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tv   [untitled]    October 29, 2021 3:00pm-3:31pm AST

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support to like hello the you and climate summit on al jazeera. mm. you want to help save the world? sneeze into your own. ah, this is all 0, i'm dirty and obligated with a check on your roll headlines. he was president jo vine and it is meeting with the head of the roman catholic church at the vatican. the meeting comes ahead of the started the g. 20 summit in rome or white house correspondent, kimberly hallett has more on what's likely to be discussed during the meeting. we know that migration is important, that will be discussed, income inequality. but one of the issues that they'll really focus on were both of these leaders are very concerned is the issue of climate change. this is something that the biden administration and joe biden himself have identified as an
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existential threat. they see global economic recovery linked to addressing climate change. this is something that pope francis for his part has also identified as a problem that is hurting the least of these around the world, specifically the working class and those that have been marginalized. so there is a feeling among both of these men that there's a shared responsibility, particularly among the wealthy, around the world to see that this is addressed in order to help those that are suffering so disproportionately from climate change. so we know that that's a major focus of the meeting. in addition to this meeting with joe biden, he will also be meeting with the italian prime minister, the italian president, and then later on with french president emmanuel macro, where there is a little bit of damage control to be done as they try to repair a rift over a disagreement on security, pop oil and gas executives have denied misleading the public about climate change. the seals of major oil companies appeared before the u. s. congress. it's the 1st
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time they've testified under oath on the subject, francais, it has ordered the captain. if a british fishing vessel seized earlier in the week to appear in court next year, already say the troll, or was fishing illegally and french territorial waters haul, brennan has more on the case. reaction seems to be a huge amount of surprise expressed by british ministers and government sources. today. the situation that has developed over this, that said, has been growing tension over fishing, writes, particularly around those channel island. water's very, very close to the french coast than they have been traditionally fished by french fishermen. formula well hung for centuries. the fact is though, that the british say that under the new trade and cooperation agreement that was signed as part of the breakfast deal, the fisherman who wants to fish those waters need to show that they have traditionally fish those waters. and many of the french boats that have been applying for permits to do so have not been able to show gps track records if you
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like, to show that they have been in those waters prerequisite. and that's why that parents are being knocked back. the french accused the british of bad faith, the british and says, no, no, no, this is not, this is purely down to the lecture of the law. and the french are so angry that they've been threatened retaliation us president joe biden is struggling to finalize a pair of spending bills. he doesn't yet appear to have the full support of his democratic party for his $1.00 trillion dollars spending program. a group of politician says it won't vote on the infrastructure bill without voting on a separate $1.00 trillion dollar bill biden had made a rare trip to the capital to urge congress to back his spending package. the european commission has reportedly suspended funding to the world health organizations operations in the democratic republic of congo. thoughts after an independent inquiry found more than $88.00 workers,
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some of whom who worked for the w. h o. sexually exploited an abused women during the response to the able outbreak. a landmark sexual harassment case has made it to court into nicea, and m. p. head mcclure is accused of performing a sexual acts in his cars outside high school in 2019. he avoided prosecution at the time because a parliamentary immunity, the case held galvanize to new jersey as me. 2 movements strong winds have left more than 450000 homes in the australian state of victoria without power. the winds brought down power lines, retreat from the ground on damage. houses trained services were suspended in melbourne, and several vaccination centers were closed. wind gusts, in some areas where the strongest recorded in more than a decades. those are the headlines up next. the campaign against the climate the news. ready
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you want to talk to me rec, we're doing a commentary about climate change. well, this is simple science look up, the higher c o 2 levels are leading to the greening of the earth. and so i don't, you know, do you think that's a bad thing? so so. ready most you to and deadlock, fear is a good thing. yes, i think so. absolutely. with imagine a world where you can't trust science. let me tell you about a group of men who've tried to convince you of just that
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a group who wants you to doubt climate change? ah, this is the story about how these men were promoted by the world's largest oil companies. ah, the story of a campaign that has impacted our world forever. oh, this is a scientist from nasa who's come to the american senate with a message to the world. which you here in a moment. while you hear it, try to guess what year it's from. dr. hanson, if you start us off, would appreciate it. okay,
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thank you for the opportunity to present the results of my research on the greenhouse effect. the global warming is now large enough that we can ascribe with a high degree of confidence, a cause and effect relationship to the greenhouse effect. ok, this is from 1988. that was when a phone look like this. the internet looked like this. and it was when the world realised that climate change had to be taken seriously. that's what florida's called the greenhouse effect of a long rod at good mean devastating changes to all life alter. it's largely a problem of our own making. we're running out of time to bind a solution. scientists predict arise in temperatures, they will eventually melt. the polar ice caps, forest fires in the west. food riots as the sahara desert spreads. the land of if has been prevented code if it didn't exist. entity who defeats in 1988 the u. n.
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established the climate change organization i. p. c. c. where scientists from the whole world agreed with james henson with and welk lead as listened. those who think were powerless to do anything about this greenhouse effect, or forgetting about the white house. and then the evidence is that the damage is being done. we can't just do nothing. this is more than 30 years ago. only the world was ready to act on global with, but something happened when the dublin to the seo to counter to the atmosphere will produce a tremendous greening of planetary in the years following james hanson's speech,
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critics appear on tv. the theoretical speculations about future warming a have no good scientific basis. we would like critics who question climate change the average weight of this global warming thing? it sounds like a scam. well, i think you're seeing it now. we told you this was, this is one of them. i spent most of my time in newspapers and magazines, and on t v and radio to argue against climate action against panic, the economy would actually improve if we have a doubling of background, greenhouse gas. how can it improve? well, because we might have a longer growing season. i'm fairly glib, i'm fast on my feet. cool on tv, and i also do my homework. in the years after james henson's speech, jerry taylor was hired by the think tank kato,
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my name is jerry taylor. i'm the director of natural resource studies here at the cato institute, kato hired people like me, primarily to change public opinion. and that's what i did. there may be some extreme events that occur down the road and we don't know what the chances for that might be. the climate skepticism is entirely dependent upon the promotion of doubt about the underlying science. james hanson at nasa thinks it's maybe 710121520 percent. other scientists think there's probably more like 0.3 percent denial about the underlying sciences. the critical is the critical juncture that event while taylor takes a sip of water meat mock moran of what i'm going to like. yes, i'm going to be looking at. you can be sitting there just be there. so i be like, my job essentially is covering the global warming movement and communicating to the public, the latest findings. if you look at the, the satellite data we're,
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we actually had no significant warming since $998.00. actually no warming, we've been cooling and recent years. you had a background as a salesman, can just have a. well, that was really, i was adored. i worked at the door to door salesman, which is a actually a great background to build narratives and the neat now, when you only have 1520 seconds, you gotta work on your sound bites and you've got to work on your, you know, you're building a narrative to a customer i, that was a great training ground for being and media and communication. marana is communications director for committee for constructive tomorrow, or c fact an organization whose focus is on communicating that climate change isn't that big problem? so how does it do that time? i believe that the television and the basic you have to make the other person defend their stupid idiotic comments. bill nye say global warming will cause many
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bad weather events. and guess what? bad weather. 2 events happen all the time and then also going with rapid fire facts . bottom line, we've done the longest period without a major u. s. category 3 or larger hurricane hitting the us since at least 1900, maybe the civil war. bottom line, new study in the journal nature, peer reviewed, no change in you. i believe in what bill nye just did was waste everyone's time explaining that c o 2 is rising. i believe you should get some crush. you're a wait, wait a minute. are you a scientist? i'm not a scientist, but i do play when on tv. occasionally. the people don't take positions because they find themselves reasoned into those positions. they take positions that they want to take for emotional or india, logical reason. and then they mobilize their reasoning power to justify taking the positions they want to take. we can only make and this is jerry taylor's recipe for doing just that. today's
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a lot of people who don't know what to think about climate change or being told by people like me, there's a relative non event. it's the same sort of wolf crime that the environmental movement is done from time immemorial. first, we were told there was a population bond that was going to wipe out humanity and that bomb never went off than we were told. we're going to run out of fossil fuels and agricultural commodities. we're all going to start that never happened. and this is just the latest iteration of the usual story from environmentalists that if we continue to go down laws, a fair capitalist roads, we're going to blow up the planet and destroy mankind. ah, there's something in the pictures you can't see. it's essential to live. and breathe it out, breathe it in. oh c o 2. now some politicians want to label carbon dioxide a pollutant. imagine if they succeed,
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they call it pollution. we call it life. this tv commercial is from the think tank competitive enterprise institute, and so is myron evil. it's clear that the earth, his granny and so i don't, you know, do you think that's a bad thing? competitive enterprise institute is a conservative american think tank and myron eagle headsets department on energy climate and environment, iron able beliefs. the climate debate started like this. global warming as a political project was initiated in sweden, in the early 19 eighties. they needed a recent, essentially to increase tax revenue. i mean, remember, i think you're aware of this and in denmark that the welfare state needs a lot of money and it needs more and more money as it goes on.
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ah, all that climate, skeptical pundits, you've just met, work for interest organizations and think tanks. think tanks are like the arsenals for the war of ideas. there are the places where ideas are than weaponized and public policy terms. and then they are vigorously argued and promoted on capital hill, and on t v radio. and so kato was extremely influential because it was one of the largest of right of center thing tanks of the united states still is i had a lot of visibility because again, invested in communication. so taylor is spreading climate skepticism from one of the most influential think tanks in the usa. jerry taylor tells us that his arguments build on calculations from research a patrick michael's also employed by kato, any one who goes around and says that carbon dioxide is responsible for most of the
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warming of the 20th century, hasn't looked at the basic numbers, the climate, skeptical pundits get their arguments from a group of climate, skeptical scientists, physicists and climate scientists, fred singer, is behind the organization, science and environmental policy project, s e p, p. s e p. p is behind the so called leipzig declaration, where some 100 scientist raised doubts about global warming, some 100 a. so climate scientists actually signed it appealed, put their names down and warned about taking hasty steps against global warming. and global warming was still an a. they phantom problem the global warming was no mark. oh, so on one side we have james hanson and
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a lot of un scientists. and then we have a number of scientists and pundits who say the exact opposite with ours, that possible bio me arrest kiss. harvard professor decided to investigate just that. so in the early 2, thousands, the american media were presenting climate change is a big scientific debate. and that struck me as weird because none of the scientists that i knew thought it was a debate. so i decided to undertake an analysis of the peer reviewed scientific literature. the i p. c. c. had already stated that most of the observe warming was likely to be due to the increase in greenhouse gas concentrations. so i posed the question, how many papers published in peer reviewed scientific literature?
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this agree with that statement? i'm to answer that question. naomi arrest his looks up, research papers for global climate change. the words appear in 937 scientific papers to arrest his reads them all. and what i found was none. there was no dissenting public published dietary period literature on the basic question of whether not man me climate change was happening . and i'm a professional historian of science, so i thought, well, if i don't know this, then probably a lot of other people don't know it too. and so i wrote a small paper in 2004 called the scientific consensus on climate change. that paper changed my life because immediately the paper was published i started getting hate mail, threatening phone calls, people filing complaints against me to my university. people accusing me of being a communist stalinist. but rescues comes under huge criticism and she doesn't
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understand why until she's at a conference in germany shortly after over beer after the sessions. one day i was just chatting with some colleagues. i mentioned how this very strange thing had happened to me. and one of the people there was eric conway, i mentioned the name of one of the people who was attacking me, and eric said, when they only, you know as the same person who attacked shari roland over the ozone hall. and he told me this amazing story that i knew nothing about at the time that the scientists who had worked on the ozone hole had been the target of attacks in which people had claimed that there was no ozone hold that the science was wrong. that the scientists were fraudulent, that the scientists were communists. all the things that i was being accused of these great nobel prize winning scientists had also been accused of. and so eric
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said to me, yeah, when we get back to mark, i'll send you. i'll send you an envelope with a bunch of stuff. so he sent me this package arrives a few days later and i take out these papers that he sent me and it was like you could take out the word on hole and put in climate change and you could take out the word roland and put an roskus, and otherwise it was identical. ah, with on a spring day in 1998, a group of men mates at the oil industry organization, american petroleum institute, with a number of oil companies are represented. companies like exxon, let's say exxon c,
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e. o. at the time, explain who they are. we are the largest private company in the world. our company sells a 1000000 barrels a day of product. that's a 1000000000 gallons every 3 dates. back to the american petroleum institute, a p, i where some of the biggest players in the oil industry meeting. one of the participants is myron able, they solicited advice because we had certain kinds of expertise that they didn't have a, it was an industry effort with some help from people like me. in documents from this meeting, you can see a clear purpose. victory will be achieved when average citizens understand uncertainties in climate science. and when these uncertainties become part of conventional wisdom, according to the documents big oil, once the public to doubt the science behind climate change in. and it wasn't
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scientists who invited to the meeting. i'm not an energy analyst expert and i'm not a climate expert i. i have a certain amount of experience in translating a policy into into action. and i suppose that was what they are interested in. be at the meeting strategies worked out. that paper was lay to leaked and it shows how the oil industry plans to spread doubts about science. ah, i strategy paper describes a national media relations program, which in a different ways will influence the media by recruiting and training scientists. it also explains that they will try to influence journalists. this one john stossel is even mentioned in the paper titled as program chill out,
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because after i researched the global warming scare, that was my conclusion. we ought to just jill out. mm. the paper from the meeting shows the mind set of the world's largest oil companies. despite the fact that the un, several world leaders and most scientists clearly point in another direction. the oil industry wants to raise doubts about the science behind climate change. me the strategy paper explains how schools ought to be influenced by an initiative called national direct outreach and education. ah, many universities like harvard regularly receive funding from private companies.
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this is a perfectly legal, common practice many prestigious universities. jeffrey superman is a ph. d. student will join him at a film, screening in 2017 harvard kennedy center announced a screening of a film time during normal. essentially, it's hell. it tells you about how for the foreseeable future, we're going to be relying on fossil fuels, how renewables are way off in the distance. not right now, not really reliable. and frankly promoting hoss truth at best about the never it's ability of continued fossil fuel usage grange them with that or right. well, with your a susan's, if you has been permit your husband, surely this is a reason we're film until we dug just a little bit beneath the surface the academic talking heads,
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the ones that were presented as professors universities, without exception actually will have deep ties to the oil and gas industry from consultancy relationships to running senses, reliance on fossil fuel funding, to literally being on the boards of natural gas companies. on the producer of the film was showing company the director of the film. here he was a, a v p of and own gas company that's taken $300000.00 from shell oil company. and so you see a pattern emerging hit episodes like the film screening prompted jeffrey superman to write a ph. d with naomi a rescues as his supervisor about the connections between the oil industry and academia. let's see what he found out. have at receives massive funding from several oil companies. stanford's energy department also gets millions from the oil
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industry. the university denies that sponsors control it's research and on its website the university emphasizes its academic independence. but a few lines later it's described who really decides what research to fund. final decision about funding is made by the management committee, which includes one person from each of the sponsors and the main sponsor. who has a say in what research is funded, is exxon mobil berkeley birthplace of the 1968 student uprising as an energy research center in which the oil company be p as invested millions. according to jeffrey super and b. p has a say in what will be researched. exxonmobil says it funds universities to promote green technologies. and shell tells us it wants to help solve the serious climate challenge. why is this a problem?
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i mean, if they use their money for doing some research for good, what was the problem when the very people, the very institutions, the supposed to be solving the climate crisis, a fundamentally reliant on the industry that has the most to lose from their work. that's a pretty big conflict of interest. jeffrey supra thinks that the many millions are intended to influence students, teachers, and scientists. this strategy come straight out of the playbook. the a p i. strategy paper also states informing teachers and students about uncertainties and climate change will erect a barrier against efforts to impose kyoto like measures a measure put in place to limit the emissions of c o 2. and that's why in the medical research community, there are a stablished practices. there are a stablish rules by which one must disclose these kinds of conflicts of interest. many universities used to receive millions from the tobacco industry, but in 2131 universities including harvard,
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decided not to let tobacco companies sponsor health research. we have nothing like that in energy and climate. ah, flanagan is approaching a tipping point in the lead up to the cop 26 climate summits. al jazeera showcases programs dedicated to one veiling the realities, but the climate emergency witnesses green films documenting the human experience on the frontline planet. at the wet reports from greenland on how the rapid rate of melting ice is having a profound effect on the population,
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people empower us why politicians have been so unaffected in fighting climate change. phone lines investigate horizon temperatures, appealing a war to war in the u. s. l just, they were well shows how a community in senegal is dependent on the preservation of the natural resources. the screen takes the fight, the climate justice to our digital community, and up front. it's hard, demanding environmental accountability, the climate emergency, a season of special coverage on al jazeera, europe's oldest muslim, undertakers working here is 7 days a week job that's growing with a community. my father purchased a black and blue sky and started to do the funeral. she london and the family we saw a stop bring father and daughter and began is, is partners. the stories we don't often hear told by the people who love them. jeff is such a level of life. so east and undertakers. this is europe on all to 0. i
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of latin america for most of my career, but no country is alike and it's my job to shed light on how and why me this is all just here. i'm getting obligated with a check on your world headlines. us president joe biden has spent around an hour and a half meeting with the head of the roman catholic church of the vatican. the meeting comes ahead of the started the g. 20 summit in rome this weekend. our white house correspondent, kimberly how can, has this update from the vatican? both of these leaders are very concerned is the issue of climate change. this is something that the 5 ministration and joe biden himself have identified as an existential threat. they see global economic recovery linked to addressing climate change and this is something that po.

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