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tv   [untitled]    October 22, 2021 11:30am-12:01pm AST

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asia, do they want the behavior change? 2 years ago during the protests, curry lead a boycotts of classes at her high school and says, teaching the national security law will undermine critical thinking. first of all, i think that this has limited what, how well our thoughts aid in learning in studying i think we do not have any freedom of our thoughts, freedom of speech in africa. but this time she won't be taking any action to do so . could cost her her freedom. robert bride al jazeera, hong kong and britain's queen elizabeth has spent a night in hospital after cancelling a visit to northern ireland. this week. buckingham palace, as the queen went into hospital on wednesday afternoon for health checks after ring advised to rest for a few days. the monarch returned to windsor castle on thursday and is set to be in good spirits. ah,
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hello again. the headlines on al jazeera haiti's, national police chief, has resigned after protests, against deteriorating security and gang violence. workers have been on general strike since monday, following the abduction of a group of christian missionaries. i did not regret that, julia ga. the kid, nothing's going on in the country, only impoverishing us from the middle class who have no means. but you see that the rich are not kidnapped? don't talk if not without little leather. no, it's not possible that a gallon of gasoline is selling for 1100 goods. president arielle henri, you are not worthy of leading the country. go go down or yell only. you could no longer live in the country, go, go. a cinematographer has been killed and a director injured after, after alec baldwin fired a prob gun on a film set in new mexico. no charges have a child. at least 7 people have been killed at
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a roving camp and bangladesh. gunman attacked a religious school in bazaar one person has been arrested. new zealand prime minister says strict coven, 1900 locked measures will be lifted ones. 90 percent of the country is fully vaccinated. so far around 70 percent of the country has received both doses. the belgian prime minister has called on all in new member states to work together to tackle the increase in migration. alexander the crew made the comments on the final day and the new leader summit in brussels. the block accuses beller roost if allowing people to cross into europe illegally as retaliation for european sanctions on the bella russian government. the united nations is blaming south sedans worth floods in 60 years on climate change. entire villages have been swept away. b, one refugee agency says 700000 people have been effected. we'll have more news at
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the top of the hour for now it's planet s o s. greenland. if america held up a mirror to itself, what would it see in a sense, race is the story of america what's working. and what's not that people are only talking about that. it wasn't at the top of the agenda. if america can't handle multiple challenges on multiple fronts, we need to go back to school. the bottom line on al jazeera, ah never before and human history has the once pristine environment of the arctic. been such peril on the clock and we're here in greenland to discover what those epic changes mean, not just to hear, but to the rest of the well. with comp 26 the you and climate summit just weeks away. we visit a remote community struggling with the challenges of
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a warming climate. we'll find out how nuclear waste from in 19 fifties u. s. military base is in danger of being exposed by the retreating ice cup and explore the debates obe agreements. richard is also rare, rough metals that a critical for kava mutual future. i'm in change in and a little more conversation about climate change please. the nasa scientists who's got a novel approach to getting his message across the door. mm . we're here on the wild, remote east coast to greenland. to me this is nature at his most imposing. we've knows our way up. the johan peterson field is one of thousands of fields and inlets that stretch way beyond the arctic circle. and that is the greenland ice cap, and we're here because the arctic is changing and this year is changing faster than
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ever. events never seen before, made headlines across the world. the ice cap melted at a record rate, the water it created in 24 hours enough to entirely cover an area. the size of florida in 5 centimeters of water. great chunks of the icy collapsed and drifted off into the open ocean. and this being so warm has been rain, not snow on the summit for the 1st time on record. but what does it mean and why does it matter? and what is what happens on the ice sheet has global implications, where the ice capsule part of the plan is natural system and that system has been breaking down. we use this iceberg as a kind of canvas and put a map of europe on top of it and then super imposed greenland. you can see what a colossal land mass it is. and then if we put the ice cap on top of that, well as the vast, it's more than a 1000 kilometers from east to west and moving to 1000 kilometers from north to south. it is colossal and it is retreating. in fact,
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the amount of water that pulls off this ice cap every summer is responsible for more than 25 percent global sea level rise over the last few decades. and it's also responsible for impacting crucial ocean currents. we all take a warning twice as fast as the rest of the world, and that's having a profound effect to the local level. well, communities that live along the edge of the ice cap, the village of coolness hook is remotes wild and still in touch with the old ways. ah, just 200 people live here. even so it's one of the larger communities on the thinly populated, east coast of greenland. sled dogs is out. the end of summer iga for the winter snows. humpbacks below is one of the wales species at feast in these rich scenes. here to a degree, life still depends on the yield of the arctic waters,
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as it has done for thousands of years. eustace artwork still hunts and fishes for a living. i have a 6 coach. we bought to water, a written way, kitch 6. the fish. 6 hope 6 fish the return bought things it changing on multiple fronts. after millennia of subsistence living in you, it's are in the middle of a social and cultural transformation as greenland seeks its place in the wide world . and it's happening at precisely the moment. climate change is appending the environment. these empty houses tell a story of a population that's pretty much harvey in 20 years or so. and those that have gone have either moved to the nearest town of chassis i care on the east coast or even further afield to the capital nook on the other side of greenland. and for those that remain while they live in this warming world of oz. and it's a world that the ancestors which scarcity recognize mountain guide. matt spencer
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has lived among the annuity connoisseur for 20 years. working with tourists, you've come for the adventure of the wild. he's seen 1st hand how fast things have changed. i think the cursed the that the year and on the rhythm of the seasons is so important that people here in the sense that the ice columns and in early winter breaks and in early, early, june, usually. and then that's tied in with all the animal arriving as a fish and sales in the wales. when all is patton's, become a mess up and i sent you that that is the case with people who don't recognize the name of it yet. i think the realtor is huge challenge for people's way of life. everything is on an epic scale here with 30 meters under the glass. yeah. this is driven. oh i thought i would fight by mel water in the spring. in this gives you a perspective of the enormity of what's going on in the arctic
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a replicated under the glass. yeah, absolutely. say anywhere the males is going on. and that's a fairly 1st in the summer because that's obviously all south. and even from the summit to the ice, gaffer over 3000 meters that melts, happening in that water has to go somewhere across greenland, that's the same story, the cultural and the natural environment to being radically reshaped. changing ways that have been sculpted in the frozen north, over thousands of years. here in the outtake, the old and the new anal side by side. the future for both in these changing times is hard to discern what is certain, is the wonder and the power of the natural world. and the real and present danger created by upsetting its balance. the know the lies, of course,
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very much part of the spiritual connection the in you have with the environment and with that environment, continually changing. well, it's a hard transition to make. we spoke to bent ableton who's 58 years old. he's the former mayor of classic and comes from a long line of hunters stretching back hundreds of years. deep in an ice showed the majesty all around belies of frightening truth, bent ableton. this is an uncomfortable reality. before i hear from news shooting and warming, i don't believe to put no, i she i sheets quick tick through these icebergs of car, from glasses that are receding fast. and the sea ice in winter is thinner and loss for less time, which means the annuity called use at doc sleds across the fuels like they used to now far fish fury which open and in winter in winter. before we can go dr to gina. no, move it changing
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a share for me. i think it's quick. it's true quick. it's warm. know then you it's have a visceral connection with the land and that connection lives through their sled dogs, but sled dogs need ice in winter and the ice is diminishing. it chair, oh, i can not think of wanting it. what can i say may be queen, she too. i cannot go to hunting my french thought and mother and generations yak polish talk. always talk and hunting. we did talk. put in for me. it will be a shed for his quillen to pupil what we do in winter. what can we do? new income for bent. the fear is the community will continue to disperse.
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now many is leaving because he can see somebody, he can feel something. it's go down, my son shun, or they do maybe the more food thing mom to move to europe. i know if i go away, no more sheer, no more animals. so if i leave, you can fish ish, i moved in because we're going to go to here duty and we're on our way to see something that really demonstrates greenland loan standing strategic importance during the cold war. the u. s. a dozens of military bases right across the country. and in places they now presented highly toxic threads. as the ice cap melts,
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we had it for acre tech. hidden away up a fjord on the east coast had made the wonder of the arctic. was hard to know what to expect when we finally made landfill, what we found was jaw dropping. a vast, rusting dump that has been left to slowly decay for 7 decades. ready ready during the cold war, american command is ordered that military bases should be built across greenland. in fact, more than 50 were built. now any one remains in the rest. like this one were simply abandoned. amongst it all more than 200000 to aviation fuel drums. many were full when they were left behind. the rusting orange barrels reportedly called american flowers by the local inuit about. they were flowers at leach toxic contents into the soil and waterways. no one knows how much environmental damage they caused code named bleary east to the base was actually constructed in the 2nd world war. the
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continued operation into a time when russia and the united states was standing toe to toe when it was eventually decommissioned, the abandonment was total. you know, this is really quite shocking. you've got to remember that this is in the heart of this pristine wilderness. what is a, a wonderful environment, and yet all of this it's just effectively been dumped. and if you think this is bad, there's a lot worse on the other side of greenland. for a huge u. s. base was built into the ice cap and that one was powered by nuclear reactor. ah, on the top of the moon. below the surface of a giant ice camp, the united states army has established an unprecedented nuclear poet, arctic research center. construction on come century started in 1959. it was completed inside 2 years, housed up to 200 men in a network of tunnels who live to pretty much as they would above ground. officially
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a research station. it really was to launch nuclear missiles against the soviet union in the events of war. but it seemed became obvious. the shifting greenland ice sheet made the site dangerously unstable and it was abandoned in $967.00. we contacted the team now continually monitoring the site while we can tell from our eyes penetrating radar survey is the sort of magnitude and spatial distribution of the debris. and we can see, you know, how the tunnels have closed and they've, you know, smushed completely closed. they have no more air space in them. the monetary must continue because although the nuclear reactor was removed, unknown quantities of radioactive waste plus 200000 liters of diesel were left under the assumption they would be buried forever. but now because of climate change, they could be exposed to the environment, possibly within ac is the rate of warming that the green the nation is facing today
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is pretty unprecedented in the last 12000 years. just how fast is warming and how fast. yeah. sheet is retreating, so cam centuries now experiencing more mouth than it has in the past. whether or not come century is exposed in the future depends on whether we reduce emissions today. i greenland prime arctic position means all this could happen again, all back in the crosshairs of several nations vying for arctic dominance, including russia, china and the united states with donald trump famously wanting and failing to buy greenland for a lot of things can be done. mm. hm, essentially, it's a large real estate deal. lot of things can be done, but perhaps a country can benefit in some way from the legacy. if someone else is war. denmark is funding a $29000000.00 clean up of u. s. military installations in greenland. and now there are even plans to turn this rusting legacy of the pass into a tourist attraction,
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a contrast to the regular guide, but greenland, to say the least. so we've come here to the south to find out more about the science behind the arctic. mal, profess, we're heading for iglesia, and andrea here is ask every she knows these roses very well. where are we heading and what are we hoping to see? where to rental collateral iglesia, an essay. we adeline that right? the she egg, calvin, a new ice van. but this is really active this year, so on the way we can already see here at the end of some of the sea ice, the winter sea ice beginning to form a thin layer on the surface, the fuel. but it shouldn't stop us today. it, we went to play to the movie in between the eyes. it'll only be all tick is booming, twice as fast as the rest of the planet, which means the c doesn't freeze as much as it used to, unless the ice means more sunlight is absorbed into the ocean. warmer ocean melt,
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the glass is foster from below. while womb at temperatures mel the glassy as an ice sheet fasted from above, meaning more icebergs carved into the ocean. the ice sheet diminishes and as own going sea level rise around the world. this is how it sounds and how it looks when the ice cap meets the sea to see the as jo, blue, as the i said, it's caused by the great pressure of the glassy or above it. the ice cap is weighing down on the ice. and these continual cracks, izzy ice falls and collapses off into the water. and he see birds is wheeling around, feeding off these rich nutrients that a churned up by this continual flow of melt water that's coming off. the glasser and vast quantities because ah, just the greenland ice sheet and the effects
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of it melting, assert important to us all. there's a huge amount of scientific research going on. deep within a few ord, oceanographer lawrence math uses approach to gather data from the water in terms of climate change to with this we may measure how much fresh water is actually coming from the eye sheet. so we see in recent years, the amount of fresh water has increased strongly because the melts has increased, strongly, de know, so we measure temperature of the ocean was ocean in many parts of creedence in direct contact with the i should. so to ocean warms up, than that, the places will melt faster and faster and that's something we actually see. it's also important to take core samples from the fuel bed. everything that happens in water column at some point and some at the sea floor, any spite of yard ecosystem love to footway in this feel. and so at the end, you're interested in how climate change will impact the food with
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shorts. at the end of every summer satellite track has established how much arctic sea ice has been lost. this year it dropped to an area of just 4720000 square kilometers. it's 12th last extent on record. so sea ice is currently declining at a rate of around 13 percent each decade. the to put that into spect, if an area of sea ice equivalent to a country, the size of austria is being lost. each year. the arctic is complex and hard to predict. but we do know sure things are going in the wrong direction and it's having global consequences. there's another big research program called the o. m g project which actually stand for oceans melting, greenland, it's a nasa project which maps the ice melt to better understand how was me oceans effect the melting of the ice sheet. we spoke to the principal investigator josh willis. it's going to cure the wave, engaging people in climate science. for the last 6 years,
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we've been measuring how the oceans here change, and also watching the ice as it grows and retreats. and by relating the ocean changes to the ice changes, we're hoping to get better in predicting just how quickly ice here is going to melt . and sea levels are going to rise all around the world. for several years. we've phone an airplane with a radar to measure the ice. what we're doing here right now is we're measuring the ocean. so we have an old d, c. 3 aircraft that was built for world war 2. her re purpose per science about a decade ago. to why and we've been flying around dropping sensors into the oceans to measure the temperature and the softness, not just at the surface but all the way down to the sea for what happens in greenland does not stay in greenland. ice lost here raises sea levels all around
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the world, across europe, across the united states, all the way to australia. so our global ocean is shared between every country that has a coastline and when ice here melt, it affects them all and we are approaching the top 26, the you in climate summit. it's being billed as, as the most important one. yet. what's your sense of time is running out if we want to avoid the worst consequences of climate change in planetary warming, we have to start reducing our dependence on fossil fuels and find the alternative energy as fast as we can. and finally, josh, you have a kind of curious way all the engaging people with climate science tell us about that. well, it's a scary thing to imagine that we're re shaping our planets climate. and so i find a joke here there occasionally a song or maybe even an eldest impersonation has
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a really great job of connecting with people real time in change and goes again a few years ago i wrote a song about climate change to sing as elvis called the climate rock i find that perform in gauges, people in a way that's really meaningful and they really enjoy it. and. and plus i'm a big him and i love it. joe. weather and yeah. together and you do in here on the southern tip of greenland, the frozen north gives way to something altogether more lush. it's why the vikings came here a 1000 years ago. and date is why eric liking called it green land in the 1st place . their old north building scattered around the area and they came here to farm, which is something that still goes on today. but is what lies beneath this ground that is now causing up people. the whole reason is rich and rarer minerals and
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international mining companies want to get at it. but many greenland is not happy ah, a statue of leaf ericsson, the viking, who said to have discovered america 400 years before columbus gazes out overseen. that might surprise you when you think agreement, this is probably not what comes to mind. but the end of summer and the sheep had been rounded up for market. farming is part of the way of life in the south. almost as much as hunting is elsewhere. but these lands also hold new possibilities. i headed up a mountain valley near the town of nasa. the rocks here hold some of the world's richest deposits of rare earth minerals. this is the site of an old uranium mine. it's long been decommissioned. but now international mining companies want to dig deep again the rock we see all around us. it was for 3 or 4 kilometers beneath the earth's crust. and then about a 1000000000 years ago,
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these mountains just rid up. and they reckon that within this area alone, there are one and a half 1000000 tons of rare with minerals, with another $26000000.00 tons at a site nearby. and all of that combined is enough to supply the wealth total need, a rare earth minerals for a 115 years, which is why this whole area is just so valuable and has so much attention. so what exactly are the results is here? well, the main mineral mining companies want to extract from here is called ledger right . it contains uranium, zinc, and most importantly rarer metals, rarest metals are a group of 17 elements, and once refined, they possess unique magnetic and electrochemical properties, which could be used in electric vehicles. wind turbines, smartphones, even combat aircraft. the problem for locals is the uranium byproduct of the mining process. this is my mother's father. i met with neil secaria son who's been
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fighting the proposed mind for years. man, i saw so if i'd like to ship, if the mind gets to go ahead, the 1st thing that will affect us is dull and followed by radioactive radiation. those things will start from the 1st day of production. that's going to affect our water supply and it's only 3 kilometers away from the mining site. meaning we won't be able to continue living in nor sac palate meetings were held earlier the year with the mining company involved, although they didn't attend the most recent one us much. i agree, minerals, australian, and part chinese owned a c o. told al jazeera, they spain misinformation about the project in the community that does not accurately reflect the impact assessments and his course concern among local stakeholders. this is unfortunate when the project is met. stringent environmental standards mining would bring jobs, business opportunities and economic stimulus for the local community. ah, but many fear the majority of those jobs will be given to foreign workers across
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greenland. the issue is so controversial, it toppled the national government and in came the indigenous into it party who have promised to stop the mind that they recognize a future government might reverse that. i do not think it's fair to put on the landing people to accept mining of uranium because of one commodity. and that can also be found other places in the region. also keep in mind that reads are not only used for the good. they can also be used in the weapon street. i will put a builder in front of the parliament at banding uranium mining. and if that goes through the crane, shared project will have a difficult time obtaining asportation license. as the day draws to a close, small sheep of being rounded up, the farmers have grave concerns about the impact of toxic waste on the land and both ways. the sheep thrive on there was so when faith roy said and the see will be price and then we will be price. if i win that never it except the mining the queen
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. lengthy coded to have been keep going in 1000 years and that many people could survive here and that says, be strong to leave here in greenland. the money will just go to their company, not so much to the air people they're living here long ago. the viking saw the potential of this part of greenland the 1000 years on outside as a once again i'm the countries possibilities. and as the ice sheet melts, making more mining sides accessible. interesting, green and rich resorts is will only increase so that's it for this planet as to where special is made a trait where we've seen all too clearly the urgent need for action. the importance of this pristine environment and the critical need to protect it from the busiest cities of the world to the remote as part of our planet. all eyes will now be on
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that crucial you and climate summit in glasgow in november from greenland. escobar with the indies, sugar going, meeting the 3rd athena workers have had their wounds in 11 east investigates. why so many women are having invasive surgery on out? is there compelling? we keeping our distance because it's actually quite dangerous. ambulances continue to arrive at the explosion. inspire, i still don't feel like i actually know enough about living under fascism was life, unequal to broadcasting. some nelson have been august 9th news for happy al
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jazeera english proud recipient of the new york festivals broadcaster of the year award for the 5th year running to play an important role in protecting human light touch face. ah. ready ready ready the leader of a haitian gang accused of kidnapping 17 missionaries threatens to kill them. and vows to make the prime minister cry blood's. ah, you're watching al jazeera light from a headquarters ins ohio daddy navigator also ahead. new zealand unveils plans to end its corona virus lockdown,
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but not before 90 percent of the population is fully vaccinated. i wanted to see a time where i live. we'd be better than div.

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