their troops did, did violate human rights, and that they will make them accountable. and that they will use their national institutions to do so. but if that doesn't happen, we will be considering that it's important and international mechanism is very difficult to know for sure how many people have been either internally displaced or have been displaced across some of those porous borders in this region. what's your
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message not just to ethiopia, eritrea, and also the to grow and rebel movement, but also the neighboring countries as well. when it comes to trying to take some of the temperature out of this conflict. what i think is really important and the international community can really commit to do as much as possible as they have been. try until now to try to bring peace to try to produce a situation where dialogue is possible to, to look what could be the incentive incentive for both sides of the old site. to be able to stop this terrible conflict and terrible and devastating impact. so, so many families and so many victims and be able to stop once for all the hostilities and, and, and bring peace. because what big things to want is to be able to leave again in a normal way to get back their livelihoods, their, what, everything they have lost. and of course, they want also to the,
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everybody to acknowledge their personal disability on this conflict. and that trust could come and they could have justice and reparation. michelle, virtually many thanks for joining us from the you and buildings in geneva. still to come here on the news are for you will always child brides will look good . what's causing an alarming rise and under age marriage plus the smallest he use the men in green march on action from the t 20 will coming up in about 15 minutes. ah, how i we got suddenly weight ins fading it across. so se parts of europe at the moment, so some warm sunshine coming through. that's the good news elsewhere, things like a little more unsettled. we have got
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a lot of cloud just coming into that western side of the mediterranean, other area of low pressure spinning in here. and that will feed some wetter and cooler weather up across italy and the balkans as we go on through.

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