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tv   [untitled]    October 17, 2021 10:30am-11:01am AST

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the most important thing is very deep relationship between a film and the cater. beyond the glitz and glamour on display on the red carpet fest, pack o is about this, watching movies in cinemas, from young, african talents that are yet to be discovered by the film industry. there's more than $200.00 films this year, including white lines. a favorite among the jury is a story of forbidden love, a set in namibia. a country often used by hollywood to portray africa, but never to tell stories of nubians. then there is a production from las soto, a nation that has no cinemas, to watch films in, but has produced an outstanding dark drama that has already won a prize at the sundance film festival for visionary filmmaking. for people in breaking faso, this event is an opportunity to experience the diversity of african narratives and for african storytellers, a chance to get their work seen on
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a global stage. nicholas hawk al jazeera while good to go. ah, it is good to have you with a slow adrian. should i get married though? how the headlines on al jazeera, hundreds of fishermen and shall anchor, are protesting against what they say is poaching from neighboring india. they want their government when force a 2017 law that prevents indian fishermen from encroaching until their waters and often and us reports for colombo, the root of it, it's about livelihoods, about children. can fishermen struggling to make ends meet. and what they see is mass scale, poaching by indian fishing boats that come into she lanchen waters and take valuable fish dogs away with them. now this has not been a new phenomenon. it's been going on for years and the fishing of community right across the coastal boat from the east of sri lanka,
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right through the north and going even into the north west of the country. has been complaining over the years. ceremonies have taken place in paris to mock 60 years since the massacre of algerian protested in the police crackdown. emanuel mccomb is the 1st french president to attend such a memorial event, but stopped short of issuing a formal apology. the precise number of victims is unknown, but some historians say that several 100 people were killed. venezuela's government is suspended talks with the opposition after a member of its negotiating team was extradited to the u. s. alex saab was arrested last year in comfort and has been sent to the united states to face money laundering charges. and those were headlines. we'll have more news for you here on al jazeera after today's inside story, which we recorded earlier. the world is warming and greenland ice sheet is melting, which is changing everything from sea levels to the way people live. and now
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even exposing the remnants of a cold war pulse greenland, the melting of the frozen north on al jazeera. the u. s. is always of interest to people, all right, the world people pay attention to walk with one here. and i'll just, he was very good at bringing the news to the world from here, from the creation of plantations and the birth of the industrial revolution to slavery. and bass, migration is colonialism to blame for the dire situation we face with climate change. this is inside story. ah, hello, welcome to the program. i'm adrian said again, an exhibition looking at the legacy of colonialism and the role that it played in
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the birth of climate change has opened in london, 11 artists with a personal connection to africa, the caribbean and south america have pinpointed environmental change as a racial process with deep brutes and colonial history, through this collection of artworks, the overlapping crises of environmental damage and colonialism. a put under scrutiny al jazeera is jessica baldwin, has been to have a look. mountains of sugar piled high in a french warehouse, harvested in sugar cane plantations across the globe. the sweet cargo travels thousands of kilometers to feed europe. it's a pattern of tre, dating back hundreds of years. and is this exhibition argues that history holds the roots of current climate change. we are history challenges, visitors to take a different perspective to go back in time to when european nations colonized much of the world, extracting natural resources, forcing millions into slavery,
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and setting up the plantation system. from the colonial period onwards, we had these patterns of movements of shapes, movements of people, movements of product, movements of commerce, movements of communication. if we want to understand what climate change look fucking, how brought that about as a human species. we can look at our practices across hundreds of years, works by artists with a personal connection to the developing world. trace the link between empire building and pillaging of the land and the native people. drawings by dutch sailors celebrating the plentiful as they arrived in africa, where their large scale plunder left a number of animals extinct the archive. photograph of young men and a boy piloting their canoe and madagascar seeks to re dignify the subjects, not a docile group. the black braid surrounding the hanging speaks to the enslaved
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people working together to resist as best they could be resilient and to survive. we stand as a testament to that survival. and i think, you know, we live within global i systems that still use these extractive practices. and so actually for the majority of people out there, they don't that, you know, the, the economics of the plantation haven't really gone away. the show isn't a colonial era building. somerset house was the headquarters for the british navy. the power britain relied on to rule a large part of the world. the global trade patterns of that empire persist poorly paid factory workers in the developing world providing cheap goods to consumers in the north. jessica baldwin al jazeera london. well, we'll introduce you to our panel in just a moment, but 1st, let's take a look into the background surrounding climate change and links to colonialism. the
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1st evidence of manmade climate change dates back to the early days of the industrial revolution in the 1800s. that's when mass manufacturing was born. it went hand in hand with colonialism. as western nations used slave labor in large scale farming and to extract rule materials. industrialized countries grew their economies by burning fossil fuels. and he, scientists believe that those emissions lead to an increase in the planets average temperature around the year. 1830 created by practice is born of a colonial mindset to create wealth. climate change has become one of our most pressing threats. and physically, next week the you and climate summit will bring governments together in scotland to decide the goals of the paris agreement. ah, so let's bring it our guests in london. we have with us at echo ashley, he's the curator of that exhibition. we were hearing about just
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a few moments ago. we are history and from hamburg, yoga zimmer. he's a professor at the university of hamburg focusing on colonialism, genocide, africa, and post colonial memory. gentlemen, welcome to you both echo. let's start with you. tell us more about the thinking behind this exhibition. it aims how you went about selecting the artists and what their work is saying to us. well, fishing has occurred. we, our histories at sunset house london group exhibition with 9 artists whose puzzle origins lie in the global south in africa, caribbean, south america, and whose artists have individual, even a work ethic being ex laurie in these complex are legacies and relationships between colonialism and climate change they do that for a range of different practices in terms of photography filled tapestry orange em.
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but the main issue, i think the main issue spaces, the exhibition as a whole is to, i think, try expand some of our discourse and discussion are around what we think of what we talk about, what we see when we discuss climate change. so conventionally waiting for climate change, something really that, that, that, that kind of close of the road hemisphere is a modern, compact with industrial revolutionary. more recently, the artisan is christian and its mission is a poll, suggested if you really want to understand the beginning origin of how we got to where we are right now. as a pallet, we have to go back to the 16th century to the 17th century. the beginnings of colonialism when you, when you go 1st large scale mass movements of people, granite force migrations, 3 slavery when you go
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a large scale shift in our environment as a consequence of plantation agriculture mano cult molly lee, kind of money agriculture. when you got the right, it's all extract here my in practice in mine. so yeah. who are, these are pretty, i echo is the end of the kind of echoes you, as you said, it explores the complex legacies of colonialism. but why should people care? what's the, what's the relevance to now as we face the climate emergency that we currently are facing? i mean, i only think, i think if you want to really grapple with grass or even understand or gauge with the really a central question to climate change. i think it helps if we can figure out how to tell stories, how to have narratives that we can understand and,
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and most of those narratives that we live with currently are confined to the northern hemisphere. so we think of climate change, we think perhaps or for image of us i fall on the computer there on a shrinking piece of ice. this exhibition and work of these artists, i think office and new ways of looking at new ways of thinking about a car change by looking through the perspectives of people in the developing world . by suggesting the ways of engaging with nature, the local sounds, different digits, communities have had for centuries and generations to offer us some way. treasure in nature, understanding its fragility in its fullness and thinking about how environmental climates in developing world or be affected profoundly by climate change. i think
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this is about expanding some of our frame of reference and our discussion, you're going to what extent is today's climate emergency due to an ongoing form of colonialism with thinking about huge corporations polluting, exploiting workers, pillaging the planets, mineral wealth. oh, great. do, of course we have a political, the colonization, and a 1960 s, but we never had a economy economy. and a lot of static cannot make structures in which a revised road is operating. i stem from, from, from, to cologne, globalization. so we have to take this into account and we need to be colonized not only our ms young's something which is a important topic at the moment in europe. but we have to be colonized our structures. we have to be colonized, oh, economic system be after the colonized,
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our way of living. basically. we are facing a exist anxious threat or the most exhaust stanford threat humanity ever has faced . and we really need to have the colonizing our way. our way of looking at the road and our narratives and, and, and, and basically everything you're going with, we started and, and our discussion with the exhibition in london and the interrelations between today's climate emergency and the legacies of colonialism. how important do you think it is that the people acknowledge that connection? i think we need to acknowledge this, and that was my, my starting point or into restarting research. and thinking about this topic was to say, how did we get to where we are? this is through colonial globalization and why are we the, the people in the global north, a completely unable to really understand this existential threat and to act
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accordingly. and i think both is linked for a 600 years. europeans are used up more resources, then they produced on their own and, and what would have been their normal share per capita. and, and, and not only did we get into the mess, which we are now through this, this capitalist system, which, which is based on growth and consumption. it also makes us in the global north, unable to address that issue properly. because we also learned over 600 years that we got away with because the people who suffered from dis, resource extraction from this over use an over consumption of resources that the people that login osh. and now when, when it hits closer to home to us. yeah, and eva, and we still think it's not serious. we get our babies. it just need
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a technical fix because we can't imagine that that it's not working up because it worked out for us for 600 years. as you probably saw just a few moments ago, we've been joined by a 3rd guest, stefan singer is from the climate action network international. he's a senior climate science and global energy policy advisor. he's with us now from brussels, stephan rieger to have you with us, or does identifying the beginnings of climate change as we have been talking about here, help us deal with the current climate emergency. if you look into dom d colonization in account in a context of climate change, when you need to look into that we have than the, the rich middle class us mainly of the north, but increasing the also of this house. and the upper close of course of colonized the space with you to emissions which stay there for up to 1000. yes. and which course climate change in the atmospheric and atmospheric sense. so that's the way
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what we need to deal was to pay back our ecological doubt. in 1 may or the other, i wouldn't say it's limited to the nurse and includes also increasingly the middle classes and the rich classes of the sauce, which can hight behind, behind the, the north only and always. and as, as something we addressing internally, climate ac network, but nevertheless, the majority of the missions and this, this is cases, carbon dioxide emissions from burning fossil fuels come from the classical rich northern masons like the u. k. the us, germany, rush, her japan and a couple of others. what is this? is this, this kind of, if you want, if you, if, if you are call it vantage or, or, or leadership, a negative leadership is being fitting away because we're going to be taken up by the middle classes and the rich classes of india, china, south africa and others right, um i think we need to be need to be aware that that,
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that if a common understanding that they need to decala nice and it comes with climate change studies colonize. yeah. or cover legacy. and yet was it was 70 you talked about about paying back? i think the public these days understand that climate change is real at that argument is one. right. and people, i think it's fairly safe to say a worried does the public though understand the costs involved in fixing the problems i'm a polluters should play, of course. but what about the public? well, i don't know what the public you're thinking. i'm coming from a scientific perspective and i think that most people would understand that you have for that to happen. responsibility as a precautionary principal, of course, something you have to pay for repairing it and one way or the other. so we need to do significantly our missions, i think that's come on in the standing. anyone that is not a given thing, give them the staples of our,
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of our climate. but the 2nd thing is how do we repair for the loss of damages that occurred in the house, developing countries from the communities, but also increasingly in the norse. but as i'm saying, what we have to do as well, to pay for leverage money, finances for paying those communities to do adapt to climate change both resilience and simply pay for loss or damages. the kind of after, after adaptation, loss or damage is coming in a big way. and this will be one of our priorities for the upcoming climate conference. last, which we'll, we'll get on to end in just a moment, but you're going to. so you shaking your head a few moments ago, not sure whether that was in disagreement or agreement, but don't want to pick up on what stuff. i was saying that yeah, i think stephan is right, but it's, it's not enough to pay compensation or reparation of whatever for, for local communities. i mean, the colonial globalization has shown that be ever,
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ever more an equal distribution of wealth on the globe. and in order and the i know double bind because in the north we say, okay, we are, we are ready for 0 emission in the future and keep our, our level of comfort, our way of living. and that won't be possible, because the large part of the globe water has a right to, to increase their, their standards of living. and their consumption levels are, we need go with social justice. and that means that we need actually to lower our living standard in the global north in order to allow that locus house to get some increase in their wealth. i mean, the stephanie was right to say this is also a point now for the elite in the global house and a middle classes which also need to adapt. but on a lower level, the need
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a reduction or lowering of our living standards in the north and here to allow others to grow and increase their, their consumption level. and that is something which we need to tower our people. and nobody really wants to tell everybody hopes for, for a logo, global fix, and as a, as a flight need to fix. and as i said, that just because we used to it because it was 600 years. when you get more resources, we went somewhere else and got the resources there. and in science fiction, we now and not only in science fiction, we talk about the colonization of, of the moon or the mass, which is just the continuation of this narrative that we can increase consumption and listen. but the simple fact we can't, and that is something which we need to, to tell the people an a echo cartoon just just a moment, but, but you're going, i just want to ask you a question about the mindset that allows people in one part of the world to live
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beyond their fair share of resources at the expense of others. globalization as a form of, of colonialism. yeah, i mean that is, i mean, that is my observation when i see that people, even in germany, which are quite sensitive about climate change. still think that they can just go on living the way or they used to live and over say because we will find a way forward and, and that they are in denial in denial of, of, of the re germany. europe has acquired its richest and im denial of the conic ranches off this climate emergency. and i think it's time to really tell the truth, and we need to think ahead and find a new way, a global social justice approach to this in an a global scale is that you have to change basically everything in order to survive. this emergency occur. she said,
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this exhibition is made up of work, or many from artists, from, from the global south in what ways have, has the legacy of colonialism and its impact on, on climate change affected that their work. i mean, it, it runs entirely through their work. there were there work has of politics to it because in built in the photographs of the films or tapestries they make, there's a clear wang social injustice and inequity between north and south. but also they work as a poetry to it as a visual power teacher because their work is deep imbedded in working from the perspective of people and places and communities and memory is within america, carrier africa. which is to say to one of the ways that we can
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start to a fact some of the shifts of your other speakers are talking about is through an expansion of our own imaginative reach. is through being able to stevie through the eyes of other people. and perhaps reach closer to a sense of understanding of what's at stake of the b team, preciousness of the natural world in different parts of the world, of the climate and the people and the environment. so, understanding that these legacies are in play isn't just to lamenting. it's also a way of saying, look, let's shift our perspective. let's expand our imagine to reach in order, but to understand what's at stake, but also to recognize that there are more possibilities in play about how we can talk about how we can think about climate change. as a consequence,
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i want to start to cover this differently about stephan is as you pointed out, this exhibition opens ahead of the, the top $26.00 climate conference in glasgow with with progress on the 2015 parents agreement still lagging. what are the chances of cop 26 actually being anything more than just a talking shop but results in more empty promises? i dunno to be very honest. i think taurus johnson makes a good job on hopping an up and making a propaganda show. and it will be one of the cops some which might end up in nice commitments on the paper. and they picked us on the shelf, but nothing which is the materialise of all which are some granular and precise. unfortunately, we had a couple of good cups in the past, starting from kyoto, going to paris. but most of the caps have been just empty paper. unfortunately, that doesn't speak against multi lateral agreements and mighty lateral get together
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. i think the goes through that one. but i think the real fight is on the ground, the real fight is not on his caps. and is this on the regions as in the cities, as an a countries and a parliament. that's where the commitments are being done by the implementation has to be great. i think we need to be need to be clear about this one. let me say one thing about the overall and up, and i might be a little bit exaggerating here on the understanding a we have to tell our people in our rich countries, supposedly rich countries. they all have to give up their living standards to reduce the livingston as i think that's a very detrimental approach. i think we need to differentiate whom we asking that one. i think we need to go for emma coming from a social justice movement on a trade unionist. i'm a socialist for many years and i think we really, really differentiate and tell and tell and tell the public. there certain folks, certain classes. ok. who benefit from the current situation to benefit from the failure of the states yet to address texas and equity and others were suffering we have in germany and revenue was mentioned in germany about 30 percent in poverty
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were working the, the increase, the increase of the minimum wages now from 9 euro to 12, euro in germany, which might be coming up with senior coalition effect. 37 percent of the population . the 77 percent of the population have a wage per hour, which is less than 12 euro yoga. i need a very quick answer from you. do you know your comments, your thoughts on that brittany queen elizabeth this week was, was, was overheard expressing her frustration with the politicians being all talking and no action. what are your thoughts on comp 26? she is. she is right, and if cockburn $26.00 doesn't get paid do away with the ideology of growth and consumption, then it's, it's failing because that's what we need them to tell us that we need the ideology of growth. lead to this to faster on this ideology in place. we can't, we can't short it up. the gentleman,
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i'm afraid we're going to have to wear it without a time that he thinks indeed that's being with us. echo ashan yogananda and stefan singer. and as always, thank you for watching. don't forget, you can see the program again at any time just by going to the website at al jazeera dot com for further discussion. join us on our facebook page that's at facebook dot com forward slash ha inside story. and you can join the conversation on twitter handle at ha, inside story from me, every in finnegan for the whole team here though. huh. thanks for watching. we'll see you again, bye. for now, talking to al jazeera, we are what gives you hope that it is going to be peace because the situation on the ground seems to be pointing. otherwise we listen. we were never on the whatever road to off migration we meet with global news makers and talk about the stories that matter on al jazeera
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ah, ah, al jazeera. with down to the page, we understand the differences and similarities of cultures across the world. so no matter how you take it will bring you the news and current affairs that matter to you. i've never seen so much devastation or experienced how quickly everything can change as the current of ours and the events in india became much more than just story. 0, one was affected, we couldn't keep the people we cared about alive. and there were times on air when
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i had to hold back tears. that every day i was driven to convey the connect of trauma to make sure that despite the high numbers, we didn't forget that every single death represented of families in the worst moment and how a lot of suffering could have been avoided. i became a journalist to tell the story of what is happening, but also shows the wider context. i'm elizabeth coroner mm. a $150000000.00 traits disappear every year into the clothing that we all wear from up cycling to say the tories. the famous yellow dress made from blue jeans law to conserving the world. dwindling wetlands. 3 of the paper worlds global bird migration white intersect right, where we are basically discovered
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a treasure try it, is one of the most special wetlands on the plan. i for ice ecosystems and light on al jazeera. ah, the afghan telecom promises to open secondary schools for girls within the next few days. ah, i want a very upset again. this is al jazeera live from doha, also coming up at my deal, mccall condemns a police cracked out on algerians, protesting against french rule 60 years ago, but stopped short of a formal apology. anger in shore lanka, against what people say is poaching by indian fishermen.


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