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tv   [untitled]    October 17, 2021 10:30pm-11:01pm AST

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richard branson and everybody going to space. so i think it's a market opportunity for the summit. that's if you remember, the firm called the martian starting matt damon. nobody taught movie about mars would attract maybe box up is structured, but it was a very big it. ah, i reminded them of those top stories on al jazeera, a group of 17 christian missionaries, including children, had been kidnapped in haiti, where they'd been building an orphanage. they were on their way to the airport in the capitol porto prince when they were taken by armed man in the area of gunther air. 16 of the missionaries are from the us and one is from canada. now haiti's endured years of economic and political upheaval, but the situation worse and after the assassination of president you over now moist back in july. while the group is actually from
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a mission reorganization based in ohio, the vision has released a statement asking for prayers of those abducted as well as the kidnappers, the organization has been operating in haiti for decades. it only broke operations for some line months. 2 years ago, following an earlier session of gang violence within the haiti, nothing from the state department upon from a brief statement saying that it is monitoring the situation. what we do know is that there were a group of us advisors in recent days in haiti, holding consultations with the haitian national police to find out ways in which they could bolster their operations. fighting in yemen, 7 years civil war is escalating in 2 strategically important regions who see rebels say they've seen new territory in the oil and gas producing provinces of merit and shop. while it comes after the satellite coalition, which backs the government, said it had killed
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a 160 whose he find his in air strikes. the united nation says nearly 10000 people were displaced in merit alone. just last month. clubs and lambs flying have killed at least 900 people in india. southern careless stay for than a dozen people including 5 children are reported missing. where i see teams have been trying to evacuate those stranded by flood waters of gonna stanz interior ministry says girls will soon return to secondary school. since the taliban stay who are only primary age girls have been allowed to go to school. male students and teachers were allowed to go back in late september. those are your current top stories. will you stay with us at planet s o. s is in greenland next we'll see you later. bye bye. ah
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it. oh ah . never before and human history has the once pristine environment of the arctic been in such peril on the clock. and we're here in greenland to discover what those epic changes mean, not just a here, but to the rest of the well. with comp 26 the you and climate summit just weeks away. we visits a remote community struggling with the challenges of a warming climate. we'll find out how nuclear waste from a 19 fifties u. s. military base is in danger of being exposed by the retreating ice cup and
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explore the debates. obe agreements rich results of rarer metals that a critical for kava mutual future timing change in add a little more conversation about climate change place the nasa scientists who's got a novel approach to getting his message across the door. mm. we're here on the wild. busy remote east coast to greenland, to me this is nature at his most imposing. we've knows the way up the johan peterson field is one of thousands of fields and inlets that stretch way beyond the arctic circle. and that is the greenland ice cap. and we're here because the arctic is changing, and this year is changing faster than ever. events never seen before, made headlines across the world. the ice cap melted at a record rate, the water it created in 24 hours enough to entirely cover an area. the size of
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florida in 5 centimeters of water. great chunks of the she collapsed and drifted off into the open ocean. and it's been so warm, there's been rain, not snow on the summit for the 1st time on record. but what does it mean, and why does it matter? and what is what happens on the ice sheet has global implications. where the ice capital part of the plan is natural system and that system has been breaking down. we use this iceberg as a kind of canvas and put a map of europe on top of it and then super imposed greenland. you can see what a colossal land mass it is. and then if we put the ice cap on top of that, well as the vast, it's more than a 1000 kilometers from east to west and moving to 1000 kilometers from north to south. it is colossal and it is retreating. in fact, the amount of water that pulls off this ice cap every summer is responsible for more than 25 percent of the global sea level rise over the last few decades. and
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it's also responsible for impacting crucial ocean currents. we all take welding twice as fast as the rest of the world. and that's having a profound effect at the local level. well, communities that live along the edge of the ice cap, the village of coolness hook is remotes wild and still in touch with the old ways. just 200 people live here even so it's one of the larger communities on the thinly populated, east coast of greenland sled dogs is out. the end of summer iga for the winter snows, humpbacks below is one of the wales species that feast in these rich scenes. here to a degree, life still depends on the yield of the arctic waters. as it has done for thousands of years, eustace artwork still hunts and fishes for a living. i have a 6 coach. we book to water and return with kits 6.
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the fish, 6 hope 6 fish in return bought things it changing on multiple fronts. after millennia of subsistence living being you, it's are in the middle of a social and cultural transformation as greenland seeks its place in the wide world . and it's happening at precisely the moment. climate change is appending the environment. these empty houses tell a story of a population that's pretty much haft in 20 years or so. and those that have gone have it moved to the nearest town of chassis i care on the east coast or even further afield to the capital nook. on the other side of greenland, and for those that remain while they live in this warming world of oz. and it's a world that the ancestors which scarcely recognize mountain guide matt spencer has lived among the annuity connoisseur for 20 years. working with tourists, you've come for the adventure of the wild. he's seen 1st hand how fast things have
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changed. i think the cursed the that the year and on the rhythm of the seasons is so important that people here in the sense that the ice forms and in early winter breaks and in early, early, june, usually. and then that's tied in with all the animal arriving as a fish and sales in the wales. when all is patton's, become a mess up and i sent you that that is the case with people which don't recognize them any more. yeah, i think the realtor is huge challenge for people's way of life. everything is on an epic scale here with 30 meters under the glass. yeah. those are 7. 0 i thought i was 5 by mel water in the spring. in this gives you a perspective of the enormity of what's going on in the arctic a threat. the case is on the glass. yeah,
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absolutely. say anywhere the males is going on. and that's a fairly 1st in the summer because that's obviously all south and even from the summit to the ice, gaffer over 3000 meters that melts. happening in that water has to go somewhere across greenland. that's the same story, the cultural and the natural environment to being radically reshaped. changing ways that have been sculpted in the frozen north. if a thousands of years here in the outtake, the old and the new anal side by side. the future for both in these changing times is hard to discern what is certain, is the wonder and the power of the natural world. and the real and present danger created by upsetting its balance. the know the lies, of course, very much part of the spiritual connection the in you have with the environment and with that environment, continually changing. well, it's a hard transition to make. we spoke to bent ableton who's 58 years old. he's the
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former mayor of kinetic i, comes from a long line of hunters stretching back hundreds of years. mm mm. deep in an ice short, the majesty all around belies are frightening truth. spent ableton, this is an uncomfortable reality. before i hear from news shooting and warming, i don't believe him, but no i she, i sheets it quick. it's true. these icebergs of call from glasses that are receding fast, and the sea ice in winter is thinner and lost for less time. which means the renew it called use that doc sled across the fuels like they used to. now, far the shortage open and in winter, in winter. before we can go, doctor, it does enough. no, move it changing a share. for me, i think it's quick. it's true quick, it warm? no. the new. it's have
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a visceral connection with the land and that connection lives through their sled dogs. but sled dogs need ice in winter and the ice is diminishing. it chair? oh, i can not think of going to it. what can i say may beat cree? she too. i cannot to go to hunting my fringe, thought and mother and generations yak polish talk. always talk in hunting. we did talk. but in for me it will be a shed for each squealing to pupil. what we do in winter, what can we do in the winter? for bents, the fear is that community will continue to disperse. now many is david because he can she shante lee can feel something. it's go down. my
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sons shun or do my bidding more? shooting mach to move to ill. i know if i go away no more, she no more anymore. so if i leave her can dish ish i moved in because we don't need to hear lucy. and we are on our way to see something that really demonstrates greenland lowenstein, the strategic importance during the cold war, the u. s. a dozens of military bases right across the country. and in places they now presented highly toxic threats. as the ice cap melts, we had it for acre tech. hidden away up a fjord on the east coast had made the wonder of the arctic was hard to know what
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to expect. when we finally made landfill, what we found was jaw dropping. a vast, rusting dump that has been left to slowly decay for 7 decades. ready ready during the cold war, american command as ordered that military bases should be built across greenland. in fact, more than 50 were built. now any one remains in the rest. like this one was simply abandoned. amongst it all more than 200000 aviation fuel drums. many were full when they were left behind. the rusting orange barrels reportedly called american flowers by the local inuit about. they were flowers at leach toxic contents into the soil and waterways. no one knows how much environmental damage they caused code named bleary east to the base was actually constructed in the 2nd world war. the continued operation into a time when russia and the united states was standing toe to toe when it was
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eventually decommissioned, the abandonment was total. this is really quite shocking. you've got to remember that this is in the halls of this pristine wilderness. what is a, a wonderful environment, and yet all of this it's just effectively been dumped here. and if you think this is bad, there's a lot worse on the other side of greenland. for a huge u. s. base was built into the ice cap and that one was powered by nuclear reactor. ah, on the top of the moon, below the surface of a giant ice camp, the united states army has established an unprecedented nuclear poet, arctic research center. construction on come said tree started in 1959. it was completed inside 2 years, housed up to 200 men in a network of tunnels who live to pretty much as they would above ground. officially a research station. it really was to launch nuclear missiles against the soviet union in the events of war. but it seemed became obvious. the shifting greenland
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ice sheet made the site dangerously unstable and it was abandoned in $967.00. we contacted the team now continually monitoring the site. what we can tell from our eyes penetrating radar survey is the sort of magnitude and spatial distribution of the debris. and we can see, you know, how the tunnels have closed and they've, you know, smushed completely closed. they have no more air space in them. the monetary must continue because although the nuclear reactor was removed, unknown quantities of radioactive waste plus 200000 liters of diesel were left under the assumption they would be buried forever. but now because of climate change, they could be exposed to the environment, possibly within ac is the rate of warming that the green the nation is facing today is pretty unprecedented in the last 12000 years. just how fast is warming and how fast? yeah,
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she does retreating. so camp centuries now experiencing more mouth than it has in the past. whether or not come centuries exposed in the future depends on whether we reduce emissions today and greenland prime arctic position means all this could happen again, is now back in the crosshairs of several nations vying for arctic dominance, including russia, china and the united states. with donald trump famously wanting and failing to buy greenland for a lot of things could be done. mm hm. essentially it's a large real estate deal. lot of things can be done, but perhaps a country can benefit in some way from the legacy. if someone else is war, denmark is funding a $29000000.00 clean up of u. s. military installations in greenland. and now there are even plans to turn this rusting legacy of the pass into a tourist attraction, a contrast to the regular guide, but greenland, to say the least. so
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we've come here to the south to find out more about the science behind the arctic. well, profess, we're heading for iglesia and andrea, here is our skipper. she knows these roses very well. where are we heading and what are we hoping to see? we had a rental collateral iglesia, an essay. we adeline that right? the she egg calvin, a new ice van, but it isn't really active this year. so on the way we can already see here at the end of some of the sea ice, the wind to sea ice beginning to form a thin layer on the surface of fuel. but it shouldn't stop us today. it went to play to the movie in between the eyes. it'll only be all tick is booming, twice as fast as the rest of the planet, which means the c doesn't freeze as much as it used to, unless the ice means more sunlight is absorbed into the ocean. warmer ocean melts the glasses foster from below, while womb at temperatures mel the glassy as an ice sheet fostered from above, meeting more icebergs carved into the ocean. the ice sheet diminishes and as own
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going sea level rise around the world. this is how it sounds and how it looks when the ice cap meets the sea to see the as jo, blue as the i say that's caused by the great pressure of the glassy or above, the ice cap is weighing down on the ice. and these continual cracks, izzy ice falls and collapses off into the water. and he see birds just wheeling around, feeding off these rich nutrients that a churned up by this continual flow of melt water that's coming off. the glasser and vast quantities because ah, just the greenland ice sheet and the effects of it melting. a sir important to us all. there's a huge amount of scientific research going on. deep within
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a few or oceanographer lawrence math uses approach to gather data from the water in terms of climate change to with this we minute measure how much fresh water is actually coming from the eye sheet. so we see in recent years, the amount of fresh water has increased strongly because it melts, has increased, strongly, de know, so we measure temperature of the ocean was ocean in many parts of creedence in direct contact with the i should. so if the ocean warms up than the, the places will melts, faster and faster. and that's something we actually see. it's also important to take core samples from the fuel bed. everything that happens in water column at some point and some accuracy floor, any spite of your ecosystem, of default wait in this field. so at the end, you're interested in how climate change will impact the food with shorts. at the end of every summer satellite track has established how much arctic sea ice has been lost. this year it dropped to an area of just 4720000 square
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kilometers. it's 12 last extent on record. so sea ice is currently declining at a rate of around 13 percent each decade. the to put that into specter an area of sea ice equivalent to a country. the size of austria is being lost each year. the arctic is complex and hard to predict, but we do know sure things are going in the wrong direction and it's having global consequences. there's another big research program called the o m g project which actually stands for oceans melting. greenland, it's a nasa project which maps the ice melt to better understand. how would we oceans effect the melting of the ice sheet? we spoke to the principal investigator josh willis. it's going to cure his wave, engaging people in climate science. for the last 6 years, we've been measuring how the oceans here change and also watching the ice as it grows and retreats. and by relating the ocean changes to the ice changes,
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we're hoping to get better in predicting just how quickly ice here is going to melt . and sea levels are going to rise all around the world. for several years. we've phone an airplane with a radar to measure the ice. what we're doing here right now is we're measuring the ocean. so we have an old d, c. 3 aircraft that was built for world war 2. her re purpose per science about a decade ago. to why and we've been flying around dropping sensors into the oceans to measure the temperature and the softness, not just at the surface but all the way down to the sea floor. what happens in greenland does not stay in greenland. ice lost here raises sea levels all around the world, across europe, across the united states, all the way to australia. so our global ocean is shared between every country that
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has a coastline and when ice here melt, it affects them all and we are approaching the top 26. you in climate summit, it's being billed as, as the most important one. yet. what's your sense of that time is running out. if we want to avoid the worst consequences of climate change in planetary warming, we have to start reducing our dependence on fossil fuels and find alternative energy as fast as we can. and finally, josh, you have a kind of curious way all the engaging people with climate science tell us about that. well, it's a scary thing to imagine that we're re shaping our planets climate. and so i find a joke here there occasionally a song or maybe even an eldest impersonation has a really great job of connecting with people real time and change in the green.
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a few years ago i wrote a song about climate change to sing as elvis called the climate rock. i find that perform in gauges, people in a way that's really meaningful. they really enjoy it. and, and plus, i'm a big him and i love it. if joe ever together and you do in here on the southern tip of greenland, the frozen north gives way to something altogether more lush. it's why the vikings came here a 1000 years ago. indeed is why eric, i can called it green land in the 1st place. there old north building, scattered around the area. they came here. it's a farm which is something that still goes on today. but it's what lies beneath this ground that's now causing people. the whole reason is rich and rare of minerals and international mining companies want to get at it. but many greenland is not happy
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ah, a statue of leaf ericsson, the viking, who said to have discovered america 400 years before columbus gazes out overseen. that might surprise you when you think agreement, this is probably not what comes to mind. but the end of summer and the sheep have been rounded up for mocking. farming is part of the way of life in the south, almost as much as hunting is elsewhere. but these lands also hold new possibilities . i headed up a mountain valley near the town of nasa. the rocks here hold some of the world's richest deposits of rare f minerals. this is the sides of an old uranium mine. it's long been decommissioned. but now international mining companies want to dig deep again. the rock we see all around the same was for 3 or 4 kilometers beneath the earth's crust. and then about a 1000000000 years ago, these mountains just rid up. and they reckoned that within this area alone, there are one and a half 1000000 tons of rare with minerals, with another $26000000.00 tons at
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a site nearby. and all of that combined is enough to supply the wealth total need. a rare earth minerals for 115 years, which is why this whole area is just so valuable and has so much attention to what exactly are the results is here. well, the main mineral mining companies want to extract from here is called ledger of right. it contains uranium, zinc, and most importantly rarer metals, rare if metals are a group of 17 elements, once refine, they possess unique magnetic and electrochemical properties, which could be used in electric vehicles. wind turbines, smartphones, even combat aircraft. the problem for locals is the uranium byproduct of the mining process. this is my mother's father. i met with neil secaria son who's been fighting the proposed mind for years. man, i saw so far a lot to ship. if the mind gets to go ahead, the 1st thing that will affect us is dull and followed by radioactive radiation.
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those things will start from the 1st day of production. that's going to affect our water supply. and it's only 3 kilometers away from the mining site. meaning we won't be able to continue living in na, sac pallet meetings were held earlier in the year with the mining company involved . although they didn't attend the most recent ones, much. they're green and minerals, who are australian, and part chinese owned their c o. told al jazeera, there's been misinformation about the project in the community that does not accurately reflect the impact assessments and his course concern among local stakeholders. this is unfortunate when the project is met, stringent environmental standards, mining would bring jobs, business opportunities and economic stimulus for the local community. ah, but many fear, the majority of those jobs will be given to foreign workers across greenland. the issue is so controversial, it toppled the national government and in came the indigenous in europe, party, who have promised to stop the mind that they recognize
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a future government might reverse that. i do not think it's fair to put on the landing people to accept mining of uranium because of one commodity. and that can also be found other places in the region. also keep in mind that reads are not only used for the good. they can also be used in the weapon street. i will put a bill in front of the parliament at banding uranium mining. and if that goes through the crane, a shared project will have a difficult time obtaining a expectation license as a day draws to a close more sheep and being rounded up, the farmers have grave concerns about the impact of toxic waste on the land and waterways. the sheep thrive on the water when fe, price it and the see will be price and then we will be price. if i win that never it except the mining the queen lengthy cut is to have been keep going in 1000 years
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and that many people could survive here. and that to be strong to leave here in green and the money will test go to the company, not so much to the air people living here long ago. the viking soul, the potential of this policy agreement, the 1000 years on outside as a once again, i'm the countries possibilities. and as the ice sheet melts, making more mining sites accessible. interesting agreements, rich result is, will only increase so that's it for this planet. as to where special is made a trait where we seen all too clearly the urgent need for action. the importance of this pristine environments and the critical need to protect it from the busiest cities of the world to the remote is part of our planet. all eyes will now be on that crucial you and climate summit in glasgow in november from greenland is good bye.
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mm hm. and with a frank assessments, what's the point of view? and if multilateralism isn't part of it's dna, we need somewhere, we're sovereign states can exchange use informed opinions, you focus likely to change biking behavioral. it's not gonna change their behavior . they're going to continue to do what they do when it's going to be more in trade and less in terms of trying to match this more games mentality. in depth analysis of the days, global headlines inside story on out jesse era. i
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know coming all of latin america for most of my career, but mil kind of thing is alike and it's my job to shed light on how and why a. ready hello there, i'm dealing with donald's here in london with our current top stories on al jazeera, a group of 17 christian missionaries, including children have been kidnapped and hazy, where they've been building an orphanage. they were on their way to the airport in the capital poor till prince, when they were taken by arms. men in the area of guntee air, as 16 of the missionaries are from the u. s. and one is from canada. haiti, of course, is endured years of economic and political upheaval, but the situation worse and after the assassination of president jo vanelle, moist in july and a deb.

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