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tv   [untitled]    October 18, 2021 7:30pm-8:01pm AST

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emma, like if i die in ethiopia, film exploring cut a plant containing stimulants. the mouse production of movies has created renewed enthusiasm with once abandon cinemas, re opening their doors, so spectators can see their stories being brought to life on the big screen. nicholas hawk al jazeera. why do go ah, claire again, i'm fully betty bought in doha, with the headlines on al jazeera, collin powell, one of the leading figures of american military and foreign policy for nearly 2 decades has died at the age of 84. his family confirmed the new saying power died from cove in 19 complications. he was a 1st blank american de servers, both secretary of state and as a country stamp general. a few minutes ago the current u. s. secretary of state antony blank in pay tribute to pow surgery. pow was simply
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incompletely a leader and he knew how to build a strong and united team. he treated people the way he expected them to treat each other. and he made sure that they knew he would always have their back. the result was that his people would walk through walls for him. russia as clothing nato's permanent mission in moscow. the movies in response to the expulsion of half of russia's mission to the western military alliance nearly 2 weeks ago. it's also closing all other nato related missions. natal accused the members of being undeclared russian spies at least 35 people have died because of floods in land flies, triggered by heavy rain in 7 india. thousands of people have been relocated. he feels he is military is denying, carrying out as trikes in the northern to drive region. local hospital officials say 3 people were killed in the attacks on mckelly, the regional capital, a television station which is controlled by the gray people's liberation front,
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also reported the strikes in sudan, thousands of people have been holding a city in protest in front of the presidential palace in cartoon, they are demanding prime minister del hum dock. step down to say he's economic policies have negatively affected their living conditions. china's economic growth is slowing as its post. pandemic recovery loses momentum. the world's 2nd largest economy grew by 4.9 percent in the 3rd quarter as the weakest figure in a year. and a special session of the u. k. parliament has been held to pay tribute to david amos following the conservative m. p. steph, on friday, embers of parliament began with a minute silence for the colleague who was soft to death, while meeting members of the public in a church hole. those are the headlines on al jazeera. i'll be back with more news right after counting the cost. stay with us. ah
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ah, i hello, i'm fully back to bo, this is counting the cost on al jazeera, your weekly look at the world of business and economics this week. the battle for in for wednesday in latin america, after seating ground to china on the diplomatic and economic front, the united states seeks to wind brackets neighbors with billions of dollars in new investments. we explain how. also this week, the pandemic can find many students to their homes. those lucky enough were able to go online to continue studying. we look at one of the biggest winners from the
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pandemic online learning, or as silicon valley. nice to call it, edge tech. and the afghans was saying, put as economy crumbles around them for this soft drinks maker. it's business as usual. but at what cost? ah, china has use, it's $1.00 trillion dollar belt and road initiative to expanded secret amik and diplomatic ties worldwide. and now leads to world in trade with africa, parts of asia and latin america, a region which united states has long regarded as its backyards. over the years, china's ties with latin america and the caribbean has paid dividends. total trade increased from almost $18000000000.00 in 2002 to almost $300.00. 16000000000 in 20 . 19, in 2020, beijing's in ports amounted to 100. $65000000000.00, mostly of copper, minerals and meet from 2005 to 2020 china invested
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a $136000000000.00 in latin america with energy projects attracting 57 percent of the investment mining received 27 percent and chinese banks have become huge lenders to the region between 252020, they loan to more than a 137000000000 nevertheless. so low. the u. s. remains latin america's top investor concerns. i've been raised in washington about b james influence. well, let's get some analysis now with him in our blanco who's research director and head of america's risk insights at various maple craft. and she's joining us from under lucia in spain. haman a very good to have you with us on the show. so how exactly will washington county china? well, i mean, it's interesting the proposition that washington can counter china name for structure, but also including principles, right? because washington's investment is not just for building roads and bridges or
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dredging ports, it has to do with, you know, advancing gender equality and digitalization and, and lowering and equality in the region. but washington has a lot of baggage than china dawson. and so for me, the key question is to see how the bite and administration is able to implement these policies and whether it will be able to compete with china on infrastructure or whether this will remain an ideological battle ground. and certain governments in the region will choose china because of the ease of access to finance and delivering large infrastructure projects. and others will choose washington because of their commitment to western principles that are coming from the white house. what about the, their interests? i mean, washington's interest could be boiled down to security issues. the war on drugs of horse and backing right wing governments. am i being too harsh by saying that those,
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those are really the issues that they want to focus on? well, i'm not sure if it's only the issues they want to focus on, but that will certainly be the criticism coming from you know, latin american, a left wing parties and governments which have been in the ascendancy in recent years. so actually if, if we look at where the deputy national security adviser for internationally con, i'm mixing went during his recent visit to the region. he chose 3 destinations very close to washington. it was columbia ecuador, and panama. right? and so clearly, you know, these ideological link and, and common perspective on the world has a lot to play in this competition right now. the trump admin ration viewed china's engagement in the region with more suspicion in 2017, that national security strategy stated that china is seeking to port the region into its orbit through a set laid fate lead investments and loans and express concern about china's
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support. for what they call the dictatorship in venezuela. is that a fair assessment? i mean, of course china has had relationships with venezuela, which are, you know, of a very, you know, valid to criticize because of, you know, the human rights violations in venezuela. and so, but i think that's just looking at a very narrow focus, right? china has been expanding across the entire region. it's now the top trading partner of all main economies in south america. and it's gone well beyond those initial loans that it was given to venezuela for oil, or even to ecuador. and it's delivering significant investment in agriculture, in telecommunications, and an infrastructure which are all areas that the region needs to develop significantly. so, and particularly in the post pandemic recovery. so what do you think are ultimately is, is china's objective in the region. the u. s. southern command has warned,
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china is seeking to establish global logistics and basing ins for us infrastructure in our hemisphere in order to project and sustain military power at greater distances. did you agree with that? i think china strategy in the region goes beyond, or it's not just about military strength. of course, it's about, you know, this geopolitical chess game where it's challenging the united states in its own back yard, a backyard that the united states left vacant for the last 20 years as it focused in the middle east. but it's also about securing strategic resources for china. ah, not just because of food, right. agriculture. and for example, pork meat are a sizable exports from south to china, but also securing access to raw materials like minerals needed in the energy transition. we're talking about here about lithium and copper, but also hydrocarbons. so it's not just about staging a military presence,
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but it's about securing china strategic future and, and do you think china her as china's economic ties have wanted any, any diplomatic influence in the region? of course, and also, i mean china, you know, has a very professional diplomatic service with a strong presence. and in fact, if we turn that on its head and we look at, you know, the bite and administration has yet to confirm ambassadors to the region. and so even on this a diplomatic front, china is presenting a much a stable and united front as it were, than after the change of administration at washington were no waiting to see had you been have some countries, for example, on the issue of recognizing taiwan has some countries clearly indicated that they're taking st. china's side well, i mean, they have done right. there was china's initial, a strategy or goal when it,
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it started developing relations with the region more strongly in the late 19 ninety's, early 2, thousands. what was to secure that switch, and it has managed it across a number of economies. that was more of the, you know, the, the political move, and then it became an economic move with loan, some financing. and then it grew into direct investment and the growing presence of chinese companies in the region. so the, the record of the last 2 decades has been one of growing chinese goals as it accomplished its previous you know, it previous strategy came in a, talked there about loans in financing. and, and we all know that when it comes to china and loans in financing also involved is the issue of debt. of course, as we've seen in countries lectured on k and so on. and a recent congressional reports suggested that some countries in the region have a mass and sustainable levels of debt owed to china and have become dependent upon commodities export. so china, so do you see, you know, that a scenario like,
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you know, that the one that happened into lanka, for example, the country owing huge amounts of money to china, also being replicated in the region. i mean, we already have the, you know, an example in the case of venezuela. i mean that is the, the most clear example. and there is another challenge here, right in the united states is trying to compete with china financing. the west a has a lot of strings attached to its financing and has shallower pockets than beijing. so if we're thinking about, you know, a principles of sustainable financing than the west applies and china does not than that is another challenge to, to be china in, at its game. but of course, for some administrations in latin america being able to bypass those western standards and access cash readily available ball from beijing is a very good short term when, particularly as they head into elections in the aftermath of the pandemic. and they
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need cache to splash unsecure boats. i wanna thank you so much for your insight. it was really very good to hear your thoughts on this issue came in a blanket is from various maple crafts, joining us from spain. thank you for being on counting the cost. thank you. ah, have danny sans industries are being squeezed because of banking restrictions and chosen assets? some multinational companies are trying to keep their employees on and continue with production. but as osama bin jarvis reports from cobble staying afloat during an economic crunch is not easy. it's 6 30 am in cobble. and the morning shift is ready to begin the day. a multi layered securities needed at the largest burbridge production plant in afghanistan. career success story, we began its carpet and t trade more than a century ago. and now his presence in $46.00 countries, we've, carbonated green,
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folk, ported to the mid leaf infant measure that one's family own firm is a multi $1000000000.00 and $2.00 price. it's a household brandon of learned fun, and the workers take pride in maintaining the quality of their product. but since the balaban took over, the revenues and production have been effected, it's most drawn by young, are found professionals out 2000 employees and afghanistan. many have chosen not to leave their country after foreign forces pulled out. i have decided enough on a storm and i have to serve the nation and serve her, my soil and my country. that's the biggest reason i harvested. being in of harnessed on is more just about profit being in of honest on as a, to provide services for white products and to contribute to the economy of the country. for this company has been able to survive the tumult economy lodge v.
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because if headquarters is not in the gun fun, even during the economic price, this factory continues to produce $72000.00 tons of energy ring for our. but this is an exception because the right economy of apply the sun is suffering and people cannot buy is what is that? what do you think? the construction industry, for example, is at a standstill. since contractors, agencies, and people in general have no real access to cash was to equipment has moved from yards. how do you select the and says used to send labor and equipment all over the country. now he's laid off 12 employees. they all mash kiln nestor, the se, in this month. there isn't any work for us. banks are closed and i had to pay salaries. and how can i manage with only $200.00 a week from the bank florida letter? my request of these la mic emerett is to stress on the banks to resume services that are about 200 to 300 construction companies here. they've all shut down and
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the staff had been sent home. but as the sunsets on the stationary construction equipment, evening shift has started work in another part of cobble workers here, sir taliban fighters have not come to the company or made any demands, although many are very of the economic crisis is here to improve security means they do not have to worry about being robbed or killed on their way home. they are hopeful their factory will continue its operation and in return attract investors to help revive the economy. now the pandemic is re shaping the way we work with many employees, choosing to open up their laptops and a kitchen counter all home office if they're lucky enough. but it's also redefining the education industry. and surprisingly, there's been a book many so called at tech industry globally. last year, investors put $2200000000.00 into at tech companies. according to ed search. and data from pitchbook shows the 1st half of this year has already surpassed that
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reaching 3600000000. but monetizing at tech apps has proven to be extremely difficult even for the best at tech apps like door lingo. you can make a fun, great learning app, but not everyone will want to pay for it. and in china, authorities have cranked down on after school tuition, wiping out a $100000000000.00 industry because it was becoming too expensive for parents. while the growing cost of materials is driving an increasing number of students to piracy, in march of 2021 alone, a 195000000 people visited educational piracy sites. with over $1000000000.00 publications downloaded illegally each year. some publishers say their revenues are being hit by as much as 23 percent. so it is clearly a problem and something needs to change. and the person making that change is go to yvonne molder and ceo at at take her legal was joining us live from london. thank you so much. go to you for being on counting the cost. it's good to have you. so
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educational piracy is obviously a huge issue, but the bank of mom and dad doesn't have an endless stream of money. so how exactly does your venture work? yes, so a plague was bills out of her crystal payments. my, which was very expensive, price of texas. i'm not going even if you don't see that was $200.00. i re to just book and abused again. and it was really interesting. i've seen that my friends, my kids, all students say, oh, so what we've done is we build a company which is on a mission to make education on most escal insurance. we help piper publishers for cooper, revenue, lawson, 2nd handbook model, piracy through convenience. and for students, they get a sample space where they can find all their call letting to for the promise of a single book. so as hybrid a learning the new reality then now i think it's very much so using analogy to maybe remote work in the early days when i try to 900 stuff. it was a bit awkward for us to you know,
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what for me. and i think very much the same will happen him a using on, you know, look at lego and like 19 we saw huge acceleration tools digital. but in terms of the publishers, so many more publishers gave us full collections. and it was really interesting. and the other side faculty, students, institutions, became a whole proctor of using a digital product in their learning mix. but, but go to a, do you think that students who pay thousands of dollars in for in person tuition would, would we would be willing to accept blended learning? i mean, many fails. short changed by the whole experience. yes, it's a great question and i think ultimately, yes, some students might feel of it will change, but overrule by providing convenience by providing an accessibility and also by being more affordable, the total student population a great to chance to learning. right. you know, if i was to think about it, stay maybe textbooks are allowed to be, are access by the privilege fee. well,
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by providing a glow, which is affordable, a one no matter where you all could access their learning content. but do you think online learning can really ensure global equity? i mean, if you take a look at the example of china, for example, at the authorities, they have decided at that additional after school learning is putting too much financial pressure on, on parents. so how do you deal with that aspect? yeah, just just to show, you know, was right, the global education industry is a $1.00 trillion dollar industry. and what's really interesting is today only 4 percent of that stitched. so yes, you know, you might have seen the recent use of china coming down. ultimately it's on a subset, right? it's from 2 to platforms, homes, and exam for platforms. but it's a huge, huge industry globally, which is still very much right for disruption in a multiple grid from the digital things. but it's the case that, you know, wealthy parents are, of course able to get exit tutoring support for their children. but,
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but for low income families, the outcomes very often and not so good. i completely agree. and, and you know, that's why ha, ha, we're in emissions, make sure it gets the same joss demoss where you on the world of new, massive your background. right. and what about bridging the, the technology gap? i mean technology can be isolating. of course, how, how do you overcome that? yeah, so i get it to share some numbers. roy education is at tech industries in its infancy . last year, total of $6000000000.00 was invest center education companies. this year it's already a $13000000000.00 unexpected to close at 16. been in and you're completely wrong. some people might not have access to lots of incident. i truly believe that by being digital you can drive whole excess ability across industry. so for example, with the lego, we'll play good lines. oh, we also last chance to download the boat offline. so i think on the country digital here is to help bridge deka miles. sounds exciting indeed. best of luck on your
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venture. go t van mulder and ceo of at take prego joining us there from london. thank you very much for your time. we appreciate it. thank you for your italy. 75 year old national airline will close for good. it'll be replaced by a small estate owned carrier called ita. the italian government has invested more than a $1000000000.00 in hopes to avoid the financial turbulence that dragged down at italia. but the old carrie is staff are wandering where they'll fit in as adam rainy explains from rope riding to protest. that's how i'll tell your flight attendant angela madina now spends her days after 11 years in the skies. when the new airlines had to replace flag carrier, alitalia launches on october 15th it's unclear from, you know, we'll have a job the day before speaking to us. she had just returned from working a long hall flight. when i left her yours, we're taken off. i felt that was the last time it could be the last time my last
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flight was a really hard time. 11000. i'll tell you, employees are set to lose their jobs. trade unions are trying to pressure you to hire the majority of them back with plans to fly fewer routes. ita has said it will hire $2800.00 workers when they launch in another 3000 next year. alessandra amelia is worried. you can go in an office and say go, bonnie, i'm a tried to say okay, very nice, but what we can do, we do nothing. the workers also want to keep wages at the same level, unlikely since the european commission rule this month. that eater is distinct from alex, how you hence not bound by its contracts. that also means eater isn't on the hook for 900000000 euros and a legal state support. alex,
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how you received for decades. i'll. italia, has defined travel to italy. even popes relied on the carrier to reach their far flung flock. the brand has also come to symbolize huge losses from 2000 to 2020. they never close a balance sheet that is positive. so the account every year, the money. so that's not a good predictor that will do any better. yes, sadly, despite its subtle past either sees real value in the brand name. al italian is willing to spend big money on it because they realize the name is synonymous with italy itself. and they put in a bid, perhaps topping more than 200000000 euros for the rights to that name. some aviation experts question, the whole idea of a flag carrier. if i was in a tenure, as i said, if i wasn't a tenant tech, i or i would think that in i might be, we can spend money on bit of things. do we do? we made an italian male on, in, in modern europe. what once upon a time,
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perhaps when aiden, a tang and a lot because otherwise known with flood or on really you telling me that not a philosophy shared by the government. indeed, italy is bedding on the new airline, backing it with more than 1300000000 euros and state funds. the hope is that eater, perhaps just a reborn, al italia will find its wings and take off financially. people in western argentina have noticed the ground shaking beneath and much more over the last year. more than 200 earthquakes have been reported in that time. geologists blame them on fracking . theresa boring for some sawzall, benito in new can province. in southwestern argentina, it's one of the largest shale oil and gas we serves in the world that commodities located in argentina, but the only a region, it covers an area of over 30000 square kilometers and extraction companies have invested heavily in exploiting it. we send this on the while has been living in the
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regional town of south sullivan. you don't want his life. he says, well, he's glad of the new economy opportunities brought by the companies. there we so so a downside earthquakes, the key comes from william into has rarely, these are not natural movements. i never felt before. i felt for very strong shakes that broke my house. the house started to shake for a few seconds. we all looked at each other and then it start. increasingly, locals are blaming the practice of fracking for this is make activity. fracking uses thousands of liters of water and sand that are injected in the soil at high pressure to push out the oil and gas. scientists continue to debate whether the practice can provoke earthquakes. although a recent study in argentina says, there is a direct link between fracking and sysmic activity right across this river. there is at least 90 sites where oil and gas are being extracted using fracking. people
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living in the area say that the fis mc activity here began when oil company started operating in this area, there's reports of at least 36 small earthquake of happening in just one weekend. to release her go within this house has several cracks because of the tremors. he says he's hoping authorities will help him and his neighbors fortify their homes for what is likely to become a regular thing. yeah, not any. i'm only this is we're not denying. there is an increase in activity. the importance is how strong the earthquakes are and how to prepare the population. we need to know who is doing it and how and where the population is. we to sit down at the same table and plan how it's going to be done. but almost everyone agrees. argentina's economy struggling and promoting oil and gas extraction is crucial to helping the country recovery. yet the filter wrote
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a fairly figure when people like roberto are concerned. he's a member of the my paul chain diginero community and is worried about his children's future monitoring proposal will not go through over sushi wells that have been marked in our territory. they now working on the other side, but imagine what it's going to be like when they come over here. i didn't in as government is pushing to increase oil and gas production and hoping to increase invest. and in back um, what about communities in the area are hoping their interests will be considered to and that is our show for this week. get in touch with us, my tweeting, meet volleyball at a g e, and do use the hash tag, ha, ctc. when you do or drop us an email, counting the cost, i apologize, 0 dot net is our address is more for you online that al jazeera dot. com slash ctc . that'll take you straight to our page, which has in tie episode for you to catch up on. i'm fully betty bo,
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from me and the whole counting the cost team. thank you for watching. the news on al jazeera is next ah in the country with an abundance of resources trade, already won indonesia, his firms forming. we moved full to grow and frock. we balance for rena economy, blue economy, and the digital economy. with the new job creation law, indonesia is progressively ensuring the policy reform to create quality jobs invest . let's be part when the lease is growth and progress invest in the new year. now
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we understand the differences and similarities of cultures across the world. so no matter how you take it will bring you the news and current affairs that matter to you. ah, i trail blazer and trusted advisor to several u. s. president column power. the 1st black secretary of state as died ah, play you're watching al jazeera alive from do how with me fully back table also ahead. flooding and landslides, head, southern india. after heavy rains, dozens are killed and more bad weather is on the way. protestors page i city and outside dance presidential palace demanding the prime.

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