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tv   [untitled]    October 21, 2021 2:30am-3:01am AST

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is hard to discern what is certain, is the wonder in the power of the natural world and the real and present danger created by upsetting its balance. nit clark al jazeera coolest look, greenland and you can watch nic clark's full planet. i saw a special report from greenland next right here on out 0. and it's also available on a website out. is there a dot com? ah massage there. and these are the top stories in brazil, a report into the country's coven? 19 responses pointed the finger of blame, a president, j a bull sanara. the draft report followed a 6 month investigation and still needs to be voted on by the senate committee. you as president joe biden says, he's concerned about chinese hypersonic missile technology. an investigation by the financial time says china had tested a new hypersonic weapon in august. china is denied the reports article high and has
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more from washington d. c. this comes from a report in the financial times that said over the summer, china was able to launch that nuclear capable, hypersonic glide weapons. so in essence was, this is, it's a missile that goes into outer space, is able to circle the globe at 5 times. the speed of sound, ah, speed of yes, speed of sound that's feet of light. and then it was able to land just narrowly missing its target. chinese official say it's not a miss. all. it was a, some sort of space is craft that they were to working on the technology as or no, not much the u. s. can do about this. the concern for the u. s. is they've had a lot of emphasis on a lot of money on a missile defense shield. and if there's, by one effort that they'd like to do over the next 10 years, they could spend as much as a $176000000000.00 on it. that doesn't work for hypersonic weapons. the ones guilty council is held at emergency meeting on north korea a day after pyongyang testified a ballistic missile from
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a submarine. it's the 1st underwater test launch in 2 years. the u. s. south korea and japan have condemned it. and the afghan taliban says it needs international recognition to ease the country's humanitarian crisis. representatives were speaking in moscow, falling a conference with regional powers including china, india, and pakistan. russia says the taliban would have to uphold a basic standard of human rights to get recognition. and there's been an attack on a u. s. t. outpost in southern syria, the pentagon has confirmed no us, no u. s. force has been injured. it struck a base and al tanf in homes, governor it through us. officials believe it was for a drone. it's the 1st time this military base has been targeted earlier on thursday to bombs exploded on an army was in damascus, killing at least 14 people. and the man accused of killing 17 people at florida high school in 2018 has pleaded guilty in court. nicholas cruz was expelled from audrey steinman douglas high school days before the shoes. are those headlines news
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continues. hey, on out there after i saw us. ah, we town the untold still. oh we speak when others stud, ah, we cover all sides. no matter where it takes a fancy again, with my eyes and power and passion, we tell your stories. we are your voice, your news, your net out his ear. ah never before and human history has the once pristine environment of the arctic been such peril on the clock and we're here in greenland to discover what those epic
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changes mean, not just to hear but to the rest of the well. with cop 26 to you in climate summit, just weeks away. we visited a remote community struggling with the challenges of a warming climate. we'll find out how nuclear waste from a 19 fifties u. s. military base is in danger of being exposed by the retreating ice cap and explore the debate tube agreements. richard is also rare, rough metals that critical for cobb and mutual future time in change in add a little more conversation about climate change plays the masses. sanchez, who's got a novel approach to getting his message across the door. mm . mm. we're here on the wild remotes, east coast of greenland. to me, this is nature at his most imposing. we've knows our way up. the johan peterson fuel is one of thousands of fuel and inlets that stretch way beyond the arctic
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circle. and that is the greenland ice cap. and we're here because the arctic is changing and this year is changing faster than ever. events never seen before made headlines across the world. the ice cap melted at a record rate. the water a created in 24 hours enough to entirely cover an area. the size of florida in 5 centimeters of water. great chunks of the ice sheet collapsed and drifted off into the open ocean and has been so warm. it has been rain, not snow on the summit for the 1st time on record. but what does it mean and why does it matter? and what is what happens on the ice sheet had global implications, where the ice capsule part of the plan is natural system and that system has been breaking down. we use this iceberg as a kind of canvas and put a map of europe on top of it and then superimpose greenland. and you can see what a colossal land mass it is. and then if we put the ice cap on top of that will as
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vast, it's more than a 1000 kilometers from east to west and more than 2000 kilometers from north to south. it is colossal and it is retreating. in fact, the amount of water that pulls off this ice cap every summer is responsible for more than 25 percent of global sea level rise over the last few decades. and is also responsible impacting crucial ocean currents. the, the all take is moving twice as fast as the rest of the world. and that's having a profound effect at the local level or communities that live along the edge of the ice cap. the village of coolness hook is remotes wild and still in touch with the old ways. just 200 people live here even so it's one of the larger communities on the thinly populated, east coast of greenland sled dogs is out. the end of summer iga for the winter snows. humpbacks below is one of the wales species at feast in these rich seas.
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it to a degree life still depends on the yield of the arctic waters, as it has done for thousands of years. eustace, or to work still hunts and fishes for living. i have a 6 coach we bought to water and returned with kitch 6. the fish 6 hook, 6 fish in return, but things are changing on multiple fronts. after millennia of subsistence living been you, it's are in the middle of a social and cultural transformation as greenland seeks its place. the wide world and it's happening at precisely the moment. climate change is appending the environment. these empty houses tell a story of a population that's pretty much haft in 20 years or so. and those that have gone have it moved to the nearest town of chassis i care on the east coast or even further afield to the capital nook on the other side of greenland. and for those
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that remain, while they live in this warming world of ours, and it's a world that the ancestors which scarcity recognize mountain guide, matt spencer has lived among the annuity connoisseur for 20 years. working with tourists, you've come for the adventure of the wild. you seen 1st hand how fast things have changed. i think the cursed the that the year and on the rhythm of the seasons is so important with april here in the sense that the ice columns and in early winter breaks and in early, early, june, usually. and then that's tied in with all the animal thriving as a fish and seals in the whales. when all is patton's, become a mess up. and i sent you that that is the case with people which don't recognize many move. and yet i think the realtor, which is huge challenge for people's way of life. everything is on an epic scale here with 30 meters under the glass. yeah. this is
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kevin. oh, i thought i would fight by mel water in the spring in this gives you a perspective of the enormity of what's going on in the arctic a replicated on the glass. yeah, absolutely. say anywhere the males is going on and that's a fatal person that some of us as oversee all south and even from the summit to the ice copper over 3000 meters, that melts. happening in that water has to go somewhere across greenland. that's the same story. the cultural and the natural environments have been radically reshaped, changing ways that have been sculpted in the frozen north of a thousands of years. here in the arctic, the old and the new anal side by side. the future for both in these changing times is hard to discern what is certain, is the wonder and the power of the natural world. and the real and present danger
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created by upsetting its balance. the know the lies, of course, very much part of the spiritual connection the in you have with the environment and with that environment, continually changing. well, it's a hard transition to make. we spoke to bent ableton who's 58 years old. he's the former mayor of classic and comes from a long line of hunters stretching back hundreds of years. mm. deep in an ice short, the majesty all around belies of frightening truth. bent ableton. this is an uncomfortable reality. before i hear from news shooting and warming, i don't believe him, but no, i she, i sheets it quick take true. these icebergs of call from glasses that are receding fast, and the sea ice in winter is thinner and lost for less time, which means the n u. it caught use that duck sleds across a fuels like they used to. now,
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far dish shortage open. and in winter, in winter, before we can go down there to, to see no, no, move it changing the share for me i thing it's quick. it's too quick. it's warm, know, ah, the in you, it's have a visceral connection with the land. and that connection lives through their sled dogs, but sled dogs need ice in winter and the ice is diminishing. it chair. oh, i can not think of going to it. what can i say may beat cree? she too. i cannot really go to hunting. my friends thought and mother and generations yak, polish talk. always talk and hunting with talk both from me. it will be
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a shed for each quillen to pupil. what we do in ringo. what can we do in the income for bent, the fear is that community will continue to disperse. now many is dating because he can see somebody, he can feel something. it's go down, my sons, shun or do my bidding more suiting me to move to you. i know if i go away no more. she has no more animal show. if i li reagan dish ish, i moved in because we ordered one room to hear movie and we are on our way to see something that really demonstrates breeland's lowest on the strategic importance during the cold war,
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the u. s. a dozens of military bases right across the country. and in places they now presented highly toxic threats. as the ice cap melts, we had it for acre tech. hidden away up a fjord on the east coast had made the wonder of the arctic was haul to know what to expect. when we finally made landfall, what we found was george dropping a vast, rusting dump that has been left to slowly decay for 7 decades. ready ready during the cold war, american command is ordered that military bases should be built across greenland. in fact, more than 50 were built. now any one remains in the rest. like this one were simply abandoned. amongst it all, more than 200000 aviation fuel drums, many were full when they were left behind. the rusting orange barrels reportedly called american flowers by the local inuit about. they were flowers at leach toxic
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contents into the soil and waterways. no one knows how much environmental damage they caused code named bleary east to the base was actually constructed in the 2nd world war. the continued operation into a time when russia and the united states was standing toe to toe when it was eventually decommissioned, the abandonment was total. this is really quite shocking. you've got to remember that this is in the halls of this pristine wilderness. what is a, a wonderful environment, and yet all of this is just effectively been dumped here. and if you think this is bad, there's a lot worse on the other side of greenland. for a huge u. s. bass was built into the ice cap and that one was powered by nuclear reactor. ah, on the top a loon below the surface of a giant ice camp, the united states army has established an unprecedented nuclear poet, arctic research center. construction on come said tree started in 1959 and was
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completed inside 2 years, housed up to 200 men in a network of tunnels who live to pretty much as they would above ground. officially a research station it's real aim was to launch nuclear missiles against the soviet union in the events of war. but it seemed became obvious. the shifting greenland ice sheet made the site dangerously unstable and it was abandoned. in 1967, we contacted the team now continually monitoring the site. what we can tell from our eyes penetrating radar survey is the sort of magnitude and spatial distribution of the debris. and we can see, you know, how the tunnels have closed and they have no smushed completely closed. they have no more air space in them. the monitoring must continue because although the nuclear reactor was removed, unknown quantities of radioactive waste plus 200000 liters of diesel were left
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under the assumption they would be buried forever. but now because of climate change, they could be exposed to the environment, possibly within ac is the rate of warming that the green the nation is facing today is pretty unprecedented in the last 12000 years. just how fast is warming and how fast? yeah, she is retreating. so camp centuries now experiencing more mel than it has in the past. whether or not come centuries exposed in the future depends on whether we reduce emissions to day and greenland. prime arctic position means all this could happen again, is now back in the crosshairs of several nations vying for arctic dominants including russia, china and the united states. with donald trump famously wanting and failing to buy greenland, while a lot of things can be done. hm. eventually it's a large real estate deal. lot of things can be done. but perhaps a country can benefit in some way from the legacy. if some one else is war, denmark is funding a $29000000.00 clean up of
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u. s. military installations in greenland. and now there are even plans to turn this rusting legacy of the pass into a tourist attraction, a contrast to the regular guide, but greenland, to say the least. so we've come here to the south to find out more about the science behind the arts. well, the 1st we're heading for iglesia and andrea here is, i'll skip or she knows these roses very well. where are we heading and what are we hoping to see? where the rental collateral iglesia an essay. we adeline, that the right, the ca, calvin, a new iceman, but it isn't really active this year. so on the way we can already see here at the end of some of the sea ice, the winter sea ice beginning to form a thin layer on the surface, the field. but it shouldn't stop us today. it we went to play to the movie, meet when the i slowly the arctic is booming, twice as fast as the rest of the planet. which means the c doesn't freeze as much
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as it used to. unless sea ice means more sunlight is absorbed into the ocean, the warmer ocean melt the glasses faster from below. while warm air temperatures mel the glassy as an ice sheet fasted from above. meaning more icebergs carved into the ocean. the ice sheet diminishes and his own going sea level rise around the world. this is how it sounds and how it looks when the ice cap meets the sea. to see the as jo, blue as the i say that's caused by the great pressure of the glassy or above it, the ice cap is weighing down on the ice. and these continual cracks, izzy ice falls and collapses off into the water. and he see birds is wheeling around, feeding off these rich nutrients that a churned up by this continual flow of melt water that's coming off the glass or in vast quantities. because
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with miss greenland ice sheet and the effects of it melting, assert important to us all. there's a huge amount of scientific research going on. deep within a few or oceanographer lawrence math uses approach to gather data from the water. in terms of climate change to the with this we minute measure how much fresh water is actually coming from that i should. so we see in recent years, the amount of fresh water has increased strongly because the melts has increased strongly than also we measure temperature of the ocean. because ocean in many parts of creedence in direct contact with the eye sheet. so if the ocean warms up, than that the places will melt faster and faster and that's something we actually see. it's also important to take core samples from the fuel bed. everything that happens in water column at some point into the floor,
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any spite of yard ecosystem love to food weight in this feel. and so at the end, you're interested in how climate change will impact the food with shorts. at the end of every summer satellite track has established how much arctic sea ice has been lost. this year it dropped to an area of just 4720000 square kilometers. it's 12 last extent on record. so sea ice is currently declining at a rate of around 13 percent each decade. the to put that into spect, if an area of sea ice equivalent to a country, the size of austria is being lost. each year. the arctic is complex and hard to predict. but we do know sure things are going in the wrong direction and it's having global consequences. there's another big research program called the o m g project, which actually stands for oceans melting, greenland, it's a nasa project which maps the ice melt to better understand how was the ocean's
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effect the melting of the ice sheet. we spoke to the principal investigator josh willis. it's going to cure his wave, engaging people in climate science. for the last 6 years, we've been measuring how the oceans here change, and also watching the ice as it grows and retreats. and by relating the ocean changes to the ice changes, we're hoping to get better at predicting just how quickly ice here is going to melt . and sea levels are going to rise all around the world. for several years. we've phone an airplane with a radar to measure the ice. what we're doing here right now is we're measuring the ocean. so we have an old d, c. 3 aircraft that was built for world war 2. her re purpose per science about a decade ago. to why and we've been flying around dropping sensors into the oceans to measure the temperature and the softness,
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not just the surface but all the way down to the sea floor. what happens in greenland does not stay in greenland. ice lost here raises sea levels all around the world, across europe, across the united states, all the way to australia. so our global ocean is shared between every country that has a coastline and when ice here melt, it affects them all and we are approaching the top 26. you in climate summit, it's being billed as, as the most important one. yet. what's your sense of that time is running out. if we want to avoid the worst consequences of climate change and planetary warming, we have to start reducing our dependence on fossil fuels and find alternative energy as fast as we can. and finally, josh, you have a kind of curious way all the engaging people with climate signs. tell us about that. well, it's
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a scary thing to imagine that we're re shaping our planets climate. and so i find a joke here there occasionally a song or maybe even an eldest impersonation has a really great job of connecting with people real time in change in the green. a few years ago i wrote a song about climate change to sing as elvis called the climate rock. i find that perform yet, and it engages people in a way that's really meaningful and they really enjoy it. and, and plus, i'm a big him and i love it. joe. weather and yeah. together and you do with the crime in here on the southern tip of greenland, the frozen north gives way to something altogether more lush. it's why the vikings came here a 1000 years ago, indeed is why eric was liking called it green land in the 1st place. their old
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north building scattered around the area. they came here, it's a farm which is something that still goes on today. but it is what lies beneath this ground that is now causing up people. the whole region is rich in rarer minerals and international mining companies want to get at it. but many greenland is not happy ah, a statue of leaf ericsson, the viking, who said to have discovered america 400 years before columbus gazes out overseen. that might surprise you. when you think of greenland, this is probably not what comes to mind. but the end of summer and the sheep have been rounded up for mocking. farming is part of the way of life in the south will miss as much as hunting is elsewhere. but these lands also hold new possibilities. i headed up a mountain valley near the town of nasa. the rocks here hold some of the world's richest deposits of rare f minerals. this is the sides of an old uranium mine. it's long been decommissioned. but now international mining companies want to dig deep
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again. the rock we see all around us. it was for 3 or 4 kilometers beneath the earth's crust. and then about a 1000000000 years ago, these mountains just rid up. and they reckoned that within this area alone, there are one and a half 1000000 tons of rare with minerals, with another $26000000.00 tons at a site nearby. and all of that combined is enough to supply the world total need. a rare earth minerals for 115 years, which is why this whole area is just so valuable and has so much attention to what exactly are the results is here. well, the main mineral mining companies want to extract from here is called lodge of right. it contains uranium, zinc, and most importantly rarer metals, rarest metals are a group of 17 elements, once refine, they possess unique magnetic and electrochemical properties, which could be used in electric vehicles. wind turbines, smartphones, even combat aircraft. the problem for locals is the uranium byproduct of the mining
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process. this is my mother's father. i met with neil secaria son who's been fighting the proposed mind for years. man, i to the shots of a lot to ship. if the mind gets to go ahead, the 1st thing that will affect us is dull and followed by radioactive radiation. those things will start from the 1st day of production. that's going to affect our water supply. and it's only 3 kilometers away from the mining site. meaning we won't be able to continue living in na, sac pallet meetings were held earlier in the year with the mining company involved . although they didn't attend the most recent ones. that green and minerals who are australian and part chinese owned a c o. told al jazeera, there's been misinformation about the project in the community that does not accurately reflect the impact assessments and has caused concern among local stakeholders. this is unfortunate when the project is met. stringent environmental standards mining would bring jobs,
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business opportunities and economic stimulus for the local community. ah, but many fear the majority of those jobs will be given to foreign workers across greenland. the issue is so controversial, it toppled the national government. and in came the indigenous into it party who have promised to stop the mind that they recognize a future government might reverse that. i do not think it's fair to put on the landing people to accept mining of uranium because of one commodity. and that can also be found other places in the region. also keep in mind that brands are not only used for the good, they can also be used in the weapon street. i will put a bill in front of the parliament at banding uranium mining. and if that goes through the crane, shared project will have a difficult time obtaining a expectation license as a day draws to a close, more sheep being rounded up,
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the farmers have grave concerns about the impact of toxic waste on the land and waterways. the sheep thrive on there was so wealthy price and the see will be price and then we will be price it. i mean that never it except the mining the queen, lengthy coded to have been keep going in 1000 years and that many people could so rise here and that to be strong to leave here in greenland. the money will tesco to the company not so much to the air people that leaving here long ago the viking soul, the potential of this policy of greenland a 1000 years on outside as a once again i'm the countries possibilities and as the ice sheet melts, making more mining sites accessible. interesting agreements, rich result is will only increase so that's it for this planet. and so f special is made a trait where we seen all too clearly the urgent need for action. the importance of
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this pristine varmints and the critical need to protect it from the busiest cities of the will to the remotest part of our planet. all eyes will now be on that crucial you and climate summit in glasgow in november from greenland is good bye. mm. mm mm . and london is one of the most and forces cities in the world and decisions made here have an impact right around the globe. and so here at al jazeera,
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we will show you the true impact of those decisions on people and how it affects their everyday life. we are free to put them on air and to really engage both ways . because we know that all ordinances interested, not just in the mainstream news, but also the more hidden stories from parts of the world that often go under reported, ah, accused of crimes against humanity. a draft report says that brazil's president should face criminal charges pres, handling of covent 19, ah, around call this out, is there a light from doug also coming up? yes, president joe biden says he's concerned off to report said china.

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