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tv   [untitled]    October 23, 2021 2:30pm-3:01pm AST

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take a look at the story. a rare and giant owl there is, has been photographed in the wilds for the 1st time, and a 150 years. a team from london, imperial college spotted that out. the shelby's eagle out in a rain forest in gonna be all was 1st identified as a species in 1872 by british to ologist. there have been no confirmed sightings since then. ah, a check of the headlines on al jazeera. the un says that fear is conflict in me and mars escalating off the reports, the military gentle sending tens of thousands of troops to the rest of north and northwest italy's former interior minister mateus l feeney is on trial for his role and walking a migrant rescue ship in 2019. he's accused of kidnapping and abuse of authority. the far right politician prevented 2 vessels from docking for days. adam brainy has
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more from room prosecutors in their company. civil plaintiffs have submitted a list of more than 2 dozen witnesses to testify and found their pretty high profile, ranging from the former prime minister who served above the need. that's prime minister for prime minister can say. and even on that list is actor richard year because he volunteered for a period on one of these ships and he's seen as a possible witness. we also expect to see materials having himself appearing, although he's not currently the interior minister. he's still a very high profile politician in italy. he's a member of mario that argues government. hindu activist and bangladesh had been rallying in the capital dr. gains outbreaks of violence. at least 6 people were killed at a hindu festival. earlier this month, follow claims. the muslim voted books the koran was disrespected in a temple. they've also called for a hunger strike. it's been revealed to us detained. more than 1700000 undocumented
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migrants on refugees on its border with mexico in the past year. and it's the highest number ever recorded. 147000 of them were children. in pakistan, members of a band political group marching through his line a bad one day after deadly violence of protesting the horror. 3 police officers were killed when they were run over during costs as members of the headache and a big pakistan known as c l. p, or demanding the release of their leader, thought husband, profane recipe. he was arrested earlier this year accused of inciting violence. us wants to know why israel has designated 6 palestinian civil society groups as quote, terrorist organizations. israel targeted palestinian and joseph half and a dumb year as well as a research center. those are the headlines on al jazeera planet, s o. s is coming up next bye bye. ah
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ah, ah, ah! never before in human history has the once pristine environment of the arctic beating such peril on the clock. and we're here in greenland to discover what those epic changes mean, not just a here, but to the rest of the well. with cop 26, the you and climate summit just weeks away. we visits a remote community struggling with the challenges of a warming climate. we'll find out how nuclear waste from a 19 fifties u. s. military base is in danger of being exposed by the retreating ice cup and
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explore the debates of agreements rich results of rare, rough metals that a critical for cobb and mutual future timing change in. and a little more conversation about climate change plays the masses. scientists who's got a novel approach to getting his message across the door. mm . we're here on the wild. busy remote east coast of greenland. to me, this is nature at his most imposing. we've nosed all way up the yet hon peterson field is one of thousands of fields and inlets that stretch way beyond the arctic circle. and that is the greenland ice cap. and we're here because the arctic is changing and this year is changing faster than ever. events never seen before, made headlines across the world. the ice cap melted at a record rate, the water it created in 24 hours enough to entirely cover an area. the size of
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florida in 5 centimeters of water. great chunks of the she collapsed and drifted off into the open ocean. and it's been so warm, there's been rain, not snow on the summit for the 1st time on record. but what does it mean and why does it matter? what is, what happens on the ice sheet has global implications, where the ice capital part of the plan is natural system and that system has been breaking down. we use this iceberg as a kind of canvas and put a map of europe on top of it. and then super imposed greenland, you can see what a colossal land mass it is. and then if we put the ice cap on top of that, well as the vast, it's more than a 1000 kilometers from east to west and moving to 1000 kilometers from north to south. it is colossal and it is retreating in the amount of water that pulls off this ice cap every summer is responsible for more than 25 percent global sea level
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rise over the last few decades. and it's also responsible for impacting crucial ocean currents. we all take is moving twice as fast as the rest of the world, and that's having a profound effect to the local level. well, communities that live along the edge of the ice cap, the village of coolness hook is remotes wild and still in touch with the old ways. ah, just 200 people live here. even so it's one of the larger communities on the thinly populated, east coast of greenland. sled dogs is out the end of summer iga for the winter snows. humpbacks below is one of the wales species at feast in these rich seas. it to a degree life still depends on the yield of the arctic waters, as it has done for thousands of years, eustace, or to work, still hunts and fishes for a living. i have a 6 hooks. we butch was off and returned with kitch 6.
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the fish 6 hook, 6 fish in return, but things are changing on multiple fronts. after millennia of subsistence living benefits are in the middle of a social and cultural transformation as greenland seeks its place in the wide world . and it's happening at precisely the moment climate change is appending the environment. these anti houses tell a story of a population that's pretty much haft in 20 years or so. and those that have gone have it moved to the nearest town of chassis i care on the east coast or even further afield to the capital nook on the other side of greenland. and for those that remain while they live in this warming world of ours, and it's a world that the ancestors which scarcity recognize mountain guide, matt spencer has lived among the annuity connoisseur for 20 years. working with tourists, you've come for the adventure of the wild. he's seen 1st hand how fast things have
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changed. i think the curse see that the year and the risen the seasons is so important to the people here. in the sense that the ice columns in, in early winter breaks and in early, early, june, usually. and then that's tied in with all the animals arriving near the fish and sales in the whales. when the lowest patterns become kind of messed up and on i sent you that that is the case for people which don't recognize the name of. and yet i think a realtor which is huge challenge for people's way of life. everything is on an epic scale here with 30 meters under the classier. this is driven. oh i thought i would fight by mail water in the spring. in this gives you a perspective of the enormity of what's going on in the arctic a replicated under the whole glass. yeah, absolutely. say anywhere the males is going on and that's
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a fairly person this summer because that's obviously all south. and even from the summit of the i separate over 3000 meters that, that mil, happening in that water has to go somewhere across greenland. it's the same story, the cultural and the natural environments being radically reshaped. changing ways that have been sculpted in the frozen north, over thousands of years. here in the outtake, the old and the new anal side by side. the future for both in these changing times is hard to discern what is certain, is the wonder and the power of the natural world. and the real and present danger created by upsetting its balance. the know the lies, of course, very much part of the spiritual connection the in you have with the environment and with that environment, continually changing. well, it's a hard transition to make. we spoke to bent ableton who's 58 years old. he's the
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former mayor of classic and comes from a long line of hunters stretching back hundreds of years. deep in an ice short, the majesty all around belies of frightening truth, bent ableton. this is an uncomfortable reality. before i hear from news shooting and warming, i don't believe him, but no, i she, i sheets quick tick through these icebergs of call from glass is it are receding fast, and the sea ice in winter is thinner and lost for less time. which means the in you it caught use that dog sled across a few odds like they used to now far the shortage open and in winter in winter. before we can go doctor to dish enough. no, move it changing a share for me. i think it's quick. it's too quick. it warm, know?
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ah, the in you, it's have a visceral connection with the land and that connection lives through their sled dogs. but sled dogs need ice in winter and the ice is diminishing it chair. so i can not think of going to it what connection with beach krishi to i can actually go to hunting. my french thought and mother and generations yak, polish talk. irish talk and hunching with talk, but in for me it will be a shed for each quillen to pupil. what we do in winter. what can we do in the income for bent the fear is that community will continue to disperse. now many is staving because he can she shante, he can feel something, it's go down, my son shun,
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or they do maybe the more food thing mom to move to europe. i know if i go away, no more sheer, no more animals. so if i leave, you can dish. if i moved in because we ordered gunnery to hear lucy and we are on our way to see something that really demonstrates greenland lowenstein, the strategic importance during the cold war, the u. s. a dozens of military bases right across the country. and in places they now presented highly toxic threats. as the ice cap melts, we had it for acre tech. hidden away up a fjord on the east coast had made the wonder of the arctic. was hard to know what
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to expect when we finally made landfill, what we found was george dropping a vast, rusting dump that has been left to slowly decay for 7 decades. ready ready during the cold war, american command as ordered that military bases should be built across greenland. in fact, more than 50 were built. now any one remains in the rest. like this one were simply abandoned. amongst it all, more than 200000 aviation fuel drums, many were full when they were left behind. the rusting orange barrels reportedly called american flowers by the local inuit about. they were flowers at leach toxic contents into the soil and was ways no one knows how much environmental damage they caused. kate named louis east to the base was actually constructed in the 2nd world war, the continued operation into a time when russia and the united states was standing toe to toe when it was eventually decommissioned, the abandonment was total. you know,
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this is really quite shocking. you've got to remember that this is in the heart of this pristine wilderness. what is a, a wonderful environment. and yet all of this it's just effectively been dumped. and if you think this is bad, there's a lot worse on the other side of greenland. for a huge u. s. bass was built into the ice cap and that one was powered by nuclear reactor. ah, on the top, a loon below the surface of a giant ice camp, the united states army has established an unprecedented nuclear poet, arctic research center. construction on come said tree started in 1959. it was completed inside 2 years, housed up to 200 men in a network of tunnels who live to pretty much as they would above ground. officially a research station it's real aim was to launch nuclear missiles against the soviet union in the events of war. but it seemed became obvious. the shifting greenland
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ice sheet made the site dangerously unstable and it was abandoned in $967.00. we contacted the team now continually monitoring the site. what we can tell from our eyes penetrating radar survey is the sort of magnitude and spatial distribution of the debris. and we can see, you know, how the tunnels have closed and they've, you know, smushed completely closed. they have no more air space in them. the monetary must continue because although the nuclear reactor was removed, unknown quantities of radioactive waste plus 200000 liters of diesel were left under the assumption they would be buried forever. but now because of climate change, they could be exposed to the environment, possibly within ac is the rate of warming that green the nation is facing today is pretty unprecedented in the last 12000 years. just how fast is warming and how fast?
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yeah. sheet is retreating, so cam centuries now experiencing more mouth than it has in the past. whether or not come centuries exposed in the future depends on whether we reduce emissions today. and greenland prime arctic position means all this could happen again. now back in the crosshairs of several nations vying for arctic dominance, including russia, china and the united states with donald trump famously wanting and failing to buy greenland while a lot of things could be done. mm hm. essentially it's a large real estate deal. lot of things can be done, but perhaps a country can benefit in some way from the legacy. if some one else is war. denmark is funding a $29000000.00 clean up of u. s. military installations in greenland. and now there are even plans to turn this rusting legacy of the pass into a tourist attraction, a contrast to the regular guide, but greenland, to say the least. so
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we've come here to the south to find out more about the science behind the arctic. mal, profess, we're heading for iglesia, and andrea here is, i'll skip or she knows these roses very well. where are we heading and what are we hoping to see? where the rental collateral iglesia, an essay. we adeline, that right? the she ag calvin, a new iceman. but this isn't really active this year, so on the way we can already see here at the end of some of the sea ice, the wind to see ice beginning to form a thin layer on the surface of fuel. but it shouldn't stop us today. it we went to play to the movie in between the eyes. slowly. the arctic is booming, twice as fast as the rest of the planet, which means the sea doesn't freeze as much as it used to. unless sea ice means more sunlight is absorbed into the ocean, the warmer ocean melt the glasses foster from below. while warm air temperatures mel the glassy as an ice sheet fostered from above. meeting more icebergs carved into the ocean, the ice sheet diminishes and his own going sea level rise around the world.
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this is how it sounds and how it looks when the ice cap meets the sea. to see the as yo blue. as the i say that's caused by the great pressure of the glassy or above it, the ice cap is weighing down on the ice. and these continual cracks, izzy ice falls and collapses off into the water. and he see birds just wheeling around, feeding off these rich nutrients that a churned up by this continual flow of melt water that's coming off the glasser and vast quantities. because ah, miss greenland ice sheet and the effects of it melting a certain. poking to us all, there's a huge amount of scientific research going on. deep within
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a few or oceanographer lawrence math uses approach to gather data from the water. in terms of climate change to with this, we minute measure how much fresh water is actually coming from the i sheet. so we see in recent years, the amount of fresh water has increased and strongly because it melts has increased strongly. then also, if we measure temperature of the ocean process ocean in many parts of credence in direct contact with the i should. so the ocean warms up than that the places will melt faster and faster. and that's something we actually see. it's also important to take core samples from the fuel bed. everything that happens in water column at some point and some empathy for any spite of your ecosystem. love to food weight in this feel. and so at the end here, interested in how climate change will impact the food with shorts at the end of every summer, satellite track has established how much arctic sea ice has been lost. this year it
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dropped to an area of just 4720000 square kilometers. it's 12 last extent on record . so sea ice is currently declining at a rate of around 13 percent each decade. the to put that into back to an area of sea ice equivalent to a country. the size of austria is being lost each year. the arctic is complex and hard to predict. we do know sure things are going in the wrong direction and it's having global consequences. there's another big research program called the o. m g project, which actually stands for oceans melting, greenland, it's a nasa project which maps the ice melt to better understand how warm he oceans effect the melting of the ice sheet. we spoke to the principal investigator josh willis. it's going to curious wave, engaging people in climate science. for the last 6 years, we've been measuring how the oceans here change, and also watching the ice as it grows and retreats. and by relating the ocean
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changes to the ice changes, we're hoping to get better at predicting just how quickly ice here is going to melt and sea levels are going to rise all around the world. for several years. we've phone an airplane with a radar to measure the ice. what we're doing here right now is we're measuring the ocean. so we have an old d, c. 3 aircraft that was built for world war 2 repurposed per science about a decade ago. to why and we've been flying around dropping sensors into the oceans to measure the temperature and the softness, not just at the surface but all the way down to the sea floor. what happens in greenland does not stay in greenland. ice lost here raises sea levels all around the world, across europe, across the united states, all the way to australia. so our global ocean is shared between every country that
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has a coastline and when ice here melt, it affects them all and we are approaching the top 26. you in climate summit, it's being billed as, as the most important one. yet. what's your sense of that? what time is running out? if we want to avoid the worst consequences of climate change in planetary warming, we have to start reducing our dependence on fossil fuels and find alternative energy as fast as we can. and finally, josh, you have a kind of curious way of being gauging people with climate signs. tell us about that. well, it's a scary thing to imagine that where re shaping our planets, climate. and so i find a joke here there occasionally a song or maybe even an eldest impersonation has a really great job of connecting with people real time and change in the
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last few years ago i wrote a song about climate change to sing as elvis called the climate rock, i find that for form yet in gauges, people in a way that's really meaningful. they really enjoy it and. and plus i'm a big him and i love it. joe. weather and yeah. together and you do crime in here on the southern tip of greenland, the frozen north gives way to something altogether more lush. it's why the vikings came here a 1000 years ago. indeed is why eric? i can called it green land in the 1st place. there. old norse building, scattered around the area. they came here to farm, which is something that still goes on today. but it's what lies beneath this ground that's now causing people. the whole reason is rich and rare of minerals and international mining companies want to get at it. but many greenland is not happy ah, a statue of leaf ericsson, the viking,
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who said to have discovered america 400 years before columbus gazes out overseen. that might surprise you. when you think of greenland, this is probably not what comes to mind. but the end of summer and the sheep have been rounded up for mocking. farming is part of the way of life in the south will miss as much as hunting is elsewhere. but these lands also hold new possibilities. i headed up a mountain valley near the town of nasa. the rocks here hold some of the world's richest deposits of rare f minerals. this is the sides of an old uranium mine. it's long been decommissioned. but now international mining companies want to dig deep again. the rock we see all around the same was for 3 or 4 kilometers beneath the earth's crust. and then about a 1000000000 years ago, these mountains just rid up. and they reckon that within this area alone, there are one and a half 1000000 tons of rare with minerals, with another $26000000.00 tons at
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a site nearby. and all of that combined is enough to supply the world total need. a rare earth minerals for 115 years, which is why this whole area is just so valuable and has so much attention. so what exactly are the results is here? well, the main mineral mining companies want to extract from here is called lodge of right . it contains uranium, zinc, and most importantly rarer metals, rare if metals are a group of 17 elements, once refine, they possess unique magnetic and electrochemical properties, which could be used in electric vehicles. wind turbines, smartphones, even combat aircraft. the problem for locals is the uranium byproduct of the mining process. this is my mother's father. i met with neil secaria son who's been fighting the proposed mind for years. man, i to shots of a lot to ship. if the mind gets to go ahead, the 1st thing that will affect us is dull and followed by radioactive radiation.
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those things will start from the 1st day of production. that's going to affect our water supply. and it's only 3 kilometers away from the mining site. meaning we won't be able to continue living in na, sac pallet meetings were held earlier in the year with the mining company involved . although they didn't attend the most recent ones. that green and minerals who are australian and part chinese owned a c o. told al jazeera, there's been misinformation about the project in the community that does not accurately reflect the impact assessments and his course concern among local stakeholders. this is unfortunate when the project is met. stringent environmental standards mining would bring jobs, business opportunities and economic stimulus for the local community. ah, but many fear the majority of those jobs will be given to foreign workers across greenland. the issue is so controversial, it toppled the national government. and in came the indigenous into it party who have promised to stop the mind that they recognize
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a future government might reverse that. i do not think it's fair to put on the landing people to accept mining of uranium because of one commodity. and that can also be found other places in the region. also keep in mind that brands are not only used for the good, they can also be used in the weapon street. i will put a bill in front of the parliament at banding uranium mining. and if that goes through the crane, shared project will have a difficult time obtaining asportation license as the day draws to a close, more sheep being rounded up, the farmers have grave concerns about the impact of toxic waste on the land and waterways. the sheep thrive on the water when a fair price it and the see will be price and then we will be price it. i mean that never it except the mining the queen. lengthy cut is to have been keep going in 1000 years and that many people could survive here and that to be strong to
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leave here in green. and the money will tesco to the company not so much to the air people than leaving here long ago. the viking soul, the potential of this policy agreement, the 1000 years on outside as a once again, i'm the countries possibilities. and as the ice sheet melts, making more mining sites accessible. interesting agreements, rich result is, will only increase so that's it for this planet. and so f special is made a trait where we seen all too clearly the urgent need for action. the importance of this pristine environments and the critical need to protect it from the busiest cities of the well to the remotest parts of our planet. all eyes will now be on that crucial you and climate summit in glasgow in november from greenland. his good bye.
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investigating the use and abuse of power across the globe on al jazeera. ah hello, i'm emily. i'm going into these, the top stories on al jazeera, me and my conflicts could be about to escalate into an even greater human rights catastrophe. that's the warning from the un special rapids fees, mass atrocities, and more loss of life. there are reports, the military gentle is deploying tens of thousands of soldiers and heavy weapons to the north and north west. that's where our groups have resisted its rules since the qu, in february, italy's for my interior minister material sylvania has been in court on trial for his.

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