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tv   [untitled]    October 17, 2021 6:30am-7:01am AST

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from young african talents that are yet to be discovered by the film industry. there is more than $200.00 films this year, including white lines. a favorite among the jury is a story of forbidden lava set in namibia. a country often used by hollywood to portray africa, but never to tell stories of nubians. then there is a production from la soto, a nation that has no cinemas to watch films in, but has produced an outstanding dark drama that has already won a prize at the sundance film festival for visionary filmmaking. for people in breaking faso, this event is an opportunity to experience the diversity of african narratives and for african storytellers, a chance to get their work seen on a global stage. nicholas hawk al jazeera. we're going to go ah, a money inside with the headlines on our desert,
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the number of people killed in friday, suicide attack in the afghan city of kandahar has risen to 65 miles. funerals have been held as the taliban promised to step up. security a cheer mosques i feel in afghanistan has claimed responsibility. and as the group's 1st launch scale attack in the south of the country, stephanie decker is incapable. she says the taliban is starting to realize the scale of the threat for myself. it is a strong message that there is an issue to deal with the or the taliban taking it very seriously. just 2 days ago, the interior ministry giving a press conference warning about infiltration within taliban ranks and you know, telling its fighters to be vigilant. and also just moving around the capital to day, we saw it across the ministries that security has been tightened and there is an increased awareness, a certainly of what could be potential, you know, attacks in the future. so it is a message from iso now that at the time about is no longer an insurgency group. they have been fighting each other for quite some time, trying to stabilize it. now, as it tries to govern,
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thousands of demonstrators have rallied in saddam's capital call tomb to demand greater representation in government. a prime minister abdullah handle says the divisions are causing the worst crisis yet in the countries transition to civilian vol. tensions have been growing since an attempt to coo last month. hospitals in northern ethiopia, overwhelmed with malnourished children. as a fighting in and around to grind was his hunger to spread. un says barely any aid has made it into to grind the past few months. you therapy government says that responsibility for the crisis lies with the to grow i people's liberation front. the french president has condemned a crackdown on algerian protest. as that happened 60 years ago in paris. on the eve of the anniversary, monumental observed a moment of silence of the sports where dozens of demonstrators were killed. in 1961 algerians had been protesting against french colonial rule when police reacted violently. okay, there's
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a headlines counting the costs. next. the world is warming and green linds ice sheet is melting, which is changing everything from sea levels to the way people live and now even exposing the remnants of a cold war pulse greenland from melting of the frozen north on al jazeera. ah, i am fully back to bo, this is counting the cost on al jazeera, your weekly look at the world of business and economics this week. the battle for influenza in latin america. after seating ground to china on the diplomatic and economic front, the united states seeks to win back its neighbors with billions of dollars in new
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investments. we explain how. also this week the pandemic confined to many students to their homes. those lucky enough were able to go online to continue studying. we look at one of the biggest winners from the pandemic, online learning, or as silicon valley nice to call, it adds tech, and the afghans was staying put as economy crumbles around them. for this soft drinks maker, it's business as usual, but at what costs? ah, china has used it's one trillion dollar belt and road initiative to expand. it's economic and diplomatic ties worldwide. and now leads to world in trade with africa, parts of asia and latin america, a region which united states has long regarded as its backyards. over the years, china's ties with latin america and the caribbean has paid dividends. total trade increased from almost $18000000000.00 in 2002 to almost $300.00. 16000000000 in 20 . 19, in 2020, beijing's imports amounted to a 100. $65000000000.00,
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mostly of copper, minerals and meet from 2005 to 2020 china invested a $136000000000.00 in latin america with energy projects attracting 57 percent of the investment mining received 27 percent. and chinese banks have become huge lenders to the region between 252020. they loan to more than a 137000000000. nevertheless. so low. the u. s. remains latin america's top investor concerns. i've been raised in washington about b. james influence, well let's get some analysis now with him in our blanco who's research director and head of america's risk insights at various maple croft. and she's joining us from under lucia in spain. him in a very good to have you with us on the show. so how exactly will washington county china? well, i mean, it's interesting the proposition that washington can counter china name for
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structure, but also including principles, right? because washington's investment is not just for building roads and bridges or dredging ports, it has to do with, you know, advancing gender equality and digitalization and, and lowering and equality in the region. but washington has a lot of baggage than china dawson. and so for me, the key question is to see how the bite and administration is able to implement these policies and whether it will be able to compete with china on infrastructure or whether this will remain an ideological battle ground. and certain governments in the region will choose china because of the ease of access to finance and delivering large infrastructure projects. and others will choose washington because of their commitment to western principles that are coming from the white house. what about the, their interests?
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i mean, washington's interest could be boiled down to security issues. the war on drugs, of course, and backing right wing governments. am i being too harsh by saying that those, those are really the issues that they want to focus on? well, i'm not sure if it's only the issues they want to focus on, but that will certainly be the criticism coming from you know, latin american, a left wing parties and governments which have been in the ascendancy in recent years. so actually if, if we look at where deputy national security adviser for international economic sing went during his recent visit to the region, he chose 3 destinations very close to washington. it was columbia, ecuador, and panama. right? and so clearly, you know, these ideological link and, and common perspective on the world has a lot to play in this competition right now. the trump admin ration viewed china's engagement in the region with more suspicion in 2017,
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that national security strategy stated that china is seeking to pull the region into its orbit through a set laid st. lead investments and loans and express concern about china's support . for what they call the dictatorship in venezuela. is that a fair assessment? i mean, of course china has had relationships with venezuela, which are, you know, of a very, you know, valid to criticize because of, you know, the human rights violations in been a sweller. and so, but i think that's just looking at a very narrow focus, right? china has been expanding across the entire region. it's now the top trading partner of all main economies in south america. and it's gone well beyond those initial loans that it was given to venezuela for oil, or even to ecuador. and it's delivering significant investment in agriculture, in telecommunications, and an infrastructure which are all areas that the region needs to develop
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significantly. so, and particularly in the post pandemic recovery. so what do you think are ultimately is, is china's objective in the region. the u. s. southern command has warned, china is seeking to establish global logistics and basing ins for us infrastructure in our hemisphere in order to project and sustain military power at greater distances. did you agree with that? i think china strategy in the region goes beyond, or it's not just about military strength. of course, it's about, you know, this geopolitical chess game where it's challenging the united states in its own back yard, a backyard that the united states left vacant for the last 20 years as it focused in the middle east. but it's also about securing strategic resources for china. ah, not just because of food, right. agriculture and for example, pork meat are a sizable exports from southam good to china, but also securing access to raw materials like minerals needed in the energy
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transition. we're talking about here about lithium and copper, but also hydrocarbons. so it's not just about staging a military presence, but it's about securing china, strategic future and, and do you think china her as china's economic ties have wanted any, any diplomatic influence in the region? of course. and also, i mean, china, you know, has a very professional diplomatic service with a strong presence. and in fact, if we turn that on its head and we look at, you know, the bite and administration has yet to confirm ambassadors to the region. and so even on this a diplomatic front, china is presenting a much a stable and united front as it were, than after the change of administration in washington were no waiting to see had you been have some countries, for example, on the issue of recognizing taiwan has some countries clearly indicated that
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they're taking st. china's side well, i mean, they have done right. there was china's initial, a strategy or goal when it, it started developing relations with the region more strongly in the late 19 ninety's, early 2, thousands. what was to secure that switch, and it has managed it across a number of economies. that was more of the, you know, the, the political move, and then it became an economic move with loan, some financing. and then it grew into direct investment and the growing presence of chinese companies in the region. so the, the record of the last 2 decades has been one of growing chinese goals as it accomplished its previous you know, it previous strategy came in a, talked there about loans in financing. and, and we all know that when it comes to china and loans in financing also involved is the issue of debt. of course, as we've seen in countries like sure, lanka, and so on. and a recent congressional reports suggested that some countries in the region have
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a mass and sustainable levels of debt owed to china and have become dependent upon commodities export. so china, so do you see, you know, the, a scenario like we know that the one that happened into lanka, for example, the country owing huge amounts of money to china, also being replicated in the region. i mean, we already have the, you know, an example in the case of venezuela. i mean that is the, the most clear example. and there is another challenge here, right in the united states is trying to compete with china, m financing, the west a has a lot of strings attached to its financing and has shallower pockets than beijing. so if we're thinking about, you know, a principles of sustainable financing than the west applies and china does not than that is another challenge to, to be china in, at its game. but of course, for some administrations in latin america being able to bypass those western
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standards and access cash readily available ball from beijing is a very good short term when, particularly as they head into elections in the aftermath of the pandemic. and they need cash to splash, unsecure boats. i mean, i thank you so much for your insight. it was really very good to hear your thoughts are on this issue. payment. blanco is from various maple crafts joining us from spain. thank you for being on counting the cost. thank you. ah, have danny sans industries are being squeezed because of banking restrictions and chosen assets? some multinational companies are trying to keep their employees on and continue with production. but as osama bin jarvis reports from cobble staying afloat during an economic crunch is not easy. it's 6 30 am and hobble. and the morning shift is ready to begin the day. a multi layered securities needed that the largest burbridge production plant in afghanistan, career success story,
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began its carpet and t trade more than a century ago. and now his presence in $46.00 countries, these carbonated green, folk, ported to them, at least infant measure. the one's family on firm is a multi $1000000000.00 and $2.00 price. it's a household brandon of one of fun. and the workers take pride in maintaining the quality of their product. but since the balaban took over, the revenues and production have been effected, it's most drawn by young, are found professionals the how to 1000 employees and afghanistan. many have chosen not to leave their country after foreign forces pulled out. i have saw this enough on a storm and i have to serve the nation and serve her, my soil and my country. that's the biggest reason i harvested, being in of harnessed on is more just about profit being in of honest on as a,
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to provide services for white products and to contribute to the economy of the country for this company has been able to survive the tumult, economy lodge v because if headquarters is not in the gun fun, even during the economic price, this factory continues to produce. $72000.00 tons of energy drink for an hour. but this is an exception because the right economy of, of my son is suffering and people cannot buy is what is that? what do you think? the construction industry, for example, is at a standstill. since contractors, agencies, and people in general have no real access to cash, most equipment hasn't moved from yards. how do you select dean says use to send labor and equipment all over the country. now he's laid off 12 employees. they all mash kiln nestor, the se, in this month. there isn't any work for us. the banks are closed and i had to pay salaries. and how can i manage with only $200.00 a week from the bank or a letter?
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my request of these la mic emerett is to stress on the banks to resume services that are about 200 to 300 construction companies here. they've all shut down and the staff had been sent home. but as the sunsets on the stationary construction equipment, evening shift has started work in another part of cobble workers here, sir taliban fighters have not come to the company or made any demands, although many are very of the economic crisis is here to improve security means they do not have to worry about being robbed or killed on their way home. they are hopeful their factory will continue its operation and in return attract investors to help revive the economy. now the pandemic is re shaping the way we work with many employees, choosing to open up their laptops and a kitchen counter all home office if they're lucky enough. but it's also redefining the education industry. and surprisingly, there's been a book many so called at tech industry globally. last year,
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investors put $2200000000.00 into at tech companies. according to ed, sage, and data from pitchbook shows the 1st half of this year has already surpassed that reaching 3600000000. but monetizing at tech apps has proven to be extremely difficult even for the best at tech apps like door lingo. you can make a fun, great learning app, but not everyone will want to pay for it. and in china, authorities have cranked down on after school tuition, wiping out a $100000000000.00 industry, because it was becoming too expensive for parents. while the growing costs of materials is driving an increasing number of students to piracy, in march of 2021 alone, a 195000000 people visited educational piracy sites. with over $1000000000.00 publications downloaded illegally each year. some publishers say their revenues are being hit by as much as 23 percent. so it is clearly a problem and something needs to change. and the person making that change is go to
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yvonne molder and ceo at at take her legal was joining us live from london. thank you so much. go to you for being on counting the cost. it's good to have you. so educational piracy is obviously a huge issue, but the bank of mom and dad doesn't have an endless stream of money. so how exactly does your venture work? yes, so a plague was built out of a puzzle payments. mine which was very expensive, price of taxes. you know, i blame even accounting. that was $200.00. i re, to just book never used again. what was really interesting is i've seen that my friends, my kids, all students say, oh, so what we've done is we build a company which is on a mission to make education. most escal insurance. we help piper publish for cooper revenue in austin 2nd. hm. bookmark. piracy, through convenience, and for students they get a sample space where they can find, hold a cooling 2 for the promise of a single book. so his hybrid learning the new reality then now i think it's very
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much so using analogy to maybe remote work in the early days when i try to 900 stops, it was a bit awkward for us to you know, what promotion. and i think very much the same will happen him a using on a look at lego. and like 19 we saw huge acceleration tools digital. but in terms of the publishers, so many more publishers gave us the full collections. and it was really interesting . and the other side faculty, students, institutions became a whole proctor of using a digital product in that learning mix. but, but go to, do you think that students who pay thousands of dollars in for in person tuition would, would we would be willing to accept blended learning? i mean, many fails. short changed by, by the whole experience. yes, it's a great question and i think ultimately, yes, some students might feel of it will change, but overrule by providing convenience by providing an accessibility and also by being more affordable, the total student population
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a great to chance to learning. right. you know, if i was to think about it, stay maybe textbooks are allowed to be, are access by the privilege fee. well, by providing a glow, which is affordable, a one no matter where you all could access their learning content. but do you think online learning can really ensure global equity? i mean, if you take a look at the example of china, for example, at the authorities, they have decided at that additional after school learning is putting too much financial pressure on, on parents. so how do you deal with that aspect? yeah, just just to show, you know, was right, the global education industry is a $1.00 trillion dollar industry. and what's really interesting is today only 4 percent of that stitched. so yes, you know, you might have seen the recent use of china coming down. ultimately it's on a subset, right? it's from 2 to platforms, homes, and exam for platforms. but it's a huge, huge industry globally, which is still very much right for disruption in
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a multiple grid from the digital things. but it's the case that, you know, wealthy parents are, of course able to get exit tutoring support for their children. but, but for low income families, the outcomes very often and not so good. i completely agree. and, and you know, that's why ha, ha, we're in a missions, make sure it gets the same joss demoss where you on the world of new, massive your background. right. and what about bridging the, the technology gap? i mean technology can be isolating. of course, how, how do you overcome that? yeah, so i get it to share some numbers. roy education is at tech industries in his infancy . last year. total of $6000000000.00 was invest center education companies. this year it's already a $13000000000.00 unexpected to close at 16. been in and you're completely wrong. some people might not have access to lots of incidents. oh, but i truly believe that by being digital you can drive whole excess ability across industry. so for example, with gallagher, we'll play good lines. oh,
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we also last chance to download the books offline. so i think on the country digital here is to help bridge deka miles. sounds exciting indeed. best of luck on your venture. go t van mulder and ceo of at take prego joining us there from london. thank you very much for your time. we appreciate it. thank you for your italy. 75 year old national airline will close for good. it'll be replaced by a small estate owned carrier called ita. the italian government has invested more than a $1000000000.00 in hopes to avoid the financial turbulence that drank down and italia . but the old carriers staff are wandering where they'll fit in. as adam rainy explains from rope riding to protest. that's how i'll tell your flight attendant angela madina now spends her days after 11 years and the skies when ita the new airlines had to replace flag carrier al italian launches on october 15th. it's unclear from madina. we'll have a job. the day before speaking to us,
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she had just returned from working a long haul flight. when i left a yard and we're we're taken off, i felt that was the last name. could be the last time my last place. and then we group is offering a. yeah, really hurt some 11000 al italian employees are set to lose their jobs. trade unions are trying to pressure ita to higher the majority of them back with plans to fly fewer routes. ita has said it will hire $2800.00 workers when they launch in another 3000 next year. alessandra mulatto is worried. you can go in an office and say go, bonnie, i'm a good flight attendant. it's a ok. every night. what we can do with you, nothing. the workers also want to keep wages at the same level unlikely since the european commission ruled this month, that ita is distinct from alitalia,
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hence not bound by its contracts. that also means ita isn't on the hook for 900000000 euros and a legal state support. i'll italia received for decades. i'll. italia, has defined travel to italy. even popes relied on the carrier to reach their far flung flock. the brand has also come to symbolize huge losses from 1000 doesn't 20. they never close a balance sheet that is positive. so the account every year they lose money. so that's not a good predictor that he tell we'll do any better. yes, sadly, despite its subtle past either sees real value in the brand name, al italian is willing to spend big money on it because they realize the name is synonymous with italy itself. and they put in a bid, perhaps topping more than 200000000 euros for the rights to that name. some aviation experts question, the whole idea of a flag carrier. if i was in a tenure,
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as i said, if i wasn't a tenant tech, or i would think that in i might be, we can spend money on a bit of things. do we, do we need an italian male on, in, in modern europe. what once upon a time, perhaps when aiden, a tang and a lot because otherwise known with flood or are really you telling me that not a philosophy shared by the government. indeed, italy is betting on the new airline, backing it with more than 1300000000 euros and state funds. the hope is that eater, perhaps just a reborn, al italia will find its wings and take off financially. people in western argentina have noticed the ground shaking beneath and much more over the last year. more than 200 earthquakes have been reported in that time. geologists blame them on fracking . teresa boring for some sawzall, benito, a new can province. in southwestern argentina, it's one of the largest shale oil and gas we serves in the world vac. i'm one of
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those located in argentine us, but the owner region, it covers an area of over 30000 square kilometers and extraction companies have invested heavily in exploiting it. within this and the while has been living in the regional town of south sullivan, he thought all his life he says, well he's glad of the new economy opportunities brought by the companies. there we so so a downside earthquakes, the key comes from william info has grown it. these are not natural movements. i never felt before. i felt for very strong shakes that broke my house. the house started to shake for a few seconds. we all looked at each other and then it start. increasingly, locals are blaming the practice of fracking for this is make activity. fracking uses thousands of liters of water and sand that are injected in the soil at high pressure to push out the oil and gas. scientists continue to debate whether the practice can provoke earthquakes. although a recent study in argentina says,
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there is a direct link between fracking and sysmic activity right across this river. there is at least 90 sites where oil and gas are being extracted using fracking. people living in the area say that the fis nick activity here began when oil company started operating in this area, there's report of at least 36 small earthquake of happening in just one weekend to, to leave her go resend. this house has several cracks because of the tremors. he says he's hoping or thought he will help him and his neighbors 45 their homes for what is likely to become a regular thing. yeah, not any. i'm only this is we're not denying. there is an increase in activity. the importance is how strong the earthquakes are and how to prepare the population. we need to know who is doing it and how and where the population is. we to sit down at the same table and plan how it's going to be done. but almost everyone agrees.
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argentina's economy struggling and promoting oil and gas extraction is crucial to helping the country recovery. yet the filter rather fairly figure when people like roberto are concerned. he's a member of the my paul chain dudgin as community and is worried about his children's future monitoring capacity of america. there were over sushi wells that have been marked in our territory. they now working on the other side, but imagine what it's going to be like when they come over here. i didn't in as government is pushing to increase oil and gas production and hoping to increase invest. and im back um. what about communities in the area are hoping their interests will be considered to and that is our show for this week. get in touch with us, my tweeting, meet foley back at a j e, and do use the hashtag ha, ctc. when you do or drop us an email, counting the cost, i apologise, 0 dot net is our address is more for you online that al jazeera dot. com slash ctc
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. that'll take you straight to our page, which has in tie episode for you to catch up on i'm fully batty ball from me and the whole counting the cost team. thank you for watching. the news on al jazeera is next after world war 2, frances great empire began to unravel and vietnam do most of the building. he was throwing themselves into the streams, bursting with joy, kissing each other. and algeria. eliza, though she knew as if the indo chinese managed to beat the french army. why not die? the decline continues an episode to of blood and tears french. the colonization on al jazeera, i've worked out as her english since it's lord. she was a principal presenter and as
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a correspondence with any breaking the story we want to hear from those people who would normally not get the voices heard on the international news channel. one moment i'll be very proud off was when we covered the napoleon, quick of 2015, a terrible natural disaster on the story that needs to be told from the hall of the affected area to be then to tell the people story was very important. all the time . ah, funerals, enough gallus, dawn as death toll from friday's bomb attack rises to 65. the taliban pledges to step up. security at sheer mosques. ah, and i why molly, inside this is out there, alive from doha, also coming up.

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