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tv   [untitled]    October 20, 2021 8:30pm-9:01pm AST

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absolutely say anywhere the most is going on and thus certainly person the, some of us as of, as the all south. and even from the summit of the ice, gaffer over 3000 meters that melt happening in that water has to go somewhere here in the arctic, the old and the new. and now side by side. the future for both in these changing times. it's hard to discern what is certain, is the wonder in the power of the natural world and the real and present danger created by upsetting its balance. mcclark al jazeera, classic greenland. ah . hello, there. this is al jazeera and these are the headlines. and brazilian senate committee has recommended the president viable scenario, be charged with crimes against humanity and his handling of the coven. 19 pandemic, and accusing balls narrow of pushing, brazil's death told to the world's 2nd highest mechanic f. has more from one is aries. the next step from this inquiry is that it will be submitted to
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a vote. this sir, this document that has all these charges against the, the president. it will be submitted to a vote on the 26th of october. it will be approved, but then it will be sent to the attorney general of brazil who was appointed by ball so narrow has been citing with the government ah, now, but the fact is what the senator said or my disease is that the attorney general has 30 days to give an answer to why he will not accept the charges if he doesn't. and he has to explain himself and they will pursue other venues. they're going to try an, an, an dar go to the supreme court and also to the international court in the hague. now, the taliban says it needs international recognition to ease afghanistan's humanitarian crisis. representatives were speaking in moscow after an international conference
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there with regional powers, including china, india, and pakistan. and comes after russia said the group would have to uphold a basic standard of human rights in order to get recognition. the taliban also promised to address ongoing security concerns. at least 14 people have been killed in an explosion in the syrian capital and the worst attack and damascus in years. 2 bombs went off on an omnibus. the man accused of killing 17 people at a florida high school in 2018 has pleaded guilty in court. nicholas cruz was expelled from audrey stoneman, douglas high school days before the shooting, and the jury will now decide whether he should be executed or sentenced to life in prison. a haitian gang that kidnapped members of a us based christian missionary group is demanding a $1000000.00 for each person. 16 americans and one canadian were taken while returning to puerto prince from an orphanage just east of the capital. although the
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headlines i'll be back with the news, i hear auster inside story day, stay with us. ah. a criminal gang and haiti has abducted 17 american and canadian missionaries. the case highlights the lawlessness and chaos in one of the world's poorest countries. so will this for international action to help patient officials bring control? this is inside story. ah
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hello and welcome to the program. i'm how much of jewel $1000000.00 for each hostage. that's the ransom demanded by a criminal gang in haiti for the release of 16 americans and a canadian, abducted near port a prince last saturday. the youngest hostage is just 8 months old. it's the latest in an increasingly violent wave of kidnappings in haiti, and as drawn international attention to the instability which has worsened since the assassination of president juvenile moyse. in july, he has lurched from crisis to crisis from natural disasters to lawlessness and poverty. will bring in our guests in a moment. first this report for many while were apollo in puerto france. ah, protests and hades capitol, puerto prince. ah, demonstrators chanted liberation as they marched on the streets, just north of the city. calling for the release of christian missionaries, his brothers as be made for the americans, that he could not in the calm summer him because they could not them because of them we can do everything. they failed,
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their school site abuse. so they do everything possible. now right now, he's not in there with big he's not there. the kidnappers are demanding $17000000.00 in exchange for 17 hostages, which include 5 children, the abduction of the aid workers, one of whom is canadian, is the largest of its kind in recent years. ah, we on tuesday, you a secretary of state antony, blinking, told reporters washington is doing everything it can people, ah, we have in the administration. ah, been relentlessly focused on, on this, including a sending a team to haiti from the state department in constant communication with the vacation national police. the church of the missionaries ha, belong to as well as to the, the haitian government. following the assassination of haitian president of nell
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marie's in july and then a devastating earthquake in august. crimes like kidnappings, extortion and violent attacks have intensified. ah, more than $600.00 abductions were reported in the 1st 3 quarters of this year. though a joint effort by u. s. and haitian authorities continues issues like the worsening security situation. widespread fuel shortages, a lack of clear government leadership and growing social on rest, are proving to be major obstacles against efforts to free those kidnapped mental capital al jazeera, puerto prince, haiti has the world's highest number of kidnappings, per person. and abductions, have surged 300 per cent since july. there have been at least $628.00 kidnapping since january, compared with $231.00 in the same period last year. the $400.00 my was a gang is believed to be behind nearly 80 percent of the abductions. in the past 3 months, the group kidnapped 10 people, including members of the catholic church in april. and it's been growing in
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strength for the past 3 years. it now has nearly 150 members. ah. all right, the spring and our guests in washington d. c. eugenia charles, a commentator and executive director at fund i see on my poo, which promotes haitian culture education and human rights in doha francois g. e on the 2nd ambassador of haiti to other also in washington dc. jake johnston, senior research associate at the center for economic and policy research. a warm welcome to you all. and thanks for being with us today on inside story abbas regina, there's been this huge surge in the number of kidnappings in haiti from last year to this year. and just in the past few months, why have kidnappings become so frequent there? what are the factors that have led to this? well, 1st of all, mohammed thank you for inviting me to inside storage. and i'd like to start off for sy, expressing my heartfelt sentimental facility id to the families that are
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impacted by this horrible ash as this is as it is for all the asian families. and this happens a traumatizing that and it is not just a mom who door must be problem to make sure all to shoot people. oh yeah, this is really a prom ish. one obviously is a security issue. and the other one is a social on each in terms of security. we have to bear in mind that shady for the better part of the last 20 years has had a international militarize force under the office of the united nations. now for the most part, there are the united nation supported variation government in stabilizing 80 years of stability in the past. what also the prop our haitian national lease.
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now that military president, that you are going to present, ended in 2017 and it was supposed to be handed over to the haitian national lease to take over and secure the entire nation. now my, one of the reasons why we have to have work from the international community because our army, our minister was we spend it in 1995. there is a national lease, was led by itself to really into talking 17 to secure the entire mission. as the robberies, heading robes, everybody's realizing that our national police needs additional resources, new additional support, but also support from perhaps another fcc that would give that the swiss is presence of criminals. so this is one of the other. so show economy issue is the fact that was a bigger issue and it is we just found that katy
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of the h s box. what i call the x box is no human there syndrome. bostic is our issue box. we need to have our international partners, the more mindful of the need for investment and market capital. find this because he cannot be constructed, which you may not human monetary and would be calling you my, my, we are very brief. so all partners in times of you might need, especially now in order for have to have sustainable, equitable economy development. we need to have a mindset shift on the part partners and health was permitted shops because those young men and women that are joining games right now. are young men and women that
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have dreams and that want to be able to work and they need to find and i'll try to to, to women not to, to, to you, jenny charles, let me ask you how much territory exactly do gangs control in haiti? right now and what exactly do we know about this gang that's reported to have abducted the missionaries? i believe the name is 400. my was i will be. ready in the whatever. okay, yeah, and all of you got here, but not a few months ago, last year when the move a and he's in a few branches in the moods with
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a different day monitoring for them. what's going on in the community? i think a. ready got on the i hope that the of what you need to also understand that a, [000:00:00;00] a, if we buy buy a
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sheet, if you call the response that you begin to watch, i believe we are a little bit after 17 years when a time even in which he to the us government has the ability to go into the jake johnson, a moment ago ambassador. beyond was talking about how he believed that the, the concept of international aid, when it comes to haiti, really needs to be rethought. now i want to ask you about this because you've written before about this. you've talked about how haiti has become, i believe your term is an aide state, meaning that haiti has continued essentially to go on by getting billions of dollars from the international community. but that hasn't really help the situation, it's further complicated that could you expound on that?
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yeah, sure thing. i mean, i think, you know, the best we're talking about this is also a socio economic issue. right. and you know, we're looking at the root causes of this sort of insecurity. it's the total absence of the state from huge parts of the country, the lack of opportunities that exist for people in haiti. and so when we're talking about that, we have to talk about the role of the international community and the role of foreign aid. and this has been a pattern we've seen over many decades where traditional forms of assistance have actually hollowed out the state and undermine the ability of the state to provide for its citizens to be present and citizens lives. which i think is hugely important factor in sort of explaining all of this, but also goes to what eugene was just saying around the need for asians to sort of take their own destiny into their hands. and that also involves the role of the international community and choosing haiti's leaders and over throwing haiti's leaders and, and not allowing a sovereign democratic process take place, which also undermines the government right. and contributes to this. and so i think, you know, moving forward, those,
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those are going to be hugely important things to look as is this not just an issue for patients already in haiti, but also the role of the international community, specifically united states and best there has been discussion in international circles over the course of the last couple of months about the possibility of perhaps another peacekeeping mission returning to haiti, this is an idea that seems to be floated in diplomatic circles. do you think that that's something that would be acceptable to the government and to the people of haiti at this point to the people? it's so for haitian people, and i think miss charles, just as we would really like to be able to have our own best and, and on hands we would rather have the support of the international community help us with force our police force and also our army that can
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also help in terms of dissuade exports because the power of the sweetness is incredible. they don't have to necessarily be actful on every mission or the mere fact that they are there is important. it hasn't been so for the, for the entirety of our history. 80 was born out of the lucian, of armies to get our independence. so i know that the united nations mission has renewed it's mandates. and within that mandate, there is a language about supporting variation and helping a t support itself in terms of government and security. we are hoping that some of those initiatives that we just spoke about about the reinforcing the lease and we were forcing other security are just stuck with us would be part of that.
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eugenia charles haiti was already faced with a very precarious security situation even before the assassination of president. always. how much worse? how much more has deteriorated since he was assassinated? yeah, this was a notice in the united nation have under 80000 in during our residential assets on the 17. ready year every time they're going to be in your sessions for many of the un mission you need to take wednesday are always increasing security issues. and then a lot of it in a. ready 70 year, nothing has been done to help
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a raise the federation of the call. so after 17 years, billions of dollars have been spent in being in the nation. we do not want that out of worse than the one before the human rights situation has become deplorable. a country in the nation, they are not assisting with government a
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continue to maintain control. i need to move forward with a mouse, but we only get people coming in come to a solution. so they're going to need to be my a b situation with a, with i have them accountable at the same time a that is coming from the united states. and we need to be able to look at the challenges that i deal with the institute when we can,
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and then with johnston, you know, this is in the news right now because you have many americans and one canadian who were kidnapped. but this is a daily reality for haitians. is it not this issue of kidnapping? i mean, more and more haitians have to deal with this reality every single day, correct? yeah, of course. and how to be there for i think. sorry, go ahead. i'll go for. well, i just want to pick up on this, this idea of international security assistance, right? and i think, you know, regardless of whether, you know, this is not an issue that's solely going to be resolved through security. whether it's, you know, a new multinational force or even support to the police. and when you talk about what's happened over the last number of decades, you see billions of dollars spent by the u. n. in the us to train the national police. and you know, it's a bit insane to think that more money going to the haitian national police alone is going to solve this problem. and to get your genius mentioning,
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you have to get to the sort of roots of the problem here, which is that these are not necessarily independent actors. you know, arm groups have political patrons, they've got private sector page and they get their guns from somewhere going after these networks of support. you know, would be a far more effective way than simply, you know, funneling more resources into a police institution, which itself has been part of the problem right into that. that's exactly the issue here. we've had a police force that's been politicized, and still receiving millions of dollars in the national community. that model has failed. and jake, just to follow up with you, how big of a problem is guns coming in from america? oh, it's a huge problem. i think there is very little data, but i think it's pretty clear that the vast majority of weapons that are entering haiti are like becoming from the united states. we've been a number of cases, but again, control of the ports. and i think when you're looking at what the international do, what the us can do, enforce its own laws, right? like using a stand crack on the arms trafficking, investigate the financial type, whereas all this money going, what about the private sector actors?
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you all have assets in the us that are funny money and giving money to these things to carry out some of this activity. so looking at those areas and holding people actually accountable, you know, i think could be a far more effective approach. ambassador jake johnson just alluded to this about the billions of dollars that have come in in 8 to haiti. we're not more than $13000000000.00 of a that's flowed into haiti since 2010 since the earthquake in 2010. but there has been so little development to show for this. in the meantime, you have the police force that many say is weaker than the gangs. you have a government that's in a very we can state why is this the case and what can be done to turn things around while mom i want to keep in mind that out of the 13000000000 ledges it's not actually been and that was the 1st of the back can be in the ledges after the earthquake are minority or very small percentage was
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to was given to the asians often met our artists to win for the past. the majority of it was too much needed to monitor shelter and smoother and medicine . but we're not going to hashed out all the mistakes that were done after the 1st grade, but there was quite a bit of duplication of of n g o is not needed to be done. the government had very clear construction plan and it was very seldom taken into account by both donors and engineers when dispersing funds. so again, i'm going back to our security or if we had an internal security that would be better able to control our borders. that's the influence of legal arms would be per pills. and i'd like to bring up another leave decision on certain factions. there was a know as
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a box the brenda was box was open in terms of the decision politicized of criminal criminal activities. and it's been opened in a period where there are some little cleavages that are being mended, having been trying been managed for years. and all of this in the context of a olympic call environment that hasn't been con, just the resolve in those political cavities. so when you have the, when it is 5 years of, of criminal activity that ultimately led to the submission of the city president. now you have the only force that with all these efforts is not really to fully take care of the problem currently at hand. then we really need to with the
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bank, how we invest the owners of dollars. and we need to, most of all, we need to listen to haitian people, whether it's the haitian government or the haitian people that are telling international boomers this is what we need when we say this is what it is. because we have 1st hand experience and knowledge of the market. so i hope that is the same mistake. i wonder public sector is the 1st thing that you need to be picking it in your tenure. charles, you heard about ricky on there talking about the political situation in haiti. let me ask you about the political environment in the country. just how volatile does it remain and are the police, they're completely powerless at this point. a citizen, no one
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a 2nd . the citizen, a kind of situation in terms of the police, we understand a crew that individual. so really how can we be stuck with when our police director can be selected by the issue. now when you have a police record here, they are responsible to response to what happened to me with
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a security we there if you. ready go to the citizens one on a regular basis. so the government a lisa, this is with the resources and we are a all right, we have run out of time, so we're going to have to leave the conversation there. thanks so much to all of our guests. eugenia charles and besser francois on the 2nd and jake johnson, and thank you to for watching. you can see the program again any time by visiting our website at 0 dot com. and for further discussion,
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go to our facebook page. that's facebook dot com, forward slash ha, inside story. you can also join the conversation on twitter handle is at ha, inside story for me, how much am jerome and the whole team here, bye for now? ah ah. in the country with an abundance of resources red already won indonesia, his friends for me, we moved full to grow and frock. we balance the green economy,
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for his handling of coven. 19. the taliban calls for global recognition to overcome its challenges at the 1st international conference on afghanistan. since i took

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