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tv   [untitled]    October 18, 2021 2:30pm-3:01pm AST

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foreign clients willing to pay high prices for wool and silk rugs and carpets muscular in any you. i mean problems at the borders which are closed and also the banks. so we can't export and we have no cash to pay providers. for now though, no one is showing up at his shop, he hopes the borders will soon open, so he can begin exporting again. but until then, said, has no option, but to continue admiring his artworks and the many stories detail about the old and young man and women who toiled for months and years to make them ash, omar, but al jazeera mazata sheriff. ah, it is good to have you with us. hello, adrian. so they get here and go ha, the headlines and al jazeera, at least 27 people have di, due to flooding and landslides triggered by heavy rain in southern india, the army and navy,
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a carrying out rescue operations. thousands of people have had to be relocated on the zeros elizabeth veronica as more now from one of the worst hit areas. what's happening behind as ativa and is national disaster response. a trying to play with lighter than very large trees which were uprooted. this is so important to do because the rain had eased on monday and that means that teams from the disaster response that over the army maybe are able to do as much as possible the for more heavy rains which are expected the char predicted for wednesday. china, us economic growth is slowing as its post. pandemic recovery loses momentum. the world's largest, 2nd largest economy, grew by 4.9 percent in the 3rd quarter. that's the weakest figure in a year. the economy has been under pressure from a slow down in construction power shortages and the impact of tied to regulations, but exports and services remain strong. man,
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last military john to leader has rejected demands made by se asia regional block to comply with its plan for a political transition. he's promising to release thousands of protest as though who've been detained since the military coup in february. asked strikes on the capital of northern ethiopia to grad region, have injured several people. the strikes on the kelly of the latest and fighting between government forces and to grow people's liberation front rebels. thousands of people in sudan are holding a city in protest in front of the presidential palace and cartoon that demanding that prime minister, abdullah ham doc stepped down just to say that his economic policies that negatively affected that living conditions that have been demonstrations in venezuela's capital crocker's calling for the release of an envoy of president nicholas medina who was expedited to the u. s. from cut that that he's continues here on al jazeera, a little over 25 minutes after the latest addition of the planet s o s. i'll see
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again my for them ah ah, never before in human history has the once pristine environments of the arctic been in such peril on the clock and we are here in greenland to discover what those epic changes mean, not just a here, but to the rest of the well with caught 26 the you and climate summit just weeks away. we visited a remote community struggling with the challenges of
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a warming climate. we'll find out how nuclear waste from a 19 fifties u. s. military base is in danger of being exposed by the retreating ice cup and explore the debate of agreements rich results of rarest metals that a critical for kava mutual future time changes. and a little more conversation about climate change, please, the nasa scientists who's got a novel approach to getting his message across the door. mm. we're here on the wild. busy remote east coast to greenland, to me this is nature at his most imposing. we've knows the way up the johan peterson field is one of thousands of fields and inlets that stretch way beyond the arctic circle. and that is the greenland ice cap. and we're here because the arctic is changing, and this year is changing faster than ever. events never seen before,
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made headlines across the world. the ice cap melted at a record rate, the water it created in 24 hours enough to entirely cover an area. the size of florida in 5 centimeters of water. great chunks of the icy collapsed and drifted off into the open ocean. and it's been so warm, there's been rain, not snow on the summit for the 1st time on record. but what does it mean? why does it matter? and what is what happens on the ice sheet had global implications, where the ice capsule part of the plan is natural system and that system has been breaking down. we use this iceberg as a kind of canvas and put a map of europe on top of it and then super imposed greenland. you can see what a colossal land mass it is. and then if we put the ice cap on top of that, well as the vast, it's more than a 1000 kilometers from east to west and moving to 1000 kilometers from north to south. it is colossal and it is retreating. in fact,
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the amount of water that pulls off this ice cap every summer is responsible for more than 25 percent of global sea level rise over the last few decades. and it's also responsible for impacting crucial ocean currents. we all take welding twice as fast as the rest of the world, and that's having a profound effect at the local level. well, communities that live along the edge of the ice cap, the village of coolness hook is remotes wild and still in touch with the old ways. ah, just 200 people live here. even so it's one of the larger communities on the thinly populated, east coast of greenland. sled dogs is out the end of summer iga for the winter snows. humpbacks below is one of the wales species at feast in these rich seas. there to a degree life still depends on the yield of the arctic waters,
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as it has done for thousands of years uses or to work still hunts and fishes for a living. i have a 6 hooks we book to water and return with kitch 6. the fish 6 hope 6 fish return, but things are changing on multiple fronts. after millennia of subsistence living in you, it's are in the middle of a social and cultural transformation as greenland seeks its place in the wide world . and it's happening at precisely the moment. climate change is appending the environment. these anti houses tell a story of a population that's pretty much hopped in 20 years or so. and those that have gone have either moved to the nearest town of chassis i care on the east coast or even further afield to the capital nook on the other side of greenland. and for those that remain, while they live in this warming world of ours, and it's a world that the ancestors which scarcity recognize mountain guide,
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matt spencer has lived among the annuity connoisseur for 20 years. working with tourists, you've come the adventure of the wild. he's seen 1st hand how fast things have changed. i think the curse see that the year and, and the risen the seasons is so important to the people here. in the sense that the ice columns in, in early winter breaks and in early, early, june, usually. and then that's tied in with all the animals arriving near the fish and sales in the whales. when the lowest patterns become kind of messed up. and, and i sent you that, that is the case with people which don't recognize the name of and yet i think the realtor is, is huge challenge for people's way of life. everything is on an epic scale here with 30 meters under the classier. this is driven, so i thought i would fight by mail water in the spring in this gives you a perspective of the enormity of what's going on in the arctic. a
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threat, the case it under the whole glass. yeah, absolutely. say anywhere the males is going on and that's a fairly person this summer because that's obviously all south. and even from the summit of the i separate over 3000 meters that, that mil, happening in that water has to go somewhere across greenland. that's the same story. the cultural and the natural environment to being radically reshaped changing ways that have been sculpted in the frozen north, over thousands of years. here in the arctic, the old and the new anal side by side. the future for both in these changing times is hard to discern what is certain, is the wonder and the power of the natural world. and the real and present danger created by upsetting its balance. the know the lies, of course,
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very much part of the spiritual connection the in you have with the environment and with that environment, continually changing. well, it's a hard transition to make. we spoke to bent ableton who's 58 years old. he's the former mayor of classic and comes from a long line of hunters stretching back hundreds of years. deep in an ice short, the majesty all around belies of frightening truth, bent ableton. this is an uncomfortable reality. before i hear from news shooting and warming, i don't believe him. but no, i she, i sheets quick tick through these icebergs of car, from glasses that are receding fast. and the sea ice in winter is thinner and lost for less time, which means the new it caught use that duck sleds across a few odds like they used to now far fish shortage open. and in winter in winter. before we can go doctor to, to see no,
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no move it changing is share for me. i thing it's quick. it's too quick. it's warm. know ah, the in you, it's have a visceral connection with the land and that connection lives through their sled dogs. but sled dogs need ice in winter and the ice is diminishing. it chair? oh, i can not think upon to it. what can i say may beat cree? she too. i cannot go to hunting my french thought and mother and generations yak polish talk. always talk and hunting. we did talk put in for me. it will be a shared thought. he squealing to pupil. what we do in winter, what can we do in the income?
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for bent the fear is the community will continue to disperse. now meny is leaving because he can see somebody, he can feel something. it's go down, my son shun. where they do my bidding more food thing, mock to move to europe. i know if i go away, no more sheer, no more animals. so if i leave, you can fish ish, i moved in because we're going to go to here movie and we are on our way to see something that really demonstrates greenland lowest on the strategic importance during the cold war, the u. s. a dozens of military bases right across the country. and in places they now presented highly toxic threads. as the ice cap melts,
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we had it for acre tech. hidden away up a fjord on the east coast had made the wonder of the arctic was haul to know what to expect. when we finally made landfall, what we found was jaw dropping. a vast, rusting dump that has been left to slowly decay for 7 decades. ready ready ready during the cold war, american command is ordered that military bases should be built across greenland. in fact, more than 50 were built. now any one remains in the rest. like this one was simply abandoned. amongst it all, more than 200000 aviation fuel drums, many were full when they were left behind, thrusting orange barrels reportedly called american flowers by the local inuit about. they were flowers at leach toxic contents into the soil and waterways. no one knows how much environmental damage they caused code named bleary east to the
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base was actually constructed in the 2nd world war. the continued operation into a time when russia and the united states was standing toe to toe when it was eventually decommissioned, the abandonment was total. you know, this is really quite shocking. you've got to remember that this is in the heart of this pristine wilderness. what is a, a wonderful environment, and yet all of this it's just effectively been dumped here. and if you think this is bad, there's a lot worse on the other side of greenland. for a huge u. s. bass was built into the ice cap and that one was powered by nuclear reactor. ah, on the top a loon below the surface of a giant ice camp, the united states army has established an unprecedented nuclear poet, arctic research center. construction on come century started in 1959 and was completed inside 2 years, housed up to $200.00 men in a network of tunnels who lived pretty much as they would above ground. officially
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a research station. it really was to launch nuclear missiles against the soviet union in the events of war. but it seemed became obvious. the shifting greenland ice sheet made the site dangerously unstable and it was abandoned. in 1967, we contacted the team now continually monitoring the site while we can tell from our eyes penetrating radar survey is the sort of magnitude and spatial distribution of the debris. and we can see, you know, how the tunnels have closed and they've, you know, smushed completely closed. they have no more air space in them. the monitoring must continue because although the nuclear reactor was removed, unknown quantities of radioactive waste plus 200000 liters of diesel were left under the assumption they would be buried forever. but now because of climate change, they could be exposed to the environment, possibly within ac is the rate of warming that the green the nation is facing today
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is pretty unprecedented in the last 12000 years. just how fast is warming and how fast? yeah, she is retreating. so camp centuries now experiencing more mouth than it has in the past. whether or not come centuries exposed in the future depends on whether we reduce emissions today. and greenland prime arctic position means all this could happen again, all back in the crosshairs of several nations vying for arctic dominance, including russia, china and the united states with donald trump famously wanting and failing to buy greenland, while a lot of things can be done. mm. hm, essentially, it's a large real estate deal. lot of things can be done, but perhaps a country can benefit in some way from the legacy. if some one else is war, denmark is funding a $29000000.00 clean up of u. s. military installations in greenland, and now there are even plans to turn this rusting legacy of the pass into a tourist attraction, a contrast to the regular guide, but greenland,
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to say the least. so we've come here to the south to find out more about the science behind the arctic. mal, profess, we're heading for iglesia. and andrea here is asking for, she knows these roses very well. where are we heading and what are we hoping to see? where to went kelley iglesia, an essay, we added that, right? the caea having a new ais van. but this is really active this year. so on the way we can already see here at the end of some of the sea ice, the winter sea ice beginning to form a thin layer on the surface, the field. but it shouldn't stop us today. it we went to try to the move in between the i slowly the arctic is booming, twice as fast as the rest of the planet, which means the sea doesn't freeze as much as it used to. unless sea ice means more sunlight is absorbed into the ocean, the warmer ocean melt the glass,
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his foster from below, while warm air temperatures mel the glassy as an ice sheet fostered from above. meaning more icebergs carved into the ocean. the ice sheet diminishes and there's own going sea level rise around the world. this is how it sounds and how it looks when the ice cap meets the sea. to see the as jo, blue, as the i said, it's caused by the great pressure of the glassy or above it. the ice cap is weighing down on the ice. and these continual cracks, izzy ice falls and collapses off into the water. and he see birds is wheeling around, feeding off these rich nutrients that a churned up by this continual flow of melt water that's coming off the glasser and vast quantities because ah, just the greenland ice sheet and the effects
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of it melting assert important to us all there's a huge amount of scientific research going on. deep within a few, ord, oceanographer, lawrence math uses approach to gather data from the water. in terms of climate change to with this, we may measure how much fresh water is actually coming from the eye sheet. so we see in recent years, the amount of fresh water has increased strongly because the melts has increased strongly then also we measure temperature of the ocean. cuz ocean in many parts of creedence in direct contact with the i should. so if the ocean warms up, than that the places will melt faster and faster and that's something we actually see. it's also important to take core samples from the fuel bed. everything that happens in water column at some point and some at the sea floor, any spite of yard ecosystem love to footway in this feel. and so at the end, you're interested in how climate change impact to food with
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shorts. at the end of every summer satellite track has established how much arctic sea ice has been lost. this year it dropped to an area of just 4720000 square kilometers. it's 12th last extent on record. so sea ice is currently declining at a rate of around 13 percent each decade. the to put that into specter an area of sea ice equivalent to a country. the size of austria is being lost each year. the arctic is complex and hard to predict, but we do know sure things are going in the wrong direction and it's having global consequences. there's another big research program called the o. m g project which actually stand for oceans melting, greenland, it's a nasa project which maps the ice melt to better understand how was me oceans effect the melting of the ice sheet. we spoke to the principal investigator josh willis. it's going to cure the wave, engaging people in climate science. for the last 6 years,
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we've been measuring how the oceans here change, and also watching the ice as it grows and retreats. and by relating the ocean changes to the ice changes, we're hoping to get better in predicting just how quickly ice here is going to melt . and sea levels are going to rise all around the world. for several years. we've phone an airplane with a radar to measure the ice. what we're doing here right now is we're measuring the ocean. so we have an old d, c. 3 aircraft that was built for world war 2. her re purpose per science about a decade ago. to why and we've been flying around dropping sensors into the oceans to measure the temperature and the softness, not just the surface but all the way down to the sea floor. what happens in greenland does not stay in greenland. ice lost here raises sea levels all around
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the world, across europe, across the united states, all the way to australia. so our global ocean is shared between every country that has a coastline and when ice here melt, it affects them all and we are approaching the top 26, the you in climate summit. it's being billed as, as the most important one. yet. what's your sense of that time is running out. if we want to avoid the worst consequences of climate change in planetary warming, we have to start reducing our dependence on fossil fuels and find the alternative energy as fast as we can. and finally, josh, you have a kind of curious way all the engaging people with climate science tell us about that. well, it's a scary thing to imagine that we're re shaping our planets climate. and so i find a joke here there occasionally a song or maybe even an eldest impersonation has
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a really great job of connecting with people real time in change in the green. a few years ago i wrote a song about climate change to sing as elvis called the climate rock. i find that perform in gauges, people in a way that's really meaningful and they really enjoy it. and, and plus, i'm a big him and i love it. joe. weather and yeah. together and you do in here on the southern tip of greenland, the frozen north gives way to something altogether more lush. it's why the vikings came here a 1000 years ago. and date is why eric liking called it green land in the 1st place, their old north building scattered around the area and they came here to farm, which is something that still goes on today. but is what lies beneath this ground that is now causing up people. the whole reason is rich and rarer minerals and
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international mining companies want to get at it, but many green landers, and not happy, ah, a statue of leaf ericsson, the viking, who said to have discovered america 400 years before columbus gazes out overseen. that might surprise you when you think agreement, this is probably not what comes to mind. but the end of summer and the sheep had been rounded up for market. farming is part of the way of life in the south. almost as much as hunting is elsewhere. but these lands also hold new possibilities. i headed up a mountain valley near the town of nasa. the rocks here hold some of the world's richest deposits of rarefied minerals. this is the site of an old uranium mine. it's long been decommissioned. but now international mining companies want to dig deep again the rock we see all around us. it was for 3 or 4 kilometers beneath the earth's crust. and then about a 1000000000 years ago,
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these mountains just rid up. and they reckon that within this area alone, there are one and a half 1000000 tons of rare with minerals, with another $26000000.00 tons at a site nearby. and all of that combined is enough to supply the wealth total need, a rare earth minerals for a 115 years, which is why this whole area is just so valuable and has so much attention. so what exactly are the results is here? well, the main mineral mining companies want to extract from here is called ledger right . it contains uranium, zinc, and most importantly, rarefied metals. rarest metals are a group of 17 elements and once refined, they possess unique magnetic and electrochemical properties, which could be used in electric vehicles. wind turbines, smartphones, even combat aircraft. the problem for locals is the uranium byproduct of the mining process. this is my mother's father. i met with neil secaria son who's been
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fighting the proposed mind for years. man, i saw so if i'd like to ship, if the mind gets to go ahead, the 1st thing that will affect us is dull and followed by radioactive radiation. those things will start from the 1st day of production that's going to affect our water supply and it's only 3 kilometers away from the mining site. meaning we won't be able to continue living in na, sac pallet meetings were held earlier the year with the mining company involved. although they didn't attend the most recent one us much. i agree, minerals to australian and pot chinese owned a c o told al jazeera, they spain misinformation about the project in the community that does not accurately reflect the impact assessments and his course concern among local stakeholders. this is unfortunate when the project is met. stringent environmental standards mining would bring jobs, business opportunities and economic stimulus for the local community. ah, but many fear the majority of those jobs will be given to foreign workers across
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greenland. the issue is so controversial, it toppled the national government and in came the indigenous into it party who have promised to stop the mind. they recognize a future government might reverse that. i do not think it's fair to put on the landing people to accept mining of uranium because of one commodity. and that can also be found other places in the region. also keep in mind that reads are not only used for the good. they can also be used in the weapon street. i will put a builder in front of the parliament at banding uranium mining. and if that goes through the crane, shared project will have a difficult time obtaining asportation license. as the day draws to a close, small sheep of being rounded up, the farmers have grave concerns about the impact of toxic waste on the land and waterways. the sheep thrive on their water when feed process and the sea will be price and then we will be price if i,
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when that never it except the mining the queen lengthy cause to have been keep going in 1000 years and not many people could. so rise here and that says be strong to leave here in greenland. the money will attest. go to the company, not so much to the air people they're living here long ago. the viking saw the potential of this policy agreement, the 1000 years on outside as a once again i the country's possibilities. and as the ice sheet melts, making more mining sites accessible, interesting greens, which result is will only increase so that's it to this planet as to where special is made a trait where we seen all too clearly the urgent need for action. the importance of this pristine environment and the critical need to protect it from the busiest cities of the world to the remote as part of our planet. all eyes will now be all
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not crucial you and climate summit in glasgow in november from greenland. escobar with management is approaching a tipping point in the lead up to the cup 26 climate summit. al jazeera showcases program dedicated to one veiling the realities of the climate emergency witnesses green films documenting the human experience on the frontline planet. at the west report from green and on how the rapid rate of melting ice is having a profound effect on the population. people empower us why politicians have been filling affected in fighting climate change. folk lines investigates horizon temperatures of fueling a water war. in the us out there were well shows how
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a community in synagogue is dependent on the preservation of the natural resources . the screen takes the fight, the climate justice to our digital community. and upfront, he thought, demanding environmental accountability, the climate emergency, a season of special coverage on out era. ah, 10, no, 1200 ost gmc here, and i'll just here, i'm kim al santa maria and these are the headlines, at least 27 people. i have not died because of the floods and landslides triggered by heavy rain in southern india. thousands of people have had to be relocated as well. 13 person, let me see. i asked her list and that everybody's of discovered a quote yesterday.


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