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tv   [untitled]    November 3, 2021 12:00am-12:31am AST

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a with a new coming all of latin america for most of my career, but no country is alike and its my job to shed light on how and why. ah, this is al jazeera ah hello, i'm marianna massey. welcome to the news, our life from london coming up in the next 60 minutes on the eve of the 1st anniversary of the war, war integrity is european government declares a state of emergency major commitments up call. 26 wild leaders pledge to slash
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methane emissions and reverse deforestation. at least 19 people have been killed. thousands of wounded taliban is blaming iceland fighters for 2 explosions in cobble palestinian families fighting, forced eviction, reject a compromise from israel supreme court. and i'm sorry, higher to the latest full it's chelsea close in on the spot in the last 16 of the re for champions league, the radian champions, the sweetest 5. now my one know in that group h. march. ah hello. welcome to the news out. on the eve of the 1st anniversary of the start of the war, integra, the government has declared a state of emergency. the prime minister, i'd be a ahmed, has called on all your opinions to take up arms against the 2 grind fighters. they
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claim to have captured towns on the main highway leading the capital, addis ababa. that's been disputed by the government. the t p ls are demanding the central government and what they call it and what they call a siege that is blockading aid into the northern region. ranko good. now reports a new frontier and if he'll pay us war rebels in t go, i say the advancing further south towards the capital, addis ababa. the federal government has declared alisha white state of emergency. we are prime minister abi amad has asked all if your pins to mobilize and fight back against the rebels to see him. and i thought was no, there are many challenges, but i can tell you with certainty, and without a doubt we will score a comprehensive victory in just a few days. the rebels from the northern te gray state, say they have seized the talents of dc, uncommon culture,
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which are in the neighboring i'm her estate. the 2 are on a major highway leading to the capitol. the federal government has disputed those claims. we have to make sure that our children are not going from anger to services . we'll have to make sure that that has access to manage and access the buyout. so we'll do what it takes to make sure that the seat is broken. if flood is monitoring plotted the lot, it takes to break the thing we will do. united states has warned the t gray people celebration front all the t p a left against any such move. let me be clear, we oppose any 'til if moved to us, or any attempt by the t p l f to besiege out us down, concerns that violence could escalate. what did grand rebels joining forces with the oral more liberation army and arms group in the region surrounding the capitol? of this, there is a new marriage of convenience alliance between at least the fashion of the
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autumn when the grecian front and the alaska. because the abbey has managed to alienate the amo the, including some em harass. so he is really increasing the isolated and that he'd be allowed to use, trying to take advantage of that situation as well as the way and a sound lease like these were being the highest price for the shifting bat lines of if he'll be us war, that's dragged on for nearly a year, more than 2 and a half 1000000 people have been forced to leave their homes and around $400000.00 or under bring a family, bianca cooper of 0. well, the united nations has urged an immediate end to the violence to allow access for the delivery of life saving humanitarian a to northern to gray. we have been in touch with the officials in ethiopia,
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and the secretary general himself has spoken repeatedly with prime minister abbey ahmed, a to see what can be done to bring the violence to a halt. and, and also of course, to allow for the full skill return, urge of humanitarian assistance or to the places that need it, including the places like mckelly and a far let's take a closer look now at how ethiopia reached this point. 12 months ago, wednesday, prime minister abbe arm had ordered a military offensive against the tag ry people's liberation front. is that it was in response to attacks on government army bases. the t p. allah says it's been unfairly targeted. just weeks later, i'll be a tow parliament the military operation. integrity was over. but in june to grind fighters capture the regional capital mckelly. after months of fighting t p l. f entered the neighboring am horror and a far regions to the south. just days later, in october, the government launched
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a ground offensive to push out the rebels. the tpl i've says, in the past few days, it sees 2 towns on the a 2 road which connects mikella to guys regional capital to addis ababa. well, sir, til at turnville is a professor of peace in conflict studies at oslo new university college specializes in ethiopia and is also director of oslo. analytic a joins as by skype. and what do these recent territorial gains made by the t p l f need for the prime minister aviana, and his government is the t p l f winning the war world. there certainly have worn the last battle and take in the 2 strategic towns of this young comm. bolger means that they're kind of the last line of natural defense for the federal government where broken. so it is an easier path to cross to
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others. other bar by that to go, i defense forces and they're all more liberation army. but so far, you know, they're not there yet. but it is a significant victory. that at the t d. f. manage to capture these 2 strategic important tabs in response. if i minister has at call for people to mobilize against the t p, alas, will there be strong resistance against the t p l f in the olay? now, how much or how much hostility is there in the country towards the the t p l f. we receive mixed signals, i think in a lot of with your bins are seeing that the their prime minister of ultimate has been repeatedly telling full suit and lies to them. he has claimed that they have won the final decision. this decisive victory over and over again. but we have seen the opposite on the battlefields. so people have partly given up birth
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or other segments of the population and particularly from them hard, our ethnic group are still mobilizing to the board front. i think the last call for a talk to vor mobilization over there, to your been people given by the prime minister, will not be heeded to by the majority of the people. so does that mean that will be easy for the t p l f and their allies to take a capital if they wish to? i don't. i don't want to use the word easy because war is never easy. it will be a battle until they reach the gates of addis ababa. so to say, but yes, i think it is an inevitable now that the t d f and that we're lay will managed to take the city if they so wish. how could i want to ask you actually about the conflict in the south in around the air?
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and because the are now rebel group, there, they are only a liberation army or the olay is in conflict and has been for a while with prime minister abbey. and that they are now in a military alliance with the t p l f. so how, how could, how could that bit of the story, the around me, a conflict make violence worse? well, it makes it worse because the geographical space of the war to you do has radically increased over the last few months. and, and, well, a has been recruited thousands of new troops over the last few weeks and has made advances on, on the battlefield against the federal troops. and it is significant and political alliance. when will a and the t d f t p f managed to come to an agreement to join forces, so to take,
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so to say with a strategic will be active all the fighting, addis ababa and the ottoman regime, and will a re present the biggest ethnic group in that the, or bogged over 40000000 people coming from it's all ethnic base. so to say, an arthur's challenging his political legitimacy at the grassroots, of course, there is a blockade of to gray and that's causing a humanitarian crisis. people are dying of hunger, but at the same time we've heard international condemnation of the t p l. s. taking the conflict outside of those borders thousands of already been killed and, and millions displaced. how much more loss of life could that be? not just into grave elsewhere in the country. if the conflict continues to, to deepen an expand i think we have to be realistic and,
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and just see the challenge ahead. even though p d f and all a my take are, these are bar the war will not be older. the unrest and, and the resistance, particularly from the heart of political lead will continue. and we do also have added korea president decided to wake up north just waiting for the war to come on a train soil. so i think the u. n. and the u. s. should be more realistic in their approaches to the situation. just to say that we are concerned and call for negotiations over and over and over again. doesn't really help the situation on the ground. and we need to be much more realistic in the approach to the situation. and now i think that the national community really need to focus on stabilization intervention post. i'll be awesome and that's where the focus should be set tail
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turnville. thank you very much for sharing your analysis with us. you at the news ally from london was still ahead on the program. the livelihoods of millions are drawing off around late chad as decades of drought and climate change . we havoc fishing and troubled waters. the sea food industry fears. what's next on the menu, just by the french government backed down. i'm in support to the man who used to run wild football face criminal charges in switzerland. ah me. yes, president joe biden calls the game changing commitment pledged by more than 80 countries slash me faint emissions by 30 percent. by the end of the decades, the agreement was announced on day 3 of cop 26, just as before, world leaders, which used to leave glasgow. it's the 2nd of 2 major commitments. the other being
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a 100 countries agreed to reverse deforestation also by the end of the decade and diplomatic added james bay's reports. now from costco. this is one of the main causes of the climate crisis. humans have for centuries, raised the world's forests, which naturally protect the planet by absorbing carbon dioxide bots and agreement, a cup $26.00 if the words matched by action could be a breakthrough. more than a 100 nations have pledged to reverse deforestation by 2030 far 7 potential to reduce, reduce carbon globally by more than one 3rd by more than one 3rd. so we need to approach this issue with the same seriousness of purpose as de carbon eyes in our economies. fraud out the importance, but i, me another leader, the president of brazil, the country with half the planets tropical forests. jerbill sanara also supported
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the initiative in a video statement, even though act of his say, the destruction his sword during his term. in addition to the announcement on forest, another important development, a new initiative to cut methane levels, again signed by over a 100 countries. by the year 2030 methane doesn't stay in the atmosphere as long as carbon dioxide, but it's 80 times more potent in warming. the earth, despite some positive developments, there is still war, is about a lack of ambition from those gathered here. frankly speaking, there is no dignity to a slow and painful death. you might, as obama islands, instead of making us suffer only to witness our slow and fateful demise. leaders of the g. 20. we are drowning. and our only hope is the life ring you are holding. that theme of the western nations not doing enough was again reflected when representatives from more than 20 african countries called for more support for the
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continent. the un secretary general antonio good terrace, has warned. the divisions between the developed and developing world could completely derail this vital summit. james bay's al jazeera glasgow. well, it's hoped that revising deforestation can play a significant role in combat in climate change. if nations follow through on that promises trees are the best form of carbon capture, we have absorb carbon dioxide and turn it into wood through the process of photosynthesis or releasing oxygen into the air. trees absorb about a 3rd of the walls, c o 2 each year, about $2600000000.00 tons and a quarter of the walls population relies on force to make an income every minute. and now for us to cover nearly 20 hector's, our cut down bond activities monitored by satellites. these pictures show parts of the amazon rain forest in brazil,
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one of the countries it's pledged to en deforestation by 2030. most of this activity is driven by production of palm oil beef, soi timber, and paper products. one of the telltale signs of deforestation in the amazon is the fish bone. a pattern that emerges along roads as long as ranches and other settlers pushed deeper into forests. this satellite imagery is from the nor than paris, stay in brazil, taken over the course of 20 years and that fish bone pattened there has emerged from the towns along the trans amazonian highway. well, our environment added to nick clark is in glasgow and he spoke to chief coil, one of the what be china, people of southern gown. and he's called for assurances. the cop 26 funding will reach indigenous people. if it does come to me to us directly, definitely can help us with what is the process, what this system that is going to be used to make sure that this money comes down
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to the indigenous people directly. which can help us in making sure that the work they're very properly managed. of course we going to need the finances to make this happen. so since 1994, the now we have started are the governments, the international community of started making commitments. and at the same time making a commitment, we started to dig ourselves a whole. today, we are deeper into the whole because of the systems that have been put in place in terms of legal recognition for indigenous rates on the system of hold the money floors, though. so if more in this less feet 2 re pomeranz a senior fellow at the wood, well climate research center he is in his 5th decade of working on climate change. the late 1970 the up launch issue of climate change in the united states with senate hearings, giving it international coverage at joins us now from west virginia. thank you for taking the time to speak to us. can i ask for your bill, thoughts your assessment on cop 26 so far with the they've been pledges and
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promises but to what do you make of what do you make of today? these commitments on methane and deforestation? i think is step for progress, specific declarations on key issues of methane and deforestation. those are important ingredients to a planetary warming. of course, the game is in the implementation of those pleasures. but it's a reflection, i think, of increased urgency around the issue, which was really important. is urgency enough? are we likely to see something more tangible from that? you know, the timelines that we're talking about are years if not decades ahead of us? are we likely to see this followed up by action? our apologies that it will and try and get back to rave. pomerantz
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a little bit later. he's just sharing his thoughts there with us on the cop 26 climate summit in glasgow. some very important, as very important pledges made to day around smashing at methane levels and also reversing deforestation better has also been disappointment and criticism from environmentalists and crime activists who say that this doesn't go far enough more on up a bit later on in the program but we also wanna take look at people living around lake char, to a facing the west environmental humanitarian crisis. in generations, lake was once the 6th largest in the world's finding about 25000 square kilometers in the 19 sixty's. for centuries, the nearby communities have depended on the lake a source of livelihood for approximately 30000000 people, climate change, prolong, drought, and the development of irrigation systems of seen the light drastically reduce in size over the past couple of decades shrunk, 90 percent in about 60 years with 11000000 people nearby in need of humanitarian
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assistance and more are in danger of losing their livelihoods. and his amit address reports, rising poverty is pushing young people to join armed groups. once a busy navigation journal for life fishing vessels, this portion of the lake chart is noah crossing point for cattle. the gates of poor water usage, celts, droughts on the impact of climate change continue to alter but for use of the lake and with it the lives of millions will depend on that. this family is forced to my great because of drought. not far from here. we met the fisherman, pulling him his sketch of the day. he says it's the most he got through the week. a few my curls. not enough to feed his family, the lad hood pleased to catch a lot of fish in pastures with little effort. but it's so much more difficult now
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i'm lucky to have even caught this much. he says fishermen like him must learn other skills to survive the hard times. the lecture is shared by cameron chad niger and niger area countries, dealing with the 12 year old boy cor. i'm insurgency that has killed thousands and displeased millions. x was say, the conflict is fueled in part by the effect of climate change electrodes. one of the world's biggest lakes, but over 50 years it's changed dramatically. what was once a 25000 kilometer body of water is now estimated at scattered islands like this and pools just containing 1000 square kilometers. and that is left 25000000 people shot of food and jobs, and exposed to conflicts. 30 kilometers away from what is now the new shores of the lake. as this has an hava sorghum, after 5 months of labor and a $4000.00 investment, difficulties load good quality. now the quality,
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it's not good quality about 40 hector's, that's the only thing we got this year for 40 hecht is not enough because we've got problems with the rain and he says he will be lucky to get full bikes this year. which amounts to $3800.00 loss on his investment. a few decades ago, what he now calls a farm was deep inside the league, john, 4 generations. this a healy and away says sir, supported millions of families, live stock and profitable trade among nations. governments in the region are struggling to address the fears and concerns of millions. for now watch helplessly as their means of livelihoods dry up. the dual at the love, just as industrialized countries agreed to support developing countries. chad, through its public treasury will also fund projects to mitigate the impact of climate change on its people. little comfort to those who lost so much back at as
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ease has since prom, his walkers continue to process the c. s. harvest. but at the back of their minds, they're conscious of the reality. but they, like millions in the region may not get to keep their jobs next year. i'm it, greece, al jazeera, on the shores of the lake chart. oh, we can go back to getting some analysis on the elements and the cop 26 climate summit in glasgow. an array pomerantz senior fellow at the wood, well climber search santa is it packed with us at thank you for bearing with us. now hope we have a better connection to you and there was a focus on deforestation today. i mean, this is crucial in the battle against climate change, isn't it? we were just looking at this satellite image as a fish bone passing, while long as if pushed deeper into the amazon rain forest. that the pledge to day is it enough to reverse years of, of damage and destruction to the wells rainforest. i'd say it's a, it's a good beginning, and it requires
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a serious commitment on the ground and the best possible policies to induce people to change behavior. so you begin with the declaration and then i implement the policies to change course. i think i think the urgency, the climate issue has grown so much in the last 3 or 4 years, it'll be easier politically to make those policy shifts. and but the, the shifts themselves like going far enough quickly enough. i appreciate what you say about that being pops up great in the meant and because of media coverage and, and climate activism around around the sort of summits. but does it feel that it is the, is the politics and, and sort of those short time cycles falling behind the, the reality of warming pine and the consequences that brains well, i think the warming planet drives urgency. that's what's happened. the question is, can humanity get to a scale of effort that stops the warming up at temperatures that are
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tolerable, were already warmed the planet by more than a degrees centigrade run. course to do another degree, at least in the short. busy run those 2 degrees can be devastating and so it requires, this is the largest effort humanities faced on an organized basis to change course . and it's open question whether we get there. this cop has made a big difference because it has drawn the attention of the world in a major way more so probably than any other com. but today i was present at cop one and i can tell you, the difference is enormous. are you disappointed with china's performance? well, i am disappointed that hadn't stated appeared personally. i believe. i think their commitment hasn't grown significantly. i think the pressure will bill on the
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chinese they are vulnerable, the climate change in many regions and have to change course. they've got the same problem as many others, in fact worse. and so they are, they're gonna have to come around in a bigger way. but one thing that has to happen is that the cost of substitute technology become cheaper solar, wind, carbon capture and storage. we're moving in the right direction, the cost of the substitute technology is to coal. oil and natural gas has dropped. that allows the system to move much quicker when we get there in time. that's the test. and. and so how do you scale up that sort of technology then to, to speed up the process? is it about incentives from the government? is it, is it about investment from businesses or day? consumers need to change that their habits and make different options? yeah, well consumers have to purchase the right technology to carry out,
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you know, various activities like heating your house or providing electricity. but businesses are huge in this. they have to change course. governments have to provide the right incentives through tax policy, whether tax credits or taxes themselves, carbon taxes. it's a societal issue to get all the pieces in place. and the good thing has, there's been a lot of progress on lowering the costs. the substitute technologies which lowers the cost of making this transition, which i say is the largest transition ever required of governments div fan. what will happen if call 26 fail of course, but i don't think it will. i think they will settle the issues. the big one now is finance. there's been a lot of progress on that. there's been an enormous amount of progress on these
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commitments over the last 23 years of net 0 emissions. and there will be a process put in place to bring it to a head all over again in a year or 2. and so i, of course, i fear, but i don't expect it. as a former us negotiator. i would, i would think that governments will come to an agreement when you saying that they're not going to reach an agreement at this conference to, to ensure that the while remains within one and a half degrees. i know they'll do the best they can do at the moment, but one and a half degrees is a real long shot. if you look at how much warming there's already been, how much warming in the bank based on future emissions, one and a half degrees is a, a long, long shot. and that may become clearer. thank you. my comments and thank you for bearing with us. appreciate it. thank you,
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watching and he's our life from london still had i'm john henderson in port a place where fuel is stairs and the gangs are hijacking trucks. in school, one of ice hockey's top officials is under pressure how he handled a sexual assault case more than 10 years ago. ah. hello there, there's a bit of an east west divide when it comes to temperatures across europe. at the moment. we've got warm conditions being felt across eastern europe, stretching up into scandinavia, where the temperature is sitting above average. but in the west it is feeling cooler. we've got a northerly wind blowing down and that's bringing temperatures down with it. but there's plenty of wet and windy weather to be found. we've got this band of rain
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pushing up across the baltic states moving in to sweden, bringing rain to ukraine, as well as belarus and western parts of russia. now further south across those central areas, it is looking lot finer a lot dryer, but it's the south of europe. that's once again, being batted by the wet and windy weather. fast low pressure. we've got heavy rain moving into france, snows, switzerland, and severe storms. once again, across italy, around those central areas as well as in the northwest. by the time we get into thursday, it's gonna be croatia and bosnia and herzegovina that see some of those torrential downpours. and we could see some flooding from that, whether that is working its way further east, across the balcony. it's not any here that we are seeing the heavy rain northern areas of germany getting a real drenching. it's going to be a wet. we can't in berlin at 7 degrees ah, pro democracy i.

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